The Mason City Globe-Gazette from Mason City, Iowa on January 20, 1943 · Page 1
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January 20, 1943

The Mason City Globe-Gazette from Mason City, Iowa · Page 1

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Wednesday, January 20, 1943
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4SL. NORTH IOWA'S DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME D E P A R T M E N T " . H I S T O R Y A N D A R C H I V E S D E S ktCHNES "THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS" VOL. XLIX ASSOCIATED PRESS AND UNITED PRESS tVLL, LEASED WIRES · FIVE CENTS A COPY MASON CITY, IOWA, WEDNESDAY, JANUARY 20,1943 THIS PAPER CONSISTS OF TWO SECTIONS SECTION ONE NO. 88 REDS PUSH TOWARD KHARKOV Nazis Bomb London: Kill 49 W . if 11 NAZI CRAFT SHOT DOWN IN ATTACK BY DAY School Smashed, Set Aiire as Germans Machinegun Pedestrians BULLETIN LONDON, (JP)--Twenty-four children w e r e killed when a school was bombed here in daylight Wednesday. LONDON, W--London w a s bombed and machine gunned Wednesday in the largest German daylight raid since the battle of Britain, and preliminary reports indicated that at least 11 of the attacking planes were shot down by British fighters alone. * * * , A school was smashed and -set afire, and from its wreckage workers recovered many bodies and due into the debris for others believed killed or trapped alive. Twenty-four children w e r e killed in this school alone, authorities said. Ten children and six women were killed in one London district when a single bomb destroyed three houses, while in another section six children and three women were killed when a bomb passed through the top of a cafe ; : and burst-in · a row of-.-. !i ouses. : - ·'These brought'the total of London's deaths to at least 49. Two sections of the city were bombed and some ' homes were destroyed. The Germans attacked- under cover of. 50 to 100 fighters who patrolled the channel. It was estimated that 25 to 30 fighter bombers struck inland across Kent and -Sussex. They were engaged by RAF fighters and only a few reached London. T w e n t y-fpur persons were known to have been killed in the attacks on London. The German planes were reported engaged by British fighters. It was not disclosed immediately whether the raiders were bombers or Focke-Wulfe fighter bombers. ' Trie planes attacked during the lunch hour, machine gunning streets and buildings after sweeping in over southern England in greater force than in any daylight raid in two years. * * if It was a small scale repetition of any of a score of days during the early aerial battle of Britain when the luftwaffe frequently struck by daylight. * # * 4 Missing in Burlington Fire LIFT 17 MONTH SIEGE--Leningrad, which has been released from its 17 month siege by German and Finnish force's, is pictured in the view above. Span in the foreground is the Republic, bridge. In command of the red army troops that recaptured the fortress ,citx of. Schluesselberg to lift the siege.were IVIarshals'Gregory Zh.ukpv, inset, lower left and Klementi-Voroshilov, inset,'Upper right. : .-"' "' "* ~" " New Cold Wave Moving Into Iowa Heavy batteries and light anti-aircraft in some sections fired PKEDICTDROP IN TEMPERATURE Report Frigid Air Is Coming From Northwest DES MOINES, (JP)--A new cold wave, expected by weather forecasters to be even more severe than that of the last Ihree days,' blew into Iowa from the northwest Wednesday.* * * Charles' D. Keed, federal meteorologist, said temperatures were expected -to drop as low as 30 .degrees below zero in the northwest Wednesday night, 25 below in the northeast, 15 below in the southwest and 10 below in the southeast. While the mercury climbed Wednesday in the central and eastern portions of the state in the 3,2QO Tanks, 2,600 Planes ShipjecLby U. S. to Russia almost constantly for 10 minutes, brief letup between the cold British fighters also engaged the raiders in aerial battles. The attacks Wednesday followed up overnight operations in which the RAF ranged over the continent on intruder patrols, attacking railway targets in northern France, Belgium and the Netherlands. The air ministry said the forays were carried out without loss. One German fighter was shot down early Wednesday morning by British fighters off .the southeast coast of England. ''''_ DEAD IN 3 ARE IOWA FARM FIRE Bodies of Victims Are Found in Ruins GUTHRIE CENTER, If) -farm fire took three lives here. The victims were identified by Coroner Harold Hill as Mr. and Mrs. O. M. Ruby and George M. Morse, 87. Morse, who was Mrs. w a v e s , temperatures tumbled sharply in the northwest. Sioux City had a temperature of zero at 6 a. m.. and by 9 a. m., thermometers read 7 below and i were still going down. The new le cold wave was expected to reach Stettinius Says That's Not Enough; Declares · Some Lost Enroute WASHINGTON, (/P) -- Lend- Lease shipments to Russia have included .more than 3,200 tanks, almost 2,600 planes and 81,000 n-'Utary vehicles, Lend-lease Ad- :· istrator Edward R. Stettinius LL..I Wednesday, adding that they still were not enough and some had been losl enroute. The figures were as of Jan. 1, 1943,- Stettinius reported that important progress was made in Id';*!, that "lend-lease aid to Russia is growing to a sizeable proportion" and "will grow still more in 1943." He added in a. statement: "We have not yet been able to send as much as we should like --or as much as. the soviet army needs--and part of what we have sent has been lost on the way. "But. after a slow start, lend- j ·ase shipments have greatly in- Chile Breaks Off Relations With Axis Countries SANTIAGO, Chile, (/P;--Chil broke relations Wednesday wit Germany, Italy and Japan, lea\ ing Argentina the only America republic maintaining diplomat! contact with the axis. The decree was signed by Presl dent Rios after representatives o other American countries an Britain were notified of the step. Axis 'diplomats 'will be hande their passports Wednesday after noon, it was announced. Axis na tionals will- be r o u n d e d up a once and taken ' lo internmen points. Grove Man Listed as Missing , BURLINGTON, () -- Fire de- royed the Chicago, Burlington id Quiney passenger station here /ednesday and debris blocked 10 railroad's main line through he city. Four persons were reported missing, but firemen had found no bodies and it was not known whether they perished in the flames. * * * They were listed by police as liss Doris Kenning, telephone perator on duty in the building '. E. Carlin, conductor, who was ailing to leave on a train; W. C ^lunkolt, formerly of Eagle Grove elegraph operator on duty: and L. H. Hervey, identified only as a ivil engineer, formerly o£ Ot- umwa. There was no immediate estimate of the damage, but railroad fficials said equipment in the elegraph department alone was vorth S100.000. Trains were delayed as firemen lattled the stubborn fire in the ittev cold, which turned water loured on the blaze into ice. The temperature stood at H degrees below zero. The-'fifeXxvasrdporl'ed- at'i2:45 a. m.. and firemen still put water on the smoldering embers late iVednesday morning. * * * The station was completely razed. It had been in the process of remodeling for s e v e r a l months. The third story of the building was being removed to streamline the structure. , * * * The station is situated about three blocks south of the main i business district and sparks from \ the fire showered over much of the business area, but no other fires were started. Trains were being routed over other tracks. J. C. Grissinger, general superintendent of the road's Burlington division, said the origin o£ the blaze was not definitely known, but it was believed to have started from n heater at the south end of the temporary waiting room. The building, being under construction, was somewhat open to the weather, which was credited 1,032 JAPS ARE KLLED IN 5 DAY SOLOMON FIGHT Yanks Mop Up Near Airfield; Think To jo Illness "Diplomatic" By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Hard-hitting U. S. army troops and marines were officially credited Wednesday with wiping out 1,032 Japanese soldiers in a five- day battle on Guadalcanal island, in the Solomons, while American flying fortresses pounded enemy shipping 300 miles to the northwest. A navy communique said the heavy casualties were inflicted on the enemy from Jan. 13 to Jan. 17 as American troops slowly battled their way forward against stiff Japanese resistance. , for the rapid spread and intensity of the fire. * ' * * The railroad set up a temporary waiting room in the lobby of the Union hotel across the street, and was preparing railroad coaches nearby to serve as waiting rooms and offices * * * Traffic was-. completely tied up For the most part, the fighting centered around mopping-up actions to clear the enemy away from Henderson air field. The navy said flying fortresses, escorted by fighters, left a Japanese cargo ship in flames in a foray to the Shortland islands and shot down two enemy float-type planes. Onc«U. S. fighter was listed as missing. * * * ·--Meanwhile--Premier-'~H "r d'6-lrf Tojo of Japan Was reported stricken by a cold Wednesday, on the eve of the scheduled .reconvening of the Japanese parliament, while on widely-separated battlefronts the .Mikado's invasion armies struggled against mounting allied offensives. A Tokio broadcast reporting Tojo's illness said the 81st diet session, which Tojo had planned to address, would be recessed until Jan. 27. III the United Stales, speculation arose that Tojo's illness may have been "diplomatic" to allow him time for framing measures giving him even greater dictatorial powers. * * * ·On the New Guinea front, dispatches said allied troops inflicted such heavy casualties that only 27 Japanese prisoners were taken in the capture of Sanananda point and Sanananda village, wiping but the enemy's last major garrison on the Papuan peninsula, Four isolated Japanese groups. tightly pocketed by American and Australian troops, still held out in the coastal jungles. Gen. D o u g l a s MacArthur's headquarters reported that while the mopping up of enemy land forces continued, allied bombers renewed the assault on Japanese bases at Lao, New Guinea, Axis Makes 7 Mile Gain at Pont du Fahs By N'OLAXD NORGAAKD ALLIED HEADQUARTERS IN NORTH AFRICA, W)--Axis tank forces, in an apparent attempt to divert pressure on Marshal Rommel's army retreat corridor to southern Tunisia, have smashed seven miles into the French-held allied positions southwest of Pont du Fahs. Simultaneous with this disclosure by the allied headquarters communique, an official French nouncement said German parachutists had been dropped in Algeria, presumably near the capital city of Algiers. Official offers of cash and clothing coupon rewards for their capture were published in the Algerian press. The German tank column under General Von Arnim s l a s h e d through the French Tunisian positions in a drive along the road from Pont du Fahs southwest toward Robaa, about 28 miles away. To the north of Pont du Fahms, an allied headquarters spokesman said, "every axis soldier who has advanced to the west side of the road running between Bou Arada and Goubcllat" has been cleared out. "We hold the high ground lo the southeast of Bou Arada," the spokesman said, "and our artillery by continuous shelling is denying (enemy) use of the road running almost clue west from Pont du Fahs." Communication lines between Tunisia and Rommel's retreating columns were under further pressure from the air as U. S. fighter planes launched widespread attacks on roads all the way from Tripolitania to Tunis. A squadron oC lightning P-3Bs struck a big transport column on the highway between Zhara, in Tripolitania, and Ben Gardane, on the Tunisian side, of, Ihe .border. ..-,; .:---·;.· -. " BRITISHTROOPS ONLY 30 MILES FROM TRIPOLI Shattered Rommel Corps Reported in Headlong Retreat By ROGER GREENE Associated Press War Editor Russia's armies were reported storming T o r w a r d Wednesday within 79 miles of Kharkov, the "Pittsburgh o£ the Ukraine," while on the North African front the British eighth army was swittly closing in on Horns and Tarhuna, respectively 55 and 40 miles from the big axis stronghold at Tripoli. ·£ ·"£ * A Cairo broadcast said British vanguards were only 20 miles from Tripoli, last citadel in Premier Mussolini's African empire, in pursuit of Nazi Field Marshal Erwln Rommel's fleeinc columns. * * ¥ At the same time, the Berlin radio said British parachutists were being dropped behind Koxn- mell's lines to harass communications. A bulletin from Gen. Sir Bernard L. Montgomery's 8th army headquarters pictured the shattered Rommel corps as in headlong retreat, losing prisoners, guns and vehicles, under violent round-the- clock assault by allied bombers and, fighters. "Tuesday our forces continued to press the enemy to the northwest and by evening were closing in on Horns and Tarhuna," the British communique said. "Allied air squadrons continued to · attack- -. the .retrcating;-enemy . . . and maintained 'con'tjnuous' pressure during the last 24 hours on columns moving westward. from Tarhuna." * * * ' Dispatches from Cairo said the fact that axis columns were fleeing westward instead of northwestward toward Tripoli might indicate that Rommel's southern flank planned to by-pass Tripoli completely in its haste to reach Tunisia. * '·{· %· Allied \varplanes were reported already raining havoc on the road 4 IOWANS ARE FATALLY BURNED Father Perished Trying to Rescue Family ROCK RAPIDS, (IP)--Evidence from charred remains of the bodies of a Rock Rapids father, his wife, and their two children, found after , _. their cottage burned Wednesday, j along which. Rommel must travel indicated the father rescued his blind mother-in-law and perished trying to get the others out. Volunteer firemen found the bodies of John Menage, 29, his wife, Eva, 20, and their small children, Nanneltc. ·!, and John, Jr., fi months, at 7:30 a. m. The mother- up the coast of Tunisia for a junction with other axis forces in the Tunis-Bizerte zone. The German high command asserted that Gen. Walther Nehring's forces had attacked and captured "important" but unspecified positions in Tunisia and in-lau% Mrs. Albert Edmunds. G5. seized more than 1,000 allied was alive but in critical condition. [ prisoners. " , , Timor island, on the Kaie islands, and at Gasmata, New Britain. In the Burma theater. RAF Ruby's father, had come from California on a visit. here . The tragedy was discovered Tuesday morning by John Flanery, neighbor of the Rubys, who became alarmed when he could not see the Ruby farm home from the road as usual. He found the charred bodies in the ruins, Hill said it was believed ail three were trapped in upstairs bedrooms by the flames. Time of the fire was placed by Hill at be- as far as Fort Dodge Wcdnesday afternoon and extend over much of the state by Thursday morning. Slronjr winds were lo accompany the cold weather and occasional light snow was forecast for the north portions, but the precipitation was not expected to amount to much. * * * Transportation f a c i l i t i e s , blocked by snow drifts Tuesday, generally were back to near normal Wednesday. The highway commission said all roads were open by Tuesday night. Meanwhile. Clinton and Mason City, with 17 below, shared honors for the state's cold spots Wednesday morning before the temporary rising temperatures arrived. Other low readings included: Dubuque -16, Muscatine and Spencer -15, Ceda'r Rapids and Iowa City -14. Burlington and Charles City -11. Ottumwa -8, Lamoni and Fort Dodge -7. Marehalltown -6; Sioux City -3. De.-: Moines -2. tween 10 Monday. p. m. and midnight, IJFT GRAIN EMBARGO CHICAGO, (/P)--The general embargo on grain shipments in efefct through the peak marketing season has been lifted at most principal markets. Permits to move grain into storage now are required only at Chicago, Omaha, C o u n c i l Bluffs. Indianapolis, Louisville, Sioux City and Pcoria. creased. They are continuing to increase in spite of the shortage of shipping and enemy attacks along the difficult supply routes to Russia.". Stetlinius said lend-lease shipments of war supplies to Russia reached a new high in November, exports being 13 times the total sent in January. 1942. Military items accounted for two-thirds of the value of November shipments, the balance being industrial materials for munitions factories jnd food. * * * He also reported that the united Kingdom had supplied Russia -, -ith "great quantities of · militarj equipment," produced in Grtf Britain, that united kinfcdo^ shipments to Russia include* more than 2,600 tanks, and more than 2,000 planes. "Lend-lease shipments of food to the soviet union from the United States are rapidly growing in importance." StcUinius said.' "We have now begun sending food to the soviet union in greater quantities than to the united kingdom. As the soviet armies lake the offensive a sufficient supply of food is as vital to their success as planes and tanks. "The people of the soviet union have so far waged their magnificent battle against the nazis principally with their own arms. But lend-lease aid to Russia is growing to a sizeable proportion. It will grow still more in 1943." BLAST KILLS NASHUA MAN NASHUA--Harry Crooks, about 54, owner of the Crooks service station, \\-as decapitated in the explosion of a kerosene tank here this afternoon. Crooks was attempting to thaw the faucet on the tank with a blow torch when the explosion occurred. . -- - ------- ........... j on the main line for a lime and i bombers hit the Japanese in Iowa Legislature Pays Tribute to 5 Sullivans of Waterloo DES MOINES, (/P)_Thc Iowa house and senate stood for a moment in silent prayer for the Sullivan family of Waterloo and then adopted unanimously Wednesday a resolution paying tribute to the "courage and sacrifice" of the five Sullivan brothers reported missing in a navy action. The tribute in the house followed a speech by Representative Arch McFarlane (R-Walerloo) urging adoption of the resolution as an expression of sympathy and patriotism. Speaker Henry W. Burma (R-Allison) then urged that the lawmakers cast their votes by rising and remain standing in I trains were sent over switch tracks some distance away. The ine was opened for west-bound U-affic by mid-morning, however, and the east-bound line was to be opened later Wednesday Coroner R. O. Giles said Wed- icsday afternoon that no bodies had been recovered. He was still at the fire scene. ' Fire Chief Kobcrt Collatt said it was impossible to make an extensive search for bodies Wednesday in Ihe debris and ice and said that it "misM be one to three days before we can K«t in Ihere with axes." * * * Harold Duke, assistant fire chief, said he saw what appeared to be a body in one section of a second floor office still standing but that it was not possible to reach it, even with extension ladders. Alt the missing had been on the second floor of the burned structure. Amoiil 75 people were in the small temporary waiting room of the station when the [ire broke out after explosion of an oil heater, according ticket seller. to Allen Shank, "softening Menage, the firemen said, apparently first grabbed the mother-in-law and deposited her in a snowdrift. When found he held ihe older child in his arms and had, the firemen said, put the baby in its carriage and started with both for safety. Cause of the fire was undetermined but it was thought to have started as Menage, janitor at the Community building, was leaving for work. His car was found Outside, with lights on and motor running, leading to the theory he The" heaviest fighting recently has centered in the area between Pont du Fahs and Mcdjcz-El-Bab Tunis, 30 miles where the southwest of Germans have been trying to crack the French- held flank of the allied lines. * ·+ * As the campaign in Libya, nearccl its eliimclic phase, the news on the soviet front creiv blacker by the hour for Adolf Hitler's invasion armies. 3UlL\,lllllb U [ J l.llUb, tUlclC*llll£ I Rathcdaung, 25 miles north of the lway ,? n ° big enemy base at Akyab, and the enemy-occupied village of Padali on Akyab island. o attempt amily. .,,, ,,.. ,,.. , - --. -- And now Hitler's own news- raids, attacking 1 saw tnc firc as '' c was driving I paper, the V'oelkischcr Bcobauh- 'ied back to the house j ter. spoke bitterly of Ihe hard- thj rescue of his \ ship and told the German people at home that they "should see now difficult is the fighting on the eastern front." Just a little more than 15 months after the fuehrer made his historic boost that "the enemy (Russia) is already broken and he will never rise again." the newspaper was quoted as saying that today Russia has "more sol- "There was a hissing noise and the flames from the stove leaped upward to the ceiling." said Shank who had come on duty only 10 minutes before. Shank was the last to leave the station. He saved some of the ticket office cash after going to his he gave to some of the passengers. He helped the passengers to leave the depot. * ¥ * "Within 10 minutes the wait- Ine room was a blazing furnace," Shank stated. "The people were very calm and there was no confusion as they left by exits leading to t h e platforms or entrance ways." Charles Meinsen. ticket seller relieved at midnight by Shank, went to the second floor of the depot to talk to his father, W. C. Meinsen, a janitor. Learning of the fire when they went downstairs to investigate the confusion they heard, the Meinsens rushed back upstairs to warn others. The elder Meinsen told Doris Kenning of the firc and saw her getting her wraps, thinking she would follow him downstairs. Charles Meinsen helped his father downstairs after they called out warnings to W. C. Plunkett, telegrapher, the call boy and others on the second floor. Shank said he saw Miss Kenning and Carlin coming down- It is re- locker for extra clothing which I mcnt. stairs behind the Meinsens. believed that Miss Kenning turned to warn Hervey. who was asleep in the engineering dcpart- Buy War Savings Komis and Stamps from jour GloV--Gazette carrier boy. Weather Report FORECAST MASON CITY-- Colder with snow flurries and strong winds Wednesday afternoon nnd Wednesday night. Lowest temperature Wednesday night in Mason City 22 b e 1 o w. Continued cold Thursday forenoon. IOWA: Not quite so cokl in cast portion. Continued c o l d i n northwest portion. Becoming colder in the southwest portion Wednesday afternoon through Thursday forenoon. Occasional light snow in the north portion. MINNESOTA: C o n t i n u e ci cold Wednesday night and Thursday forenoon: occasional light snow south and cast central portions. IN MASON CITY Globe-GazcUc weather t,tatislics; Maximum Tuesday -6 Minimum Tuesday -17 At 8 a. m." Wednesday -12 At 1 p. m. Wednesday I At 2:30 p. m. Wednesday 0 YEAR AGO: Maximum .ts Minimum 14 dicrs, more guns and more tanks than a year ago.' 1 Other German newspapers said the reich mvisl now bear the loss of more thnn 1!0 divisions caught in the Russian trap before Stalingrad, and declared that because of Russia's manpower the loss ot 20 German divisions "is twice as serious as it would he for the Russians." ¥ ^'. ^ Soviet dispatches d e c l a r e d that ficrmaiiy's satellites ficht- inff on the eastern front were displaying x willingness to surrender, and reported that in a two-hour battle near Posloyaly. on the Voronezh front, 5,090 Italian officers and men were 1 taken prisoner. * * * Since last Wednesday, the Russian command said, the red armies have captured 52,000 prisoners--of whom only 2,500 were Germans. The others were 27,500 Hungarians and 22.000 Italians. Red army headquarters, reporting the capture of numerous cities and towns on five key fronts,

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