The Mason City Globe-Gazette from Mason City, Iowa on January 24, 1945 · Page 1
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January 24, 1945

The Mason City Globe-Gazette from Mason City, Iowa · Page 1

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Wednesday, January 24, 1945
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HORTH IOWA'S DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME . O E P A R T M f c i s r jf H I S T O R Y A H O A - ' D E S U O I N E S . I A "THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS" HOME EDITION VOL.U Aaocteted Mw md United Fm» Foil Lcued Him Fir» Oats a Copyl MASON CITY, IOWA, WEDNESDAY, JANUARY 24, 1945 Ffcper Consists of Two Sections--Section On* NO. 9Z RUSSIAN TROOPS CAPTURE OPPELN Planes Continue Blasting of Retreating Nazi Troops, Tanks CLAIM GERMANS MOVING ARMIES TO EAST FRONT First, Third Hammer Sector of Belgium Still Held by Germans .Paris, ' (Jf) -- Allied warplanes Jones to Testify Before Senate Group Washington, (/P)--The Wallace^ Jones cabinet feud came up for a public airing Wednesday before a senate committee sharply divided in its sympathies. · Jesse H. Jones, the 70 year old Houston banker whom President Roosevelt ousted as secretary of commerce, accepted the commerce committee's order to appear at an afternoon hearing in the caucus room of the senate office building Former Vice President Henry A. Wallace, nominated by the president for Jones double-bar- reled job as commerce secretary- loan administrator as a campaign reward, has been invited to testify Technically, the committee wa not to examine the pair with relation to senate confirmation of Wallace's nomination. That matter was pushed to 2nd place Tuesday in favor of considering a bill, offered by Senator George (D.-Ga.), to split away vast financial responsibilities from the commerce secretary's duties. George proposed reconstituting control of the Reconstruction Finance corporation and other loan agencies in an independent $12,000-a-year administrator, as it was before President Roosevelt consolidated . the lending authority with the commerce post 3 years »fo. . Technicalities, blasted' anew Wednesday at a great exodus of German troops and tanks moving northeast by rail and road from the flattened Ardennes salient on the western ; front toward the convulsed Rus' sian battlefields. The mystery move still lacked Thursday. officials clarification, AP Correspondent Roger D. Greene reported from the northern part of the western front. The American 1st and 3rd armies hammered through thick snowfields agairist the slender strip of Belgium and Luxembourg still in German hands. Weather preventeti all but scattered flights in the center, but in the north, RAF Spitfires and Tempests bombed and shot up scores of packed troop'trains with rockets, cannons arid machineguns. The Britons, too, flew in wretched weathen The trains presumably were ; loaded with a large part of the panzer forces, which bore the brunt of Field Marshal Ton Rund: stedt's broken pre-Christmas oi- ' fensive In the " Ardennes. The | T enemy continued to move In br»»d daylight despite the wholesale carnage and wreckage inflicted by »1- ' lied planes. ' ' · · ' . . Up and down the 3 main-railroads from Dusseldorf to 'Hannover, the RAF spread its fresh destruction and beat-off feeble German aerial atempts to protect the trains. Hannover is about 355 miles from the nearest Russians · charging across western Poland. the 1 Roads and rails were clogged; sent. the Germans moved by day as well as night despite allied air blows which in 48 hours up to Wednes- Wallace, and d day cost them 4,706 trucks, 207 other way .of tanks and hundreds of railcars and president and locomotives. British pilots alone attacked 165 packed eastbound troop trains on' 3 lines between Dusseldorf and Hannover. Pilots - said trains moving toward the western front were empty. Indications were that the Germans were" withdrawing large armored forces from the west, a front dispatch from the general area of Field Marshal Montgomery's headquarters said. The Germans held a scant 200 square miles in the Ardennes, half .before the charging 3rd army in -· Luxembourg, and half before the 2^t army captors of St. Vith in Bel- -- * At least 25 towns were reported captured in those 2 countries and ' i- in Germany itself, where the British 2nd army drove into the 7- ivay highway junction of Heinsberg, on the \Vurm river, a nearby ' tributary of the Roer. Heins. berg is 31 miles from Dnsseldorf - and 16 from Munchen Gladbach. Farther south, the U. S. 7th army "made a limited withdrawal in the general area east and north of Haguenau," supreme headquarters announced, yielding most of the Haguenau forest but "no large towns." Five or 6 German divisions have been exerting pressure in'this section of Alsace. French first army poilus attacked the Colmar pocket from north and south below Strasbourg. A front dispatch said the French advanced several kilometers north of Colmar and crossed the HI river, a Rhine tributary, at several points. A pocket of 300 surrounded Germans was being mopped up. North of Strasbourg, German 280-millimeter shells were . dropping into Haguenau and Brumath, 6 miles southwest. The threat to northern Alsace remained serious, and considerable German movements were noted in the Bitche salient to the .west. Opposite' the Maas (Meuse) river, the British 2nd army fought into Heinsberg, last important German road center west of the Roer. In attacks which have carried more than 7 miles into northwest Germany, the British had struck to within 4 miles of Roermond and 32 of Dusseldorf. Third army Infantry advanced Z\'« miles across the headwaters of the Clerve river in Luxembourg, capturing Binsfield, tYi miles from Germany. Farther south along the-main hill line of the Clerve, the 90th infantry and 6th cavalry encountered the enemy dug in on the east bank. The occupation of the last rim i. B-29'S STRIKE IWO, HALFWAY FROM SAIPAN Follow Up Bombing of Nagoya Tuesday by Mariana Squadron , Pearl Harbor, (U.PJ--B-29 Super- fortresses turned their attention from the Japanese homeland temporarily Wednesday for another heavy attack on military installa-^ tions on Iwo,, stepping stone island half way from Saipan to Tokyo. Twice before Marianas - based Superfortresses have hit Iwo, 750 miles southeast of Tokyo, both times in. conjunction with Liberators and a naval task force. There was no immediate indication whether surface vessels and other bombers joined in Wednes- however, were not, likely to stand: in the vvay of a ·_. thoroughgoing inquiry . by . the senators. The dispute has .rocked official : 7WasEiriMton 'since 'Sunday night 'when Jones made public Mr^ Roosevelt's request that he step aside to make. room for' Wallace. The committee shunted the George bill ahead of the Wallace nomination Tuesday by a vote of 10 to 2, with Senators Overton (D.-La.) and Pepper (D.-Fla.) in the minority and with several of the 11 democratic members ab- ent. , · Pepper described the George bill as "a slap in the face" for Wallace, and declared it is "an- undercutting the glorifying Jesse Jones as if he were the only man in the world qualified to hold the place/' . Glen Taylor, freshman democratic senator from. Idaho, came out in favor of Wallace's confirmation. Taylor charged ."the present outcry against him is coming from the same vocal minority and special interest groups which were so soundly defeated in the recent election." day's bombardment. Iwo, in the Volcano group, Is the main enemy air base athwart the Superfortress route to Tokyo, Nagoya and Osaka and serves both as a warning base and as a nest for intercepting fighters: Japanese bombers also have made hit-run raids from Iwo on the Marianas. The new attack was announced in a brief bulletin, from the war department in Washington, which promised details later. .':. The raid -followed by less than Z* hours an attack , on ;: the main Japanese" : aircraft "center^brrwa-^ goya by Maj. Gen. : Curtis ;Lemay's Marianas-based 21st bomber command. ' . ' Returning pilots reported they met their heaviest fighter opposition yet over Japan at Nagoya, with as many as 10.0 planes attacking some formations. At least 1 B-29 was lost and a war department communique said 15 enemy aircraft were shot down and 34 damaged seriously. The Japanese acknowledged the loss of only 6 planes. The Iwo attack was announced while Pacific fleet headquarters was awaiting word of the results of the 3rd fleet's latest foray against Japan's China sea strongholds. A Pacific fleet's carrier planes -- Mrs/Perkins Reappointed to Labor Post Washington, (JP)--P r e s i d e n t Roosevelt has redesignated Frances Perkins as secretary of labor in his 4th term cabinet, after declining to accept her resignation. It was learned authoritatively Wednesday Miss Perkins intended her resignation--submitted as a formality--to "stick" and that she had been preparing to leave Washington, after the inauguration. Mr. Roosevelt rejected the resignation orally last Saturday--inauguration day--a n d followed through with a letter. Miss Perkins, who served as New York labor commissioner for 13 years before her appointment to the cabinet in 1933, has been under fire throughout much o£ her stay in Washington. . Difficulty of selecting a date from the ranks of labor who would be acceptable to both the AFL and CIO has been generally given as the reason for her long tenure in the face of an often-expressed desire to quit. \ ' · REDS REPORT SEVENTH ARMY IN OFFENSIVE Kaiisz Falls After 4 Day Tank Battle; Storm Oder River Line BULLETIN London, (IP)--Russian t r o o p s Wednesday captured Oppeln, capital of Upper Silesia, Marshal Stalin announced in an order of the flay. " Other troops flanking; Breslan captured Trachenberg, 156 miles southeast of Berlin and 23 north and west of Breslau. MILITARY SHRINE OF GERMANS FALLS TO RUSSIA--The red army has invaded the homeland of Germany in massive strength and captured the nazi military shrine oE Tannenberg in East Prussia, the burial place of von Hindenburg and the scene of that German leader's defeat of the Russian imperial army in World war I. The soviet army won a sweet revenge as its now victorious troops stood before the tomb where lies the German field marshal, who as president of Germany, with Hitler as his chancellor, died in 1934. Shortly after his death, the above scene at the Tannenberg memorial took place as Adolf Hitler (arrow), successor as reich ruler, addressed his troops. unofficially estimated at more -- attacked Okinawa of the salient remaining in German, hands proceeded along a 30- mile front. The utterly ruined village of St. Vith was firmly in hands of the 7th armored division. Vianden, the south anchor of 500 or in the Ryukyu islands. 250 miles south of Japan, Monday 24 hours after destroying or damaging 240 enemy aircraft in raids on the Formosa area. (A- Tokyo broadcast said Japanese planes heavily damaged and set afire a battleship and another warship in an attack on an allied task force east of Formosa Tuesday night.) Gen. Douglas MacArthur's Philippines-based bombers also struck 16 BACK PEACE ORGANIZATION New Senators Send Roosevelt Assurance By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS ^'^.Uteiliiitfton?^Httj x t e e.n new members of the!United States~senr ate. advised President · Roosevelt Wednesday; that they will back formation of a united nations organization to preserve world peace; The 10 new democratic and 6 new republican members got together on their own initiative and sent their assurance in a letter to the white house. Wishing Mr. Roosevelt success in.conferences with Marshal Stalin and Prime Minister Churchill, the freshmen senators said: "We believe this government should use all reasonable means to assure our allies and the other nations of the world that we intend to share in the direction of and the responsibility for the settlement of this war and the maintenance of peace." They suggested further that "an agreement among the major allies be concluded as soon as possible, to demilitarize Germany and to keep it demilitarized." "We believe," they said, "that this government should, as soon as possible, arrange to participate affirmatively in all decisions affecting the establishment of law and order in the liberated or enemy countries." It was learned that Senators Close in on Bamban Clark Field Airstrips German lines in the Ardennes, was entered. It is a half mile from the frontier, and it was not known whether any Germans remained there. · . The British occupied Maasbracht, Aphoven, Brachterbeek, St. Joost, Obspringen, Laffeld and Waldenrath and fought in Montfort, 4 miles south of the German stronghold of Roermond, where the Roer meets the Maas. The German withdrawal into the reich from the Ardennes salient was in broad daylight and despite terrible punishment inflicted by American and British planes. Because of allied air superiority, German transports habitually move only by night unless the need is of the utmost urgency. "The obvious explanation seemed to be that the German command was rushing reinforcements from the western front to meet the great Russian offensive in the east," Greene reported. "It seemed unlikely they were merely pulling back-to refit and rest after the savage beating suffered at t h e hands of the Americans, otherwise they would go back at a slower tempo and move by night." British planes Tuesday rippec up and down the great rail arteries through Dusseldorf to Hannover, disabled 88 locomotives' and 286 railcars. Railroads were cul in 29 places. The entire effort 01 the German air force was directed to protecting rail lines from the Ardennes and Dusseldorf areas but the enemy failed dismally anc lost from 34 to 52 planes of 300 flown in the north. The RAF los 12. The Germans counter-attackei with tanks and infantry at · places in the St. Vith area. Each thrust was repulsed. j|i|jiinr£i-urtt:t;u u u i i i u c i n uiau an LH.A . · at the .Formosa area, bombing the Fulbnght (D-Ark.) and Smith (R. Heito airbase on Formosa and destroying or damaging 4 small freighters in the Sakishima groups. Okinawa and MRS. F. D. R. TO PARIS London, tl.R--A Paris dispatch o the. London Daily Mail said Vednesday that' Mrs. Eleanor loosevelr. wife of the president of he United States, was expected to visit Paris shortly, possibly in the next fortnight with Presidential Secretary Stephen Early. Weather Report FORECAST Mason City: Partly cloudy Wednesday night and Thursday with no decided change in .temperature. Lowest Wednesday night about 15. Iowa: Fair Wednesday night followed by increasing cloudiness Thursday. No important temperature change. Minnesota: Fair south and cloudy north portion Wednesday night. Warmer north portion. Thursday mostly cloudy with little change in temperature. Occasional light snow extreme north portion Wednesday night and northeast and extreme north portion Thursday. IN MASON CITY Globe-Gazette Weather Statistics Maximum Tuesday 34 Minimum Tuesday 24 At 8 a. m. Wednesday 9 . YEAR AGO: Maximum 46 Minimum 28 Precipitation Trace N. J.) were leaders in formulating the letter to the white house. In the last congress Fuibright, then a member of the house, sponsored a resolution favoring creation of international machinery with the power to maintain "lasting peace." Other signers were--among the democrats--Briggs of Missouri, Hoey of North Carolina, McMahon of Connecticut, Mitchell of Washington, Myers of Pennsylvania and Taylor of Idaho. Republican signers in addition to Smith were Capehart of Indiana, Donnell of Missouri, Hickenlooper of Iowa, Morse of Oregon and Saltpnstall of Massachusetts. In addition, Senators Magnuson (D-Wash.) and Moses (D-N. Dak.) were reached by telephone and were reported in agreement with the statement. Senator Johnston D-S. Car.) was out of town but associates said he also subscribed. The only point of even minor disagreement among the freshmen legislators was reported to be over the wording of the firs pledge in the letter. As originally drafted, it simply declared "We favor the formation at the earliest possible moment o: a united nations organization." Some of the senators, it was reported, wanted to add "in har- hony with general purposes o! the Dumbarton Oaks conferences.' FROM MANILA Jap Forces Abandon New Defenses in Hills Genera! MacArthur's H e a fl- quarlers, Luzon, (U.R)--Japanese forces have abandoned new, well- prepared defenses in the hills northwest of Bamban, 53 miles from Manila, and the fall of that lasl bastion shielding Clark field appeared imminent Wednesday. Maj. Gen. Oscar \V. Griswold's 14th corps already may be within 50 air miles of Manila at a point east of Bamban. Concepcion, 53 miles northwest of the Philippines' capital and six and a half miles northeast of Bamban, was overrun Tuesday. United Press War Correspondent Frank Hewlett reported from the front that the 40th (California) division was closing in late Tuesday on both Bamban and the Bamban airfield, 3 miles northeast of the town and the first of the Clark field airstrips. Japanese opposition to the frontal advance on Bamban stiffened Tuesday afternoon, Hewlett said, but dual purpose anti-aircraft- anti-lank guns silenced enemy bat- erios and most enemy snipers soon fterward fell back farther south. The enemy's abandonment of dc- ensc positions completed only a ew months ago northwest of lamban was taken as a sign that he will not attempt a strong stand even at the Bamban river, which isects the Luzon plain a mile south of the town,. Hewlett said. American engineers with bulldozers, scrapers and other equip- House Against Purchasetrf--- Residence Des Moines, (IP)--The question of whether the state should obtain a residence for its governor met a flurry of opposition in a preliminary test in the house Wednesday and lost by 9 votes. The vote was 46 for and 51 against a resolution to appoint a joint senate-house committee to investigate, and take options on, prospective houses that could be purchased. Fifty-five votes were needed for passage. The resolution was offered by Representatives Carroll A. Lane (H.-Carroll), D. A. Donbhue (R.- Tipton) and 16 others. Lane said opposition to the resolution apparently came from a bloc which sought to establish itself as definitely committed to a program of economy. Rep. G. E. Whitehead (R.- Perry) and Rep. Henry Wormley (R.-Ki n g s l ey) unsuccessfully sought to aid proponents of the resolution. The majority of those who took the floor voiced definite opposition to the purchase of a governor's home at this time despite " HANDS' HEIGHT State College, Pa., (/P) -- Penn State's tallest basketball man is 6 foot eighter who is playing th cage game for the first time. He i Herb Curric. PLAN TO CUT RET AIL COSTS Will Increase Supply of Low Priced Clothing Washington, (fP)--The government Tuesday announced a drastic textile and clothing program designed to cut consumer costs 6 to 7 per cent and to increase supplies of low and medium-priced essential garments. The plan, blanketing miils, clothing manufacturers and dealers--and admittedly "tough" on them--xvas announced at a joint news conference by Chairman J. A. Krug of the war production board and Price Administrator Chester Bowles. The price cuts and increase in supplies arc expected by late spring, they said. The joint control will channel 75 per cent of all civilian fabric into garments termed essential by WPB to avert what Krug called "a very serious supply situation" ahead. It will roll back prices, from mill to dry goods stores, to the level of the first half of 1043 as a remedy for what Bowles de- ·scribcd as "the most serious London, (/P) -- Red army troops battled to force the Oder river barrier in Silesia Wednesday and Marshal Stalin announced the capture of the Polish hinge stronghold of Kaiisz to the 'northeast after » 4-day tank battle. Stalin also disclosed that 6th soviet army group has entered the winter offensive, scoring a. 23- mile-wide breakthrough in.Czer.ha- lovakia. East Prussia in the north vas being carved in 2'by red army group.s. In Silesia, Soviets battled in the tsreets of Oppeln arid Gleiwitz and gained ground near the Oder river towns of Brieg^and Cosel, both below Breslau. Kaiisz, 61 miles northeast of Breslau and about the same distance southeast of Poznan. fell to Marshal Gregory Zhukov's first white Russian army. Other Zhu- kov forces struck through stubborn nazi tank and infantry opposition toward Poznan, 137 nuln from Berlin. Kaiisz (pop. 68.000) guards approaches to both Breslau and Poznan. Stalin ordered a victory salute of 20' salvoes from 324 . guns' (9 mark its fall. It lies 56 i /miles .westv of-feodz.- - ' - · " · --I*-' Gains in the Oder river-battle ivere announced in a iate Moscow dispatch. This direct Associated Press. dispatch written at 5 p. m. satfl "there were no indications yet that Marshal Ivan Konev's men have crossed the frozen Oder." An earlier Reuters dispatch from Moscow, however, said Konev's men had "established at least 1 bridgehead across the Oder." last great natural barrier protecting the heart of Germany, presumably near Bricg. Marshal Stalin declared a 6lh winter offensive beating into German lines had scored a new 25 mile wide breakthrough in eastern Czechoslovakia, advancing 16 miles in the area about 150 miles southeast of the Oder river ' battle. This latest push by the 2nd Ukr'ainiah army of Marshal Rodion Malinovsky toppled the strong- points of Rozsnyo, 33 miles south- vest of.Kassa, and Jolsvatapolca, another 13 miles west. Stal.in saluted the gains through mountains and forests by 24 generals and 28 other commanders. Berlin reports said a 7th offensive was under way in Latvia on the north of the embattled eastern the fact the question before the j breach in price control." Quality j front. ' A lute Moscow dispatch said tlic Germans, with their grip on Si- house was simply on the matter I controls to protect consumers are [ of appointing committee. Lane and Donoluie declared :)S ncludccl. "We have enough textiles in the j Icsia and East Prussia slackening. Buy your War B o n d s and Stamps from your Globe-Gazette carrier boy. , ment were awaiting the capture of .he Bamban airstrip eagerly. With hundreds of acres of dispersal area, the field offers unlimited possibilities for aerial support of the [inal assault on Manila, only a little more than 50 miles to the soutli. Filipino civilians told American officers that American planes destroyed scores of Japanese planes on the runways and revetments at Bamban with the result that the enemy seldom had used the field since last September. The remnants of the Japanese base force were evacuated to Manila 9. days ago. they said. Army engineers were expected to have the field in operation within a few days of its capture. The other 10 Clark field airstrips He south of the Bamban river. Hewlett said the advance on Bamban was being spearheaded by units commanded by Col. Edward J. Murray of Sacramento, Cal., former state highway engineer, while' his subordinates included Maj. John McSweeney (8925 West 2*th street), Maj. Harry Chittick (1821 West 143rd street, Lt. Col. Maurice Stratta (3172 Casadore street), all of Los Angeles, and Maj. Rex Stout, Eagle Rock, Cal. California national guardsmen predominate in the 40th division. Other American units strengthened the east flank of the American beachhead with thmsts into that passage of the resolution would not commit the legislature to any action. Whitehead made the point that the committee merely would find out whether this was a good time to buy a home. Rep. M. L. Hicklin (R.-Wapello) opened the debate by asserting he was convinced this was not the time "to buy real estate in Des Moines." country to fill essential needs if I apparently had slaked the defense all fabrics arc made into t h e ' o f Berlin and the core of Gcr- things civilians need and not into lot of frills and ruffles," Krug many on the Poznan salient. 46 asserted. miles from the reich border. Mar- 'shal Gregory Zhukov's men have -·'f * * * * U-BOATS NEAR NORWAY London, (iP--Norwegian reports Wednesday said the Germans recently stationed 100 new U-boats at Norwegian ports as far north as Narvik with the purpose of resuming their submarine campaign. Zarazoga, 19 miles northwest of Bamban, and San Emanacl. farther north, and the neutralization of enemy defenses in the Rosario and Pozorrubio areas at the northeast corner of the invasion front. The Japanese stronghold on Mt. Alava, south of Pozorrubio, was wiped out.- "Great quantities" of supplies, including 2,000 tons of ammunition and 6 artillery pieces, were captured. On the western flank, 14th corps troops speared across the Zambales foothills to Camp O'Donnell, 8',4 miles northwest of, Bamban. The Japanese formerly confined many American survivors of the infamous "Death March af.Bataan" in a large concentration camp at Camp O'Donnell. but the prisoners had been removed and there were no reports that any American prisoners were recovered there. RUSSIANS REPORTED IN POZNAN -- Arrows indicate red army drives on the eastern front (heavy line). Moscow; said Russian troops were within 137 miles of Berlin, in the area of Poznan. To the north red. army pincers tightened on East Prussia, and to the south the Russians had reached the Oder river between Breslau and Oppeln,

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