The Mason City Globe-Gazette from Mason City, Iowa on January 23, 1945 · Page 1
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January 23, 1945

The Mason City Globe-Gazette from Mason City, Iowa · Page 1

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Tuesday, January 23, 1945
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NORTH IOWA'S DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME H I S T O R Y A N D A R C H I V E S DCS "THE NEWSPAKR THAT ···-·. i -~,.'.,: : .-::vS\i'^».?s-ir^5^,-?)ffSs i 3s»ea'-s« ; A-! ; HOME EDITION MAKES ALL MOUTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS" VOL.U Pros and United Pnss Full Leucd Win* - (Vtv* Cents a Copy) MASON CITY, IOWA. TUESDAY, JANUARY S3. 1945 Thlx Paper Consists of Two Sections--Section On* NO. THREATEN TO GUT OFF EAST PRUSSIA Yanks Smash Into St. Vith as German Retreat Turns to Rout CONTINUE ROUT OF NAZI ARMY German Rearguards Offer Only Resistance to Yanks in St Vith Paris, (iP) -- The first army fought house to house Tuesday in St. Vith, delivering the knockout to the Ardennes salient, while the disorganized and broken remnams of 3 routed German armies reeled back eastward under the most savage air, onslaught of the war. The 7th' armored division entered St. Vith at dawn. Its fall was imminent. Soon after sunup, American planes started their 2nd straight day of relentless attack on t h e Joe. . . . . . . Only German rearguards fought in,the streets oj St. Vith. Germans to" the "east were laying down heavy, shell fire from dug : in positions in an effort to protect the retreat from the evaporated bulge. ..'A' first · army : spokesman ' described resistance as "moderate," but the 7th armored division and attached parachute-infantry were having to blast the nazis out of a house at a time. The ah? force was giving ground troops close support and ranging far behind the lines all the .way to the Mason Cityan in German Prison Taken by Russians Family Awaiting Official Word of Release of Prisoners With the announcement Monday by Premier v Staiin of the capture of Oplag prison camp 64, official information on the release of prisoners there has be'en awaited in'Mason City. Capt. Bill Whorley of Mason City, who has been a- prisoner of war of ihe Germans since 1 last June, was interned in this camp. C. W. Whorley, father of the war prisoner, heard Alex Drier.on the NBC network Tuesday morning state that release of 1,000 American prisoners to the Russians had taken place. Capt. Clyde Herring, Jr., of Des Moines, son of the former United States senator . from Iowa, had also been interned in this camp, Mr. Whorley stated. . Oplag 64 is south and west of Poznan, Poland, one of 3 big objectives in the present Russian drive. . . _ . *:\^liUt£al ^talouJationsytiridicated an :ViSw-'igrtef.$j^5.qS%°disffuctipft' '-^than Mofiday. -when 158jpieces "of Road to Berlin 1. Eastern Front: 150 m i l e s (Moscow radio). 2. Western Front: 310 m i l e s (Linnich-Julich-Duren area). 3. Italian Front: 544 m i l e s (Reno river). * east of '.the jHaguehau forest in «rkir^*KAWrt ·ATe'ir.a ' - ' . ' · · - ·' -" ' - · · ·'- northern Alsace. Mofiday. wtieri;4;158.:pieces r o£ heavy .\Gernian: 1 ; equipment were destroyed pir disabled., .Figures''for the 9th" air -force attack force alone by 2:30 p. m. totalled 464 trucks destroyed and 567 damaged; 14 armored vehicles destroyed and 18 . damaged;. (32 railcars destroyed and 123 damaged. These figures did not include exploits of the 19th and 29th attack-forces, which had'not reported. ' '.:·'. . , it was a clear day and the skies were blotted only by enormous pillars of black smoke curling from German columns caught by the fleet P38 and PIT fighter bombers. The'' air-ground teamwork was perfect; with the planes pumping their bombs into some enemy positions scarcely 300 yards from 1st army tanks.. Northeast of St. Vith, Maj. Gen. Matthew B. Ridgeway's 18th airborne corps was having trouble keeping up with the fast pace of enemy retreat. West of the town, the 30th" division neared Maldange and Braunlauf. The 84th division driving up from the sputhwest pushed a mile and a half east-of Beho. The Germans still were pressing against the TJ. S. 7th army In \ northern Alsace, but supreme :· headquarters said that the front VI from Bitche to Raguenan to 'r Strasbourg remained substantially unchanged with actions limited to local engagements. There was no confirmation of a. Berlin declaration that the Germans had captured the major base of Haguenau, 15 miles north of Strasbourg. (The German communique asserted t h a t the U. S. 7th army front had "collapsed" north and direction of the.-M o Te r(river) sector," to/the south, the official e«emy. report added, "In hot pursuit; our troops captured forts of the Magiriot line and liberated a vast area of old German territory including the towns of Nieder- broon, Reichshoffen, Woerth and Froschweiler."} Lt. Gen. Alexander M. Patch disclosed that . elements of the French first army were operating with his 7th army in the nine miles area north of Strasbourg to Gambsheim. The Germans attacked twice Sunday night near Kilstett, six miles north of the city, and were beaten back with the loss of 300 prisoners. A German attack in battalion strength was repulsed at the southeast edge of the Bitche salient in the snow shrouded woods. French poilus attacking the southerp rim of the Colmar pocket cleared out the main suburbs of Mulhouse and reached Cernay. They overran German strongholds elsewhere along the line. First army patrols which entered St. Vith at daybreak had been checked temporarily by road blocks. On the south elements of the third army's 17th airborne division closed to within nine miles southwest of the town. The seventh armored division and supporting infantry captured Hnnnangen Monday night and moved over intervening 1,500 yards into St. Vith early Tuesday. The retreating Germans were subjected to terrible attrition by the allied air forces and by Amer- can artillery. Heavy shellfire was poured into nazi ranks from long toms and heavy howitzers. Wallace, Jones Will Appear Before Senate Washington, (/P) -- Senate committee consideration of Henry A. Wallace's nomination as commerce secretary was delayed Tuesday by a 10-to-2 decision · to »take up -first legislation ^tHat , jwoiild-^strip i him of lending "authority^ ·'"· V .''."' .'"''^ 'Immediately, '-"· Chairman- Bailey (D., N; Car.), of · the commerce committee, announced that both Wallace and Jesse Jones, who was asked to leave office to make room for the former vice president, would be invited to a public hearing on the legislation Wednesday. afternoon hi the caucus room of the senate office building. Another invitation 'went out to Senator George (D., Ga.), sponsor of the bill to re-establish the loan functions of the RFC and other important lending agencies under a separate head. George appeared before the committee Tuesday to argue for his proposal. Bailey told reporters after the closed session that "we don't intend to delay this matter." However, he emphasized that the committee intends to dispose of the George bill before it acts on the bitterly contested nomina- 70 SUPERFORTS BOMBNAGOYA PLANE CENTER B-29's Operate for 1st Time Under Lemay; Hit Industrial Japan Pearl Harbor, (U.R)--The Tokyo radio said about 70 Superfortress- es from the Marianas raided the Japanese homeland aircraft center of Nagoya for 2 hours Tuesday. The war department, announcing the raid, said the B-29's "again struck at the .center of industrial Japan." A communi- que gave no details of the attack by the Superfortresses operating under a new commander, Maj. Gen. Curtis Lemay. The Japanese 'claimed "fierce Interception" interfered with the several formations' of biff bombers that they were able to do only "slight" damage. They said nothing however, of any American planes shot down or damaged. Destruction of 140 Japanese aircraft and damaging of 100 more by planes of the 3rd. fleet in destructive attacks Sunday (Tokyo time) on Formosa and the adja- REDS FIGHT IN BUDAPEST--Soviet troops advance in Budapest in their fight to clear the enemy from, the capital city, according to Moscow caption accompanying this photo. Americans Push Nearer Clark Field Airstrips tion. Senator Pepper (D., Fla.) said the committee decided, over his vigorous protest, to start hearings on the measure introduced by Senator George (D., Ga.) Wednesday afternoon with Jesse Jones, whom Wallace would displace, as a witness. "It obviously is a move to make passage of Senator George's bill. a condition precedent to a vote on Mr. Wallace's confirmation," Pepper told a reporter, adding that the former vice president also would be a witness. Senate opposition to the proposed cabinet shift echoed, meanwhile, in the house with a brief but sharp exchange between the democratic and republican leader- cent Sakishima and Pescadore island^iwere disclosed in a Pacific fleet communique. . Tokyo said the carrier-based 'assault on the Formosa area had gone Into a 2nd day Mondjiy. with aj tetal'- force ;of" 1,W«' jilines »t- taclimg^ Japanese,-installations .in the 2-day period. Eighty-five of the raiders were shot down and 68 damaged. Tokyo said. The Japanese radio also said American Lightning fighter planes had joined land-based bombers for the first ti."vie in attacking Formosa. Apparently from Philippines bases, 80 Lightnings and 20 Liberators raided southern Formosa for_ 3 hours Sunday, Tokyo said. w The report of the large-scale land-based assault was not confirmed immediately, but Gen. Douglas Mac Arthur's communi- que reported that · patrol planes from the Philippines bombed the harbor at Takao, Formosa, by night and shot down an enemy float plane in the Okinawa islands by day. Adm. Chester W. Nimitz's Pacific fleet communique disclosed that carrier planes from Adm. William F. Halsey's 3rd fleet also inflicted heavy damage on shipping and ground installations in the Formosa area Sunday. Incomplete reports said at least 2 large ships, docks and the in- ship. dustrial area were set afire at Takao, Japanese naval base on the southwest coast of Formosa, and "considerable damage" was inflicted on shipping at Keelnng, | ·"-"-" Toshien and Nan Wan harbors on| T " e Formosa, at Alalco in the Pesca-1 Cuyapo, dores and in the Sakishima islands. Forty-three enemy planes were shot down in aerial combat, 97 were destroyed on the ground and approximately 100 more were EXPECT FALL OF BAMBAN SOON Capture Capas in DrivertorManila\; ~'·$$ : ; General: · MacAftiuir's ~'" Hei'S quarters, Luzop, (U.PJ^Vanguards of the American 14th corps drove to within sight of Bamban and the first of the Clark field airstrips only 53 miles north of Manila Tuesday. Capas, 4 miles northeast of Bamban and 56 miles north of Manila; fell Monday in the swift American advance down the main highway to the Philippines capital and it appeared likely that Bamban also would be captured by dusk Tuesday. Resistance continued negligible. Though earlier reports indicated the Japanese might make a stand at Bamban, headquarters now anticipated no more than a delaying action. Optimism rose that all 11 of Clark field's valuable airstrips soon may be in American hands. The Americans also further strengthened their eastern _anc western flanks against the possibility of a Japanese counter-attack as the invasion of Luzon went into its 3rd week. One column thrusting down the west coast of Luzon beyond the Zambalos mountains reached Infanta, 74 miles north of Bataan peninsula, after clearing the en- damaged in attacks on Formosan airdromes at Heito, Choshu. Matsuyama, Eiko. Kuputsua,. Giran, IKoshen and Taien. Brewer Case Continued in Osage Court Osage, W)--District Judge M. iT. Kepler Tuesday continued until ?eb. 6 the case of Mrs. Helen Brewer, former Iowa bus queen who is charged with assault with intent to commit murder. The case was scheduled to open Tuesday. Mrs. Brewer filed a motion for- continuance, based on an affidavit of a Mason City doctor that she was confined to a hospital and was unable to attend the trial. FJpyd County Sheriff B. F. Ath- ertoh has accused Mrs. Brewer of attacking him with a club when he and. a deputy went lo the farm of her father last November with a search warrant in a hunt for stray calves. YANK BODIES FOUND IN BELGIAN FIELD--In a snow covered field at Five Corners, near Malmedy, Belgium, American soldiers check the bodies of fallen Yanks for identification. A few Americans, who escaped from this sector, told of Germans shooting a group of American prisoners here. ' ·;··" NEAR MANDALAY Southeast Asia Command Headquarters, Kandy, Ceylon, (/P)-British forces closing in on Mandalay. have driven to within 25 miles of the city on .the west anc 40 miles' on the north, a com- munique announced Tuesday. GEN. HANFORD MACNIDER In Philippine Campaign eastern wing capturei 30 miles northeast o Capas, and Anao. 5 miles south west of Cuyapo, sent patrols 01 (o nearby Mt. Balungao and bea off a Japanese Banzai charge nea Damortis at (he northeastern til of the invasion area. Gen. Douglas MacArthur riis closed that 5 divisions and a spe cial regimental combat team-- otal of 75,000 to 100,000 troop: vere fighting on Luzon, divide nto 2 corps. Spearheading the advance on Manila, Maj. Gen. Oscar W. Griswold's 14th corps captured both !apas, 11 miles south of Tarlac, and Santa Monica, 8',4 miles'east of Capas, Monday. \ dozen smaller villages were overrun .in the advance and a front dispatch said patrols were probing the Bamban river valley within sight of .both of .Bamban' and the Bamban airstrip, northernmost of the -Clark field" constellation. The 14th corps sent one column branching out 1 to the west toward Camp Oltonncll. 8M: miles from Capas. where a large number of American war prisoners formerly were confined. Lt. Warren Brandon of Forest Hills, N. Y-, who flew over the camp in an observation plane, saic the Japanese had set fire to native villages in the area. He saw a skirmish under way, apparently between Japanese and Filipino guerrillas. The Japanese may make their first strong stand north of Manila in the Fort Stotsenberg area, 10 miles southwest of Bamban. They were known to have strong forces at the fort, where MacArthur"s father, Lt. Arthur MacArthur once was commandant. The 14th corps comprises Ma] Gen. Robert F. Beightlcr's 37th 200 FORTS HIT YARDS AT NEUSS 14 Fighters Lost in Transport Attack London, (/P)--Two hundred Fly ing Fortresses bombed the railway yards at Neuss, on the western edge of the Ruhr, in at quick fol lowup Tuesday to a triple nigh assault on reich targets by mor than 500 British Lancasters Halifaxes. The American bombers were escorted by 100 Mustangs. The Neuss yards were attacked Monday by divebombers of the continent-based TJ. S. 9th air force and almost 1,000 cars were destroyed or damaged. Tuesday the heavy American bombers dumped more than 600 tons of explosives among the debris. The Neuss yards have served as a junction for traffic between the Ruhr and the western front. A synthetic oil plant at Duisburg vas set afire by the British flyers, triking within 5 miles of the spot vhere American heavy bombers Honday dealt a telling blow to the Stcrkrade fuel plant. _ The air ministry announced that 2 bombers failed to return from the night operations, Monday's reported toll-of 4,158 pieces of German transport destroyed or disabled by allied aircraft was achieved at a cost to the U. S. air forces of 14 fighters and one fighterbomber, all victims of ;round fire. Say Subasic Will Ignore Dismissal London, (/P)-- An authoritative urceCsaid ;Tuesday that Dr. Ivan Jubasic,: vith British'.'.approval, 1 would ignore the request of King Peter of Yugoslavia that he resign as premier of the Yugoslav government-in-exile, and w o u l d proceed with Marshal Tito in the establishment of a federal democratic regime in his country. Meanwhile, Peter, in an attempt o avoid appointment of a regency, ias handed the task ot forming a new royal government to Milan roll, Serbian anti-Tito leader and former foreign minister. Dr. Subasic summoned his cabinet to consider steps to be taken in view of Monday night's royal pronouncement ousting the .cabinet. Indicative of the Subasic government's stand was the absence of pictures of Peter which until Tuesday morning had appeared on the desks and walls of the offices of the premier and his ministers. One high-ranking Yugoslav official described Peter's move as a "coup ti'etat which backfired." Subasic met with his dismissed cabinet for more than 3 hours and Yugoslav quarters expressed belief that a fusion government with Tito as premier nnd Subasic as foreign minister might be announced within the next 10 days. ENTER POZNAN ONLY 137 MILES FROM BERLIN ., Report Troops Push : on Breslau, Oppeln . in Silesia Battle . BULLETIN L o n d o n , (/T) -- Russian troops driving westward through East Prussia have struck to within less than 21 miles of Konigsberg, capturing Lablau. Marshal Stalin announced in a 3rd order of the day. London, (#"J -- Red army troops have thrust within 22 miles of completing a gigantic cut-off of all East Prussia, and the trapping of perhaps 30 German divisions, Premier - Marshal Stalin disclosed Tuesday night. Reports from Berlin meanwhile said the Russians had burst.into Poznan, 137 miles from Berlin on the direct route, and Stalin announced the capture of Byd- goszcz, southern guardian of the Polish corridor. Biting halfway across the western end of East Prussia, the 2nd White Russian army seized Saalfeld, only 22 miles below Elbing, Baltic coastal town and last land escape gap for Germans in East Prussia, Stalin declared in an order of the day. Soviet troops were but 50 miles southeast of Danzig. Marshal Gregory Zhukov's 1st White Russian army rampaging through Poland captured Byd- goszcz at the entrance to the Polish corridor farther southwest, cutting a main supply line from Berlin to East Prussia. Street fighting in Poznan, last bastion city short of the releh frontier, was reported in the Stockholm -dispatch from Berlin. " Soviet .troops to- the south'-'in Silesia were driving on" "" Ci »--^~' ·" Nazis Say Himmler at Eastern Front London, (/P)--Adolf Hitler has sent Heinrich Himmler and ''his best army commanders" to the eastern front with "full powers to make drastic decisions and to guarantee their execution," the Berlin radio announced Tuesday. Himmler, gestapo chieftain and commander of the German home army, was dispatched to the east because the situation "at focal points" called for "iron-willed men like him," said the broadcast by Transocean news agcncyi Transocean quoted the German army newspaper, "Front and Home," as saying Himmler and his aides could be relied upon to restore the situation "as we have mastered many difficult situations." Weather Report and Map. Gen. Rapp Brush's 40th divisions, all veterans ,of jungle fighting in the Solomons, The first corps'under Maj. Gen. nsis P. (Bull) Swift, holding down the eastern flank, steadily was driving the Japanese deeper into (be hills flanking the Luzon plains. In addition to capturing Cuyapo and Anao, the first corps knocked out several light tanks and tank- ettes in thwarting enemy attempts to infiltrate its lines hear San Elon. ,, In the first corps are Mai. Edwin Patrick's 6th, Maj. Gen. Charles L, Mullins' 25th and Maj. Gen. Leonard F. Wing's 43rd divisions, along with Brig. Gen. Hanford MacNider's 1581h regimental combat team. Mason and FORECAST City: Fair Tuesday night and Oppeln, and might have "temporarily" reached the Oder river, the Germans said* Stalin in an order of the day proclaimed the capture of Byd- goszcz, a main rail-highway junction at the entrance to the Polish corridor 87 miles below Danzig. It is 65 miles northeast of Poznan. This tlirusf, by part of marshal Gregory Zhukov's forces sweeping across Poland from Warsaw, susc- sored a principal rail route from Berlin feeding supplies to German defenders of East Prussia, the Prussian military caste homeland being carved up by 2 tremendous offensives. ' Stalin's order on Bydgoszcz saluted 20 generals and 27 other commanders, and described the city as a powerful strongpoint on the lower reaches of the Vistula river. A Swiss dispatch said German commanders from all fronts had met at German supreme headquarters Saturday to plot steps to halt Stalin's steamroller drives, and that far-reaching decisions had been reached concerning employment of reserves from other fronts. Already, said a dispatch from the western front, German divisions have been shifted from Gen. Eisenhower's front to meet the Russians in the east. Other soviet armies driving tn seal off East Prussia were reported within 37 miles of the port of Elbing, in the northwest corner of the Junkers province on the bay of Danzig. The capital of Konigsberg was menaced with encirclement. The German high command said Marshal Gregory Zhukov's cross- Poland drive had reached the area "east of Poznan," 140 miles from Berlin. Moscow radio did not specify the point reached within ISO miles of the reich capital. A French broadcast said Zhukov'a men were already in Poznan's outskirts, Moscow dispatches said Marshal Ivan Konev's forces h a d broken into the first defense line in Silesia, which runs from Oeis to Namslau to Breslau at 5 places, and were within sight of the Oder, shelling enemy fortifications on the opposite bank of that last big river barrier before Berlin. The Wednesday; no decid_ed change in temperature: lowest Tuesday night about 15 above. Iowa: Generally fair Tuesday night and Wednesday. No decided change in temperature except a little warmer in east portion Tuesday night. Minnesota: Partly cloudy .with no decided change in temperature Tuesday night and Wednesday. IN MASON CITY Globe-Gazette Weather Statistics: Maximum Monday 27 Minimum Monday 11 at 8 a. m. Tuesday 21 YEAR AGO: . Maximum 46 Minimum 8 Oder flows through the heart of Silesia and Brandenburg province joining the sea at Stettin. It bulges within 40 miles of Berlin. Co-ordinated red army offensives rapidly were carving up East Prussia. Zhukov's army had cut half way across the base of the Polish corridor. Marshal Konstantin Rokossov- sky's double-pronged drive into east Prussia from the south was hammering toward Elbing, only 33 miles southeast of Danzig, and had closed off a main.German rail escape route. Hitting in from t h e east, Marshal I v a n Cherniakhovsky spearheads were within 25 miles of Konigsberg. Only 70 miles separated Chtr- niakhovsky's and Rokossovsky's forces in East Prussia. At the 0

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