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E D I T O R I A L S -Wiley's Elevation Reveals Antiquated Rule of Congress IN some quarters, announcement * by republican leaders in the . senate that Wisconsin's Senator Wiley has been given 1 oÂ£ the 2 party assignments on all-important foreign relations committee has brought forth a storm of criticism. Wiley, of course, is identified as a pronounced isolationist. At the bottom of this \vhole problem is the practice of seniority in committee assignment. Under the rules of seniority, a man's qualifications are not of first concern. If he's been in the senate long enough, or in the house of representatives a. sufficient time, automatically he is entitled to the job. His" work in congress may have brought him no recognition among his colleagues for his capabilities but his seniority brings him the committee assignment.. tt is a ridiculous situation wholly foreign to any sensible conception of democratic processes ol government. In present- day, conditions especially, congressional committee assignment should rest upon, abilities for the" job. . : Â· : . ' Â· : . Wiley's foreign views may not be quite as clearly etched as those of ex-Sen. Nye, whose defeat created one of the 2 vacancies which republicans are filling on the foreign relations committee. But if he is an isolationist, the gain resulting from Nye's defeat will be quite largely "annulled by seniority. WINTER SPORTS An Expensive War TF, among any of us, there is the * feeling that the war is going along, and will go along, satisfactorily without our money being invested in war loan bonds, a few pertinent figures from the war department should be impressed on them. The war department points out .that it will cost almost as much to fight Japan/alone as.it did up to BOW to fight both Germany and Japan, and supports that statement with figures showing the - effects of greater distances and more costly types of equipment upon the war in the far east For instance, the same amount of freight sent to.the Pacific area costs 25 per cent more, and it takes twice as many ships to move the same amount of freight. Long range B-29s cost .$600,000 each, or twice the cost of the biggest previous bomber. Between D-day and July 30 we used 61,372,805 gallons of high octane gasoline in the planes that bombed Europe. Â· Â· We should.' have" used many more g a l l o n s to reach Japan's targets from available bases, the war department conceded, and each gallon would have cost 30 cents. These are only a few of the reasons why more and more money is needed for the war effort, why all of us should invest every cent we can scrape and' save from our comfortable mode of living, in the furtherance of the war and the consequent realisation of peace. Strange Logic Â·"THE federal government's at- Â·*Â· tempt to restrict the holding of conventions is in direct and flagrant violation of the constitution,", the Chicago Tribune editorializes. It follows through by quoting the first amendment: "Congress shall make no law . . . . abridging the right of the people peaceably to assemble and to petition the government for a redress of grievances." "If words mean anything," it adds, "these words mean that there is no authority in the federal government to forbid the citizens to meet when and where they choose to meet. That is the law of the United States, in peace and in war." In other words, the nation which in time of emergency can and does send boys to die on the battlefield must not prohibit civilians from clogging up the country's transportation system by foregathering for conventions. Such strange . reasoning would have popular sanction in only 2 places we can think of at the moment--Germany and Japan. There it would be approved for America --but not for Germany or Japan. A Futile Proposal rjNE of the first bills dropped in ^ the lower house hopper this session was a measure by Rep. Winter of Kansas proposing to do away with the Congressional Record. This bulky daily publication is a word for word report of what our members of the national legislative forum have- to say day by day. That is, it reproduces what they have said after, the real words have been properly polished and edited, and finally approved by the one saying.them. As a reason for discontinuing the Record, the Kansan terms it a "propaganda agency at public expense." Of course, he will not get far with his crusade. But he might be able to marshal a powerful array of exhibits in behalf of his charge. Look Out Below There may be trouble ahead for the . Japs from another quarter when James Caesar Petrillo learns they are making recordings of the sound of our B-29s. Â« * * Swearing in yice President Truman twice was probably designed to give him a little attention before he entered the obscurity of his new position. * * ) * ' . Under present crowded restaurant conditions, the average customer gets tne next patron with his' dessert. Your Health By Logan Clendening, M. D. EMBtfRO GROWTH r\R. GEORGE W. CORNER Is J -' one of the most distinguished o f . American anatomists. -Strictly speaking, he is an embryologist, which means he studies the anatomy of animals as they unfold before they are born. In a recent book, "Ourselves Unborn" (Yale University Press), he presents in a series of lectures for laymen some of the problems of his science. I don't know why such a work was never done before. When' I think how the thousands of women now sitting in rocking chairs won- dertng what under the shining stars is going on inside them and all they get is to be told not to worry, to hemstitch 200 diapers, drink' plenty of milk and think beautiful thoughts, I cannot see why/some enterprising author did not long ago think of such a presentation as Dr. Corner's. Each of us begins as a single cell which weighs about fifteen ten- millionths of a gram. At birth, if we are seven-pound babies, we weigh 3,250 gram. But what a set of multiplications and windings and turnings occur before that blessed event! On the whole it turns out surprisingly, not to say astonishingly, well. Considering everything that could go'wrong, the number ot mishaps is in the very low decimal r figures. And certainly Dr. Corner would agree that taking thought does -not influence the event, and knowledge about it does not make a great deal of difference in the outcome. But neither does knowledge hurt. This book should be of immense interest both to the expectant mother, and, let us include that neglected and shadowy figure, the expectant father. Most of what we know on the subject has been learned from the study of the lower animals, but such information as we have received from time to time about man indicates that there is no real difference in the fundamental processes. The youngest human embryo ever studied-was obtained by a Boston surgeon, Dr. John Rock in 1942. It was believed to be about 7i days old. The difficulties in the way of getting such early ones are obvious. The hen is the embryologist's real pal. He can get an egg from under before she has emitted her first cackle and watch the embryo grow cell by cell, the heart appears as a pinpoint of alternate white and red--and a lovely sight tt is too-until, finally, a full-formed chick covered with down and legs and everything emerges. One of the vivid passages of Dr Corner's book is his description of the placenta and the interchange of chemical and nutritional elements between mother and developing child. The placenta is part of the child attached to the mother's uterus into which it sends little fingers called villi consisting of an ingoing and outgoing blood vessel. Dr. Comer illustrates the properties oÂ£ these villi by taking a sausage casing and filling it with some indelible ink and then hanging it in a breaker of water. None of the ink ever left the sausage casing, but if he added salt solution, it immediately got out into the surrounding water. The villi are selective in what they let pass in the same way. QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS V. F : Can anything be done for a diabetic neuritis case? The patient is sugar free. Answer: Vitamin B (thiaminc chloride) should be tried. The cases are often very stubborn Pros and Cons Â·^Interesting Viewpoints 'From Our Exchanges Important Omissions Oelwein Register: An Iowa legislator was heard to say that the proposed Iowa school code regulations were unsatisfactory because it would throw hundreds of rural school teachers out of work. He must not be aware of the national school teacher shortage nor of the serious Iowa school teacher shortage, particularly in rural schools, that has existed for some time. He also must not be aware that no school will be discontinued, no school district reorganized, unless by the aproval of the voters of that district at a regular election. "Presenteeism" Davenport Democrat: The army is reported to be considering a plan for honoring workers with uninterrupted attendance records by awarding them pins for "presents eism." The plan was inaugurated by the B. F. Goodrich company of Akron, Ohio, which recently presented pins to more than 400 workers who had not missed a day's work since Pearl Harbor. Considering the pride with which both management and workers wear the army-navy E pins, it seems to be just and psychologically sound to try out the Goodrich scheme generally. Is You Is Or Is Tou Ain't*Bm-eancracy? . Â· Â· Â· * . Â·Miiscatine Journal: According to the bureau ot the census, it takes 135,000 separate agencies to perform all the complicated governmental functions in the United States today. At which point some acquaintance is bound to yell "bureaucracy.'! B'ut you can counter that, If you want to argue, by showing him the next figure, 'which states that federal and state government accounts for only about 20,000 of the total. The other 135,000 agencies are country, district, city, town and township organizations, including school boards and .personnel. Great Job In Pacific Cherokee T i m e s : American forces in the Pacific are doing a winderful job of moving the-Japa- fiese toward their final exit from the war. That final exit may be a long way off but day by day the Japs are being punished so severely that at least their naval and air strength is greatly weakened and in many cases made largely ineffective. Editorial of Day CURRENT COMMENT UARRY BOYD in Cedar Rapids " Gazette: Whether he Was taking notice of Senator Wheeler's searing blast at the unconditional surrender policy in Washington Monday or only cracking back at similar criticism in the British parliament, Prime Minister Churchill made it clear Tuesday that he still stands firm-for unconditional surrender and that he doesn't think the policy is prolonging the war unnecessarily. Demands that the unconditional surrender policy be.- abandoned are likely to command little popular support. Most people on our side will insist, in view,of the heavy sacrifices "already made, that we and not the enemy shall determine the conditions on which we shall stop fighting. But there would be widespread support of a demand that the specific meaning of "unconditional surrender" be clarified and publicized. It is not insistence on unconditional surrender but vagueness as to what we mean by it that can stiffen enemy resistance and prolong the war" unnecessarily. The question is whether we shall tell the Germans ourselves what wilt happen to them if they give up or let Goebbels tell them. So long as -we cloak our terms for enemy capitulation under a general, and to a large degree meaningless, phrase we give the nazi propagandists all the elbow room they need to interpret the phrase so as to serve their own interests. If we don't outline in one-two-three order just what unconditional s u r r e n d e r would mean to them, we, hardly can blame the Germans for believing what the Hitler crew tells them it would mean. And we can depend on the Hitler crew to make it mean something far more terrifying and intolerable than anything we have in mind. Did You Know? By The Haskin Service EDITOB'S NOTE--XeaAi availing thcouelvcs Â»f thl* tcrvlee (or qettlona Â·f (act~nÂ»t eÂ»unie--hoÂ«ld tlfa their loll. name aai Â«ddrea and inetoto 1 e Â» j t i for return postage. Adores* Clete-Gi:ette Informatln B u r e a u . Washlntton, D. C. Who pays the fare of a soldier returning on furlough from the southwest Pacific? A member of the army is ordinarily detailed to the nearest port of embarkation in the United States from an oversea post. He must pay his transportation from the point at which he receives his furlough, which is usually the port of embarkation. What does AGP mean when rued in connection .with the ship U. S. S. Wachapreague? The U.'S. S. Wachapreague is a motor torpedo boat tender. The lesignation "AGP8" indicates the type and serial number of the vessel. What is the minimum tgf. .at which one may obtain a pilot's license? An applicant for a pilot certificate must be at least 16 years of age. Any applicant under 21 must have the consent .of either patent. Is Kenllworth ivy harmful to a brick building? According to the Bureau of Plant Industry, Kenilworth ivy \yill not harm a building of any kind. What is the significance of the Jena "Boter" as used in the air forces? It means the .same thing as all right, O. K., or yes, sir. Are members of the state police not subject to draft? There is no blanket deferment of members of the state police for military duty under the selective training and service act. Does the Infantry go Into battle before the marines? The order in which units of our armed forces.attack is decided by the commander of the theater of operations. His decision is based wholly on the military situation, the troops, at hand, the mission to be performed and other local conditions. , fe H true that all army officers over 38 years of age may ask for release? There is no authority under which an officer may request release from active duty merely because of being 38 years of age or over. What Is the religion of the people of Fitcairn Island, the descendants of the mutineers of the Bounty? - . The islanders are Seventh Day Adventists. What was the Last aian's club? The Last Man's club, which was a dinner club composed' of Civil war veterans, originated in St. Paul, Minn. Each year there was an annual dinner and places were set for all the original members, even those who had passed on. Where should the dependents of Â» serviceman apply for financial help during; his absence overseas? If , a soldier's dependents are faced .with emergency financial difficulties, they may apply to the army emergency relief' office in their locality, to the nearest service command headquarters, or to the local chapter of the American Red Cross. REMEMBER? FORTY YEARS AGO City lights are burning all night now despite the friendly rays of the moon. The company is giving all night service and every night in the year. Colby, Martin Co.,--Our Big January Clean Sweep Sale. 50 dozen new corset covers. The best values ever shown in cambric and nainsook at 75c,* 50c, 3oc and 25c. THIRTY YEARS AGO-Because, says their petition, they are financially unable to stand .the cost, certain residents of Cedar street have filed with the city, clerk a remonstrance against the paving contemplated between State and Fourth streets on Cedar. The petition was filed yesterday and will be considered by the commissioners Monday. The names of H. E. Francisco and J. B. Tinker head the list of objectors. The annual meeting of the Park Hospital Building company was held at the hospital Monday. The company declared a five per cent dividend as a result of the business done during the past year. John SenneU was elected director to succeed John Ch'ggitt, deceased. TWENTY YEARS AGO New York--Re-erection of t h e library of the Imperial University of Tokyo, the Japanese center of culture, which was destroyed in the catastrophic earthquake and fire of 1923, is assured by a gift of 4,000,000 yen, or aproximately $1,600,000, by John D. Rockefeller, Jr. C. W. Files, Portland township farmer, was re-elected president of the Cerro Gordo county Farm Bureau for the 3rd time at a meeting of the board of directors in connection with the annual meeting of the organization at the First Methodist church. TEN YEARS AGO An opening service will be conducted in the new $7,000 church edifice located at Third street and North Federal, the Temple of the Open Bible, Sunday night. Describing the beauty of the Italian scene and commenting on improvements made in that country under the rule of Mussolini, Mrs. W. W. Remington spoke to an audience of Grade Teachers Friday in the Wagner-Mozart music hall. "The changes in the social, political and economic life of Italy under Mussolini are wonderful," Mrs. Remington said. "He has taken the slums away, straightened and leveled the streets, provided municipal housing in the suburbs for those who formerly lived in the slums and cleaned up the country. There are more children and cleaner children in Italy than nny place else in (he world.'' OBSERVING Booby Traps Aren't New i frequently have read accounts, of those devilish . " devices known a s "booby traps" so effectively used by our nazi enemy in this war. Fountain pens or other innocent-seeming objects are left behind in abandoned territory; and when handled, they explode. The nazis are not entitled, however, to. the credit of inventing these. A map drawn near the end of the 18th century to illustrate the West Indies expedition of Sir Francis Drake, refers to a Spanish trap on this order. It is described by Colton Storm, curator of maps in the University of Michigan's Clements library of rare books on American history, where this map is found. Transited, the account reads: "Small sticks In great numbers, naif a yard long, sharp pointed at DOth ends, the one end being thrust into the ground in the common highway as we should have marched, and the other end sticking upwards and bent against us were all dressed in a most villainous and mortal poison, so as if it did but break the skin of any part it a man, there was no remedy to be had to preserve his life." Drake's Englishmen were forewarned, and escaped the trao. The Spaniards who set it would have recognized the nazis as kindred spirits. "ACCIDENTS BEGIN WHERE CAUTION ENDS" CERRO GORDO COUNTY SAFETY COUNCIL Forking Meters Pay Our found most interesting this appraisal ot parkins meters by Editor James E. Lawrence in a recent issue of the Lincoln, Nebr., Star: "It is probable that tlie city of Lincoln never made a better investment than ^n the purchase of parking meters, "These were not bought for the purpose of producing revenue, but to relieve parking conditions in the retail business district. However, they have not. only accomplished their intended purpose in this respect, but are bringing in a considerable amount' of net revenue. "Last year the take was $52,006.50, which a b o u t $1,000 less than the previous year, seeming to indicate that not quite so many cars were being used by shoppers. Of course, not all ot the income from the meters is velvet, even alter they are paid for, as some of the. time officers are required in collecting the take and in looking after the machines. "This outlay is comparatively small, however." Typewriter Here to Stay think nobody is going to contend that the typewriter is a new fangled contraption. It has been in use sufficiently long to establish itself as one of the commonplaces of modern life. In the light of this, it is interesting to note that Oklahoma only recently has given up the ghost-the ghost being the archaic custom of writing out bills in final form in long hand. A concurrent resolution passed by both branches did the business after the Oklahoma attorney general had ruled the constitution did not call for such procedure. Only 5 of .the 48 states now write the bills in long hand in final form, and Oklahoma finally got up.the courage to make the change after it was explained much time and labor would be saved--and incidentally, expense. Information, Please! Â· One-Minute Test 1. What is "slalom" racing? 2. In boxing which is heavier a bantamweight or a featherweightv 3. What is meant by anelins with a silver hook? ""S^g One-Minute Test Answers 1. In skiing, downhill racing against time, between pairs of flags. 2. A featherweight. A bantamweight is not more than 118 pounds, a featherweight not more than 126 pounds. 3. Buying fish at a market. The Day's Bouquet To GUY C. BLACKMORE AND OTHER OFFICERS OF THE MASON CITY NURSING ASSO- Â· CIATION-- for their leadership ; and interest in the work of this*: agency which means so much to the health of this community. The Â· more citizens of this community understand the field of work done by this agency the more effective will be the work accomplished. Mason City Globe-Gazette An A. W. LEE NEWh'PAPEB Issued Every Week Day by the GLOBE-GAZETTE PUBLISHING CO. 121-123 East State Street Telephone 38001 LEE P. LOOM1S Publisher W. EARL BALL, . .. .Manarlcr Editor ENOCH A. NOREM Clly Editor LLOXD L. GEEB ...Advertising Mir. Friday, ,, Jan. 19, 1915 Entered us second-class mailer Aprili'*l 17, 1330, at the postofflce at Mason Cily, "I Iowa, under the act ot March a, IBIS. -'-f MEMBER ASSOCIATED PRESS. The'I Associated Press U exclusively entitled?-! to the use for republication oÂ£ all news dispatches credited to It or not otherwise credited In this paper and also the local news published herein. SUBSCRIPTION KATES Maion Clly and Clear Like by year. SIO' Mtson City and Clear Lake by week Sffc- Ontslde 100 Mile Zone--Per year SlO;f I 6 months $5.50; 3 months $3; 1 month $] - 1 Outside HÂ»son City and Clfir Lake andr.-l Within ISO Miles of ilajpn Cily and Out-'iff side of the Carrier Uistricls of Mason Â· City anMClur LÂ»ke: Per year by carrier ...; Per week by carrier ,,, , Per year by mall S 1001 By mall B months SS758 By mall 3 months 3 VjJ I By mall 1 month '....'.'. $ .TO! L THERE, THE2E, UTS ALL OVER VOUVE.GOTASCOO OLD- FASHIONED aÂ»y COMING T O V O U . . ON SOOy's SQR*y TO SEE THE JNGHTMARES LAST OF THATSR3T/ABOUT IT... . CA.O!... you DOPE?...YOU SAP' I C*MT THINK OF WORDS TO cA,i_u you NO.NO.' 5O IN AND SITDOWN.INEEDA CUP OF TBA. VJE'LL HAVE ONE TOSETrlER.' BUT-BUT-H'M-THINGS DON'T LOOK THE SAME AS THEY USED TO. NM WHATS DlfTEPENT ABOUT IT? MIS WAY, BUDDY. ! KMOW MY WAV AROUND IN TMlS HOUSE. I'VE BEEN HEBE OFTEN ENOUGH.' I WOULDN'T TM KNOW, WE NEVER BEEN HERE 6ETOPEJ VIB3ENT YOU CHILDREN JUSrHtAVEN-SENT-TO ITWASRIGHTQN OUQV/AY. LET'S. HELP ME HOME WITH THIS LOAD, AS YOU "' DID? MERUH MU5T KNOW \ AT OWCE WHAT YOU ~) TOLD ME ABOUT C MORGANA LE FEY/ K \ HERE'5 HISOmCE- BUT, YOOE MAJESTY/ I OOWT LIKE _ -PUFF- GALLOP wsffilf*-*TM I Tr-r-, ,--^^ I'M CL4P ' YOU'VE COME/ JUST RECEIVED "THIS MESSAGE/ -5^Â«^ Â£?*Â» tS^fj-. ^fejg? CAM I HAVEYOUB )TSAPe(2FÂ£CTlY TERRIFIC IDEA.' RNY LUCK5OD YOU TALK TD LON* ITS THE oets CHASINS THATMCME ACTOR." YOUTHMKING WHAT I'M THINKING? -THEMCVIE STAR-AND TlMlkK ATTEMPTS TO EXPLAIN HIS METHOD OF ASSURING A. JUNCTION BETWEEN WS SCACE SHIP ANTHE MOOM THE MOON 15 APPROXIMATELY mooo \sttvrr PROW THE EARTH . UN SPACE SHIP AVERAGES bO.OOO MILES AN HOUR-AFTER , IT LEAVES OUR ATMOSPHERE.' IN FOUR HOURS THE SM1P WILL HWESOME -BARRING ACCIDENT- mooo MILES. CLEAR' NO? r PERMIT ME TO DRAW DIAGRAM. VOtf BETl PLEASE MEPB1TT, LET ME TAKE SCOUT TO PAlHTED GULCH! HARM. CO AV/ ftRTHeS!