The Mason City Globe-Gazette from Mason City, Iowa on March 17, 1937 · Page 1
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The Mason City Globe-Gazette from Mason City, Iowa · Page 1

Mason City, Iowa
Issue Date:
Wednesday, March 17, 1937
Page 1
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NORTH IOWA'S DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME ··i A f i L O H E R H t S M C M S CPT or \z R M m I "THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS" H O M E E D I T I O N VOL. XLIII ASSOCIATED PRESS AND UNITED PRESS LEASED WIRES MASON CITY, IOWA, WEDNESDAY, MARCH 17,1937 THIS PAPER CONSISTS OF TWO SECTIONS SECTION ONE NO. 139 ' Work-Relief Playing Out Faster Than Private Industry Can Re-Absorb By CHAKLES P. STEWART A S H I N G TON, ' (CPA) -- Federal work-relief is frazzling out lapidly, as. anyone can see. I t f r a z l e s faster than private industry is r e.- a b s orbing t h e unemployed. Hence the inc r e a s ing volume of the outcry that it must not be permitted to play out completely. U n e m p loy- ment, many authorities say, is certain to be what they cay ; a "long time problem"-maybe an everlasting one. Personally I. doubt that it will be everlasting, insofar as employables are |j. concerned. However, it is a prob- * lem yet. A distinction is to be drawn be- isfc tween genuine work relief and plain relief--in other words, as to the latter, a slight disguished dole; charity. Work-Relict Plan. A work-relief plan contemplates tlie employment of employables in really worth while tasks. Building a new postotfice where one is needed would so classify. Protection against floods would classify similarly on a larger scale. Such, employment is constructive. It is improving to communities, or to the country. Work for relief's sake only is a different proposition. Digging a · hole in the ground and then shoveling the dirt back in is work, but obviously it is valueless, uneconomic. It is "made work," as the socialists express it. "Boondoggling" is the term we describe it by now. No "boondoggler" can be expected to feel any proper self- respect in his job. He cannot but realize that he is an object of charity. Quick Action Work. "Boondoggling" has one thing to 3Jd said in its favor. ^ In an 1 emergency It fuimshes quick action. Supplying a man with a rake or a spade does not take long or involve any considerable investment beyond his pay. And maybe he does not feel that he is the recipient of an outright dole. ! But a new building or a flood control project requires architectural and engineering skill, and financial appropriations--in advance. A federal .building, illustratively, calls for the preparation of plans and the accumulation of much material, but these demands are not -immediate; they seep on down. H is indirect. Basic labor gets the benelit pretty soon; superficial labor only gradually. Hoover's Plan. It is a curious thing that President Hoover, who is regarded today as having been pre-eminently the apostle of big business, was strongly in favor of preparation for precautions against industrial slumps. He urged planning in advance against depressions-A federal program by which he hoped to have federal improvements take up flattening-out in private industry. He had a gathering of governors to consider the . prospect--which seemingly lie foresaw. Tile governors listened but did not act. Talk--So Far. .In short, .a long-time unemployment program? President Hoover foresaw it. He thought of forestalling it by a long-time federal construction program. But he did not do anything about it In Hoover's time it was all talk. This, up to date, is the same thing--"talk." The price of a new Easter outfit is hidden in your attic. Cash is stored there. An antique, a chest of tools, a saxophone or violin. People want to buy your "don't wants" for cash you want, and want ads are the place of exchange. This ad demonstrates the treasures that are stored in attics- FDR SALE---Walnut bureau, 100 years old. 309 E. Slate. Just call the ad taker at 3800 and start the dollars rolling in. STRIKERS IGNORE GOU ORDER MURPHY URGES BODIES TO DEAL WITH DISPUTES Michigan Governor. Confers With Capital, Labor, State Officials. BULLETIN CHICAGO, (#)--Open fight- hie broke out in Hie loop district Wednesday as sympathizers in (he 12 day old strike of taxlcab drivers pummeled s e v e r a l chauffeurs, overturned at least three cars and engaged in hand to hand encounters with police. DETROIT, -C/P) -- Gov. Frank Murphy.. acting as thousands of sit down strikers defied an injunction ordering them from Chrysler automobile plants, proposed Wednesday the establishment of mediation groups to deal with labor disputes. Chrysler attorneys considered "further steps" against the strikers, but no immediate action was taken. The corporation could obtain court writs calling on the sheriff to evict and arrest the men. In an atmosphere of tension while an estimated 20,000 union sympathizers demonstrated in the streets outside the striker -held factories, the governor brought together in.a downtown building 23 representatives of capital, labor, state government and the general public. Union Leaders Absent, Absent from the conference were two leaders of- the United Automobile Workers of America, who declined Murphy's invitation with an assertion that "sit down strikes will cease when Ih'e. conditions which produced them no longei exist "if y-*~'' * -*^The govempi's mediation proposals,-made in "a statement read to the conference · took two forms: 1. '.'By co-operative action between organized employer and labor groups x x x to establish committees or tribunals to deal with grievances." 2. "Establishment in each county or community x x x of special mediation boards or committees." As the conference recessed Wednesday afternoon, Murphy announced he had appointed two subcommittees, one to act on conciliation plans and the other to "study a minimum wage law and any other legislation which seems necessary." To Study Conciliation." The governor said the first committee, to be headed by Father Frederick Siedenburg, executive dean of the University of Detroit, would begin a "study of conciliation and establishment of adequate agencies to make possible conciliation between labor and employer where such difficulties may arise." The second committee, headed by John Reid, secretary of the Michigan Federation of Lahor, was delegated to "study proposed legislation" and "study an act on labor relations which will be proposed." Asserting t h a t "industrial disputes should be settled through friendly and peaceful negotiations, conducted in a spirit of reason and justice," the governor added: "We have means to enforce respect for public authority and we propose to use them with proper vigor if need be." Experience of NRA. Murphy expressed belief that "with the exeprience o£ NRA to guide us," the employer-labor cooperative tribunals he proposed could, be 'ormed "with reasonable dispatcx." .Mord than 5,000 union members held the Chrysler plants here for the tenth day despite the injunction which ordered them to evacuate by 8 a. m. (CST) Wednesday under penalty of $10,000,000. An hour after the deadline set for the strikers' evacuation passed, union sympathizers estimated to number 10,000 surrounded the Chrysler Jefferson avenue plant, blocking traffic for five blocks. Nearly as many surrounded the huge Dodge division plant, ordinarily employing 25,000 workers, whore strikers hung out a sign, "Give us liberty or give us death." Would Not Help. Homer Martin, United Automobile Workers' president, informed Governor Murphy that he believed the proposed committee "will not serve to eradicate the evils of job insecurity and low wages." The governor, still optimistic of settlement of the Chrysler strike difficulties, would not discuss reports that a meeting of Walter P. Chrysler, chairman of the corporation board, and John L. Lewis, head of the committee for industrial organization supporting the U. A. W. A. strikes, was regarded State Senate Accepts Homestead Compromise Legislative Quid Sodders DES MOINES--This particular knot ot Oulcl Sortilers in the Iowa house is newsworthy from another standpoint, all arc bachelors. And list (o their Irish names (left io right): Eugene Iteilly, representative from Diibuque; Representative Joe Fl.vnn of Dccorah; Kitty · McCarty of GraettinKcr, house committee clerU, and Representative J. C. Moore, Jr., of Promise City, (Iowa Daily Press Photo) BLUM IN THREAT TO RESIGN POST French Premier Insists on Free Hand Following Clichy Riots. PARIS, (flV-Socialist Premier Leon Blumi beset by sudden protest stuWes and political attacks "fibm hiSj popular -front supporters, was said by a member of the cabinet Wednesday to have threatened : resignation of his government, unless enraged French communists give him a free hand to settle the aftermath of Tuesday night's bloody Clichy riots. While furious leftist milled at the suburban .scene of the left- Ist-righ.tist-poHce fighting which killed five .persons and wounded 300, this, minister--who asked that his .name be not used--said the premier told the communist leaders, Maurice Thorez and Jacques Duclos, t h a t , . he would quit unless he was assured of harmony in the ranks of the people's front in dealing with the consequences of the Clichy struggle. The communist leaders, it was understood, agreed provisionally to waive their own demands and extend M. Blum freedom in dealing with the situation. Coincidentally, there were several brief strikes and talk of a 24 Hour general walkout to protest the action of police in dealing with the communist demonstrators who Tuesday night besieged a rightist mass meeting in Clichy, part of 'the industrial "red Ring around Paris." 'The Weather FORECAST IOWA: Cloudy; p r o b a b l y showers Wednesday niffht and In central and eastern portions Thursday morning, turning to snow /lurries; somewhat warmer In extreme eastern portion and colder in extreme northwest Dortion Wednesday night; colder Thursday. MINNESOTA: Cloudy, snow. or rain in east portion, colder in ·west portion Wednesday; Thursday fair in west, mostly cloudy .in cast portion, colder. IN MASON CITY Globe-Gazette weather figures for 24 hour period ending at 8 o'clock Wednesday morning: Waximum Tuesday 37 Above Minimum in Night 29 Above At 8 A. M. Wednesday 31 Above After a day of clear skies the sun was obscured Wednesday by a layer of clouds and there was a consequent chilliness in the air. Wacre Boost Granted. DES MOINES, (/P)--A wage increase of 20 cents a day will he granted 300 city employes, including truck drivers, teamsters and unskilled labor, beginning April 1. It will amount to $14,000 yearly. as.providing the quickest means o f - a solution.' ' ' A C h r y s l e r spokesman, announcing corporation a 11 o r neys were considering "further steps" in the injunction action, denied that any meeting between Lewis and Chrysler had occurred. ; Meanwhile, the sit down strike that resulted in the closing of Detroit's four largest hotels ended in a wage and hour agreement. Miss Earhart Set to Start Globe Flight OAKLAND, Cal., (/I 1 )--Amelia Earhart awaited only a weather bureau "go" signal Wednesday to send her trim laboratory plane roaring toward Honolulu on the first leg of a projected 27,000 mile world flight. Piomised favoiable weather aft- ei'a thieE-dayivait^-tlie sviatrat and her three male companions expected to take off between 4 and 5 Wednesday afternoon (6 to 7 p. m, GST!) Ahead of them, if flying weather prevails, will go two mighty clipper ships on Pan American airways, one destined for Manila, the other oil a survey flight to New Zealand. Both will stop at Honolulu. Miss Earhart's crew' comprises Paul Mantz, her technical adviser who will act as relief pilot as far as Honolulu; F. J. Noonan, former Pan American^ pilot who will serve as relief navigator as far as Howland island, first stop after Honolulu; and Capt. Harry Manning, the navigator who'will go as far as Port Darwin, Australia. From there the aviatrix will continue "solo." Aboard Miss Earhart's $80,000 plane will go about 8,000 special stamp cachets. The proceeds .will help finance the world tour, on which the aviatrix hopes to gather data important to possible commercial routes. LOOK INSIDE FOR- .TAMES C. flfcREYNOLDS .Complamers Scored by Supreme Court Justice PAGE 2 Railroad Union C'liefs ' Will Seek Wage Boost PAGE B O'Dell-Klornp Scrap on Thursday's Card PAGE 9 Review Given of Iowa Drainage Work by CCC PAGE s : SAYSMAINDUTY 'FORGOTTEN'BY MANY ON COURT Professor Corwin Declares Federal Constitution Broad Document WASHINGTON, (tp)--Professot Edwaid S. Corwin o£ Princeton university asserted Wednesday a majority of the supreme court members had "forgotten their supreme obligation" to interpret the constitution as a broad document written for "an undefined future." The gray haired, bespectacled professor of constitutional lart testiCied before the senate judiciary committee in behalt of President Roosevelt's court reorganization program. Corwin confessed that when he first read of the president's plan he was "a bit startled," but said that "upon further reflection" he "became convinced the president had grasped the realities of the situation." Hasn't Changed mind. "I haven't come upon anything in His course of the discussion that has made me change my mind in that regard," lie added. Speaking from notes, Corwin said the "doctrines of the court majority involve the administration's entire program in a fog of doubt." " fog," lie asserted with emphasis "can be dispelled in a reasonable time only by a reiritev- pretation p.f the constitution in the light of the mearing given it by the "founders " " -"·»-·--*««'-- The witness said the supreme court' majority had also failed- to live up to one of the fundamentals of the Inw--that an act of congress should be held constitutional unless it was found to be invalid "beyond a reasonable doubt." Has Been Opposed. Speaking with growing emphasis, Corwin declared the .supreme court "has repeatedly chosen the course which set it against the other branches of government," although "the vast majority of new deal legislation could have been sustained by well-established constitutional doctrine." "It is obvious that a law is not invalid beyond all reasonable doubt when four eminent justices hold it is sound," he said. He condemned amendment of the constitution "to meet this situation" as "unnecessary and impractical." minimum Wage Laws. . Corwin noted that minimum wage laws had repeatedly been declared unconstitutional, although ten justices who passed upon the question had favored the acts and only seven had opposed them. Such a situation was possible, he explained, only because the seven justices had remained on the bench for an exceptionally long time, while the ten favoring minimum wage laws had held office for such relatively short periods that they could never muster a majority. "That is not a government by law," he exclaimed. "It is a government by chance." He summed up his testimony with the statement: "I believe the president's proposal tends to rescue the constitution from a disabling and nullifying flaw." No Permanent Solution. Corwin added, however, that he did not regard the plan as a "permanent solution," because "it would not prevent a recurrence of the same difficulty." When Senator Neely (D-W. Va.) inquired whether the witness believed an amendment to increase the power of congress would "imperil our system of government," Corwin replied: "I'm quite a conservative on this subject. I believe the constitution is sufficient for our needs, if it is given a chance." Under questionoing by Senator King (D-Utah) he testified it was "very difficult to say" whether the framers of the constitution intended to give the court power to overthrow acts of congress. 4 Burn to Death as Fire Destroys Home CAYLOR, Va., W)--Four persons were burned to death, Wednesday in a fire that destroyed the farm home of Granville Ayers, 28, who escaped with his oldest child. Ayers' wife, n three day old baby, a two year old daughter, and a hired girl all burned to dealh. KGLO "Mike" Takes to Street STORY ON PAGE 3 One of the Interviews on Tuesday's first "Man in the Street" program Was caught by the photographer as Conductor II, B. Hook interviewed IHrs. Clarence Folkcrs of Allison. The scene is in front of the First National bank's slcel-urillcil windows, where the KGLO feature will lie broadcast every week day through the courtesy of Peterson Roofing company of Mason City. (Lock Photo, Kaycnay Enjrravinjr) To Spend Bonus Money to Seek Release From Prison Iowa Lifer Has Peiraission.' L -~to.Einapce Use of Lie--v' Defector. By GEORGE MILLS Iowa Daily Tress Bureau. , DES MOINES--Lifer Jack Gaskill will spend his war service bonus money in an effort to regain his freedorri from a Fort Madison cell by means ot a lie detector. Gov. Nels G. Kraschel has given Gaslcill, in prison 13 years for murder, official permission to finance bringing a lie detector to the state penitentiary, it was learned Wednesday. The governor, however, is reported to have informed Gaskill that he would not be bound to commute the sentence on the basis ot tlie experiment. Presence of a member of the state bureau of investigation is another requirement of the arrangement. Has Served 13 Years. Gaskill, 36, has been in the penitentiary since April 8, 1924. He was committed from Polk county on a charge of shooting and killing James Griffin, a railroad detective, Nov. 15, 1923, in the railroad yards here. He maintained his innocence throughout the trial and in his numerous hearings before the state board ot parole since conviction. He now believes Ihe lie detector will'prove he did not fire the four shots which killed Griffin. Frank Miles, editor of the Iowa Legionairc, said Gaskill, an overseas veteran, undoubtedly drew the maximum bonus of 51,575. Tliis amount may have been reduced through earlier loans, however, 'he editor said. Gaskill was among the first members of the American Expeditionary force to reach France, Miles added. Wants Uc Detector. Gaskill is reported-(o be seeking to briiiR an expert and a lie detector to Fort Madison from the criminology laboratories ot Northwestern university in Chicago. Such a detector recently was used on a prisoner in Chicago about to he electrocuted for a crime carrying conviction ot the death penalty. The detector, however, indicated that the prisoner lied when he denied his guilt. The electrocution followed. Cecil Micklo, accused of beiru; an accomplice of Gaskill, also was sentenced to lite on the charge. Mick)? turned state's evidence, according to parole board records, and pinned the actual shooting on Gaskill. Report Nazi Plans for New Protests WASHINGTON, (IP)--Responsible persons said Wednesday German Ambassador Hans Luther intended to lodge new representations with the American government over references made to Adolf Hitler by Mayor Laguardia of New York. The ambassari6r made r.n appointment to confer with Secretary Hull Wednesday afternoon. ARGUES BILL TO BAR TAX AID TO FARM BUREAUS Pigeonholes Mason Act by Returning Proposal to Committee. DBS MOINES, (fP)-- The Iowa enate adopted 45 to 0, and sent to the house Wednesday compromise amendments to the homestead tax relief bill to grant tax ·eductions for an estimated 300,000 Iowa home owners. After adopting the compromise lomestead bill amendments, the senate went through the formally of re-passing the bill by a 4G o 0 vote. Immediately after approving .he homestead measure, the senate irgued for a short time over a bill V Senator E. I. Mason (D) of Brooklyn to bar tax aid for Farm Bureaus, then pigeonholed the proposal by sending it back to the agriculture committee. Supporters on Hand. While debate was in progress, a crowd which included many Farm Bureau supporters partially tilled the senate galleries. Walter Beam, senate secretary, estimated 'he crowd as about 200. Senate approval of the homestead bill amendments marked another step in the proposal's lengthy political and legislative history. If the compromise is adopted by the house the bill will go to Gov. Nelson G. Kraschel for his signature. TOWNS BOMBED Loyalists Claim 2 Cities Virtually Demolished by Air Raids. MADRID, (/P)--The -governmenl reported Wednesday its massed bombing fleets had virtually demolished the important towns of Siguunza and Brihucga behind the insurgent front lines in the Guad- akijani sct'lor. Outlining the success of its campaign of terror to demoralize what was described as Italian peasant soldiery, tlie government declared 8 tons of bombs were dropped and 1,000.000 machine gun bullets were fired into the retreating ranks of the disorganized insurgents on the northeastern front. Some 25 bi-motored bombers and 60 pursuit planes were reported to have been massed into one gigantic fleet for the raids. Only Smoking Ruins. The returning flyers reported that they could see from the sky the towns of Siguenza and Bri- hucga were only wastes of smoking vnins after the terrific bombardment. Government held Trijuequc, the birdrncn said, had been virtually blown out of existence by insurgent aitillcry bombardment. The insurgents, in retaliation lor their reported defeat on the Guada l a j a r a front some 45 miles northeast of the capital, opened the heaviest bombardment in wcekf against the heart of the city. First Warning Shell. The first warning shell screamed over the Gran Via--'one of Madrid's important business streets --at 10:45 a. m., and crashed into a building causing at least five casualties. Government flyers in the mass raids that provoked the bombardment in some instances flew so low thf? insurgent columns they were almost hedge-hopping. As tliey swooped down they ma- chinoRLinned trucks loaded with soldiers and straggling columns of infantry. Many of the flyers reported seeing the trucks burst into, flames as 'they passed. Woman Gives Birth to Two Babies but They're Not Twin: NAPLES, Italy, (If)--Signora Cesira Antoniani gave birth to a boy and girl simultaneously Wednesday, hut, physicians paradoxically said, the babies were nol twins. The attending doctors describee the birth as an extraordinarily rare phenomenon, for while the girl was born after the norma period of gestation, the boy was born two months prematurely. he will approve the measure. The main feature of the amendments drafted by a joint house and senate committee limits the homestead tax refunds to owner SEPARATE MOTOR VEHICLE, BUREAU DES MOINES--The house motor vehicle c o m m i t t e e planned to introduce on the floor Thursday an amendment to the bill passed by the .senate which would restore to it the provision for n separate motor vehicle division. The senate struck out that provision, retaining supervision over the department in the secretary of state's office. A showing that the plan would cost less money rather than more than the present plan is said to have, been largely responsible for the house committee's action. occupied homes, whereas before, some classes of home owners might have received the refunds i C they were residents ot Iowa but did not live in their properties. I'rovislons of Bill. As approved by the senate, tlio b i l l would use receipts of the state sales n n d income taxes as follows: 1. .fS,500,000 a n n u a l l y for old age pensions, which sponsor.? .said would permit addition ot about 30,000 aged. 2. $2,0(10,000 annually for relief. 3. The remainder, about' $11, 000,000, for reduction of taxes on owner-occupied farm and city homes up to 25 mills reduction on the first $2,500 of each home's assessed valuation. During debate over whether In send the Farm Bureau aid bill back to committee Mason was as vehement in denunciation of Farm Bureaus as he was last week when the bill first came up. Tells "Sordid Story." He declared tlie "people of Iowa" should hear the "sordid story of the Farm Bureaus," and announced he had come to the senate "with an asbestos suit." "Why can't they take the heat," he demanded. Mason said GO clays had elapserl since bill was first introduced and contended it needed no f u r t h e r committee study. "Sixty days wasn't enough," replied Senator Howard Baldwin (D) of Cascade. "I'm in favor of giving it the death sentence." The motion of Senator Lester Gillette (D) of Fostoria to pigeonhole the bill by sending it to committee, then carried by a vote oC 39 to 9. When the clerk came to Mason's name in the roll call the Farm Bureau foe shouted: "A thousand no's. Eject Bureau Members. Earlier in Ihe day's session the Farm Bureau members were ejected w h i l e the senate went into executive session, asked by Mason to "clear up n slight misunderstanding," Mason refused to dis-

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