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- I I -J 'Â» A v MO I N E S .!Â·*Â·Â· H I S M E U . - - A R T O F I O W A . S MO I M E S I A North Iowa's DAILY PAPER Edited for the Home "THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES All* NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS" HOME E D I T I O N VOL. XXXVII FIVE CENTS PER COPY ASSOCIATED PRESS LEASED WIRE SERVICE . MASON CITY, IOWA, THURSDAY, APEIL 2, 1931 UNITED PRESS AMP INTERNATIONAL NEWS SUPPLEMENTAL SERVICE NO. 151 SpendingToo Soon Cause Banker Tells What He Believes Led to Slump CAN CONSIDER TAX BILL (Charles P. Stewart, on tour, Interviews Melvin Alvah Traylor, noted mithvestern financier and president of tho First National Bank of Chicago, on Causes of the Economic Depression -- and Remedies, In n. series of two dispatches, the first of which appears today,) By CHARLES, P. STEWART C HICAGO, April 2. (CPA)-- Melvin Alvah Traylor's analysis of the causes he deems largely responsible for the last year and half of economic distress sounded so much ________ like an arraignment of instal- ment b u y i,n g that I asked him S t r a i g h t out w h e t h e r that w a s w h a t h e meant. "On an exceed- i n g l y l a r g e scale," answered the president of t h e midwest's largest bank, the First National of Chicago, with its various aubsidi- OGERS Pcrt*/C* WHERE ROCKNE AND SEVEN OTHERS DIED Relief Officer Estimates Quake Dead at 2,000 600 BODIES ARE FOUND IN RUINS; TREMORS RECUR enor- it -- is Melvin A. Trayor amounts to." "Anticipation of income- mous over-anticipation of what we are paying for now. "It was with the war that the world started spending in excess of its Income. More than 100 billions in credit obligations were floated during the actual fighting. Most of it remains to be paid, creating In itself a condition full of possibilities Inimical to human progress. Â·- * * * '"THE 'insatiable demands of war 1 activities led to an expansion of factory and farm equipment far beyond anything previously dreamed of, and elevated prices beyond what any peace-time requirements could justify or sustain. "The war'a end found peoples im" poverished, .purchasing .power destroyed 'with the war-tims capacity te^i^CTaar'at its. penJr:-;Herewe fciay dismiss'/trio''we cannot'Ignore, the.continuing debt problems and troubles of the remainder of the world: In America, following the difficult'days of 1920 and 1921, another factor entered into the equation--not new in practice, but new in its application to our daily life-(Turn to rÂ»ptc 2. Column 3). HUNfoAUGHTER OF IOWA JUDGE Daughter of Former Judge Lovrien of Spencer Thot Missing. SAN FRANCISCO, April 2. Palo Alto and Berkeley police today were hunting Miss Esther Bell Lovrien, 20, junior student at the University of California, missing since March 27. Miss Lovrien is the daughter of former Judge F. C. Lovrien of Spencer, Iowa. The girl recently left the university because of a nervous breakdown. She was last reported seen on a street by the Rev. M. Derbyshire, pastor of the First Baptist church In Palo Alto where she taught a Sunday school class. Judge Scouts Fears. SPENCER, April 2. ^P)--Former Judge Fred C. Lovrien, father o'. Esther Bell Lovrien, said to be missing in Berkeley, Cal., since March 27, said today he received a telegram from his daughter yesterday. He said she had changed her address recently and that apparently v led to the belief she was missing He said she received her mail at n postofflce box and he did not know her new address. U. S. Surgeons Arrive to Take Charge of Wounded. By WILI.IAM H. EWING. Associated Press Staff Correspondent. Copyright 19S1, by Associated Press M ANAGUA, Nicaragua, April 2. UP)--With 600 bodies recovered from the ruins, Colonel Frederick L. Bradman, U. S. M. C., in charge of the relief work today, estimated the total dead from the earthquake ft 2,000 persons. The excavating of bodies continued thruout the day and more were being taken out hourly. Meanwhile, new shocks recurred. Two tremblors during the night shook down a number of rockety houses. The hardest one appeared about 4 a. m. awakening outdoor sleepers who had scattered to' the outskirts of the city to rest on cots, benches and on the ground. Poke Thru Ruins. At daybreak hundreds of natives who precipitatedly left the city yesterday returned and poked-thru the ruins, salvaging 1 'their personal belongings and household furniture and carrying them by mule, ox-cart, automobile and train into the hills. The marines appeared to have the situation.well . in,^, hand. An abundance of fool and'rn^dlcal.j'sup- plies was arriving." There "Seemed 1 to be enough Surgeons and doctors to care for the injured. Ernest J. Swift, Red Cross official, is expecttd'during the day from Miami in an Amphibian plane and will overtake relief workers who have already started from several points. Surgeons Arrive. Amphibians from the U. S. S. Lexington arrived yesterday and last night, bringing six surgeons and supplies and promising more today. The U. S. S. Rochester, steaming up the west coast from Balboa is ex- Oected tomorrow with a cargo of food supplies. A navy hospital ship will arrive I Corinto today and dispatch loads oE food and medical supplies thru the hills to the stricken city. Virtually all of the injured have been treated thru the heroic work of the marine, army and navy forces who have worked unceasingly since the first shocks Tuesday. Ten minutes after the city fell and while clouds of dust were arising from the debris, American doctors went into the business section and took the dazed, wounded natives in charge. Stream of Wounded. .A steady stream oÂ£ wounded natives was coming in by noon and TÂ«rn to PHCfl 2, Column M. BEVERLY HILLS, Cal., April 2. -- It's very seldom you find any good that comes out of the war, but I was talking to one of California's sanest and most conservative businessmen, Robert C. Gillis. He remarked, "The only investment that has proven sound during all this mess, is the Liberty bond." So the old three minute speaker was telling the truth and didn't know it. But the tough part about it is, everybody lost theirs by having to put 'em up as margins on things that wa's supposed to be sound, during the Coolidge cuckoo days they were considered the lowest form of Investment. Wnen you look back on things now, you wonder why everyone in America escaped the asylum during that time. Yours, ^ lilt, *cN..,H8,r*MÂ«W.JÂ»Â» AUNT NET By Robert Quillen Â· "I don't like my meals served in courses. If you don't know what's comin', you can't tell how much room to save." DEATH ASKED IN BROTHERS CASE Prosecutor Follows Lawyer Who Called Whole Case "Conspiracy." CRIMINAL COURT BUILDING, CHICAGO, April Z. (/P-Tho murder case against I-eo Brothers, charged with tho assassination of tho Tribnno police reporter, Alfred "Jake" Llngle, was placed In the hands of a criminal court jury at 2:24 p. m. today. CRIMINAL COURT BUILDING, CHICAGO, April 2. W)--The jury in the Leo Brothers murder trial was asked by Assistant State's Attorney Waylan'd Brooks today to send the defendant to the electric chair for the assassination of Alfred "Jake" I,ingle, Chicago Tribune police reporter. Attorney Louis Plquett, pleading with a jury to set Brothers free on the charge of murdering Alfred Lingle, charged that the arrest of the young St. Louisan was tho result of a "great conspiracy." Piquett described a "big spider web" that he said was formed after the killing of the Chicago Tribune reporter. "But this spider didn't wait a week or a month. It waited 10 months, picked out this young man ind then closed around him," thundered the defense lawyer. Plquett .closed by thanking Judge Joseph Sabath for his fairness in conducting the trial. BODY OF ROCKNE ISBROT'UOME" TO NOTRE DAME Great Nordic Chieftain okFootball Near: : Trail's End. By PAUL. M1CKELSON S OUTH BEND, Irid., April 2. UP)-Knute Rockne was back "home" today. His odyssey on earth was near trail's end. All that was mortal of the man, who blazed such a brilliant path of human achievement in his life span of 43 years, rested peacefully in a closed bronze, flower-blanketed casket in a modest funeral home not far from the campus of Notre Dame. The great Nordic chieftain of American football and good sportsmanship, who but four days ago left South Bend and Notre Dame with a broad smile on his face, was back "home" with the boys he loved so well and with those who loved him and who will cherish his memory forever. In Zenith of Glory. But instead of joy, he brot despair. He was dead. So were the hearts of the thousands who found it hard to believe that their "Rock" could pass on tragically at the very zenith of his glory--of Notre Dame's glory. Never again were his friends to look upon his face. The crash of the airplane, which took his life in Kansas, denied even that. Those in charge of the body viewed it and decided that it would Senate Puts Approval on Money Bill DBS MOINES, April 2. T--The senate today passed the biennial appropriations bill, the action being a formality since the senate had approved of the bill, section by section. The vote today was unanimous. In. its final form, the bill appropriates $15,563,163.05 annually. This is a reduction of $72D,141 from the original askings. It is $123,991.74 less than the'total appropriated last year. The reductions made by the senate included: Board of education, 5508,281; board of control, $109,250, and state departments, 5111,610. The house appropriations bill is still in the hands of the committee. TINLEY ATTACKS WAY IN WHICH U PROBE IS MADE Baird Claims He Was Ignored in Making of Plans. -- Central Press Photo. Scones of wreckage of the Transcontinental and Western Air Transport pltine which crashed near Bazaar, Kans., killing Knute Rockne, famous Notre Dame coach and seven other men. be best to keep the casket Healed except to give his widow a glimpse of the man. But It was doubtful whether Mrs: Rockne would care to see "Rock" again under the circumstances of mutilation and death. She, like all of Rock's boys, wanted to remember him as he was when last she saw him--beaming, joking and laughing. Guards Escort Body. Escorted by guards of honor, the body of the famous Notre Dame football coach was returned to South Bend last night. But how dif- (Tiirn io FflKft ~i Column 4). Bad Weather Thot to Have Led to Crash Jury Fails to Decide Cause; Fokker to Inspect Plane COTTONWOOD FALLS, Kans., April 2. UP)--A coroner's jury having failed to determine the cause of an airplane crash which sent Knute Rockne and seven others to their deaths, interest turned Â· today toward an inspection by Anthony Fokker, designer of the craft. Flying here from Los Angeles, Fokker expressed the belief "the night should not have been undertaken in existing- weather conditions" and that adverse flying conditions rather and than the human element a structural failure were responsible. He said, however, he would withhold a definite statement until .he had -viewed the wreckage of transcontinental , and westerr. Markets at a Glance NEW YOKK Stocks--Heavy; TJ. P Steel rises after touching year's low. Bonds--Steady; rails and foreign issues improve. Curb--Heavy; rally checks a'e- cline. Butter--Steady. Foreign Exchanges -- Irregular; Sterling firm. - Cotton--Easy; local seeing. Sugar--Steady; local covering. Coffee--Easy; European selling. CHICAGO Wheat--Barely steady; bearish crop and weather reports. Corn--Barely steady; l o w e r southwest markets. Ca ttl e--Irregu 1 ar. Hogs--Firm to higher. . the , air express liner and talked with witnesses. Cause Undetermined. The short verdict "the deceased came to their deaths in an airplane fall, cause undetermined," closed the state's investigation after cowboys, who were the first to reach the scene, and aviation experts had testified, Guards patroled the forlorn scene of the mishap, near Bazaar, Kans., while authorities sought to substantiate reports H. J. Christen, Chicago, one of the victims, had cashed a ?55,000 check shortly before he boarded the ill-fated liner. No such sum was found by authorities at the scene. From Chicago came word that Murray Miller, . Cnristen's attorney, doubted Christen had the money on (Tnm to Page 2. Column 1). Boy Determined to Fly in Spite of Kins' Fate LOS ANGELES, April 2. (/!-James H. Adams, 10, Is determined to be an aviator despite the fact airplane accidents have claimed the lives of his mother, his stepfathei and his uncle. The latter was Robert Fry, one of the pilot.'! on tho air liner which crashed at Bazaar, Kans CONVICTS ADMIT STARTING BLAZE Take Full Responsibility for Ohio Prison Fire That Took 320 Lives. COLUMBUS, Ohio, April 2. UP)-Sole responsibility for the fire that took the lives of 320 prisoners at Ohio penitentiary last April 21 rested today on the shoulders oÂ£ two men. Solution of the plot that caused one of the greatest prison disasters in history came yesterday when Franklin county Prosecutor Donald J. Hoskins announced that Clinton Grate and Hugh Gibson, convicts, had confessed setting the fire with a view to delaying Warden Preston B. Thomas" construction program and because they objected to aiding :i the building of a new cell block .o house fellow prisoners. Convicted Robbers. Gibson, formerly of Philadelphia, was sentenced from Cleveland Grate, whose home is In Virginia was admitted from Dayton, Ohio Both men were convicted robbers and bad served nine years of their terms. The confessions were announcec after an investigation by the Franklin county grand jury was conclude yesterday. The jury was called in session today to decide what ac tion to 'take. Under the law, they may be indicted for first degree murder and put to death In the elec trie chair if convicted. Planned No Escape. Grate and Gibson denied the; planned the fire with a view to es caping during the ensuing confu sion. The confessions said the fire was set with a lighted candle which was placed in a wooden form used in building the new I and K blocks Oil was poured over wood and th flames spread quickly to the old and H blocks. The confessions re later! that the candles came from the prison chapel and were supplle by ptber prisoners who knew noth ing of the plot. They included Jame Raymond who hanged himsel while in solitary confinement dur ing the mutiny that turned the pri son Into an armed camp after th disaster. Police Chase Man Who Got Sheriffs Car Bullet in Rear Tire Slows Up Stolen Automobile A sheriff's automobile stolen from near the county jail Wednesday night was recovered when a bullet fired by Police Officer Frank Varnum punctured the left rear tire of he car following- a thrilling chase vhich started on Bast State street and ended near Manly. Kenneth Murray, Charles City, .he man captured in the automobile, was bound over to the grand jury vith his bond set at 52,000 by Judge Tohn C. Shipley at police court Thursday forenoon. Murray was re- eased from the county jail Wednesday following a 30 day sentence served on an intoxication charge. Officer Varnum first spotted the car going east on East State street about 1:30 o'clock Thursday morning. Altho he had no means of telling the car was stolen, be decided to investigate and drew alongside. Car Speeded Av.'ay. Aa he turned on his police siren the car speeded away with the police car following in a chose that led thru Mason City streets and alleys,, Finally Murray turned North on Federal avenue. In the neighborhood of Seventeenth street Varnum fired several shots In the air but the driver did not stop and the officer continued the pursuit. About two miles south of Manly Varnum again fired at the car. The first bullet struck the bumper and glanced but the second one. fired with the left hand while the car was going about 60 miles an hour, according to Varnum, struck the license plate squarely and penetrated the fender to the tire. Continued Down Road. Altho the car was going at a high rate of speed it did not upset but continued down the road for about a mile before it was overtaken and Murray arrested. After Murray was returned to the station officers went to the scene of the shooting and after changing the rear tire drove the car to the station. The car was not missed by sheriffs officcra untl .(Tarn to Tnia 2, Column 6). TOWA CITY, April 2. (m--Attacks J- on the conduct of the University of Iowa investigation were made at today's session by Senator-W, F. Baird, a member of the probe committee, and Emmett Tluley, attorney for the board of education. Senator Baird charged he had been ignored by the committee in making its plans. Tinley expressed the fear that the investigation Would end without the rebuttal being hoard and asked that the prosecution be stopped now, so that he could present witnesses. Senator H. B. Carrol, chairman, the only committeeman besides Baird who was present, refused to make a change in the procedure without consulting the other members, and examination of J. M. Fisk, university building superintendent, proceeded after nearly an hour's delay. Demands Hearing. REDISTRICTING BILL PASSED BY VOTE OF 60-48 North Iowa D i s t r i c t s Little Changed by Measure. DBS MOINES, Aprl! 2. (/P)-- i By a. vote of 75 to 32 tlio house today struck "from tho combined Income tax-county assessor hill nil reference to county assessors which the senate tacked on . tho income tax bill as an amendment. D ES MOINES, April 2. Â«P) -- ' Speaker Francis Johnson of the Iowa house of representatives today ruled that the house could consider the amended income tax-county assessor bill aa passed hy the senate. Granting' that virtually all sections in the county assessor bill, which was added as an amendment to the income tax bill, were almost identical with tue bill defeated by the house, the speaker held that tho intrusion of several sections would permit consideration of the amended measure. The point was praised by Repre- senative Henry S. Berry, Monroe, who declared that the house could not consider the bill because it had defeated the county assessor bill. The question came up when Representative M. R. McCaulley, Calhoun,. called up the bill, moved that the senate amendments be adopted and asked the members to vote no, which would send tho bill to a conference committee. Elliott. Agrees. Representative Frank TSlltotE,; Scott, agreed with McCaulley end said it would be tho duty of the ference committee to see ijijt no matterial upon whielvlm, uouse had acted appeared In the bill. He referred to the county assessor amendment. Representative L M. Forsling, Woodbury, took exception to the speaker's ruling: declaring- that the only changes in the assessor amendment were those of phraseology. Tho Tamisiea-Anderson congressional redislricting bill was passed by the house today by a vote of 60 to 48. The vote came with an unexpected suddenness and with less discussion than had been anticipated. Party lines were broken down with both republicans and democrats voting for and against the measure. 'There were six defections from the democratic delegation, "In the name and the right of the I which had formed a coalition with university and the people of Iowa," Tinley said, "I demand to be heard and to present the exact story of the school's activities. "It is time to cease dealing with law and trivial matters. The only evidence represented are such mistakes as might occur in any big business." "It has been rumored," Tinley continued, "that the investigation would close this week without the defense being heard. The university should have its opportunity now, and then, if there is time, we can go back to the prosecution." Tinley charged that he had never been consulted about arrangements for the probe and that therefore he was more or less "an unofficial observer." He warned that he would make a lengthy examination of Fisk which might take the remainder of the week. , I^eft In Dark. After his speech, Senator Baird rose and said "I have been left in _ . j dark entirely, while other members have conferred with the pros- (Turn to Tanc 2, Column 2). republicans in opposition to the Tamisiea measure besides tue two democrats who voted witfi the Tamisiea bill proponents yesterday. Democrats Vote \'cs. Representatives J. N. Hayes, Dubuque, Eliot Lepley, Grundy, John McDermott, Adair, C. E. Malone. Cass, William Paisley, Lee, and, John Ryder, Dubuque, O. J. Ditto, Osceola, and W. H. Gissel. Buchanan, were the democrats voting for the bill. Hayes and Lepley joined with the republicans yesterday in defeating the substitute Whiting 1 bill. Under the Tamisiea bill tho nlntU district is composed oC tho present (Turn In I'OKC W, Column A). Sfi* KAYE DON SETS NEW BOAT MARK Britisher Upsets Record of Gar Wood of 102 Miles an Hour. BUENOS AIRES, Argentina, April 2. (IP)--The gunboat Parana this afternoon wirelessed the ministry of marine that Kayo Don, British speed boat driver, had biVcen the world motorboat speed record this afternoon with his boat, Miss England II. The present world's motor boat IOWA WEATHER Mostly cloudy Thursday night and Friday. Ititln or Know prob- nblc. Slightly warmer Thursday night tit extreme cost portion. Somcwhut colder Friday in northwest and north central portions. LOCAL STATISTICS Globe-Gazette weather figures for 21 hour period ending at 8 o'clock Thursday morning: Maximum Wednesday -10 Minimum in Night 30 At 8 A. M. TlmrHdny 37 When the sun. went down Wednesday night, there remained scarcely enough snow In North Iowa for one good snowball battle. April has started out like the proverbial lamb. According to compilations made at the weather station in Charles City, the temperature thus far in 1931 has averaged 10 degrees higher than record, established March 20, 1931, is 102 miles an hour and is held by Gar Wood, American. Premature Explosion Fatal. MUSCATINE, April 2. W)--Joseph E. Furlong, 70, farmer near Ardon, was killed Wednesday by a premature explosion of dynamite with which he was blasting stumps.