The Mason City Globe-Gazette from Mason City, Iowa on January 19, 1943 · Page 10
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January 19, 1943

The Mason City Globe-Gazette from Mason City, Iowa · Page 10

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Tuesday, January 19, 1943
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*Atfcy*aawaawiaia ^ MASON CITY GLOBE-GAZETTE TUESDAY, JANUARY 19, MASON CITY GLOBE-GAZETTE An A. W LEE NEHSPAfEK Issued Every Week Day by th« MASON CITY GLOBE-GAZETTE COMPANY 121-123 East Slit* SUMl Tclepbon« No. 3800 Entered as second-class matter April 17. 1330, at the post- ottlce at Mason CHy. Iowa, under Uie acl of blarch H. lB7a. LEE P. LOOM1S - - - - - Publisher W. EARL HALL Managing Editor ENOCH A. NOREM City Editor LLOYD L. GEER - Advertising Manager MEMBER ASSOCIATED PRESS-The Associated Press IB exclusively entitled to the use lor rcpublication ol all news, dispatches credited lo it or not otherwise credited in this paper and also the local news published herein. rULL. LEASED WIRE SERVICE BY UNITED PKESS MEMBFR IOWA DAILY PRESS ASSOCIATION, with De* Moines news and Dusiness offices at 405 Shops Building. SUBSCRIPTION RATES LOOK OUT BELOW Speaking of Paving Blocks--! EVE® OBSERVING Mason City and Clear Lake, by the year... . . .510.00 Mason City and Clear Lake, by the week. $ JO OUTSIDE MASON C1TX AND CLCAB LAKE AS') WITHIN IUO MILES OF JMASON CITY Per s'ear Oy carrier . 510.00 Per week by carrier..* 20 Fer year by mail S 6.00 By mail 6 months. .53.23 By mail 3 monins. .51.75 By mail 1 montn.. .* .60 OUTSIDE 100 9IILE ZONE Per yr. 510.00 6 months S5.50 a monUis S3.00 1 month St.OO It's Away From the American Tradition AN INTERESTING commentary on--and per** haps the one most fundamental argument against--extended tenure in the white house was recently presented by the St. Louis Globe-Democrat in the form of a review of judicial appointments made by President Roosevelt. Figures obtained from the department of justice reveal that nearly two-thirds of approximately 300 judges of the federal courts, ranging from the supreme court downwards, have been appointed by Mr. Roosevelt. To be exact, the number of Roosevelt appointments is 184 out of a total of 294 federal jurists. This means that only 110 judges appointed by all other presidents remain on the federal bench. The following tabulation was presented by the Globe-Democrat to make graphic the number of Roosevelt appointments: Tolal Hoosevelt Courts Judges Appointments Supreme 9 E Appellate 55 38 District 185 102 Territorial 26 25 Special 19- 11 Totals 294 184 In fairness, the Globe-Democrat pointed out that in some instances, the judges were members of the federal system before Mr. Roosevelt elevated them. The one most notable example, of course, is Harlan F. Stone, long an associate justice of the supreme court prior to his rise to chief justice in 1941. "This extraordinary infiltration of Roosevelt selections into the judiciary system," the St. Louis paper observes, "must obviously have a deep effect upon interpretation of legal questions, not only now but for years to come. With the president, as a matter of course, designating nominees sympathetic fo his ideals and, further, many of the judges being comparatively young, the impact of their views will be felt for decades. "Such a record of judicial appointments has been achieved principally because of Mr. Roosevelt's unprecedented tenure of nine and a half · years. And his third term will not close until 1945; he will name other judges." It would seem to many, therefore, that there were good reasons, above and beyond mere sentiment, for the tradition which had grown up in America against a third term for presidents a reason, incidentally, which applies with added force with reference to fourth and fifth terms. A Break for China AT LONG' LAST China has achieved the status . ** of full sovereignty among nations joined in war against the axis. In Washington recently, Secretary of state Hull met with the Chinese minister and concluded E treaty which abolishes our old extra-territorial rights in China. Simultaneously in London Britain relinquished most o£ its special privileges in China, although kec'ping a transition lease o:j KocgJaujg. America's Bbandc^Eent ol zpxizl rights in China means far jrnre in Chungking than it does in Washington. As long =ii Japan keeps its death- grip on Shanghai, Kor.gi.ccg, zr.-i t'r.z r,th er g rea t Chinese ports, Chip's r.^,t treaties v/iJI be jun good will gestures. V.'r-r. -· -,:*; Li the Pacific has been' won, Crjrj; ^ ^^:, Ly own cities again and must accept th.? res^ir^hjiily c,f policing them. China v.-;il have to etil v/i:h river pirates and regional v.-ar lords. Since the turn of the- century U. S. forces have camped on China's doorstep to protect Yangtze shipping from piracy, to garrison /vmerjcan"'in- teresls, and to discourage a repetition of the Boxer Rebellion. That accounted for the marine garrison in the American Settlement at Shanghai, the gunboat Panay, and foreign customs concessions on the China coast. When an American national ran amuck at Shanghai, we insisted he must be tried by U. S. courts because China's system of courts wos so obviously corrupt At every, vital point, white men encroached upon China s sovereignty. Before the Chiang Kai-Shek nationalist government united China after a fashion, China was weak and the world powers made the most of it Shanghai was a hodge-podge of foreign concessions-British, U. S., French, Japanese, and Italian. China was too sick to complain, so the fore.gners took the cream of the customs and postal revenues while China got the skimmed milk. Now- all this u-ill be changed after the war The white man is pulling out. China flattered that the foreign devils arc pledged to get out will now fight even harder for the united nations In the background of this quick-change looms the smiling countenance of Madam Chiang Kai-Shek. Like Midas of Old J APAN'S status by reason of her conquests of the past year is somewhat like that of King Midas. He had a corner on the world's gold supply but found to his distress that gold cannot be qaten. Japan has a corner on the world's rubber, teak and quinine. But these things, like gold, don't lend themselves to use as a steady stomach diet. The only thing wrong with that tale of the gift of $500,000 in jewels by Lord Beaverbrock to Mrs. Harry Hopkins seems to be that it isn't true. * * * Suppose your next meal was buried under a coat of snow and ice? Well, that isn't hypothetical so far as the birds are concerned. ' * * * There was nothing really terrible about ''Terrible Toughy" when once he met an adversary who had him at a disadvantage. * :^ * The president's promise of greatly increased help lor China is one that this country ought to keep in full measure. * * Harold Stassen is another republican who refuses to go on believing that the world is flat. * * * Another theory is that the president wanted to get Ed Flynn as far away as possible. * * * Maybe not a cancer, but il duce must have at least a very severe headache. * ^ f; It's most confusing--two Flyuns in (he news at the same time. s * * Berlin Bombed! Ah, such pleasant words! * * 4 Mighty lies from little rumors grow. PROS and CONS Some Interesting Viewpoints Gleaned From Our Exchanges The Hun Defined ^ Grinnell Herald-Register: We came upon the translation of a Dutch poem the other day and think it is worth repeating. It reads as follows: "When the Hun is poor and down, he's the humblest man in town; but once he climbs and holds the rod, he smites his fellowmen--and God." That poem was written 350 years ago by Jacob Cats, Dutch poet and humorist, but it is just as true today, when applied to the apostles of the new order, as it was then. Apparently the basic principles of the German character are the same all through the centuries. Irritations? What Irritations? Muscatine Journal: There is much griping about the hardships which are closing in on the American public. From Washington day after day comes new warning that the hardships we have suffered are as nothing to the hardships ahead. The word chosen seems a bit un-apt. We have been subjected to irritations of course--but hardships? Which ones? How about taking five minutes or an hour this evening and trying to name three wartime irritations you would be willing to argue with a Guadalcanal soldier as constituting "hardship." A Democratic View of Spanfrler Decorah Journal: Efforts to get the 63 year old Iowa lawyer to define precisely what he meant by the new deal were generally unsuccessful. He said he wasn't against social security, but he did oppose "regimentation." When he was asked what he thought of the administration's labor policy, he didn't answer. He said he wasn't an expert on international affairs and he can be taken at his word. Burma's Neighbors Are Pleased Allison Tribune: We are certain that the Iowa house of representatives used good judgment in their selection of a speaker. Congratulations, members of the house. You couldn't have done better. Milady Still Must Diet Albert Lea Tribune: The time might come when Milady will not have to diet--but as yet the squeeze in the rationing program is not sufficiently great to bring about this change. Will We Repeat Our Trasic Mistake? New Hampton Tribune: If tho united nations win the war will we again refuse to join a league ot nations and bring on a third war by the time the babies born today reach maturity? Only 'One Bank Robbery in Iowa Clear Lake Reporter: There was only one bank robbery in Iowa in 1942, and that was in Dss Moines. The loot wos small and the bandit was captured before he was out of sight. Where Education Is Needed Marshalltown Times-Republican: We arc surprised someone hasn't started a school or chain of schools to educate people to understand and interpret government regulations. Corn--in the Field and on the Stage Waterloo Courier: Abbott and Costello are ranked as the top money-making stars of 1942. Well, the price of corn has gone up along with that of other farm commodities. But They'll Co On Raising Food Davenport Democrat: American farmers have been complaining lately at a frightful rate, but they'll jump in and raise food for the world' just the same. Wallace Nominated Sioux Center News: Henry Wallace is a man with courage and ideals--a man who should be one of the United States spokesmen at the peace table. Just Confine Yourself lo Water Reinbcck Courier: Our barber tells us that it is all right to drink like a fish if you drink what the fish drinks. Time to Give Up Luxuries Fairmont Sentinel: It is high time we got ou,. of feather beds and back into straw ticks. Editorial of the Day THE PRESIDENT AT HIS BEST Ward Barnes in Eagle Grove Eagle q-iHE PRESIDENT made his most able public ··· utterances in his recent message to congress He revealed confidence in the ultimate outcome ol the war. He was fair to everybody. He did no bragging, no boasting about when the war would actually end. He quoted facts and figures lo prove that United States industry was doing an almost superhuman job. We produced 48000 planes in 1D42. G70.000 machine guns 21 000 anli-tank guns, ro,00a motorized machines, lO'/i billion rounds ot small ammunition. 181 million rounds of artillery ammunition and put 7 million men in the armed forces. "The arsenal of democracy is making good," he remarked, and admitted that mistakes had been made. Naturally mistakes will be made in so huge an undertaking as fighting, a global war. Yes. the president was temperate, poised and sure of himself. His entire message was bad news for the axis powers from the very start to his conclusion, which was: The state of the nation is good. The heart of the'nation is sound. The spirit of the nation is strong. The faith of the nation is eternal. The united nations can with perfect propriety say that democracy is a success and democracy will prevail after the war is won. f400RAV' BACK S REMEMBER? From Globe-Gazette Files FORTY YEARS AGO H. C. Williams will be host at one of his famous ppossum suppers in the near future. Tho delicacy had been ordered for Monday night but the Chicago dealer played 'possom with the coal men and the feat had to be postponed. Oscar McEldoon left tin's morning for a short visit with friends in New Hampton. THIRTY YEARS AGO "Windy's World Beaters," belter known to the Mason City bowlers as Charles City, defeated the local team by 17D pins in a match contest pulled off last evening at the Y. M. C. A. bowling alley at Charles City. Mason City stuck by the light heroically until the middle o£ the second game. AH seemed to lose their courage with the exception of Mr. Whitney who kept up well to the finish. The boys, when they returned today, admitted they had been beaten fairly and by a team superior to them. Charles City will play a return game with Mason City next Saturday at the K. C. Bowling alleys. TWENTY YEARS AGO Miss Lois Daniels leaves Sunday for Wyoming, where she will take up work with the extension division of the stnte university. Miss Daniels has been employed by the Friesner Fruit company. The local chapter in the National Association of Stationary Engineers will hold a meeting at the Chamber of Commerce this evening, featured by talks by Fred Tims and W. J. Hughes. The speakers will have for their subjects heating, ventilation and combustion. TEN YEARS AGO Miss Ann Whyte, 322 Fourth street northwest, entertained the Trumpette bridge club at her home Tuesday evening. There were two tables and high score prize went to Mrs. Milton Olson. Bill Bartmess, Mason City si'"'-"' -' University of Iowa, has been named one of tho judges in the contest sponsoi'eu uy u.- *^..a Frivol to select a beauty queen. ABOUT BOOKS By John Selby "LET THE PEOPLE KNOW," by Norman Angell (Viking; §2.50). O NE of the shrewdest books about the war that has been written so far is. Sir Norman Angell's "Let the People Know," a January Book-of- the-Month. It is not only shrewd--it is tough and hard-hitting, and fair. Sir Norman is a short Englishman with bright blue eyes and a keen forensic sense. He worked six years as a very young man all over this country, most of the lime as an itinerant farmhand, and he has never lost touch with us since-indeed, he lives on the xipper west side of New York at the moment. So that what he writes has t\vo flavors: The taste of England and the taste of the United States. "Let the People Know" is simply a statement oE the isolationist case, with an answer. H is the only book of its sort I have read which seems absolutely free from the tendency to put an opponent's case in such a way that it can readily be destroyed. No isolationist has ever done a better job of getting his beliefs and doubts on paper --in fact, the job is so good that often the reader xvonders why the author has left himself so little leeway for answer. Nor are the answers "slanted" toward England or for that matter toward anything except the truth as Sir Norman sees it. It is a curiously impartial and very readable job this. All that is possible here is to give a sample of Sir Norman's method. Toward the end of the book he asks: "If there arc risks for American democracy in staying at home, are there not greater risks still in being drawn into every foreign complication?" And he answers in part: "This country has been drawn into 'foreign complications, in most tragic and disastrous fashion precisely because it was not committed. If it had been committed, if Japan and Germany had known from the first that the United States would, in company with Britain and a score of other nations, instantly oppose any aggression, then the aggression would not have been attempted, or, if attempted, could not have got very far. . . . As to mixing in foreign wars, for considerably over a century America has rcpcatcdly plcdgcc. itself to fight in foreign wars. For . the Monroe Doctrine has been proclaimed an essential part of this country's foreign policy." GOOD HEALTH . By Logan Clendening, M. D. MENINGITIS SHOWS INCREASE R EPORTS ARE coming in which indicate that possibly an increase in epidemic meningitis may occur in the United States. The number of reported cases in 1942 is far ahead of those reported in 1941 and nearly twice those of 1940. We also hear that sporadic cases have begun to appear in the army camps. In World war I we never were without meningitis in the army camps. In 1917, when I arrived at the base hospital in San Antonio for duty,. I took over a ward which had 20 cases of epidemic meningitis and during my two years stay there we always had one. ward for these cases and we never had fesver than 3 patients, either active or convalescent, and often we had as many as 40. There are two encouraging features of the possibility oE such an epidemic which should be noted. As a matter of fact, both of them are the result of observations made d u r i n g Dr. Clendenms World war I epidemics. First, the disease, if taken early enough, can be successfully treated. In 1910| 95 per cent of the patients died. From 1917 to 1919, the mortality was less than 5 per cent due to serum properly administered. Since then we now have the sulfonamide drugs, successful adjuncts to serum. The second feature which should be noted and which will save a gveat deal of morbidity is that people can learn to be on the lookout for the disease and detect it in an early stage. Army surgeons should be and are especially alert to the possibility that a soldier who has a fever and who becomes drowsy and mentally stuporous should have a diagnostic spinal fluid test in order to determine whether or not the condition may be meningitis. This covers civilian practice, too. This may seem to be obvious, but it is astonishing how many cases of infectious disease are seen early by physicians and dismissed as being due to "influenza" or a "bad cold" when the condition is actually something very serious. I have seen more cases of typhoid fever this fall than I have seen in the last 20 years and in about one-half of them the physician who was called in first diagnosed the situation as "influenza." Epidemic meningitis is likely to occur whenever human beings mass from different parts o£ the country and there is a wide inter-change of human contacts. It is probably spread by carriers who have become immune to the germs they have in their own nose nnd throat. That is why it is particularly likely to break out in wartime. The germs probably get into the nose, then into the blood, and through the nose, by way of the small openings made by the olfactory nerves, into the coverings of the brain and spinal cord-the mcninges. Here it sets up a pus infection which causes a depression of the nervous system. Diagnosis can be made definitely by removing some spinal fluid from low down in the spine and determining whether there is any pus present and if the pus cells contain the meningococci. IE this diagnostic test is positive, antimeningococcic serum is administered into the spinal canal. Also, as I have indicated above, it is treated by the use of the sullonamide compounds. Low mortality is obtained nowadays, even in fairly advanced cases, by these methods, and when the condition is taKen early enough the danger should, be reduced to a very small minimum. Remarkable Book have just completed a reading of Dean Carl E. Seashore's book recently off the press in which in a most interesting and readable manner he traces the development of psychology at the University of Iowa. Starting about a half century ago as the junior and non-voting partner in the department of philosophy, psychology has grown to large and comprehensive dimensions in the scheme of things on the Hawkeye campus. From the very start psychology and Call E. Seashore have been synonymous. The central theme of the Seashore book hears on how psychology has branched out and made itself vital and useful in many fields not included in the original conception of psychology--music, art, speech, education, medicine, engineering and others. In the practical application ot psychology to the other areas of training and education, there has ever been a vigorous emphasis on laboratory experimentation and scientific technic. The ingenuity exhibited by Doctor Seashore and his associates i:i rigging up laboratory equipment in unexplored fields and with a minimum of financial assistance ' is a story as romantic as anything you'll find in imaginative fiction. Iowa's contribution to music m the measurement of latent capacities--those characteristics which are more developed than created --has brought world fame to the University of Iowa. Among those with even a passing interest in education, this work is known. But the contributions in the other areas revealed by the Seashore book, equally significant, are not thus universally knosvn. That's why the volume had an extraordinary appeal so far as this writer was concerned. Doctor Seashore, now drawn bock into active service as dean of the graduate college after several years of diminished routine, looks back in this volume to an amazing career in science and education. There are no precise gauges for measuring fame. But it's my own view that Carl E. Seashore has brought more genuine renown to the University than any other individual connected with that institution in the entire span, since its founding in 1847. --V-Taxi Ethics MM^ see by the papers that taxi 'ra£^ passengers 'as well as their drivers must watch their ethics under an ordinance just passed by the Walla Walla, Wash., city council. The law forbids drivers lo take Tom.'J'oni ihe Pipers' son SvvapptJ a ride M'itli eKryoncj'i They gof lo irark on time, you bet o swat! S W A P n S!X CS * 5,^'£ TIRCS * fl e c s VE CAKtrlUTf! passengers "the long way," under penalty of a $100 fine. Passengers, on the other hand, cannot refuse payment o£ legal fares. And if a prospective customer who calls for a cab cancels the request after the cab is dispatched, he is charged a fee anyway. . The new taxicab ordinance also limits rates--25 cents for the first half-mile and 10 cents for each half mile thereafter. A passenger must pay 10 cents for keeping a driver waiting three minutes and 10 cents apiece for extra passengers. Cabs from now on will be rationed in Walla Walla--one to every 2,000 inhabitants. g_ I l i e --·· The I DAYS BOUQUE To E. H. "DICK" WAGNER--on the occasion of his being commissioned as a captain in the U. S. army ordnance department, for his 26 years of outstanding community service in Mason City. His organizing ability and leadership played a large part in pushing the Cerro Qordo county war bond drive past the $3,000,000 mark in 1942. His post as chairman of the county war savings staff will not be easily filled. Evidence of his activity may be found in the fact that he has served as head of the following organizations during his 26 years here: The Chamber oE Commerce, the Community Chest, the Lions club, Antioch command- ery of the Knights Templar, and the Y. M. C. A. board of directors--and probably others. DID YOU KNOW? By Frederic J.- Haskin EDITOR'S NOTE: For an answer lo »ny dufislian of fart writ* "Mason Cily GIoTie-tiazelle I n f o r m a t i o n B u r e a u . Frederic J. tUskiit. Director. Washing' ton, D. C.** Ficae send U ceati postal* for repl^i Lantern Light Lyrics By Roy Murray of Buffalo Center REASON FOR DOUBT While Rastus lived He was no saint So when he died Of some complaint, His widow mourned In manner (|u;unt, "Ah hopes he's gone Where Ah 'spccts lie ain'l." What animal squirts Mood from its eyes? L. L. The horned toad of the southwest desert region will squirt a stream of blood from its eyes if it is molested. Why is a rain c o a t called a Mackintosh? K. G. ft is named for Charles Macintosh, who in 1823 produced rainproof garments by sewing a thin sheet of rubber between two of cloth. What is the meaning of the initials MRA? L. P. The MRA or Moral Re-Armament is a movement for peace which was originated in September. 1930, by the Oxford Group. How. tall is Mrs. Franklin D. Roosevelt? · N. P. Mrs. Roosevelt is five feet 10 inches tall. Was General Foch in command r.f American 'troops in the first AVorld war? G. F. On March 27. 191B, the French and British officials met and decided to give the supreme command of all their forces to General Ferdinand Foch. On the 28th General Pershing turned his force of 370,000 American troops over. General Foch then became generalissimo of the allied armies on all fronts. \\ li a t is the largest city in Alaska? S. K. .Tuneau, with a population of 5,729. What is the origin of spitting for luck? M. M. Spitting was a charm against enchantment among the ancient Greeks and Romans. How lonjr docs it take for fond to co from the mouth to the stomach? N. E. The complete course from the mouth to stomach usually requires six seconds. What is .lu^town pottery? I. ,T. This is an American ware made in North Carolina since about 1750 by descendants of a family ot Staffordshire potters which settled there. Arc peanuts considered nutri- tions? D. Y. They are exceptionally high in foorl value, a pound of peonuts containing as much carbohydrates as a pound of potatoes, one-third ns much Tat as a pound of butler, and more proteins than n pound of ."leak. Whr appoints Ihc Archbishop of Canterbury? K. E. He is appointed by ihe king with the assent and counsel of. the assembly of the Church of England. Whereabouts on the U n i t e d States-Canadian border is the brldsrc that is said Jo be the smallest international bridge in thn world? M. O. The bridge joins two little islands of the Thovisand Islands group, one bcins in the United States arid the athcr in Canada. Were there ever auy S3 bills? C. S. No. How long is a wink? D. D. The human eye can winl; in one- fortieth of a second. Are many persons killed by snake biles? O. W. Few die in this country from the bites of poisonous snakes. In India, however, as many as 20,000 persons lose their lives from snake bites in a single year. Is it true that patents are often purchased by companies to prevent their use? B. T. The Temporary National Economic Committee in Monograph No. 31 cited many instances of this kind. What is the largest turkey known? A. H. 220 pounds, 4'/i feet tall. Where was Queen Elizabeth buried? A. Nf Westminster Abbey. What is the significance of the name Pasadena? G. T. Pasadena is the Indian w o r d which means crown ot the valley. Did the natives of Hawaii practice cannibalism? E. A. Cannibalism was unknown in the Hawaiian islands. Why did the fairy select iftass slippers for Cinderella? T. H. In the original story Cinderella had sable slippers, since sable was worn only by royalty. The translator mistook vair. meaning sable for verre, meaning glass. HOW TO BECOME A SUCCESSFUL PUBLIC SPEAKER The ability to do oneself justice as a speaker is not a natural endowment, but one that can be acquired. Our booklet, SUCCESSFUL PUBLIC SPEAKING, summarizes the essentials of public speaking in the light of present day needs and presents them in simple and practical form. The man or woman who can stand lip and speak well attracts enviable attention anywhere Get your copy of this valuable publication which will help you to overcome your shortcomings in the art of speech making. Only ten cents postpaid. --U.sc This Coupon-The Mason City Globe-Gazette Inlormation Bureau, Frederic J. Haskin, Director Washington, D. C. I inclose herewith 10 cents i n com (carefully wrapper! in paper) for a copy of the book- Name Street or Rural Route ........ City State (Mail to Washington, D. C.) ^^S-iVrV^C^l.^^'^^'J'^pW^V^^ _

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