The Mason City Globe-Gazette from Mason City, Iowa on April 29, 1936 · Page 12
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April 29, 1936

The Mason City Globe-Gazette from Mason City, Iowa · Page 12

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Mason City, Iowa
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Wednesday, April 29, 1936
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TWELVE MASON CITY GLOBE-GAZETTE, APRIL 29 JM 1936 Better Social Life ... Better Schools NEWS AND VIEWS OF INTEREST TO FARMERS .(THIS PAGE EDITED BY ARTHUR PICKFORD) B e t t e r Farming . . . Better Roads FARM WAGES FOR MONTH HIGHEST FOR FIVE YEARS Rates Average $20.89 Over Country Without Board, Records tShow. Farm wages on April 1 were the highest for that date since 1931, according to the Bureau of-Agricultural Economics. Farm wage rates a month, with board, averaged $20.89 the country over; a month, without board, $30.87; a day, with board, 51.05; a day, without board, $1.43. The supply of farm labor exceeds the demand, but by a 'smaller margin than on Jan. 1 this year or on April 1 a year ago. To this is attributed the higher wages. The April 1 supply figure is reported the smallest for that date since 1929, the reduction being attributed to increased industrial employment, and .to "the many relief and road-building projects now in operation." Day wages, without .board, range from an average of 92 cents in the East South Central States to an average of $2.40 in the Pacific states. Day wages, without board, range from 71 cents in East South Central states to $1.62 in Pacific states. Monthly, wages, without board, range from an average of $20.70 in East South Central states to'.an average of 556.59 in Pacific states, and monthly wages with board from 514.09 in East South Central states to $36.50 in Pacific states. F A R M B U R E A U N E W S A Weekly Feature Depicting Activities of Cerro Gordo County Organization. Joint Program Will Be Held at Clear Lake The nothwest corner of the county including Grant, Lincoln, Lake and Clear Lake townships will give a joint program at the community hall at Clear Lake on Friday evening May 1. This program is the final of the .'plays which were planned for last winter. The severe winter made it impossible to hold these meetings at that time, therefore they are combining in one program with ^ plays given by Lake and Lincoln townships. 1 ':.- Lincoln township will give the · play "The Cure AMI," with the following cast: Augustus Babbitt, Willard Fulghum; Kent, his nephew, Hazar Hall; Amanda Beakley, Mrs. Verne Phillips; Doris Prichard, her niece, Mrs. Marion Hall; Dr. Paul Harper, Kent's friend, Milton Phillips and Clara Morgan, friend of Doris, Mary Trainer. Lake township will give the play "This Way Out,"- with the following cast: Mrs. Morton, played by Viola Baker; Linda, Kathryn Wood; Bob, Allan Steil; Mrs. Preston, Madge Baker; Mable, Ella Mae Goodell; Junior, Lester Heitland.- Stage manager, Robert Findson and assistant, Wayne. Wood. The other features of the program will be given by Grant and Clear Lake townships. Stratosphere flying is regarded as "worthy of research" by nearly two- thirds of 1,000 licensed transport pilots questioned recently by the department of commerce. Advantages pointed out-for higher altitude flying are. greater speed, economy of action and elimination of weather hazards after the lower strata are climed.--United States News. Carl M. Sheimo AUCTIONEER Farm Sales a Specialty Phone IS or 6002, Fertile, Iowa PLANSMADEFOR MEMBER WORK Bert Myhre, Chairman of Committee, Announces Program. Bert Myhre, chairman of the organization committee of the Farm Bureau, has made plans for organization and membership work in Cerro Gordo county to start Thursday, April 30. The program will be started off on Wednesday evening at which time Mason, Lime Creek, Portland and Falls townships will make plans for their work. On Thursday evening there will be a meeting at Rockwell in which Owen, Dough erty, Bath and Geneseo township will make plans to give an invita tion to the farmers in the commun ity to help participate in the ac tivities of the Farm Bureau organ ization. On Monday evening the meetin will be held at Thornton for Union Grimes, Pleasant Valley and Moun Vernon townships and will be fo: lowed by a meeting at Clear Lak on Tuesday evening for Grant. Lin coin, Lake and Clear Lake town ships. It is planned to give an invitatio: to every farmer in the county t help participate in the activitie and help build stronger and bette communities. At a recent meeting of the boar of directors, R. M. Hall emphasize the need of organization and th fact that in the adjoining countie the membership is increasing rap idly. Last year the membership i Cerro Gordo county increased 6( per cent. Mr. Myhre, chairman of the com mittee, stated that many question the need of organization in maintaining the present progress. However, quite frequently we hear the statement made that they did not dare to take the adjustment program away from the farmer. Nevertheless, it was taken away. The American Farm Bureau federation and the Iowa Farm Bureau federation was active in the interest of procuring- the present program to replace the one that was lost. It is only through organized effort of agriculture that we are able to make real progress by co-operation and working together on a constructive program. F4K.1I BUKEAU OFFlCKKS V1 " Minute Men Urged to Work for Measure The minute men of the Cerro Gordo county farm bureau all received letters urging them to get in touch with men who have federal lane bank loans and to write their congressmen urging them to vote for the bill that will continue the 3H per cent interest rates on the lane bank mortgages for another year. FARM BUREAU EXCHANGE FOR SALE: SEEDS SEED CORN--Selected from crib, Tested 90 per cent. $2.00 bushel. H. E. Rugg, Mason City. SEED CORN--Approximately 90 per cent germination. R. H'. Holt, Clear Lake. SOY BEANS, good germination. H. J. Brown, Mason City. MANCHU Soy Beans, early matured, early corn-Dined germination 95 per cent, bis run $1. Ben Hitzhusen, Cartersville. FOB SALE SOWS HAMPSHIRE brood sows. R. M. Hall, Clear Lake. Where Does the Farm Bureau Come In! It was one of the organizations which rushed in to plan a new program for agriculture with the invalidation of the AAA. It has fought for lower interest rates and better credit facilities for agriculture and equalization of the tax burden., and improvement of marketing conditions. The Farm Bureau invites you to participate in the development of a stronger and better rural program by joining the organization, which co-operates in educational activities and continues in operation a constructive program. It is represented in national affairs by the American Farm Bureau federation. Cera?© Ctortio County Farm Bureau ... . FASM BUBEAD DIRECTORS "!? n V .......... Wayne VVolford. Clear Lincoln ........... Bm H. Myre, clear Lake Uroe Creek ...... Leslie vanNote, Mason Clt ?"*·;··, ....... ^ul H. Matzen, Mason Clt Clear Lake ......... j olm f crk |nj. Clear Lak ""',, .......... ^ obl!rl Stirleigb. Clear Lai; " a =°°-; ........ ElgarZ. uaigbt. Mason Clt Portland ........ R- A. Uidcman. Mason Clt "?? n ............. Harry Welker, clear Lak ° al f- ....... --.....Cecil H. Avise, Rockwel °" tn ........... John L. Curran. Mason Clt Grimes..... ....... Dale smith. Thornton Pleasant Valley.... clarence Ulmn. Swaledal £ enes . e! v ........... -Frank Kirk. Eockwel Donsnerty ..... Barney Dougherty. Dougherty HOME PROJECT CHAIKMEN Grant... ---- Mrs. Eollln Luicomo, Clear Ion. £ ncoln ...... Hn. Bert H, Myhre, Clear Lak Lime Creek. .Mrs. A. M. Matzen, Mason city Falls. ....... Mrs. Paul H. Matzen, Mason City Clear Lake. ..Mrs. Elmer. Nelson, clear Lak Jf ke ....... Mrs. Ben Skadcland. clear Lak Mason. ..*.. Mrs. Ajtel Anderaon. Mason cltj ForuanG. . .Mrs. w. H. Davidson, Mason city °° 10 ?- .......... Mrs. Hush strain. Ventura lit Vernon. .Mrs. J. D. RJchardaon. C. Lak gate ............. Mrs. Cecil Avlse. Kockwel Owen -------- Mrs. John Curran, Mason cltj ^ftoes. ........... Mrs. Can Floy. Thornton Pi. Valley. .. .Mrs. Clarence Utom Swaledal Genesco ........... Mrs. wll Bruns, Shettiel Dou.sHcrty.Mra. E. G. Dougherty. Doucnerf County Home Project chairman Mrs-. E. p. Deoraw. Mason City Chairman Boys' Club committee Earl M. -Dean. Mason city Chairman Girls' club committee Mrs. Earl M, Dean Publicity committee E. M. Hall, Mrs. R. Furlelgh, Leigh Curran County Agent ................ Marlon E. Olsoi County club Agent ......... jay Vcndellio, Home Demonstration Agent Marjorle A. Chollet Office Assistant ......... Gencvlcve M Smith Office . ....... 213 Federal Bldg., Mason City SUGGESTIONS FOB GOOD CORN MADE Recommendations Made by Dr. Porter of Iowa State College. Four suggestions which Cerro Gordo county farmers may follow to insure a good stand of corn this spring have been received by County Agent M. E. Olson. The recommendations are made by Dr. R. H. Porter, Iowa State college extension plant pathologist, and E. S. Dyas, farm crops specialist, on the basis of seed com tests and reports of seed corn surveys. The suggestions are: 1. Practically all seed corn should be treated "this year. 2. Do not plant corn deep this year. . 3. Do not plant unusually early unless the seed is of the 1935 crop and of high quality. 4. Determine the germinating power of the seed corn and adjust the planting rate accordingly. Of Lower Quality. Nearly disease free seed is seldom benefited from treatment unless planted early, but only a small portion of Iowa seed corn is nearly disease free any year. The 1935 seed is of lower quality and carries more disease organisms than usual. Old seed when treated will withstand more adverse conditions ti.au if not treated. Field tests for 9 years with planter box seed show an average gain of 4 bushels an acre. Merko, Barbak and Semesan Jr., are the dusts recommended for either field or sweet corn, using 2 ounces a bushel. The cost is only about 2 cents an acre for field corn. Old corn will not usually withstand adverse conditions as new corn will. Since much of the 1935 crop seed shows weakened vitality the planting method should receive careful attention this year. The present conditions for soil moisture suggests that shallow planting (not iver 2 to 3 inches) is highly' desirable. It is believed that the use of much ld seed corn and of much 1935 :rop seed low in vitality is sufficient eason for discouraging planting too arly this year. Should Be Planted. When the soil is warm and in good condition, corn should be lanted. On the other hand, it is not suggested that planting be delayed eyond normal if weather conditions are favorable. This recommendation s contrary to what is usually con- =idered good practice and is made nly because of the condition of much of the seed corn. Poor stands of com are more of- en responsible for low yields than ny other factor, and poor stands sually are the resut of planting ow germinating seed. It is advisable o plant nothing but high germin- ting seed if this is possible. In some cases, however, a grow- r can get seed corn of a proven, igh producing strain or variety the eed of which does not germinate s high as is most desirable. Such seed can often be used to advantage f care is used to determine the exact ·ermmatipn and increase the rate of lanting in proportion to the per- entage of kernels that do not give strong germination. . CONSERVATION OF FARM SOIL MUST BE CO-OPERATIVE R. E. Uhland, Regional Conservator, Says Whole County Should Be In. DES MOINES, (UP)--Soil conservation, to attain maximum results, must be a co-operatvie affair in which farmers of a whole county or watershed participate R. E. Uhland, regional conservator of the Upper Mississippi Valley region of the soil conservation service, said Wednesday. "Soil erosion on one field may affect several adjoining farms," said Uhland, in pointing out necessity for co-operation. Discussing work of the conservation service, Uhland said it was not difficult to ascertain areas where serious damage had occurred. "H. H. Bennett, chief of the soil conservation service, estimates that wind and water _have already destroyed the farming' value of 50 million acres of land in the United States--almost one and a half times as much land as in the entire state of Iowa," Uhland said. "In addition to land totally destroyed for farming, another 50 million acres are in almost as serious a condition," he said. Much Washed Off. "Furthermore, much or all of the topsoil has been washed or blown off .as much land as there is in Wisconsin, Iowa, and Illinois together and erosion has already started on about the same number of additional acres. "In Illinois, for example, 39 per cent of the state has already been affected by sheet erosion, and an additional 38 per cent has been gullied to a greater or less extent. In Iowa, 57 per cent of the state's surface has been affected by sheet and gully erosion, while about 45 per cent of Minnesota shows signs of loss from erosion either by wind or run-off water. In Missouri there has been lost from one-fourth --to three-fourths of the original topsoil of 75 per cent of the state, whils in Wisconsin more than 45 per cent of the area shows signs of erosion. Thus it became evident' that more than half of the farming area within the boundaries of these five great states will be endangered if erosion is not checked." Not Inexhaustible. Uhland cautioned Iowa agriculturalists not to think of their soil as having inexhaustible wealth, in view of estimates that 30 billion (b) :ons of soil have washed away from the state since pioneers began cultivating it. ' "This is equivalent to loss of approximately 35 per cent of the original soil on the average Iowa farm, although it is obvious that a much greater percentage of the surface soil has been lost in those areas of the state where erosion has been most severe." Uhland said Iowa farms have lost far more from soil erosion than from all tie crops they have ever grown. Scarcely Visible. "Because soil erosion is such a slow and scarcely visible process in many cases, there has been in years jast a tendency to minimize its im- jortance. It requires some sensa- ional thing like dust storms or floods, like the filling of a munici- jal water -reservoir with silt and sand, or like the washing out of a iridge or road, to attract attention." Uhland added. To checkmate erosion, tie conser- ator urged farmers to: 1. Engage in strip cropping, and construct terraces or contour til- ings on hillsides. 2. Use broad base terraces on ie'lds where the slope is greater. 3. Establish permanent pastures m slopes too steep for either of ;hese other methods. 4. Build masonry or concrete tructures across gullies to prevent urther cutting of soil, and plant emporary brush and wire check ams in smaller gullies, to prevent low of water. I 1 IT S E E M S T O M E " A Weekly Farm Page Feature Presenting the Views of Representative North Iowa Farmers and Farm Wives on Important Economic and Governmental Questions of the Day The Wool Growers association will hold a meeting in Class Room 2 at the Y; M. C. A. on Saturday af- ernoon, May 2 at 1:30 o'clock to make plans for the handling of the' wool. The annual 4-H club party will'be held at the Y. M. C. A. Mason City n Saturday evening, May 2, beginning at 8 o'clock. All 4-H club boys and girls in the county, their parents and families and all those in- erested in club work have invited o attend. The Grimes township Farm Bu- ·cau meeting will be held at the Frank Guth homo, on Wednesday veiling', May 6 t Grant township Farm Bureau will meet at Center school on Thursday evening, April 30. A total of 14,806 pilots and 7,205 aircraft are now holding active department of commerce licenses. Last year at this time there were 13.SS6 licensed pilots and -6,855 licensed aircraft.--United States News. EROSION Scores of gullies now remind us We should build our lands to stay, And, departing, leave behind us Field that have not washed away; When our boys assume the mortgage On the land that's bad our toil, They'll not have to ask the question "Here's the farm, but WHERE'S the SOIL?" --Tennessee Valley Authority. By HERMAN L. HANSEN llcm did you come to be a farmer? I had been on the farm all my. lite, so it seemed the natural thing to do. I have generally liketl the farm. Are you oiviwr or renter? I am a renter. This is my eleventh year on this farm. I pay share rent and so far we have got along without a written lease. In our case it seems to work well; but I have known of cases where a lease was binding- on the owner, but could not be enforced on the tenant. I am farming- 279 acres. How has your living and your net Income compared with that of the ordinary working man in the last 10 years ? The working man, with steady work and reasonable pay has had a better thing so far as money is concerned. We have enjoyed certain liberties that would be hard to have if we had been working for others. As far as food and the necessities of life are concerned we have always got along quite well although there were times when it seemed impossible to see our way through. There is one thing I have liked about farming. There "is no need to fear being laid off because of the age limit. The man at 50 or-60 should be more capable Of good farming than at 25 years. What about the country as a place to rear children? Country life probably is the best. While cities usually have playgrounds and equipment, there are many ways where country children have the advantage of town children. Most children have a natural liking for pets such as calves, pigs, ponies and especially for dogs. Boys like to range around all over the farm, hunting, trapping and riding horses and unconsciously learning much about outdoor life besides learning to work. In this way they have an advantage over city children. What do you think of this plan of soil conservation ? The soil conservation program is fine; but it should have been carried on long ago, on all farms by the farmers and land owners. It has been practiced by some farmers as long as I can remember. In this connection and in view of the fact that one-half of farm operators are tenants, I think a new form of lease should be uniformly used so that this work would be carried on for the mutual benefit of both owners and operators, and the future fanners who will have the land. I would suggest something like this: If a tenant moves on to a farm that there be a general appraisal of the condition of the land as regards fertility, weeds, stones, fences, gates, condition of buildings and other improvements. When the tenant left the farm a checkup be made, allowing for natural depreciation of buildings and fences, but crediting him for improvements made with the consent of the owner --for lime and fertilizer applied but still unused. That there should be an agreement as to what portion of the farm should be kept in grass and soil building crops. In this way, when a tenant left a farm that he had improved, he would be compensated and if he had depleted the fertility of the soil and injured the buildings more than the natural wear and tear he would be liable for damage. This plan would induce every tenant to care for buildings, watch weeds and would make for better farm managers as they would know that when they left a farm they would be paid for their efforts besides the satisfaction of leaving the place better than they found it. Such a plan would tend toward longer leases and encourage better farming; and it would automatically improve farms and would need no government supervision or premium for good farm practice. Do you think it would be wise for the government to guarantee a minimum price for grains and corn immediately after harvest? Yes. It is absolutely unreasonable for the 'farmer to have to turn his jrain into the hands of the speculators who do not care what happens to the producer nor to the final consumer. It is their business to spread the price between the producer and consumer. If the grain and com could be sealed on the farm, the market would be steadier, much of it would be fed near where it was grown and freight and handling charges would be saved. Grain shipped away is fertility lost. If fed where it is grown it would harmonize with the soil conservation program. When prices are fair and farmers have enough to live on they don't usually farm more than they can do well. In this connection, I think it would be well if farmers would discuss desired legislation at the conservation meetings and send thiir recommendations to congress as coming from one unit instead of from five or six bodies--all fighting among themselves and so not getting much done. Is the country school, as you kitotv it, efficient up to the eighth grade? Yes, I believe it is. While the city schools have more playground equipment it is because that is A Home Product HBKMAN N. HANSEN Born in 3900 and reared on a farm In Portland township, Cerro Gordo county, and still living there. Mr. Hansen may -be justly called a home product. At the age of 23 he married Miss Grace Gildner of Falls township, likewise a farm woman. They have six children, two boys and four girls and the home Is three milus east of Mason City. Mr. Hansen attended the district school and Hamilton's business college. about all they have between school and home. Country teachers surely have more time to get acquainted with the few pupils they have than if they had 30 or 40 and while the country teacher has more classes they seem to do good work. Taking our own school as an example. I can think of former pupils who are now contractors, carpenters, big farmers, bankers, teachers and many other vocations. I don't feel sorry for my children because they have to go to a one room school in the country. We know where they are from the time they leave home until they return and they are not in much traffic danger. I like to see improvements 'in school equipment brought into use, if they are practical. Can every farmer afford a tractor? The modern tractor is a wonderful machine and the convenience with which, it may be used is certainly a great thing. Whether one can afford a tractor depends on the conditions under which it can be used. I bought a used tractor this spring, to do the ordinary heavy work. It cost me less than the price of one old horse. But to buy a new one would have had me turning the entire year's crop, at current prices to pay for it, with some added equipment that would not pay. Overhead must be considered and a tractor with tractor machinery comes- high and if the .horse, who is almost self supporting -on the farm, has a hard time holding expenses down while using cheaper equipment, it is hard to see how a tractor can pay out. Machinery manufacturers and oil companies have to have their profits whether or not the farmer gets his. If we used more horses we would use more grain and would get our power at the "cost of production." We can't have that from a tractor no matter how cheap it may be had. To me, tractor driving is tiresome because of the noise of the exhaust and the jolting and the lack of the brief rest at the end of the furrows. I admit that the tractor seems to do the work .in a hurry; but we always got our work done when we drove horses, too. However, where large units are farmed and the tractor can be used a great deal of-the time, it fills the bill, especially where labor is nigh and hard to get. In such a case the tractor would be an asset. National music week, May 3-10, will enlist in local and state-wide music festivals- the services of more than 5,000 musicians employed on the Works progress Administration federal music project. -- United States News. Wool Wanted We ore now ready to Buy Wool. Call or see us before selling. S. B. MYRICK SON 415 Twelfth Street Southeast Phone 863 Mason City For Sale or Trade Almost new 32 volt, 1,000- Watt Wind Power Electric Plant. Also used Delco Light Plants. J A C O B Y Battery and Electric Service 110 So. Delaware Phone 319 REED SAYS LACK OF RAIN IN IOWA MAY BE SERIOUS Reports Precipitation Over State During April Far Below Normal. DES MOINES, (/PI--Charles D. Reed, government meteorologist, reported Wednesday that precipitation has averaged far below normal over Iowa during April and that lack of rain is becoming serious. He pointed out, however, that there is generally an abundance of deep soil moisture and that a "good hah! inch of rain would bring the surface soil back to normal." "Oat and barley seeding is about completed," Reed said in his weekly crop report, "but not half the acreage has germinated because the surface soil is too dry. Only a little is up enough to show green, though some has been in the ground for a month. Winter Wheat Slow. "Winter wheat has made slow growth and in Woodbury county it has made such a poor start that some has been plowed up preparatory to planting other crops. "In much of the state the ground is becoming hard to plow and is, working up cloddy. In some counties the soil is so dry it is beginning to crack. The fields are dusty in some west central and southwest counties and there was a local dust storm in Monona county April 20." Seed Corn Quest. Reed reported a "feverish quest" for good seed corn is continuing and that some corn was planted in the southern counties last week. "Much ground," he said, "is prepared for planting, but farmers generally are waiting for more warmth and moisture." He said that cold, dry weather prevailed during the last week except in a. few localities where light to moderate scat- ered showers occurred. Frost or freezing occurred on several mornings with a severe freeze April 22 over much of Iowa, he reported, but vegetation and fruit blooms were Jack Dorsey AUCTIONEER Call Plymouth, Iowa Delco-light Plants, Batteries and Parts Central Auto Electric Co. Next to Fire Station . 25 First St. S. W. Phone 494 not far enough advanced to be damaged. ' Plums Start Blooming. Reed further reported that: Plums, cherries and pears started blooming in some southern counties, but that the severe winter killed many peach and other young fruit trees. Pastures are backwards and the recent cold weather has been hard on young animals. Litters af pigs are smaller and weaker than usual as a result O f the' severe winter which kept brood sows too closely confined without exercise. . If the pennies collected in gasoline taxes between Feb. 25, 1919, when the levy first was imposed and Jan. 1, 1936, were used to pave a highway 20 feet wide, it would stretch 20,000 miles, or four-fifths the distance around the earth.--United States News. WANTED HIDES - WOOL Highest Prices Paid CARL STEIN Phone 470 111 Sixth S. W. Seed Corn For Sale Early yellow. Ear tested. Grown in Cerro Gordo county. Guaranteed germination on every bushel. $2 bushel and up. A Chalupnick, 9 South Monroe, Mason City, Iowa. 'Dead Animals OF ALL KINDS REMOVED Mason City Rendering Co. \Ve Pay Fuone Calls USED MACHINERY 1--J. D. Model "D" Tractor. 2--Oil Pull Tractors, priced right. 2--Fordson Tractors. ·4--DeLaval Separators. 2--i. D. "GP" Tractors. Good condition. Several Used Gas Engines, cheap. Several Good Disk Harrows. Horse drawn. Several g o o d Corn Planters. Several good Horses. Cerro Gordo Implement Co. Phone 444 115 Eighth St. S. E. WE WANT YOUR WOOL Any Quantity -- All Grades -- It will pay you to bring your wool to us. We pay more money. For Sale: New Woof Sacks, ea. 40c Wool Twine, 2 Ibs. . . . . 23c WOLF BROS., Inc. See Market Page Quotations 308 Fifth Street S. W. , , II USED TRUCKS Chevrolet International Chevrolet INTERNATIONAL HARVESTER CO. 23 Sixth Street S. E. Mason City 24-HOUR SERVICE

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