The Mason City Globe-Gazette from Mason City, Iowa on March 10, 1944 · Page 10
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March 10, 1944

The Mason City Globe-Gazette from Mason City, Iowa · Page 10

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Mason City, Iowa
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Friday, March 10, 1944
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E D I T O R I A Cassino: Test Case of War Extremities AMERICANS quite generally * » have agreed that when the nazi troops took haven in the historic monastery at Cassino, they invited our bombs and shellfire. A most interesting British reaction to the problem involved is contained in this editorial in the London Sunday Dispatch, presented just before allied bombs dropped on the sacred property: "IN THE line of battle of the 5th 1 army in Italy stands the hill of Cassino. And dominating the hill is an historic abbey. "The abbey is the birthplace of the Benedictine Order. It has jnore recently been used as an bo- servation post by the German ^forces. "~ "And now an escaping civilian has brought information that the abbey is housing German machine gun crews. "But so far Hie allied forces ·have been prohibited from taking .counter-action. · ''The words o£ an allied artil- Jery officer to a war correspondent are worth quoting: , -. " 'We are rigidly adhering to the ·orders not to shell the monastery, 3)ut it is costing us lots of men' "THE Question: The issue that * faces the allies at Cassino mus! be decided, and quickly. It is a test case which affects the whole of the Italian campaign. "Arc we, or are we not, to smash ;..the German, forces with all our · power and wherever we f i n e ..them? ' "·- "Is an abbey, now involuntarily .turned fortress, still to be -sacrosanct? -". "Italy is stiff with historic build- -ings. Is every one to be a haven if or German troops, from- which 'they can with careless rapture take the lives of our men? "This question must now be de- "cided. It might usefully have been resolved before. -~. "If Britain and the United .States decide to become trustees for the ancient monuments of a _race whose current representatives -tried to bring disaster to us, then we had better call off the cam- -paign in Italy. In cold military assessment", we cannot afford the .".men. .."W HICH Cause? But there are *· other considerations. There ;are many volunteers in the British fighting forces, and there are many Bothers who were conscripted by 'the spontaneous desire for the ·iiation. "For what were these men enlisted? Was it to resist a challenge which threatened to deliver us finally to the mercy of a nation of sadists? Or was it to preserve the Colosseum of Rome? .' "The first duty of our leaders is to the men who are doing the "fighting for us. It is wildly unbelievable that the people of this "country will condone the sacrifice of a single allied soldier on an altar of scholarly sentiment. ;' "We are fighting the most ruthless enemy of all time, as the story -of Coventry Cathedral, which is told in this page, eloquently re-minds us. "Our cause, in Italy particular- ·ly, is not prospering in a degree which justifies us in weakening OUT blows -- "The Abbey of Monte Cassino -has already given much to his- -tory. In one direction or another · its fabric must soon make a new ^ and significant contribution." i Wilson Is Right · TOWA'S Sen. George A. Wilson is · * right as rain in his recently ex'. pressed view that a federal sales ; tax, or its equivalent, is Inescapa- -ble if America is to do even a '. reasonably effective job of halting ; the mounting national debt. · A day of regret is ahead if we "permit ourselves to pass through ."this period of expanded income · based on a synthetic war prosperity without going a long way to;ward paying for the war as we : fight it. " Our ability to halt the rise of ; the national debt, it must be as- · sumed, is very much greater than i our ability may be at a later time ; to service and retire that national · debt on a predictably smaller na ; tional income. ; A specially worked out income · levy designed to capture the lion's : share o f - t h e middle and lower ; bracket incomes bloated by thi · war might be evolved by our law- I makers. This formula has already ;been applied to the larger in . comes and war profits. ; Up to now, however, this has · not been done. The simpler and ^more likely approach is, as Sen- ^alor Wilson suggests, a stiff gen · eral sales tax. In many cases ! such a levy will hurt. But the ^pain from it will be as nothing · compared with the deep cut that ; would be inflicted upon our post- · war economy by a needlessly large -national debt burden. : Speaking of Smears " IN A SERIES of pseudo-news ; * stories designed as a protest " against the "smear journalism" of ; those who oppose it, a Chicago -morning newspaper makes use oi . the following terms on its own ac'. count: ; Muck, pinko, latrine detail, Iframeup, old hussy, backhouse ; liberalism, bottom of the cesspool, -Judaslike betrayal, anti-American, " loathsome shysters, professional ; b 1 e e d i n g hearts, Anglophile, · stooge, agent provocateur, com- Imunist, oriental morality, dung| heap, smelly group, goon squad, .zoot suit internationalist. ; The principal question raised by · this scries of articles is: "WHO'S : SMEARING WHOM?" OKAY, NO MILK, NO HAY! Look Out Below If the Nettuno beach action is describable as an "end run," perhaps it would not be amiss to refer to the nazis' current retreat in Russia as a "home run." * * * A contemporary recalls the good old days when "points" were merely what a straight line was the shortest distance between 2 of. £ "'£ John Bricker isn't one of those fellows who's easily badgered into the notion that the world is even approximately round. * * * Americans have been forced to learn both WHAT and HOW IMPORTANT atolls are in the scheme of things at the same time. Your Health By Logan Clendening, M. D. USES OF PENICILLIN I AM grateful that I have lived long enough to see a dream of my youth become a reality. When I was a medical student and young iiospital interne we--my colleagues and I--used to speculate on some chemical which would enter the blood and kill off germs without injuring the body cells. Salvarsan, which came in my ime, did the trick for syphillis, 3ut the nearest we came to any- :hing for ordinary germs was mercurochrome, which we used to live for blood poisoning. It ended he lives of only about twice as many blood poison victims as vould have gone ordinarily, and he experience made us suspic- ous. Then came the sulfa drugs with heir overwhelming success in ust this field, and now a new drug, penicillin, which seems to e in many ways even better than the sulfa drugs. We were told a decade ago that 10 new medical discoveries would be made by accident -- only by planned experiment--but the discovery of penicillin was an accident. In 1929 Dr. Alexander Fleming, a London bacteriologist, noticed that some of his plate cultures of the germ staphylococcus (the pus producer) were 1 contaminated by a mold, and that on the plates where the mold grew, the staphylococci did not grow. Following this up he identified the mold as Penicillium natatum and showed that on both cultures it displayed an inhibitory action on a number o£ germs both outside and inside the animal body. Since then researches have advanced our knowledge of this product by leaps and bounds. A suitable method of making a potent extract was found, the proper strength, or dosage, of the drug was determined, its toxic, or dangerous aspects recorded, and its administration was found to ' be effective only if given by vein, or into the muscle, or topically applied to an open wound. The world generally does not realize how much of this preliminary spade work has to be done before a new preparation can be tried out clinically. I know little about penicillin, even how to pronounce it, because it is not yet generally available for civilian practice, but many hospital centers of investigation have shown in what kinds of infections it is valuable. First come the pus infections with staphyloccocci. The sulfa drugs are effective against pneumonia germs (pncumococci) and streptococci, which causes certain kinds of blood poisoning, but not very effective against staphylococci. Now for staphylococci- boils, carbuncles, infected bone (osteomyelitis), middle ear disease and several other forms of staphylococcic infection', penicillin is an effective killer. For these it has been called bacterial dynamite. Against pneumonia and meningitis and gonococci infection it is also very effective. It. has the great advantage over the sulfa drugs that it is less toxic even when given in doses far above what is necessary for therapeutic results. LENTEN BEDUCIN'a DIET Saturday, 450 calorics: Breakfast--1 oranpe sliced, ro sweetening; i slice whole wheat loast, no buller or substitute- 1 cup coffee, no cream or sugar. Luncheon -- 1 medium size fisll ball made of leftover ri-h mo sailed: I lo- nijtp sliced, vinegar, lemon or mineral 011 drc^mc: 1 cup tea. no cream or sugar Dinner--I medium size i\vcelhrc.ld broiled: 2/3 cup cauliflower: apple and celery salad: 2 soda crackers, no bulter or substitute; I cup coffee, no cream or sugar: II cup clear soup may be adrlcd If desired). Pros and Cons Interesting Viewpoints From Our Exchanges When It's a Choice Albert Lea Tribune: It is tragic that historical shrines, too, are falling prey to war--like the famous Benedictine Monastery on Mount Ca"ssino. But when we are compelled to choose between the lives of our boys and destruction of historical relics--well of course} the latter must be first to go. American Soldier Can Cry Ames Tribune: The American soldier hates war. He fights to finish it, not to bathe in false glory. He is not immune to its suffering, and he can weep without shame at the loss of a comrade. But he can also fight with selfless, matchless courage to avenge that comrade. Community Club's Mission Sheffield Press: This organization has only one objective--that is to promote and support projects that are for the good of the community. Surely such a program should have the backing of every businessman in town. This Is a Voting Year Lake Mills Graphic: Our democracy is built around the right of franchise at the ballot box. The year o£ 1944 will give everyone an ample opportunity to express his wishes, in local, state and national government. Dewey, Quiet Campaigner Austin Herald: There are many kinds of campaigning. There is Dewey in New York, a sort of political squirrel hunter, who doesn't scare the game before the shooting season begins. Campaign Costs Down Clear Lake Mirrofr Maybe this is the time to run for office. It ought to make campaigning cheap when the politicians can't buy cigars, candy bars or even gasoline to do much driving. Mere Objecting Isn't Enough Clarion Monitor: Wendell Willkie is the only republican candidate so far who has declared his intentions. The republicans will have to do more than object if they expect to win. A Vote for Johnston Decorah Journal: Eric Johnston is one of the clearest thinkers in America today. He is the type of man we would like to see nominated for president on a nonparty ticket. The National Debt Contrast Boone News-Republican: By the way, did anyone attending a Jackson Day dinner call attention to the per capita national debt under Andrew Jackson? It stood at 0.00. Question of the Day Belmond Independent: Could it be that Hirohito might surrender even before Hitler's forces are smashed? Editorial of Day LEAVE POLITICS OUT OF IT! . S. JOHNSTON in Ottumwa Courier: A growing move to establish more veterans' hospitals here and there over the country is more of "the same old stuff," i n d i c a t i v e of the politician's method of remembering the home folk. Of course we will need a great many more hospital beds for the men of the present war But we have an excellent veterans' hospital system now. Why not expand Millions of dollars are invested in buildings, equipment and operating personnel. The basic work has been laid, solidly enough for wide growth. There are certain adjustment processes which have to be experienced in every community in which a hospital is located. That ground has been covered adequately with the maintenance of the present institutions. There is no need for bringing the experience upon other communities, except that the lure of "pork" is strong, too strong for some to resist. Use the hospitals we have as the foundation. Additional ground may have to be purchased, even buildings condemned and removed for the necessary expansion, but the aggregate cost will come far short of the millions spent building a host of new hospitals, just because somebody thinks it would be a fine thing to do. Did You Know? By Frederic J. Haskin EDITOR'S .NOTE -- Keiter, arilHm themselves of tbii fervica far OMtiflaf af fact -- not counsel-- shoul4 Biga their full name and addros ani laelM* 3 cents f«r retvrn **it*i«. A4trM r,lobe-Gj«elte InltmrnHm B m r . i T J. Haikin. Director. Kashlnr' . ton. [ c. Is Hie educational level higher for meii than for women? The 1940 census showed that the average educational level of women was slightly higher than that of men. However, the proportion of college graduates was higher for men than for women. How long was Edward Vln ktar of EntlandT He ruled for 325 days. Who said "Paris Is worth · mass?" Henry or Navarre, the first Bourbon king, who was crowned as a Huguenot, used the expression when he returned to Catholicism in 1593. How does an ostrich defend itself? The bird can kick with great ;peed and po\ver, but only in a forward direction. Where is the Volcan highway? It is a new highway in Mexico which follows the ancient road traveled by Cortez and his men. How maiiy lepers are there in the xvorld? From 2 to 3 million. Where was George Bernard Shaw educated? The writer was self-educated after his 14th year. Which are the larger steel mills, those in Monterrey, Mexico, or those in Birmingham, Ala.? The capacity of the steel mills in Birmingham is approximately 7 times that of the Monterrey plants. What islands recently were reported to have vanished from the South Atlantic ocean? Thompson and Lindsay islands, which have been on charts since 1825. What is a photostat? A device for making photographic copies of drawings, maps, manuscripts, etc., directly upon the surface of prepared paper with the image in correct position and not reversed as in a negative. Who wrote the first duet? Claudio Monteverdc in his opera Orfeo. What is a troika? A troika is a Russian team of 3 horses harnessed abreast. What is the temperature of the Solomon islands? The temperature at sea level varies from an occasional maximum of about 32 degrees to a minimum of 73. Are new-born babies able to see? Their eyes can distinguish light and perhaps ordinary objects. REMEMBER? From Globe-Gazette Files FOHTY YEARS AGO Mr. Ralph, local manager of the Western Union telegraph office, is in receipt of directions from the iiead office with instructions to receive wireless messages which are to he transmitted to vessels at sea. Ten words will cost 52. ' County Attorney H. H. Kepler of Northwood is in the city today looking after legal business. THIRTY YEARS AGO The women of the city will be allowed to vote at the school election only on the questions of taxation. They do not have the right to vote for school directors although a woman can be elected to the school board by the male voters if they so vote. The women will have the right to vote on all the questions which involve taxation submitted by the board at the school election. The men will decide entirely the question of the membership of board. Injunction proceedings will be brought in behalf of interested persons in Floyd county, in, and in the vicinity of, Rockford, against the city of Mason City to restrain it from emptying its untreated sewerage into Lime Creek. TWENTY YEARS AGO Munich--The public prosecutors reappeared in court today to continue the trial for treason of former Field Marshall Ludendorff.Adolf Hitler and others accused in connection with last November's nationalist "putsch." Mr. and Mrs. Ralph Wilson entertained the members of the Amici club Saturday evening.at their home. Cards were played, L. H. Winters receiving h i g h score. TEN YEARS AGO Wilson P. T. A. will hear an address on "Educating for Temperance" by Dr. T. E. Davidson at its meeting Friday afternoon at the school. Bobby Lennan will play violin numbers and Frank Wilkinson cornet- Miss Geneva Kriegcr will give a geography demonstration. An invitation to be listed in "America's Young Men." the official Who's Who among the nation's men under 40 years of age, has been extended to George Wolf. Albert Lea businessman and formerly of Mason City. The honor is considered one of distinction. Clover Couplets By Ray Murray of Buffalo Center IT'S NOBODY ELSE It isn't the kinjts or eoncreMmen. K Kn't the Will street crew, tt isn't the president we blame, It's, nobody else bat yoa! It iAn'l the farmers or lahorlnr men* It Irn't the social fen. It Kn'l tht governor at fault, It's nobody else but yon! II isn't i h e army or navy boys, It IMI'I some jerk or J e w . II iMTt t h e ladies of t). A. R., It"* noli ad · cKe hut voal Tor Ihe praJse or blamr r* bai ours namr So M'hMerer Vrft bf or Ho. Is tnr you tn hrar and we to Abate, It's nobody else but yon! OBSERVING The Gripsholm $090 ^ c 'an imagine that even * though the Swedish ship Gripsholm is no "luxury liner," no vessel will ever look as good to those who are aboard it at this time enroute to their home following an extended period ol tediously trying internment in Japan. More than any civilian vessel sailing the 7 seas, she will be freighted with historic memories when this war is over. The plain, factual statements of her log would make a best-seller. She's a neutral link between bitter enemies, sailing always on a voyage of humanity and mercy, and for thousands .she has b«en the gateway from despair to new hope. On the Gripsholm anxious married couples have been re-united after months of imprisonment, during which neither knew if the other were still living. On her children have been born, old friends have met after long separation, and pining prisoners, suffering from worry and despondency, have miraculously been returned to health' and hope. She has seen the arrogant Japs, "interned" in the lap of American luxury at Virginia Hot Springs, parade down her gang-plank with golf clubs and cases of American liquors and other luxuries, while gaunt, half-clothed, pain-wracked Americans waited in painful VICTORY VERSES TW MUftTMMrr «UN THAT CVM IXMCMO »» TMt MMUMLCS* OMB * NOtOHU Utm COUMCT eagerness to march up the gangplank and put forever behind them the memories of Japanese prison cruelty and deprivation. I think the story of the Grips- holm that will longest be remembered is that o£ the bountiful hospitality prepared by her ship's company for those poor, half- starved Americans whom she took aboard at Diego Suarez in Madagascar after they had been un- l o a d e d by some Nipponese "kaisha" or other, after a long voyage on which they were fed on rice and pickled fish. Do you recall the elaborate smorgasbord" that the Swedish captain and crew prepared for our emaciated compatriots? It 'had everything, the dispatches reported, that ever was served in a smoi-gas bord which means that it must have looked like Hcpven's own bounty to men and women who for months and years had been living on the yellow man's meager wartime rations. Neglect of a Duty (··IS thing it would be a break ·flgfor all of us if we had a grandfather like B. W.'s. When B. W. reached the age ol 21, his grandfather took him aside and extracted a promise from him that he would never miss votin" m an election. And B. W. never has. Not many have made such a pledge as that. This was proved not so long ago when our city's form of government was changed m an election which brought out only a little more than a third of the eligible voters -- less than half, at any rate. There have been school elections here in which not as many as 1 out of 50 of out- eligible voters took the trouble to go to the polls. What kind of democracy is that? In the face of this lack of interest on the part of the electorate, I think it can be said that our government, no matter how bad it be, is better than we deserv The Day's Bouquet To THE MASON CITY WOMAN'S SYMPHONY ORCHESTRA AND' ITS CONDUCTOR, MISS MARJORIE SMITH-- for carrying on this year in the face of wartime difficulties. To complete the instrumentation, it was necessary to do a "leap year draft." Eight o£ the 50 musicians will be men. A full high school auditorium should greet them at their concert Sunday afternoon. Mason City Glebc-Gaccttc Ar. A. W. LEE NEWSPAPER foued Every Week Day by the Mn.il City GUbj-Gii.lt. Pobliihlnc Co. 121-123 East State Street Telephone 3839 Friday March It, 1944 LEE P. LOOMl! . . . . Publisher W. KAIL HALL . - Minuinf Editor ENOCH A. NOB ESI . - . City Editor LLOYD L. GEEB · AjTtriI»in» Mrr. Entered us second-class matter April 17. 1930, at the poi'office at Mason City. Iowa, under the act of March 3. 1879. MEMBER ASSOCIATED PRESS. The Associated Press Is exclusively entitled to the use for republication of all neu's dispatchC5 credited to it cr not otherwise credited in this paper and 2l£o the local tiews published herein. SUBSCRIPTION KATES Mason City and Clear Lafe« by year. $10 Mason City and Clear Lake by week, 20c Outside JiX Mile /one--Per year, $10; 6 months $5.50; 3 months S3; I month 51. Outside Masoo City and Clear Lake anrf Within 1WJ Mile* of Mi ion City maA Outjide ef the Carrier Dfitricl* ef Mason City and Clear lake: Per year by carrier S1Q.OO Per week by carrier ,,, S .20 Per year by mail s 7.00 By mail 6 months S 3.75 By mail 3 months .,,.,S 2.00 SAMMY; WHAT HVTCNHJ ? ...OH..OSy WERE IN THAT BOMBER THEN...THBI SCORCHY'S WITH WHERE IS HE? HECK, DOC...I BEEN DROPPED ON MY HEAD EVER SINCE I CAN REMEMBER.' rTSTHE OTHER GUYS I'M WORRIED 'BOUT' SIT STILL, GUY.'THEY'RE SEWS TAKEN CARE OF... MU66S, MEBBE HEL.P MAKE iT EA.SY, -SAY HAP TiAJO POZEN .THEN SAV I WACKEP UP .KNOW IN' "SLU66ER AN TOOK A PO-ZEM ..... THEM I TAKE .\\jKAT HAVE TWO B1-ACIC EVES! - THS OPENINS weose is AND THENiBlT 8V BffT ANO OUR UOSEBUO . OSIVEN. DM W CONTACT WTH ASK HIM OUT TO wis HIS AfTECTIONS, CAN HAVE T»4E NICE OAHLINS JCONGHATULATE OiONT I TELL YOU UNCLE DAN WILL 6R4OUAU.Y O1NNEH-GET ON TILL WE CAN WSAN HIM THINGS THAT YOUR HUSBAND.'UNCLB C»N HE NEEDED MEN C* SMOOTH -mitJGS OVER.. HAS ENGAGED MV SERVICES AWAY FROM THAT TOUR ABILITY? AVJFUL ViQOO TAMIL* ^ G-COSH/ HE'S MAD HEY.GAL5/ GOMI: LrjEXO'5WQRD--IF CALL TH MILKMAIDS.' AM' WATCH TH' NOW HEAHS A BUU--FCHTAH$ HAT--AW' A RED CLOTH TO MAKE ^TTTTT^TH' BULL I--ANDWAir-J . COMES HIS GIRL INTO THE sruno."--Ttx BADTHS ISNT A TELEVISION SET. "-SHE'S PEETTV ASA PiCTUPE-- HEY -' ONE GUV'S GETTING, - I'LL CATCH AND TAKE CARE OF HIM-' ( HOLD IT, SANuV - LET HIM SO BUT HE'U-WARN THE CrrY TMAT WE'RE COMING i EXACTLY.' THfcT'5 WHAT 1 HOff HE DOES-'n I DON'T GET BUT.THEN NEVER V

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