The Mason City Globe-Gazette from Mason City, Iowa on January 19, 1943 · Page 1
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January 19, 1943

The Mason City Globe-Gazette from Mason City, Iowa · Page 1

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Tuesday, January 19, 1943
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NORTH IOWA'S DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME C C M P D E P A R T M E N T O F H I S T 0 3 Y A N D A 3 C H I v " O E S M O l K E f j I A THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS VOL. XLIX ASSOCIATED PRESS AND UNITED PHESS FUUj LEASED WIRES FIVE CENTS A COPY MASON CITY, IOWA, TUESDAY, JANUARY 19,1943 THIS PAPER CONSISTS OF TWO SECTIONS SECTION ONE NO. 87 REDS FREE LENINGRAD PUSH AHEAD F.R. Orders Strikers to Work SAYS SECURITY OF U. S. MUST BE PROTECTED 5,000 Miners Go Back to Work but 12,350 Insurgents Are Idle WASHINGTON, W--President Roosevelt, as commander-in-chiet at the armed, forces, Tuesday directed all striking anthracite coal miners to go back to work at once. * * * He said thai if they failed to comply with his directive in 48 hours, the, government would take the necessary steps to protect the security of the nation against a strike which comes at a time of a shortage of fuel iu war time. * # * Some 5,000 striking miners returnee! to their jobs in Pennsyl- ,vania's anthracite field Tuesday in the largest back-to-work movement since the wildcat \Y_alk- out began three weeks ago, (However, about 12,350 insurgents still remained idle.) The chief executive issued his order in telegrams to officials of the united mine workers of America, national and local. The parent body has emphasized the strike is unauthorized. The telegram said: "On Friday, Jan. 15, 1943, the national war labor board-' issued a directive order calling upon all miners, on ..strike in the anthracite coal field to return to work -'--immediaiely--~I -have-.been itr- forrhed that several thousand miners refused to" obey the order of the war labor board and are still out on strike. * # * "In the interest of Jhe war effort, all directive orders of the national war labor board must be complied with by all employers and all employes. * * * "Therefore, as commander-in- chief of the armed forces, I direct all miners in the anthracite coal fields who are now out on strike to return at once to their job of producing vitally neecled coal for their country. If this order is not complied with in 48 hours, your government wilt take the necessary steps to protect the security of the nation against a strike which is doing serious injury to the war effort." (In previous disputes, involving labor and management, the military has taken over and supervised continued production.) (The president used the armec forces in two previous cases o labor defiance and the military showing in both cases had the effect of ending the strikes without violence. The first was in the North American aviation case in California early in 1941. Last year the military was assigned to the General Cable company strike at Bayonne. N. .T. Workers went back to their jobs almost immediately. (Some members of the war labor board expressed belief that the same pattern could be used ·effectively in the anthracite situation if normal production is not resumed in the next 48 hours, but would not venture a prediction.) The 20 day old strike in the Pennsylvania hard coal fields has involved members of some 25 local unions. They have been demanding a S2 a day wage increase and cancellation of a 50 cen's a month increase in union dues from SI. Cold Wave Intensified as Mercury Dips to -26; Real Relief Is Not Yet in Sight DBS MOINES, (AP)--Iowa's cold wave intensified Tuesday, sub-zero temperatures spreading throughout the state, while drifting snow blocked roads and hindered or halted transportation facilities in many areas. Schools were closed in many cities. Trains ran hours late. Buses either were halted or were running late as highway commission crews truggled to keep major highways*against the pen against the blowing light now which drifted in behind hem in some places, undoing heir work. * * * The mercury sank to 26 degrees below at Mason City. Readings of 20 below were common and temperatures lower than 10 below were reported from all sections of the state. * * * Garner, in Hancock county, reported an unofficial 28 below, while at Sibley, where a S75.000 fire razed a building housing five stores, the temperature sank to -26. .Fresh snow Monday and Monday night added to the burdens of those seeking to keep traffic Suffer From Heat in Buenos Aires BUENOS AIRES, U.R--City dwellers swarmed to seaside resorts Tuesday Jo escape the hottest weather in seven years as thermometers soared to almost 104 decrees. House Votes to Make Investigation of FCC WASHINGTON, (U.R) -- T h e house by overwhelming voice vote Tuesday passed a resolution to investigate the Federal Communications commission. Representative Eugene E. Cox. D.. Ga.. sponsor of the resolution, snid the commission housed the "nastiest mess of rats in the country." Peyrouton Is Algerian Governor General ALGIERS, U.R)--Marcel Peyrou- ton, former French minister of in- tenor, was appointed governor general of Algeria Tuesday. Pey- routon succeeds Yves Chatel. Pey- routon recently was French ambassador to Argentina. He came here from South America by plane ·last week. moving. Elkader reported 11 inch- of snow in the last 24 hours and other northern and easterr parts of Iowa had lesser amounts --The weatherman-said little-if any real relief was, in sight although the temperatures may moderate somewhat Wednesday morning. * * * The state highway commission reported nearly alt highways east of No. 65 and north of No. 6 were blocked Tuesday morning, but added all except those in the extreme northeast would be open to one-way traffic by noon. Highways were open in other portions of the state and driving conditions were fair, the com-' mission said. · , "' * * * ' v The snowfall had cesaed Tuesday morning, except for a few flurries in the extreme east o Iowa and these were expected to have stopped before noon. No more snow is expected soon. Tuesday was the third day o the cold wave and reminded lowans of the 10 days of sub-zerc weather in.January last year. A that time the mercury sank as lo 1 as 36 below at Decorah. Temperatures Tuesday sent the mercury shrinking near the bottom of many thermometers. De corah, and Spirit Lake listed 2. below, Charles City and Sioux City 24 below. Other readings included Spence -23, Cedar Rapids and Fort Dodge -22, Elkader and Mount Ayr -21 Marshalltown and Lamoni -19 Ames and Washington -18. Ottum wa and Iowa City -17. Muscatin -1C. Burlington, Dubuque am Council Bluffs -15, DCS Moines am Davenport -14, Clinton -11. Schools were closed at- Sioux City, Davenport and Cedar ICapids and some smaller cities, while some Coc college classes also were canceled. * * * Iowa City reported sevcra inches of new snow with muci drifting and Marshalltown ha similar drifting. In the Cedar Rapids vicinity highway 30 was blocked wes from the Bentcn county line an highways 52, 18 and 13 wer clogged. There was no bus traffi between Cedar Rapids and Water loo. running- on schedule, with little difficulty encountered except by drifts in a few blocks' on Twelfth street northwest and at Twenty-fifth street and Jefferson avenue southwest. * * * The two trains from the cast on tc Milwaukee road arrived later han on the previous morning, the a. m. train arriving at 7:30 /clock and the Marquette, due in icre at 7:45 a. m., arriving at 1C:15 m. Snowplows preceded each rain. The Chicago North Western ailway passenger train from Belle Plaine. due in here at 6:30 a. m., arrived about 11 a. m. Trains on the Chicago Great Vestern railroad and the Rock sland lines also were late, the early morning Great Western being about five hours late. * * * , The Rock Island due in here at 10:38 o'clock Monday night arrived at 2 a. m.. and the other southbound due in at 4 a. m.. arrived at 8 a. m. Northbound trains had not reached Mason City Tuesday morning and would probably be from 7 to 9 hours late. * , * * Although running on time Monday, the M. St. L. met difficulty Monday night and. all freights were late getting out. -The passenger from the south, due in at 10:05 a. m., was about an hour late. Schools were open in Mason City, but schools in surrounding communities were reported closed, including the Hanlontown high school, the Mclntire schools, the Manly.'public schools and Sacred Heart school, Portland township So. 2 and Lime Creek township No. 5. * * * "We hope that parents will use their own judgment about sending U. S. SUBS SINK DESTROYER, 4 OTHER VESSELS Navy Communique Tells of Operations in Waters of Pacific WASHINGTON, (IP)--The navy announced Teusday that American submarines had sunk an enemy destroyer and four other ships in the Pacific. Navy communique number 255, said: "Pacific aid Far East: "1. United States submarines have reported the following results of operations against the enemy in the waters of these areas: "(A) One destroyer sunk. "(B One large cargo ship sunk "(C) One medium-sized transport sunk. "(D) One medium-sized cargo ship sunk. "(E) One small patrol vesse sunk. "F) One large tanker damaged. "(G) One small cargo ship damaged. "2. These actions have not beer announced in any previous nav department communique." A naval spokesman declined t( identify specifically any of thi areas in which the successful un dersea raids were made but said in response to questions that if sink ings of Japanese ships in the Solo mon islands by American subma rines had been accomplished in the period covered by this com munique they would be included The last previous communiqu on American submarine action wa issued Jan. 2 at which time it wa reported that seven enemy ship liad been sunk and one damaged. Tuesday's report of five sunt and two damaged maintained th navy's average of reporting six tc eight enemy vessels hit by Ameri can submersibles about every twi and a half weeks. Woman Freezes to Death in Front Yard OTTTJMWA. (JP)--Mrs. Alex Dtckerson, 48, Ottutmva, was found frozen to death in the front yard of her home Tuesday. Her husband told Coroner Gordon Traul that she left -home Monday night saying she was going to * nearby store. He found the body this moraine in a snowdrift as he began look- Ingr for her. This was the second Iowa fatality in the current cold wave. children out in severe weather," suggested R. B. Irons, superintendent of Mason City schools. "It is our intention to keep, the schools open but we certainly do not intend to penalize small children or those having to walk considerable distances if they fail to appear when temperatures are far below zero." "Please don't take chances of hurting the children's health or having thorn freeze." -* 30 gelow Reported in Twin Cities M I N N E A P O L I S , U.ra--The worst cold wave in seven years prevailed throughout the state Tuesday with no immediate relief in prospect. The federal forecast is for Tuesday night. weather bureau continued 1 cold Local Trains 3V 2 to 9 Hours Late Conditions for travel in general in North Iowa were not as bright Tuesday morning as Monday morning, although conditions were clearing rapidly. AH lines are getting through. Trains were all the way from 3!i hours lo 9 hours late, while busses, when moving were close to schedule. North-south travel was reported moving by the Jefferson transportation company, but east-west travel was not scheduled to start until noon Tuesday. No busses left the local station Monday night east or west. The early morning busses came in from the north and south Tuesday morning and busses were sent out in both directions Tuesday morning. * * * The Mum CHj Motor Craeh The temperatures in the Twin Sities at 9 a. m. was 30 below zero, approaching the all-time low for Minneapolis of 34 below and the lowest here since the cold wave of 1936. The lowest temperature ever recorded in St. Paul is 40 below. Temperatures at other points in the state included -27 at Dululh; -30 at Ecmidji; -31 at Inetmation- al Falls; -27 at Moorhcad; and -21 at Springfield. IFT PEW SPECTATORS WATCHED THIS FIRE--but Clarion firemen fought in sub zero temperatures throughout the early hours of Sunday morning in attempt to put the blaze under control and when that failed, to keep nearby buildings from burning. The fire destroyed the Clarion Methodist church, causing a loss estimated between ?35,000 and §40,000. The origin of the blaze has not been determined. (Photo courtesy Wright County Monitor) British Army 40 Miles From Tripoli British rAir Patrol Hits 3 Supply Ships LONDON, )--Light British patrol bombers hit three enemy supply ships Monday night in an attack on a convoy off the Dutch coast, the air ministry announced Tuesday. The RAF bomber command did not raid Europe in force Monday night but did lay mines in enemy waters while aircraft of the fighter command on offensive patrols attacked freight trains and locomotives in northern France. ALLIED TROOPS GET SANANANDA Wavell Pushes Ahead in Burma Campaign By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Gen. Douglas MacArthurs heac quarters announced Tuesday tha allied troops in New Guinea ha captured Sanananda point and San ananda village, wiping out all bu three small pockets of resistanc by survivors of a 15,001-man Japa nese army in the Papuan jungle *" * * Coupled with this blow to Japan's far-flu ng invasion armies, British headquarters reported fresh gains in three sectors by Field Marshal Sir Archibald r. Wavell's legions driving hack into conquered Burma from India. * * if- Other far Pacific developments! saw Honolulu under a 17-minutc air raid alarm, officially attributed to the presence of "unidentified elements later reported as friendly,"-while allied warplanes rode the skies from Burma to the South seas, inflicting heavy new punishment on the enemy. General MacArthur's headquarters said the capture of the two key Japanese strongholds on the Papuan beach climaxed a series of co-ordinated attacks by two American and three Australian infantry forces. * * * All that remained of a. Japanese invasion army which once drove within 32 miles of the allied outpost.at Fort Moresby, 12* miles across the peninsula, was a small force pocketed in three groups a mile west of Sanananda, about 1,500 yards eastward from S a n a n a n d a point, and behind the block of the main track. Front-line dispatches said there appeared little likelihood that the surviving Japanese could hold out long and said action against the three pocketed forces was in the nature of a mop-up operation » * * In the Burma theater, British headquarters r e p o r t e d that Field Marshal Wavtll's forces captured the village of Kyauk- taw, 4» miles' northeast of the Japanese base at Akyab on the Bay of Bental coast, after ennhiat slicht enemy oppcsi- ROMMEL MAY NOT DEFEND CITY Most Advanced English Column Is Inland CAIRO, fP--The British eighth army spurted into the home stretch of its drive across Libya Tuesday with an advance which carried one of two attacking columns to within 40 miles or less of Tripoli--closer than Marshal Rommel came to Alexandria last summer. ¥ * * With Gen. Sir Bernard L. Montgomery pressing home the attack, the axis had only a matter of hours in which to check the onslaught for an attempted stand, or to Quit the city in a withdrawal toward the Tunisian border 100 miles to the west. # # ¥ Montgomery's most advancedj column was operating inland, and a communique said it had driven axis forces from Bcni Ulicl and was in contact with the enemy toward Tarhuna, which is only 40 miles southeast or Tripoli. Tarhuna is some CO miles beyond Benui Ulid where the axis suf- Knudson Scheduled to Be Chairman of Appropriations umn and by-pass it to the south with the inland column. There were "indications that Rommel had decided, or had been ordered, to yield Tripoli nnd a{- tcmpt to get as many of his men ns possible into Tunisia to join Gen. Walther Nehring in a stand against allied assault from both sides. It was noted that the eighth army swept unchecked through the fertile green oasis of Misurata which had been described as the strongest potential defense point between El Agheila and Tripoli. Observers said there was reason to believe that Montgomery's army had pushed steadily on beyond the positions reported in the communique, which would cover gains through Monday. / fered heavily in a tank battle with the British. The second British column sped along the costal road, passing through Misurata and Garibaldi and reaching the Zlinten area 90 miles east of Tripoli, the last stronghold of Premier Mussolini's one-time African empire. Tripoli itself wns under heavy air attack. ·¥ * * A communique announced that B-25 liberators of the ninth U. S. army air force attacked the big port by daylijht Monday and said "hits by heavy caliber bombs were observed near Jhe base of Karamanli Mole and military targets within the town." * * * "A number of enemy fighters attacked our formation but failed to press their attacks home," the communique said. The night before other American heavy bombers raided Castel Benito airdrome, 13 miles south of Tripoli. (Allied headquarters in North Africa announced from the Tunisian front that flying fortresses also attacked Castel Benito from the west Monday, keeping the big axis base under two way assault. (The Italian high command said "repeated raids over Tripoli caused heavy damage to civilian buildings and several casualties among the Libyan population." (Allied headquarters announced that the Germans had made some gain in tank led attacks on allied positions southwest of Pont du Fahs on the central Tunisian land front. German tank and infantry forces also made two attacks in the Bou Arada-Goubellat area, southwest of Tunis, but a spokesman said both thrusts were repulsed.) Observers said the British strategy might be to bring the columns together for a converging attack on Tripoli, or to attack the city with the coastal col- Revisions in Social Security Plan Are Proposed by Perkins NEW YORK, (/P)--Secretary o [ Labor Frances Perkins disclosed Tuesday proposed revisions of the social security plan which would make it provide larger old-age pension payments and maternity, funeral and other benefits. She said they might be presented to President Roosevelt soon. Miss Perkins told 200 persons at a town hall meeting that the proposals would increase, progressively, the total social security premiums from employers and employes to an amount equal to 10 per cent of pay-checks. She said the government would not be required to be a third contributor after the expanded pro- Tarn had been in operation 10 said the proposals also years. She would provide payment for all interruptions of employment, regardless of cause. Other Important House Chairmanships Also to . Be Listed by Burma DES MOINES, M-- Represen- ative Arch W. McFarlane ( Vatcrloo), \V. R. Fimmen (R., Sloomfield) a n d Herman M. Cn'udson (K., Mason City), are chednlcd for appointment to the liree top house committee chairmanships, which will make them automatic members or the powcr- "ul interim committee, it was re- iably reported Tuesday. The appointments are to be made by Speaker Henry Vf. Burma and announced to the house, possibly later Tuesday. Informants said McFarlane will :iead the committee on ways nnd means, Fimmen the judiciary No 1, and Knudson the appropriations committee. Representative George L. Scott (R., West Union), appropriations committee chairman last session, is slated to head n committee on ta.\ reduction, which will handle onj bills on reducing the state income tax, a move fostered by both democrats and republicans. Other important chairmanship appointments expected: D. S. Butterfield (R., Waterloo), cities and towns; A. H. Avery, (R., Spencer) rules; Harry E. Weichman. (R. Newhall). agriculture 1: Edward .T Morrissey (R., Valeria), agnail lure 2: C. A. Bryson (R., lowr Falls), consolidation and co-oi' dination of state government: R. R. Dvorak (K.. Toledo). judici;,rj 2; Carrol! Johnson (R.. Knoxvillc) roads and highways; X. T. Pienti (R., Ml, Ayr), liquor control. RUSSIANS HAIL ARMY EXPLOITS ON ALL FRONTS Northern Metropolis Opens Land Lines After Year and Half Siege By HENRY C. CASSIDY M O S C O W , (iP)-- A l l Russia thrilled to the ne'ws of great accomplishments of the red army Tuesday as the fire of enthusiasm was stoked by word o£ soviet smashes into sagging German forces all the way from ice-bound Lake Ladoga outside newly reopened Leningrad to the liigh Caucasus in the south. "Izvestia," government newspaper, reported Leningrad was now in direct land communication with the rest of the nation after nearly a year and a half in which its 1,000,000 war-time inhabitants had been supplied by air transports and by roads anil a railroad over the winter ice of Lake Ladoga. While the red army continued to baiter at the once-encircling German armies around Russia's second city to widen a five mile orridor through which the 17- icnth siege was broken, other so- iet forces moved further in the ivcction of the Latvian border outhwest of Velikie Luki. threat- ncd Salks, German supply cen- er for its entrapped southern ar- iiies. tightened the vise in the Stalingrad area and made further progress in the direction of the steel city of Kharkov, the Pittsburgh of the Ukraine. Workers coming off their shifts n Moscow shouted the news and pounded each other -on'the: back, and newsdealers in the' capital were swamped with 'he citizen's nsatiablc appetite for fresh tid- ngs of t h e widening triumphs at the winter offensive. Weather Report FORECAST MASON CITY: Coniinued cold Tuesday afternoon and Tuesday night. Not quite so cold Wednesday forenoon. Lowes Tuesday night in Mason Cit 22 below. IOWA: Continued severe cold Tuesday night and Wednesday forenoon. MINNESOTA: Not quite so extremely cold Tuesday night and Wednesday f o r e n o o n : light snow west and north portion. IN MASON CITY Globe-Gazette weather statistics: Maximum Monday -6 Minimum Mondav night -26 At 8 a. m. Tuesday -23 At 2:30 p. m. Tuesday -10 Snow trace Monday night's minimum temperature was the lowest recorded here since Jan. 4 and Jan 7 of 1942 when minimums of 27 below were recorded. YEAR'AGO: Maximum 38 Minimum , 15 Dispatches related t h a t (he Leningrad offensive began on Jan. 12 at 9 o'clock in the morn- iu? with a hurricane of artillery fire upon the German positions on the elevated left bank of the Neva river. * ·¥ '* So terrific was the barrage. 'Pravcla" reported, that it plowed tip the frozen soil and splintered concrete pillboxes as though they wove matchwood. The pounding. lasted two hours and t w e n t y minutes. Then soviet infantry which hafl stood in their trenches impatiently iiwaiting the attack signal rushed across the frozen Neva toward the Germans. Pravcla said. Good organization and speed in the crossing operation kept losses ·'insignificant.'' the dispatcli said. The enthusiasm of the Russian troops was so great that many o£ the wounded insisted on continuing in the battle. * * * - In many places heavy Russian artillery was pushed across the frozen river by hand and nud?ed up tlic high banks with the help of icy tow ropes. These snow-covered slopes we're heavily sown with land mines which sappers were forced to blow up because they were frozen too tight to remove. Izvcslia said the German army had lost 250.000 men in the unsuccessful attempt to take Leningrad. The people of Leningrad wept openly in the thronged streets and kissed one another when the news that the blockade was broken came, said a dispatch from the front. / At the hospitals wounded de- Emergency Precautions Taken by Sweden to Insure Defense Plans LONDON, (U.R1--Sweden, evidently guarding against a possible German lightning invasion ns the result of Russia's victories on the Leningrad front, took i fenders o[ the city cried with joy. emergency action Tuesday to in- i sure its defense. Gen. p. G. Thocrncll. commander in chief of the Swedish armed forces, issued a special order that in event of a lightning attack local commanders must act on their own initiative, even without orders from their superiors, to defend the country. He .wnrned the nation. ;is had i Premier Per Albcn Hansson MOD- ! day, that enemy agents were) Workers, who during the long siege stayed at their machines often until they dropped of fa- held thanksgiving in the factories. meetings The lift which the Russian people sol out of the breaking of the blockade of the city, named for ihcir revolutionary leader and considered the home of the revolution itself, bolstered army morale and lent new momentum to the series of drives ajtainst the axis armies all along the 1,200 mile front. likely to spread false reports in | a fifth column operation accom- j panying an invasion. i "Any reports that orders have i been given to cease fire will b c i Southwest of Vclikic Luki, false," General Thoerncll an-1 where German resistance has nounced. , | been exceptionally strong, a Rus- Collapse of Germany's siege o f ] s i o n advance captured six popu- Leningrad had brought the warjlated places and added to the nearer Swenden as it had under- i growing toll of axis prisoners. (London m i l i t a r y quarters pointed out that Hitler's satellite armies had taken a particularly heavy drubbing in the winter drive, calculating that six of nine Hungarian divisions on the eastern from had been badly mauled, seven of 10 Italian divisions had been knocked out and that 16 ol lined the bankruptcy of German offensive policy against Russia. JUDGE BOND DIES BALTIMORE. (JP)-- Chief Judge Carroll T. Bond of the Maryland court of appeals died of heart dis- east Monday night at his home here.

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