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SATURDAY, MAY 5, 1934 MASON CITY GLOBE-GAZETTE THREE MASON CITY GLOBE-GAZETTE LEE SYNDICATE Issued Every Week Day bjt the MASON CUT* GLOBE-GAZETTE COMPANY J21.123 East State street Telephone Mo. 3301) LEE P. LOOMIS W. EARL HALL ENOCH A. NOREM LLOXD L. GEER - Publisher Managing Editor . - - City Editor Advertising Manager MEMBER OF THE ASSOCIATED PRESS--The Associated Press Is exclusively entitled to the use for publication of all news dispatches credited to It or not otherwise credited In this paper, and also all local news published herein. SUBSCRIPTION BATES Mason city Â»nd Clear Lake. Mason City ana Cleat Ijike, by tsÂ« year S'.OO by the ween 5-15 OUTSIDE MASON cm AND CLEAR LAKE pÂ«r year by carrier ..'.. J7.00 By mall 6 months 52.00 Per week by carrier .... $ .15 By mall 3 months . Per year by mall $4.00 By mall 1 month . y * OCTSIBE 100 MILE ZONE f,, ,ear $8.00 Ebc montha... .$3.00 ThreÂ« montta..-il.7 51.25 5 .Cu Man is only miserable so far as he thinks him- sell so.--SANNAZAEO J HIGH COST OF CRIME UST what honest law enforcement means to the public may be seen by a recent example in Chicago where the automobile Insurance companies have just announced a reduction in the theft insurance rate. The rate was cut 26 per cent as the result of a determined drive on automobile thieving rings by the police and the public prosecutor. This slash vrill save the motorists of Chicago just about a million dollars a year in premiums; and the million measures the tribute which Chicago has been paying to just one minor branch of the underworld Add up what the major rackets cost the people on this basis, and see what you get. The figure would be positively astronomical. Crime costs are estimated variously, sometimes as high as 3 billion dollars a year. No one really knows. But it is plain enough that in the matter of insurance rates alone, against thieving alone, the cost reaches high into the millions. What do the banks pay for robbery insurance, do you suppose? Probably more than a hundred million annually--and cheap at the price, so long as Dillinger and his ilk have such an easy time of it. We hear much about 'revolution" that is being worked in this country, and many good people are working up quite a sweat about it. Probably the crime situation, the rebellion of our vast underworld against the forces of law and order which is in constant activity, is a much more serious danger to the republic. Government cannot last much beyond its ability to protect the citizen in life and property and our governments, especially state and local ones haven't been turning in a very good job in this respec' hi recent years. If the public would consistently vote for honesl men, and courageous men, instead of for politicians who fear to offend the underworld or its satellites because they, too, have votes, this situation could b cleaned up. But somehow we seem to love to have .iV-iur politicians bamboozle us with pap and red her ' '^gs of prejudice, and to be deathly afraid of putting iang men in office. " )rdinarily the only office in which the American seems actually to want to put a genuinely man is the presidency. And then we pro "make his'success as hard as possible by electing bunch of two-jpota to co-operate with him. "RED" EMMA'S FAREWELL E MMA GOLDMAN could not suppress a tinge regret when the hour arrived for her enforce departure from New York City, at the time of th expiration of her 90 day visa, which lifted the bar imposed against her since 1919. Or perhaps, mor generously, it should be said she had a strange mixture of affection ana hatred. Her hatred flames against capitalism. Her affection is aroused by the American people themselves. And unconsciously that is about as fine a tribute as she could pay. This is a government of the people and by the people and for the people, despite the smiles of cynics. It more nearly approaches that ideal than any other. It is here because the people will it and not because it has been super-imposed upon reluctant citizens. That is one of the facts which Emma Goldman never was witting to admit or- to recognize. Hers is the restless soul of perpetual discontent. Russia does not satisfy her. The communistic regime betrayed her ideals so she says, and all that has taken place there represents merely the establishment of another "system." How then can Emma Goldman be explained? What is the secret of a mind, brilliant in many respects, which cannot recognize the common facts of life, which in the instance where people congregate as they do in civilized regions, means necessarily some system? But in all probability, "Red" Emma will carry her hatred with her to the grave. PERTINENT or IMPERTINENT In taking over the Colflesh tax program, Turner didn't even go to the trouble of revising the language ir altering the percentages. They'd better not let Brookhart find out that George Washington was inaugurated in the heart of Wall street. It's going to be just a little difficult for George Arliss to look like either Herbert Hoover or Franklin J. Roosevelt. Occasional reports of a baseball game rained out are encouraging to parching Iowa. OTHER VIEWPOINTS FATHER OOUGHLIN BADLY MISTAKEN--IF? Webster City Freeman-Journal: la his Sunday radio address the closing of the series that Father Coughlin his been broadcasting the past 27 weeks, he denounced the policy of reduction of the production of hogs, cotton and wheat, declaring there is no surplus of these products, or would be none, if the people iiad the money with which to buy. If he meant world supplies and world consumption he may be right about it, but if he meant there would be no surplus in this country if the people of the United States could get what they wanted he is badly mistaken. In the rosperous years of 1927, 1928 and 1929, when labor was employed at peak wages and had high purchasing power the surplus of these products continued to mount. The surplus of wheat was about 100,000.000 bushels per year from 1920 to 1928, but that caused no serious irouble because of our exports. The surplus in 1929 when prosperity was at the peak for the roost of the year was 250,000,000. In 1930 it was almost 300,000,000 bushels. In 1931 this carryover reached more than 300,000,000 and in 1932 it was 375,000,000. This carryover backed up on the farms or in the elevators, thi main reason being the loss of foreign markets, foreign countries levying high tariff on imported wheat. Hog production was the same. We kept right on raising hogs after having lost most of our foreign markets. Only a few years ago we exported the products of 17,000,000 hogs, while in 1933 this dropped to :he products of 4,000,000. The production of cotton also continued high but our exports fell off tremendously. This being the situation there must be curtailment in production if prices of basic farm products in this country are ever again to be compensatory. Either :hat, or markets abroad must be recaptured in some way. If there could be some plan devised whereby the people of China and India and other Asiatic countries could be supplied with the necessary food, the world production might not he more than the demand, but :hat is a problem yet to be solved. DAN SHOULDN'T CAST STONES AT CLYDE Jefferson Bee: Candidate Dan Turner has taken upon himself the job of "roasting" Herring for his Wheelock pardon, but Dan performed in the same weak way when he was governor. People have noi forgotten his action in the case of that arch fiend anc moral pervert. Dr. Woodinanse, in Des Moines, who choked a helpless old man to death in order to rob him of a diamond ring, which the "doctor" stripped from his fingers. The jury not only convicted Woodmanse but fixed the penalty at hanging, but Dan Turner, acting like a sobsister, commuted the sentence to life imprisonment, probably under the sloppy idea that if he did not he would be "shedding the blood" of Woodmanse. In this day when criminals are fairly throttling the American' nation we sadly need a governor with "guts" enough to protect society from the booze- fighting Wheelocks, and also from the human tigers rf the Woodmanse sort. HE DIDN'T DROP OUT--HE WASN'T IN IT Marshalltown Times-Republican: "Verhon Haig drops out of the governorship contest." Huh, Vembi Haig, Hague or Hogue never dropped in. He.-butte at the gate and bawled around the corral. Vernon Haig, Hogue, Hague or what have you this year, ha i vivid political imagination. Also we miss Eikelberg Skromme and other great ones who never grew up. A Cry for Brotherhood A Protest Against Hitler Persecution of the Jews By EDWIN MABKHAM Author of The Man with the Hoe, Lincoln the Man of the People M BANISH WAR PROFITS! UCH has been said of late about the "profit motive." The general discussion on this subject permits of considerable argument, but nobody with the interests of the human race at heart can very well argue for the "profit motive" in war. So long as the munitions makers are permitted their holds over governments and organs of opinion, as is the case in many European countries, wars will be started with nothing but the "profit motive" behind them. Whether so-called civilized man has yet the courage and intelligence to eliminate needless slaughter is doubtful, in the light of recent history. But he could take a long step in that direction by making "preparedness" solely the business of ^ governments-instead of the business of munitions combines whose every sale stimulates another, until the peace loving common folks of the world are spending more for fighting equipment than they are for the education of their children. The American Legion's universal draft acX before congress for almost a dozen years now without acceptance, is designed to remove profit from war for everybody--putting capital and fighting men on the same basis. Why hasn't it become law long before this? The manner in which the old world keeps moving right along despite the death of some of our mosl prominent people must be discouraging to those who think they really cut some ice in the scheme of things An Iowa contemporary notes that while meat pricei are rising, baloney remains cheap and plentiful. They came from old night with Asia in their blood, Out of the mystery before the Flood. ?hey saw old Egypt join the ruined lands, The sculptured scarlet East turn to gray sands, The star of Greece arise and fade to dream. tome's wolf draw suck beside the yellow stream, ?hen roar on the world with jaws that did not spare, ?hen darkly die upon his ancient lair. Through all these years this people carried chains; lad Dark Assyrias and darker Spains. ?hey were the tribes of sorrow who were fed rrom wells of hate and exile's bitter bread. They built the tombs of Pharaohs in old years, klixing the bricks with tears. They built Trot had no houses of their own; Tyre heard their dirge and Babylon their moan. And now in Germany we see again The old hard hand laid on these women and men; And yet this wondrous race has given birth To genius and a glory on the earth. Out of this people came The Book of Books and many aglorious name-Hoses who stood once in the holy place And gazed upon Jehovah, face to face; Then standing on the cliffs of Sinai, He heard the wisdom of the upper sky, And handed down the Decalogue to be A law for men on every land and sea. [t was a wisdom-word That centuries and continents have heard; And never a man of earth has added to it-This wonder-wisdom from the Infinite. And Judah had other sons--Isaiah, he Whose voice was like the thunder of the sea-Had David, too, whose heaven-enkindled psalm Has breathed on earth a high unworldly calm- Had also great Maimonides, Who touched supernal keys. Who saw the world, God's sweet caress. Was made for man, and man for happiness. DAILY SCRAP BOOK SUNRISE is CALCULATED WHEN -fHH CEN1%R. OF HE | $ O M H E . HORIZON AT SEA-LEVEL. ONE DIFFERENCE BETWEEN AND FROS$ -ItiAT -fHE. FORMER HAVE ^MMiMiMBgsg^^ OBSERVING 5-5 doE TbN'fi t "SK.\O " UNIVERSITY, pi_A,v$-rue. PIANO Hl$ NOSE. WHILE A HANDSTAND ipyright, DIET and HEALTH Or Clendenlns cannot diagnose or Blve personal answers to letters from readers. When questions are of general Interest, however, they will be taken up. In order. In the dally column. Address your Queries to Dr. Logan Clcndenlng, care 01 rne Globe-Gazette, Write legibly and not more than 200 words. By LOGAN OLENBENINO. M. D. LATE MEALS AFFECT SLEEP F ROM Dr. Donald A. Laird's laboratory at Hamilton, N. Y., there conies a report on the subject of whether eating a meal before going to bed has any influence on the quality of sleep. Dr. Laird has for many years been making most interesting experi- ,, ments on the familiar but mysterious subject of sleep. It is a familiar thing that drowsiness is often induced by a heavy meal, but this does not necessarily mean that the sleep which follows is long or restful. It is known, on the other hand, that when the stomach is empty there occur contractions which are known as "hunger contractions," and these, like all other involuntary movements of the body, tend to interfere with sleep..If these hunger contractions could be eliminated, would the sleep be any sounder? On the other side, it is also Dr. Clendenins known -that meals which are hard to digest will also cause contractions of the stomach, so theoretically we have the supposition that a light, easy-to-digest meal before bedtime, which would eliminate the hunger contractions and yet not cause the hard-to-digest contractions, would induce more restful sleep. The test was made on a number of individuals, both adults and children. The measurement of the restfulness of the sleep was made with an ingenious instrument known as a Somnokinetograph, in which a receiving plate was put on the mattress and attached through the mattress to an extremely delicate tension spring which recorded all the movements ot the sleeper. The result was to confirm entirely the theoretical anticipations of the experiment. In mathematical terms, it was found that with easy-to-digest meals, hot chocolate or corn flakes, the number of movements was decreased 6 per cent, while with hard-to-digest meals, consisting of a variety of foods, especially those rich in roughage materials, the movements were increased 6 per cent. Thus we have a scientific confirmation of the olc notion that a warm drink or a light meal before going to bed is helpful to a good night's rest. Â· * # QUESTIONS FROM READERS H. J. K.: "What is the cause of rheumatism and can it be cured? Is a warm climate of any benefit to the sufferer? Why does the approach of wet weather bring on attacks?" Answer: Rheumatism is an infectious disease, the exact gerrn of which is as yet unknown. Climate has a great deal to do with the attacks and. in fact, in the southern and dry western parts of the United States the disease is rare compared to its frequency in New England, Canada and the lake, region. The relation of the disease to wet weather is very definite, but no satisfactory explanation of it can be given until we know the cause of the disease. Possibly the germ has a life cycle which makes it active in wet, cold weather. EARLIER DAYS eliiK n Dally Compilation of Intcrestlnc Items from the "Ten, Twenty nnil Thirty Ycari Aso" VUei it tlio Globe-Gniette. Thirty Years Ago-After a week of hustling on the part of the directorate and committee chairman of the Commercia club the last share of stock was obtained today for the proposed glove factory, which is to be moved iron- Chicago here. Colonel Engberg is making a lengthy sojourn m Chicago. He has been sending notices to his family that he would return in a day or two, but this has continued now for over two weeks and no Engberg yet T. A. Potter left this morning for New Hampton to spend the day transacting business. Deputy United States Marshal Gustafson of For Dodge was in the city Thursday evening and mci dentally made a flying trip to look after some o Uncle Samuel's miscreant sons. He had some par ties' here under his eye, but was unable to get them last evening. Harry Odle, day ticket clerk at the Milwaukae, i off duty today because of sickness. His place Is beta filled by Frank Rice, the night man. The Baptist young People will meet this eveuin at the home of Mrs. Melson to conclude their stud of missions. Twenty Years Ago-The Iowa boosters will be wined and dined her Friday night at the Cerro Gordo hotel while they te of the possibilities of the state of Iowa which ha\ not been covered. T. H. James, Austin, Minn., is a business calle here at one of the local hotels. C. C. Jacobson was here from Clear Lake Saturda evening. Mr. and Mrs. F. H. Brickhoff have returned fro: Letcher, S. Dak. R. A. Mathews, Madison, Wis., was a visitor wit friends and relatives in the city over the week-enc Mrs. J. Gallagher was a visitor in the city Tues day from Fort Dodge. O. N. Stromberg, Spencer, is a business caller i the city for a few days. E. J. Anderson, Forest City, is a business visito in Mason City for a few days. P. T. Unruh, Wavcrly, was a visitor in the cit Sunday. Ten Years Ago-Harry Tamres. 622 Adams avenue southwest, ha gone to Prairie du Chien, Wis., on business. D. P. Fagan of Cedar Rapids, division specie agent for the Rock Island railroad, spent today her in business conference with local officials. have just finished a most interesting little debate with the venerable farm editor of this newspaper. We agree on many --1 might say, most--things but on the question of determining who hould be exposed to higher educa- on, we disagree. The discussion began when he re- ailed a conversation on the prevl- us day with a man who lives in a niversity town. It was in that con- ersation that Mr. Pickford was in- roduced to the term, "sore-eye spe- al." This, be it known, is the train which "flunkers" take leave of le university town after the se- aester examinations. Sore eyes, of ourse, is the reason given back ome. I maintain," said A. P., "that lose flunkers should be given anther chance. Why not let them ome back during the summer ses- ion to make up their work?" My counter contention was that aving failed, either through lack f enterprise or lack of inherent in- clligence, Whose young men and oung women should step aside for thers who would make use of their pportunity. A. P.'s premise is that college ducation should be designed for . .rybody. Mine is that college edu- ation is only for those with a will nd a capacity to benefit from it. Oh. it was an interesting argument. You should have heard it. have concluded after listening to George McElroy describe his recent experiences nd observations in the Dakotas that we here in Iowa don't know what duststcrms really are. In their effect m traffic, they were like the severest blizzard. Mr. McElroy spent three days one week in a Sioux Falls hotel, watching the dust blow. To venture out on the roads was, in addition to flirting with danger, invit- ng the destruction of automobile motors. In scores of cases the bearings were ground out by the dust. One traveling man of Mr. McElroy's acquaintance had to have his earings replaced twice within a week. One afternoon street lights were turned on but it still was impossible to see as far as a block. For miles in the open country, dust has filled in the ditches along highways. No, we don't know what duststorms are here in north central Iowa. o-thought I had these tellers of tall tales throttled but I find that I was reaching my conclusions too soon. I can understand why A. B. M. of southeast Mason City would wish to hide behind the pen name, R. A. Liar, in contributing the following, prefaced by the boast that he has it all over G e o r g e Washington. "George couldn't lie--I can but won't," n-2 adds. The contribution: "My occupation before retiring was farming. My recreation was fishing. I carae from the east and settled way up northwest of what is now known as Mason City in 1S40 (I am just guessing at the date) as there were no white men or calen- dars this side of the Mississippi river. "Being an agriculturalist J brought implements and seeds with me. I had some pumpkin seeds grown by the same people that grow that wonderful grass seed sold by Don McPeak. I plowed up the virgin soil and planted the seed and waited for results. The results were that the vine came up over night and started in a southeasterly direction. "And how it did grow! In the fall I took my oxen and wagon and set out to gather my pumpkins. After following the vine for two weeks 1 found it had come to the Shellrock and stopped. The smallest pumpkin was so large I could not load it. I found a large hole worn hi the pumpkin by the vine dragging it over the ground. I put in two pounds of dynamite to blow up the pumpkin so I could load it on the wagon to haul it home. "Imagine my surprise after bursting it open to find an old sow in it with a litter of 37 300 pound pigs! They had grown and fattened on the seeds of the pumpkin. On returning home with my load I proceeded to grub out that root of the vine for my years fuel. For T. Pipe's information will say that where 1 grubbed out the root a lake formed and the surplus water followed the depression made in the ground by that vine dragging the pumpkin along. "The Indians on returning from the annual hunt found the stream and called it Winnebago. The white man coming later built so many lime kilns along the banks of the stream that it was erroneously dubbed Lime creek." found the following contribution, designed to stimulate thoughtfulness for bird- life, lying on my desk a few days ago. It had no identification marks beyond an "M" and a miniature eye, fashioned after the one which precedes every item in this department: A ROUND ROBIN Protect the birds That cat the insects That destroy the forests That conserve the waters That feed the streams That fill the reservoirs That moisten the lands That produce the crops That supply the markets That provide the foods That nourish the people That make the nation. --o-have heard times without 'number the expression, "a 'place in the sun." It wasn't until a few days ago that I chanced upon the paragraph out ot Pascal's writings in which it had its .origin. It rims as follows: 'Â·'' - 'Â· -^ Â· , "That dog is mine, said those.poor;P children, that place in the- sun ; is' mine; such is the beginning and type of usurpation throughout the earth." QUESTIONS _ BY FREDERIC" J. HASKIN,DIRECTOR GLOBE-GAZETTE INFORMATION BUREAU IN WASHINGTON How many filling stations in U. to latest statistics S.? J. '/.. According available, 121,513. The number of garages and parking stations selling gasoline retail is 62,486. When was Ambassador Hirosi Saito born? A. B. C. In Tokio in 1S86. What fish arc scallops? C. S. A type of marine molluscs, related and somewhat similar to the oyster. Nearly 300 living species of scallops are known, and are found in all seas. Two species of scallop oc- Then his Spinoza lifted a lighted hand, Which- still is flashing light from land to land. Behold, the wisdom of her poet sages Has left eternal glory on the ages. Yes, from the trembling lips of many a seer The whole wide world has heard, and still can hear The Psalms, the Torah, and the Talmud speak Protection for the plundered and the weak. Shall not this race whose gifts have been so great Have some protection from the tooth of hate? They have not yet their safe place in the sun, They who knew Egypt, who knew Babylon. Protest this cruel wrong In thunders of the sermon and the song. Let cries go forth in shrill tempestuous note! As if they rose from Hempest's roaring throat. Let there be thunders in the world; let be A protest that will shake the ruler's knee. Let there be a protest till the happy hour, When Justice shall unclothe her arm of power. Let there he thunders in the world--yes, more; Let there be Brotherhood in every shore. Let all men rise into the higher place Where they can see God's face in every face. Let there be Brotherhood: let this long cry Be heard on earth and under every sky' Vagrant Thoughts By LOO MALLOK.Y LUKE, Hampton. an Admixture of Recollection and Reverie by a North Iowa Housewife Washlnz Dishes and Â»t Her Other Household Duties. What is lovelier than prairie dusk in the spring of the year?...When a good brisk runaway was the usual Saturday afternoon occurrence.. .Turtle doves were sing-in' the blues long before Ruth Etting was born...Sometimes the sky is polychromed with iridescent fish scales...The booze route usually ends in a blind canyon..-I've known newcomers to land in town in a limousine and go out in a Ford.. .Goshall- hemlock--I'll bet two or three cookies that when 1 start out on the "last round-up" I'll have to run back and wash some dishes and get a meal...Know a lot of people will think I am hoddy-doddy but I'll always wish that I might have been one of the hostages on the bandit car.. .Town dogs whipping country dogs ...Lives there a woman who does not swipe money out of the sleeping husband's pockets (pants exploring while he's snoring).. .Full moon discing heavenly fields... Scriptural Thought--Many seek the ruler's fa- vour; but every man's judgment cometh from the Lord.--Proverbs 29:26. lew i cur along the Atlantic coast of the I United States- the common scallop Lieut. Gov. John Hammill of Britt, candidate for j and the larger and handsomer Mrs. W. A. Dean of Woden is visiting for days with friends here. the republican nomination for governor, arrived in Mason City Monday for a brief visit. Helmer Blcgen, professor of modern languages, and Prof. H. Mortenson, both of Waldorf college, Forest City, were visitors in Mason City Mondaj'. John E. Foster, dean of men at Iowa State college at Ames, was the house guest overnight of Mr. and Mrs. Herbert E. Foster, 857 Second street northwest. Dean Foster is a brother of the local man. TODAY IN HISTORY Notables Born This Date--Empress Eugenie and those hats, b. 1826. * * Karl Marx, b. 1818, founder of international socialism. He never did a day's labor in his life, but the theories he acquired in the British museum and set down in Das Kapital have influenced the labor movement throughout the world more than any other man. * * Joseph P. Tumulty, b. 1879, secretary to the president in Wilson administration. * * Christopher Morley, b. 1890, novelist and essayist-Thunder on the Left, Where the Blue Begins, etc. * * Freeman Gosden. b. 1899, famed enactor of Amos, Kingfish, Liglitnin'. Brother Crawford and other roles in Amos n' Andy. * * Sir Douglas Mawson, b. 18S2, Australian Antarctic explorer. * * Alice Faye, b. 1912, blond cutie of the movies. lg2J.--Napoleon Bonaparte, aged 53, died in exile upon the island of St. Helena of cancer of the stomach. (The young English doctor who prepared the corpse for burial confessed long afterward that while he was out to lunch a rat carried off Napoleon's heart. He replaced it with the heart of a sheep for he was afraid he would be held responsible.) For 19 years before it was returned to Paris in triumph, the British kept Napoleon's corpse fearing that "the unexpected arrival of the dead Napoleon in Europe would have been second only in embarrassment to the arrival of the living." Â· Â· Â· ]gfig_Gen. John A. Logan, commander in chief of the Grand Army of the Republic, issued an order fixing May 30 as "the first Memorial (lay. His dream of a nationwide memorial day never has been realized; observance in the 48 states is divided between lour clays. Northern one, which is sometimes four or five inches across. How lid the abbreviation c-o originate'.' B. V. The first form was "under care of," which dates from 1400, and "in the care of" followed a century or two later. No one knows who originated the contraction, but it is of normal formation. It is of such ancient origin that it is lost in the ages of obscurity. If the name and address of an Inquirer is not given, will his question appear in the column? F. 1*. Probably not. Research work is done only one letters which include names and addresses. Space in the column is too limited to include queries which are unsigned. Give name and address and inclose coin or stamps for reply. Direct your letter to this newspaper's Information bureau, Frederic J. Haskin, director, Washington, D. C. Why was there itn epidemic of lo custs'ln 1868? S. M. The 17 year variety often appears in the same year and in the same territory as the 13 year variety, and when large numbers of "both of i these broods appear together there is a veritable horde as in 1S68. How long has the word, scab, been used as it is in industry? .J. K. As early as 1811 it appears in Selected Cases of the State of New York, Vol. 1, page 262: "The offending member was then termed a scab and where ever he was employed no others of that society were allowed to work." How were the old muzzle loading rifles loaded? W. H. In loading with the old stylo of cartridge for muzzle-loading rifles before the Civil war. the paper over the powder was bitten or twisted off, and the powder poured in, the bnl- et being then inserted and rammed home. In the first breech-loaders, si- nilar cartridges were used but trouble developed through escape of gas from the breech to the mechanism and the metallic cartridge was dc- Â·eloped to obviate this difficulty. Who furnshed inscriptions over the pavilion of the Union station, Washington, D. C.? L. Z. M. Dr. Charles William Eliot, late president emeritus, Harvard university. What is the purpose of the Haskin Information bureau? G. D. To be of service to newspaper readers. It is equipped to answer questions which are troubling you. Please send your questions legibly written to this newspaper's Information bureau, Frederic J. Haskin, director, Washington, D. C., enclos- ng coin or stamp for reply postage. Is Alaska divided Into Jour districts? W. A. Into eight, beginning with the panhandle and ending in the Arctic coast. Which Marquis do Iiafayottc fought in the American revolution'.' M. S- Marie Jean Paul Roch Yves Gilbert Motier. AUNT HET By Robert Quillen "1 didn't care for the movie, but, you can't spend the day shoppin' without slippin" in somewhere t.o rest your feet."