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NORTH IOWA'S DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME C Q M P D E P A R T M E N T O F H i :;TOR v A m A R C H I V E ' 'THE NEWSPAPER THAT GIVE MORE IN'44 MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS HOME EDITION Associated Press and United Press Full Leased Wires (Five Cents a Copy I MASON CITY, IOWA, FRIDAY. MARCH 10, 1944 This Paper Consists of Two Sections--Section Otic NO. 13X NAZI AIR FORCE FAILS TO HALT STEADY BLOWS Shakeup of Top Men in German Air Command Reported by Sweden London, (IP)--Britain's 4-engined Lancasters, striking a g a i n at Germany's aireratt production, reached far into southern France Thursday night and bombed the large factory at Marignane near Marseille, the air ministry announced Friday. The RAF strike kep 1 -'lied aerial blows going around tiie clock - following Thursday's bombing of Berlin" through dense clouds b the American 8th air force. Already a shakeup of the top men of the German air force hac been precipitated by the series of heavy assaults of Berlin in which at least 324 nazi planes were destroyed, Swedish press dispatche reported. The air ministry communique telling of the night operation saic the large aircraft factory at Ma rignane was attacked in brigh moonlight and first reports indi catcd the bombing as accurate am concentrated. At the same time mosquilos giving western Germany no ease struck objectives in that area. The air ministry said none o its planes was missing. The Lancaster raid was tb TiAF's 3rd night precision attac on German aircraft factories i France in a month. but the date has not been set. On Feb. 8 a similar force usinj; i r v j the new 6-ton ''factory-buster" bomb, hit the Gnome-Rhone airplane engine factory at Limoges, and on March 2 smashed at plants near Paris, and Albert in northern France. Cobb, Humorist, Dies; Fails ;o Fulfill Promise "to Keep Newspapers Fully Advised" New York, (JPt--Irvin S. Cobb, 67, humorist whose sparkling wit nd homely humor illuminated thousands of written pages, the motion j ijctures and slage, died at his Hotel Sheraton apartment Friday of! omplications after a 3 months iiness. The man who contributed hand- omely to the fame of his native aducah, Ky., died unable to fill promise made last December to lent Cooper, executive director and general manager of the As- ociatecl Press, that "it, as and vhcn I get ready lo depart else- . vhere I promise to keep friendly lewspapers fully advised." Cobb, whose heavy, rugged fea- .ures belied his nimble, lightning: lumor, was the author of many jooks, a n d magazine articles ranging in subject from broad comedy sketches to the lender 'Judge Priest" tales. As an extemporaneous speaker he was un- urpassed and was in constant demand for after-dinner engagements. Reported seriously ill In December. Cobb answered in person telephone calls made to the hospital by the press concerning reports he was dangerously ill. His letter to Cooper followed. After crediting himself for omitting to remark that "reports of my death have been greatly exaggerated," Cobb concluded his r note by saying that "doctors are still tapping me for impulsive little freshets of dropsy but the results of these acquatic sports and pastimes will, they believe, diminish as time passes." His widow, and a daughter. Mrs. Elisabeth Cobb Brocly of New York survive. Funeral services will be private IRVIN S. COBB A U. S. communique Thursday uight said T h u r s d a y's blow against the reich capital and a co-ordinated raid on unspecified objectives in central Germany-identified by the Berlin radio as Hannover--cost 7 heavy bombers and one fishter, figures that contrasted sharply with 68 bombers and 11 fighters last Monday. Although the flying fortresses. liberators.:,.anct their .escorting mustangs, tliunderbolts and light- nings plunged through heavy anti-aircraft fire to reach (Thursday's targets, most of the German airforce apparently was grounded. The American flyers reported only minor encounters with the enemy and made no claims of any na?.i planes destroyed. The Swedish dispatch, published in the London Daily Mail and quoting neutral sources, said that under Â· a reorganization of Hitler's air command now in progress Beichsmarshal Hermann Goering would take a back seat and younger men with more specialized knowledge of lighter defense would come to power. Goering was described as "utterly bewildered by the strength of the allied aerial blows." No accurate assessment of the new punishment inflicted upon scarred Berlin by the Americans has yet become available, but a Stockholm dispatch quoted a traveler as declaring "it has ceased to be a capital or even a town." The Cairo radio, quoting another Swedish report, said the city had been without electricity, gas and water all this week. The ever-increasing might of American air power was reflected in a V. S. army headquarters announcement Thursday night that the British-based 8th air force and Italian-based 15th a i r f o r c e dropped 24.000 tons of bombs on Germany in February, aircraft factories being the chief targets. Escorting fighters knocked down 905 Â· enemy planes during the month, the announcement said declaring this total was "considerably more than the monthly fighter production capacity left in Germany at the end oÂ£ February." This allied domination of the air over Germany' has brought the ."serious suggestion," the London Daily Mail said Friday, that American bombers striking into the rcich radio German civilians to lice. Without saying who made the suggestion or mentioning the HAF's night bombers, the newspaper said that warnings such DS this be sent: "This is~fhe United States strategic bomber force calling on the people of Berlin. At 12:30.5 today approximately 10.000 high explosive bombs will be rained on military objectives in your midst. Clear out." if. }(. if, (Replying to a statement Sunday by 28 American clergymen and writers decrying allied obliteration attacks on German cities, Bishop G. Bromley Oxnam of Bos- Ton said Thursday nijht that "the best military judgment is that to end the war as speedily as possible this bombing is necessary." (Bishop Oxnam. secretary of the council of bishops of the Methodist church, said those who had condemned the attacks "speak lor a minority.") Irvin Shrewsbury Cobb, whose flashing wit made him famous on both sides oC the Atlantic, leaped into big time journalism as the start of a career as writer, speaker and Film actor, from that traditional seat of inspiration, a. park bench. Jt was 1904. 6 weeks after Cobb had gone to New York fresh from gratifying success as a newspaper man in his home state of Kentucky. He was doing badly, had only S18 in his pocket and was sitting on the bench cogitating on the inhospitality of Manhattan. He glanced at a-newspaper. "I was struck with something I hadn't noticed before -- the fli pant tone used toward-important people--something unheard of in southern journalism," Cobb re- ated. "Well, I .lust said to myself. f this kind of derisive attitude is what they like, maybe the same tone in a these editors.' The letters he sent hit several editors, and Cobb selected a job on the New York Sun. A year later he was on the staff of the Evening and Sunday World, one of the highest paid evening paper reporters in the world. He was with the famous Joseph Pulitzer publication until 1911. For the following 11 years he was on the staff of the Saturday Evening Post, "covered" the World war for that periodical and came back from abroad to establish a reputation as a lecturer, after-dinner speaker and pungent commentator on people and things. From 1922 on he was with the Hearst publications, more especially the Cosmopolitan magazine. He got to Hollywood when he sold the movie rights to his fiction character, "Judge Priest," and was made "unofficial adviser'" in the filming of the judge. Then, to ocrat. After 3 years of this work he trekked to New York and came to re.st on his park bench. Cobb married Laura Spcnce Baker of Savannah, Ga., on .lun 20, 1900. A daughter, Elizabeth was credited with several success ful novels. She married Frank M Chapman, Jr., a singer, in 1924, bu this u n i o n was terminated by di vorce in 1930. She later marricc Alton A. Brody of New York. Cobb's lavorile among his shoi stories was "The Escape of Mi Trimm," published in 1913 and hi first essay into the field of tic tion. It svas based upon a tri; which he "covered" in New Yor and was anything but funny. Whe he told his wife he intended to tr fiction she said: "Humorously, course." "And," said Cobb, "she prove wrong for the first time in he life when the grim tale was pui chased by the Saturday Evenin Post." This was the start of an amaz ing output. Short^ stories, book plays, musical comedy libretti and miscellaneous articles pouretiij forth in such volume that he lost count. "I guess something like 60 full- length books, more than 300 short .stories and anywhere from 2,000 to 5,000 feature articles, and I NAZIS DECLARE LISSA INVADED BY COMMANDOS Report Churchill's Son Leader in Landing Near Daimatia Coast London. /P--T^ie Berlin radio .id Friday that British and merican commandos under the ommand uf "a British general r ith the name of Churchlil" had mded on Lissu island off the lalmatian coast of Jugoslavia. There was no confirmation ere of the landing, hut U was idely believed Ihal the German roadcast was talking about Capt. .andolph Churchill, son of Prime Iini.stcr Churchill, who is re- orled to have gone to Jugoslavia, resumably dropping by Para- hutc. The broadcast said Churchill. :ad taken command of allied i roops on the island, -but it re- ! lained to be seen whether liis i orces would include 2,000 follow- of Marshal Tito (Josip Broz) here. Youngt Churchill recently con- erred with Marshal Tito. The Berlin broadcast identified him is "a British general with the uune of Churchill," but there was 10 doubt here that Berlin was alking about the prime minis- .er's son. Churchill. 32. was the first member of parliament to become LI paratrooper. The allies have seen giving aid to Tito's partisans, but there lias been no official announcement of the presence uf British commandu or American ranger troops in Jugoslavia. The Berlin radio said: "Events taking place at Ussa arc of major interest. A British general with the name of Churchill arrived there a few clays ago and has taken over command of allied island troops. "Whether these troops also include the Tito followers of whom i there are about 2,000 on the island remains to be seen. At any rale, there arc several American and British commandos under the command of General Churchill, comprising a total strength of about 1,500 men. "These detachments are prob- Uman, Nazi Base in Ukraine, Taken in Break-Through GUY M. GILLETTE --Announces Candidacy $29,878.69 Raised in Red Cross Campaign letter might hit some of! don't know huw much alleged humor." he estimated in 1936. "The fact that most of my stuff has been published is either a tri- Jjute to my own salesmanship or maybe there's a good percentage of agreeable suckers among editors and publishers." Cobb, big, beetle-browed and with decidedly rugged features, attributed whatever be gained in life to taking chances. "I took my greatest chance," he said, "when I became an after dinner speaker." Of that art he liked to tell this paraphrase of an old anecdote: "After dinner speakers should learn the beautiful lesson of brevity from the gifted parrot which always had been a profuse and ready conversationalist until it acquired the curious habit of laying square eggs. After that all it ever said was 'Ouch!'" Of being a wit in general: A man who gets the reputa- Buy \Var Savings Bonds and Stamps from your Globe-Gazelle carrier boy. ably desisncd to ^secure .the. island as a supply base and to xuard American and British supplies located on the island on behalf of the Tito bands in southeast Europe. "As these troops are solely comprised of single formations, so-called commando raids must be expected at some points on the Dalmatian coast and oti Dalmatian islands. "These raids are of only small military value, but can well be cx- ploiled for reasons of propaganda, particularly towards Tito bands which, during the last few weeks, have complained about the lack of British and American support." Lissa, an island about 10 miles long and 5 miles wide, is in the Adriatic 30 miles off the i m p o r t a n t port of Split. It is 120 miles east of Italy's mainland. his surprise, he was drafted as an actor. He appeared first in 4 short :omcdies, then with Will Rogers n "Steamboat 'Round the Bend, le never thought much of his own listrionic abilities. Cobb settled down in a former lome of Greta Garbo in Santa Monica with his wife, daughter and 3 grandchildren. He continued o write daily newspaper articles and, as the spirit moved him, to produce his dryly humorous fic- .ion. Cobb ivas horn June 23, 1876, n Faducah. Ky.. the son of Foshua Clark and Manic Marshall (Saunders) Cobb. His father and 4 uncles served in the Confederate army and one of Cobb's proudest possessions was a commission as colonel on the staff of the con)- mander in chief of (he United Confederate Veterans, conferred on him in 1316 when he was chief orator of the veterans' reunion at Birmingham. Ala. Cobb also was a colonel by virtue of commissions granted by the governor of Kentucky in 1918 and 1921. He always considered this a real honor and used to voice his indignant protest when the corps of 'Kentucky colonels'' expanded! into a list of amplitudious proportions. His first ambition was to be an artist. When forced by family financial difficulties to leave school at 16, he became a cartoonist for the Paducah Daily News. For pictorial delineations of quilting bees and sewing circles lie. received S1.75 a week. He also made some money by contributing squibs and sketches to comic weeklies, but soon became a full-fledged reporter and at 19 was made editor of the paper. From 1898 to 1901, besides these duties, he conducted a column. "Sour Mash." in the Louisville Evening Post. Then there was w merger of Paducah papers and Cobb became managing editor of the Paducah News-Dem- BLISS TO SEEK RE-ELECTION Candidacies Announced by High Court Justices Gillette Will Seek Re-Election to U. S. Senate WasliiiiKton. f.'l'i--Son. Guy M. Gillette, ( D . - l o w a ) , announced Friday he would seek re-election. In a telegram to Jake More, democratic state chairman, Gillette declared: "I have repeatedly asserted my purpose to retire from congressional service. Your wire stales that 24,001) petitioners insist that my public duty is lo continue in senate service. All right. Let the people of Iowa make the decision." Gillette announced his decision to More a f t e r receiving the following telegram from the state chairm:ui: "Over 24.000 lowii democrats have signed your nomination papers which were only placed in the hands of precinct people last Wednesday. ' Our people stand uniied behind you. Present day conditions make it necessary that you consider your decision seriously. Many lov.'a republicans are' looking lo you and our party for leadership in this critical period. 'Â·The regard held for you by our parly friends' in Washington and the- whole-hearlcd supporl of your thousands of Iowa friends leave you only one decision. In this critical period you cannot fail Ihem. You must yield to their demand and become a candidate.", Gillette dictated . iiis decision shortly before leaving his office lo allend a meeting of senate democrats, with officials of the parly's national committee ai a luncheon given by Sen. O'Mahoncy (D-Wyo.). recently named chairman of the democralic senatorial campaign committee. Party leaders long have been ur^hiff Gillette to reconsider his decision to retire in the belief that his candidacy offered their greatest hope for a victory this year in normally republic Ii\va. A frrciucnt crillc of administration policies. Gillclle won demo- cralic rcnomimition in 1038 despite administration efforts to defeat him. An outspoken opponent of a 4lli Icrm for President Roosevelt, Gillette was just as critical of the 3rd term. "I would even oppose my own father If he ran for a 4th term," he told a reporter recently. Nevertheless. Robert E. Hamic- Close lo 55,000 in additional contributions to the Cerro Gorclo county Red Cross chapter war f u n d campaign was reported Frid:iy. raising the total for the drive thus far to S2!),878.0U. Included in Friday's figure were the reports of Clear I^ike, Mcser- vcy, Thornton and Clear L^ikc township, all of which have attained their quota. Joining in the procession too was the woman's army of Mason City, in charge of a residential canvass under the chairmanship of Mrs. Charles B. Hardinc. This Ciou]) also has reached its quota. This puts the lolal raised lo date close to the 3-5 mark of the goal of the campaign, which was set .at $51,500 for Cerro Gordo county. The national goal of the Red Cross war fund campaign is $200,000,000. Improved weather conditions is expected lo speed returns from the rural sections, where ' workers \verc hampered by storm and snow the early part of the com- TOGO Friday's Ked Cross campaign report of S29,878.fi9 practically fills A arms of the Kcd Cross symbol. When Ccrro Gordo county reaches its goal of S51,- 500 in the war fund drive Ihc whole symbol will be blacked out. Each arm represents S10,- OOD and the center. S11.500. Returns from teams canvassing the employes of i n d u s t r i a l plants are also being awailcd. Reports from olhcr scclions of the. slate and inilion. where the Red Cross c;.mpaign is going on simultaneously, arc thai a number of communities have reached their quotas. General Chairman Paul Pritchard Friday called upon workers throughout the county to complete their lerrilories as soon as possible. Â·'The sooner Ihc job is done the betlcr il will be for everybody," he said. tion, deserved or not, of being a wit, suffers the same fate that L do. Some of the lines of which 1, i n ' m y vanity, was proudest, have been credited to others and a great many even better lines, originated by others, have been credited to me. Now my mind obligingly refuses to remember which ones I coined and which were wished on me. When in doubt, I ' always choose the best ones." Cobb started his after dinner speaking and lecturing when he returned from the European battle fields in December, 1914. There was an intense public interest in America in accounts of the fighting and already the anti-German propaganda campaign of the allies had begun to spread stories ol Belgian atrocities. Cobb had' been with the German forces early in the conflict. I general election ba He got with them by mistake and [ designations remained because he was Â·Â·de- tained" at headquarters in Aix la Chapelle on suspicion of being a spy. He had some harrowing experiences with the kaiser's officers before he was released after being held almost 6 weeks. He cabled word of his safe arrival in Holland on October 13. went to London, nterviewed Kitchener and other notables and arrived back in New York in December. He bad no tales of "atrocities" to tell his lecture and dinner table audiences but his account of What 1 Saw At The Front b r o u g h t h i m engagements throughout the United States and Canada. Hove Trouble in Figuring Taxes? So Does President Washington. fVP) -- So you can't get a n y t h i n g done for figuring on that blasted income tax? Move over, brother, you've got some company. President Roosevelt. II seems. Is struggling with form 1040. which you probably can see in your sleep by now. You'd think, wouldn't you. lhat hc r cl just call up the. treasury and have Henry Morgcnthau send over an expert or two? But not FDR. He does it t h e . hard way. computes the whole) thing himself. They'll loll you al the white house that the presidential desk, at a given hour during the last 3 days, has been piled high with papers and forms. Because the operation of his mother's estate involves among other things, the renting of some bungalows, the Roosevelt return is more complicated this year, but a couple of more whirls at it and PUT SQUEEZE ON LIQUOR IMPORTS Quota Limits Ordered on Cuba, Porto Rico Washington. f.'P)--The government Friday put a two-way squeeze on imported whoopee. A war production board order placed strict Quota limits on imports of rum, gin, cordials anc whiskies made from cane sugar in Cuba, Mexico. Porto Rico, the Virgin islands and elsewhere; ant the office of price administration ruled that one type of alcoholic beverage, produced in Cubii anc Mexico and heretofore sold - a. gin will liave lo carry a new label. The latter order cut maximum prices for this particular import. Government sources l e f t no doubt that the actions were designed to curtail sugar cane distillates for drinking purposes among the southern neighbors so that greater q u a n t i t i e s of molasses might be available lo produce war- essenlial industrial alcohol. WPB's order, which is effective March J5, is designed to level off j the sharply rising rate of drinking imports from the south, holding 1944 imports to approximately the 1943 level. gan. new chairman of the demo- ] H ought to be ready for the in- Dcs Jlnincs. M'j--The three Iowa supreme court justices whose Icrms expire In J a n u a r y an- j into the lace. ;i, nouncccl jointly Friday Ihcy would I nccessury t h a t seek rc-clcclion. They arc Justices Frederic M. Miller. DCS Moincs: Oscar Hale, Wapello. and William L,. Bliss, Mason City. AH arc republicans. All 3 arc completing their first term on the high court. Bliss, however, served briefly in 1932 by appointment, following the resignation of the late justice, John M. Grimm. Hale had served more lhan 25 years on the district court bench in the 20lh district before becoming a supreme court justice. The 3 names will be presented at the slate judicial convention, j which probably will be held i n ' r? |\fl * , July. 11 the convention nominates ' TOSS, IVlai'ine ACC. IO them, the names will go on the cralic n a t i o n a l committee, trying to patch up differences within the party, is reported to stand ready to render assistance to Gillette's candidacy. More ;is late as March 3 tclc- .raphcd Gillette n s k i i f g him to get erling that "it is your sUite and country be placed ahead of your own personal desires." Only 3 clays ago. replying lo that telegram, Gillette reminded the chairman that immediately upon his re-election in 1938 he had announced his desire to retire at the end of his present term. "There is still time to take action to place on the party ticket one or more of the f i n e men and women whom we have available," the senator declared. "With deep regret but with deep sincerity 1 rcannouncc my wisli to retire." tcrnal revenue collector. CLERGYMEN CONVICTED Uniontown, l"a., (iP--The Rev. George Elmer Schott, 54 year old clergyman convicted last Thursday night of aggravated assault on his w i f e , resigned Friday os pastor of 3 Fnyctlc c o u n t y churches, the Rev. William S. Hamilton of Dunbar announced. I Return to South Pacific San Francisco. I/I')--Maj. Joe J. Fuss, marine pilot ace credited with 26 planes, is returning to the South Pacific as commander of. a icwly organized marine air snuacl- VOTI. marine headquarters announced Friday. The Sioux Falls. S. Dak., aviator tied Eddie Rickcn- baekcv's World War I record af- ler bagging 4 zeros in a dogfight over Guadalcanal Ocl. 23. 1942. Weather Report FORECAST iMason City: Much warmer with dtsappcaring .snow cover Friday afternoon and Friday night: temperatures Friday n i s h I above freezing: i n c r e a s i n g cloudiness Friday night: Saturday mostly cloudy and mild; fresh to strong winds. Iowa: Partly cloudy and warmer Friday night and Saturday: fresh to strong winds. Minnesota: Partly c l o u d y t o cloudy and warmer with a few snow flurries north portion Friday night. Saturday mostly cloudy with snow flurries, slightly colder north and extreme west portion in afternoon. Winds 25 to 35 miles an hour. I N MASON C I T Y Globe-Gazette weather statistics: M a x i m u m Thursday 21 M i n i m u m Thursdav night 13 At 8 a. m. Friday ' 18 Y E A H AGO: ' M a x i m u m 29 Mi'nimum 15 Precipitation .4!) Snowfall 0 inches Heaviest single March snowfall since 15)33. Mickey Rooney to Be Inducted Into Army Within Next 3 Weeks H u l l y w o o d, (U.R) -- Mickey P.cioney's draft board Friday said he bad passed his physical examination and would be inducted into the a r m y within I h c n e x t weeks. The foot movie star w a s rc-classi- ficci after hav- ROONEY ,,,,, i j e e n 4-F for a year because of high blood pressure. The movies' A n d y Hardy asked for army service in preference lo other branches, his board said. PLAN AIRPORT COMPLETION DCS Moincs, (IP)--The city council has made an agreement with the Civil Aeronautics administration looking toward expenditure of 3800,000 in federal funds to complete the Des Moincs municipal airport in its present dimensions. WILLIAM L. BLISS --Seeks Re-Electfon Mohawks to Face Indians at 8:45 Friday; Odds Drop The highlight same of the district tournament is on tap for 8:45 Friday night, when Mason City's defending champion Mohawks tangle with oncc-bcalen Forest City as each club seeks a berth in the class A finals Saturday nishl. A slight favorite in prc-came dope, the odds have dropped to where the Mohawks may enter the contest as the underdo?:. The npcninc chiss A same will pit Hampton and Algona at 7:30. The two victors will meet Saturday at 8:45. Doors will open at fi:ln Friday. No season or reserved .scats will be sold. Admission is 55 cents for adults. 35 ccnls for children. Special rootinc sections wilt he marked off by signs for the respective schools. REMEMBER OUR NEWSWPERBOY LIKES TO 9HOP "KN 300 TOWNS AND VILLAGES WON WITH ADVANCE 10 German Divisions Defeated; Vast Booty Is Reported Seized London, (IP}--Uman, strong German base in the western Ukraine, fell to Iho red army Friday. Premier Marshal Stalin announced capture uf the base in a. broadcast order uf the day, shortly after the German high command tad announced its abandonment. Stalin's announcement said the lew U k r a i n i a n break-through, at he hinge between one Russian of- ensivc toward the naval base of Vikolaev and another into old Po- and to the west, had swept up 300 occupied places. Russian forces have driven from !5 to 47 miles along a 108-mile Yont in the last 5 days of fighting n the area, the order of the day idcled. "Heavy defeat" was inflicted on 10 German divisions (roughly 100,000 men) including 0 lank. 3 infantry and one artillery division. Vast booty, including more Lhan 500 German tanks and sclf- lironcllcd KUIIS, were suiil to have iiccn captured. Khristinovka. 15 miles west of Uman and less l h a n 20 miles east of the Bug river, also fell to the advance, Stalin said, along with Talnoe, which lies 18 miles southwest of Zvenigorodka. Uman is 25 miles from the Bug about midway between Kirovo- grad and the German stronghold of Vinnitsa. Stalin ordered a 20-salvo salute from 224 guns to roar out in Moscow Friday night in celebration at the newest victory. The entire southern Ukrainian front blazed with n great Russian offensive which Moscow said has esulted in the capture of Staro- XonMnntiiiov. storming of the inner defenses of Tarnopol and the breaching of the German lines guarding the Black sea ports of Nikolaev and Kherson. Most spectacular of tiie day's developments was the disclosure by Premier Stalin of a new Russian drive launched b3~ Gen. Rodion Y. Malinovsky southwest of Krivoi Kog. Here, in 4 days of intensive fighting, the 3rd Ukrainian army, driving westward across the Ingullets river, routed 9 German divisions and captured Nbvi Bug atid Grozhany, respectively 53 and 40 miles above Nikotaev, and Kazanka, 17 miles northeast of Novi Bug. Eight thousand Germans were k i l l e d and 1,000 captured in this advance, the Russian communique asserted. Nazi forces were driven back from 19 to 37 miles. More t h a n 200 localities were liberated by Malinovsky's troops, the bulletin added. Besides menacing; the Black Sea ports of Nikolacv and Kherson, Malinovsky's advance was a direct threat tn the several hundred thousand na/i troojis still in the owcr U k r a i n e and along the coast of the ISIaek Sea toward Odessa, front dispatches iniutcil nut. Capture of Sleiro-lvonstantinov, 20 milc.s north of Proykurov, by Marshal Gregory K. Zhukov's first Ukrainian army netted large stocks of war material, Moscow said. It left the Germans in this sector only a 20-mile corridor along the railway south of Pros- kurov ns a retreat route toward Rumania. Proskurov itself was threatened with capture by red y troops last reported only 7 nilcs away. Zhukov's right wing made short work of the Ternopol defenses, Russian udvic.cs indicated. Previously reported 9 mile.-; from that .cy rail j u n c t i o n on lite Odessa- Warsaw t r u n k railway, red a r m y i n f a n t r y , buttressed by tank tmits. swept over enemy lines, "burst into the town and cnpnped the enemy in street fighting," Moscow bulletin said. the Your newspaper boy is busy too. He will appreciate netting his money when he calls the first time. Almost as Many War Bonds Redeemed as Sold 1st Week in March Washington, (U.R)--f n d i c atinK that many people are cashing in war bonds to meet tax payments, the treasury's daily statement showed Friday that almost as many bonds were redeemed as were sold in the first week of march. Redemptions were S62,- 290.859. against sales of 574,313,514. However, for the whole period since Jan. ). redemptions equal only 9 per cent of sales i made in t h a t time. And of all the war bonds bought since they were placed on sale-May 1, 1841. only 7 per cent have been cashed in.