The Mason City Globe-Gazette from Mason City, Iowa on March 9, 1944 · Page 7
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March 9, 1944

The Mason City Globe-Gazette from Mason City, Iowa · Page 7

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Mason City, Iowa
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Thursday, March 9, 1944
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Page 7
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EFFECTS OF WAR SEEN IN SCHOOLS Iowa State Educator Notes Some Benefits Ames--What is me war doing to Iowa schools? Professor J. A. Starrak of tHe vocational education department at Iowa State college, writing in the current issue of the Iowa Farm Economist, official college publication, says that although many of the present effects of the war, such as the shortage of teachers are detrimental to the state's education system, some of the permanent effects will be beneficial. Starrak believes that the disclosure by army examinations oE a dangerously low educational status o£ citizenry in many sections of the country may result in a continuation of attempts to equalize educational opportunities. This implies an acceleration of the pre-war trend toward state and federal aid for education. Secondly, he believes that newer and more effective streamlined educational methods developed by the army and navy programs may be applied in peacetime schools. He also looks for an expansion of curriculum. This will include, first of all, an expansion of training facilities in trade and industrial education. The war-inspired emphasis upon modern languages and increased emphasis upon mathematics and physical science may continue. Many schools will expand their offerings in cco- ;-· tiomics and the social sciences be, cause of a need created by problems of peace. Arid, finally, men will return to the postwar teaching field. Possibility is high, too, of raised requirements for teaching certificates in Iowa schools. The war has forced many adjustments in state school programs, hitting hardest at the teacher supply, Starrak says. In 1912-43 more than 100,000 teachers left the school rooms for military service or other employment. Another 100,000 have left this year, ace or dine to Office of Education reports. To meet the teacher shortage, women have replaced men, and teachers Ion; retired have returned to teaching on emergency certificates. In Iowa, up to Oct. 1, 1913, a total of 2,860 persons had applied for re-certification. Standards were necessarily lowered in granting many of the certificates. More than 2.000 of them obtained appointments. But even those "rehabilitated" teachers cannot meet the . state need. Last fall 15 of Iowa's small high schools and more than 200 of her one-room rural schools which were in operation the preceding year failed to open. The scarcity of teachers has resulted in an average salary increase of from 10 to 15 per cent. But this, says Sfarrak, is not sufficient to make teaching salaries compare favorably with the wages teachers can earn in business and in- t tlustrial jobs, especially in war industries. War has wrought a decline in both high school and junior college enrollment. In some communities high schools are operating with not jnore than two-thirds of their normal enrollment of 2 years ago. Junior college enrollment has dropped even more. Studies have been affected, too. Since the war began the number of schools in Iowa offering vocational agriculture has dropped from 203 to 156 in spite of the demand for increased agriculture production. Pre-fllght training in aeronautics and pre-induction training for critical occupations both in the armed forces and war industries have been added. More than 50 schools participated in war production training under the direction of vocational agriculture departments for out-of-school rural youth 15 to 24 years of age. Equipment provided by the government for these courses may remain in the schools, probably resulting in expansion of regular industrial training programs by schools after the war. State Guardsmen Get New Shoulder Patch DCS Monies, (JP) -- Iowa state guardsmen (or their wives) are busy sewing a new shoulder patch on their uniforms to distinguish them from regular army units. The new circular patch consists of the eagle and ribbon from the state flag, the word Iowa and a monogram "S. G." all in gold on a deep blue field. It replaces the original patch, "nastily drawn, when the guard was organized more than 2 years ago. consisting of a gold map of Iowa on a blue field. Forbid Sale of Insignia to Civilians Iowa City--Capt. E. D. Washburn, Jr.. commanding officer of the U. S. navy pro-flight school here, Wednesday issued a warning against what he called the growing practice among storekeepers of furnishing for sale to civilians articles of regulation naval uniforms, insignia and campaign ribbons contrary to navy regulations. Captain Washburn pointed out that such articles of uniform und campaign ribbons are being widc- y worn contrary to the regula- lions, and wished to stress that such official parts of the navy uniform are permitted to be worn only by authorized nava! personnel. He urged shops dealing in military supplies to co-operatu with the naval authorities in stopping unauthQrized sale of official insignia to civilians. CALL TO CONVENTION C r c s c o -- County Chairman Dave M. Evans of Cresco announces a call for the republican county convention of Howard county to be held at the courthouse in Crcsco Friday, March 17. at 11 a. in., to select 14 delegates to the state republican convention Precinct caucuses arc to be held Monday. WPB Request for 238 Draft Deferments Is Turned Down by WMC Washington. (/P)'--A war production board request for dral't- defermiMil for 231) of its key men (who are also family heads) has been turned down and one board official said Wednesday the situation presented "the most serious threat to lhe WPB organization since the start of the war." WPB originally asked for 245 deferments--all pro-Pearl Harbor fathers--which 1 board authority described as "absolutely rock bottom." But when the war manpower commission's review committee got through with the list, only 7 of the requested deferments had been granted. It was learned a rehearing will be asked Wednesday. Amuii£ those for whom defcr- mcnls were denied. U was under- stod. arc WPB Vice-Chairman J. A. Ki'Ug. in charge of production program, chairman of the requirements committee and director of the office of war utilities; and E. A. Locke, assistant to Chairman Donald M. Nelson and a recognized influence in polic.vmaking. WPB has 17,000 employes and the recommended deferment list of 254 was made up from 700 nominations for deferment by bureau and division heads. Thursday, March 9, 10M 7 MASON CITY GLOBE-GAZETTE Buy War Savings Bonds and Stumps from your Globe-Gazette carrier buy. IIEI'OKT ItlRTIIS New Hamilton--Births reported here are: Mr. and Mrs. A r t h u r Anderson, daughter. March 1; Dr. antt Mrs. Milo Dosland, son, .March :i. FALSE TEETH That Loosen Need Not Embarrass Many wearers of false teeth have M i f - ferct! real embarrassment Licctiusi* their plate dropped. Clipped or wabbled at Just the \vroiiH lime. Do tioi live hi fear of this li;i|Hi'iiinn lr you. Just sprinkle a l i t t l e KASTKKT1I. the aliia- 11111- liioii-rtcid' iKiwdiM', on your pNile's. Holds false teotli more f i r m l y , so they feel mortr comfortable, Ii»ci not .sour. Checks "iJlato odor" uk-iUuro breath). Cet FASTEETII at nny druR store. For the every day' average occasion or that event you'll be pretty and light of foot in our shoes. 20% FEDERAL TAX ON HANDBAGS EFFECTIVE APRIL '1 mit: EVER SO IMPORTANT AN EATON BAG " " COMES FROM THE TOWN'S LARGEST AND LOVELIEST SELECTION . . . . Will you have a huge leather pouch, crocheted wool, a corded bag, an envelope of alligator? These are just a few of the hundreds of beauties at Eatons. Loads of black, navy, all the new colors. TO m*. THE CARDIGAN SUIT , 95 Light-hearted--action-minded . . . your new collarless classic is long on wear and yet pampers your femininity. Soft woolens, wonderful to wear. Red, blue, lilac, green, muted tones, black ond navy. GLORIOUS JEWELRY REAL GOLD AND SILVER OPULENTLY SET WITH COLORED STONES . . . . Masterpieces of designing . . . direct from Hollywood and New York's finest jewelry houses. Sterling silver, gold-plated sterling, set with colorful stones for the loveliest of clips, / earrings, pins and bracelets. THE BOY COAT TO SUIT PEARLS 2.98 20% FEDERAL TAX ON JEWELRY EFFECTIVE APRIL 1 The favorite coat fashion of all ... cut with sure, exact perfection in fabrics of superb softness and beautiful texture. Gabardine, Shetland, tweed, camel's hair. THE PRINT DRESS Small and dainty or large and splashy . . . tha print's the thing! We've a spirit-lifting collection in stunning one and two-piece styles. . YOU GIVE TO HIM WHEN YOU GIVE TO THE AMERICAN RED CROSS

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