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APRIL 3 1931 MASON CITY GLOBE-GAZETTE ifflasim (Hits A Lee Syndicate Newspaper Issued Every Week Day by the MASON CITX GLOBE-GAZETTE CO 121-123 East State St. Telephone No. 3800 its right to survive. It is a challenge to the leaders of American business which they cannot afford to place second even to their own Individual interests. DID YOU KNOW? Illustrated Question Box By R. J. SCOTT '. WILL, P. MUSE SI!! 01 W. EARL HALL, Managing Editor Â·r/BTR p LOOMIS Business Manager MEMBER OF THE ASSOCIATED PRESS ThB Associated Press 13 exclusively entitled to the use for publication of all news dispatches credited to It or not otherwise credited in this paper, and also all local news published herein. ^^ SUBSCRIPTION BATES Daily, per year Â· *'Â·"? Dally, per week Â· Â· V " * Outside ol Mason City and Clear Lake Daily, per year by carrier Daily, per week by carrier Â·" Daily, per year by mail.... .^..... ; .._.,..- *Â·Â«" 6.00 , 6 months, 52.25; 3 months, $1.25; 1 month ....... Outside 100 mUa zone, daily, per year. 6 months ........ $3.25 Â· 3 months ........ 1.75 Entered at tha Postoffice at Mason City. Iowa, as Second Class Matter Â· THE IDEALISM OF DR. MAIN TN LARGE measure Grinnell college, an institution of Â·*Â· higher learning developed on the prairies of Iowa along lines which challenge the attention and admiration of the entire educational world, will stand as a monument to the genius and character of John Hanson Thomas Main. In his unobtrusive way Dr. Main accomplished much for the advancement of education. To him education was a shallow thing unless it occurred in combination with character. It was Borne- thing above and beyond mere "knowing things." AHho an able administrator, with feet on the ground, Dr. Main's life philosophywas idealistic. The lofty precepts held up before the students oÂ£ Grinnell by him in his chapel addresses and in his campus contacts have been translated into character ia thousands of cases. How far his torch of service and idealism cast its beam one can only guess. Iowa loses a great scholar and a great educator in Dr. J. H. T. Main. ' No creature smarts so little as a fool. Â·--POPE OTHER EDITORS LOYALTY TO S. U. I. SOLIDIFIES T O AN amazing degree the faculty, student body and alumni stand solidly back of President Jessup and the state board of education in the attack, leveled at them at present. It can probably be said that university loyalty has never been as Intense or as nearly unanimous--certainly not since the athletic upheaval of 1929. An assault based on vlciousness and falsehood appears to have been the very thing needed to solidify sentiment, unfortunate and unjustified as it may be from any other approach. ' Indisputable proof of this loyalty was provided at Iowa City Tuesday during the course of the investigation. Occasionally Senator Baird of the investigating committee would break into the questioning to bring out somo point favorable to the university administration or administrators. At such times the listeners In the old senate hall would break into enthusiastic applause. Townspeople of Iowa City, as .well aa faculty members and students, made up that audience. An interesting and significant faculty appraisal of President Jessup is contained in. a letter which this week came to the desk of this writer. Some time previously tlie Globe-Gazette reproduced an editorial from the Marshalltown Times-Republican in which Presi- 'dent Jessup was held up aa "Iowa's most useful citizen." It was this that Inspired the letter, written by Prof. George W. Stewart, head of the physics department at the university, to Editor Moscrjp of the Marshalltown paper. A copy of tbe letter was sent to the Globe-Gazette because it was in this newspaper that Professor Stewart saw the editorial in question. The letter follows: Â· , "I noticed a quotation of your editorial in. the Mason City Globe-Gazette of March 21, on "A Useful Citizen." "I wish to express my appreciation of your clear 'v', mindedness in presenting this aspect of President Jes" "on to 'the-! AN OBSOLETE TRADITION Merrill Guffney in Waterloo-Courier: There is a college trauition, no cue knows just when it originated, that the Phi Beta Kappa never makes good in the,"cold" outside world; that the embryo success is the' "all-around good fellow" who never lets his studies interfere with his extra-curricular activities. The theory is extant outside colleges, also that the "grind" is "burned out" when he graduates and that the real comer is the fellow who knows everyone on the campus by his first name, but can't remember the name of the orator who said "Give me liberty or give me death." , The theory has resulted in a lot of pole-vaulters and fraternity presidents getting high-salaried jobs simultaneously with their diplomas. It has also resulted in too many collegians placing the importance of being a "glad-bander" above being a good student. The illusion is shattered by President Walter S. Gifford of the American Telephone and Telegraph company. Mr. Gifford' says that men graduating in the first tenth of their classes.have four times as many chances of getting into the higher-salaried groups as those who graduate in the lowest third. A number of corporations have standing offers with colleges to give good jobs to the best scholars. Perhaps the students themselves are beginning to realize studies mean jobs. Eighty per cent of the senior class at Amherst recently indicated that Phi Beta Kappa was prized ahead of any other college distinction. , A BOOK BOUMD IN-THE. SKIN OF A WO MAM- OWNED BY ASTRONOMER./ M.CAMILLE. PROSPEROUS Send yonr Intulry to the Mason City Clnbe-Oarette Information Btirtaa, Fl J. nankin, director, Washington, D. C, Inelosti * cents In coin or slumps for postage. EASTfcR ISLAND MIDDLE OP T14E PACIFIC ONCE. A-THR.1VINQ I S L A N D CONTiNENt" AND CIVILISATION WAS -SWALJ-OWE.D BY SEA AGES AGO -rfe OF OLD TE.HPJ.ES ARE', NOW . VJSIBÂ»__ Conyrleht. 1931. by Central Press Association. I n c .' DIET and HEALTH By LOGAN CLENDENING, M. D. Author of "THE HUMAN BODY" Er. clenoenlng cannot diagnose or civo personal answers to letters from readers. When questions are of general Interest, however, they will be tahn up. in order. In the daily column. Address your queries to Dr. Logan 'Clerttlenlnrj. care or The Globe-Gazelle. Write legibly and not more than 200 wordfl. . THEY WERE IN MINORITY Dubuque Telegraph-Herald: That band 1 of Iowa farmers that visited the capitol in Des Mpines recently to protest against compulsory testing of cattle for tuberculosis very evidently represented a very small minority of the farmers of Iowa. This is to be judged by official records of the department of agriculture at Washington on tuberculin testing. More cattle were officially tuberculin tested in Iowa in February than in any state in any month since the co-operative campaign to eradicate this malady began 12 years ago. Of the 1,274,913 tuberculin tests in an states that month, Iowa made 223,710, or nearly one- fifth of the national total, according to Dr. A. E. Wight, in charge of tuberculosis eradication for the U. S. department of agriculture, Washington, D. C. The remarkable achievement has received favorable comment by state and federal officials since it comes VALUE OP MEAT FREE DIET UNPROVED "THE EFFECT of meat on the body was discussed in 1 this column a few months ago when some new work on -the subject was reported. Since then a hot debate occasioned in part by the very report we discussed has been shaking certain portions oÂ£ the medical world. Since it is a matter o) immediate concern to a number of people, I will attempt to summarize the points made, without prejudice ,, ,, Son I wish to'assure you that the remark:"able character of this man. shows in his ability to be conspicuously useful in the manner you have described and yet at the same time to be an unusual president In the handling of his faculty. I do not know of any president in the United States who has shown and is showing better vision in the guidance of the destinies of the university or a higher grade of fundamental integrity in his treatment of his faculty. "The relationship of a faculty to a president is a most severe test of the ideal integrity of a president. I have been here all thru President Jessup's administration. He has a difficult task in keeping the faculty satisfied and yet doing his duty. Not once, during these years has a member of the faculty said to me that the president has lied to him to any degree whatever. "I am making these remarks merely to assure you that when you are considering the usefulness of President Jessup you can be confident that you are lauding a man of the highest integrity." What sane person believes that the faculty of the University of Iowa would be solidly back of President Jessup if he were the grafter and the czar that he has been pictured to be by his traducers? What sane person believes the state board of education, would be solidly baclc of the administration if in such hacking it was condoning crookedness or czar- like methods? opposition in some parts of the state, Dr. Wight explains. Herd owners in Iowa evidently intend to continue the present rate of progress. On the first of March, according to federal records, there were 700,000 cattle on the waiting list to receive the test. The campaign is also making excellent progress in other states, the records show. In Minnesota, official veterinarians tested 167,465 cattle during February, while Illinois showed 120,633 tests and Wisconsin 96,113. There are now 1,145 counties that have reduced the extent of tuberculosis in cattle to one- half of 1 per cent or less, thus placing such counties in the so-called modified accredited area. EARLIER DAYS IJclng n Dully Compilation ot InlerfflllnE I'ncU from til* "Ttvenly Years Ago" VllCB of Ilia Globe-Gazelle. 'APRII. 3, 1911" to either side. The basis of the controversy is the widespread and popular belief that meat is harmful to the body and that man is naturally a vegetable and fruit-eating animal. In spite of the wide acceptance of this view there is no scientific proof of it. What the modern investigators of the subject have tried to do is to show by experiment that either meat is or is not harmful. The result, unfortunately, 13 that at a time when the work is meeting with misguided rj r . Qenfienlns one large group of honest and careful investigators has concluded from their work that meat Is harmful, while an equal or even larger group or equally honest and careful investigators has concluded that meat in large quantities does no harm whatever. And there are even some who believe that meat is a necessary article of diet. Still others,-a small group, who think it can be used as an exclusive diet. ' The difficulty of investigation is that groups of people who eat nothing but meat and groups of people who eat nothing but vegetables--are not easy to find. Most people on earth, quite properly, live on a mixed diet. WE MUST LOOK AND PLAN AHEAD T HE best news in several months is that men are going back to work all over the country. The national unemployment committee reports that business began, to pick up in February and continued to pick up in March. Relief work in many cities is slowing down, because of fewer applicants for help. In Chicago the special relief agency which has been administering a 55,000,000 fund to help find jobs and give aid to the unemployed is being demobilized. The regular social agencies can handle what remains of the job, according to their decision. Meanwhile general business indices are mildly optimistic for the first time in a year. Steel orders are picking up, contracts for building, especially public works and home construction, are at the highest point for months. And the stock market, supposedly a barometer of business opinion, doggedly advances, a little at a time. There is abundance of money, and the Federal Reserve bank in a recent statement suggests to the banking world that the time has come to loosen up in its loan policy and provide funds for legitimate purposes. There is probably no reason to expect a startling recovery in a hurry. It is the crashes that come with sensational abruptness. Recovery after a crash is a long, slow process, with gradual improvement, occasional setbacks, and periods of marking time. It-is like convalescence from a serious illness--the danger is past, the crisis over; the patient is getting well, but strength comes slowly. Now is the time when the nation's intelligence, freed from the necessity of concentrating on emergency relief, must bend itself seriously to the task of analyzing causes and preparing preventive measures to guard against a recurrence of the depression in a few years. The atmosphere is right, now, for such a study and formulation of plans. Everybody has been thoroly schooled in adversity; the painful scars of depression are still smarting. When good times have definitely arrived the spirit of heedless optimism which marked 1929--until October--will be back again in the saddle. Before that time arrives much can be done; much must be done if our economic system is to prove I/AKES CHANCES FOK HOSPITAL, BRIGHTER Spencer News-Herald: As our communities put forward their claims for a new veterans' hospital, which is exp'ected to be located in Iowa, the chances for the Iowa Great Lakes region loom brighter. There seems to be no question but that the hospital will come Into northern Iowa, southern Minnesota or western South Dakota and the Iowa, lakes are near the center of this area. Senator L. J. Dickinson, in a letter to Secretary Leo C. Dailey at Spencer this week, said he had made a personal call upon 'General Hines of the veterans' bureau at Washington and the general suggested that within two weeks the allocation will be made to meet the needs of Iowa. "It was very pleasing to me to have him assure me that the hospital will not be located at Knoxville," Senator Dickinson said. "A new site will be sought and selection made from among the various towns now making application. After the various proposals are on file an inspector will be sent to Iowa who will visit the various locations and review all data submitted in behalf o f t h e same." BROOKHART'S DEFENSE OF RUSSIA National Republic: Senator Brookhart, Iowa, says that soviet Russia has "declared for economic equality as well as political equality." Just where does "political equality" fit into what the soviet masters themselves call a "dictatorship of the proletariat," but which Is, in fact, a dictatorship of a million and a half communists over 140,000,000 people? The very avowed nature of the soviet government and social system belies the ia'ea of "political equality." Would a system in Iowa which made every farmer in the state who owned as many as two domestic animals, a kulak, and disfranchised him, realize Senator Brookhart's ideal of "political equality?" Does a system under which a!I -tberty of speech and the press is admittedly suppressed confer "political equality?". As to the "economic equality," that Is an equality of privation, under which every citizen is a slave of the politicians in power, who control all property and means of livelihood. Naturally those who serve under such a system are not the equals of those who control it. Animals come to mind as examples. Somebociy in discussing it the other day pointed to the elephant as an example of a vegetarian possessing longevity. But immediately somebody else pointed to the crocodile us an example of a meat cater who also lives a long time. Meat tatingr dogs live longer than vcg'ctab/e eating rabbits. So there you are. Animals, anyway, cannot be taken as exact standards for men in this respect. The nearest we have to an exclusively meat eating race is the Eskimo. Thomas, in an article, "The Health of a Carnivorous Race," has reported that they show no more high blood pressure or Brlght's disease than other races. * * Â· Â· QUESTIONS FROM READERS Whether Mason City is to be on the baseball map this season depends on how liberally the commercial interests and others meet the committee on finances who will circulate a subscription list this week. The national pastime is not self supporting in cities o: Mason City's size and the deficit must be taken care of in the advance of the signing of a team. Charles City, Humboldt, Clear Lake and Eldora have notified President Cadwell that representatives from the neigh boring cities will be in Mason City Monday, April 10 to adopt a playing schedule, for the season. William Connor of Bloomington is anxious to again manage the Mason City team and is in correspondence with Mr. Cadwell. He can procure a number of good players if something is done at once. Miss Evolyn Marston showed the members of the two basketball teams and the subs from the high school a very line time when she invited the 20 athletes to her home on Stewart avenue for a social time. Miss Marston is a member of the girls' basketball team and as this Is her senior year and the time is getting limited for the senior players she planned a sort of previous farewell reunion and invited them down for the evening. The affair was n. patriotic one in all respects from the red and black cards of invitation to the high school colors on the pennant shaped tally cards on the tables. In spite of the disagreeable weather the guests had ample foresight to undergo a lew hardships to be present and there was no vacant chair. The guests played cards for awhile and then they changed to dice hearts, Miss Mae Riley winning first honors and Walter Martin, the consolation. A delicious two course luncheon was served and the guests departed with many words oC praise for their hostess The guests were: The Misses Katharine Farrer, Sarah Dunn, Laura Beecher, Mac Riley, Helen Hasbrouck Irene Reynolds, Helen Kelly aul Captain Ruth Avery and Messrs. Howard O'Leary, Raymond Weston, Bobbie Chambers, Walter Martin, Earl Lchrnann, Ralston Potter, John Hobbs, Louis McFadden, Charles Q. When la the Kentucky Derby? K. S. A. On May IB. J. How can the ago ol a fish be determined? M, H_. A. By microscopic examintalon of thhe scales and microscopic examination of the bone in the car. Q. What kins of wood is deal? S. R. A. Fir or pine. Q. Into how many races Is the human race, now divided? C. B. A. The whites, yellow-browns and blacks. Q. Was the original LJbcrty Bell lit the Panama Pacific exposition at Sun Francisco In 1915? S. D. A. Yes. Q. How many children took part In lost year's safety essay contest? D. II. A. Between 650,000 and 700,000. Q. When did California begin to produce oU? C. H. A. As eairy as 1887 but it was not until 1912 that It became a factor among producing states. California now produces 24 per cent of the total oil production. Q. How does prison population compare with that ot 1910? O. B A. In 1910 there were 70,430 in federal and state prisons; in 1329 124,823. Q. Are people ever killed by hall stones? E. N. A. Yes. In one hailstorm in In dia, 250 were killed. Q. Was Washington considered a good horseman? C. W. A. He is said to have been a mar velous horseman. - He was a bl man, weighed probably 230 pound, so rode a horse built to carry bin One writer says: "I nave seen som highly accomplished riders, but no one oÂ£ them approached Washing ton; he was perfect in this respect Q. How old is tho Andrew C;t negio Hero Fund? H. S. A. It was created in 1804. Q. When was the umbrella In- cntcd? H. S. A. It is a envelopment of the ovable canopy used In the Orient om ancient times in ceremonial recessions for persons of rank. It as introduced into England from .aly early in the 18th century. Q. Who were the men choson by [. G. Wells as tho great lights In Istoryt W. W. A. Jesus of Nazareth, Buddha, Vsoka, Aristotle, Roger Bacon, Abraham Lincoln. Q. At what ago do most of tho enths by drowning occur? H. S. A.. Drowning resulted in tha eath of 8,474 persons in 1928. Over ne-thlrd of the deaths occurred in lie age group 10 to 24, and 56.3 er cent were of persons under 25 ears of age. Seventy-three per ent of the deaths from drowning icciirred during the five month lerlod beginning with May and mding with September. Q. What per cont of a hotel's gross Income should bo paid for ent? E. G. M". A. This percentage is based upon i number of things. First, whether .he building Is new or old; second, 'iscol conditions of the equipment; third, the tariff or rates; fourth, the volume of business, and fifth, whether the lessee or lessor furnishes the hotel. The percentage of an average modern hotel should not exceed 15 to 20 per cent if the lessor furnishes the hotel and 10 to 15 per cent if the lessee furnishes the hotel. Q. What boat was first to go thru the Panama canal? W. H. A. The Crane boat "Alex La Valley" on Jan. 7, 1914. Q. What Is the correct pronunciation for tho word "Cimmarron?" F. B. M. A. "Sim-er-run," accent on first syllable. BO-BROADWAY N EW YORK, April 3.--Channing Pollock, playwright and lecturer, believes the day of sophistication in the American theater is about over and that the critics don't know of a person iy danger, from W 'T have been given some belongings Â· * who died of cancer. Is there any d their use, of contracting the disease?" Answer: The answer can be quite positive in the negative. T m "Is there any help for a person who is sterile? *Â·Â·Â· It means my whole life." Answer: Many treatments of sterility, both in men and women, are known and practiced by reputable physicians. The treatment must be adjusted to the individual case. Advertising physicians and those who announce on the radio should be avoided. Etllfnr'B Note: Six pamphlets by Dr. Clcndcninu cnn now ho obtained ty sending 10 cents In coin for cnch and A. sclf-ad- ilrcaucd, stamped envelope, to C r. Lo^an Clenilenlnp, in en re of thla paper, or Central Prcas Association, 1435 Hnst T w e l f t h street, Cleveland, Ohio, Tne pamphlets arc: ''Indigest!tin and Constipation," "R educing and CalnlnR," "Infant Feeding." "IrstruclEons for the Treatment of Diabetes," "Feminine Hy- Kieno" and "The Care of the Hair and Skin." Fellowship of Prayer A Daily Lenten Feature Presented in Co- Operation With the Federal Council of the .Churches of Christ in America JUST FOLKS Ry EDOAR A. OL T KS1~~ Copyrighted 1031 THE INTERCESSOR (Rend Lulce 23:27-28. Text, Luke 2S:S4). Then sntd Jesus, Father, forgive them; for they know not whnt they do. At first sight this might' seem to apply only to the rough Roman soldiers, who were, of course, ignorant, of the character of their victim. But on closer study it is evident that the prayer applies to all who were responsible for the execution of Jesus, It goes to the heart of the scene and is most revealing of its meaning. The Innocent is suffering for the guilty, even for those who are causing His anguish. In despite of all, He loves them still, and prays for them. No resentment stains the splendor of the cross. Love triumphs over pain and over savage injustice. "He made intercession for the transgressors." Prayer: O merciful Father, on this day when we commemorate the sufferings of our Lord, we pray, that Thou wilt subdue all anger and hatred in our hearts that the love of Christ may find room. In His name. Amen. PILATE SENDS HIS REPORT "Boy, send to Caesar a report OÂ£ this day's happenings in the court. I am too tired myself this night With clarity to.think or write, But say that one of my decrees Â· Was ordered solely to appease A public clamor and to save The Roman cause from dangers grave. "Barabbas! Yes, they'll want to know At home why I should let him go, There was a rebel, cruel, bold, We had instructions him to hold For death, and now to set him,free Will bring the wrath of Rome on me. Take care to have it plainly show The citizens would have it so. "That soft-voiced Jesus troubles me. I told them that I couldn't see, And don't see now why He should die; Yet they would have His life, and 1 Was powerless. Boy, -make that plain. They set Barabbas free again. It was not I, but they who chose Christ as the greater of their foes. "Tell them at Rome, that a!! is well, And now we'll have a breathing spell. The town 13 calm. In this affair I find approval everywhere Of my decisions. Those who frown Are but the riff-raff of the town. Altho the incident seems queer, I'm sure no more of it we'll hear." Crumb, Harold Wiley and Captain Harry Swarner. L. H. Woodward, assistant superintendent of manual training in the city schools, was able to leave the hospital yesterday where he was operated on for appendicitis and went to his home. He is improving as rapidly as could be expected. Thomas Daly will erect a flat building on North Main street between Mania and Twelfth streets, the contract having been let yesterday to L. B. Stratton for approximately SKI.OOO. The statement made that this was to be a p l u m b i n g shop as well is an error as it \vill be equipped for living apartments only. Choice homes for .sale in any part of the city on most any kind oC payments. See Youngblood. Miss Helen Beemer entertained a dozen of her young friends last evening at her home on East Kighth street at an evening- party. The guests came attired in holiday garb and for a couple of hours the games and various forms of amusement kept them busy. At the conclusion the hostess served a. dainty lunch. The guests were: The Misses Lois and Gladys Bate, Leona Grincr, Nellie Hay, Mabel Eberharl, Ruth Shay, Marie Gale, Marie Bell and Harriet Cotton. The Baptist young people enjoyed a very profitable and pleasant time last evening when they were entertained at the homo of Mrs. A. B. Hunkins, Superior street. The forepart of the evening; was devoted to business and later they shifted their responsibilities and had a fudge party. The city council met last evening again as a board of review. It is the opinion of those who have been connected with the work of the assessor and the review boards that there will be very few changes this' year in the valuations ns returned by the assessors. The assessors were very careful this year and the estimates placed on new buildings in the main call for few changes, it is said. Mrs. Ralph Stanbery and her mother, Mrs. Klemme, the latter of Belmond, left this morning for Decorah for a visit with friends. it. Pollock's latest play, "The House Beautiful," is a tremendous success, according to its author, despite the janning it got from Tammany Town reviewers. "It just shows that the critics are entirely out of tune with the real desires of the American people," Pollock says. ' "The theaters today need glamor and romance. I lecture to an aggregate of 500,000 people every year from Maine to California and I can tell you the tide of indignation against Broadway is mounting rapidly. That is what has killed the road--not movi competition, as most theater peopl like to think." R IGHT EITHER WAY---Edwan Dean Sullivan, author of "Chi cago Surrenders," and "Rattlinj The Cup on Chicago Crime," i spending the spring in Holtywoo wising up the innocent movie foil out there on "devilment." What motion pictures need among other things, says Signo Sullivan, is not necessarily mor crime, but certainly better crime He may mean the acting or h may be referring to the scenarios Either or both, we second the mo tion. W E P ELL, THAT'S AN. IDEA--A New York woman with tired looking blonde hair and washed out By JO.SF.ni VAN RA.VI.TE ~' lue eyes stepped from her studio le other day to execute some eighborhood purchases. On her vay back she tuot she'd take In a novie. When she got home she found hat, in her absence, a man from he telephone company, assisted by Jie superintendent of the studio luilding, had entered her rooms and ihanged Sier telephone from the ild-fashioned kind to a dial. The workman had left before tha _ob waa complete. When he rc ~, :urued next day the woman Â£ae.t"~ lira armed with her husbam^iiS . _ Army Colt. She leveled this at hihi and said: 'Remove that new dial and restore my old phone. If you don't I'll fill you so full of lead you'll be worth a dollar a pound!" The workman called up the company mid explained the situation. "All right." said his boss, "use your own judgment." Discussing the matter later, the woman said: "There is really no public utilities problem In this country;" W HAT CHANGED HIM?--"I've never married because wives are a. burden and freedom is my aim in life," says George White of "Scandals" fame. Some years ago, in the Cosmopolitan magazine there appeared an interview with the same Georgie, In the course of which he admitted that one of his youthful ambitions had been "to be kept by a. woman." Ahem I Who's Who and Timely Views PREPARATORY EDUCATION URGED BEFORE RAISING EARLY AGE OF MARRIAGE By GRACE ABBOTT Chief, Children's Bureau, U. S.,Depnrtmcnt of Labor. Grncc AbTftt was b u r n at (irand island, Ncbr., Nov. 17, 1S7R- iilic altcntJerl Grand Islam! collefie, the University of Ncbrnalm, Rtid the University of Chicago. ymm 3699 to 3902 unil 1003 lo 1007 she \vna a tcachur at Grand TalanJ high ncnool. Shu waa dlnxilor of the immJgrnnt'H Protective leasue from 100B to 1017 (luring \vliLch lime Hhe wna n resident of Hull House, Chicago, fine entered the federal acr- vlcÂ« In 191T and la now chief ol the children's bureau, department of labor. Shc'hag written a hook on Immigration. YOLTRE THE JUDGE J AMES P. JACKSON, SR., held a claim against the Mills company which he was eager to collect. But Mr Jackson had no desire to lay out any money in litigation. Indeed, he bar! no money to lay out. So he fell upon an idea and at once set about to put it in motion. He went to the office of a certain partnership of attorneys and made them an offer. He was willing to pay one-third to one attorney and another third to the partner, in consideration for which the first attorney waa to prosecute tiie case and the partner was to pay all the costs of the case incident thereto. The first lawyer took the claim to court and got a judgment against the Mills company. Mr. Jackson then settled with the company. But when the lawyers came around for their thirds, Jackson refused to give them a settlement; whereupon the lawyers turned around and filed suit against him. Hnw would you eiecitle this case? Make up your mind before you read the decision. The flcclfilnn: Tht court held the lawyers. The Judi;ea rennoned (bu An attorney may make an Agreement for contingent ICCH rr n letfUmnlo cnaracler from which lie is to receive A certain share of the money recovered. The law iloca not, however, nermlt n person hiwlnp, no Interest In (lie subject m n l l e r of a suit to become interpslprj In 1t nm] concerned in its prosecution, nnd an agreement hy which such rt person bears expenses ant! costs of litigation Is champerty and cannot Le enforced. IN THE UNITED STATES, as In 1 other countries, people tend to marry earlier in country districts than in cities. Thia phenomenon is largely a social one. In cities the development of manufacture and the introduction of women into wage-earning in- d u s t r l e s , t h e g r e at diversity of interests, better opportunities for schooling and f o r recreation, combined w i t h the pressure of an a d v an c ing standard of liv ing, all tend to delay marriage. By contrast, agriculture favors youthful marriage. A period of industrial depression immediately lowers the marriage rate, but industrial recovery brings a corresponding increase. In our regulation of marriage we began in most states with the common law which permitted marriage at 14 for boys and at 12 for girls In 12 states--Colorado, Florida Idaho, Louisiana, Maine, Maryland Mississippi, New Jersey, Rhode Island, Tennessee, Virginia and Washington--if their parents con sent girls may still marry at 12 anc boys at 14. Two of these states Louisiana and Virginia, fix this ag by statute, while in the other li there Is no fixed statutory mini Grace Abbott mum age and hence the common aw Is still the law. In some of hese states the common law age of marriage has been confirmed by court decisions. While the facts as to the physlo r ogical aspects of child marriages lave not been completely assembled, .he weight of evidence i3 that full bodily maturity, their adult height and weight, is not reached for many girls until 18 and for many boys intil 20. That they should not undertake the responsibilities of parenthood until maturity seems reaÂ« sonablc. The girl who marries very young, a man usually much older than herself, passes under the tutelage of her husband and frequently never acquires tho independent outlook and resourcefulness that she would! lave had, hod marriage been postponed until womanhood. There is some opposition to raia- ing the marriage ago lest it may; result in complicated moral situations. Those who meet these cases In the juvenile court and in institutions often favor some possible exceptions in special cases to the age established by law. Most of those who issue the licenses and those who handle the problem think the ago should be slowly raised in states which have a low age at present. They emphasize a slow raising of the age because they think any sudden and considerable advance In the age minimum without preparatory education of the community would, do little good and might do great! harm.