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APRIL 2 1931 MASON CITY GLOlJE-GAZETTli Olttg A Lee Syndicate Newspaper Issued Every Week Day by tho MASON CITY GLOBE-GAZETTE COMPANY 121-123 East State" St. Telephone No. 3800 WILL F. JIUSE.... _ Editor W. EARL HALL ,, ; .Managing Editor LEE P. LbOiltS Business Manager MEMBER OF THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Tha Associated Press is exclusively entitled to the tise for publication of all news dispatches credited to it or not otherwise credited in this paper, and also all local news published herein. SUBSCRIPTION BATES Dally, per year ?7.00 Daily, per week -15 Outside of Mason City and Clear Lake Daily, per year by carrier $7.00 Daily, per week by carrier... -15 Daily, per year by mail Â· Â· *-Â°0 6 months, 52.25; 3 months, 51-25; 1 month........ .50 Outside 100 mile zone, dailv, per year 6.00 6 months ?3.25 3 months 1.75 Entered at tha Postofflce at Mason City, Iowa, as Second Class Matter The language ol truth is simple. --SENECA KNUTEROCKNE LIVES ON T HE place Knute Rockne held in the heart of America is eloquently attested to by the moving tributes to him which have developed spontaneously on all hands since hia tragic death in a Kansas airplane crash Tuesday. Mr. Rockne was the outstanding character developed by football since the beginning of the American game. His influence was as marked in the development of high ideals of sportsmanship in America's young manhood as it was in the development of football itself. Not long ago the Globe-Gazette had occasion to refer to the deathbed entreaty of George Gipp, whom Mr. Rockne regarded as the greatest football player of all time. "Some day when the odds are all against us," Gipp asked Mr. Roctae, "will you have your boys go in and win--for me?" Such an occasion arose in 1928 when Notre Dame came from behind and defeated the Army. Eleven wearers of the Irish colors on that day fought their hearts out for the great "Gipper." George Gipp is a living part of the Notre Dame tradition. Knute Rockne will be even more so. The spirit and the genius of the mighty coach will continue down thru the years to motivate Notre Dame teams. But his benificent influence will not end there. The cause of clean atnletics the world over has been and will continue to be advanced by the standards of sportsmanship exemplified in the life of Knute Rockne. BUYING CLOTHES selects a blue neclitle for the same reason 'ne'orders a chocolate soda. It is the first thing that cornea into hia mind. He usually walks away with the second hat the salesman shows him, and he can easily be argued into buying a pair of shoes that do not fit, and that he doesn't really want. But does a woman ever act like that? Well, just ask the girl at the soda fountain, or the young man in the gent's furnishing store about their women customers. Women pick out things for their men folk with taste and discrimination; that is, everything except cigars. No woman baa any business to buy cigars for any man, unless he has first specified the brand. But in the clothing line the women know what they are doing. It would surprise you to know how many women in Mason City make the purchases for their husbands and grown sons. It bespeaks a pride that all concerned justly may be thankful for, and there is nothing in It to make the man ashamed. He will be better dressed for it. THE IDLE WORD . Â»TÂ»HE idle word that stings is as old as human speech. 1 Spoken thotlessly or spoken in a moment of irritation, it says more than the speaker meant.'At least it says more than he would have said If he bad taken second thot. Too often In a hasty moment one who would not deliberately cause lasting hurt does just tha;. because he reaches for the first remark that will register. These idle words go deep, deep into the heart and memory of tha one to whom they are addressed. There Is no way of reaching this harm "by laws and courts. There !s no wny of resolving that one will never aay the thing' that causes needless hurt, except by resolving to build up a habit In one's life of say- Ing only kindly things until quiet reflection has shown the need of something else. This is not a text for weaklings, u counsel of meekness to the point of being trodden upon. It was not a weak man who prayed, "Set a watch before the dojr of my lips," nor a fool who wrote, "She openeth her mouth with wisdom, and In her tongue is the law of kindness." ^ Â· ^ A "BLUNDERBUSS" INVESTIGATION US view of the so-called University of Iowa investigation is contained in a letter received by the Globe-Gazette from one of Iowa's best known attorneys: "The trouble with this thing is that, so far a* I have been able to see, It is a blunderbuss affair, shoot- inp at everything and hitting ten innocent men to one culprit, and breaking ten stain'J-glass winder, s for every destructive sparrow. "I may be mistaken but I have read column after column of testimony and so far'as I L...C been able to discover, the only real object attained thus far is to put a black smudge on a great institution which, despite minor faults, has blazened a record of glorious accomplishment, of which every lowan should be tremendously proud." Incidentally thia is the viewpoint of one who, so far as is possible in Iowa today, possesses a detached vl-wpcint. It is presented only because it seems to set to words the thing that is in the minds of hundreds of of lowans these days. J. THE PRIMARY HAS FAILED txrHILB Al Smith's characterization of the direct " primary as a "farce" may be putting it a little too harshly, it must be apparent to everybody Â· that the reform measure which was expected to accomplish so much in the days of Us inception has fallen woefully short of expectation. Instead of being a "democratic" institution, it has the effect of setting office-holding apart for those who have money or its equivalent to put into a campaign. In Pennsylvania and Illinois it was money in large amounts; In Iowa to a considerable extent it has been organization support as definitely assessable as dollars and cents. The primary is in need of reform.' No fair-minded person can doubt that. We have no observation to make beyond that. Except possibly to say that this reform will not take the form of a return to the caucus and convention system as it was used and abused in the pre-primary day. OTHER EDITORS PENNY WISE AND POUND FOOLISH Minneapolis Tribune: There is such a thing as being penny wise and pound foolish. It is again demonstrated by the attitude in the state legislature against a small increase in the appropriation to maintain the county agent service in Minnesota and expand It on a moderate and reasonable basis. It is most doubtful whether the legislative flair for economy in this field will receive any considerable acclaim in those counties where county agent service is installed and is proving, steadily and beyond question, its practical worth, not only to those whom it serves directly, but to every interest in Minnesota which In any way is dependent upon farm revenues. It is well understood by everyone who has scanned current requests for appropriations before the legislature that it faces a difficult task in reconciling tax revenue available to figures consistent with the ability of the taxpayer to pay. Tax economy is necessary, but niggardliness in financing a public service, that is not only paying its way but returning substantial dividends is mistaken public policy. It is not hard to visualize what agricultural conditions would be like in Minnesota today if this state had had no county agent service in the past decade. A more practical or economical force has never been invoked in Minnesota for the dissemination of agricultural education. The county agent system, is the force which ,has built up the state's fine dairy herds, scientifically balanced its farming- program, organized its 4-H club work, increased contentment and prosperity in both rural and urban areas, bolstered the ability to pay taxes, and raised rural living standards. The state's investment in it is relatively small. Its dividends have been tremendous and so well recognized that in many communities farmers themselves have matched dollars with the state to maintain it. This may be the time to forego the luxuries of political life, but it most certainly is not the time to cut dividend-paying investments. EGGS AND ORANGES Wallace's Farmer: There is a surplus of eggs this year. There is also a surplus of oranges. In each business, the ijroblem is to get that surplus worked off as fast as possible. How is each group going at it? The California Fruit Growers' Exchange, the cooperative that handles the bulk of the California crop, is spending $500,000 to call the attention of the public to low prices of oranges and to the dietetic value of the fruit. Graded oranges, attractively displayed, are on sale everywhere. , -The. orange surplus seems to'be shrinking. - There is'a different picture in the egg business. No great co-operative is handling affairs there. Prices are low, the food value of eggs is great, but consumption is not increasing as it should. Why? The consumer is not sure of getting what he wants. We have no satisfactory system of selling eggs on grade. We have no co-operative machinery for pushing the sale of this product. The citrus fruit people, like the rest of us, are up against the menace of overproduction. Thousands of acres of orange and grapefruit groves are coming into bearing each year. Reckless planting may swamp the producers yet. So far, however, they are -managing to get along belter than some other farm groups/Grading strictly enough so that the consumer is sure of a quality product is one device. Advertising to the consumer is another. Co-operative control of the marketing process has helped to meet a crisis. Grading on a quality basis helps any product. That's one lesson of the present situation. A co-operative marketing organization strong enough to reflect prices for quality back to the producer and to see that the consumer wants and gets a quality product can do wonders even in a hard year. That's the other lesson. PURELY PERSONAL Marshalltoiyn Times-Republican: Indications are that the hearing will not be concluded for several weeks. In the meantime the legislative committee is piling up a huge expense bill because of a row that appears, from the testimony so far presented, to be an effort, to grind some personal axes. CAN'T BE COKED ARTIFICIALLY Keiraima (111.) Slur-Courier: Grain and commodity markets, like 80 per cent of our illnesses, will correct themselves without doctoring. Now our senators are jumping into the breach with their panaceas and export debenture fees, ready to trade poor politics for bad economics. NILES WILL BE MISSED New Hampton Tribune: This section of the state keenly regrets that Clifford Niles has not been re- ap'pointed to the state highway commission. He has served Iowa well and capably, and his judgment and experience would have fitted him for even greater service, had he been reappointed. A CONTRAST Glcnvlllc News: The man described in the "Bye Observing" column of the Mason City Globe-Gazette (the businessman who is buying dog licenses for needy boys and girls) presents quite a contrast to the "dog- poisoner" of Glenville. Copyrighted 1031 ly EDGAIt A. GUEST THE BURDEN-BEARERS They do not live in vain who keep Close watches where the children sleep, And give the stitches which repair The littla garments children wear. Not vain those lives which seem to stay On guard where happy children play And never venture far for fear There'll come a cry they may not hear. Tho dull at times the tasks appear, And weariness Is ever near, There is a dream such mothers hold Surpassing worldly fame or gold. Beyond their dreary tasks they see The man or woman soon to be, And all the endless steps they take Are suffered for the children's sake. Nor would they say they'd live in vain, Enduring weafÂ»nes3 and pain, If at the end their children rise Great-hearted, gentle, true and wise. DIP YOU KNOW? Illustrated Question Box ~~~- ~~~ By R. J. SCOTT" BABIES WITH EVES AMD HAIR. ARE HOT UNCOMMON w CHINA. MUSCLE RECORD is "HELD BY THE ELEPHANT" IN 1-rs TRUNK ALOHE. \T HAS -4O/OOO. 'Copyright, 1931, by Central press ^ HAlRS-BREAtrfri WAS ArT OHJc. TTME. AM AC-fUAL MEASURE.--THE. WltTTH OT= ' SDCIEEN HA1R.S LAID SIDE BV .SIDE. DIET and HEALTH By LOGAN' CLENDKNING, M. D. Author of "THE HUMAN BODY" Dr. ClcntJcnJng cannot diagnose or give personal answers to letters from readers. When questions are of General Interest, however, they will be takn up, in order, in the dnlly column. Address your queries to Dr. Ixjgan C tenderling, care at The Globe-Gazelle. Write legibly and not more than 200 words. TRICHINIASIS IS NOT UNCOMMON TRICHINIASIS is a disease which used to be quite 1 common when meat was cured on the farm or by the local butcher. It is caused by a tiny worm which infests some kinds of meat, mostly pork. The worms escape from the intestinal canal after the meat is consumed and lodge in the muscles. When meat packing was concentrated and scientific rules for the selection and preservation of meat adopted, the disease greatly decreased in thia country. In Germany, where raw pork is made into wursts, etc., on farms or domestically, it still appears sporadically. And lately there are indications that it is far more frequent in the United States than has been suspected. There was a report in 1929 of 43 cases in an epidemic in New York. A well-known practitioner says, nr caeudenlue' .^^Wa'asls In this country is far Dr. dendentas from being a rar( , diseasf / t u Beema n Â°t to have established itself inWim TM- j e 1., ~" M Â·Â·Â»Â«Â». *.Â« unvc tjamuusnea, useit rt?Â«Â» t , / e avera e practicioner as one of the diseases to be thot of and watched for." ^^"r iD3tance came to my attention a year or two ago of a.man and his wife, who went to visit relatives ^ nS *h v, i nstmas h , olida y s - When they returned home they both came doW with a mysterious malady the most prominent symptom being swelling of eyelids. Their doctor had several consultants in before the diagnosis was established--of trichiniasis. These people were in good financial circumstances, and their food was of the best class. They were city dwellers, and when in the city ate meat whlcli came thru regular channels, subject to federal inspection and supervision. It would be unusual to suspect gross food infection as a cause of their symptoms. But the relatives they visited lived in a suburban community and must have obtained some pork or ham which was not thoroiy cooked. Curing or smoking hams alone does not necessarily kill the trichina. Swelling of the face, and especially the eyelids is a common symptom. Many of the patients are first seen by the oculist on account of the eye symptoms and there is a report before me of three cases diag-- nosed by an oculist. One of. these patients had been to two other physicians, one of whom made a diagnosis of protein sensitization and one of chronic nasal sinus infection, treated by the Alpine lamp. The diagnosis is admittedly difficult unless the doctor gets into the habit of thinking of the possibility of the disease. Most victims recover, but death is not uncommon. Â· Â· Â· QUESTIONS PROM READERS jyr . "What are a few poisons which will kill without IVi.. fail within a few minutes or a few hours? Which are in liquid form and which are not? la there any cure for the person taking these poisons by mis- LEIKC ; Answer: If a poison will "kill without fail" there is no cure for the person taking it by mistake. Editor 1 * Note: six pumphlela by Dr. Clenaentns can now be obtained by sending 10 cents In coin for each and a self- addressed, stamped envelope, to Dr. Logan clendenlng, In care of this paper, or Central Press Association, U35 East Twelfth street. Cleveland, Ohio. The pamphlets are: "Indigestion and Consllpatlort." "Reducing ami Gaining," "Infant Fecdlnc." Inalruclfon.l for the Treatment of Dlabctcn," "Feminine Hygiene" and "The Care of the Hair and Skin." YOLTRE THE JUDGE O NE MR. BROSS, man about town, had plenty of friends, but they kept him busy asking favors when they got into difficulties. Just now one of his friends had gotten into some difficulties with the police and soon found himself under arrest. He at once notified his friend Bross, and particularly asked that Bross get him out. Bross went to a neighbor, Jackson, and asked him to go ball for his incarcerated friend and that he, Brosa, would see to it that Jackson lost nothing by it, and right then and there he gave Jackson a sufficient consideration for the favor he was seeking. Jackson went to the police station, gave the bail, and Bross' young friend was out. But when the trial was called the young friend failed to appear and the bail was forfeited. Jackson Immediately looked up his neighbor Bross and asked him to reimburse him. But here Bross did a very unneighborly thing. He answered that any agreement such as Jackson referred to should have been in writing, and since it was not, Jackson bad no basis for action. How would you decide this cose? Make up your mind before you read the decision. The decision: The court held for Jackson. The Judges rcanoned thus: If Bross had. promised to ply to Jackson a debt that the nr- rented man hud contracted, then Bross would be right In what he asserts. But here Hie debt was contracted hy Bross himself, and a promise to pay one's, own debt need not be la writing. EARLIER DAYS Belns a Ilally C'nmnltaltmi o Inlercsllnj: Fuels from tho "Twcnly Yenra Ago" Files o( tbo Globe-G QIC tic. Ai-uir. 2, inn The Damon-Igou force is a little off weather today and several departments are feeling quite keenly the loss of their backbone. Miss Cora Stamp has deserted for the time her counter of embroideries, Miss Laura Abendroth has someone else fixing up her silks and the customers are waiting for Lester Deyo to put id his appearance on the delivery wagon and incidentally one of the members of the firm, J. E. Igou, forgot to ring this morning. Master Harry Joseph, the small son of Mr. and Mrs. A. Joseph of this city, has gone to Albert Lea to visit his grandparents, Mr. and Mrs. Hirsch, during his spring vacation and where, incidentally, he will learn the fur and hide trade from his Uncle Hirsch. Mrs. W. C. Kellar and daughter, Miss Esther, leave Thursday of this week for a several days' visit with Mrs. Kellar's parents, Mr. and Mrs. D. L. Brainards, Kendale, Wis. President Patton of Memorial university left the latter part of the week for the east where he is working in the interests of the school. Roy Fellows, who is recovering from an attack of appendicitis and an operation, while lifting on a can of milk last week injured himself and is not so well as he was. He is, however, looking after his business. He lives on a farm two miles east of tho city. Supreme Secretary E. L. Balz of the M. B. A. offices here left this morning for Minneapolis where this evening he will attend the banquet of the lodge at the Radisson hotel. There will be places for 400 guests. Mr. Balz will talk on the figures of the society and there will also lie several other addresses and toasts. Supreme President Thomas Hanlcy of DBS Moincs will also bo at the banquet. Miss Donna Bell Elder left yesterday for Thornton where she is drilling for a declamatory contest. A week from Friday the Meservey, Swaledale and Thornton schools meet for a tri-schaol contest. A hotel that will cost $16,000, 40 cottages for the families, tennis grounds, a bathhouse and some of the equipment for a gymnasium is the plan of the Colby Motor company at the new plant south of the city. The hotel will be for the accomodation of the single men and the homes will be for the married men. The tennis grounds, the bathhouse with its equipment of reading room and /gymnasium is part of the scheme. It is the plan of the company to lay out the grounds as soon as possible and to do some landscape gardening that will 1 beautify the place. The hoard of trustees of the Iowa Odd Fellows home are here for the regular session. It is composed of Mesdames Kelley, Parquist and Striker and Messrs. Ring, White and Adar. Mr. Crossley is the local member. They will be in the city for a few days. W. B: Brice is home from a' few days in Tama and Des Moineti. The Baptist young people will meet this evening at the home of Mrs. A. B. Hunking on Superior street for a business meeting. This will be followed by a social hour. Mrs. Bert Quackenbush is visiting friends in St. Ansgar. Frank Hanlon left yesterday for a several days' business trip in DCS Moines. Miss Kate Davey is the first woman in the land to own a Colby car. She looked over the offerings of other factories but decided to adopt the motto of buying home made goods because they are the best. She is the proud possessor of one of the handsomest cars the Colby Auto company has turned out and when the weather puts the roatls in proper condition she Will take the initial lesson in the art of chauffeurship. Dean Glanville purchased a Colby touring car Sat- urdpy which he expects to afford him some pleasure during the season. The contract for the erection of the new building to be known as the Old Folks home is to be let the last of this month according to the advisory board which was here yestercay and today. It was reported this building had been let to Contractor C. E. Atkinson, but this is not true, according to the board. The following candidates at the recent election filed expense reports yesterday: W. H. Peedan, 5122.75; C. H. Barber, $17.20; F. A. Kirschman, $62.35; Sam Randall, 59.75. Fellowship of Prayer A Daily Lenten Feature Presented in Co- Operation With the Federal Council of the Churches of Christ in America THE FAREWELL SUPPER (Read Luke 22:14-20. Text, 1-nke 22:15). And He said unto them. With desire I have desired to ent thin pussover with you before I suffer. A PPARENTLY our Lord's wish to have the pnssover Â·rt. supper a farewell was in order that He might institute the ceremonial of remembrance. By simple and solemn rites the disciples, and all who were to come after them, would pledge again and again their loyalty to their Lord, and to one another. So they would be bound to Him, and bound together, until He cornea. Prayer: Almighty God, unto Whom all hearts are open, all desires known, and from Whom no secrets are hid: cleanse the thots of our hearts by the Inspiration of Thy Holy Spirit, that we may perfectly love Thee, and worthily magnify Thy holy name. Thru Christ our Lord. Amen. Gregorian Sacramentary ^'--Frederic J. Ha s k i n Q. Is there any way that a farm wifh R first mortgage may be sold, so that In cose the buyo fails to pay for it, the mortgage will not come back to the first party? That is, A sells n farm to B, with a mortgage against It of Â§4,000. B agrees to utkc over tho mortgage. If 1J falls to pay for it In time, will it fall back 011 A? G. C. 1^ A. Unless there Is a clause in the contract made by A and B, A would not have to pay for the mortgage if B defaulted on his payments. The person who holds the mortgage can foreclose on B and collect his money in that way. Q. Mas tho drono bee a mother and father? E. K. B. A. The queen bee lays both fertilized and unfertilized eggs. Tho unfertilized eggs hatch into drones. Hence drones may be said to have no father or It may be said that the queen bee is both the father and the mother. Q. Does all fruit ripen a certain length of time after tho trees blossom? o. A. A. There is no co-ordination between the season of blossoming and ripening of fruits. Some that blossom early may ripen late; others that blossom late may ripen early. Q. In what wny is tho American Red Crosfi connected with the government? C. \V. I. A. The American Red Cross is chartered by congress. Its accounts are audited by the officials of the.U. S. treasury and the president of the U. S. is the honorary president of the Red Cross. Apart from this it is a self-governing organization. J. Is it sanitary to make coffee with water from the hot water tan? B. F. A. The bureau of chemistry says that water from the hot water tap may bo used for cooking purposes without fear of its being unsanitary. .Q. How nro the 7000 years of. the earth's existence to bo divided according to (ho Epistle of Barnabas ? W. B. A. According to this epistle, the life of the earth will be divided: 2000 years between the creation and the fall, and the declaration of the promise of redemption thru the prophets; 2000 from the prophetic era to the era of redemption or Christian era; 2000 of the Christian and preparatory era to the beginning of the millennium of 1000 years of rest; after which will come the final judgment and the destruction or reorganization at the present earth. J. How ninny nutos were In uso in TJ. S. lost year? L. P. A. They totaled 26,718,000. Of these 23,200,000 were motor cars and 3,518,000 motor trucks. Motor buses totaled 95,000. Q. What Is tho District of Columbia pay roil? W. W. A. Estimated at 5106,000,000. Q. Upon what dnto was Nathan Hnle executed? B. C. A. On tho morning of Sept. 22. 177S. }. How many registers has tho singing voice? I/. W. G. A. Three, the lower or chest register, the higlier or head register and the small or falsetto register. In singing, the voice, changes in volume and in quality in passing from one register into another. Q. Is honey a healthful food? E. B. A. Yes. It contains both vitamins and mineral substances. ynur Inquiry 1 tho Glnbc-(inzcUe Information hurriui, Frederic J". llaskln, ni- rrcrur, V'nÂ«ihlnRton, I). (:., nnd Inclonn 2 wntii in coin or ntiirnps lor rctam postage. THE EDITOR'S MAIL BAG DEFENDS ASSESSOR B1LT, DES MOINES, March 31.--Tho county assessor bill is not dead as yet. The no consideration rule after motion to lay on table has carried, does not apply to a bill from conference and with the bill as amendment to income tax bill it is going 1 to conference. The Iowa Association of Heal Estate Boards in its checking of assessments Is finding some startling inequalities. These do not apply to the larger cities but to the small marketing towns as well. Last week we checked, southern Iowa and in county seat towns outside of Ottumwa and Oskaloosa, we found properties assessed at from (T[im to THRO I I . Column 2). BO-BROADWAY N EW YORK, April 2.--When life begins to pall and the world seems more like a cabbage leaf than a rose petal, I sit down and read crime statistics. Wading thru a wad of them tlm other day I learned that with an annual crime bill of more thnu eighteen thousand million (18,000,000,000)--call It eighteen billion if you have a mind to--dollars a ynar, the average family pays 5135 annually as its own special crime tax. In New York city alone it is estimated that between $200,000,000 and 5600,000,000 a year is levied in tribute by racketeers from almost every business. The racketeer bill for the rest of the country is figured conservatively at ?13,000,000000. And this, despite the fact that our 10,000,000 federal, state and local laws ind ordinances are being augmented at the rate of 100,000 annually. Our present total of statutes exceeds the combined laws of five great European nations. Which would seem to bear out ^y JOSEPH VA.S HAAI.TE the contention that "The country Is best governed that is least governed." * 4: r W HEN--Everybody agrees that something ought to be done about racketeering, but nobody knows just what. Gordon L. Hosteller, executivei director of the Employers' association of Chicago, thinks racketeer- Ing will be upset: When business ceases to play politics. When business ceases to pay tribute rather than fight for its rights. When business recognizes tho lo,wful right to existence of an honest competitor. When Labor purges itself of "crime leeches." When the public insists on lion- esty and competency in public office. . . . Until all that comes to pass, however, it might be just as well to look twice before signing on tha dotted line, and to turn the strawberry box upside down before purchasing. Who's Who and Timely Views LIBERAL SPIRIT REGARDED AS NECESSARY Ily WA1.TKK I.II'1'MAN tidlttir and A u t h o r (Walter T.Ippmun wn.l liorn In New York City. Sept. 23, 1880. He In a. Krndualo nr Jfaryar.l. He was formerly associate Editor of the New lie-public, and more recently clilcf editorial writer of the New York Worm until Itial newRpuncr ceased iniMlcatlon lie l.t tn bo n f f l l l n l c d wllh tlie New York Hemld-Trllmne. Jn I01T ho wna assistant to the secretary of war for several montlis. During the World war he v/aa n cniUnln n the U. S. military Intelligence service. He la the author of a dozen books on lioll- llcs, pnllcjgopny, etc.) T THINK that the complicated world we live in cannot be brot under civilized control without the gifts of the liberal spirit. The great concern of the l i b e r a l spirit rests at last upon the conviction that at almost any cost men must keep open the channels of understanding and preserve unclouded, lucid and serene their receptiveness of truth. It is vain to suppose that our problems can be dealt with by rallying to people to some crusade that can be expressed in a symbol, a phrase, a set of principles, or a program. If that is what the progressives are looking for today they will look in vain. For the objectives to which a nation like this could be aroused in something like unanimity are limited to war or to some kind of futile or destructive fanaticism. Our objectives in time of external peace and of internal sanity are beyond the power of any man or faction or party to formulate or leclare. They are too many-sided. They have to be discovered by con- TVaJtcrLlppman tinual free discussion. They have to be accepted with at least a modicum of good will. They have to bo proved by experiment rather than imposed by authority. They cannot be deducted from a formula and imposed by legislative fiat. The material of journalism has grown so complicated in two decades that the only principle of interpretation is' to assume that the f u t u r e can surprise us as the past has done. This perhaps is the testament of liberalism. For underlying all the specific projects which men espouse who think of themselves as liberals there is always, it seems to me, a deeper concern. It is fixed upon the importance of remaining free in mind nnd in action before changing circumstances. That is why liberalism has always bee i associated with a passionate Interest in freedom of thot and freedom of speech, with scientific research, with experiment, with the liberty of teaching, with the ideal of nn independent and unbiased press, with the right of men to differ In their opinions and to be different In theJr conduct. That is why it is associated with resistance to tyranny, with criticism of dogma and authority, with hatred of Intolerance and fanatacism, with distrust of suppression and repression, and al! forms of centralized, rigid and alien direction of men'q affairs.