The Mason City Globe-Gazette from Mason City, Iowa on January 16, 1943 · Page 4
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January 16, 1943

The Mason City Globe-Gazette from Mason City, Iowa · Page 4

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Saturday, January 16, 1943
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^ MASON CITY GLOBE-GAZETTE MASON CITY GLOBE-GAZETTE Ao A. W. LEK U«ued Every Week Da? by the MASON CITY GLOtE-GAZCTE COMPANY 121-213 Cut SUM SttMt Telephone No. SlOO Gnured u MCon4*cl£5» matter Aprlj 17. 1930. at the post. aCflc* at Mason City. IOWA, under the act ot March 3, 1878. LEE P. LOOMIS - - ---;:-. Publisher W. EARL HALL Managing Editor ENOCH A. NOREM City Editor LLOYD L. GEER - Advertising Manager MEMBER ASSOCIATED PRESS--T« Associated Preu la exclusively entitled to the use for rfcpublicstion of all news dispatches eredlud to U or not otherwise credited In this paper and also the local news published herein. , tVU. I.MSFD WIRE SERVICE BY UNITED PRESS MEMBTR IOWA DAILY PRESS ASSOCIATION, with Oca Momtj news and business ofUcss at 405 Shops Building. SUBSCBIPTION BATES Uucn City and Cieax Lake. Mason City and Clear Lake, Oy the year J10.00 by the week S .20 OUTSIDE MASON CIT* AMU CLEAB LAKE A.\- WITHIN 100 9ULES Or MASON CUV Peryear by carrier. ..S10.0U By nialj B months..3^5 Per week by carrier, .t .20 By maU3monma..$i.75 ftt year by maU $6.00 By mail 1 month...!-CO OUtBlDE lot MILE ZONE Par st. 110.00 « montia 15.30 3 months $3.00 i month (1.00 lowd's New Governor Off to a Good Start B OURKE HICKENLOOPEK'S inaugural address lived fully up to expectations from every point of view and definitely put his administration off to a good start. While containing an excellent guide for legislative effort in the three months ahead, the address was presented in a manner to make it clear beyond misunderstanding that the new governor does not seek a dictatorial role in Iowa state government. The section of the talk which drew heartiest response from the audience, including members of the house and senate, was that in which Mr. Hickenlooper admonished against any additional state taxation. With respect to the state income tax, he suggested the possibility of a "halving" for this year but it the legislature found a way to go further, he most assuredly would not object. In this address, as in the campaign, he avoided promise which would be larger than the likely fulfillment. It was in order to call attention to the pressing need for an increase of pay to low-salaried state employes, an increase sufficient to cover the rise in living costs. His call for retrenchment in government services--state and national -- also was timely and warranted. It was good too to hear him stressing the "prime importance" o£ · maintaining education on the highest possible level. * * » F OR this newspaper, there was special gratification in his reference to the curse of a long Ballot often alluded to in these columns. On this r.e spoke as follows: "The problems, difficulties and confusion that occur in connection with our long primary ballot should, as soon as practicable, receive consideration by this or succeeding legislatures. Efficient public government is best served when there 'is the greatest possible opportunity for informed voting by the citizen. This sentiment has been expressed by countless Iowa voters. "A fair correction of this situation, in such instances where confusion does exist, would be a progressive step in the satisfactory exercise of franchise by the people but would probably entail substantial changes, in some instances, in our election laws. The legislature may consider, that, under the tension of this emergency such changes should or should not be made. I call it to your attention as one of the fields for improvement in our public government." * * * TN ADMONISHING against drastic government ·*· change, Governor Hickenlooper hit upon a new and significant note. He took the position that with 100,000 lowans now in service and, in effect, disfranchised for the duration, and with this number likely to grow to 200,000, "it would be unfair to experiment with or substantially alter functions of government in their absence." His warning against the federal trend toward bureaucracy and regimentation, often involving encroachment upon state sovereignty, struck a responsive chord, as did his insistence that there be an unshakable resolve to maintain the traditional and constitutional balance between the three branches of government--legislative, judicial and executive. Nobody with a yearning for dictatorial powers would have spoken as he did on this occasion. Through the whole address was a fine patriotic note, a fitting tribute to the lowans who are in the fighting forces and a compliment to those who serve and sacrifice on the home front. There was reflected a genuine vision of the worid of peace and order to. be created after victory has come. * * * rpHEN his concluding appeal for a partnership A arrangement as between him and the legislature, in these impressive words: "Due to the care and vigilance of the administration of the past four years, our state is in splendid condition to meet the contingencies that may occur. I know that you will guard the public interest with judgment and integrity; I shall respect your province and your responsibilities. It will be our mutual objective to conduct the public affairs of Iowa in the public interest, for the preservation of the ideals of free men and for the happiness and progress o£ those who follow us _"Guided by the faith and wisdom of our talners, inspired by their courage and our own appreciation of our heritage, led by the proven tenets of divine mandate, we can discharge our debt to those who gave us freedom by preserving it for ourselves, by perfecting it as a greater heritage for posterity." * * * Nazi Harvest of Hate TT IS A VERY thoughtful article, which appears * in a current national magazine, relating to the use which Hitler and his associates are making of Europe's food shortages. In the occupied countries, the author says, the nazi regime is using and using successfully the shortage of food as a weapon against the allies. In France, Holland, Belgium, Poland, Norway, and other occupied lands hungry and crushed peoples are being told the reason they are starving is that the blockade does not permit them to eat. They have the visible evidence in front of their eyes that the German leaders have been engaged systematically in looting each occupied country but knowledge does not put a crust in their stomachs, and hungry people, becoming desperate, are apt to become confused in their thinking. There isn't much that can be done about it. If the peoples in occupied nations were to be supplied with food the bulk of it would be requisitioned and in turn shipped to the reich. It is the most tragic position millions of people could occupy. FORE !, G £^F AIRS Dee P |B thc Heort of Pennsylvonio £ y£^ OBSERVING SATURDAY, JANUARY 16, 1943 North Africa Suffers Same Ailment Causing France's Fall A PPARENTLY North Africa is afflicted with the *» same disease which caused the earlier fall of France. A strict censorship conceals from the world tne exact state of affairs in the French colonial empire, but there is plenty of evidence it is a headache to the American and British military authorities, who understand French politics no better than anybody else, but can't help being in the thick of it. There are representatives of every shade of French political opinion in North Africa, and they seem to be all on the make. They are jockeying for reserved seats at the ringside when France is rescued from the nazis, and in the meantime are busily cutting each other's throats. Perhaps the most surprising turn thus far was the report that the Count of Paris, royalist pretender is present and active in North Africa. Americans never did understand the nuances of French politics, least of all the curious survival of royalist and Bonapartist sympathies in the oldest European republic. But the fact seems to be that in the present chaos, when all institutions of France are scrambled and something new must be improvised, French politicians are all trying to promote their pet isms and to catch personal bandwagons. The American conclusion that the removal of Darlan might smooth out the situation was superficial. It has made matters worse by eliminating the person of heaviest individual weight in the situation. Darlan's prestige, left out of the situation, started a battle for survival--and old General Giraud won't or can't settle it. He will serve only in a military capacity. The situation is unlovely, but it can probably be settled if the Giraud group can come together solidly with the De Gaullists. However, many French officers hate De Gaulle as an upstart and protege of the British. And there are many troublemakers on the scene, some with fascist sympathies. ft is in a certain sense symbolic of the divided and distracted people who make up France that while the politicians wrangle for advantage the revitalized French army in Tunisia is doing most of the heavy fighting against the nazis, and doing it well. It ought to shame the politicos but it doesn t. They are a shameless, mad-house lot French Carry Load in Tunisia /"\UTSIDE of a growing air superiority on the ^ uwted nations side, the picture' in Tunisia would be pretty dismal were it not for the French army. They have been steadily blasting away toward the east coast in the southern part of the Province, while the British first army, our new fifth army, and Montgomery's .eighth desert army have been tied up. It probably isn't all the fault of the weather, either. The French have made headway in the same weather. As this is written the French' have slugged their way up strongly held hill positions and -at into position for a strategic final drive planned to carry them to the sea and interpose between the axis troops around Tunis and Bizerte and the Hommel Afnka Korps. That would help a lot because Rommel's estimated 60,000 men vith tanks -and motorized artillery, would be a very dangerous addition to the nazi-fascist forces in northern Tunisia. Montgomery, forced to slow down to wait for supplies on the trail of Rommel, is maneuvering x~ CC t ?Uln ^ b ? ttle " But Romme! is man *«- vering too, and he is good at it He is trying to getaway to the. west, and so far he has SmTged TM-fh° ? y + jUPPfcB out of position after position · without. letting. Montgomery get set. Some supplies are reaching him from Italy and Greece but ...... bases and from Tunisia. Rommel gets a day-long, night-long strafing from bo'h sides which seems to be destroying more of lus A n : * DS a sup P lies ttl an can be reachin" him mrn anrTr tr' 8neS are - no v at hanc ? to hammer Meanwhile from the far souTMbeIow Or ?he desert, General Le Clerc's column of Free French is hurrying north driving Italian garrisons before It. L niR TnrI-i*«iTa»l ,»..*«:*. t.., T . TS already covered and may yet pin The final destruction of the nazi "rip on "?, seems certain, but it is taking an uncom fortably long time. The Germans art stron" e c Reds Follow Up Nazi Retreat 'THE red armies are still moving ahead on the ·*· Caucasus, Don and central fronts, and in the past few days seem to b e following up a German retreat rather than fighting their way ahead it has now dawned on the Germans that they mu't get their troops out of the Caucasus or they will be put in the bag. Accordingly, the nazis are mak- ttf S h m g c °f ter-attacks east of Rostov to keen relulK £ neC p ° ?en - N ° matter hOW this acti °« result^ the Russians have won a smashing victory. They have practically reclaimed south Russia in a few weeks, destroying the fruits of Hit- lers laborious summer campaign. . ^J 1 }?, no ^ h , * he Germans are. holding firm from Velikie Luki to' Rzhev, but evidence some alarm aboiu a new Russian offensive in the Leningrad region. Moscow dispatches don't even mention this, but it has been the Russian habit recently to wait until results are definite before mentioning new drives. American and British tanks and planes, it is lor the first time reported officially in Russia ^r^h ad aT^ 1 l £ d £ with the revived Russian strength. And in Berlin the controlled press and radio is preparing the public for bad news It cannot much longer be concealed that the eastern front has cracked in disaster, that many divisions are trapped and that the bloody work of the summer was in vain. MacArthur Extends Offensive QENERAL MacARTHUR continues on the of- « fensive in New Guinea, even though the final moppmg-up of the Japanese at Buna is nol yet completed. First word of a new drive on Sala- maua 150 miles north of Buna and a major Jaoa- nese base, has been reported. Salamaua for weeks has been pasted by daily air raids, and neu- trooos have somehow been brought through the jungles and are approaching the Jap positions. rr, S i al fi mau ?, wM probab! y be a harder nut to nnrf -i " L. Buna " Therc are more Japanese there - y .S ave £tron § er Positions. The general T t amc h °wever--well dug-in jungle g Japs hanging on, while bv sea and air Americans maneuver to pin them down and prevent reinforcements reaching them This is ^r f H u B u n a ' and as il also is at Guadalcanal' AlacArihur has comfortable superiority in the" air and is using it steadily to blast Jap bases and airfields, as well as military positions. He is also managing to get heavy artillery and tanks to the jungle front, which gives him a strong advantage over the Japs REMEMBER? From Globe-Gazette Files FORTS' YEARS AGO Pete Lynch, formerly yardmaster at Marshalltown for the Iowa Central, is in the city the guest of his friend, John Feeley. The city council plans for the construction of a stone arch bridge over Willow- creek on East State street. THIRTY YEARS AGO Captain Gorman of Company A, Captain Stewart, small arms inspector for the Fifty-sixth regiment and Lieutenants Helbig and Coe are at Sioux City this week attending officers school. Nels O'Green, who had two of his ribs broken at the Mason City Brick and Tile plant a few days ago when one of the kilns that were being torn down fell on him, is reported improved this week. TWENTY YEARS AGO Maturing of the War Savings stamps and their redemption has apparently brought from their hiding places many Thrift stamps that were purchased during 2918. A shipment of 1,300 of these 25-cent stickers was sent to Washington by authorities of the Mason City postoffice a few days ago, representing S325, that the government has used for three or four years without interest. Miss Blanche Gulbranson, switchboard operator at the Jacob E. Decker and Sons packing plant, returned Monday evening from Lake Mills, where she spend the weekend visiting with friends. TEN YEARS AGO Mrs. Milton Bergland, 114 Eleventh street northeast, has returned from a few days' visit in Mitchell, S. Dak. Mr. and Mrs. Walter Walker and daughter, Elizabeth. 18 Tenth street northwest, drove to Hartley Sunday. ABOUT BOOKS By John Selby "HAPPY LAND," by MacKinley Kanlor (Coward-McCann; 51.25). T HE line between sentiment and the sentimental is pretty vague, and it is not always distinct in MacKinlay Kantor's "Happy Land." Vet this is not necessarily a disadvantage in a short book of this sort. Mr. Kantor, formerly a Webster City, Iowa, newspaper reporter, is writing about a situation that none of us will be able to view coldly for many years, if ever. "Happy Land" is the story of a young sailor's death. It is not told on the torpedoed ship, but in the Illinois town where Rusty's father and mother live. There Lew Marsh owns the "good" drug store, and his wife Agnes manages the comfortable Marsh home. The two of them are people of good will--they do not talk much about the matter, but when things need to be done the Marshes do them quietly. Their life is simple, useful and by the standards of Greenwich Village it is also deadly dull. Mr. Kantor is able to make you see that it is by no means dull, however. And Rusty is a good kid. He is too light for football, but the hurdles are his meat. He goes for a long time with a girl his people wish he would discard--and she discards him. Then he takes up with the girl nest door, and the older Marshes are pleased. Rusty goes to a school of pharmacy, and plans to help enlarge the store, and to make a life for himself in Hartfield. But something quietly comes to a focus in his mind. He sees, perhaps indistinctly but still honestly, that the navy needs him, and he enlists. In Hartfield the store goes on much as usual until one day the telegram is delivered by a frightened messenger girl. The Marshes find it hard to believe-, and harder to withstand the blow In fact, they yield to it, especially Lew Marsh." And then Mr. Kantor yields to the impulse toward fantasy that is never very far from the center of his mind: he brings back the ghost of Lew Marsh's grandfather, complete with G. A, R, uniform and gentle philosophy. I wish he had not, because a few pages beyond Grandpa Mr. Kantor also returns Rusty's buddy. And Tony would have served to do all the things Mr. Kantor makes Grandpa do, without straining the reader's credulity. In fact, Tony is a grand boy and Grandpa is a pseudo-salty old fake. But still, "Happy Land" makes a good point. GOOD HEALTH By Logon Clendening, M. D. FIGHT ON PNEUMONIA fpHIS IS pneumonia weather and we are mov- ·«· ing into the seasonal peak period of this once- dreaded disease* We face it with a great deal more confidence in our ability to control it than ever before. In 1920 the mortality from pneumonia was about 30 to 40 uer cent; in 1930 it was about 20 to 25 per cent, but in the last few years it has dropped to 7 per cent. This 7 per cent includes old people, children invalids very sick with other diseases, and those .who have been neglected in the [early stages of exposure to inclement weather after the infection got started. The mor- | tality in this group, therefore, can hardly be reduced. Pneumonia has been called [ the old man's friend because it removes him from the earth when life becomes a burden, . and there is such a thing as terminal pneumonia, which occurs in cancer and heart dis- | ease and which is really a bless- 1 ing in disguise. This great change in the Dr. Clendening mortality of pneumonia has been brought about entirely by the use of the new sulfa compounds, which really work wonders in pneumonia. The reduction in mortality between 1920 and .1930 was due probably to the use of oxygen and the use of anti-pneumococcic serum, but neither of these, or both combined, is as successful as the use of one of the sulfa compounds alone. As a matter of fact, except for rest and nursing care, in most of the hospitals with which I am acquainted, nothing is done for the pneumonia patients except to give them good doses ot the sulfa drugs with the calm expectation that they will nearly alxyays recover. The sulfonamide drugs were introduced into practice about 1935. The first one to be used was called prontosil, which was a colloid. This was quickly improved by obtaining a crystalline product called sulfanilamide. Improvements have continued in the manufacture of these products and there are now five which have quite different uses: Sulfanilamide. suliapyridine, sulfagua- nidine. sulJathiazple and sulfadiazine. It is sulfadiazine which has been found to be of the greatest benefit in pneumonia, although three of the others work very well also. Sulfa- diazine, however, combines the highest powers of antagonism to the pneumonia germ and the lowest tpxicity, or ill effect, on the patient. The only objection to it at the present time is its expense, which is higher than that of any of the other sulfonamide products. I say "antagonism to the pneumonia germ" because we do not know exactly how these products work. They do not exactly kill the germ, but they seem to stop its activity. The patient's own immune processes then come (o the rescue and kill or remove the germ from the body. These drugs have fulfilled an old dream of the medical profession: To obtain a chemical which will be antagonistic to germ life and not harmful to the human host. Questions and Answers S. L. B.--Is there any harm in a young woman with rheumatic carditis and enlarged heart having a baby? She is in perfect health otherwise. Answer--There have been many instances ot women with rheumatic heart disease who have had several babies without any harm to the heart. However, she should request a doctor's advice. Conserving Rubber k would remind you--par. ticu'arly you housewives --that because rubber is a precious commodity these days, it's wise to take extra precautions for the care of any article containing rubber. Largely it's not replaceable. It will be necessary to extend use as long as possible. High temperatures cause rubber to weaken, c r a c k , become sticky. So don't store rubber footwear in the attic or in a storage space near steampipes. And don't run an electric cord near a radiator. Sunlight is detrimental to most household articles made of rubber, too. Don't leave rubber footwear on the back porch; arrange a place for it in the basement Rubber articles in frequent contact with oil or grease swell and become spongy if not properly cleaned. Therefore, don't fail to wash rubber work shoes which come in contact with these agents. No rubber or rubberized article should be submitted to dry cleaning. Do not use gasoline to clean those white Russian boots, etc. If you are in the habit of wear- Ing rubber gloves for dishwashing, take them off before you use a copper scouring ball on the pans. Rubber coming in contact with 'copper becomes first sticky and soft, then hard and brittle. _V-A Son at Sea k can imagine that right here · in this community there's more than one mother who will find in this prayer verse from the pen o£ Margery Ruebush Shank a sentiment out of her own heart: O Cod, through lomorrow and the next day and tlie next. Watch o'er the aea! Z.et starltt nfjfhts prevail, I i!k ot Thee! Be Master of the n-aves that toss the ship upon the deep. And safely guard a little boy.l used 1 0 . rock to sleep! y Preparedness JHky think housewives will get 'jgggS. a kick out of a little recollection concerning Henrik Ibsen, the Norwegian playwright, and the ingenuity once exhibited by him on one occasion. One summer morning, while on vacation, he appeared at the home of a fellow author and asked to see the man's wife. "A button has come off my coat," he plaintively explained to her. "and I have to sew it on again. Will you please show me how to thread the needle? I'm having a lot of trouble with it." Patiently she introduced him to this delicate art and he left with profuse thanks. The following Lantern Light Lyrics By Roy Murray of Buffalo Center WIFE WANTED He advertised to get a wife, Thc response was more than fine, At least a hundred gents replied, "Dear Sir, you can have mine!" CAREFUL DRIVERS SELDOM SKID National Safely Council week the two met again, and she asked him how he was getting along with his needle threading. "Just fine," he said proudly, "I won't have to trouble you again about threading the needle. I made sure to use a thread long enough to last me all summer." --V-7 Deadly Sins ||Mgyam presenting here a col- J5^ lection of 14 unsavory human attributes. Your assignment, dear reader, is to select the more or less famous "seven traditional deadly sins:" Pride, hate, -fear, wrath, lust, lying, hypocrisy, covetousness, gluttony, cowardice, arrogance, envy, stealing and sloth. Answer: The traditional seven deadly sins are pride, wrath, lust, covetousness, gluttony, envy and sloth. --The -I DAYS GOUQUE To FRED J. WAGNER--for his elevation to the presidency of the Mason City Kiwanis club. The local group is looked upon as one of the top-flight clubs in this great international service organization and Fred Wagner is a principal reason for that fact. He has worked faithfully in the ranks and the presidency is a fitting recognition for him. In W. M. Huffman as vice president and Lester Milligan as secretary, he will have some effective help i.i guiding the local Kiwanis destinies in the year ahead. DID YOU KNOW? By Frederic J. Haskin EDITOR'S NbrE: For »n aniKer to any qnestion of fact write "Mason Cllr Clobe-GazeUe Information B u r e a n. Frederic J. Haskin. Director. Washington. D. C." Please sc4 S cents tiostage for reply. What Is an approximate figure as (o the number of persons that are ill each day of thc year? L. E. On an average day of the year there are approximately 7 million persons temporarily or permanently disabled by illness. Do the eggs of snakes vary in color like those of birds? D. W. No. Who was chief of staff during the first World war? G. L. General Tasker H. Bliss was chief of staff oi the army from October 6, 1917, to May 19. 1918. General Peyton C. March served as chief of staff from May 20, 1918 to June 30, 1920. How early were portions »f the Bible translated into English? E. E. Near the end of the eighth century. Which Is the oldest nation in the worid? V. L. China. What portion of the war dollar fs spent for aircraft and what portion for ships? I. N. It is estimated that 24 cents is spent for airplanes and 15 cents for ships. How many stage door canteens arc there? N. J. There are three, located in New York, Philadelphia and Washington, D. C. Does Japan begin its New Year on January 1st? I. D. Yes. Please give the number of Germans in the Union army during the Civil war. M. E. No figures are available as to the exact number in the federal armies. However, entire German regiments' were formed in the states of Ohio. New York, Penn- sj-lvania, Indiana, Illinois, Wisconsin and Missouri. What is the complete quotation, the last line of which reads about »s follows: "Found the warmest welcome at an inn?" J. M. "Whoe'er has traveled life's dull round. Where'er his stages may have been, May sigh to think he still has found, The warmest welcome nt an inn." What is the best lime of thc year to ring trees to kill them? C. R. Ringing may be done at any time. How much disability will veterans of thc present war receive? S, L. The amounts payable to veterans of the present war for service- connected disabilities will range from S10 per month for 10 per cent disability to S100 per month for total disability. Why did spices suddenly txcome popular in Europe in the middle ages? F. L. Food at that time was exceedingly monotonous, and usually Jo bad-tasting that it required a strong, hot flavor to disguise it. What Is the origin of the term capital punishment? D.-K^ · Capital is derived 'from the Latin capitus meaning head, and was applied to criminal law from the fact that beheading was the early form of execution. What states are included in the deep south? H. J. South Carolina to Texas. When did the Russian fleet visit the United States? N. B. In 1863. Is there a grave of an unknown soldier who served in the revolutionary war? C. HI. In April, 1929, a monument over the grave o! an unknown soldier o£ the Revolutionary war was dedicated in the burial ground of the old Presbyterian church of Alexandria, Va. When was the first citizenship law passed in the United States? F, N. On March 2G, 1790. Who wrote the hymn "Lead Kindly Light?" P. W. The Rev. John Henry Newman. What portion of milk consists of solids? A. D. Milk contains 13 per cent of solids by weight. Who was the first woman writer of mystery stories in the United States? C. N. Anna Katharine Green. How long do dollar bills usually slay in circulation? G. N. From six to nine months. What was the official tide of the allies in the last war? B. N. The allied snd associated powers. What causes people to eat dirt? The craving for dirt may be caused by lack o£ iron in the diet. FOLLOW OUR FORCES IN AFRICA WITH A GOOD MAP Our troops landing in Africa is the big news of the day, and you will want to follow their every move over there. To aid readers in keeping abreast of today's momentous events taking place on this great continent our Washington Bureau offers a MAP OF AFRICA-- in full color, 21 by 23 inches in size. Reverse side carries statistics of general interest Send for your copy of this timely offer today. Only 10 cents postpaid. --USE THIS COUPON-The Mason City Globe-Gazette Information Bureau. Frederic J. Haskin, Director Washington, D. C. ' 1 inclose herewith 10 cents in coin (carefully wrapped in pa- OF Name .............. ; ..... Street or Rural Route City ....................... State .................... (Mail to Washington, D. C.)

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