The Evening Post from New York, New York on July 18, 1818 · Page 2
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The Evening Post from New York, New York · Page 2

New York, New York
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Saturday, July 18, 1818
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Farther extract Irom Loodoo paper to th 30th 4 May inclusive, received t Ih office of tbe . Jtew - Tork Evening Pott, by the packet ship Pacific, captaia William. . v , - Queen 6tA Aqr. t esterd&y her Majesty cuuptetea ntr 7410 year. '. LONDON, Mh 3. , . W ar tafbrmed by correspondent iron tv broad, wat tlx disputes about territorial ar - rangemenU between th kin of Bavaria and the . rraad dukaot Baden, are not likely to h set - tied until th - meeting of tb high allied sov - reixM thatautama. Our reader will recollect, a vary animated and interesting cerretpondenee tnok nlars. a dun bat unu. between the oar. tie at issue, ia cousequeuce of the avowed pre tentions of the king of Baearia to part of the Baden domiuioos., The letter that passed on that object, appeared to us of so delicate ana conn - 4eotial a nal that at first w had tome doubt as to their authenticity ( but w are informed by oar correspondent, that the letten in question actually passed, and that their imertion in tbe public priot La Geroiany, anay be atcribed to tb circumttanc ol the cabinet of Munich having communicated the document alluded to, to the foreign eoroy accredited at that court. The agricultural report from every quarter) of the continent appear to be of the most flatter - j Jog description. Ever sioca tbe beginning of April the weathor hat been uncommonly warm ; 1 1 '11 AfMaaAm ih. frn '.I n set, and the corn it mostly in ear, and promt - 1 aei an abundant harvest. The price of corn baa fallen rapidly. " For theie thirty year past," ayi an article from Vienna, u there hat not been a more fruitful and productive harvest and vintage in Austria t ban we hare reatoo to expect tbU year. Already, on the 5th of April, w had everywhere ia our field, even those where tnow lay last year at to tame tunc, the finest canon tbe corn. The vine have already ihoots tix tnchtt long. Our apricots arc a large as small hen' e??s and the trees heavily laden with fratt. The price of corn fall in an extraordi nary minimr." Ktttidwco - ptK corsespondent hat made the following curioui calculatioa of the number of rtiangrs this wonderful instrument will admit: Supposing (ht says) .the instrument to cootaio 0 small piece of glass, eic. and that you make 10 changes ia each minute, it will take the in - conceivable space of 462,fl80,B99,576 years and 380 days to ro taroujh the immense variety ot changes it is capable of producing : amouutina; (according to our frail idea of the nature of tbiugs) to an eternity. Or it you tate any it mall pieces, and make It) changes 111 each mi Bute, it will tliea take 33,264 days, or 91 years and 49 days, to exhaust its variations. Howe ver exaggerated this statement may appear to tome, it u actually th case. LONDO.V, May 23. We repeat tbe statement we published on ia - trjruay, mat toe Dauness 01 parliament win oe terminated about Saturday week, when a prorogation is expected, tad the dissolution to follow about th Sth or lOtbof June. But it must be obvious to oar readers that Imy intentiou of dissolving parliament at that time may be changed. Much aiust depend 00 her majesty's health. LONDON, May 26. The depression of tbe funds can be accounted for without reference to our foreign relations, wiiicb happily give not tlic slightest unessints. The eeueral election, expected soon to take place, uiuully draws about two millions of money from Ue capital into the country, where it it spent and circulated, returning again to the me - trnpoht with great increase, aftt - r having animated the industry of the whole kinidoui. Hence a London Bunker of txnsive country connections liavinr nreviouslv sold for account Yesterday, 6l delivered a million ot stock, be receiving ttie money The fund in conteqiwnce fell to 1 - 8 3 A. It is probable the y may yet sink lower should Hit - drtti.jutim immt'iiuuiy taae piaee, a point not el. we b Hie. anally settled, rears lor the ifeol tt.v Quctn libv - r.lto an unfavorable effect. tier miH - iir doet nol, indeed, bold any, wrutt is called uWiticht ulfice 1 Lxit it would b in disre gard to the f - eliiu, 01 nature, lo suppose Uiat e no has to cw wi a me nigntti lemnie station in Hie state, wb j ha I'd so lung, so virtuous a We. pr - .tetrtng Ih public morals by ber conduct ana eiaraj'ie, earning gnuiu ic ur unumiinKii; ep - rt every where; it would be in disregard to t'ie uupubes 01' nature to suppose that such a peri'mage enn retire without tue stteinofwbicb be is j prominent a part, hi 11 g expoiedto change. Of the probable di - : .lution of Farlia - m nt, uiid tbe Queen' illness, Uic ui u.ied men int'iecitj - pre di'poied against the luuds, dexlcrou:y taken advantage ; hut we air happy to kimw tliat every thini; with rttett to our externa! relations, niid inter.. M con litin, wears the iiu ttsilf factory and prosperjus jpp - araiw. Trndt and couiru - r e, both extruul ttir.l iiiUt - nal, daily augn eat ; anrl tile n venue iOipr''Vc nt raj - idly as ti.e in ft tanguuie can txct. lie - ' fore a new TuMuim - nt meets, the fundi will pro - bly be iiili - r tnan thry imve htea tinct - peace was sigued. There it uutbiiig iu our political ;i tu'j'iou gainst lliem. sure writing tbe above we bate rectivnd tbe rollawiug iioui the cny : - ' THK CITt. 1 rV,o k. " This is tell ling tlhy at the Mock K.'!k.di . One'rahle de.'iiulter has bet n dei:laieil. The iuiiJs remaiu steady, l'iie general ojnuuu appear tole very favourable lira rise. A iljui'iurgli mail arrived last nigUt; the contents of which are as follows : HAMhURGlf, May 18. We hwe received from Algiers the following interesting and remarKable accounts : I.C.Urfiom .i Igiert, Marth 5. The pretest Dev. hous - io, is a good man ; he was one of the lour ministers, master of Uie horse, or, ht tliey here call him, " Chodia de Cavullos." and, on the death of the lute tyrant, was elected by the tiivau, which hat uot been t!i - cae fur theta 30 years, as the six Pacha, beUire Aly, were murdered by the rebeliiou soiditry. 'I hit election, which took place in the most p a id orderly manner, has been at tended with no bloodiheJ. nor has any one beeu baui.hej ; on tbe other band, several individual wh were banithed undor Omar Pacha, at disturbers of the puce, are rc;led, and have ob - taiued imixirtant offices. '1 ime must tlto w whe tber theie persnnt will take warning from th.: Iomoo tbey have already received, or will set on loot new conspiracies. The 1st of March, this year, the day of Aly Pacha' death, will be ever memorable in the annul of Algiers. 1 hat tyrant had still many ruinous projacts and ciueltics in contemplation, which wevc 10 have been shortly carried into effect, l b 11s there was found iu bis pocket book the following memorandum, written by himself : " The tttu - hter of the Ln'ljsh couful, a very prcttv an.l to:Mo girl, 16 years old, and tbe sisirr ol the D j'cb coauI, who is handsome and accoiU l, lij - J, h!l be earned by force out ol th - ir huiyes. compelled to change their rliioti, and to lie the liey's miftre'scu. 1 he dnuarhter f the Sp iui hc(Kinl, who is not to handfome, shall be watchtd and kr pt in reserve. The Eug luh consul, the 3(iauuih consul, aud a Jew, named rt. - nsv.iiion, who it nivter English protection. Wil ) bvl bceu abady com (t tie J to assume tbe wiioan, rnau no citl - aUtd " The day ix ths execution of this horrid plan ' WM ?ul The D' 1 emed to waver ifl his minJ, aud ilupoied to wait, till he saw whether ibe consuls would obmit to have their hotiKi (which aeci.nliiie to the trtlp mint.. Ciiidreil as bareni) bt olteo into and plundsr - eJ, or whether they would make anv riit .nr ia this li?t tae thev wire to be rut lo H taw clearlv that surh rroeltiee would not pa wUHojt noitc, and ai loft?n, "Thechri - - tiaos wi'l pro)ahlv com and b,irubard m a )ttl, but 1 hil! i:n n - torn tie ov p - re.1' Aly w& not destitute of temt ; but he wa - orn ti - ne - l!ke o. - ravir r, or like a fami - hed li - Kr or hysna : ai an earlier pari,! of hi liO. b had bta' csiSnei ia ih aid - hi - u ia the a al to ed is ly is t in I. 1 ., r cily. If t hal eoaUaued U Era, Uti fa 17 ppearanc that aH th ibrsiga consuls and the tow other European resident bere, would have bee pat to death. - r : .Tbe plague still earns off between 50 and 00 persoos daily, Lrlltr from Aleitrt, April 9. : Sine th death of Aly, there has been only one execution here H was that of hi brother - in - law, an Arab, of the name of Hadgi Musta - pba. and his brother, a yonth of 13 Terrs of age ; tbey wer both tortured for 14 days, in various ways, got no sleep, and algs was most severely bastinadoed. He received, fint, 1000 strokes, and after that, 4 or 500 daily . After be had received 4,500 in strokes, in this maimer, he wa - tnt home, where he dieJ two days after, and bit brother, who was treatod in the same man ner, shortly after. 1 be Turks reared this lami - ly very much, and hare therefore extirpated it. We daily tee here drunken armed Turks, iu troops of 6 or 12 men, roving about the city and the environs, to plunder the poor Arabs who are attacked by th plague. The plague has not increased here, tint it bat spread towards the wett, and extended to the two large towns of Orao and Mascara. The whole territory of Algiers svCers under this areauiul disease ; there are plenty 01 people to b teen in the streets. Upon a little ex cunion which I made on horseback, I met with an incredible number or graves, both on the highways and in the field. Iu two country hou ses, next mine, 17 persons have died, and only 3 remain alive. It is uncertain whether the Aljerine enrtairs ill go to sea or not ; people say, no ; however, the papers requisite for a cruise bave beeu de mands of tbe consult. How little reliance can be placed on AL'trine friendship, appears from an official notice uA published, according to which the govermnem has seized opon a Genoese r that was 1 y iujr in the harbor here, notwithstanding a'.l the remon strancet of the Sardinian vice - consul. This bri; has been scut to Alexandria, with pilgrims, who ar going to Mecca. LONDON'. May 27. I)rd Cochrane' new vessel lies in the lrv partoftlieComme'cia! dock, near Kotlicrlii'Jir. Mke U Of about 200 tons burden ; although she hat 3 masts, with complete polacre rigging, she lias also steam apparatus, so Ins lordship is prepared to make his own impet'ii when the winds deny it, or when be anil tliey do not agree. She is called The .YetA Pole, and. he name is inscribed on her stern, where also the constellation of the Hear is painted, the north star being on the Bear's tail. LOXOO.V, May"!. It appears th inhabitants nf Leipsir, or rather th booksellers of that citv, have determined, bv majority of 101 votes against 10, to permit only Christians to carry ou that trade, at their usu fairs. The Jews, in conic jueuce, have pub lished an address to their brethren, calling upon them to unite against this intolerant design, and petiiion the King of Prussia for leave to estab lish a fair at Naumbui g, to be held twice a year, Caster and Michaelmas. In this adJre, thev dwell upon the great advantage which Lcipic hat derived from itt fairs, and add, that those who carry ou the greatest traffic there are the Jews, who resort thither from Russia, Turkey, and all Europe. They corailain, with crrat justice, of a proc'.ding which would have tint better " the. darkest intolerance of ancient times.'1 We are torry to olerve, ki the present age, any remains of that persecuting spirit which bigotry and ignorance fostered f. - r many centu ries against this r ire : ami wo hope the Ki'z rf Prussia wi.l avail himself of au oi'i - ortuniU t show that he doet not participate in its acts, it the relict of a barbarous age, and consequent disgrace of a one. I he Tunisian squadron, which took refuse in Gibraltar, continues lo be closely watched an.! blockaded by a Portuguese sqM idron, con?itin of three frigate aud two galliots, whose vigilance represented a very mcotnmndui; to the barbarians. Oim of the - frigates remains constantly in tbe road, while ths rest of the squadron net tail every morning to cruie in the itraits. The I'onbiaiis will not venture to tail, fearing '.he result of an engagement with the Portuguese. GLASGOW, May 21. Ia (he number of .he New York Kvtninz Pott for the 1 Ho April, there appear the fiemet ol four Hundred Bankrupts advertising for the ben fit of ti e Insolvent Act Thi is a nielnnchnl) proof (arided to tlmt from the nuailivr rf tbe pooi New York) of ths rapid progrettof rupidity a - mHig the American ; who, while they p net tne easy iieaiis 01 i.ulependem e. are content to basard them lor the rhanre of obtai'iin rank a - bove their nti'ibuit fur their wealth. VKH'.Y .KK r.t ;.V,Vr3 P JST. SATU11DAY, JUL.V 1'J .V0117111 tnitcTH. I tc l i'iljwing article is takeu (r un the last Kiulimon 1 Cnqnircr, with an introduction by the rdilor of Uiat pa;):r; to lotli which we heartily tuh:i ibs. We have never beeu able to view the a' lack ou I'ttmcola iu any other iigbt than is i.ere considered; but had we made it the tubject of earlier censure, we mi;ht I ave incurred tbe chargo of watch ing for an opportunity to make a vital atl..i k on a lending measure of the adiuiuistra'.ioi. But no iv, when its own friends find that they ca.i no longer stand justified in withholding their re probation, we trust we thall uot be amued cf unfairness in extending 'he circulation of oj;in ious iu which we entirely coincide. From tUe Iluhmnnd Enquirer, July 1C. General Jatl$on. Many ncwqvipiMS of the United state", ari ronim out 111 the most uu lualilied terms ol pnn. - e up:u the whole ( 011 duct ol majnr - genrrul Jatk - on, and r'lorida ?ome Mho admit the occu;iati'n e.l I'eu u ol 1 to be an ucl of vnr a;amt .Sp.un, are yet willing In support il ; some, because we want the Fio ridat; others, because wo have suffered wront froai Spain, which they are wiliin, i;i this way, lo bring lo an ndjurtment as oou as possible. ooms Ju - tily him tijion one ground, and mmie upon another. Under these tin uuistnnccf, we give place to another view of the question, Irotu the pen of (.uris. Win: we at liberty to men tion his name, it would be unnecessary for us to say, rwic tcurllty he is of being hiriir.l. Uc a - grce with Cin, tlret Prn;acola oyht to be im mediately rctlond to ths Spanish authorities. The acts of tbe commanding olVrr, so deeply iutei et'.ing to tbn honor mid peat e ct this nation, ought not lobe pasd over tieranje they are the acts of general Jatwon, or b'rau?e th':y relate to inch a nation as n No:wi'litanding his AurA character, crber luie one, our 'overnmcut oi - ht to weigh the whole matter carefully, and act accordingly. To the y.dilorof the Enquirer. Sir The capture ot Pensacola, and the fort of Barrancas by cenera! Jackson, the dirposses - iou of the pauis.i authorities there, and the ev - lal li.haient of a temliirial government with a military commander at its bead, n1 of a custom house under the laws of the United States, are acts of such an extraordinary character, that ;hiy hive astonUhed the propia This is a direct attack on paia. It it an act of ptain and palpahle WAR. It must and will be viewed by Hpain aod the other powtn of Europe a a proof that this republic is governed by a ;ratji:igand Juminant spirit ot amhluoa, which in it anxiety to enlarge our territory, overlookj nj tkie claims and the r - osfesuona of other ontioas. !t will be viewed as aa act of 1'Ett.riUlf. It an only a few mwutas siac,' a that onr lecrtfrry of stats Jeclarsd toft mlnis - U of Spain, that wa wer attached to peace, andthal having for fborlecn; years bptne wilh patience the insults and wrongs beapt (fea us by Spain, w would still bear the vexatious delays of that nation, until a sense of justice should return to her. rather than retort to war. The de - claration was hardly . proclaimed to the world, before oar mdittry commander make, war, cy seizing on one of ber provinces, and usurping it government. Does not this conduct look like i'alian duplicity .' Can bigh minded Americas reconcile it to themselves " Heretofore in our contest wilh other nations, it has been our boast that we had justice or our tide, and "Ibrirt is he armed, who bath hi quarrel josl." U.ut we caun'it now make this boast. Our major general has placed us entirely in the wrong. In hi ceneral orders, eeneral Jackson de clares that the United States are not actuated by a hostile disposition towards Spain, nor by a uesire to extend onr territorial pos - esirjus. This declaration will be contrasted with the fact of our taking possession, of an at joining territory by fo - ce of arms, in time of profound peace, and will not be believed. He places it on the ground of self defence. After beating the Scminoles in our own country, and ui t Ion - da, with the power of beating them again and at all times, can it be pretexted tlut self preservation required that we should over throw the Spanish government in Florida, and seize upon their territory .' It is clear that Spain han great retson to complain of the conduct of general Jackson, but in my humble opinion the people of the United .States hate much greater reason to complain of that conduct. Tli congress of the United States alone have power tu declare war. The people and the states would not trust this great and awful power to any other tribunal than tle,ir own immediate representatives. In the present inst ince this power h s been taken from them. Uici the president authorize general Juckson to take possession of t'en.s.icnla, Hnd the government of West Florida? If he did, he has ceriuinlv usurped the legislative functions, aud for his conduct he nuyt answer to the people This ca - e has been likened to the capture of Amelia Island. Hut they are not parallel cases. That act was justified on the ground of the law of 1S11 w hic h authorized it, but here there is 110 uch authority. It the plea of sell dele ce is a sufficient excuse in the pre - cut instance, that plea ouelit to have been judged of not by general Jackson, nir by the president, out the congress alone. That is the only tribunal, which had a right to say that it iain ci - ss.i y to take possession of Florida, to guard us against the ravages of the Seminole9. I cannot believe that the president has authorized this conduct sf the general. I cannot believe that col. Monroe would do an act by which hemavfiifeitall claim to the love and veneration of his country men 5 1 cannotbelieve that under the co er of the republican agis, lie would undeimine the? authority of the peo - pie's 1 epresentatives. Ifl could believe it, 1 should say that he has given a more fatal blow to onr republican irovemment than anv nresi - dent we have ever had. or than could posibly ba e been expected from a man who was elevated to his high office, because of hi unde - viating ai d inflexible support of republican principles. I must then believe, until the enntrarv be shewn, that general Jackson lias acted without orders If to, in what a situation are we plac - ed i The peace and welfare of this country subject to the controal of, and jeopardized by, self willed military cummander! ! . Theser - vices, great as theywere, of the hero of New. Orleans, are but a poor compensation for the toss 01 our noerir : What, under present circumstances, must be made to ipe out this stain upon our na tional character.' I see no oiher alternative than restitution and reparation. The re - deli very of the province to Snaiii, (unless by a prompt negotiation we can fairly retain it,) and the arrest and cashiering of the officer who has done the wrong. , LIT IS Some person in th Boston Chronicle haviog undertaken to defend the Act imposing vexatious aud unnecessary duties on the merchants, against the well founded and well expressed (trie. tures of A Merchant, which we republished last week, hat drawu forth the following shrewd, eti.ible, aud neatly written reply in the lait Boston Daily Advertiser. A writer in the Patriot, under the signature of Conrf'.iir, tas favoured the public with some tniunllt ttnetiires c.u the "comiiMintsot a Mcr chant,'' iu the Daily Advertiser, and Boston Uon.nier: ;al itaziVe J Il A Merchant has testified more " indigua tion" lhai befits the subject, he has the cousola tion to brlieve that thai part of the community wno suiter in rnu.mon witu fumsell, will find an rnltijy for bis "impatience." From those tcAo r:ic ni ; lofihe burthtns ofirJiich he tomjilavii. he ran Mtpect les iululren c, It i' atprehciid d by 'Candour,' that the cases put l y A Merchant are not wholly warranted by (he terms of the act, a id he i." tol I, fiat, in t'ie case of " the fruit fpm M. Michael," any ir. II xnjnrvxri lawyer would easily extricate huu f em his trouble ' vVc must candidly confess that this"bppv ex pedicnt, a resort t thelawvc, bad never occur red to ns. We had always hc'.i - ve I, and it seems very fwuishly, that the Collector wa - the expositor as we.ll as tho executive injtrumrnt of the law ; nut once perceiving that it was iu the jiower of the attorney to him vry from what he nn.'ht consider tu strict hue of h - .lR - inl duly. It was under this d - lusion that the writer stated so the Collectc, not hiptt - iral'y, but us one ol actual cxitnr, t'ie - 'Le ise of "the fruit from 6't. .VirhaeU" ; and ftoai the answer he received, he was confirmed in the belief, that the f.M - uialitits stated in his former communication were rendered ir.du - pmnble by Ihc terms and construction of the Inw. It is to be regretted that tho writer in th Patriot had not. gmlmtniuly, havn afforded us the clue of extrication from tint labyrinth in which we have found ourselves involved. It m;;ht save much " trouble," and, o livryrrt trlinm cu e adrice trtlhuut Jets, uo incou - s'.derat'te expense to our merchant. " The interruptions of busine?," by the injunctions of tbe law " will be obviated," it is said, "when the modes of doing business shall rorresjiond with the new oet, Listead of continuing in the course of the old one : - That "the merchant who antiripitct the process to wh - ch the destina'inn of different pari of the cargo .: 1 1 - ..l.: - ,.. k: it 1 . 1. . .... will subject him, will learn the necessity of eiving copies of hi invoice at the time rf jiV, and that he will Uiusdoin one or fire ris - .ts to live Custom House, vital fiom uanl of turh arrange - mtnf. May indeed subject htm to imichtroubie.n How, I would humbly ak, are the iuterrao - tiont to bntinese to be obviated by eivinjj copies of the invoice, with each packaje, at the time of. sale rattier than at the time or exportation .' Doet thit multiplication oi labour exempt the merchant from the nece'ity of rejiairing to the Custom House whenever he u called upon f The re medy is worse than the disease. Instead of fur - nutiing a copy of hi invoice trften occasion mty require, he mutt make out a many copies in the first instance as he has parknges to sell, deliver then to each porchnser, whether th pool may be contained in this or whipped to another district, and thut bind himself, by implication, to appear on the stand with his original invoice, whenever he may be called to repeat th oath necessarily taken oa th entry of Ih good. W ar farther told that " trie law bat for many yean required csrti&rat lo accompany I etery cfc of tpiriU ami erery chest of te, A . ' . . r ...... n , j.. r.A WMUta tnotl iime int irvuvic vnu i j"' traitor to fndwith etery original arcge eofS - .. - 1 f ,, ll'l... l. the y lite enrnai istviic. writer of thene remarks, however be may be dualificd to expound the law, he discovers a to - j tal unacquaititance with mercaulilo business, when he attempts to show any analogy between the two rases. If be were a merchant, he would have known that ou the landjn? of a catk'of spirits or a chest of tea, the ifficert of the Customi alfix their marks and numbers to lb. - ' package or the cask, ajiitiat the Insoecier famishes, at the erptnst of the g 'Temment, a printed certiGi ate for each, to be handed over lo the purr baser wnrnever the goods mty be sold. Is the men hapt obliged to go to the Custom House and swear to the truth of each of those certijitattef If there are frauds which require every pack - ago of regular importation to be identified, why uot mark or teal them on their firal lauding, a iu the case of tpirils and tea? The burthen would then fall wlu're it ought, not upon tlic merchant hut the revenue. If it were enacted that no package thall be transported cottstwue thnt is not officially sealed aud marked nnd accompanied by a Custom - House reriifuMt, the trouble to the merchant would tie !.aved, and the treat and desirable end of the Uti vould be effecl'tally ansmered. Here is a remedy perfectly easy, giving more security to the revenue and much less ikmcontnirrce1 to the merchant. Another aud very important I enefit would result to the importer: his goods, thus marked with the teal of inspection, would be saved from the injury arising from the repeated handlings and inspections to which Lnev are now subjected. It is doubted bv no one that ti e interest of the merchant requires a fair and equal collection of the revenue ; that the duties imposed by the Government should bear alike on every importer, and that effectual restraints should be devised vnd executed w ithout the ii.fliction of unnecessary, partial aud inefficient burthens As the law now stands, one article of importation mav be carried from district to district without hindrance or molestation 1 a bale of duck may go free without invoices or Certificate ; a bale of sheetings, though imported in the same vessel, if unaccumpanii d by those documents is liable to sciure. Any ad - v Aa - rem goods if taken out of the original package or carried loose in a vessel are exempted from inciuirv: if theva' - e in anackaire thev are sub ject to arrest.' Was this fun tint operation of the law designed, or has il ari - en from a want of p netical knowledge 011 the part of the projector ? We are kindly informed that the medicine now in the process of experiment will in tiiue become less nauseous, and though it cannot he expected to tickle our palates at first, we may feel assured that ' its good effect a ill be discovered" and that it w - .ll " become more pupa - lur1 i 1 proportion to the quantity we are obliged to swallow. A MERCHANT. Weir of extet - ml at ion Gen. Jackson in his last general order dated 25 m.les w est of Pen - sacola, has directed capt. M'Girt to scour the country be'ween Mobile and Pensacola, "putting to ii'enth every hostile toarrior that may be liind, preserving tbe women and chiUlrcm and delivering them to the commatidiiig officer at Pensacola" It is reported that an alTuir of honor, as it is called, was settled at Hobnken last Thursday afternoon, between a gentleman from Charles ton, and another, a merchant from Montreal, and that the latter was shot through the knee. A few days since we published an account of a quarrel which took place at Notaway Court - house, in Virginia, between Dr. Dacon and Dr. Ha, in which the latter lost his life. The folio wing from the Richmond En' quirer which come to hand this morning, will enable the reader to understand what led to this fatal rencontre. " We uiiderstfttid that this deplorable evrnta - roseoutoi a prior difference exist rg between two other individuals, respecting a military ap pointment. Ihese two g'htleuien tiecume in volved in it ; one ol Iheui epoUc 111 disparaging crrus 01 the nth r ; both prepared (beiei - tlvcsici a rencontre by arniii g tlieiiiaelrts with dirks. Tbey met at Nottoway court home. Some words took place between them ; and they both drew their dirks, ft will require very critical tetim iiy, lo ascertain which of them gave the first blow ; several blow wtre. 'xi hanged, ' and liually L)r Hardaway fell. He lingered until the i'.ld.iv. The distress ol hit wile, who it in a most delicate tiiuation, di fie description. Dr. Ba ton received suierul wounds, but is tlowly re covering. Be I ore the company could ruli to 1he1p.1t, and separate the cnuibhtant. hiUh.ui danger ti themselves, the mortal blow was given it it impoiti'de fi r us to express our Jetp regret at so tragical an event." Having copied an articie on Thursday from the Albany Argus, which stated that Hamilton, who murdered Major tiuaLa'l, was an IrUhman, justice requires we tliould give place to the following contradiction. r'rom the .ilbany I'aiiy Jidcertiscr of Ju'y 15. Mr. Unci I have observed with regret, lhat in your account of the murder of major Bird - ell, you state the murderer to be " an Iri - hmtu by birth." 1 do nut perceive, sir, tbe necessity of making distinction of tbi - sort on such orr:aiun.., iiceaiit - e so long as mankind arc much the same iu all climates, it follow that there are iu all climates individuals depraved enough to commit murder aa well as cveiy other crone. I regret thcftatenii - m in an.lh. r point of view, a it seems to support an ill - founded rumour, which has gone abroad, that Hamilton is a Ivo - mau Catholic. I do not mean to say, that iri - h - men in geueral, or Catholic Irishmen in purlieu lar, are less depraved than men oi other countries or other sects of religion ; but as I brlieve tlieal equally free from depravity, wilh other nations or other sect" ; and as I am well aware that in this country, there arc ton many who cuter - tain strong prejudices painst the ln?h, aud particularly against Catlmiic, I shall be excu ed"il 011 thi - occasion I feel bound to repel the assertion that Hamilton is either au Irishman by birth or a llonian Cathohc in religion, so far from brine cither, he assertci immediately after he had couuiiittrd the fatal derd, that he was born in Cherry - ttreet, New. York, where his panot now resi le ; and on being a - ked by the Kevd. 1 , r' : . - . . i i. - i i . . . . . Hooper Cuminiu, whether he belonged to thn f - .iigmu or Koman CathoUc Church, he rephed, that he Dtlooged to neither, but wat a l'rt sl y terian. From his oxva lips, then, we Icaru the far t, that instoaJ of au Irish Catholic, ho ij au American Presbyterian, The?e aerliinj he made in presence of the gentlemen whose names I bare taken the liberty to state below. I mm. repeat that I consider these facts too trivial to be brought forward 10 thit way, were it not that your statement, Mr. Bucl, inconnexiou with the rumours above alluded to, is calculated to keep alive unfounded prejudices against tbe country - mea of .V.mtgomery, a well as tbe members of a church, which, whatever may have been it errors, has stood the shock of ages, and tlill remain firm on the rock of its foundation. iVeak and wicked princes may have made a political hobby horse of the Catholic Charch. at the same tort of animal have done with tb Protestant But the impartial enquirer, who read history, in search after truth, will find Uiat th oldest Christian charch 00 earth, ha not been more liable to delusion thin her younger sidcr, aad Uit amU and rin.ert re ncl the exxIoiiT. pro - J nrt r of cither. ' 1 oertr of cither. A - V AL.IIA.HI VyS 1 nuLio. Hev. H. Cummins, Wm. Caldwell, am nana . si nftM t f I). P. Clark, State - tt. Mr. Phelps police mar. Sheriff Hemptlead, Menry Hempstead, Mr Greenwood, P. Catsidy, James Carroll, laar uerniil, Mr. Moigs, Jnmet jVlstlwr, John Maher. from JVew Orleans Papers In the 2M of June. We are informed that the President ol the U. States hat declined interpoMii;; hit authority tq tuspend the sentence of William Wyatt, who w at convicted at the January term ot the District Court of the United States for this district, of the murder of rapt. Cornelius Dritcoll on the high seas. After tbe verdict ot' the jury was rendered, Wyatl' counsel moved an arrest of judgment on the ground that the indictment was detective, inasmuch at the prisoner wasoot declared in it to be a citizen of the United States ; that the description of the vessel on board ol which the offence was committed it a vessel of the U. Statrt was not tutlieicnt, hut that lo give authority to the court of the U. Slatet In punish offences committed out of their territorial limits, it wnt et - eiitial that the person offeiidii'g should be one whom they had a right to bind. To this it wat answered lhat Mfhough the right ol'a nation to punish was confined to olfencrs a - g:.inst the. nntion, yet olfi nee committed on board M an Anieiii un vessel, wen; necessarily I uni - btible, whether in the person cf a citizen or au alien. The motion in arrest of judgment was ' verrsjled. The crcunds of the motion and the opinion of the court'on, together with the wlinie evid. nee on the trial, were submitted to the president, in order that he iiiicht be the better enabled lo judeof the propriety ofexer - cisif g hit constitutional privilege tu extend a pardon to the culprit, lie has, however, not considered it at a case requiring such interference, and Wyatt it left for execution agreeably to hit sentence, on the i!5th of the present month. By a letter from Donaldsnnv'dle, we learn thai Jose Montamoia and Francisco Iloinan have been sentenced to death by the Judge of the Second District, for the murder of Denncs Hymes. Montamora was tried as principal and Human as accessory before the fact. Louis Roman, who was al - opi ivy to the murder, fled the country before measures were taken for his arrest. It appears that Francisco Human was proprietor of the ferry over the Fourche, and employed Montamora and another as boatmen There is reason to believe, from circumstances which were developed in the course of the trial, lhat these men had for two or three years past, carried un a regular system or robbery and murder, on the travellers who crossed the river in their boats. A - long the upper bank of the Fourche, fiom the place where it runs out of the .Mississippi, there extends a thick and almost iiripeneirable wood. For about half a mile into this wood Roman and his gang had cut a road, the entrance into which was immediately opposite the landing place, ami when they had a design upon a traveller tliey pointed it out lo him a atlbrding anih cut oil' to the high road on the Mississippi. Byrnes, after crossing the r'.vvr late at night, was enticed into this dark path, and murdered. The dead body being discovered by an Indian, suspicion fell upon Human and his gang, and thev w ere all arrested with the exception of Uaiis Koman. One of the! boatmen confessed the whole story, and gave: evidence against bis accomplices, who by this time have probably received the punishment lue to their crimes. In addition to Ins confes sion, there was other strong corroborative evi - deuce, which of itself would have been sufficient to produce a com iction. From the Columbian of lust etcning. Lav mltltigence. A cause was tried ou Tuesday aflcruoou, the 14th ini - t. before the astistant justice of the 3 1 ward, which X iwd considerable iuterest, and drew together a large and respectable aud.t ncc. It was brought by the corporation of the city, against messrs, E. .NV - cor i. Co. to compel them to remove the ornamental awnings which they had placed in front of their store iu C toad way. It appeared in evidence, that th defcndints had let down an awnim? from fateiiin's immedi ately beneath the windows of the third story of thfirstnre, and secured it at an rlevatiou of IG or iS feel lo the poplar trees in front. That tbey had been ordered by the corporation to remove it ; that they thereupon remonstrate J, and petitioned the corporation fur leave to continue it, which was refused, aud a peremptory order issued to remore the awning or make it conformable to the ordinance in three d ays, under the penalties of the law. That the defendants, uu - der the advice of their counsel, refused to obey this order. Upnu tln'to fact! the attorney for the corporation comeudeJ, that awuiugs could only be erected 111 the in inner out in the ordinance, via supported bv posts 7 feet hih, wilh a rmss rail 3 inches thick, aud if made in any other manner, althn - .ixh of a greater rlevatiou than 7 feet, the penalties of the law would at - tai h. The defendant's counsel contended, that the rase of the defendants was not at all wittiin the purview of tbe ordinance That the sole mischief which the corporation intended to remedy, was the placing of awnings to low as to iucoro - niodc pas - engem and they had therefore fixed the elevation of 7 feet, as a reasonable elevation for that purpo'o. That they hail not prohibited and could not lawfully prohibit awnings o( greater elevation, unless tin y became incumbrance? to the street. That persons occupying secoud and third stories of housos (for example) had ao ui.cnntrolable rL'ht to erect filial their windows awuiogs with horizontal supporters, which would he as manifest uonconfjrmitiet to the ordinances as the defendants' awning, but not being within the purvirie of the law, nor within the mischief to be remedied, the penalties of the law could uot be enforced against sue h persons. He also contended that there wat no penalty iu the law by non - conformity ; that the only penalties were, 1st. For leaving any post fixed in the side - walk after the month of November; and ?d. For ii' removing said posts when ordered by the street commissioners. That the defendant Uicd the trees lawfully standing before the store to upport the awning, at an elevation excredinir feet. That no order had been issued fa remove the pas's, and trees being used to support the awning, no legal order to lhat effect could be i. - sued. That as the law is a penal law, and "jives (he penalty ouly for not removing aiming p - tts, when ordered to remove them; and a the corporation hare not brought themselves w illiin the letter of the law, not hiving ordered the removal of the awning posts, they could not on that ground succeed a gain - 1 the defendant. That tor this purpose a new ordinance would be requisite, which he was latched could never pas, as tho whole neirtiborhood were then in court prepared to testify that the defendant's "nuing created no public or private inconvcn - ic tee whatever. His honor the Justice charged the jttrv, that in hi opinion the defendant' awning was erect. il contrary to law, aud the cor oration had a light to recover the penalty of The defendant' counsel thm desired the justice to infirm the jury that they were the judge of law and tact in this rase, aud were not bound by his interpretation of the ordinance, but had a right to take it wilh tliem tothe jtiry - rooui and ijterpretit by themselves. The justice thereupon informed the jury thnt they had this right. The ordinance wat then delivered to them, a:.d after an abteuce of 5 miuutet they returned a verdict for the defendaut. A. t'hrrrann, for ta Corporation Anthoo for trie Llelcndaol. From the Yational Jldtocate, of this moiling M. da's and coins. We have great satisfaction in recording aa act of ex trim Lbcrality on tie part of (he widow and hmrtoffie Iai0 Dr. Kon. who have presented to the Historical Society"!! this city, a valuable cabinet of coins and medal, collected with great care, and ia th course of Biany year, by the learned doctor. This dona uuu nas peculiar merit, as me collection it uxiuciy ii.'iJi 5 uaix tot riMioncai Society though wiih limited resources, would have put! cliaicd them, had the gift been refused. We cannot forbear, oa thit occasion, callin. the attention of our ailizen to the great dvan taget which would remit from having a full c. bintt of coin and medals they are collateral evidences of history, and are extremely awful j,, illustrating interesting epoch. There are ran,, travellers who return to their country with tom few objects of useful curiosity, and which, wifK them, are frequently of nn benefit to society. To advance science, and give an impure to hij! torical record, they should be presented to tint society, whose useful labour are tending to be - uifit the cause of learning, and where they ar ever objects for public inspection. At we know several gentlemen in this country to be possessed oftmall collections of Grecian, Roman and Po. nic coins, we cannot do better than to refer thera to this act of patriotic munificence, and tupeit an inula' ion of the example The furiowinvpro. cee lings of the Historical Society are recorded anJ pubiithed : wtw - Tonx iktititio;v. Htli July, isig. At a meeting of the jy. York Historical Society The vice president, Doctor Hus - ck, inform, ed the Society that he had had a conference with the family of the late Keverend Doctor Ktmze, professor of Orientl Literature in Co. lumhia College, relative to the purchase of the valuable and extensive cabinet of coins and medals that had been collected by this dUtin. ruished scholar and divine 1 and that the fini. ly sensible of the important designs of this In! stitution had, ith great liberality, presented the aforesaid cabinet to this Society, u best comporting with the object for which flieybul been originally collected : II hereupon retohed, That the thanks ofthe New - York Historical Society be .presented to Mrs. Kunze, and to the heirs of the Reverend Doctor Kunze. deceased, fur their very liberal donation of his valuable cabinet of coins and medals to be deposited with this Society u7o I'etotved, That the' family be requested to permit a copy of th portrait of Doctor Kunze tube tahen, for the purpose of being placed ever said Cabinet, to be distinguished aa " Ths Kunze Cabinet of Coins and Mi -" Resolved, That Dr. Ilosnck, vice - president , The Rev. Mr. SchacfTer, Messrs. J. G. Bogert, A. Bleecker, and J. Pintard, be a committee to wait on Mrs. Kunze and family with these resolutions Published bv order of the Aociety, JOHN FIN I AID). Re'g. SecV. Essex He. (ister Ot5ce,7 balem, July 16. 3 Arrived last even'ng, brig Anson, Lang, 3i days from Para. Left, June 10, brig Rose ius, Johnson, of Salem, for Martinique, in 10 or U days ; ship Sachem, Dr. Kugler, supercargo, from Pernambucn, fur Philadelphia, waiting cargo. Produce scarce and very high. A great number of vessels waiting for cargoes, chicllv Portuguese and hnirlish. Hour at Pa ra, fid per bid. Sell Mareellus), Adams, of Washington, N. C sailed for Martinique June 3 JNpoke. June 27, lat 26, N. Ion 6,' 30, V. brig Hannah, Maxwell, 13 days from Philadelphia for Ht Croix. July 2. lat 23, Ion 64, brig Charles, Foot, 15 days from Hath for New Or. leans. 5th. lat 31 50, N. Ion 65. VV. brig Sit - ry - Ann, Fitch, 5 days from Baltimore for St. Bartholomews 6th, saw the Bermuda islands, ling Alba, Groce, 45 days from St. Salvador. Lett, ship fisher - Ames, Taylor, from Newport, nncert.dn whin to sail ; brigs Nautilus, Percival, of Huston, do ; Diy - ide, Phns. mer, of N'ewhnrypoit, for Boston iitWdsft. Brig Kdward foster, Couibemy, of Boston, ttj. ed for Gibraltar, 16th May. June 29th, ht '24, N. Ion 60, W, spoke brig Hannah AT Kebec ca, Maxwell. 15 day from Philadelphia for St. Croix, all well. July 6, lat 31, Ion 64, spot sch (ien Jackson, Griffin, of New York, 9 dart from Charleston, bouiul tu Guadeloupe. DIED, Thit morning. Dr. Henry C. While, aged 49 year Hi friends and those of his falbtr Thomas B. White, uie requested to attend hit funeral tomorrow afternoon, at tix o'clock, from tho house of hit father, at Uie corner of Hudson and lleirh ttrcet. On Friday mornins, Mr. John Garlock, after a I'liij nnd painful illness, which he bore wilh chnMiaii fcrtitude. The member of Mortos Ledge, and the Masonic Brethren in general at requested lo meet at Masonic Hall, o 55 Nat - tau street, tomorrow afternoon, at 3 o'clock, to alteud hit funeral. A t.V.VO POST M.IRIJi'E LIST. CLEARED, Ship Virginia, Ridgway St. Croit Melich, Roger & Son Belle, Huntington Havn Schr New - Hope, Chase, Hotto Constitution, Travis, Frederickshurf Cyane, Edlund, Martinique JHUII'KU nilS fVREW.i.Y. Sch Antelope, Clements, 7 day from 8 vaniuh, with cotton, to order. Pas engers, Dr. niumcnau, J Brant, G Morris, and P Gary. Left sch Argo, for N York ia $ davs. Sch Paragon, Higgin, 12 days from French - mans Bay, with plaster Si passengers, to John Hrown Sch Aurora, Hall, 6 days from Boston, with rum, gin, wine, dry goods, Kc. to Wm. Smith, and others. . 5ch Clarisra, Burt, 6 days from Washington, N C. with turpentine to D & J S Brainerd. S - Maria, Brigs, 50 hours from Philadelphia, with dry goods, rum, mokitset, &c. L'Ho - roeJieau il Brown, Coliint & Co. C. Dub, Hicks k - W. Field, E. ft H. Averill, and otbn. Schr Marsartt Ann, Kingston, 3 day froB Norfolk, with hins!f to the master. Sloop Revenue, Eddy, 6 day from Providence, (U I) witli rum, molasses and limf, bound to Albany. . ', Sloop Ann Jones, Lath, 4 day from Prori - dence, R. I. wilh teas, Ice. to sundries. felonn Vhiorv. Howler, 6 days from Boht j bound to Albany. .vt.r. it,.!.. - , .C - Mart - Rnlrllff. 3 days n1 Philadelphia, wilh corn and produce to P YB Amringe. Sloop riough - Boy, Watkins, 3 day fro" Philadelphia, with brick, to P Care, jtm. Sloop George, Eldi idge, 4 day from PW - delphia, with Uour, to T Buckley & Son. BELOW, Ship Gen. Scott, from the Isle of May, ' I days fiom Cape de Verds, with salt, tor kins Ai Km. . Sloop Ranker, from Portland, gn.e to AmWJ" .Hi hit 1.1) I. - IST A7'rW.W. . Brithh brig Marshall. Crow. 23 day tnm Mont ego Itai , (Jam.) with 250 puncheon rm, molasses and sugar, to Cheriot, Wilkes st W - A) mar Co. Mr. Henrietta Mortal, V Tennison, Joseph Lewis, Jas Anderson an to. Thomas Allinhain, J Rickets, S alius. Son k Co. and the master Left no vessel tot York. Oil' I 'ape ntonia. spoke brig Charles, Avery, of Noi fdk, 5 days from SL Jagodetu - ba for N Orleans. Th e brig Hope, Polter'j! arrived at Kingston from W York. At Port Ri.val, Neptune, Cowham, from Baltimore ; sch Alexander. Charter. N Orleans; and Ur delia, Parks, Philadelphia. T!LEX.D;tl . Jul 15 Cleared, sloop Susan, Rogers, New - York. Arrived, brig Dove, Barrfctt, from Madtwr vialiUol May, 33 days from th latter port

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