The Mason City Globe-Gazette from Mason City, Iowa on January 25, 1945 · Page 1
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The Mason City Globe-Gazette from Mason City, Iowa · Page 1

Mason City, Iowa
Issue Date:
Thursday, January 25, 1945
Page 1
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NORTH IOWA'S DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME O t f A R T M C N T O F T O R Y A N D A f t C H I V I S "THE "NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS' VOL. LI AoocUtcd fttst «4 UnlUd Ptcsi Full Lt**ed Wlrcj (lira Cento m COPT) MASON cay,IOWA, THURSDAY, JANUABY zs, ms This Paper Consists ot Two Sections--Section On« NO. RUSSIANS TAKE GLEIWITZ IN SILESIA German*. Start Attack Along 20 Mile Front CONTINUE EXIT FROMARDENNES III NORTH AREA Say Assault May Mean Start of Final Battle for Alsace Parisj . (Jf) -- T h e G e r m a n s lawiched'. an attack Thursday against ;the U. S. 7th army along a 20-mile front from Haguenau northwest to the lower Vosges mountains, and-at places crossed the Moder fiver 15 miles inside France. Gen. Hermann. Balck opened the drive with a heavy aitillery and mortar barrage, while other Germans to the north were continuing a great eastward exodus from the Ardennes salient. Roads and rails were so littered in the ! north that the .Germans resorted : to routes in the center. : "The assault may signal the start of the final battle for Alsace," AP -Correspondent Robert C: Wilson wirelessed from 7th ! army headquarters. . Earlier, the 7th army bad withdrawn from 7 to-10 miles* along a 20-niile sector of the Karlsruhe corner,'leaving Strasbourg jutting out at the end of an allied salient '. .Wilson said the Americans were reported inflicting "heavy losses" land had destroyed at least 5 tanks }and 14 armored -vehicles -in early aiid,'3ril armies /captured .-., ·' Yanks Unable to Contact Nazis in Italy Rome, U.R) -- American patrols were active in the center of the 5th army salient just .south of Bologna .despite intermittent sleet and snow, headquarters said Thursday, as 8th army units continued to engage the enemy in sporadic 'fighting, on the Adriatic coastal sector to the east. Despite extensive forays, the Americans reported they seldom were able to contact any German patrols moving beyond their established positions which " were kept- under continued artillery fire. ^ WALLACE ASKS INVESTIGATION OF JONES' RFC Will Use Lending Authority to Help U. S. Little Businesses W a s h i n g t o n , (/?)--Contending big versus little business is "the real issue" in control of the government's huge banking powers, Henry A. Wallace Thursday Germans Jam Berlin Roads. From East London, (U.R)--Tens of thousands of German refugees from the east were reported jamming the roads to Berlin Thursday and Stockholm dispatches said signs of panic were appearing in the nazi capital for the first time since the start of the red army invasion. The great exodus from the east was accompanied by a sudden revival of peace rumors, all completely .unconfirmed and perhaps inspired by the nazis themselves for devious propaganda purposes. One rumor, broadcast by the clandestine radio Atlantic, s a i d Gestapo Chief Heinrich Himmler had tried without success to put out peace feelers to the Free German committee ^ in Moscow, suggesting that he replace Adolf Hitler at the head of the reich and make a separate peace with Rus- Two patrol clashes on the left flank of the salient, about a half mile west of San Martino, result- d in casualties to both sides. Elsewhere the 5th army front vas moderately/quiet. ' ' Main fighting on the Btli army ront centered in the Alfonsine re'a, northwest of Ravenna, vhere a German night patrol at- acked a British strong point 2 miles northeast of the town and vas repulsed after a sharp battle. salient, now ^square 'miles. The .British' .2nd army to the north captured 4 more "just west' of the Roer river and moved to .within 30 miles "of Dusseldorf and 3 of Eoermond. But in 'Alsace, large German forces began crossing the Moder river line, which Lt. Gen. Alexander M: Patch's 7th army had taken up after withdrawing from the Hatten area north of the strategic Haguenau forest.: The Germans last were reported using 5 or 6 first 'class divisions along the attack front; The. enemy punched forwari 'into the woods on the south ban] of the Moder river in the Schwieg house-Senneubourg area, 2 mile west of Haguenau, a traffic cente of 20,000 and once a major Ger 'man base. Haguenau appeared t J be outflanked also to the south ' east. Farther northwest and about 2 miles north of the Moder, the Germans attacked in the Bischholz- Mulhausen area 15 miles south of the Palatinate. Farther into ,the congressional investi- KFC lending under nbwy Vosges, the enemy threw trong blows at Reipertswiller, 8 miles southeast of Bitche. Other , Germans snapped back n southern Alsace below Strasbourg and..made strong counterattacks, against French troops oh )oth the northern and southern lahks "of : the Colmar-MulhouEe socket. The Germans -were within 10,"miles /south"' and.;··, li^nprth- of, Strasbourg,^ ttfe^prizedv 1 capital -of mans 'both': claiin; as* their own';-;: Whether by r design 7 or accident the German' offensive started in weather simitar to that prevailing ivhen Field Marshal von Rund- stedt attacked in the Ardennes. Deep snow, cold fog and poor visibility reduced allied air support to a minimum. (The German communique said a bridgehead had been established over.the Moder and that 18 counter-attacks were repulsed.) Some'Germans cross the river just*east of Haguenau, spurred by assertions that they were freeing "ancient German soil." All were captured or driven back except a score surrounded in the Hardt woods. Commanders in the field said they believed the situation there was now entirely restored. The main thrust across the Moder was in a 3-mile area west of Haguenau .between Schwieghouse and Neubourg. Assault boats ferried some men across. Others used a bridge. No armor, however, was reported across the river. proposed a gation of Jesse Jones. The' former vice president said that "the real motive" behind a bill to strip the lending authority wielded by Jones away from the c o m m e r c e secretaryship "has nothing to do with my competence to handle those powers." - II confirmed as secretary of commerce, Wallace made clear, he intends to use the lending authority to assist little business as well as the big companies in a drive for "a free America, which is also a prosperous America" and to carry out President Roosevelt's goal of 0,000,000 post-war jobs. Wallace testified before the senate commerce · committee and a standing-room-only crow'd. Declaring that he is willing to serve as secretary of commerce whether or not the monetary setup is left in that department, Wal- MacARTHUR VISITS JAPANESE SHRINE--Gen. Douglas MacArthur inspects a memorial to the valor and courage of Japanese forces killed when they forced their way into Damortis, Luzon, P. I., in 1941. lace-testified; that'"no saldier on the - battlefield : can* -4o. !«s, than jsaxry out his 'assignment'?? ^i=-,*?*: By the rule book," witnesses' before senate committees are supposed to confine their testimony to the legislation under consideration. But Jones, endorsing the bill Wednesday, threw one punch after another at Wallace from start to end of his hour and more in the witness chair. Sometimes Jones did not name Wallace but no one had any. doubt who he was talking about when he made such comments as these: _. "Certainly the RFC should not be placed under the supervision of any man willing to jeopardize the country's future with untried ideas and idealistic schemes." "It is my firm conviction that the government's investment- in plants and facilities, and in raw materials of all sorts, should not be made the subject of careless experimentation." Senator Pepper (R-Fla.), one of Wallace's backers, asked the "same latitude" for his man. _ ' Altogether, the hearing .shaped up as one as much on Wallace's qualifications as on the resolution which Senator George (D- Ga.), introduced. Actually, the Wallace nomination has been tucked away for the time being in a commerce committee pigeonhole and Pepper expressed concern that the purpose is to keep it there until the George bill is disposed olt. One of the senators opposed to letting Wallace have the lending pou-crs estimated that it might require 6 weeks for congress to act on the measure. He said he believed quick senate action might be had but that it probably would take considerable time in the house. This senator, unwilling to be quoted by name, estimated al least 50 of the 96 senate votes would be cast against Wallace's confirmation if the nomination were brought up now with the lending powers in the commerce department. He expressed the opinion, too, that the opposition both in the senate and the country is growing. George expressed the opinion that with the divorce of th'e RFC and commerce Jones possibly could continue as head of the federaj loan agency "if he hasn resigned." However, others disputed this interpretation of- law. Jones, Texas businessman who has bossed the- RFC since its inception in the Hoover administration apparently envisioned lh possibility that he might stay on in the job. "I don't expect to remain a secretary of commerce if that' what you mean," Jones told Pep per at one point. As for the loan post, he said "I'm not seeking th job" but that it was up to th president. It was in response to a question from Pepper that Jones said h considered Wallace "not qualified for the combined job of commerc secretary and loan head. "Why?" Pepper pursued. . "Lack of experience." sia. Another, relayed by the Ankara radio and equally unsubstantiated, had Baron Franz von Papen in Madrid to learn the allied peace terms. \ There was little question, however, that the Russian sweep to and across Germany's eastern .frontiers had touched off a wave of hysteria spreading back to the capital of the reich. All accounts indicated the nazis were combing out the last dregs of their manpower to man their eastern ramparts and, at the same time, frying to clear the refugee- choked roads for the movement of reserves to the front. Berlin said all women ihid children 'were being removed from Breslau as that Silesian industrial center came under the guns o£ the red 'army, and similar mass evacuations were in progress throughout eastern Germany and the areas of western Poland not already overrun by the Russians. A Berlin dispatch to the Stock- holms Tidnirigen said many of the incoming refugees were Berliners who had fled to East Prussia and Silesia to escape the allied bomb- sp d ?f that -\-thelE7retnrn~liad .panic in the-vcapitaL-r^" ' -'·'·' "No people," said one Berlin radio commentator, "can -take the measure of our sufferings. . . . pur heart-rending grief, our buried hopes. "In the midst of a once clean and sheltered life, war has overtaken us with all its filth and miserj'," he said. RED WAR MACHINE ROLLS INTO REICH--Two photos radioed from Moscow to New York show action in the Russian campaign through Poland and East Prussia which is pointing for Berlin. Upper picture, is identified as Lt. Durandin's battery of long-range guns hammering the nazis during action in East Prussia. Lt. Durandin's battery served at Stalingrad. Lower photo shows a small section of soviet artillerymen in action on the 2nd Russian front in Poland. Tokyo Claims American YANKS ADVANCE ON CLARK FIELD MacArthur Says Jap Casualties 10 to 1 BULLETIN Tokyo radio said T h u r s d a y American troops have landed on the northeastern coast of Slindoro island in the Philippines and are fighting toward Calapan, the capital city, situated about 75 miles directly south of Manila. Tokyo, quoting a Manila dispatch, -said an estimated 1,000 troops participated in the landing. The enemy report, unconfirmed by allied sources, -- said heavy fighting was in progress. ·. The Japanese announcement said the landing was made at Nau- jan, a coastal town about 13 miles southeast of Calapan. Gen. Mac Arthur's Headquarters Luzon, (U.R)--The American 14tli corps surged across the greal Clark field-cluster of airdromes within 48 miles northwest of Manila Thursday and all II airstrips, along with adjacent Fort Stotsenburg, appeared about to fall without a major battle. itocks on hand are sufficient for! At least 1 and probably more major allied operation. of the airstrips already were READY SUPPLIES FOR OFFENSIVE Somervell Calls On U. S. for Production Paris, (U.R)' -- LI. Gen. Brehon omervell said Thursday at : su- reme allied headquarters that Jen. D wight D. Eisenhower's orces "have enough supplies on and to mount a major offensive." Somer veil's statement came as . became apparent that Eisen- ower will not miss the oppor- unity to strike the Germans in lie west while they are menaced n the east by the tremendous red rmy offensive. Speaking at a press conference. Somervell said that production of .mmunition. tires, t r u c k s and ithcr critical war 'terns would tremen- prevent lave to be stepped up dously in America to ritical shortages on the western ront. Nevertheless, he emphasized, Somervell r e v e a l e d that an agreement had been r e a c h e d whereby the British and'Ameri- cans would arm and supply "several hundred thousand additional ?rench troops." To meet potential increases in consumption in Europe and the Pacific Somervell called for the following percentage increases in production: Small arms, 200 per cent, medium and heavy caliber ammunj^ Lion, 100. and cotton duck, 40. He said there must also be a large increase in truck, tire and tank production but that "we have enough supply stacked up here to mount a major offensive." Though headquarters was naturally silent on the subject there were a number of signs that the time for the assault is approaching. firmly in American hands. Bam- ban field, northernmost of the Clark constellation; "was overrun Tuesday and mechanized patrols were operating Wednesday in the vicinity of Clark field itself, 6 miles to the south, and Fort Stotsenburg, . T h e advance carried across Bamban river, where the Japanese had been expected to m a k e a strong stand, and 'overran Mabal- acat, 4 miles south of Bamban and 50 miles ,-northwest of Manila, without encountering major resistance. Roosevelt Rejects Ickes' Resignation Washington, (IP)--Interior Secretary Ickes announced Thursday that President Roosevelt had declined to accept his offered resignation, asking him to remain in the cabinet. , Ickes is one of the two original members of the president's cabinet The other is Secretary of Labor Frances" Perkins, whose resignation the president has also rejected. Report Three Island Raids in Pacific Pearl Harbor, (U.R)--Tokyo reported 2 more B-29 nuisance raids on the Japanese industrial center of Osaka, a naval bombardment of Iwo in the Volcanoes and a 120 plane carrier-based raid on Palembang in the Dutch East Indies in the quickening Pacific war Thursday. A Japanese domestic broadcast said lone Superfortresses bombed the Osaka area 250 miles west of Tokyo at S o'c I o c k Wednesday night and again at 1 a. m. Thursday (Tokyo time), but caused no damage. American surface ships, including 4 cruisers a n d 8 destroyers, bombarded Iwo, Japanese stepping stone island 750 miles south of Tokyo Wednesday and inilictec "negligible" d a m a g e , another Tokyo broadcast said. Superfortresses from the Marianas blasted Iwo in strength with "good results" Wednesday, according to a war department commu- nique, and it was possible that the naval bombardment was tied in with the air attack. Twice before B-29's have hit Iwo in conjunction with surface vessels. One of the attacking cruisers was damaged heavily by Japanese shore batteries in the latest bombardment, Tokyo said. A Japanese imperial headquarters communique reported the carrier-borne raid on Palembang, one of the most important oil-producing centers in the Dutch East Indies. It is situated on the southeastern end of Sumatra, about 300 miles south of Singapore. The carrier task force presumably was part of the British 'fleet stationed at Ceylon in the Indian ocean. REPORT SINKING OF TROOP SHIP Washington, (#")--An American troop ship carrying more than 2,200 soldiers was sunk recently in European waters as a result of enemy action with the loss of 248 dead and 517 missing. Secretary o£ War Stimson made the announcement at hfs news conference Thursday. The remainder of the troops aboard, more - than 1,400 were saved, Stimson said. He gave no further details. NAZIS CLAIM REDS IN EtBING ON DANZIG GULF Moscow Claims Army Only 125 Miles From German Capital BULLETIN London, W) --Marshal Stalin announced Thursday night Russian forces had captured Dels, a communications center 14 miles northeast of Breslau. The red army also captured Ostro\v, 13'miles southtvest of Kalisz in Foland and 10 miles from the orthern border of Silesia. London, W)--Capture of Glei- vitz, big industrial center just vest of the Silesian manufactur- ig towns ot Hindenburg and Beu- hen, was announced Thursday by Marshal Stalin. Chrzanow, import- nt center in the Dombrowa coal iasin, 17 miles west of captured Krakow in Poland, also was taken. Gleiwitz, 90 miles southeast of Breslau, is the largest German city captured by the Russians. Its 118,000 population was mostly en;aged in a large coal transhipping usiness and 7 large arms and ma- chinery'plants, including a barbed vire factory. German broadcasts said tiie Russians had broken into Elbing n the Gulf of Danzigac effectively shutting off East Prussia. The Moscow broadcast saying that Russian forces were only a little over 125 miles from Berlin did not give the point of this deepest denetration toward the nazi capital. ;· German accounts for several days, however, have told ot fighting in or near Poznan, 137 miles due east of Berlin, while the Ber- lin-reported'crossing of the Oder at Steinau is 138 miles', southeast pi Berlin. _ - - ' - .' .«.- ; -';..;.';.. ' F a l l of Breslau, capitaI''Bf15we? i '~'' (northern) Silesia and most-im- -"' portant industrial city in the east- ' ern reich, appeared imminent as Marshal Ivan Konev moved his first Ukrainian army rapidly west of the Oder to encircle the city. Konev's -forces, vanguards of the Russian avalanche, s t o r m e d across the broken ice of the Oder in the heart of Silesia, at a point southeast of Breslau. soviet front line reporters said, and shoved on Small enemy motorized patrols and harassing snipers were dispersed. Lashing out ahead of the ground troops, Liberator- bombers began the aerial reduction of Ft. Corregidor, scene of the bloody last American stand in Manila bay in 1942. Forty-five t o n s of bombs were dropped in the initial raid Tuesday, touching off huge fires and explosions among enemy installations.' Gen. Douglas MacArihur jubilantly revealed that his ground forces had killed 10 Japanese for every American lost in the first 2 weeks of the invasion of Luzon. Japanese casualties, he said, totaled about 14,000, comprising 6,449 known dead. 423 prisoners and an estimated 7,200 -wounded. American casualties were listed as 657 dead, 187 missing and 2,301 wounded, a^total of 3,145. The enemy communique said 120 carrier planes attacked Pal- embang Wednesday morning. Japanese fighters and anti-aircraft batteries shot d o w n 78 of the raiders, the communique claimed while 14 Japanese planes were lost in combat. "Damage caused lo ground installations was slight," the com- munique said. GARY COOPER ILL Hollywood, ttJ.R)--Screen Actoi Gary Cooper was resting in bet Thursday to recuperate from an amoebic infection contracted dur ing an entertainment tour of th south Pacific. His physician said Cooper's con dition was aggravated by a recen attack of influenza. The illnes cancelled the star's plans to tak part in an eastern tour of infantil paralysis benefit shows. Iowa Counties Attain Goals in National War Fund Campaign Des Moincs, (/P)--All of Iowa's 9 counties and 22 uvban com- nunity chests attained their yoals the 1944 national war fund ampaign. C a r l Weeks. Des loines. president of Iowa War best, Inc., disclosed Thursday. '"As far as we know, this is the irst time that such a 100 per cent ecord has been chalked up in owa in a fund-raising drive of his kind," Weeks said. He announced that the state aised $2,468,492--$308,691 more han the quota--and led the nation n percentage of quota reached vith a 114 per cent record. In addition. Iowa was the first state with a quota exceeding S2,- 100,000 to reach its goal. Weeks said. toward the mountains of Bohemia in Czecho-Slovakia. Konev was fighting for yet other crossings northwest of the Oder- straddling city, and Berlin said he already had secured a bridgehead at Steinau, 32 miles northwest of the city and 138 miles from Berlin. Yet other troops under Konev's command were, reported hammering into the outskirts from an overnight jumpoft point only 4 miles southeast of the city. Hundreds of Kdnev's tanks and . self-propelled guns laid down a searing barrage on the approaches. The crossing southeast of the city apparently was in the neighborhood of captured Op'peln, capital of" upper (southern) Silesia, and about 30 miles northeast of n tip of the Moravian border of Czccho-SIovakia. The smash toward the southwest apparently was intended to cut off the thickly-clustered cities of Silesia from Berlin and menace the German armies still fighting in Slovakia and Hungary and garrisoning Vienna. To the southeast the 4th Ukrainian army fighting through the mountains of Slovakia was re- parted only about 40 miles cast of the Jablunka gateway to Moravia, a historic passageway which Bismarck once.called a controlling position in central Europe. The Germans, by their own admission, had failed lo halt Mars h a l Konstantin Rokossovsky's smash toward the ^Baltic. Col. Ernst von Hammer, German Robert H. Caldwell. Fort Dodge, executive director of the war chest, reported tha' Iowa already las paid $1,550,000 of the amount collected to the national war fund. The balance represents uncollected pledges in community chest cities, which are paid over a period of months, he said. Weather Report FORECAST Iowa: General light snow in south ' and east Thursday becoming fair Thursday night and Friday. Colder extreme west Thursday and Thursday night and little change in temperature Friday. IN MASON CITY Globe-Gazette weather statistics: Maximum Wednesday 27 Minimum Wednesday 6 At B a. m. Thursday 13 YEAR AGO: Maximum ' 49 Minimum 34 Precipitation Trace military commentator, said a Russian spearhead had penetrated through the junkers homeland of East Prussia until it reached the Frische Haft, a Baltic coastal lagoon at a point just east of Ebing. He declared that the penetrating unit was encircled and "largely wiped out." His report coincided with Moscow dispatches reporting a soviet penetration to the Vistula estuary. From 20 to 30 German divisions --200,000 to 360,000 men -- were estimated to have been cut off by land by the soviet wedge driven to the Baltic. "Fortress Konijrsberg," a city of · 368,000 which is 56 miles northeast of Elbing. was reported by the Germans to be under a frontal assault. In southeastern East Prussia the forces, of Gen. Ivan Cherniak- hovsky were penetrating one by one the passages between the Ma- surian, lakes, where the labyrinth of waterways enabled von Hindenburg to set a trap for the czar's troops in 1914. The German communique acknowledged a retreat "at the Ma-

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