The Mason City Globe-Gazette from Mason City, Iowa on January 15, 1943 · Page 10
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January 15, 1943

The Mason City Globe-Gazette from Mason City, Iowa · Page 10

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Mason City, Iowa
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Friday, January 15, 1943
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£^xia2^33tei^fiji«2fe2Ks2sa^^ MASON CITY GLOBE-GAZETTE MASON CITY GLOBE-GAZETTE An A. W LEK Uiued Every Week Day by Ui« MASON CITV CLOBE.CAZCTTC COMPANY 1JJ-123 Cut SUM Strwt TtlepbOnO Mo. 1800 LOOK OUT BELOW , FRIDAY, JANUARY 15, 1943 Entered as second-class matter April 17, 1930. at ibe post- OUice at Mason City. Iowa, under the act ot Klarch :i. 1879. LEE P. LOOMIS Publisher - W. EARL HALL - - - Managing Editor ENOCH A. NOREM City Editor LLOYD L. GEER - Advertising Manager MEMBER ASSOCIATED PRESS - The Associated Press Is exclusively entitled lo uie use for republicatlon of all newt dispatches credited to ft or not othenvtse credited to thla paper and also tht local newt published herein. FULL LEASED WIRE SERVICE e» UNWED PRES!» MEUBFK IOWA DAILY PRESS ASSOCIATION, with DCS Molnes news and busfnesa offices at 405 Shopa Building. SUBSCRIPTION RATES Mason city and Clear Lake, Muoa City and Clear Lak*. W the vear JIO.OO by the wwk t» OUTSIDE MASON CITS ASO CIXA« LAK« AM". WITHIN 100 MILES Of MASON C1T1 Per year Dy carrier ..»!0.00 By mail S moniTia «3JJ Per week by carrier..* 20 By mail a months. .JI.75 fez year by mail . . . . * a.OO By maU 1 month...» £0 OUTSIUE ID* MILE ZONE Feryr. S10.00 6 months 1550 3 moauis S3.UO 1 month Jl.OO Food Must Be Counted a Vital Weapon of War O NE OF OUR farm friends has served notice ^ on us that he's coming in some day soon for a face-to -face argument 'with us about our, position .with respect to conscripting agricultural workers for the armed services. It seemed to be his impression that we had come out for a blanket immunity from the draft for all who live on the farm, expressible in these words: "If you are a farm worker, you automatically are exempt from conscription." " That hasn't been, isn't now and isn't going to be- our position. And to avoid the necessity of defining terms and stating the question ,when this scheduled argument comes about, ,it might be well to state just where we stand. * ft s WE HAVEN'T, let it be said at the outset, any ·* serious quarrel with the way things have worked out up''to this time. It hasn't been perfect. Few things are in this life. In some cases farm boys have been taken for the armed services who could have made a greater total contribution to the war effort in the area of food production. In other cases, doubtless, there has been an unwarranted escape from draft service. But generally speaking, draft boards here and elsewhere have used with good judgment such discretionary power as was at their com- · mand. The time has come, however, when the tremendous importance of food production must be more carefully scrutinized. Individual eases'must be examined with a view to determining where- the individual farm youth of selectee age can accomplish the most for the war effort Under certain conditions, induction into the armed services may be suggested by the findings. Under others--and these will probably be the more common--it may be ruled that the youth not only should but must stick to his food production job. V-vTCtfS;.examination by draft boards or their agents should be thorough enough to ferret out those infrequent attempts to hide behind the farm production deferment. In short, the guiding principle should be- Everybody to the place where he can give the greatest service." The personal desires or inclinations of the individual ought not to be decisive. Cold logic--not sentiment--should prevail. * * * TQOUGHLY this is the way the draft has worked out for workers in airplane and munitions factories. Those in authority have recognized how ill-advised it would be to send men into battle if they were short of the tools of war - Well, food is no less a material of'war than tanks and guns and planes. To an increasing extent, America is being called upon to feed and clothe the fighting forces of our allies Our own armed forces are growing. And the civilian populations in territories freed from enemy occupation must be cared for. It all adds up to an inescapable' requirement for maximum food production. And it would be seven kinds of nonsense to let fertile land lie idle for lack of labor with which to plant, cultivate and harvest the crops. rlrJ^J 1 TM atter of or Jinary good business, our draft machinery must give intelligent heed to this problem so vital in bringing the war to a victor! lous conclusion at the earliest possible moment So, with that, the stage is set for our comine argument. And well report on results! Smile When You Gripe! ^N ARMY in the field always grumbles. In- beeffn* °H S aSSCrt that a certain amou nt of ±r^ d ,JTM« !? L n H alti « ! ° f ** mono. Minnesota Gov. Harold Stassen'g president!*! aspirations have received a significant boost through the recent contention of William Randolph Hearst's political stooge, George Rothwell Sf°il n rV'f clrect ,. that he has "written himself off the list of republican possibilities." * * 9 Except for thc fact that he seems to possess no qualifications whatever for the job, there is no proper basis for criticizing Ed Flynn's appointment as Australian ambassador * * » ' ' Back of just about every gossip story designed to set American race against race or creed against creed, you'll find a slimy nazi hand * * * The confidence with which newscasters pronounce these Russian names creates the impression that they really know. * * * In these days of curtailed gas, any relative who lives more, than a few miles away isn't to be considered close. * » o Rationing may yet cause some of us fat ones to do what we didn't have the stamina to do on our own account · * ¥ Just a year ago Timoshenko was the military toast of the world. Whatever happened to him anyway? s * * * The march of lame ducks now bids fair to reach to Australia. PROS and CONS Some Interesting Viewpoints Gleaned From Our Exchanges Workers WUlinc to labor Longer Northwood Anchor: The theory that a forty- hour work week is demanded by workers because of the physical strain of longer hours is proved false by the very fact that workmen are not only willing but eager to work, more than forty hours-- especially if they can get time and one-half pay for extra hours. In justice to labor it is only fair to say that many, if one may believe their own. statements, would be glad to work forty-eight and even sixty hours a week' at REGULAR hour pay. They would like to use the opportunity to get financially ahead while the work is plentiful. Union leaders will not permit that, the idea being to do as little work at bin pay as they can force upon employers. Soldiers' Coffee Iowa City Press-Citizen: Presumably in an attempt to demonstrate that the army is doing its «?*! in self-denial, the war department reports that soldiers get 'coffee with only one mea! a day This may make some civilians feel better about the terrible hardships they must endure Others-- perhaps most-- will react differently If there is a coffee shortage, it is not necessary to deprive our fighting men in order to assuage civilian feelings. Soldiers and sailors should have 5 A " ^ ey want il - even if civilians Does anybody question that, Hope Springs Eternar N\V\ REMEMBER? GOOD HEALTH No Hardship in Prospect *! *? 3I £ Sentinel; While the headlines tell us is to be a year of sacrifice for the people of HHll*"^ 8 * about «*te"«SSwte f h l n ^ the P ros P ect so far to indicate that any great hardship will result. Rationing may stop some of the waste, but will still leave .-j the yowling has a shoddy ring bas^Tn some ab of U the 0 more l ? ttoni ? g * handie *. ' ances of thc red-tape bo'ys? aTe^fl'^gM^ So^c udicrous mistakes have been made, and lively outcry and uproar may hasten ' Food Important in Winning War Orange City Capital; Food alone may not win this war, but food is next to cold steel in the winning factors. Our meat, milk, eggs, poultTM and grains furnish the health and energy our mcn need at the fighting front and put workinu muscles on factory workers. We have a bie iob ahead m 1943. By the grace of God we must produce more. j"'"oi More Bigid Control Washington, Iowa, Journal: When the end of the spending era comes, as it certainly must, some type of rigid governmental control will be waiting. Down through history it has always been waiting at the end of governmental mismanagement. And we have no reason to expect an exception in our own case. Could Americans Take It? Webster City Freeman-Journal: We sometimes wonder if the people of the United States would have the courage and stamina to stand up as well as the English and Russians have under severe punishment, and we do not want to have that doubt proved or disproved by actual experience. Away From the lxr Cabin Tradition Davenport Times." The news that more and more of our babies will have to be'delivered at home is; going to help keep alive an old American tradition. This country could probably not survive the day when a maternity hospital was enshrined as the birthplace of a president The Dictator's Belly Ache _ Algona Upper Des Moines: It is sad that Premier Mussolini of Italy is suffering from cancer of the stomach in an advanced stage ard it is not thought that he will last long. Well well it seems true that "the mills of the Gods grind slowly but they grind exceedingly fine." Or So It Often Seems Austin, Minn., Herald: Why is it that most of the men^vho try to grow mustaches are the ones Easy to Gire and Hard to Take Dubuque Telegraph-Herald: Advice is just as easy to give and hard to take as medicine. From Globe-Gazette Files FORTY YEARS AGO A little excitement was created on Main street last night by the Ideal American Laundry horse running away. He got tired of standing so long waiting for his driver and concluded it was supper time and took a hike. No damage was done to the wagon until it reached the alley at the rear of the laundry, when it turned over and broke a wheel. THIRTY YEARS AGO s 5? W( **n esda y evening G. M.-Haz)ett and staff Sr 1 i ^--9j ' com P° sed o£ Messrs. Washburn, McAuley, Kidder and Mossman went to Rockwell and installed the officers of fraternity lodge No 344. Preceding the installation second and third degree work was put on and a banquet followed. A bust of General Grant has just recently been received by the city schools and will be placed in the assembly room of the Grant school The new steam laundry on Fifth and'Washing- ton streets is rapidly reaching the top of the first TWENTY YEARS AGO t ?OY- Fischbeck, district manager of the Mutual Life Insurance company, is one of the 50 salesmen selected by the company to enter a four ^^i 15 ^ 01 "TM 6 schtx)1 at Bos t°»- Ooe other man. Fred Murphy of DCS Moines, was chosen from Iowa The-school of instruction opens Feb 5 Fiscbbeck \9ill leave Mason. City about Feb. 1. TEN YEARS AGO «., · T ,7 L C ; hri | tma ? Eeal commi 'tee has received 51,337.75 to date in returns from its annual campaign which opened Thanksgiving night with the mailing of the seals to Mason Cityans. Sixty per cent of the proceeds will remain in Mason City and the remainder will be divided between the state and national tuberculosis prevention organizations. ABOUT BOOKS By John Selby "ITALY FROM WITHIN," Massock (Macmillan; $3). by Richard G. ignorant of Pledged our allies food and necessaries, and we fa 1 B £Z? that f ° 0tJ Sent t0 A£rica '^'example is a fighting weapon of the first quality Anybody who complains because he can't get thick porterhouse any time ho wants it should C ^'ould be n-or -" ' h ° Russians *"ould or if thc isla "« °f Britain 3nd W ° werc lc « wWout poundins the hcil out of ° f were b t that nHvan T Hitler Let us rather give thanks that we have cnoueh to spare so that our allies can stay in the flgh ta TM f v Vf,? nks that %vc arc n «M£ ing range of the enemy here at home. Let us in. o e d be thankful that we can make efle live our individuai b « ° . Food and oil reserves are as necessary as am- nuBition reserves. We'll have plenty for all, Vith luck and good management But if we h a d n t management we'd soon all be short-and that means the army, the navy and our allies Nobody with a grain of intelligence can contemplate thnt prospect without a shudder , Editorial of the Day THE WORLD OF TOMORROW Warren Nelson in Thornton Enterprise QF COURSE the war isn't over yet but with v thoughts of what peace will eventually brine Sma^f-^ thrDU S. h °" '^ world, it stretches the !? if E? tlon . 7l considerably. For instance there probably will be a world-wide police force with 1cT \ e .'. y . c ° un . tr y sharing in the responsibility. The United States will probably have a standing army in khaki m every country in thc world. Married men now serving in the armed forces will probably return home first and the single men will be delayed as they must stay "ever on the watch ' Yes perhaps a United Slates soldier's policeman's whistle may be heard by you wherever you may £L"M atel J yCarS o£ travel " A" 11 th =n, too, per. naps the form of money exchange will be the same throughout the world. When the nation, gather for that eventual and f ore verlasting peace *r,rt nS A, v? w m lt d S , tates wiu have the m °« vote, and probably the American dollar will take the place of francs and marks and so forth- in the various countries. So as you face and assist dur! ing the hardships ot war today, also plan and be Tr,?v n K r the numcr °"s changes of tomorrow, returns " Starlllns as your 1943 in c°mc tax «DY THE SPRING OF 19/12," Richard G. Mas- TM^so ,, ,5? ys towar d 'he end of his "Italy from Within, "Fascism had ruined itself.' 1 Mr. Massock s book is the story of that ruination -nu . - 1S V as the tiUe suggests, told from within. That is to say, Mr. Massock has been representing Hie Associated Press in one or another European capital for a decade or more, and the last part of his stay has been in Italy. Before he went to that country he was by no means cut off from iuuian happenings. In a continent sprouting with dictators, the affairs o£ one country are pretty likely to dovetail with those of another There are two sides to Mr. Massock's effort, completed since his return to America last summer. One js a more or less formal history of Italy under fascism, which is to say under Mussolini until recently. The record is obscure at places to all of us, and Mr. Massock claims to have found httle new. What he has that most miters on the subject have not is a peculiarly good sense of observation, and a capacity for sensing the tone and temper of a person, or an event This serves to point up the otherwise formal story to give it life and color. · The other side, perhaps thc more important one, is Mr. Massock's tolerance, born out of a long newspaper experience and tempered by the good American newsman's fundamental honesty, l he Italians never have been aria singing nitwits to Massock, nor have they been boors. They have W'°th' P "° ° ThCy remain P e °P le ^ "Italy from This is true because all through the book the author has inserted the small detail of their life Some of this is to be found in the chapter on Mussolini's "love life," and on his strange relation with his peasant wife. But more comes out in the description of. for example, his jailers after war was declared; the life in Siena whirl nobody ever bothered the interned American cor! respondents although they had the run of the town: of the way in which Massock was served and Germans made to wait in Italian restaurants natSm'T y iT thi " 6S d ° n0t mcan thc unitcti nations can walk unopposed through Italy when re H d ft ? Ut th , cy do indicate a tre " d that «£?£ and that may be very important in a few months. By Logan' Clendening, M. D. TESTS OF VACCINES TIERE WE ARE in the common cold season *·* again and we may expect, if former years are a criterion, that 50 million Americans will come down for a few days with more or less disability from this cause. We hear health propagandists say, "Acoid thc common cold so you will not lose any days from the war effort," but they do not tell, unfortunately, just what means to take to do this avoiding. The old gag about avoiding falling hair by stepping nimbly to olte side doesn't apply to tho common cold. If anybody wants to kno wthe full i wisdom that I have acquired in over half, a century of contact [with the common cold and would like to ask me how to prevent it and how to treat it, I can reply in three words, towit: "I don't know." The use of cold vaccines may do some good, but I don't see how we are going to obtain a | vaccine when we don't know anything about the germ that 1 causes the cold. Curiously enough, the use of vaccines by mouth seems to be somewhat more successful than Dr. Clendenint the use of cold vaccines given nypodermically; it certainly makes the process simpler. There are several cold vaccines which can be taken by mouth which can be obtained from a pharmacist. Reports on a large number of people using these vaccines have been made for several winters. In one winter 500 persons were selected and cold vaccines given by mouth; 560 controls were used who got no cold vaccine by mouth. Following them through the whole winter, it was found that there was about a 45 per cent decrease in the number of colds in the individuals who took the vaccine. Another study shows that in a group of 11 people who were followed fro 3 years as to the actual number of colds they had, there were 61 colds. In a year in which all of them took the cold vaccine by mouth, only 2 colds occurred in the group--a decrease ot 96.7 per cent. This may be a little optimistic, but at least taking the vaccine, will do no harm. I have a little more confidence in cold vaccine taken by mouth because in the people I have seep who had taken it, there was a reaction for several days, as if they had a mild cold, with running from the nose, itchy eyes and cough This would seem to me to indicate that a reaction occurred and encourages me to believe that possibly there is something in this new method of prevention. After you have a cold, I don't know of anything that is calculated to do you any good except to go home and go to bed and stay there lor at least 24 to 48 hours. The old-fashioned remedies are just as good as any, such as a\muslard foot bath and hartshorn Jjniment rubbed on the chest and a glass o£ hot lemonade after you get to bed eye® OBSERVING Lantern Light Lyrics By Ray Murray of Buffalo Center IN TUNE WITH TREES I've noted beauty In the tree* And mirked h»w well t h e y make » sjmpHony ot line «n« I've e«n them stand knee.detri In snow TTielr It4n, blick ahXcms streaklnr. out lonr D»U. for ·n« to «o. I've heard tkelr liny, new Ie»ve» jlni A iminr. HCtlnit lll«ny to hermld in the sprlnr. I've fell thc eoolnen or their shade Tlielr jptf.ainf tranches ahieldlnt- mo from heat * brlthl sun made. I've smelled the fragrance or their finei wi"*l' nl """" bubbllnr throith mr noslrilt lil« rl«l Tee taitri «f n, traits thej- yield And trom tbelr wood* have rationed took jn! weapon. Tnen maj- wield. ''ve sensed the v.rrnlnes* of trcrs S% "e" """ '""*' '*"" '" m « n "» respon.s I* Ii m h, » n - For Gripers lit hope the next time you jjihcar somebody coniplain- ing about rationing restraints you will call Hie complainer's attention to the new course being offered to Australian troops. This, I should explain, is not a course in foods, such us a scry- ing of meat or dessert, but a course'ot training to enable (he Aussies to find sustenance in thc bush as aborigines do. Its special interest to the United States lies in the fact that American soldiers are fighting alongside the Australian forces in the bush of New Guinea and sharing their are and their hardships. The new course, according to official wrd from the Australian government information service, is designed to make the soldier independent of ordinary supplies if he is cut off or isolated. The diet which falls within the term "ordinary supplies" is nothing to brag about, judging from the letters received from some of our soldiers there. The food prospects of a soldier cut off from his own field kitchen are even less. Troops will learn how to get water from roots of trees and from shells dug from drying mud. They'll learn that the bark of a certain tree, crushed and thrown into a river, will dope fish and bring them to the surface within an hour. They'll learn that on- iomveed bulbs, thistles, witchy grubs and ant eggs can be made palatable. Witchy grubs are large white wood grubs regarded as aboriginal delicacies. The authorities don't claim that they are satisfying, but say they will keep a stranded man alive for weeks. --V-Don't Criticize! MB^s commend to : all readers 'OS?*" tne spirit sst forth in the. following counsel f r o m tho current bulletin of the Iowa Retail Hardware association: "A certain association recently charged local rationing boards with favoritism on gasoline allowances. No doubt there are inequalities but we dislike to see rationing boards blamed for a mess when they are innocent victims. "People who are serving on these - boards are taking a real punishment without compensation and mostly damnation. It prob- bly would be better if more business men served on the local boards. However, that is not always possible or advisable. "When there are local patriots who will serve, let's show them courtesy, and, shall we say, 'Sympathy.' " One Accident Maybe One Too many It might be your lost SAffrr COUNC*' Courage ^admired this little dis- ^ course on the subject ot courage, penned by some unnamed writer: "Courage is that great spiritual force supposedly bom in some and not in others. "Courage docs not mean the absence of fear; it does mean Hie power to go forward and to carry through your job despite fear. "Intelligent men thc world over have fear . . . but courage overcomes that fear and takes them on to victory despite obstacles. "The physically strong are not the most courageous. Courage is an intellectual quality of determination brought about by knowledge that most fears are destroyed by going forward, to do your task, with a trust in divine guidance." --V-- j^« 1 I I C ^^ IDAYS GOUQUE To STANLEY BAUMGAHTNER OF MASON CITY--for winning a coveted appointment to the West Point military academy. While assuming leadership in a number of extra-curricular activities in the local high school, Stanley has achieved one of the finest scholastic records in the history of the local institution. Everything about his bapkground suggests, that in his days at' the "Point," he will be a credit to himself, his family and the community which so proudly claims him. DID YOU KNOW? By Frederic J. Hoskin EDITOK'S NOTE: For in answer to »n- question of Uet write "Muon CHr Globe'Gazette Information B u r e 2 u. Fredecic 3. flaskln. Director, Waslvlnf' ton. D. c." Fle»e serjii 3 cents poktafft for reply. Why fs the British army In Northern Africa called the Eighth? F. L. The British Information Service says that the term "British Eighth Army" designates an army operating in a certain area. What is thc smallest mammal in the world? W. M. It is the Crocidura, a shrew. When George Washington was placed in command of thc Continental army, wbu signed his commission? S. I. It was signed by John Hancock. '- How many words arc there in Sir William Bereridge's plan for social security? A.' P. 200,000. -What bird is the greatest fisht- cr? P. H. Probably, the hummingbird. How many business failures were there in 1942? C. N. There were 9,400. Is it true that Gen. Chiang Kai- shek once was kidnaped? N. W. He was kidnaped at Sian on Dec. 12, 1036, by Gen. Chang Hsueh-Liang. Are coffins mentioned in the Bible? P. N. The coffin of Joseph is the only one mentioned. Genesis 50:26. What is the title of Ihc poem in which a soldier's knapsack is likened to thc crucifix of Christ? G. E. "Prayer of a Soldier in France" by Joyce Kilmer. How far distant is Cuba from thc Panama canal? E. S. The distance is 720 miles. Where is thc largest ranch in eastern United States? F. E. The largest is believed to be the 42,000-acre Stuart ranch in Virginia. What is fhc strongest insect? The goliathj beetle is believed to be the strongest. How many members has the ew York City police force? G, G. There are 17,588. What is meant by thc expression an Oxford blue? I. J. An athlete who represents, fiis university is called a blue, par- liculariy at Oxford and Cambridge. Arc there any bridges slill in existence that have chapels upon them? M. E. A few stlil remain in England and other parts of Europe. When was Ihc Foreign Legion created? R. G. The French Foreign Legion was created by vote at the French parliament on March 9, 1831. Do all clouds come oat 'of the Wrest? W. T. ,,-,f ne ' u - s - weather bureau ssys: Clouds arc carried along by the winds.' Where was Ihc first btjr fire in (he United States? U. W. In Boston on Aug. S, J679. What is (he meaning of' "(he composition "Finlandia" by -Sibel- ius? F. F. It is a tone-poem in which the great composer pictures the beauty of Finland's scenery. .* What are sinuses? S. F. They are air spaces in the bones or the head which connect with the inside of thc nose by means of small openings. What was Jhe fastest time ever made by the pony express? H. F. A distance oE 1,960 miles in 7 days and 17 hours. H 01V great a discharge of heat is there from radium? M. U. Mme. Curie said this substance releases each hour a quantity" ot neat sufficient to melt its own weight in ice. ' Da"'" iT^ thC " MiUl " onaire f( "- » John Jay (Butch) McDevitt native of Wilkcs-Barrc, Pa Is the coral snake dangerous? A. U. Its venom is highly poisonous. week during the first six Who was : thc first to write the . Robert Ingcrsoll in his .oration on , Thomas p a ; ne sajd o£ h - '. TM ·T?, S TT G ^ io wrile mesc words- ·The United States of America'''' . The war department says that it 0 - 'V s °- calicd commando it m the army. " as "* 200-inch telescope of ' Tho completion of this great CS an almost perfect substitute for sugar its uses, snd its food *g hon rf rCeipes for C °nfection1 honey drop cookies, honey nut bread, and also tells how to adjust cake recipes for honey. --USE THIS COUPON-The Mason City Globe-Gazelle Information Bureau Frederic J. Haskin,' Director Washington, D. C. I inclose herewith 5 cents in com (carefully wrapped in Name Street or Rural Route City Slalo {Mail to Washington, D. C.)

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