The Mason City Globe-Gazette from Mason City, Iowa on March 19, 1937 · Page 1
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March 19, 1937

The Mason City Globe-Gazette from Mason City, Iowa · Page 1

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Friday, March 19, 1937
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NORTH IOWA'S DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME H A S L O N £ «., ire B E P = T Of H 0 · tE.«S WOTWEQ "THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS" H O M E E D I T I O N VOL. XLIII CENTS-A COPV ASSOCIATED PRESS AND UNITED PRESS LEASED WIRES MASON CITY, IOWA, FRIDAY, MARCH 19, 1937 Tins PAPEtt CONSISTS OF TWO SECTIONS SECTION ONE NO. 141 COMPLETE SEARCH FOR BODIES WOULD CHANGE TEACHER-PUPIL RELATIONSHIPS Fowlkes Addresses North Iowa Educators; Safety Talk Heard. OXNAM SPEECH TAGE 2 ROBINSON SPETCH PAGE 11 Fundamental changes in teacher and pupil relationship, methods of teaching, teaching personnel and the spirit of education were advocated by Dr. John Guy Fowlkes of the University of Wisconsin at tlie convention of the north central. division of the Iowa State Teachers association Friday morning. The high school auditorium seats were unable to accommodate the large number of teachers that gathered from 15 North Iowa counties for the second day of the convention. Learning, the Wisconsin university professor maintained, is "The process of finding out for oneself." "If you accept that definition then you should accept the one that learning should be a continuous mental exploration party," he added. ' Concept of Teaching. "If .you. accept that concept, then you must accept its corollary, the concept of teaching as the stimulation and direction of learning. "If you cogitate on these conceptions for a while it seems to me in- accepting-them we'have Arrest of Chrysler Strikers Ordered State Senate Approves Farm-Market Road Bill Defies Kraschel Demand in*~~~ The Weather Accepting Amendments of House. BULLETIN DES MOINES, ((P)--The Iowa senate passed, 38 to 2, and sent to the house. Friday a. bill Imposing a two per cent "use tax" on articles bought outside the state of Iowa for use in the state. DES MOINES, (ffj--The Iowa senate passed 37 to 10 Friday and sent to Gov. Nelson G. Kraschei for his signature a remodeled farm-to-market-road bill which recently became the subject of heated controversy between the governor and house republican leaders. In accepting, 25 to 15, house amendments to the bill, the sen- HAS NO COMMENT DES MOINES, W -- Informed that the senate acted against his wishes'in approving house amendments to the farjii-to-markiit road bill, Governor Kraschel said: "I have no. comment to make." PROGRAM .'V. FRIDAY EVENING 7:45 p. m. Operetta, "The Vagabond ,King" b y ' Rudolph Friml, Mason. City high school vocal department, directed by Ellen Smith, assisted by Mary Sherman and Marjorie Smith, followed by reception-dance at Hotel- Hanford. SATURDAY MORNING 9--Concert, Northwood h i g h school band, national Class B champion in 1936 and winner of the subdistrict contest recently held at Britt, Lloyd T. Dillon, director. 9:30--Address, "C r i m e Prevention Through Education," W. H. Drane Lester, United States bureau of investigation, de, partment of justice, Washing: ton, D. C. 10:10--Address, "Horace Mann's Description of a Good School," Miss Agnes Samuels'on, state superintendent of p u b l i c instruction. 10:50--Business meeting. (Platform guests presidents of County School Masters club). accepted a very, very different slant on teaching than the one given us. "A good teacher is one who removes as many handicaps as possible from education, i sometimes wonder if I am hindering my class more than I am helping it." The teacher, Dr. Fowlkes maintained, "is too much in the spotlight. She is being made the primary, when she should be the secondary or tertiary factor in education." Like Indian Guide. "A teacher," he added, "should play the role comparable to an Indian guide teaching a lender- foot how to paddle a canoe. The learner rather than the teacher should be the primary consideration in education." Dr. Fowlkes also mainlained there must take place a fundamental change in the method of leaching. "I am not afraid of having moot economic questions considered, but there is a question of whether the teaching is doctrination or presentation," he added. "Concerning questions on which groups of people have opposite views we should give the, student every opportunity to observe and draw his own conclusions. Intellectual Reservoir. "If we present indisputable facts we can make the school an intellectual reservoir from which the student can draw conclusions on perplexing problems. "I am not in favor of making the schools the stenciling agency for social ideas." On the matter of teaching personnel. Dr. Fowlkes advocated lower salaries for the first two or three years so as to cease making the schools "the vestibule of professional transients." Higher salaries than now existing was advocated for those established in the profession. ' Hear Safety Talk. "The brightest star of hope in the safety firmament is the school ate republican majority defied Kraschel's demand that they be defeated.. After, acting on the bill, the senate, started preliminary-discussion of .a "use tax" - prop osalde-, signed' to, plug borderline'le'aks" in the Iowa' sales tax by ^requiring' payment of: two per cent on articles bought-outside the state for use in Iowa. The'house set consideration of a similar measure for next 1 Thursday. ; Seek Federal Aid. : As "passed, the farm-to-market bill sets up the administrative machinery of a program designed to take advantage of possible federal' grants for road improvement. Kraschel charged last week that house republican leaders, in deciding to amend the bill to provide diversion of 4 per cent ot primary road funds to the farm- to*-market road program,-had "injected politics" into the bill. He asked whether a "paid lobbyist" had attended a caucus ' at which, he said, house republicans agreed to support the amendments. Called for Defeat. Later, the governor urged, in a radio address, that the senate turn down the house amendments. Three democrats, Senator Lester Gillette, Fostoria; Senator Sam D. Goetsch, Decorah; and Senator Henry J. Grunewald, Blairstown, voted against the governor's request that house amendments be turned down. Two republicans, D. W. Kimberly, Davenport, and Paul L. Millhone, Clarinda, joined with other democrats in voting to reject the amendments as Kraschel had requested. IOWA HOUSE APPROVES BAN ON FIREWORKS . DES MOINES, (fP)--Voting 65 to 28, the Iowa house Friday i passed and sent to the governor the Baldwin bill banning use of fire crackers or fireworks except under authorized supervision. The act would become effectvie Jan. 1, 1938. FORECAST IOWA: Snow or rain Friday night and Saturday; slightly warmer in extreme eastern portion; colder in extreme western portion Friday night; colder Saturday. MINNESOTA: Generally fair in north, mostly cloudy and unsettled in cast and' south portions Friday night and Saturday; somewhat colder in northwest portion Friday night. IN MASON CITY Globe-Gazette weather figures for 24 hour period ending at 8 o'clock Friday morning: Maximum Thursday 48 Above Minimum in Night 23 Above At 8 A. i\r. Friday 29 Above The temperature Thursday afternoon rose to the highest point recorded in Mason City since March 6 when a maximum of 59 degrees for 1937 was registered. Friday forenoon the sun was obscured by a thin layer of clouds and the heat wave seemed to be at least temporarily stopped. HOUSEWFiGHT ON CENTENNIAL Rejects , Senate Resolution for Committee Named by Governor. DES M O I N E S , '(/P)--Rancoi flared in .the Iowa house Friday as that body flatly refused to approve a senate resolution giving the governor authority to name an official committee of 25 to formulate a program for Iowa's 1938 centennial observance. The house voted 07 to 20 to defeat the resolution after Rep. Gustavo Alesch (D) of Marcus, chairman of the. appropriations committee, said: Want IMorD Money. "It's another case of preparing to ask for more money. Understand I'm not opposing this, bu I want you to know that there': an appropriation bill coming up to allocate $15,000 for this purpose." Alesch added that on a recen trip to Iowa City to visit the uni versity, "I was besieged by persons wanting money for the ceil tennial." Rep. J. P. Gallagher (D) of Wil liamsburg, who is 74 and a nativ of Iowa, deeply resented the re marks of Alesch and Rep. ,T. E Craven (D) of Kellogg, who is 70 and who decried "such foolish ness." He Likes Economy. "I can't restrain myself longer," Gallagher fired back at them, "I like economy, but I'm shocked at the attitude of this house when we won't hesitate to spend $10,000,000 in Iowa yearly for jazz bands and chasing pongee. And the gentleman from Jasper (Craven) will be tossing his nightcap into the air with the rest." Hep. Thomas Stimpson (D) of Anamosa, gained the floor after the vote had been announced, to say "this is a direct slap at the historical aspects of our state." AUTO FIRM NOT TO ACT HASTILY TO EVICT MEN Sheriff Says Carrying Out Court Order "Question of Man Power." DETROIT, (#)--Circuit Judge Allan Campbell Friday ordered he issuance of writs of attachment calling for arrest of 6,000 it down strikers who have occupied eight Chrysler corporation automobile plants lor 12 days. The corporation indicated it vould not proceed immediately high officials of the United Automobile Workers of America who were made respondents, with the strikers, in the injunction which Judge Campbell issued last "Monday. Since 9. a. m. Wednesday, the sit down strikers have been in viola- :ipn of the injunction, which ordered them to evacuate the plants by that hour. Sheriff Thomas C: Wilcox salrt :ie would make no attempt at ejection of the strikers until he obtains additional deputies or the assistance of the national guard. "It's simply a question of man power," he said. "I will serve any writ if I have enough men. I can't do it with my present,.sta,ff..'_ .1 ;hav.e ,askedl,the cpurrfor 600 special deputies to' eject the Newton Packing company, strikers. If 1 get the deputies I will act immediately, on the Newton or the Chrysler cases." The eight captive Chrysler plants were.guarded by augmented picket lines. . Members of the "Union Patrol" and a "flying pa- Eye Witness Story Told by Reporter Oklahoma City Writer at School 2 Hours After Fatal Blast. EDITOR'S NOTE: When an explosion wrecked the New London school Charles Saulsberry, sports editor of the Oklahoma City Times, was covering spring training ot the Oklahoma City baseball team at nearby Jacksonville, Tex. In the following eye witness account, Saulsbcrry. tells ot what lie saw when he reached New London two hours after the fatal blast. By CHARLES SAULSBERRY Written for the Associated Press NEW LONDON, Texas, saw this little Texas oil town trol" of automobiles pared to reassemble were pre- the 20,000 strike sympathizers who put on t "show of strength" at the striker- held plants Wednesday morning. DRIVE FOR UNIONIZATION OF TEXTILE WORKERS By The Associated Tress. The launching of a unionization drive among 1,250,000 textile workers shared attention Friday on the nation's industrial front witli the impending crisis in Michigan's major automotive strike. A meeting in New York Friday of the textile workers' organizing committee signalized the beginning of the campaign ordered by the committee for industrial organization. Labor leaders said the decision of textile firms to raise wages for more than 47,000 workers in Virginia, the Carolines and Georgia, and 35,000 in New England will not deter them from organization- Among the objec- syslem," W. Earl Hall, president of the Iowa State Safety council, told the convention upon introducing Arthur Kragcr, principal of the Lincoln school, and Gerald Keister, director of boys' shop classes. Mr. Keister showed slides depicting the development of the safety problem from ancient times to the present, climaxed by scenes from in front of the Mason City high school building. Mr. Krager presented a demonstration by a group of boys from the school patrol. He outlined the type of instruction given the boys and described the manner in which they carried out the important task of getting little children safely over crossings. One of the important instructions, he pointed out, is that of "stop the children, not the cars." Welcomed by Irons. The teachers were welcomed by R. B. Irons, superintendent of the Mason City schools. . "Everyone in Mason City is glad to welcome the teachers," he said. "The teachers are glad because it gives, em an opportunity to gel acquainted. The children are glad because they get a day off. The merchants are glad because they feel they will have an opportunity to serve you. The Chamber of . .* Four Killed in Crash of Japanese Bomber TOKIO, (/P)--Four ' officers of the Hamamatsu air corps were killed Friday when their heavy bomber crashed on a tea plantation in Shizuoka prefecture. W. H. Lange, Former Lakota Pastor, Dies LEBANON, Wis., (IP)--The Hev. W. H. Lange, 64, former pastor at Lakota, Iowa, died here. Commerce looks upon the teachers' gathering as the best convention of the year." Mr. Irons called · attention to the reception-dance to be held at the Hotel Hanford Friday evening following, the presentation of the operetta, "The Vagabond King," at the high school auditorium. The speaking program was preceded by vocal selections by a group of grade school children under the direction of Miss Mildred Jackson. Past presidents of the north central division . were platform guests. al activities. lives were a minimum wage ot $18 weekly and a 35 hour week. Union Printers Strike. A strike of 300 union printers left Indianapolis without a daily newspaper. The dispute arose over wages and involved three dailies, The Star, News and Times. C. P. Howard, international president of the Typographical union, said .the strike was "in violation of an obligation." A final settlement oC the Hom- ineton Rand, Inc., strike was believed . imminent following an agreement between the American Federation of Labor and James H. Rand, Jr. Although terms were withheld, Rand said the agreement provided for re-employment ot 1,200 strikers. Oust Sit Downers. Police arrested approximately 70 sit down strikers after they refused (o leave a Woolworth 5 and 10 cent store at New York. Seventeen strikers at a Brooklyn Woolworth store also were arrested.'Sit downers continued to occupy five 5 and 10 cent stores of another company in New York. Employes of nine Thompson restaurants at Pittsburgh struck for wage increases and improved working conditions. A union leader said 400 walked out. Acting Police Commissioner John Prendergast announced further violence would not be tolerated in Chicago's taxicab drivers strike. He said "we will give strikers the works" in the event of further outbreaks. Warrants were issued against 55 sit down strikers occupying the Wilson and Ben- ne'tt company, maker of steel barrels .in suburban Clearing. struggle Thursday night to recover from one of the most crushing death blows the southwest ever has known. Just across the slract as I write this is the explosion wrecked school buildings where hundreds of school children and teachers were blasted lo dealh. Now, only a few hours after the blast, at least a thousand rescue workers labor under spotlights to wrest the broken bodies from a mass ot twisted steel and bricks. Distraught parents strain at ; rope which rings the desolate scene. Their, faces streamed with tears; "their* lie aVts-smbthbred- with despair, they wait to learn the fat of their children--but with littli hope. · · i · No Shouts'or Screams. There were no shouts, no screams. Just an ear rending roa and the whole center of the I- shaped structure seemed to lit from its foundations and fall bad to bury the occupants under a mountain of brick and tile. I raced here in my automobile with C. J, Knho, Oklahoman- Times staff photographer, from Jacksonville, Texas, about 25 miles away. We were there covering the spring training camp of the Oklahoma City Indians baseball team. With us rushed a lone line of motor cars, herding for the scene, spurred by the incredible story which spread through the countryside. We reached this little oil town about 5 p. m., two hours after the blast. Already the town was in confusion. It's only what we call a "wide place in the road," hardly to be called a town. Pick Up Bodies. Bricks and tile spread from the wrecked building in all directions. Ambulances race to the f r o n t of the building, pick up their burden of little bodies, and speed away. Hushed and press against white the faced, giant stretched around the school. they rope The Dies of Heart Attack. DES MOINES, (tT)--B. A. Glew, 51, president of the Central Wholesale Grocery company, died after a heart attack. · ' 5 spotlights, mounted on trucks, send their searching white fingers over the ruined structure, flash on the oil wells which surround the schoolyard. ; Doctors shout terse orders. Men dig with their bare hands into the pile of bricks and steel, frantically laboring to reach . the crushed bodies. Stretcher bearers hurry to arid fro, silent as they clear the trail of death.' Already those grim-faced res- LOOK INSIDE FOR- CHARLES EVANS HUGHES Clarke, Former Supreme Court Member, to Talk PAGE 2 Klomp Baffles Young Star m Mam Tilssli PAGE 9 House 'Wets, Drys in Local Option Tangli ' Liquor Bills Before Assembly Summavizec PAGE 8 Opening Installment of "The Mouthpiece' PAGE 5 425 TAKEN FROM BLAST WRECKED SCHOOL BUILDING nvestigation Gets Under Way Seeking Cause of Giant Explosion That Caused Worst Child Tragedy Nation Has Ever Known. NEW LONDON, (/P)--With 425 crushed'and mangled bodies of hildren and teachers removed from the blast-shattered wreckage of lie London consolidated school, workers ended their search Friday ifternoon for additional victims of the nation's worst school disaster. Colonel C. E. Parker, national guard commander, expressed belief every body had been found. A military inquiry to seek the cause if Thursday's great explosion quickly got under way within the uins. Every brick had been turned in the basement of the demolished juilding before workers pronounced their task finished, Colonel cucrs tell me, 300 bodies have been dragged from the shambles. Rumors race in hushed whispers through the crowd. Some say 600 must have been killed. Others 500. But there is no doubt death did its job thoroughly, brutally. Escape With Injuries. A few victims escaped with injuries, but from the mass ot wreckage the real story of horroi unfolds. It is one of sudden death striking in mid-afternoon of warm, sunny day. Most of the v i c t i m s \ v e . _ trapped in a long two-story middle section of the building. In one of the two wings a parent-teacher meeting was in progress when the blast struck. Most of them escaped. Here and there an eye witness tells me of the unearthly rumble which heralded the blast. The roof lifted, they say, as if propelled by some giant hand. Then down it fell in a rain of horror to crush its victims in debris.. Oil workers rushed from adjoining wells, caught the first survivors as Ihcy rushed bleeding, from the buildings the blast damaged, and hurried thorn lo nearby homes. Responds With Help. Soon the full weight of the tragedy fell on the peaceful little own and hundreds hurried to th iceiie. Quick to respond, neighborin oil towns of Kilgore, Longvic ·ind -Hendrickson .rushed ambit ances. Soon the rescue was lull, orderly stride and so it con .inues now. ' One gray-haired woman tel no she had two children in Hi school. She has waited for houi n the hope they would be foun jlive. But as the hours pass sh becoming resigned to the tel rible truth. Now she is going to Tyler, neighboring town, to join the nun ireds of other parents swarmin .hrough hospital wards in scare of loved ones. AMELIA TO SEEK TINY SAND BAR Poised for Hop on Second Leg of 27,000 Mile · ' . World Flight. HONOLULU, M 3 )--A supreme test in' navigation--finding a tiny sand bar 1,532 miles ahead in the vast Pacific--awaited Amelia Earhart and her crew poised Friday for a takeoff on the second leg of her 27,000 mile world flight. The aviatrix, who set a speed record on her f l i g h t here from Oakland Thursday, said she probably would start for the distant speck ot land--Rowland island-late Friday. Army Flyers pointed out a night flight would facilitate the perfect navigation required to hit the two mile long island, for navigators Capt. Harry Manning and F. J. Noonan will have stars to guide them. The landing itself could be accomplished after dawn. "There is every possibility of a takeoff late Friday," said Miss Earhart. She delayed an immediate start because of weather conditions and to permit a check of the plnne's motors. "They have a long way lo go and I want to be sure they are in shape," she said. The flight was expected to lake 10 or 12 hours. Miss Earhart made the Oakland-Honolulu f l i g h t in 15 hours, 51 Vj minutes beating the previous record, held by the Hawaii Clipper, by one hour, 6Vi min- ules. arker said. He declared 425 bodies had* been carried from the tangled pile of steel and brick and added: "There may have been a few more lhaii that." Wearied oil field laborers who nad toiled with.acetylene torches, loisting machinery a n d bare lands for 21 hours, Friday morning in a , slashing rainstorm, stopped] work in groups and went to their homes, nearly all of which' were bereft of at least one child. Dismal, Drlzzlingr Scene. The final hours of the tragic task showed a dismal, drizzling scene, dotted with frenzied,, red eyed parents and determined investigators. :..F_irst'.de.finite:indicaU6ri that accumulated-gas caused 'the blast that lifted Hundreds of school children, heavy girders and bricks into the air, came from Major Howard when he said Dr. E. P. Shoch, noted chemistry professor at the University of Texas, had been summoned to testify. The recovered bodies, comprising virtually all of the countryside's younger generation a n d their teachers, were distributed among widely scattered morgues. Highway Patrol Captain Walter Elliott had estimated more than 500 were dead. Seeping gas, an ever present menace in oil fields, collects in pockets even in well ventilated buildings and along highways, as- sistant'Fire Chief J. J. Lynn explained at Oklahoma City. Gas Forms in Pockets. "Gas sometimes f o r m s In pockets in valleys in the oil field country," he said. "The East Texas country of New London is hilly. You'd probably find more gas pockets along highways there." The theory of accumulated gas was first advanced by Superintendent W. C. Shaw, who himself lost a son in the destruction of the high school. A sympathetic nation followed the leadership of President Roosevelt in offering succor. The national Red Cross sen disaster director, Albert Evans, to :iead relief work. The Texas legislature set investigative machinery lo work and sent a delegation o its members to make a first ham survey of the community's needs Nearly Every Home. Grief reached into virtually every home of oil workers, company officials and farmers in the community. Parents wandered from oin morgue to another, peering be neath sheets. They plodded from one East Texas hamlet to the next, seeking word of children hastily taken/nway from the Lon don consolidated high school afte the blast Thursday. They crowded around radios in drug stores, straining lo catch Hi words of an announcer who reac and reread Hie list of dead am injured. Nurses Lift Covers. Stretched end to end on a Overton roller skating rink floo at one time were 136 dead. The line past the shrouded figures was steady. Nurses lifted covers, tousled heads appeared. As rapidly as they were identified they were taken away to morgues. Next to speculation as to the cause of the tragedy, the most popular topic of conversation was the recounting of dreams and hunches which supposedly indicated the nearness of the explosion. Almost every theory for the building collapse that could be conceived by stunned minds was advanced in the street corner discussions. This section of East Texas was pine studded farming country before the discovery of oil brought wealth and superimposed a new population of petroleum workers and their families. Captain Elliott reported lo Aus- n headquarters that order was re- tored lo the stricken community, vhere Gov. James V. AUrcd de- lared martial law Thursday, night ifter inrushing sightseers and ves- ue workers, mingling with the renzied parents, brought about chaotic conditions. "Work of examining the build- ng tor bodies should be completed Friday," Elliott's message said. Acetylene torches, cutting the wisted steel beams of the massive nuilding,. tugging cranes and bare lands worked together in uncovering the bodies. Rain slashed at the workers Fri- Jay morning slowing their beaver- like lab 01 t . Workmen. tfroppedngg.tl^ftntet'^T., vals after 19 steady hours of boi- ing into ruins of a 5250,000 structure -, that was proclaimed ttie world's wealthiest rural school. Work stopped in .the fields, largest petroleum sector in the world, and schools were closed tight. Kin Give Description. An information clearing agency ,vas established at the Overton city hall. There anxious kin gave descriptions of their youngsters. "My boy was wearing a brown shirt, corduroy pants and brown shoes. He was such a little boy. Weighed about 110 pounds." . Two or. three minutes later the mother swooned when informed lie was alive in a Tyler hospital. Telegrams; of condolence piled liigh in telegraph offices. Kin and Friends of the dead packed the little office and scribbled death messages to all corners of the nation. "Face Had Smile." Telephones were in constant use. Voices were heard. "We have found Mary, mother, no I don't Lhink she suffered much. Her face nad sort of a smile on it." "Can you come home tomorrow Tom? They haven't found the boy yet." Thousands stood silently in a vast semi-circle around the shattered building. Occasionally workers would pause while n tiny body was lifted from beneath brick and steel. Stretchers were there and parents surged forward to peer at the form. Cause of the blast was sought as one official advanced the theory oC gas, accumulating in the building from the nearby East Texas Oil fields, one of the world's richest. Derricks on Campus. Oil derricks are on the campus. There were 700 students and 40 teachers in the two story London consolidated school, unit of a Sl,000,000 block of educational structures, when an explosion Thursday near dismissal time, showered brick and slecl upon screaming viclims. The school, located on n hilltop between New London and London, serves an area of 30 square miles. Eight hours after the' blast, a junior high school boy and girl were rescued alive from the ruins as more than 1,000 men from the rich east Texas oil fields attacked the wreckage. The two, sobbing hysterically, were clasped in each, other's arms under a protecting arch formed by falling debris. A woman teacher was removed alive but injured after being buried nearly six hours. Superintendent Escapes. Born of oil, many authorities theorized the $150,000 structure, show spot of the dcrricked oil belt, met destruction in the same manner. Superintendent S h a w w h o stood outside on the grounds and barely escaped death from debris that hurtled 300 yards in all directions, said it was "quite possible" unburned gas from the nearby field had accumulated in basement crannies and hollow tilsj

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