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TEN MASON CITY GLOBE-GAZETTE MAY 7 1934 400 Varieties of Orchids Grow Wild in Guatemala Beautiful Buildings' Impress American Visitors. EDITOR'S NOTE: This Is the third and final article on Guatemala by Mr. and Mrs. A. Â·lu Rule. It tells the story of modern Guatemala with Its excellent government and efficient administration, the beauty of the buildings and something of the habits of the natives. . By MR. and MKS. A. L. KULE Having had a sight picture of prehistoric Guatemala and the ancient ruined capitals, let us take a short trip into modern Guatemala. Shortly after the train leaves the station it winds up through the native settlement with is thatched roofs and vividly colored shops and huts, ranging in color through various shades of yellows, pinks, blues and reds, which blend into a harmonious picture with the flowers and palms of the jungle in the background. In a very few moments the train is passing through the impenetrable jungle itself with only the width of the railroad right of way cut through it. It climbs the first hills and, having reached the summit, we descend again to the lowlands. From the observation platform we look back up the hill that we are descending and in wonderment note on either side of the tract the huge palms and trees covered with vines and blooms of various colors and shades, interspersed with hardwood trees; with here and there a' huge mahogany tree rising to a height of 150 feet and even higher Among these trees of the jungle there may be found more than 400 different specimens of orchids which are simply parasites growing wild on the trees and' yet in the north they are 'rare, expensive to uries, In Banana Lands. When the train has descended tie hill .we are in the banana plantations which extend back from the east coast for a distance of about 60 miles. These are among the best banana lands on earth. We firs I arrive at Bannanera, headquarters of the banana operations. Motagua river, and as it ,is Quirig^ja, a native village at which the railroad and the fruit company have established a large hospital with beautiful and attractive grounds. Shortly after leaving Quirigua the train gradually climbs to a plateau through which flows the Motagua ricer, and as it passes along its banks, frequent glimpses are caught of the native women do-' ing their family washing. In this ' .Stream; o f .'water.'. Â· Â· - , . ; " . -.Â· On this-plateau many cattle and, ,, sheep are-raised as',well as a large amount of corn, which is one of the principal.foods of the natives. The - corn, or maize, is pounded into a fine meal between two rocks and made into the tortilla, which is a sort of corn pancake flattened and kneaded between the hands and then placed upon a flat piece of iron over a fire. The tortilla is usually eaten cold and largely takes the place of our bread and is eaten with beans, sausage, meat and oth- . er foods. Begins Steep Climb. When about 130 miles from the coast, the train begins a steep climb and in a distance 1 of about 20 miles climbs to a second plateau over 2,000 feet above sea level. This plateau is almost a desert, where, cactus abounds, although there are many beautiful trees, massive mountains, canyons and native villages. Finally at. a distance of about 195 miles, after a steep climb of 2,500 feet, the train reaches Guatemala City at an elevation of 4,872 feet above sea .level. In 1821 the five provinces which had formerly comprised the kingdom of Guatemala, as the territory of Spain, declared their independence and the five provinces consisting of Guatemala, El Salvador, Spanish Hondui'as, Nicaragua and Costa Rica, each established itself as .a sovereign state. The five formed themselves into a federation known as the Federation of Central America and Guatemala City was the capital of this federation. In 1839 the federation was solved and each of the five, states became an independent country. In Coffee Plantations. To the west of Guatemala City the mountains rise abruptly with several peaks and volcanoes to a height of more than 13,000 feet . Many peaks of this range of mountains stand over 10,000 feet. From Guatemala City to the Pacific coasl is a distance of only 74 miles- and after passing through these mountains about 30 miles west of Guatemala City, the railroad descends rapidly to the lower lands of the Pacific coast and here is raised some of the world's finest coffee Here also are sugar plantations cattle ranges and wheat farms. Sixty per cent of the population of Guatemala is Indian and the army is : made up entirely of Volun teers. A rather amusing story ii told of the recruiting of volunteer; for the army. The commandant o a. neighboring state wired the loca commandant, "Am sending for ser vice in the army 200 volunteers return the ropes as soon as you ar through with them." Has Three Branches. Guatemala consists of 23 depart ments, 338 cities, 1,318 villages an 1,800 hamlets Tt is a republic wit! a president and a cabinet of six members appointed by the presiden It is divided into executive, .iudicia and legislative branches. The na tional assembly has one deputy fo every 20,000 of population, electe for a term of four years. One-hal of these are elected every two year and tlie assembly meets on the first day of April in each year. There is also a counsel of state, consisting of nice members appointed by the president to pass on questions under their constitution. The governors of the Â· departments or states are appointed by the president and are also the military commandants of their department or state. The judicial branch of the government consists of a supreme court with five judges, five courts of appeal with three judges each and 47 local judges appointed by the court of appeal. As before stated, the. ancient cap- tol of Antigua was destroyed' by the earthquake "of 1773 and the capitol rz3 thereupon moved about 30 miles to what is now Guatemala After the experience at Anigua the' government was rigid in ts requirements as to the height of buildings as well as to their construction. The city of . Guatemala was laid out upon the same plan as was the ancient Antigua with streets and avenues running at right angles to each other. The starting point was the central great square or plaza and now called Central Park, or Plaza de Armas. Cathedral Erected. One of the first buildings to have its site selected and to receive the attention of the people was the cathedral. For several years considerable time and effort was spent in studying various plans and prospects for the erection of this' cathe- Jral and after the plans were finally adopted, the corner stone was laid in 1782, but the building was not finally completed until 1868, or in other words, the building and final completion of this, the most beautiful cathedral in Central America, occupied a period 86 years. The cathedral is 360 'feet long and 130 feet wide, with arched roof and a freat cupola covering the oblong iome that is' the especial characteristic of its architecture. The principal altar of the cathedral is made of ane great block of Carrara marble. Many beautiful statues and paintings adorn the interior. There are also many other churches throughout the city. Numerous other public Â· buildings and monuments of beautiful construction adom the city. Perhaps one,of the most interest- ng features ia the municipal market. This building is about 300 "eet square and on the interior are he various stalls where the Indians rom many miles around bring each ay their wares which are sold and xchanged in. the market. In these stalls will be found almost every orm of merchandise including food very kind, meats, potterj, shoes, r sandals' of native make, native lothes and baskets, and various prma of reed and bamboo mats, flpwera of the : -largest- and .,m6st aeafttiful- varieties ai)d; : colors that an be imagined, ; whose prices astonish one from a northern coun- ry Gardenias, a huge bunch can be ought for 5 or. 10 cents, Easter lily lants in full bloom at 10 for 15 ents, Violets 2 cents a large bunch, oses, Carnations in huge bunches t from 5 to 10 cents a bunch and alia lillies 10 cents a dozen. Prob- bly the most attractive and in- eresting articles in this market are the beautifully figured cotton materials, hand woven by the In- ians in many colors and figures and sold at prices that are almost inbelievable. The same is true of heir rugs, entirely made and woven and natives from jy the Indians domestic wool. First Price Double. The first price asked is usually about double that which is expected, f you admire one of the handsome wool rugs the Indian displays and t is offered at $15, do not offer him a Guatamalian ?5 bill unless raa really want the rug. The tour- st travel in Guatemala is not extensive and consequently the usual tourist prices' have not yet been put upon their goods, but the above illustration is simply the method of dealing among themselves and with Jie residents of Guatemala. It is most interesting to arise early in the morning and by 7 o'clock seat yourself in one of the several parks of the city and watch Indians passing along the streets bringing their wares to mar- set. It is common to see two or ;hree or several Indian woman dressed in the very bright colors of their native woven costumes, barefoot and hatless, going along the street at a "dog-trot," with huge baskets upon their heads. The Indian woman may also have a small baby carried in a sling upon her back, and a small child being led by the hand, or a small daughter trotting by her side, also balancing upon her head a smaller basket. At the same time one may look across the sidewalk to the street and see an Indian driving several donkeys before him, their backs laden with goods, being taken to market, or again a huge oxcart drawn by two beautiful oxen, or perhaps a number of oxcarts in a long string moving along over the cobblestone pavement with the broad tires of the carts making a terrific clatter as compared with the noiseless movement of the oxen. Again one may see an Indian man riding comfortably upon his donkey without any impediment to disturb his comfort, while trotting beside the donkey will be the faithful wife carrying the load of merchandise upon her head that it may reach the market at an early hour. City Is Clean. Presently, there may come by three or four, or perhaps more Indian men without shoes, with large straw hats on their heads, dressed in the white cotton or linen clothes of the tropics and each wearing a PUZZLES SCIENTISTS Anna Monaro, Italy's "electric" woman, is shown as she arrived in Rome to enter a clinic for nervous diseases. Specialists seek the cause of a beam of light, sufficient to illuminate a room, which emanates from her body. (Associated Press Photo). large apron hanging from the waist both in the front and in the back Across'their foreheads are wide bands which reach'-behind the head and hang down the back, from these bands supported partly by their foreheads, partly by their backs, are suspended unbelievably large bur- denr. While one is watching this procession, an automobile of recen model may pass and at the same time there may be within view a considerable number of old fashioned surreys and vehicles of various kinds drawn by small horses. These can bÂ» hired for travel about the city at a few cents an hour. From this description one might assume that the city would have an untidy and dirty appearance, yet the fact is exactly the opposite. The city streets are nearly all paved and are kept scrupulously clean. The buildings are of clean white stucco 6r' : stone, sometimes the stucco is painted a bright color, but all convey the'idea'of cleanliness and neatness. The climate of the city is perhaps one of the most pleasing in the v/orld. The variation in temperature throughout the entire year seldom exceads 20 degrees and one would be safe in saying that the temperature rarely goes below 60 degrees F. or above 80 degrees. They have two seasons, the wet and the dry. The rainy season begins in May and runs through until October. The rain usually comes in showers during the afternoon and while not daily, yet will probably average more than 50 per cent of the days of the month. During the dry season there are comparatively few rains and yet enough to keep the vegetation fresh and luxuriant. The government of Mexico is considering an extensive irrigation project in Toreon, which would include ie construction of a 53,500,000 dam to supply water to cotton and wheal lands and to produce hydroelectric power. A Real Low Price on a Popular Plate A $20 Value for $11.50 You really have to see this plate to appreciate its Quality and Beauty, Brown Vulcanite laced with a delicale shade of pink. Built in the same careful manner, by skilled plate men, as are all Craven plates it will give you complete satisfaction at a substantial saving. Impressions tnken at 9:30 A, M. --Plates delivered by 4 P. M. "("raven" Plates are sold ontyMn CRAVEN'S EXCLUSIVE Plate Shoppes (Lifeline Teeth) If yon desire Information about plates--\VRITK--Yon tvlll be answerer! by return mail. 18 1st St. S. E., Mason City 620 Grand Ave. 408 Locust St DCS Moines 117 2nd St. S. E,, Cedar Rapids 412 Nebraska St.,. Sioux City AD Ground floor Locations No I'tinncn--Von Ho Not Need An Appointment LIQUOR THIRST IN AMERICA GROWS Beer Consumption Running 50 Per Cent Behind Days Before Prohibition. WASHINGTON, May 7. America's thirst for legal "hard likker"-- if tax figures tell the story correctly-- has grown up since pre- prohibition days. Beer consumption, by the same token, is running about 50 per cent behind. In 1917, the United States consumption of whisky, rum, gin and brandy was 96,250,000 gallons. The 1916 total was 80,720,000 gallons, while in 1918 there was a drop to 61,980,000 gallons. 85 Million Gallons. If liquor production taxes are any indication -- and most distilleries are running full blast to fill the demand -- America is now drinking domestic products at the rate of 85,000,000 gallons annually. This does not in-'e imports which for the first quarter of 1934 were 3,640,000 gallons. Continuation of these rates throughout the year would push distilled spirits consumption above 100,000,000. Officials doubt, however, that the drinking speed of early repeal months will continue. Further, they say some of the production is being stored for aging. But liberal allowances for these factors still would leave a big showing, and the estimates do not include bootleg drinking which Joseph Choate, director of the alcohol control administration, puts at a high figure. One Year ot Beer. One year of legal beer paid the government a $138,547,000 production tax. Most was at a ?5 a barrel rate -".lien would indicate 27,709.500 barrels. In 1917 the beer consumption was 60,790,000 barrels, dropping in 1918 to 50,192,000 barrels. The tax rates of before-prohibition were different from the present. In 1917 the liquor production tax was $1.10 a gallon. Today's is $2. Beer in 1917 was taxed at ?1.50 a barrel. The levy today is 55. Mrs. Anderson Elected. LAKE MILLS, May 7.--The D. V. C. club held its last yearly meeting at the home of Mrs. Russel Peterson Friday afternoon. Officers elected were Mrs. Elmer Anderson, president; Mrs. Albert Thompson, secretary. A picnic will be held at Albert Lea, May 13. Here and There Given by Standard Bearers. FENTON--The Standard Bearers of the M. E. church gave a religious play, "The Challenge of the Cross." The cast follows: Marjorie Bailey, Ruth Glaus, Donna Jean "Bailey, Verabal Ulfers, Bernice Kramer, Gladys Stober, Beatrice Kramer. Chorus--Miss Smith, Miss Barton, Miss Kleinheksel, Miss Weisbrod, Ardis Voigt. Mrs. Snyder, June Weisbrod and Isabelle Weisbrod. Class Day Planned. POPEJOY--Wednesday is senior class day and each department will have much of its work on display. During the afternoon the class pro* gram will be given followed by a game of ball with Chapin. Return to Homes. THOMPSON^-Mrs. John Swain of Duluth, Minn.. ^ Mrs. Henry Thomson of Lidgerwood, N. Dak., and Mrs. Sig Roe of Northfield, Minn., who have been visiting in the parental home of Mr. and Mrs. J. O. Osmundson left for their homes Saturday afternoon. Daughter Is Born. RUDD--An eight pound daughter was born to Mr. and Mrs. Ray Ballhagen Thursday, May 3. Mrs. Ball- hagen, her baby daughter and son, have the measles. Suffers Cut on Hand. STILSON--J. P. Gunncwald cut his hand badly while helping his brother repair his truck. Return to Mllford. POPEJOY--The Rev. W. S. Stauffer of Milford visited here on Saturday. Mrs. Stauffer and Lila Lee, who had spent the week here, accompanied him home. Ill With Pneumonia. LONEROCK--Maxine, youngest daughter of Mr. and Mrs. Frank Flaig is ill with pneumonia. Father-Son'Banquet Held. RUDD--At the father-son banquet Friday evening at the M. E. church dining room Paul' Stalker led the community singing with Mrs. Georgiana Murphy, accompanist. The Rev. Claude Baber and Russell Dockstader appeared on the program. The Rev. H. F. Mercer introduced the speaker, the Rev. John De Long of Nora Springs. The banquet cleared $31.50. Colombia is considering an extensive plan for the construction of public -works, building of airports and landing fields and the installation of radio and other communication systems in areas with small population. Two Armed, Masked Men Get More Than $1,000 in Robbery OMAHA, May 7. UP)--Two armed, masked men escaped with more than $1,000 after holding up the office of the Elks club building here at 4 a. m., today. Police expressed belief the pair, who ordered a clerk and bellboy into an elevator after looting the till, were members of an organized out-of-town gang. Keenan Arrives in Chicago to Direct Hunt for Dillingei CHICAGO, May 7. UP)--The federal government sprang afresh into the John Dillinger hunt today, bent on a supreme effort to bring the desperate machine gunning^ outlaw to justice. Joseph B. Keenan, the government's hard hititng prosecutor of kidnapers and gangsters, arrived on the scene hurrying by airplane from Philadelphia. "Dillinger has had the breaks so far," said the assistant attorney general, "but they are bound to go against him sooner or later." IT'S A MIRACLE we WERENT KILLED (COULDN'T STEER- I COULDN'T STOP THAT'S THE FIRST BLOW-OUT IEVEP A BLOW-OUT! WILL IT BE YOUR TURN NEXT HEAT INSIDE A TIRE CAUSES THIS LIFE-SAVER GOLDEN PLY RESISTS HEAT- PREVENTS THESE BLOW-OUTS Play safe with Goodrich Silvertowns, the only tires with the Golden Ply. Get months of extra mileage/too! The only Â·warning a blow-out gives is BANG! Then it's much too late. Neither your steering wheel nor your emergency brake can save you. All you can do is hope for the best. For a nice soft spot to land. . Due to powerful motors and whirlwind revolutions of smaller modern wheels, the heat generated inside the tire is terrific. Rubber and fabric begin to separate. A tiny blister forms inside the tire where you can't see it. As the friction increases the blister grows--bigger--BIGGER-until BANG! A blow-out! The rim hits the road. And a terrible drag sets in like some unseen monster pulling your car off the highway. An amazing invention! But now, internal heat, the enemy of tire safety and mileage, has bsen checked. By an amazing Goodrich invention--the Life- Saver Golden Ply. This remarkable engineering development, found only in the new Silvertown, resists intense'heat. Binds the tire carcass and tread virtually into a single unit, inseparable even under gruel- ling driving conditions. Thus, blisters don't form. The great, unseen cause of blow-outs is prevented before it begins. The Golden Ply thus made the "safest tire ever built" 3 times safer from blow-outs at high speeds. And here's proof. Racing daredevils tested it out at breakneck speeds. On the world's fastest track. Gave it everything they had. Not one Uow-oul. Similar tires witlwut the Life-Saver Golden Ply failed at one-third the distance the Golden Ply Silvertowns were run. Months of extra mileage! In addition to being 3 times safer from blow-outs "with new Goodrich Silvertowns on, your car, you'll get plenty of extra mileage from your tires, too. For, with the destructive effects of internal heat overcome by the Golden Ply, the big rugged Silvertown outwears ordinary tires by months. Enjoy the priceless feeling of security every time you sit behind your wheel. Get more mileage than you ever got out of tires before. So play safe. Put a set of Goodrich Golden Ply Silvertowns on your car today. They cost not a penny more than other standard tires. This insignia indicates that the Goodrich Company complies fully with the tire manufacturing industry code. MAX BAER IS ON THE AIR IN "TAXI" EVERYMON. WED. FRI. fKWCR, 5:45 P. M., C. S. T. B. F. Goodrich Co. ends more motoring hazards In a campaign to eliminate motoring hazards, Goodrich engineers have announced these important new inventions. The Life-Saver Golden Ply is already famous for the protection it affords motorists in. overcoming the great, unseen cause of blow-outs. Following Golden Ply cornea the Seal-o-matic Safety Tube... an amazing new tube that sealsits own punctures. And finally, the Gold and Black Tube that protects against rim cuts and chafing --so strongly built, even running Â· flat for a distance won't tear it. WHAT OTHER BATTERY OFFERS YOU THESE 5 FEATURES ? Special Cover Construction prevents outside short circuits. 3 Goodrich terminal post con- f' struction and exclusive Gover Â·', eliminate the chief cause of power- V stealing corrosion and guard against loss of power due .to SURFACE MOISTUKE. 4 Electro-Pak cover design permits refilling -without removing cover. Â·Â·'v .If II Si Monthly cost as much: less. s20% Come in today. See the battery that gives you more pep and power . . . and saves you real money in thelong run, too. Goodrich Electro-Pak Amazing New Tube ends rim cuts and chafing HERE'S PROOF! Goodrich 'made a lot of special tubes to test this new Gold and Black construction. One-half of each tube was made of the new construction; the other half oE the best old-style compound. Then they purposely ran them flat The old-style construction was torn to shreds. Yet the Gold and Black half was sound and unharmed by this terrific punishment. Goodrich Gold Black Tubes Copyright i$34. TtoB. F. Goodrich Rubber Co. GoodricK Safetu Silvertown ^ -A / WITH LIFE SAVER GOLDE\ PLY SOLD BY D O N N E L L Y S E R V I C E , INC. 125 First Avenue, S. E.