The Mason City Globe-Gazette from Mason City, Iowa on March 9, 1944 · Page 24
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March 9, 1944

The Mason City Globe-Gazette from Mason City, Iowa · Page 24

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Mason City, Iowa
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Thursday, March 9, 1944
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Page 24
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Genius in Exile Proves Boon to U. S. By ADELAIDE KERR AP Features Writer Americans were free with predictions, when the flood o£ European refugees started to flow to these shores, that the cultural lite of the country would benefit by it. Few realized just how great this benefit would be. A new survey shows that at . least 9 refugee Nobel prize winners and many less well known scientists, painters and writers are now living--and working--in this country. Some of the famous refugees have given original manuscripts and art works to the United States treasury to be disposed of in promoting the sale of \var bonds. Others are contributing scientific knowledge lo the war effort or doing creative work. Still others are teaching in American universities. The work of the 9 Nobel prize winners is in many fields. Alfred Einstein, the famous German physicist, who evolved the theory of relativity, lives in Princeton, N. J., where he is on the faculty of the Institute for Advanced Study. He is now a United States citizen and several times has been called into consultation by the government on war projects. Thomas Mann, the German- born author, who lives in Pacific Palisades, Cal., has a new book-the fourth in the Joseph series ready for publication early this year. Since Sigrid Undset. the - Norwegian Nobel prize winner, sought refuge in this country, after her writing aroused the nazis' , ire, she has turned out 3 books-- ··Christmas and Twelfth Night," '·Return to the Future" anc "Happy Times in Norway." Count Maurice Maeterlinck ALFRED EINSTEIN now past 80, has also been working hard, since he left.his beautiful Mediterranean villa to make headquarters in a New York hotel. The Belgian-born poet dramatist, who gave the world "The Bluebird," has turned out a number o£ plays, none of which has yet been presented and several books published in French. Add to that list of Nobel prize winners the German physicist, Prof. James Franck, known for his atom smashing experiments, who is now teaching at the University of Chicago. Cornell university has the well known Dutch chemist. Peter Debye, whose discoveries helped produce rayon, synthetic rubber and high octane gas. He is now deep in research at the university's department of chemistry, of which lie is chairman. Olto Loewi, the Austrian physiologist, is conducting experiments SIGRID UNDSET at New York university on the functions of the heart and kidneys. Victor Frank Hess, who discovered the cosmic origin of cosmic rays, is experimenting at Fordham university, New York. And Enrico Fermi, the Italian physicist who was awarded the coveted Nobel prize for the discovery of radio active substances, is on leave from Columbia university to do war research. The war has given other American universities the opportunity to add famous European scientists to their teaching staffs. The University of Michigan has Kasimir Fajans, the Polish physical chemist, former director of the Institute of Phyhical Chemistry of the University o£ Munich. Harvard university's staff included Dr. Heinrich Brucning, former chancellor of the German reich, who fled Germany alley .MAURICE MAETERLINCK friends learned he was slated to be a victim of the notorious nazi "blood purge'' in 1934. Taft university has the services of Kurt Goldstein, the German physicist and neurologist, and the University of- California has Dr. Richard Goldschmidt, the German geneticist and former di- retor of the Kaiser Wilhelm Institute for Biology in Berlin. In addition the National Refugee Service says it has placed 1,500 doctors in vital medical posts. Musicians who sought refuge in this country, have also made an appreciable contribution to America's cultural life. Heading the list is the famous Italian. Arturo Tos- canini, who conducted the NBC Symphony orchestra for several years. Recently the maestro, who is said to have turned down a Hollywood offer of 3250,000, made a motion picture '*Hymn of the Nation," for the United Stales government. Olher foreign muhicians have delighted music lorcrs all over the country. Lotte Lehmann, the German-born soprano, and Stella Roman, the Rumanian soprano, are both warbling at the Metropolitan Opera House in New York. Concert-goers in various parts of the country have heard Robert Casadesus, the French pianist. Advanced music students at Mills college, Oakland, Cal., are being put through their paces by Darius Milhaud, French composer and conductor. And Broadway theater-goers have heard the work of the German composer, Kurt Weil, in the rollicking rhythms of "One Touch of Venus." Broadway has another refugee slar in Elisabeth Bergtier, the Austrian actress, now auneariiig in "The Two Mrs. Carrolls." Two more famous European women are in the field of letters. The French journalist, Geiievicve Ta- i bouis. edits the weekly Pour I.a | Victoire and Toni Sender, a former member of the German reichstag, is writing: and lecturing in this country. Some of Europe's most famous painters have turned out work inspired by the American scene. Max Ernst, the German sur-realist, spent last summer in Arizona and his new canvases, due for New York exhibition in April, have qualities which suggest the strong Arizona light. The Polish modern, Marc · Chagall, made a trip to Mexico with the Ballet Theater and designed sets for the ballet "Alecko" which the theater used later in its production. Other painters, including Tamara Lem- picka, the Polish artist, and Andre Masson, the French sur-realist, have exhibited their work in New York. Report Many New Farmers in Rake Area K-ikc--This season brings considerable moving among Car-men; in the community. Many ol the movers are going to farms they recently purchased. The Con Stcnbcrg family moved to a farm they purchased near Thompson. Martin Thompson and family of Hay Hold, Minn., moved to the Stenberg farm. Hervie Thompson and family moved from Buffalo Center to a farm they purchased west of town vacated by the Robert Elwood family who moved to near Leland. Mr. and Mrs. Herman Jutting moved into an apartment over the Underbakke feed shop in town and Marion Halvcrson and family moved from town to the acreage east of town vacated by the Juttings. Mr. .and "Mrs. .Melvin Wertjcs moved from Buffalo Center to the former Haiverson residence. Henry Boetcher and family moved Irom Albert Lea into the Espelaiul house purchased by Ole Osland. Richard Gravely a n d family moved from a farm into their house in town vacated by Joe Sandum and family who moved into the former Glen Heath residence. J. T. Johnson and family and Lawrence Johnosn and family moved from south of town to a I farm near Kiester, Minn. ' Martin Thompson and family moved to Elmore, and Carroll Hove and family of Waseca, Minn., are renting the former Thompson farm. John Shortenhouse and family moved to the f a r m they purchased near Buffalo Center and Marvin Deering of Buffalo Center moved on the farm vacated by the Shortenhouse family. Mr. and Mrs. Palmer Dahl and family of Pilot Grove moved to the farm vacated by Mr. and Mrs. Clint Stowe who moved to Buffalo Center. Os'er Anderson a n d family moved to the farm they purchased near Thompson and Amil Haugen and family moved from Wells to the farm they vacated. Mr. and Mrs. Thelmer Nodland moved to a farm vacated by Bill Harms family who moved to a farm they purchased near Buffalo Center. Mr. and Mrs. Willard Deering moved to the Stokheboe farm purchased by Bert Deering. Mr. and Mrs. Car! Matheson and family moved to the farm vacated by Bullcr Jordan!. 24 ' Thursday, March 9, 1941 MASON CITY GLOBE-GAZETTE , RED COMMENTS ON ALLIED RAIDS Says Bombings Alone Can't Defeat Hitler Moscow, (/Pj--Adolf Hitler will ; not fall from bombing alone, but . by the "active operations of a · land army of many millions in co' operation with air and sea forces," '. Lt. Gen. Boris Sterligov declared · in Red Star Thursday in cpm- · menting on the British-American air offensive against the reich. Sterligov said that in the beginning the attacks CHI Hitler's homeland might have been' interpreted as revenge raids for the attacks on London, but it was now clear they have other purposes. "Foreign military specialists say these operations are strategic bombing--designed to weak the war effort, disrupt transport and break down morale. The role of the bomber is extremely great but it doesn't mean it' can solve any strategic problems,' 1 he declared. "Some foreign observers seek to prove that by air raids it is possible completely to demoralize Hitlerite' Germany, deprive it of the capacity to resist and eventually force it to capitulate. There is no necessity to disprove this theory because the battles of the 2nd World war have sufficiently proved the infallibility of the principle that the issues of the war can be decided only by the active operations of a land army of many millions in co-operation with air and sea forces." He added that this did not reduce the significance of strategic j aerial preparation for a land invasion. Giving Russians the best picture yet of the air activities of the United States and Britain, Ster- ligov directed special attention to the way American aviators daily fly dozens of planes across the Atlantic, and declared the raids were having a tremendous effect on the industrial life of Germany and said the allies have excellent photographic service to prove their results. Cut Man-Hour Loss Through First Aid Use .Washington, D. C.--Red Cross first aid training in industry, greatly expanded since the war began, has been responsible for saving thousands of man hours, which otherwise would have been lost due to war plant accidents. Of the more than 1,500,000 Red Cross first aid certificates issued in the past year to. persons who completed a prescribed training course, a large percentage went to war plant workers in every part'of the country. With a view to reducing lost time through accidents, p l a n t managements r e q u e s t e d Red Cross first aid training for em- ployes, since such training not Physical Committee Plans Many Activities for Y.M. 1944 Program Plans for an extensive physical education program at the Y. M. C. A. this year were outlined at a meeting of the new physical education committee Wednesday evening. The committee is headed by Earl Ehlers as chairman. Other members are: Otto Satter, Louis Page, Ed Gage, Dal Davis, Milton Decker. Abbott Wolf, Marion Clayburg, Roger Patton, Bob Lee and Jake Mallo. Sub-committees were chosen for various activities such as badminton, handball, swimming, volleyball, Softball, league organization and other Y. M. C. A. activities. Kill Thistles On Aloncy Back Guarantee Raise More Food for Freedom Get rid of Canada Thistles in one season without chemical, plowing or loss o£ crop. Nothing more to buy. Absolute Money-Back guarantee backed by 51,000 bond. Send S5.00 to LLOYD SAMPSON. \V. 1st Ave., S. ESTHERVILLG. IOWA, for complete method and guarantee. WOLFS Every FUR COAT from our regular stock. Now Reduced for CLEARANCE BUY NOW FOR NEXT WINTER FREE STORAGE THIS SUMMER Trade in Your Old Coat Mier Wolf Sons only teaches workers how to care for small injuries which might lead to infectious, but also stresses accident prevention. Man hours lost because of accidents have been sharply reduced. One plant, in a lest, gave half its workers first aid, and left the other half untrained. Comparison of the number of hours lost in the two groups, the plant manager said, left no doubt as to the value of the training. First aid training in industrial plants is installed by specially trained representatives of the Red Cross first aid, water safety and accident prevention service. Among its other activities, this important service has first aid training programs is 3,473 of the 3,756 Red Cross chapters; oper- ates more than twelve thousand emergency first aid mobile units and more than 2,400 fixed first aid highway stalions. SET DRIVE DATES Alia Visla -- The Red Cross drive in Alta Vista will begin March 15 and end March 25. according to Mrs. Joe Menges, local chairman. GIVES LIBERALLY Allison -- According to an announcement by Miss M a 11 i e Harms, Butler county superintendent, Coklwater, district No. 9 has contributed SIB to the Junior Red Cross fund. Mrs. Nelle Hartgraves of Greene is the teacher This is far more than any of the rural schools in the county. American Casualties in War 162,282 of Which 37,853 Are Dead Washington, (/P)---American casualties in this war so far lolal 162,282, of whom 37.853 are dead. Secretary of War Slimson, at a news conference Thursday, announced that army casualties (as of Feb. 23) totaled 121,458. Of this number, 20, 592 were killed, 47,318 wounded, 26,326 are missing and 27,222 are prisoners of war. The latest navy total is 40,824, made up o£ 17,261 killed, 9,910 wounded, 9,239 missing and 4,414 prisoners of war. These figures cover the marine corps and coast guard as well as the navy proper. Of the total casualties the navy has suffered 27,383, marines 12,986 and the coast guard 455. Stimson said that of the 47,318 army wounded, 25,291-have been returned to duly or discharged. Of Ihe 27.222 prisoners, Stimson said, the enemy has reported thai 1,073 have died of disease in prison camps. These deaths, Stimson commented, occurred moslly in Japanese-occupied areas and the total probably is larger than reported by the enemy. Swaledale--Mrs. Hannah Davis of Pasadena, Cal., i at the home of her brother, Robert Ward, called by the illness of her father. William Ward. WOLFS-- WOLFS- TH I HE well dressed man thinks ahead . . . and he is thinking now of his wardrobe. Have you a spring coat that will keep, off those spring showers, keep you warm, yet not wear you down with its weight? Better have a look! MEN'S SUITS AND TOPCOATS better grades ABOVE: Latest in tweed, fly front. FAR LEFT: Smart worsted, b u t t o n front. L E F T : Handsome herringbone , , . . wears well. MIER WOLF SONS S P R I N G F A S H I O N S T R A T E G Y Get set for Spring with one versatile suit--and a double set of accessories! For daytime", tailored accents--for dress-up--soft, pretty accessories. Come see our smooth suit set-ups today! Provocative sailor to dress up your suit. 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