The Mason City Globe-Gazette from Mason City, Iowa on January 16, 1943 · Page 1
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January 16, 1943

The Mason City Globe-Gazette from Mason City, Iowa · Page 1

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Saturday, January 16, 1943
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WORTH IOWA'S DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME D E P A R T M E N T O F H I S T O R Y A N D U O I N E S "THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH 1OWANS NEIGHBORS VOL. ASSOCIATED PRESS AND UNITED PRESS FULL LEASED WIRES flVB CENTS A COPY MASON CITY, IOWA, SATUFlkY, JANUAKY 16, 1943 THIS PAPER CONSISTS OP TWO SECTIONS SECTION ONE NO. 85 REDS GET BACK INI 0 DONETS VALLEY 30 Jap Planes Shot Down in Solomon Islands 2 ? HITSSCOREDON 3 DESTROYERS BY AMERICANS Action Apparently Result From Efforts to Reinforce Guadalcanal WASHINGTON, ffP-- The navy announced Saturday' that American forces in the Solomon islands had shot down 30 Japanese planes, damaged three destroyers ;md bombed and left burning a cargo ship in a series of actions apparently resulting from determined enemy attempts to reinforce and supply Jap troops on Guadalcanal island. Seven United States planes were lost. On Guadalcanal itself, a com- munique said, American troops continued, to advance against "stiff enemy resistance." Gains of 3.000 to 4,000 yards were reported. ! * * * The heaviest day's righting reported in the communique occurred on Friday (Solomons time) beginning with an attack by a s i n g l e Catalina reconnaissance plane against a group of five Japanese destroyers 16 miles northeast of the Russell islands, which are 60 nautical miles northwest of the American airfield en Guadalcanal. The Catalina scored one direct hit and two near-hits on one of the destroyers and when last seen the vessel was aflame. Later Friday morning a force of dauntless clive_ bombers, escorted ""by r riavy-rriarTne 'corps "wildcat fighters and army airacobra fighters attacked nine Jap destroyers · which were 140 miles northwest r! Lunga point on Guadalcanal. Two of the destroyers were reported seriously damaged. * * * Twelve Jap zero fighters attempted to intercept this attack and eight were shot down. One American dive bomber was forced down and five American fighters failed to return from the action. * * * Also during Friday morning, an American plane patrolling the air , · around Guadalcanal engaged and shot down three Japanese zeros. was no letup in the during the afternoon. Army flying fortresses with army fighter escort of lightnings, aira- cobras and warhawks went into action against five enemy de- miles southeast of in the Shortland Nazis on Receiving End of Red Blitz There lighting stroyers. 37 Fasi island island area about 300 miles northwest of Guadalcanal and in the general vicinity o£ the Japanese air base at Munda. if. * if. None of the enemy vessels was hit, the communique said, but 12 enemy float type biplanes attempted to intercept Ihe assault -and they were shot down. No American planes were lost. Friday evening, a force of dive bombers with wildcat and aira- cobra protection attacked an enemy cargo ship 37 miles northwest of Mimda. scoring two direct hits and four near-hits and setting the vessel afire. The American fighl- crs drove off 12 enemy zeros shooting down seven of them. One An.erican fighter failed to return The heavy fighting on Friday had been preceded Thursday by both Japanese and American aerial forays. Weather Report FORECAST MASON CITY: Cold wave Saturday afternoon and Saturday { night. Temperature S u n d a y morning: Mason City. 8 below. Continued cold Sunday forenoon. Occasional light snow Saturday nighl with strong winds. IOWA: Cold wave Saturday night.] Lowest temperatures by Sun-: day morning 5-10 degrees be-] low in the north and zero to 5 onscientious Objectors to Begin Work in Iowa Mental Hospitals for Test Period Move Will Help Relieve Pressing Shortage of Attendants Bodies of German soldiers scattered atop the snow around smashed vehicles, above, tell the story of the destruction of an axis column of men and machines by the Russians in the middle Don area, north of Millerovo. GINGER ROGERS WED TO MARINE Elopes^to Pasadena - -. After 3 Month Romance HOLLYWOOD, (U.R) '_ Actiess Ginger Rogers and Jack Galvin Briggs, marine corps private, eloped to Pasadena, Cal., Saturday and were married. Doctor Edwin Day performed the ceremony in the First Meth- doist church of .Pasadena. Miss Rogers and Briggs each wore plain gold band rings. Briggs, stationed at the marine corps base in San Diego, obtained an unexpected leave and traveled (o Los Angeles by train. He and Miss Rogers drove immediately to Pasadena. Miss Rogers obtained a three- day vacation from her work on "Lady in the Dark, r ' the picture in which she is now starring. Buddy de Silva, Paramount producer, suspended work on the million- dollar film to give Miss Rogers the leave. , The 31-year-old acli:css met the 22-year-old marine only three months ago when she \ r isited San Diego on a war bond selling tour. Their romance developed without publicity, and Miss Rogers' announcement of her engagement came as a surprise Friday. * * * * * * * GINGER ROGERS --Married lo Marine 5,100 More Pennsylvania!! Miners Stay Away From Job above in the Fresh winds. south portion. IN MASON CITY Globe-Gazette weather statistics: Maximum Friday 14 Minimum Friday night 2 At S a. m. Saturday 14 Snow 1.5 inches Precipitation .07 inch YEAR AGO: Maximum 41 Minimum ' Packer, Education Dean at SUI, Will Army \ IOWA CITY, (ffii -- Paul C. Packer, dean of the college of education at the University o f ' I o w a for 20 years, will leave Tuesday to accept a commission as major in the United States army. Dean Packer, who has been granted a leave of absence, will be in command of group instruction in the special service . division of the war department's service of supply. It will include all American army camps and. all foreign bivouacs. The university dean is president I I lof Ihe Slate Teachers association. WLB Issues Ultimatum in Wildcat«Strike-0vef Union Dues Boost WILKES-BARBE, Pa., (IP)--At least 5,100 additional anthracite miners due to report for work stayed away fiom their jobs Saturday in the face of a new labor board ultimatum ordering 10,000 to 17,000 others to end their 18 day old wildcat strike immediately. After the order was announced, strike leaders in Washington voted to propose resumption of production Monday. The new idleness eame as rank-and-file m e m b e r s expressed dissatisfaction with the WLB ruling. They would not per- the use of their names pending local union meetings called for late Saturday and Sunday to decide whether the order will be heeded. \ Three of the five additional locals out Saturday had adopted resolutions Tuesday saying they would strike unless a 50 cents a month increase in dues were eliminated by Jan. 15. The resolutions did not mention the strikers' demand for a $2 a day wage bonus. Earlier Saturday UMW leaders --both insurgent and loyal--had said they anticipated the strikers would go back to work Monday in compliance with the war labor board ultimatum, which directed them to submit their grievances --including a demand for a $2 a day wage bonus--to processes provided in their working contract. The war labor board said earlier this week that unless the walkout ended it would use a l l ' the power at its command to compel resumption of production. . The statement was taken as a strong, indication that if necessary the board would ask President Roosevelt to seize the strikebound mines in the name of the government. WLB said the walkout had endangered the prosecution of the war by creating a hard coal shortage throughout the northeast. * * * Spokesmen who earlier said they expected Ihe other strikers to return would not authorize use of their names, emphasizing that only the membership could decide .whether to heed the WXB order, * * * The board's order represented a victory for shaggy-haired John L. Lewis over thousands of miners revolting against his leadership. The miners had asked the board to negotiate their demands for a S2 a day wage bonus and their protest against a 50 cents a month union dues increase. Lewis, in a defiant speech, told the board at a hearing Friday that it had no authority to act in either argument. " Chairman William H. Davis announced the board's decision after a 15-minute executive session following the hearing. He said: "If you have grievances, you can take them up according to the c'ontract does not provide for ·final' determination of the issue, the next step is through this board." * * * ' One strike leader. Gordon Eoberls, vice president of a local, said here "\ve will have to await the report of our president before deciding our next step." The president, William Salinski, attended the hearing. * * * Lewis, declaring that the board had no jurisdiction in the wage dispute, said: "If it has, then I say collective bargaining has disappeared and they might as well abandon their unions and let the representatives of government tell them how much they shall work for. when they shall work and how courteous they shall have to be to their foremen," Lewis declared. The board did not indicate whether -it was considering application o£ its "little steel formula" for fixing wage increases in union disputes in which normal negotiations had failed. Lewis promised he would get the miners "a wholesome increase" when contract negotiations reopen April 30. Estimates oE their present wages have ranged from $5 to S8.50 daily. Lewis told the board that only the union itself had authority to adjust its dues. The strikers had protested that an increase from SI to $1.50 monthly had been voted al a UMW cons-en- tion at which delegates from bituminous coal fields held an unfair balance of power. DBS MOINES, MM--The Iowa board of control announced Sat- .irday the approval by national selective service headquarters of 25-ivum Irial unit of conscientious objectors to work as attendants in Iowa mental hospitals. The men will be used to relieve a p r e s s i n g attendant shortage which the board estimated at 50 per cent and which it had been unable lo fill through any normal source of manpower. Heads of the various Iowa labor organizations and employment sources approved the plan, which, if the trial unit is successful during Ihe 90-day test period, may help solve the board's serious labor problem. Most of the men will come from the Menonite camp for objectors at Denison, where 134 men now jire stationed, but Ihe board also may draw from a similar camp at Weeping Water. Ncbr., if the Dcnispn camp fails to furnish sufficient men. Similar use of ob- jeclors has been approved for 10 slales, the board said. The board emphasized: 1. No present employe will be displaced. 2. Mo qualified applicant will be denied employment. 3. Use of the objectors will be discontinued whenever sufficient Iowa labor becomes available. " tt will rop.uirp several weekj BOARD GIVESUP EFFORT IN R. R. WAGE DISPUTE Confident Settlement Can Be Reached Without Resort to Strike Vote CHICAGO, IfP')-- The National Mediation board announced Sal- irday that it had abandoned its efforts lo mediate wage and closed hop demands of more than 900,000 non-operating employes of class one railroads. A statement issued by the b o a r d expressed confidence. however, that the dispute could be settled without resorting to a strike vole. No threat lo the wartime railroad transportation system exists ;it this time, the statement made GOLD WAVE HEADS FOR IOWA Weather Bureau Warns of 5 to 10 Below DESMOINES, (/P)--A cold wave swept toward Iowa Saturday and the weather bureau warned temperatures will drop to 5 to 10 degrees belo%v zero in the north portion by Sunday morning. Temperatures' arc expected from zero to 5 degrees above in the south. Fresh snow fell in some portions of the stale Saturday after a heavy fall extended over the central and eastern areas Friday and Friday night. A strong wind accompanied the snow, but all roads were reported open. The state highway commission said rural highways in areas around Forest City. Mason City Decorah and Dubuque were somewhat slippery, but driving conditions were not bad elsewhere Roads were reported nearly normal except through towns and cities where they were quite slippery. Precipitation from snow included: lown City. .40, Dubuque .38, Fort Dodge, .28, Charles City .25, Cedar Rapids. .22, Davenport .17. Ames. .15 and DCS Moincs, .14 ;re'. the u.-,il n lak"y; over- thfi 'o'rk, since each man selected by he board must be approved bj lational selective service headquarters. The first 25 men will be lent to Mount Pleasant hospital ·ince the greatest shorlugc exists here. There arc six mental hospitals md schools in Iowa, at Moun leasant, Independence, Cherokee Clarinda, Glenwood and Wood- vartl. The men will receive full maintenance. including uniforms and S2.50 a month for personal needs. Regular em- ployes receive from S35 to'S55 a month and full maintenance. Pointing out the hospitals hav-i been losing men to the anner orces. defense industries andi t western hospitals where the p;\y s higher, P. F. Hopkins, chairman of the board, said: 'Wo have exhausted ever, means at our disposal to recrui abor. iWe have advertised in th newspapers, gone to the U. S. cm jloyment service and the vctor ans' placement bureau. "We are turning to this sourc of labor solely and only becaus of our inability to get labor from any other source. The move culminates nearly a year of negotiations with selective service officials, conducted by the board with Col. Lewis F. Kosch. head of the division of camp operation, and Ma.i. F. C. McLean, his assistant. * ··(· 3- The plan was approved, the board said, by A. A. Couch, president of the Iowa Federation of Labor, Ben Henry, head of the C. O. in Iowa, and Capt. John Quigley of ihe Veterans' Placement Bureau, after each had surveyed his own organization seeking labor Tor the job. clear. The statement follows: "Concerning the dispute be- Are Shot Down in Tunisian Battles BULLETIN LONDON, (U.R -- Radio .Morocco said Saturday that Admiral Sir Andrew B. Cunningham, allied naval commander in North Africa, had announced the arrival there of a convoy of 66 vessels. By WES GALLAGHER ALLIED HEADQUARTERS IN \'ORTH AFRICA, {/P)--American and RAF fighters and even bombers battled axis aircraft in he biggest scale aerial dogfight- ng of the Tunisian campaign by day and night Friday, blasting 23 Oerman and Italian planes from he skies, it was announced Saturday. Aerial activity was intense over .he entire Tunisian front. * * * More than half the toll was taken in two actions. The Germans attempted (a bomb advance allied airfields and lost seven planes. Then P-38 lighl- ning-s and B-23 Billy Mitchell bombers encased "0 axis transport planes off the Tunisian coast and shot down seven more. * # * The allied communique reporting the Tunisian operations said "Ground activity was limited to patroling on both sides. "In the course of operations of the Tunisian coast uy our mcxliim bombers and fighters. large tween representatives of 15 co operating railway labor organiza tions and a large number of rail roads which was taken up in ma diation in Chicago Jan. 7, 1943. "Railway labor organizations a well as labor organizations gen .erally have jjledgcd the presiden tljjK"trlere" would "be"ho r '·strikes for the duration of the war, provided the government would set up adequate machinery to hear and dispose of disputes. "The president lias provided the machinery in the railroad industry by the issuance of executive order No. 9172 establishing the national railway labor panel of which Dr. William M. Lciser- is chairman, organizations son of Washington The railway labor have pledged themselves to use it and conform to it. f ¥ ¥ "Therefore the board assumes even though this dispute has not been settled through mediation or throuKh agreement to arbitrate that the railway la Ivor ornanizatioiis · will apply for appointment of an emergency hoard panel in accordance with the provisions of the executive order. * ¥ * "This would mean that there will be no necessity for taking n strike vote or fixing a date lo strike. Consequently an orderly and peaceful procedure is provided and undoubtedly will be followed and there need be no concern of any threat to interrupt interstate commerce." Demands for a closed shop and wage increases of 20 cents an hour, with a minimum of 70 cents an hour, were served on the railroad companies Sept. 25, 1942. H was the first time the closed shop issue had been raised in labor schooner was bombed and al tacks were made on two escorted formations of enemy transpor planes. ·'Seven transports and two cs corting fighters were shot down Other medium bombers attacke road and rail communication near Gabes. Enemy fighters wer encountered. One of them \va destroyed. "Friday -night six enemy bomb i2fs~vveic_?estroy,ed. During day light attacks on" our airfield seven enemy aircraft were de strayed. "From all these operations cigl: of our aircraft are missing/' Algiers had two alerts cluriii the night and was treated to display of aerial fireworks light guns went into action, bu no damage was done. The Lafayette escadrille of th French fighting force claimed first enemy planes of the cam paign. The squadron's American built P-40's shot down two Mcs serschmitt 109's, repelling a rai on an airdrome. Besides the planes shot down 14 more were damaged in the pas 48 hours, a spokesman said. He said the biggest single to Friday was taken by B-25'.-; an P-38's which twice interceptc and engaged what apparent! was the same figlitcr-guardc flight of 50 transport planes. These were flying southcas apparently taking supplies Rommel's forces. Five transports fell in flames i the first attack. Two more ai: two fighters were shot down i the second. MAJOR 8AM LOOMS FOR KEY CITYOF ROSTOV 30 More Towns Are Engulfed in Drives of Russian Troops By ROGER D. GREENE Associated Press War Editor Russia's triumphant armies, ad- aiicing on a 25 mile front, swept acl; into the Donets valley Sat- rday, closed a semi-circle avound ic great German bas2 at Rostov nd engulfed 30 more towns in ynchronized drives in the Cau- asus and the Don river region. Dispatches from Moscow said ic red armies had battled theii- 'ay to the cast bank of the Donets ivcv 20 miles southeast of Ka- icnsk, while other soviet columns oiled into the Sal-Manych hills verlooking the Manych river outheast of Rostov. ¥ '·(· # "·"ronl-linc reports indicated that the battle for Rostov itself was about lo begin, with the Russians preparing to storm across the Donets river--last natural barrier lo the city--in a climactic drive to cut off perhaps 50,000 German soldiers in southern Russia. * * * Already endangered by a west- jound column only 60 miles away, Rostov was newly menaced by :ol.-Gen. Nikolai F. Vatulin's Junior, Senior ROTC Students at Ames to Be Inducted by March AMES. W--All Iowa State college junior and senior ROTC students will be inducted into the army by the end of the winter quarter in March. Col. H. T. Odcll. professor of military science and tactics, said Friday night. Senior students who would be graduated in June will be permitted to continue in school for the spring quarter, but will be inducted this- quarter. Colonel Odcll said. Junior students, however, will be placed in active status at the end of the winter quarter and sent to replacement centers for a three- month course which will take the place of the second year of advanced military at the college. Seniors will be inducted at Camp Dodge during this quarter and those reporting in March will go to officer candidate schools immediately aflcr the quarter ends here. Ihr m i l i t a r y professor stid. relations between the non-operating the lines and [roups. Buy IVar Savings Bonds and Stamps from your Globe-Gazette carrier boy. 5 Perish as Plane Cashes in Takeoff SHREVEPORT. La.. (/Pi -- Fi men perished and two others c capcd fiom n flaming medium bomber which crashed on a takeoff from Bavksdale field near here Friday. Barksdalc field officers sold the plane was only a few feet off the runway when it dipped to the ground, rolled over and burned. Several Liquor Stores Put on Limit of "Pint a Week" Action Taken After Buyers Raid Dwindling Iowa Whisky Stocks DES M01NES, W--The "pint a week" rule appeared to be fast spreading over the state Saturday as state liquor store patrons, apparently apprehensive over future supplies, continued their unprecedented raids on dwindling whisky stocks. * ¥ * A sales limitation of a pint a week is just one-sixth of the weekly maximum allowed under the slate liquor commission's rationing rule, but the commission repeatedly has taken the view U is up to individual store managers to stretch their stocks- and lo see that the liquor sold is evenly divided among their customers. * * * Managers of the two liquor stores at Cedar Rapids announced Saturday a limit of a pint a week to a customer and that it would continue indefinitely. The Waterloo stoic pul a simi- lar regulation into effect earlier in the week, while Ottumwa and Charles City already were on an allowance of a pint a person. One source predicted half of the stores in the slate would bo on the "pint a person" ration in the near future if the runs on the stores continued. Long lines of purchasers stand before the windows of most of the state's 177 retail liquor slorcs while harrassed clerks attempt to fill orders from the stocks, which in many places include only a limited number of brands. Des Moincs and Mason City slorcs were still selling a quart to each customer and the Fort Dodge store had the same limitation. * * * The liquor commission recently announced its allotment of liquor had been cut to about 60 per cent of what it purchased a year ago. The commission first set a ration of J2 quarts a month to any permit book holder, but later changed week. this to three quarts Nazis Admit Trap Near Stalingrad for First Time BERLIN--(From G e r m a n Broadcasts),--(IP)--T he G e r- man high command said Saturday that "in the area, of Stalingrad our troops uho : have been engaged there for necks in heroic defensive battles against the enemy attacking from alt sides, repelled further attacks Friday by strong enemy infantry and tank formations/' (Thus the high command told the German people for the first time that the troops which pressed into Stalingrad last fall were trapped there, sealed in a soviet-surrounded pocket between the Don and Volga.) middle Don army which cut UIE Rostov-Moscow railway at Glubo- kaya and reached a point 90 miles northeast of the key German citadel. Rec, army headquarters said the nazi invaders were "in complete rout,'' retreating 20 miles or more a day and in their haste abandoning 10,000 head of cattle al one point. Simultaneously. black news for the axis came from almost every front in the global conflict: TUNISIA--American and RAF warplanes blasted 23 axis planes from the skies in the biggest scale aerial dogfighting of the Tunisian campaign Friday, allied headquarters announced. Eight allied aircraft were lost. An Italian communique said axis fighlers shot down 16 allied planes in fighting over Tunisia and Libya. The fascist communique also reported that fank-lcd allied troops in Tunisia were forced to retreat, while united nations headquarters said ground activity was limited to patrol scouting on both sides. WESTERN AIK AVAR --Allied warplanes gave Hitler's "European, fortress" another night of terror, blasting the nazi U-boat base at Lpricnt. France, for the second, night in a row, and pounding targets in western Germany, Holland and Belgium. The British air ministry said big fires were left raging in the dock area at Lorient as the RAF's big bombers struck in bright moonlight. Other RAF planes, striking in force, shot up at least 15 railway engines along the nazi-occupied coast, strafed trains near Hazebrouck, Belgium and Y p r c s, France, and bombed a German airdrome. It was the RAF's fifth successive night bombardment of the continent and the 10th this month. NORTH AFRICA -- B r i t i s h headquarters reported a flurry of activity on the long-stalled Libyan front and declared that Gen. Sir Bernard L. Montgomery's 8th army inflicted casualties on the axis "in several sectors." The quickening netion followed on the heels of German reports that General Montgomery was preparing to resume his offensive against nazi Field Marshal Erwin Rommel's Africa corps in the desert some 180 miles cast ol Tripoli. The Italian high command said violent g r o u n d fighting h a d broken out in Libya and asserted t h a t allackine British troops were

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