The Mason City Globe-Gazette from Mason City, Iowa on May 3, 1934 · Page 19
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The Mason City Globe-Gazette from Mason City, Iowa · Page 19

Mason City, Iowa
Issue Date:
Thursday, May 3, 1934
Page 19
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Page 19 article text (OCR)

MAY 3 1934 MASON CITY GLOBE-GAZETTE Spanish Conquerors Found Guatemala Awaiting Them Antigua Flourished as' Great City for 230 Years. EDITOR'S NOTE: This is the second of a series of three articles written by Mr. and Mr». A. L. Rule about their recent tour to Guatemala. It tells of the Spanish conquest and the destructive work ol the volcanoes. By ME. AND MRS. A. L. RULE In the year 1851 rumors began to reach the natives of Guatemala that an army of white faced warriors had come from an unknown land across the sea and were to the north of them. Thus, when'Cortez in 1523 dispatched De Alvarado from Mexico to conquer the country to the south, it was no great surprise to the natives. After some briel struggles, Alvarado readily pacifiec .the country that is now known as Guatemala, anil on July 20, 1524, he established the first Spanish citj which wag first called "The City of Our Lord Santiago," or, "Santiago de los Caballeros." I Rising- out of the high plateau - upon which the present city of Gua ~ temala is- located, but about 30 miles I west thereof, are two volcanoes · reacin* a height of about 13,00( · feet, with fertile valley between "them. The one, Agua, to the eas' ·'· and Fuego -to the northwest. Th ' valley between is pleasant, wit springs and streams trickling from · the slopes of the two volcanoes -and here the new city was built, in " t h e valley called Almolonga, mean . ing "The place of gushing water. v In September, 1541, torrentia rains began to fall and on Sept. 8 : " violent thunderstorm continue · without cessation for two days About midnight of Sept. 10 ar ! earthquake shook the city and the .-·a huge wall of water poured dow . - the side of the volcano, Agua, car I "Tying everything in its wake an the city was destroyed and man lives lost. Went Two Miles Away. The question then arose as to · · J. IIG uuconw** I..*---.- -[.whether the city should be rebuilt 1 in the Valley of Almolonga, or should a safer spot be sought, with .the result that a site about two miles distant was selected. There the new capital of Guatemala (which at that time consisted of -all of the present Central America he people fled in terror and again he capital was moved a distance f about 30 miles and the present Juatemala city was established. Loss Was $40,000,000. The loss at Antigua by the fury r Agua was estimated at an actual financial loss of approximate- y forty millions of pesos, or dol- ars. The larger proportion of this oss being s u s t a i n e d by the churches, the monasteries and the convents. The city was practically abandoned and what was formerlj a city of 200,000 inhabitants is now only a small town with mostly In dians occupying the ruins of the former grandeur. The costly cathe-! drals, monasteries and convents are a mass of shapeless ruins, tenanted by Indians and poverty stricken people who now cook, work and live in the ruins of the ancient costly structures of the destroyed city. Let us examine some of the ruins as they now stand after a lapse ot over 160 years. The church of La Merced, situated in the north central part of the city, was built in the year 1760. only 13 years before the destruction and perhaps for this reason it better withstood the onslaught of nature. The massive walls of the edifice covering perhaps in all an area of two city blocks are still standing and in fair condition. The great belfry is still standing although one corner is gone and only one bell remains hanging. The great domes, standing-at its corners, are still'in- tact and the church is in use by the natives. In the small park in front of the church, stands a magnificent fountain which is intact. Also in this park stands a marble pillar r--haps 20 feet high surmounted by a marble bust of Fray Bartolorne De Las Casas, whose father was a shipmate of Christopher Columbus. Fray Bartolome immigrated to the new world, and failing to become a priest, became a monk and spent his life for the protection and the betterment of the native Indians, who had suffered so grevious- ly under the Spanish rule. He did uch to establish peace between the icians and the Spaniards, his ser- ces being especially valuable to he crown. This bust was erected nd still stands as a memorial to im with the Crown given title. Protector of the Indians." In Shape of Cross. Far at the other side of the city uost in the front dooryard rising to a height of over 13,000 feet are ·he three wonderful volcanoes, almost touching each other, Agua, Fuego and Acatenaugo- The elevation at this point is about 5,100 feet above sea level with a distance of about 230 miles to the Carribean Sea and a distance of less than 50 miles to the Pacific ocean, arid still you are within a few hours ride of the extreme heat of the tropics and the lowlands, or into the cold air of the frost area higher up in the mountains. Officers of Grafton Auxiliary Installed GRAFTON. May a.--The GratUm Legion auxiliary held installation of officers in the bank basement Tuesday afternoon. Those present from out of town were Mrs. E. Kathinka Hanson. Decorah, district comniitteewoman; Mrs. Myrtle Siverling. Northwood, vice commiltoe- wonian, and Mrs. Matt Mullin of Manly, county chairwoman. Mrs. Guviu, president of the Manly auxiliary, acted as sergeant at arms. The new president is Mrs. Gk-ii Bringolf; first vice president. Mrs. Adolph Schultz; second vice president, Mrs. Peter Shram: secretary. Mrs. Clarence Beidermann; trcas- NINETEEN --, ·---- m-cr Mrs. Leo Kirchgattcr; scr- .'cunt at arms. Mrs. George Ruf- frijgc; historian. Vera Macken: chaplain, Mrs. William Hucbncr. Spuldiny, Kngland, will ship G,00(» tons of tulips this season. HURRY HURRY HURRY Palmolive Now on the Air Tune in Every Tuesday 9 P . M . WOC WHO Hear Clara, Lu V Em Super Suds 'Girls Every Morning, 9 WOC WHO 1! except Panama and British Hon , duras) was established in the valley I, .of Panchoy, meaning the Valley of ·the Lake, in the year 1543. This new iltv was called Antigua. For more 200 years Antigua was the olis of the western hemis- the religious center of cul- " education, architectural ad- ceinent aBB business activity I^Durmg'this period 'the city acquired "a. population of more than two hun- .-dred thousand people. - In the center of Antigua was es- "W.blished the plaza, or park. Facing "it on the east side was the cathedral, the construction of which was "started in 1543 and was completed in 1680 having taken 137 years to · build The cathedral was about 320 feet long, 140 feet wide and 69 feet high, lighted by 50 large windows. It covered more than an acre of ground and was attended by thous- .ands at one time and when our few churches were only rude log structures. The entrance was by seven '·*reat doors, the high altar was un der a great dome 70 feet high and 'supported by 16 stone columns .'sheathed in tortoise shell and also -adorned by finely wrough bronze ' medallions. The cathedral was divided into three naves and eight -chapels, two of which are as large as churches. It contained a. large -amount of gold and silver ornaments, statues, paintings and beau tiful stucco decorations. Along the cornices were carved marble statue -of the virgin and the 12 apostles. Built 49 Churches. Antigua during its over 230 years as a city, built 49 churches, eight monasteries, five convents and two large hospitals, also a university the palace of the governor general the Cabildo, or city hall and the royal mint where metal money wa coined under authority of the crown ' of Spain from dies furnished by the crown. At that time what was known a . the kingdom of Guatemala, com -prised all of the present Centra America except Panama and Brit ijsh Honduras and its area coverec approximately 172.135 square miles In tile city of Antigua resided th ! Bishop of Guatemala and the governor general of Guatemala. Her also many of the great character and learned men of the new worl congregated and advanced the sc: cnces and learning. Outstandin lawyers, doctors, and merchant .-adopted Antigua as their home s that for a period covering mor than 230 years, Antigua advance to the position of the principal cit in the western hemisphere. The pro Stress of the church, the monastery the convent and the religious or riers were marked, and kept pac with the civil and financial develop ment of the country. Antigua had prospered from il foundation in 1543 to 1773, but dur ing the early part of this yea Agua again became agitated. Fr quent earth tremors were felt du ing the early months and in Jun the shocks became alarming. The for a period of about 30 days Agu became calm, but on July 29, 177 Agua again broke forth in all he fury Tiles flew- from the roofs 0 the"houses, the bells of the city wei rung as though by unseen hand the domes of the churches cracke I'.nd fell; the roofs of the monastc ics collapsed burying many monk in the debris. Then the final shoe" rn'.i'c severe than the others, d FOR ONE A SENSATIONAL CARLOAD SALE AT THESE LOW PRICES Kety (Romance Alive W I T H A L O V E L Y SKIN, Palmolive's precious blend of olive and palm oils leaves skin gloriously soft, clear and fresh. nd on the southern extremity lereof are the ruins of the San 'rancisco monastery. It was built i the shape of a cross with two entral halls. There were three large omes at least 100 feet in circurm erence and two of these are stand- ng although in a ruined condition. The building: of the monastery cov- rs approximately four blocks of the ity. On the north front are statues f marble and the top is surmount- d by the Coat of Arms of Spain. Although this building is a mass if ruins there are Indians living among the broken walls using as arpenter shops and blacksmith hops the sacred halls where the monks of old once offered their prayers. Over the entrance on the west side is a beautiful statue of he Madonna and in the niches on he church front are 14 statues of saints sculptured in stone. From .he remains of the decorations with- n can be plainly seen that they vere wonderfully beautiful and the ·uined walls were once covered with splendid carvings, old paintings and statues, some of which were inlaid with gold. The construction of this church and monastery was begun soon after the disaster of 1541, but :he work was not completed for more than 00 years. Climbing the narrow stairway to the second story where the roof is destroyed, one may look out over ;he ruins of the entire church and monastery and also from here can 36 seen ruins of the University of San Carlos, which in its day was the greatest seat of learning on the western hemisphere and cumbered among its graduates many notables, joth in the New World and in the Old World. Palace Rehabilitated. On th south side of the plaza is the palace of the captain general, occupying the entire block, which has been rehibilitated and is now occupied as a government building. On the north side of the plaza the Cabildo is now occupied by soldiers and civil officers. Aside from the churches and monasteries which have been heretofore mentioned, we find the' ruins of many other churches, monasteries and convents wherein the destruction is either partial or total. Among these fine edifices are the following of which space will not permit a description: "Convent of Neustra Senora De La Conception;" "Church of San Agustin;" "Jesuit Monostery and College;" "Monastery of Santo Domingo;" "Escuela De Cristo;" "Calle De La Nobleza:" 'Church and Arch of Santa Catarina;" "Church of Calvario;" "Convent of the Capuchinas;" "Alameda de Santa Ros-a;" "Convent of Santa Clara:"' "Alameda de Santa Lucia;" "Church and Convent of Santa Ter;sa;" "Monastery of the Recolec- :ion;" "Santa Rosa;" and many others. Abounds With Flowers. Situated on the northern boundary of the city is a fine small hotel with a large patio abounding with flowers, fountains, trees and interesting features. Here one could spend several weeks in the quiet atmosphere of the ruins of the ancient city visiting the places of interest and wonderment, enjoying the marvels of the architecture and the beauty of many hundred years ago. This is in a climate where the thermometer rarely goes below 60 PALMOLIVE Carville Myron H. Rodemaker Charles City Mrs. Chris Beck C. J. Castle Mrs. Mabel Curtis Diamond Brothers Lee M. Fenholt Rue D. Fenholt Great A. P. Tea Co. A. F. Green Guthart Brothers Ross V. Harvey ( R Mrs. Virginia Helgen Mrs. Annette Kapka Walter Lanz Wm. F. Parker Rabbs Cash Grocery ( R ) Cut-Rate Grocery Mrs. Carl Stoecker George Toepfer Elmer F. Walter E. C. Webster ( R i FLOYD COUNTY Cohvcll Floyd A. F. Brockman Orva E. Thomas ( R l Marble Kock Jos. Erb (IGA) Marble Rock Merc. (R) Smith Cane Nora firings John E. jacobsen Kluvcr Lucas E. S. Love Frank F. Pool Kockford Leo H. Hildrnan Wm. J. Lorenz Mrs. Maude Talbott E J. Trumbull Co. Wm. H. Yerkes (R) liudd Mrs. K. C. Frank ( R l Muller Lohr Blanche V. Simpson ( R i Smith Brothers WINNEBAGO Buffalo Center Dwlght L. Arkwright Est. Bowen Grupp (R) Steinberg Mercantile Co. Thomas A. Wilson ( B r ) Cut Rate Grocery Forest City Lewis Earl Ashland Clauson Hanson (Br) Great A. P. Tea Co. Claude Jones S. W. Linde Frank Ransom Lake Mills Larson Molke Anderson Bangs Walter Bakken COUNTY Swenson Grocery Oulman's John L. Mocn Union Department Store (Bn Lei and Wm. P. Buren (Br) FtoUe Martin J. Erdal Skaff Grocery John Mauss Scarville Severt E. Reiso Mrs. Martin J. Torgeson ( R ) Thompson A. S. Christianson Co. (Br) Chas. C. Peckman Vinje H. E. Hanson MASON CITY Mason City Fruit Co. 32 1st S. E. United Fruit Co. 33 E. State Cut Rate Grocery 30 E. State Sterling Grocery 13 N. Federal Ave. Thompson Dean Co. ( R 121 N. Federal Ave. Stop and Shop Food Mkt. (IGA I 127 N. Federal Ave. Barrett Eros. (R) 20 2nd N. E. Central Food Market 111 2nd N. E. Great A. P. Tea Co. Stores Piggly-Wiggly 12-14 First St. N. W. Horseshoe Grocery (R) 219 N. Federal North -Federal Fruit .. .223 N. Federal Shapiro Grocery (R) 523 N. Pennsylvania Berry Grocery 711 Elm Drive Mrs. Helen Ewers 331 9th N. E. BucMer Bishop 1333 N. Federal Ave. Suddarth Grocery 1337 N. Federal Ave. Carl Grupp Market 1339 N. Federal Ave. Diamond Bros. Marsden Grocery (IGA) 1452 N. Federal Ave. White Grocery 116 15th N. E. Christoff Grocery 1626 N. Pennsylvania Britven Son 1646 N. Federal Ave. Northwestern Grocery 25th St. N. W. Pallis Grocery 304 16th N. W. Wilson Grocery 1209 N. Jefferson Ave. Lawrence Grocery ( R ) 402 12th N. W. Monroe Grocery 622 N. Monroe Aye. Economy Grocery 422 N. Madison Ave. Brownell Grocery 1111 N. Carolina Ave. Steinblock Grocery 1201 N. Rhode Island Ave. Willson Grocery (R) 405 3rd N. E. Garfin Grocery 423 3rd N. E. J. R. Bullis 646 3rd N. E. DEALERS Hawkins Grocery 1003 E. Slate Munsinger Grocery 932 E. State Schwab Grocery 606 E. State. Govig Grocery 516 S. Carolina Ave. Hull Grocery 703 S. Carolina Ave. Curtis Grocery 513 Gth S. E. Kitto Grocery (P^l 402 7th S. E. Sterling Grocery No. 2 S12 S. Pennsylvania Ave. Dillon Grocery S19 S. Federal Ave. Barger Grocery ' 907 S. Federal Ave. Shannon Grocery 1617 S. Federal Ave. Haddy Grocery 2011 S. Federal Ave. Flanip Grocery 2025 S. Federal Ave. Ell Grocery 2324 S. Federal Ave. Schultz Grocery 141 27th S. W. James Grocery 2424 S. Jefferson Stebbins Grocery 402 24th S. W. Roosevelt Grocery 110 15th S. E. Snyder's Food Store 618 S. Federal Ave. Noser's Sel-Rite Grocery 516 S. Federal Mitchell Grocery (R)" J22 6th S. W. Morris Grocery 221 6th S. W. Evia Grocery 504 6th S. W. Atlas Grocery 529 6th S. W. Chicago Grocery ( R l 026 S. Jackson Ave. Kirchoff Grocery 817 S. Jackson Ave. Hamilton Grocery 720 S. Van Buren Ave. Forest Park Grocery 3007 4th S. W. McEIdoon Grocery 430 1st S. W. Fifhcr Co. 2 S. Monroe Ave, Diehl Grocery 105 S. Monroe Ave. Johnson White 207 2nd S. VV. Glanville Grocery 10 S. Federal Ave. MITCHELL Bailey Jennie E. Frisbie Carpenter Albert E. Peterson Alfred Stchn Little Cedar Ross Decker Victor Lindstror.i James R. Lonie Mclntire A. G. Olt Son ( R i Merosi Nicholas Peterson Meyer Hulbert Adams Mitchell John A. Klinger Elbcrt W. Trout Sons New Haven Helfter Carroll (R.i Orchard Evans Brothers Carl Larson OSHffO Henry S. Annis Diamond Bros. COUNTY E. J. Gilles Great A. P. Tea Co. Little Gem Grocery (R) Sam Melson B. E. Peterson Son Stop-Save Grocery Co. L. W. Williams Corner Grocery Otranto Station Arthur W. Buehrer ( R l Bicevillc Charles E. Adams Lcvi Hansen Thomas Hughes, Jr. John P. Servoss Samuel L. Willner Saint Ansgar Hugo F. Bublitz Groth Brothers (Br) Hans K. Hanson (R) Walk's Grocery Stacyvillo City Drug Grocery ( R i Jos. Falk Herman H. Stehn Toctorvillii Fred H. Brueggcman t.r.i Burchinol Ernest B. Nelson Cartersvllle Harry G. Cahalan Clear Lake CEKKO GOKDO COUNTY South Side Grocery Family Store Great"A. P. Tea Co. Oluf T. Hansen Co. Leonard L. Mathers »^^^ D NEW 5 LB. PACKAGE Their instant "sud» make these pure soap chips the all- purpose favorite in millions of homes. 5 IBS. 29 Earl Lewis Ashland ( B r i C. A. Bcckner ( I G A ) Forrest E. Bruce E. E. Eutz Chas. Eliason Sondrol Company (U) Lyle G. Stunkard Dougherty Kolberg McAloon Son J. Mullen Sons Bolilll L. W. Birdsail ( R i Fertile Andrew A. Elthon Sheimo Jones ( R i Grafton Christians Brothers Herman A. Walk Hanlontoivn Kaasa Brothers Jacob M. Knutsen (Br) Joice Mrs. Charles Abraham Bang Gordon (R) Ivensett J. J. Boyelt (R) Ann Knutson WOKTH COUNTY Manly Enabanit Wilki; Joe O. Folic Wilbur B. Knowlcs Jacob Kraus Joseph Macku ( R ) Northwood J. J. Amen Wm. 0. Ebcrt J. E. Larson ( R i Nack's Cash Grocery F. W. Schmidt Son Urdahl Void ( R ) Silver Lake A. G. Reyersou Tenold Henry E. Tenold degrees nor rises above SO degrees, . whore flowers are profuse and the | Britt John A. Bailey H. R. Brooks (En Oscar S. Edgrcn Chester P. Lewis Wallen Son lassacson Store Corvrith Joe Kouba ( R l Quality Store, Inc. Crystal Lake Lars A. Nelson D. F. Willis Denhurt Farmers Cash Store Duncan Frank Falada Frank Nernctz Garner Lewis Earl Ashland Charles Park Carl O. Roc (IGA I Charles H. Schisscl Charles J. Schneider John Sobers HANCOCK COUNTY Goudrll Leo A. Ahrenkiel Cashman Store Skinner Grocery Hayficld Mathew M. Edmunilson Wesley F. Mertz K;um\vha John U. Johnson ( E r i T. L. Kinseth ( R ) Miller McNish Ernest H. Nelson Klennm; John N. Day ( B r i George W. Kluckhorn Sons Clarence A. Larsen Walter L. Thada Miller Wm. Van Haaftcn Stilson John H. Gruncwakl Wndon Briardalc Store ( B r i i p. i Walter W, Dirkscn Hcnrv J. Orthel ( R i Radio's 3 famous girls say: Kolhing'll gel you through dishwashing, cleaning 'n washday so speedy and casy-like as Piroved 'Vcre inau unj vu'-*a, " ***·-·.* ---. ^---^ ---*- r so much of the city that [great works of nature abundant. Al-

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