The Evening Post from New York, New York on July 15, 1818 · Page 2
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The Evening Post from New York, New York · Page 2

New York, New York
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Wednesday, July 15, 1818
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1 , J i 5 v V 1 I From tht Edinburgh RtHew, fir the ninth e1 ' Account eyagi f discovery to the west coast tfCorea, and lb Ureal LotvChoo 1st - '' and with nppY1l taining chart, aad various oyorograpiuiai mou sciemiuc. oouui - Bv captain Basil 11 all, royal navy, F. R. S, . . ImJ. aod Edin. Mmher of the Asiatic Sort - rtr of Calcutta, of tbe Literary Society of itCBlDey, ants Of uio Docstny at ura buh ci - eticei at Datavia. ' And a vocabulary of the . LoCboo language: By H. J. Clifford, JUq Lieutenant Royal Nary. Loudon, 1813. We do not know when w. have met with two more pleasing work than those of which we hare just copied the titles. They mike ui proud of , our couutry, and put M in good tiumoor wiu, ir entries. Thev contain a Treat deal feu - rioas iofomatioa, too j but jt is their moral in - tereit that forms by far their greatest attraction. Thre is alwars sonaethinjr very interesting in an account of rude or remote races of men : Rot there is almost always something very paro ful (no. Ilamaa nature is often exhibited in to very low and miserable a condition, as to excite i nothing bat ceaimitc ration and disgust: or, - where outward circumstances have been more favourable, their moral state is so deplorable, a to give rise to feeling still more unwelcome Cruelty, duplicity, sensuality war without ge - erotity profligacy without elegance or (keen - cy debasing and sanguinary superstitions lawless tyrannies continual insecurity of life and property childish levity and caprice, or brutal apathy. Such is the picture, we fcar, of about three - fourth of our specie ; and if we eveatake the more riviliied communities, out of Europe or its colonies, we need only add the features of rreaterdissimulalioa and seluhncss more into I. ran t bigotry, and more prepocteroua national conceit, to oreserve the resemblance entire. But - if the spectacle of new countries thas yields little bat new (brail of human wretcneu. ueu and corruption, we are afraid there ij aoth - ' lug iu the ttsunl history of the intercourse be - tweea them and their enlightened visiters wtitcr. can verv much relieve or enliven the prospect. We have commouly appeared, and been treated as enemies and marked our footstep anion tttvia with blood. When this has not happened, or after it is over, we have eeoerally taken ad vantage of our superior knowledge or discipline, Iti emlave, plunder and oppress or at best hsve exchanged vices and diseases with our newly discovered brethren, aad brought me uuiani families of mankind into acquaiolaoreship, oult to increase their danger, their suffering", their mean of annoyance, and their knowledge oi evu. There have been exceptions to this: But they are very few ; and we know of nooo o itriking and complete as that which is recorded in the volumes btfbre ot none in which both parlies appeared to hare been animated with so cordial and disinterested a fceuug of good will and aflec - fioo and in which that mutual feeling was mutually so well deserved. These two books both contain an account of tbe proceeding of the ships of war, which accompanied our late embassy to Cliiaa ; andof course, coincide in a good part of their contents. This coincidence, however, is only partial, and by no means distressing ; for Mr. M'Leod has aspired to give hit reader aa acrount ol the whole voyage from Eugland and back, while captain Hall, we conceive with better judgment, has confined huctjlf to that part of their track which had Uie recoutmendaiion of novelty. He could afard, therefore, to be more particular ; and his Look, accordingly, is not only on tbe whole the moit interesting, but also by much the largest ol th two. The most remarkable part ot Mr. M'Leod's, is his account of the wreck of the Al - cestt, and the conduct and condition of her crew aod commander,, till they were relieved fruia ' Batavia. , . I After tbe ambassador was landed in the Yellow Sea, the two vessels that accompanied him were ordered on a cruise to the east aod south, in order to ascertain the geography of the Coreait coast and the adjoining island and it i to the results of - this expedition that captain Hall has limited his narrative. llis account is gives atetl - ly in the lorn of a journal in a very easy, unassuming, and lively style in the language and manner of a gentleman and a mau of the world and not only with much acute observation aud just reflection, but with innnila good humour, iBodeity and candour. They toon fell in with the coast, and landed en two ot three of the adjacent island. The in habitants appear to be unequivocally a race ol Chinese, and use the tame written character, though their spoken lantrjasre is itirely differ ent. Though quite pacific in their deportment, their great desire was evident I v to get rid, at toon as possible, of their curious visiter ; for which purpose they tuedaM tort of anxious sigoi aad intimations and when these proved inefiec tual, took them resolutely under the arms, and walked them down to the beach ! They showed very little curioiit v. and no admiration or sense of inferiority j but, on the contrary, maintained a proud aad somewhat imolent manner, giviuj way now and then to burst of derision. They did not seem to know the value of money, and would make no presents, and scarcely receive any. 1 hey kept their women most jealously te - clud;d from the view of their vuitort. They are rather small in suture, though robuit Some of them seemed marked with small - pox They are well clothed in cotton of various co lours, and seemed abundantly supplied with " provisions. A few days after this firt encounter, lis voyagers came to a more thickly inhabited pvt o! the coait, airl were met ou lneu approach by a great cavalcade of boats, crowded with people, and ornamented with flags aud streamers of all colours. Under a great blue umbrella, in one ol the largest, they fount! a fine patriarch 1 figure, with a huge white beard flowing below hi mi Mir, and over the fold ol the vast blue silk mantle in which bis person wa enveloped, tie wore a light hat of varnished gauM work, apparently ot hone Lair, with very small sharp crown, and near tnree fet broad in the brim ; and had a little black rod tipped with til vor in hit hand. He received the otficera who bad approached in their boat, will great civility and unembarrassed politeness, au accompanied them aboard the frigate, where, after delivering a long harangue, be dictated a bd - lct to bis secretary with great solemnity, and put it into captain Maxwtli1 hands, with tbe tuutt apparent confidence of it being undentood a counjeucenet Very Unnatural, perhaps, to those who are daily accustomed to tea their written characters adopted by person who are utter i ringers to tneir speech. Captain Jlaxwell very judiciously called for paper in return; aod writing a tew words in English, presented it with all due solemnity to hi Vuitcr, who, after turning it in all directions, and submitting it to tbe con dVrtioo of his secretary, wa obliged to giv p all cooveut,onl means of communication, and to Us recours, to tli, natural language of sin. Oa Use approach of night, n. ord ni and Mated mto h own ; when h. wW Vt. .UMt ter,t0ra 10 th lh0 - e. " But there was .till somrthm; ami,, ; (or the old man, Mated in state under ha umbrella, re - uiaineu aioocsul mtk tils aittuJ.ui. i the deck about bin, he and hi. n,.i. k the enost perfect silence, and makinno iurn, U explain hi wuhes. We were uiu pPBueroaa wanted ; till at length wat suggested, that having paij u. Ia H e v. - A a ssavRst lk 1 .1 . ' vmt, be expected a.sijuJar cotnoHmeat in r.. kturn. 1 hit idea wal no sooner ttiited. than w $ ed to im T our resuect to him io hii Wi ade signs fur ui to sit down, honoring us at i iiwe wiin a corner m Ou own mal i were seated, be kicked kbont a if in ng noiosng to eotertaio n with, a bottle of wise wat etet for aad . to as the did On to was eye and this bid, the of out the istic no on ate else and first mat nese to and ply not as De are wa he he t - y. BJ sigas (or at to drink, but would .not tasu it himself UU all of nt bad been served. He was nowise discomposed at being obliged to entertain hit company at their own expense I on the contrary, be carried off the whole affair irh' much cheerfulness and ease, a to make us inspect sometime that be taw aud enjoyed the oddity of the scene aod circumstance, as fully we did ourselves." Next day be paid another visit aboard, and drank tea aod cherry brandy with great sociality ) but, in retirinc, he displayed hi authority over hi attendant in a vory characteristic way. ' Un patting tbe gun - room sky - light, be beard voice of soma of hi people whom the offi cers bad taken below, aud who were) enjoying tnemseive very merrily, amongst their new ac quaintance. The old chief kwked down, and observing then drink in? and makinz a noise, he called to them in a loud passionate voice, which maue mem leave their glasses, and run up tbe bidder in great terror. From thence the alarm spread along the lower deck, to the midihip - oieo't birth, where another party wa caroasiug. The grog and wine with which they had been entertained was too potent tor this party, as they not teem to care much tor the old chief, who, potting himself at tbe hatchway, avertained, by personal examination, who the offenders were. this occasion, bit little rod of office wat ol much use ; be pushed the people about with it make them speak, and used it to turn them round, in order to discover their facet. - One mau, watcniug hit opportunity, when tho chief pusninr away at somebody who had just come up, slipped past and ran off ; but the quick oi uie ou mnn wat not to easily deceived, he set off in chase of him round the quarterdeck. The man had an apron full of biscuit. which had been given to him by the midJiipruen; impeded his running, to that the chief, notwithstanding his robe, at last came up withhiin ; while he wa stirring him up with his rod, fellow slipped his cargo of bread into a coil rope, and then went aloog with the chief qui etly enough. Tbe old mau came back after wards, aud found the nucuit, which he pointed to us, to iliow that it had nut been taken a - way. He cvmoued for some time at the hatchway, expecting more people ; but linditi" none como up, he weut below himself, tt the main deck, and rummaged under the guus aud round aiain - ma - it, to Uiwover whether any one was concealed; but liodingoo person there, lie came again npoa deck, and shoitly aficr wcut iulo his uoat." We may add the following - just and character passage to complete the picture aud it is doubt a very engaging one of Coreau maw - nert. "In the mean lime, cant. Maxwell Inl come board; and breakfast bciuj ready, we pre - vailed upon the chief to til down with tit. He heartily of our hashes, and of every thin that wat put before him, using a knile, fork, spoon, which he now saw, probably, for the time in hit life, not only without awkward - nets, but to such good purpose, that he docliocd exchanging them ibrCninese chop - stick!', which were prowueil tor turn. In fact, ho was so de termined to adopt our cuHoas ia every respect, wnen Uie tea was offered to huu in the Chi way, he looked to the ruhl aud kit ; aud seeing ours differently preiared, held up his cup Uie servant, lor milk and sugar, which being given to him, the old geutleinau remained per - leciiy tatnuco. The politeness and ease with which lis ac commodated himself to the habits of people so different from himself, were truly admirable ; whm it U considered, that hitherto, in all probHbility, he was urnoraul eveu of our exist ence, hi propriety of manners should teem to point, not only to hih rank in society, but to im also a degree of civilaa'iou in that society, confirmed by other citTYiut&nces. He tlii it mny, the incident if kirioas, as showing, that however different thCttate of society may in L'lliereul countries, the forms ot politene much alike in ail. This polished character was very well sustained by the old chief ; as he pteised with our attempt to OMige bum, and whatever we teemed lo care about, he' immediately took aa interest in. He was very iu - iiuuTtlve, and wat always hijrhly gratified wik - b discovered tho use of aoy thing which had puzzled turn at nrst. But there was no idle surprise, no extravagant burst of admiration ; and certainly would be considered a mau of good breetiiDr, and keen observation, in an? part of uie wcrw." .... - - The character, however, is not quite to noes eptionable at tho manners; and, even during the brief period of theiracnuaintance, the harsh ness, the inV'eci.'itv and selfishness of the half savage was striking ly developed.. The old chief was Ion I of quarrelling and chastisine hit atten dant, and had one of them severely bastinadoed lor some very slight olidnce ; while all Uie rett joined in mockery of his cries and l:aicntatious. w aen the oincers at last insisted on returniug his vi its on shore, he appeared extremely distressed ; and intimated, by many signr, that it would coat him his head if be were to permit it. How ever, though surrounded by a great siumi:tive population, he made uo resistance ; and they accordingly landed along with him. The old man wat lifted out of the boat by several of his people, aud we were amazed to find, when they let him down, that be was in tears, and looking altogether very unhappy. In a few minutes a crowd, coni?tiiig of more than a hundred people, assembled round ns, and we began to think we should pay dearly for our curiosity. Hut Uie poor old man had no thoughts of vengeance, and was no belter pleaded with tne cruwu uiho we were ; lor, turning to Im soldiers, h desired them to disperse the uvh, whicl they did in a moment by pelting thein with great stones. The chief now brpn cryin; violently ; and, turning towards tho village, walked away, leaning his head on the shoulder of ono rf hir people. At he went aloog, be not only Kl.b( J aod wept, but every uow and then belbwtd a I lood. We bad been nowise prepared for such a scene, and were extremely soiry for having puibed matters to this extremity. It had never occurred to us that the oi l chitf'i head wu really in danger ; and even now we could no; satisfy ouoehet whether he wis tincerr, or merely acting in order to prevail on us lo rciire. The perfect tranquility, nay even chci - rluluess of Uie oouriier, who staid with us all this Inr.e, puzzled ui extremely : nor could we account lor the iuduTurence ol the other attcndauls, who looked on with at much cnmpoure at if such scenes were e very - day occurrences, fint at all events, it was necessary before proceeding any - further, that the old man should be pacified and in order to effect tint, we tat down on the beach, upon which he turned abeut and came cry in; back arata.' The partv good - humouredly repressed Ibeir curiosity, when they saw bow much distress it occasioned ; and, after doing all Ibey could U cherr the poor old man, returned to their ship; without entering tbe village, and sailed away. 1 hey cow entered upon a scene utterly unknown to Leropeaa navigators, ana more invariably beautiful than ever before repaid the toils and hazardt or discovery, u We threaded our war for oowa'dsof a hua - dred mite amongst islands which lie in immense duller in every direction. At first we thought oi counting umd, and even attempted to note weu - place on the chart which e were ma - amg oi un coast ; but their great number ci m - r - Kiwiv oenieu tnoie endeavours. They verv u se, Iroro a few hondrett miles in lertrth to tre or vx miles, end areoi ell Cane. Kran the Li j er ewpe were perceived lyins one oeliind the other to the eestand tnsjMiv at far Ausufret! .iW, re , vKI Jrom jii mte efc't smooth, uiewe. - i. - .Ij ., 7,al w U'UU wooded an - ! s iiiiairn an 1 1 ia r iu ssi.. . 1 - - - "t - . 'u - . Kine wassttMl Ut ordered aa attendant torourl hvcly, and was rendered still mm intrr - Igwls, and pu&ag the boUl - 1 e,UrJ 1 J vur tjid pasme alung tbe coatt, by which tht appearance atool fei wen perpetually changing. Of Out coast we"had chatU po - noaeofth placet at which we touched being laid down wdhia sixty mils. tbeir proper places. Ouly a few itlauds are noticed n ray mPi kru ihm mail, lor hear 4wo hundred miles, is completely ttudded with then, to tltc distance of fifteen or twenty leagues from the main land. These inaccaracie in the chart naturally gave of interest to this part of the oygetrt (I navigation being at all timet uncertain, ana uiieo dangerous, couwi;eu!:u - inir minrUii itself with the satisfaction produ ced by so new and splendid a scene. We always anchored during the night, or when the rides, which were very .rapid, prevented our proceeding in the deliberate manner absolutely required by the nature of the circumstances. An instance of the neceMity of the preotsntiont occurred on the 7th of September, at tour o'clock in the afternoon, when, it beiittt ouite calm, we were drifting along wila the tide, which suddenly shifted and carried ot rapidly towardt ret f of rocks, which wa invisible till the strong rippling of the water showed, ui our danger : we let go the anchor immediately, but the jerk wat to great at to break tbe Lyra's cable. A second anchor, however, brought her up at a sufficient distance from the iwf Thry landed on several of those islands, all of wnicn twarna wiin muauiiaoii , uuu kiuuu prc"j uuiformly the tame impatience on the part oi tne natives to get rid of them - tbe tauiH Jealous seclusion of their women aod the tamo pacific though repulsive deportment that bad t'.rucK ttieat on their brst approach witu uie tome gen eral appearance of comfort esid gooooruer. II it curnu to tbink of this livins frinzeof cuihva tod Islands peopled, to all appearance from tbe earliest ages, hy millions of polished aad instructed human beings, who have uev - r till now, hern known to the active tearchert of this little gloof, nor at all aware of their existence, and to whom all our karmne, our tradition, our histories and occupntion - i, are at insignificant at the theories uf (lie Moonih'S are to ui. This archipelago is not the work of insects ; and the islands are not surrounded with coral reeft. Whether they are Uie relict and skeleton ol a disintegrated conn neut, or the buds and germs of a new one, we leave to treologistt to utstertnine, or at least to dispute. Uur adventurers saw uuiiocxsanc poultry in abundance hut could obtain no supplies. They also observed nuiuhtn of crows, apparency of tbe tame tpeciet as in F.iirTipe. On the 13th of Srpicruhtr, they turned away from thit garlund of islands, without having by any meant got to the end of it ; and, entering tbe Japan tea, stood to the south for Hie Great Loo - Choo. They pasted a remarkable volcano called Sulphur Islitnd, but could not l.ind oa account of tbe turf ; and came in light of tho thore they were ia search of in the close of the following day. The first interview with the inhabitant wat promising, and nnt delusive. While the boats were awnv. teveral natives came off to (he Lyra. A'o people that we have yet met with have been so incndiy : lor, uie moment they came alongside, one bunded a jar ot water ui to us. and' another a basket of boiled sweet potatoes, without asking or iceming to wih for any recompense. J heir manners were Senile and respectful; they uncovered their heads when inour presence, bowed whenever they spoke to us ; and when we gave thtm some ruin, they did not drink it till they had bowed to every person round. Another canoe weut near the Alteate ; aud a rope being thrown to Jliem, they lied a fish to it, and theiinaJdled away. All this seemed to promise well, and was particularly graleiul afUr (he cold repulsive manners of the Coreant.' Aih r the thipi were anchored, they catie a - hoard in great num!wrs. Captain Hallgivos this lively and distinct account ol the deportment and appearance of the higher clatset. ' Their maimers are rctnarkablygentle and unassuming. They are oliservant, and not without curiosity ; but they require encouragement to induce thuin to come forward, lieing restrained, it would teem, hy a genteel seif - deinal, Irotu grati - fvinsr curiixitv. left it mi" lit lw thouaht obtrusive Thuir dress is singularly eractfu! ; it consists of a loos tluwiog rch - , wilh vry wide tirevet, tied round the middle I'V u toad tich belt or eir die of wrought tillt. a yellow cylindiicol cap, end a neat straw sandal, over a snort cctton boot or stocking - Two of the chiefs wore light yellow rohet, the other dark bloc, treaked with white, allofrotton. The cap it flat al top. They all earrv tin, which they ticlt in thairxiwtowsfcn ant iit use ; and each person hasa abort fF'ui iy pipe in a small Iiaer, hangir. along iwuch, at the giidle p. till, CD. I m - The following dutenption applies toJ iole population. V4 The variety of colour and px'.tern In ti; dress - etof the people to - day, it rtmarka'de. Vlany wear nrinted cottons, others have cotton dresses with the pattern drawn on it by hand, iutead of being stamped ; hut bine, in all its shade, it the prevalent rolour, though there wire many dresses resembling in every respect Highland tartant. The children, in general wear morclhowy dresses than Uie men ; and of the dress of the women we can say nothing, a none have yet been seen. fcvery peison has mieof the girdles helore de - srritied, which is always of ad.ff rent colour from the dress, and is in general, richly ornamented wi'.hfliwers in eratiossed tilk, and tomeiiroct with Ritld and tilver threads. Thit drest it naturally to graceful, that even the lowest boatmen have a picturesque appearance, i neir nair, which Is ot'a glossy black, is shaved off the crown , hut the bare place is concealed by their mode of dressing the hair in a close knot over it. Then beardt and mu.tachiot are allowed to grow, and are kept neat and smooth. They are rather low in stature, but arc well firmed, and have aa easy graceful carriage, which tuiti well with their flowing dress. Thrir colour it net good, tome ucing very dark and others nearly white ; but in most instance! they are of a deep eopper. 'I bis is fully compensated for by the tweetneM and in - teligence of their countenance. Their eyes, which are hl.u k, hav a placid expre - tion, and their teeth arc regu'ar and beautifully white. In deportment they are modest, polite, timid, and rcp? tiul ; and in short, appear to be a most interesting and amiable people.' 7tf be tonrhrftd tn oir nrrt. AEir - YotiK Et'&MXQ FUST. WEDNESDAY, JULY li. PtnsacoliU we cony believe the accounts in tho Mobile Gazette of June 19, a strange state of things prevail at Tensacola. Spanish laws arc said to prevail as to every thing except the custom house and revenue laws ; and as to those the laws of the U. States are io fcrce. Both Spanish and American properly Las been seised in the port of Pensaccla, and sent to the U. Stile for adjudication; and there are complaint on the part of the Spanish garrison and subjects, that the articles of capitulation of the fort of Barancas, have not been strictly observed on our part. The uufortunate are always apt to complain. General Jacksun'sdL'pntrhet to the government, whit h the Intelligencer informed us, tomo days since, were received, wi.1, perhaps, when published, set matters in their true light. We learn from Washicg'o that tbe Spanbh miuiiler had an interview with the secretary of state last Wednesday, on the subject of general Jackson's taking possession of Pcofacola. Tbe corporation have given the deaf and Jumb asylum in this city 500, aad granted them a - i apartment in the old alms - bouse fur a schoolroom. Mr. Silas E. Burrow, it appointed bearer of1 deppxlcbet to our minbter ' Sweden, and will tail from tkwtoti lor Europe in a few days. Tbe French corvette Expeditif, which arrived bare a few day sine from Fraoce via t. Fe tors, (M. F.) brought out a ute governor and law for the iohabitatiU of the Utter place. , To torrttpndtl take (U nrst oerttion to tneurtTjIfr. H, R. that If J had had the least tut - pkiea ef what ha aggest, my paragraph of 8atr nrday Woald not bavo aFpear ed. itismywuu that real merit should be known and rewarded, and, in my desire to contribute towardt it, I may have been misled, but it only from more pre cise Information that I can believe yet that I have been Imposed on. For thi porpot I ' he elad to see II. R. as soon as I find myself well enough to return to my office. Fair plug i j'etref t7t vorld ever, it reeiV' ed, and deserve and (hall have a parf caj&r consideration the first moment I feel myself well Miuioh. The transaction it a cross one, and should not past onnoticed in the community. The line entitled " Alarming", are much at the service of ft. From the National InteUigencer, July 13, Tim Jllinoi Teriity It would appetr doubtful, frorp the following extract from an Illinois newspaper, whether the act of Congress for the admission of that territory into the union can at present take effect, seeing that the population falls below the estimated amount of forty thousand souls, and that the act of Comrres reauire. at a preliminary to the formation of a state constitution, " that if it shall appear, from the enumeration directed to be made by the legislature of said territory, that there are, within the proposed eUte, not less than forty thousand inhabitants " From the lUinoii Intelligencer. The fact that our population will not amount to forty thousand, having become generally known, we understand that some doubts are entertained as to the propriety of electing members of the convention. The diversity of opinions which prevailed on this subject, was such as to induce us to enquire of Mr. Pope, upon his arrival, as to what were hi views on the subject ; and he gives it as his opinion that it will be proper to elect a convention, and for them to meet. And, if it should appear from the returns made, thar we have not forty thousand, then for the convention to pass an ordi nance, nuthoi - ising an election for members of convention after the last returns shall he maue, which are to be made in the first week of lit cember next. Anil if we then have forty thousand souls, that such a convention will have the riirht to frame a constitution. Thin construc tion, Mr. Popd contends, is in conformity with the spirit and intention of the act of Congress : That intention being1, " that if we have forty thousand at any period, during the time which the commissioners are authorised to take the census, that we shall then be able to form a state government." This construction seems to correspond with reason, and we hope the honest vigilance of the commissioners authorised to take the census will not be sulli - red to sleep so long as our population is found increasing. PHILADELPHIA, July 14. Hail i.'erm Last evening, July 13, the steam boat from Baltimore, between North Point and the mouth of the Susquehanna, experienced a very violent storm. The lightning was remsrk - ably vivid and rapid, and we are Assured by twe resectable gentlemen, who were passengers in the ttcam boat, that many of the had which fell on the deck were at large as nutmegs. The heat. We have seen various statements of tbe degree of heat on Saturday and Sunday, the 11th and lilth inst. As usual the reports vary according to the different situations of the thermometer ; but one gentleman who has for more lhau SO years, been in the habit of making obserra.ions, informs u, that' for the last 18 yean be hat had the time thermometer in the seme place, in the passage of his dwelling bouse, and that until Saturday Die snerenry an that situation has never risen to 91 degree. On that day. it rosfe to 9 1 degrees, and to remained from 6 to 7 o'clock P. M. On Sunday it rose to 05 degrees, ami continued at that heyht from 3 to i o'clock I'. M. Afler 10 o'cloc k ia the evening, it wat standing at 91 degrees. Other thrraio metert ranged from 96 lo 102 degrees, and eveo higher, according to their exposure, tn t he thafo. Sudden deaths The following arc all Ihe sud den deaths which have come to the knowledge of the coroner, for twenty - four hours, com mencing on Saturday evening. On Saturday evening, a foreigner died in tVa - tcr - strect, ia consequence of the excessive heat and the free ue of cold water. On Sunday, a man wa carried inio Dr. Davis' in Eighth - street, where he died from the effects of drinking cold water. He has left a wife and two small children. Barnard M'Carrah and Dennis M'Core, both strangers and lately arrived from Europe, died alto from the extensive ute of cold water ; the former at Hamilton village, aud the Uller at the Centre Square in this city. Joseph Uurke, long an inhabitant ot I'bitanet - phia, was found dead in bed, in the tavern ol Mrs. A Item us, in North - alley. A man died on board a vessel lying at Flin - tbam's wharf ; his death was produced by the heat, and drinking cold water. Died yesterday, ou board the ship Diadem, io corurqticiice of drinking ccld water, John Crawford, aged about 27 year, a native of Belfast in Ireland. BALTIMORE, July 13. From Porto Riro. From cant. Carroway, of the sloop Howard &: James, arrived at Norfolk on the 7'.h ii st. in 1J days from Porto Kico, we learn, (ays the Bacon,) that a British frigate (believed to be La Pique,) arrived at Aguadilla on tho Illth of June, for the purpose, as suppos ed, ol examining the harhors and port! of rortn Ki o, having previously looked carefully into all the port, bays and harbors of St. Domingo. Cant. C. further slates, that contributions bad hern recently levied oo the inhabitants of Porto llico, for the purpose of putting the fortifications al Ihc west eud of the island in a good state of repair, and considerable military preparations were manifest in that quarter of the Maud, the object of which we are left to conjecture. from St. Thomas. By tbe arrival at Norfolk of the schr Columbia, in 1 1 days from St. Thomas, papers cf that bland to the 23d ult. have been received. They contain no newt but upon the margin of the latest date it a written memorandum, in these wordt : " It is reported. thit general Bermudes ha been defeated by the royalist at Cumana." This report was brought to St. Thomas ly tome of Uie royalists who came there for supplies. At New - Lisbon, Ohio, on the 50th May, Mr. Robert Combs, who had been ploughing in the field with two horses, perceived a thunderstorm riin, aud unhitched bis horses, maunted one aod drove the other, intending to find a place ol shelter had not pqpeeeded far, when an old tree fell and instantly killed the hone, and crushed and confined him under iL The other horse proceeded home alone thit alarmed Mrs. Comb, who went to look for her husbaad, and found bin in extreme misery with the tree lying aero his back. &he could not relieve bun, and had to go about two mile for assittluce. After I. . ... t r . .. , I ns wm tun i row uouer we tree uo uvea out iva wurs. rrict"e report On Sunday, the coroner was called to view the body of Frederick Croueskv, a Russian a soldier at Bedlow' Island, about 35 years of ajre; came to his deai by drowuinir while bathine. Same day, wat called to view tbe bodies or twootber persons - ;' to mit, lU - tert Xeiblt, Ko IB lUrroan - lireci, agen v years Galagber, No. 44 Henry - street, aged ,S0 years, who catne to their dealb by being overheated. . ' . "t - An inquest was also held jesteixlsy on uie body of Mr. Deborah Lund, wife of Hause Lund, at Pio. Ila Laoeny sireci. Murder y poiivn. FROM OUR CORRESPONDENT - Office of the Freeman's) Journal, l'hiiadelphia, July 14 noon. S. n.iw Pir'ific - SlurB. from Canton, with rinm at tens, silks, nankeens. &c. Left .t WhiRino. 2Xh of Feb. ships Neptune, Fish er, just arr. from Philadelphia j Ann and Hope, Kelly, from Providence, just arr. and bound to Europe ; Unicorn, of Baltimore, (arrived) t Fly ing Fish, Fitch, of Boston, from N W Coast, for Bio Janeiro Aula, Winthrop, of Boston, from N. W. Coast. CaDtain Sharp, left Macoa, 2d. March, and fell in with in the Strait of Sunda, ship Zephyr, Betnell, of Providence, for Holland, and ship Mida, F.ndicott, of and for Salem, who left Macoa, 28th Feb. and with them wa detained 13 days by strong westerly winds and currents. Left Java lieud 5th April 7th, parted the Zephyr t 9th, the Midas. Spoke the Midas, on the 17th, and left her in tat 2U, S. lone 68, E. all well June SO, lat. 2 1, long. 55, spuke British brhr Ketrieve, fquires. H davs from Maraiiham. for Liverpool, all well. July 5, lat. SO, long 67, spoke a brig, 10 days from Boston for Havana, all well. Ship Wm P. Johnson, Gilles, from Liver pool. Brig Fanny, Uarclny, from Lisbon. Sch Martha. Dennrson, from New - York. DIKi), Yesterday morning', in the 66th of bis age, Mr. Andrew Loit t he friends of the family are requested to attend his funeral, without farther invitation, this afternoon, at 5 o'clock ; to move at 6 o'clock precisely, from bis late residence, No. 53 Chappie - street. Yesterday, at noon, Miss Ajjnes Newby, el - dest daughter of Mr. Kobcrt s. Newby.of this city, in the lSth year of her aire. The friend of ihe family, and of Mr. Jas. Muart, ai e invi ted to attend the funeral Him afternoon at 0 o'clock, without further invitation, Horn 78 Puie - street. On Saturday evening last, at Brookljn, Mr. William Byrne, or Athens, eldest tun of James Byrne, late auctioneer of this city. On the 1 1th initaut, athisseM in East - Chester, Hnbert Uo!, Esq. late of this city. At Philadelphia, after a lingering illness, in the 98th year of her age, Mrs. Catharine Uush. &r.VIJfG POST LiiT. CLEARED. Schr Jobanna'i Mary Anu, Maryatl, Matanzas It Jacobs, Dart, Carlton, .Norfolk Sloop Traveller, Cory Boston .iHUntl) MIS FORE.VOOr. Rrig Martha Pond, Stow, 24 hours from Mil - ford. (Conn.) with ballast, to D L Baldwin. Sch Kmelinc, Mersercait, 5 day from Norfolk, with shingles, to the master. On Sunday last, spoke sch Coaster, Hart, from N York for Norfolk. Sch Stamper, Nichols, 6 days from Boston, with dry goods, flih and fruit, to E Hurrill & W Cahoone, J Titcumb Co. Van Mortwkk & Miller, and others. Sloop Superior, Davis, 6 day from Boston, wilh brandy, &c. to sundry persons. Sloop Ageut, Child, 4 days from UiUtol, with molasses aud rum to C Malibrau, and the master. Sloop Elixa, Donrh, 4 days from Providence, wilh gin aod dry g ods to T. Tinker. Sloop D. B. Jones, Cahoone, 3 day from Newport R. I. with merchandize. Sloop Boston, Wood, 3 days from New - Bedford, with fidi to the master. Sloop Fame, Hale, 3 days from Bristol, It. I. with sug - ir, to K Alalihran. - The steam host iV), Capt. Mary, made her passage this forenoon from Shrewsbury dock to Whitehall, in 5 hours, against a strong ebbtide, and fresh. northerly wind; distance bt tween 35 and 40 mile. Bostuw, July 12. Arrived sloop Delight, Perry, 4 days IVom New - York. Sch Sallv, Weeks, 15 davs from Wilmington, (N. c.) Arrived brlow, brig Mry Sz J:ic, Rrown, 21 days from Havana. Spoke, lat. S3 51, N. Ions; 73 51, W.ship Independence, 3 N York for Liverpool, all well A sch from Lisbon. ' ALEiAxpau, July 6. Arrived sell. Henrv Clay, Pabbot, 1 1 days from Black Beard's Isl and, coast of Cturgia. Long 78, laU 32 10, spoke sch Mary, from N. York, bound to Sa vannah. Sch Mary, Norton, 17 davs from St. An drews. Sch Midas, Bears, 12 days from floston. Brig Susan, Woodbury, 14 dnys from Portland. Brig Cumberland, Kelson, 15 dayi from St. Thomas. Julv 4, 20 leairues E.of Cape Henry, spoke brig Meritorious, 5 days from N York, bound to Charleston, S. C. Niw - Haves, July 8. Arrived, brig - Shep licrdcss, Lines, 50 dnys from Palermo. The brig , Barney, of Boston, and a Boston ship left Palermo, about the 5th of May, for Messina. June 3, spoke ship Schuylkill, .edheir, 14 davs from lasbnn, for rlnladel phia, lat Go, N. Ion 36, W. OHT Madeira was boarded by the privateer True Patriot, and de tained half a day took from us a half pipe of wme, 1 hot lemons, '2 bairs lilorrtt. and 2 s i vcls after keeping them some time, ;'iey wtre returned, with the assurance that if thev had been under any other Haff they would have hauled aft their fore sheet and kept them. BjLTinnNC, July 13 Arrived, brijy Virginia, De l.a Roach, 45 davs from Oporto Mav 28, lat 40 30, Ion 17 20, spoke brig Fanny, from Philadelphia for Opoi o. June 20, lat 42 1 1, Ion 56 II, spoke sch Betsey, Turner, from Lisbon for Boston. 29th, lat 40 30, long 67 30, spoke brij Unity, Thomas, from Liverpool for Baltimore, with many passengers. Julv 1. lat 40 45, Ion 69 21, ship Alligator, from Ireland for N York, many passenger. 2d, lat 39 10, Ion 72, brig Adrian, Sterret, from Portlaud, for Baltimore. The Virginia fell in with several island of ice, between the lat of 45 10, and 45, N. and was on the Saguet Bank, Uie 16th day out, since which she has experienced almost continual S. W. and W. winds, with thick foggy weather, which forced her as far to the N. as 45 10. On thi 12th June, in very thick foggy weather, discovered a large island of ice, about 60 yards ahead, and when she wore round was only about 15 yards off. Out side the Capes, the Virginia passed 3 ships and 2 brigs, and several fore and aft rigged vessels, apparently oouna in, one of which ships came in same day. Tbe Quarterly Meeting ofllie Manager, Superintend!, and fear hers of the New - York rilind.1V School 1,'ninn Hnruta a.111 h Thursday afternoon next, at 4 o'clock at the ciiiriLru inunn ia veGar - ireei. Member of the Society, and pert ons friendly to the luttitation, are resptctlully innt id to ut - tend. The SiiDerintrndfltittt . r vrti.l. tn n.. tual in their attendaaxe wilh their respective Ke - NOTlCii. $y Th subscriber have formed a emnrrec - tian in business, under tli firm of. U F. T. Lathrtp. u15 3f Frank T. - lathrtp. BROAD WAT CIRC U S', eeeeeOeoeee T MADAME atUZSIX'S BEJfEFIT, Aad her last appearance Uus leasoo. Madam Caotein, ever grateful for the libara! applause of the enlightened cititen of thit city, most respectfully iniormt them innt ner t)uut - wdl take place ibis evening. Madam C. ap peals to a generous community, with a bop that her exertions to please have keen attended with success, and on this occasion htr appeal will not be in vain. ConbdeuUy assured, that such will not be the case, she has selected a variety of eu - tertainmenls, for the evening, most of which have never been performed in the United States. THIS EVENING, JULY 15, 1818, The performance will commence with the .Vi - Mary Xafiavertt. f'orfurtur particulars tee , Y Tickets may be had at the circus, from 10 o'clock, A. M. to 1 P. At. add from 3 to 5. Doors will be open at 7 o'clock, and the per forraance commence precisely at 0. No t monk inn allowed. Chrckt not transferable, tieiilleuieo are requested nut to enter the riiiff. rjj - A special meeting of the Trustees of Columbia Cnlleire, will be held at the College. on Saturday the 18th inst. at X o'clock, A. M. J 15 3t . v. muuke, cik. tUGAR.COl TON SALT PEl llE. HOFFMAN Si GLASS will tell ut Auction on Thursday next, at half past XI o'clock. ti:e cargo of tho ship Lraganta, from Calcutta, consisting ot 5UU hugs of uutigiipore I 304 do Bogga SUGAR J!i alo Benaret i 333 do - SaltPetre 1000 balet of Bengal Cotton. 3 15 UOLD PATEXT LEVERS AT AUC. TJO.Y. JOS. C. COOPElt will sell to morrow rcor - ning, at Kirk 8t Mccein long room, 30 Wall - street, a handsome assortment of ruld patent lever watches ; do tilver do. horizontal, duplex, musical, repeating aud plain tl box containing i:au u.iuic cased English, silver watches ; 57 gilt watches, tome very el ecant patterns i Indies told watche with chains ; gold watch chains), seals, key, tic. ; 1 case of very rich morocco work boxes ; 1 case rich cut glass ; 1 do plated Ware ; I do Aubatv ter chimney ornaments piano fortes, mahogany tables s chairs carpets, ruggs, fic. 1 he goods are now ready tor examination. All goods intended tor the tale, must be aent in by 6 this evening. J 15 It EiNCiLIMi K FKENCIt GOODS. PETER KbAlbEN U CO. 6 South - street, have for tale, English and French Good, of Uie following dtscripuoiit Att'd Chiuts and Lnce Ground Furniture Do. Bumbaiett, 6 - 4 and 9 - 8 Cambric " Furniture Priutt Daoiuik Table Cloths, Huckaback Toweti Malabar arid Madrat Hdktt Blue and red l ocket do. 4 - 4 Shirting Hair cord Dimity, plain Taffeta Hiblooa Men'! black and white Silk Closet Green and changeable Levantioet Paratols, common aad figured borders Fringed Satin Kibboo Garniture Taffeta do Oiled Hat Covert, and Fancy Snuff Boxe Jy IS GIN, 4.C. U pipe Holland Gin, landuic at btcvens' - whari, from the bric eewtll, from Autwerp. In Start, 197 pipe very superior td proof Holland GiD, in tot lo suit purchaser SCO piece Holland buck, first quality ' 200 bale New - Orleans Cotton 2 case French Cambric 1 4S kegt Harris' crooked bread Tobacco - - 25 do do ttraight do do 12 do Kentucky do - " DearboiVt Balance, from 300 totOOo lb, fcr tale by . D. TAliCO'l T, 1 - 15 64 South - street. I 09lft. Hc. iVO bnlt Rutin, o do bpmu r XI Turieutine, tor ale by H. ilC.W. DAVENPORT & CO. J 15 b'OK gALE 16 tack Haltert' rur 207 large Fur Skius, 1 19 Hare do J 15 , 67 Washington - street. - tOK SALE 172 large ued boxe frt Lemous, - 1J.J bas Filberts 12 bak English Walnuts, inst received by G. G. U S. HOWLAND, J 15 - 7 Wathingtou - ttreet. knding on pier, south side Old slip, for tale hy JACKSOW W00LLET, July 15 75 Wall - it. Will It Lr.W, BLUE VITRIOL, AL LUM, ice Received per ChauucejastV Coliiin'ia, from Bristol. (Eng!) aod tor aale by the subscriber, on advantageous term, til. . iiJO kegs genuine ground white Lead in XSlh kegs 20 casktbeit dry White Lead in catktitol cwt. each 20 do Red Lead in cask from I to 3 cwt each It do Spanish Brown from 3 to 4 cwt. each 30 do Ivory Black from t to 3 cwt each 12 do Korean Vitriol from 6 to 8cwt each 25 do Venetian Red from X to 3 cwt each 12 tierce Allutn from 7 to 10 cwt each 10 bhd. 5 tierce and 8 bhl Rotton Stone French Green, Lamp Black, Purple Brown Colcothar Vitriol. Bath Scouring Brick Apply to A. CHURCH, J 16 184 Bowery. GK,KilA.N GOOIS. RECEIVED by the thip Triton and the skip Klhe. from H amhunr. and other lata impot - ntions, an assortment of German Linen, lecbt flatillat, white and brown Bretagnes, Creaa, ' Dowlas, Brown Checks and Shirting Lineal Hempen Osnaburg and Tickleobuigs, , - Hesnant, Burlaps, Brown Rolls. "Bags, Tapes, Se pei fine BroadCloth Napkins, Silk Galloons and Pound Kibboo Coffee Mills, Slate Pencil Looking Glust Plate Pocket and Statia Glane , . Lead Pencils And an atsortmrnt of Card wire. Also on hand, " .' ' , A few tons St. Peterthnrg Hemp First quaUty Holland SailCloth, and Sixty boxet Pategrau Cheese, entitled to' Denture. ' ' For tale on reasonable terms, by " " ' GEO. St THEO. MEYER,. J 15 Im 159 Washington street. Ol. VINCENl' RUM. - lo puachec inn sa vored high proof St. Viuccot Kno,Jt,' ceived and for talc by TUCKER b LAURIE J 15 29 gmilh - stiret - 70 ton assorted Swedbh, principally iTf tre 30 tons tqnare old table, variou trtrt 35 do Enelifh bolt iron, 6 - 8 to I 1 - 8 sch For sale at 67 Sooth - streft. by Jyl5 CAYIBRELENO It PEARO. ROARDINU HOUSE - Wm Fit" - THE pubh'e are iufornied that botud J w obtained in that spacious and elegant ia sion, tbe property of Jo'in F. Marsh, Esq - Mount PleasaLt, by epplymg oo the Iww.., Jyl5 WILLIAM MANGHAM i in i ii i , J. J FOR SisLK l"r one hundred Wotlar, a grey PONY, fouryiar old, fast, sound a kind laharneet. Inquire of CHARLtS H. BELLOWS, J 15 tf ' 14 Leonard street AN I fcU, n young woman to take II ''t,;i,lMl. .rwS c Annlv at No. 521 Pearl - ttreet. J ' 1 Hi ect if r

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