The Mason City Globe-Gazette from Mason City, Iowa on January 19, 1945 · Page 1
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January 19, 1945

The Mason City Globe-Gazette from Mason City, Iowa · Page 1

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Friday, January 19, 1945
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NORTH IOWA'S DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME "THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS" VOL.U Aiaoctatcd Ftraa »d United fits* rull I*md Wn ITiv* Cent* m Copy* MASON Cmr. IOWA. FMDAY, JANUARY It, IMS NO. U RUSSIANS START FOURTH DRIVE German Forces Join to Form Solid Front on Maginot Line BRtTISHTROOPS TAKEHONGEN3 MILES IN REICH Yanks Capture Border Town of Rosport, 6 Miles From Trier ·Paris, (IP)--The Germans burst out of the northern end of the Rhine bridgehead above Strasbourg. Friday and linked up with other forces in northeast Alsace, forming a solid front against the U. S. 7th army along 40 miles o' the Maginot line as far west as Bitche. 'The situation on the southern front was regarded at supreme " headquarters as i n c r e a s i n g - ly grave. Into this potential springboard for another big attack, the enemy was pouring a steady stream of reinforcements over ferries and pontoon bridges, across the Rhine from Strasbourg to Karlsruhe. In northern Luxembourg, Lt. Gen. George S. Patton's 3rd army was on th« move again under fire of Siegfried line big guns after breaking the German Sure' river line. The Americans were pressing the enemy back against the pur river boundary within. 6 miles of heavily fortified Trier. His latest .advances ranged to. 2 ' indies or .better. .The 3rd army men fought. in4vhite;:carnbuflage suits, ' . blending . The BrUisk. on the north 5 tared Hongen.Z miles inside Germany In their thrust from the Dutchr' panhandle between, the Maas (Mense) and Boer. German stands on the north side of the bulge solidified within 4 miles of St. 'Vith. Between those forces, U. S. Isl I army troops were blocked 4 miles f north of St. Vith, key to the road chain through which Field Marshal von Rundstedt first struck into Belgium through the snowy Eifel and Ardennes mountains. In northeast France, the American 7th army lost its toeholds in Herrlisheim and Sessenheim, 11 and 16 miles north of Strasbourg but captured Auenheim and Len- terhebn below Hatten in the area where the Maginot line closes up to the Rhine. Rundstedt was trying to catch his balance between Luxcmbour; and Holland, where American am British attacks ground up to 2 miles forward in slushy snow. Any of the thrusts by the 3 allied armies in the north and center might .burst at any mom en into .. a ;f ull force onslaught, endangering Germany from the wes as the Bussians endangered her from the east The German commander hai managed to get a few pummetet tanks and guns of his 5th and 6th panzer armies back out of the smashed Ardennes bulge, but these constituted his only known mobile reserve. Most of the units needed refitting; the reserve could not be before Dusseldorf, St. Vith and Trier at the same time. Hongen, which fell to the British 2nd army with American ar- tillery'support, is 38 miles from Dusseldorf on the Rhine. It lies about'8 from the Roer river, along which the U. S. 9th army held static positions within 28 miles of Dusseldorf, an arsenal city of 540,000. All along the British front curling from Geilenkirchen to Roermond, German defenses stiffened after the Tommies had gained more than 4 miles and driven the foe from at least 8 villages. The main Roermond-Sitiard road was broken. The British crossed that ruad from Echt and fought into Schilberg. They also seized Heide, a half mile north of Echt. Far north in the flooded no- man's land two miles north of Nijmegen, a strong German lighting patrol attacked British outposts and held their ground overnight, renewing the assult at dawn. This was not believed to be a major thrust, however. Third army infantry won control, of a third of the picturesque Luxembourg- town of Diekirch (pop: 3,700) in a pass leading four miles into Germany. The old world town, nestled in snow in a deep valley, was virtually snr- rounded. Gains in the new attack averaged around two miles. Other troops o£ Lt, Gen. George S. Patton's army pushed east to a junction of the Sure and Our rivers at the German border, just west of the Siegfried line. They fought inside Erpeldange and Bettendorf, three miles on either side of Diekirch. Seize Control of Rosario; Cut Off Japs General MacArthur's Headquar- *rs, Luzon, (U.R)--American invasion troops seized almost complete control of Rosario in the northeast corner of their Luzon beach- lead Friday, sealing off strong Japanese forces entrenched in the mountains around the Philippine summer capital of Baguio, 14 miles away. Other American "units massing strength on the central plains 37 miles south of the Lingayen gulf were believed awaiting the fall of Rosario, 5 miles inland from the eastern rim of the gulf, before resuming their frontal smash toward Manila. The capture of Rosario would effectively block the only practical highway along- which Japanese troops in the Baguio area to the northeast could mount a counterattack against the eastern flank of the American beachhead and endanger the rear of spearheads pointed toward Manila. Supported by the big guns of warships in the Lingayen gulf, American doughboys broke into the outskirts of Rosario Wednesday despite what Gen. Douglas MacArthur's communique called "strong enemy resistance." Field reports said the opposition came principally from artillery and mortar batteries. Little hand- to-hand skirmishing was reported Only a few miles east of Rosario lies an excellent airstrip. The Japanese, in an llth hour attempt tcrs'ave/Urdaneta, counterattacked "-with'^several EO-caUeo tankettes, but were quickly repulsed. The .tankettes are light, small tanks carrying 37-millimeter guns, but their armor is so vulnerable that it cannot withstand even .50 caliber machinegun fire. Once Rosario and Pozorrubio have been" secured firmly, it appeared doubtful that MacArthur would send his troops farther northeast into the mountains toward Baguio for the present, but instead would concentrate -on the drive toward Manila. Northwest of Rosario, doughboys were advancing north along the coast of the Lingayen gulf toward Agoo, 6 miles above Damortis. At the center of the beachhead the Americans completed the occupation of Paniqui, 76 miles north of Manila and a dozen miles abovi the provincial capital of Tarlac after twin advances from Moncada and Camiling, 4 miles north and 11 miles west northwest of Pani- qui respectively. A tour of the front showed tha the force.at Paniqui, awaiting tht consolidation of their northeastern flank before striking out anew toward Manila, have built up huge dumps of ammunition and other stores. Bridges along the road from the coast have been repairs t and transport was moving forwan in a steady stream, * s's i|- :t; ·% % ^ GROUP HEARS REASONS FOR NURSE DRAFT Committee Postpones Hearing: on Work · or Fight Legislation Washington, ) -- The house military committee temporarily sidetracked manpower legislation Friday to take a look at the womanposver situation -- specifically the armed forces' heeds for nurses. Before tackling at a later executive session an anti-closed shop amendment to the work-or- ie drafted bill for males between 18 and 45, the committee called a public hearing on another measure to permit the drafting of nurses. It sought from MaJ. Gen. Norman T. Kirk, army surgeon general, the reasons why .the army and the navy are short of nurses and why they believe a draft law is necessary to fill the gaps. The nurse-draft bill was introduced by May (D., Committee Ky.) after Chairman President Roosevelt asked for it in his message to congress on Jan. 6. It would require the registration.of every Registered nurse between the ages of 18 and 45 and permit their induction as privates under regulations prescribed by selective service officials.' It was needed, the presidenl said, to meet the armed forces' needs for 20,000 additional nurses. The president also asked for the worfc-or-be-drafted bill the committee has under consideration, and- May said he hoped the committee would approve, it by nightfall.. H o w e v e r , committee differences thwarted May's hope for approval Thursday night and there were some committee members who predicted an agreemenl would not be reached before nexl week. So sharply is the committee split on several provisions--as well as the entire subject of drafting men for jobs other than fighting-that May Thursday invited Gen George C. Marshall to make a personal appearance. . However, Marshall declined the invitation and stuck to his original position, outlined in a letter to President Roosevelt, that congress must do something quickly to relieve the manpower pinch and furnish men and material for the armed forces. The committee, which Thursday rejected, 14 to. 6, a move to substitute a modified form of the original Austin - Wadsworth national service bill, still faces many hurdles. Young, Old Nazis Fight on Red Front London,. (U.R)--The. Germans threw boys of 16 and men of 50 or older into the soviet breach on :heir eastern frontier Friday and answered Prime Minister Churchill's call for the reich's immediate surrender with a defiant "never." The official DNB news agency conceded that both the very young and very old, along with police units, had been rushed to the front lo bolster nazi army units falling sack in chaotic retreat from Roland. The clandestine Atlantic radio said Heinrich Himmler, gestapo chief and commander ot the German home army, had taken over the military (raining of boys as young as 15 for service in the regular army-and the Volksturm (people's army.) German radio broadcasts con- :inued to emphasize the gravity of She situation in the east and warned that Premier Stalin was striking with 155 divisions and 25 panzer corps in an all-out effort to 'bring complete German destruction." From Stockholm, meantime, came a fantastic 1 new crop of rumors regarding Adolf Hitler circulated by the "free German press bureau." The rumors, which the agency acknowledged were "most fantastic," said Hitler: 1--Has suffered another nervous breakdown. 2--Offered to lead a German RED DRIVE ROLLS INTO REICH, , ,, L £ INTO REICH--Radio photo taken as soviet fighting men press back the enemy in Budapest, capital of Hungary, on their way to a juncture with other red legions which have already captured Warsaw, capital of Poland. Burning nazi installa- tions'appear in the background. B-29's Bomb Aircraft Plant on Honshu Island counter-attack against -with the RUST !Ct __________ 3 -- r s supervising fortification work around his villa at Ober- Salzberg. ' . . - " . . . The same source said that military circles in Berlin were opining privately, that further resistance was completely useless. Even nazi party members rapidly were losing all hope, he said, while the Berlin man in the street was convinced. that war soon would be over once . the Russians capture Breslau and upper Silesia. Claim Nazis Lost 120,000 inOffensive Supreme .Headquarters Allied Expeditionary Force, Paris, (/P)-The Germans suffered 120,000 casualties from Dec. 12-Jan. 11 in their offensive to split the allied front in the Ardennes, supreme headquarters announced Friday. Allied casualties, predominantly American, were 55,421 during the same period. Of these, 18,416 were lost as prisoners. YANKS GAIN ON LUZON -- Control of Rosario in the northeast corner of the beachhead was reported almost completely taken over by Yank forces Friday as the Ameri,cans drive on toward Manila. The Americans took Binalo- nan and thrust east of Damovtis in their steafly push. A - S u p r e m e headquarters announced Thursday that American casualties during December were 74,788. This covered a different period, however, including the first 16 days of December in which fighting occurred in the Saar and on the Roer river before Cologne. It did not extend into the first 11 days of January when 3D American divisions were flattening out the German salient. In addition to German losses in personnel, of which about two- thirds, were killed or seriously wounded and the rest prisoners, the allies destroyed a mass of enemy vehicles and' other equipment, including 600 tanks and assault guns in the Dec. 16-Jan. 11 period. "Four panzer divisions have been smashed and 4 panzer or panzer-grenadier divisions badly battered," headquarters said in an estimate of what it called the extent of the German failure. "One parachute division has been destroyed and 8 Volksgrena- dier divisions have been rednced m infantry strength by more than half." Included in the 5th and 6th panzer armies and the 7lh German army which Field Marshal von Rundstedt employed in the Ardennes were 8 armored divisions, 2 armored brigades, 2 armored grenadier divisions, 2 parachute divisions, and 13 Volksgrenadier divisions, headquarters said. While the Ardennes battle is not over yet, '!its pattern is clear and it is possible to estimate the extent of the German failure," it said. HIT INDUSTRIAL CENTER, PORT 21st Bomber Command Strikes From Marianas Washington, (U.R) -- A s t r o n g f l e e t ' . o f B-29 Superfortresses bombed ;industrial t a r g e t s at Osaka, Japan's greatest -manufacturing center, Kobe, her largest ports rand-the important-Kawashi- aki aircraft plant at Akashi on the main enemy home, island of Honshu in daylight Friday, The giant 4-engined bombers struck at Honshn for the «h time this month while Admiral William F. Halsey's hard-hitting 3rd fleet remained for a 3rd day under radio silence that screened preparations for new carrier - based raids on Japanese bases south of the homeland. ; A brief war department announcement disclosed that Brig. Gen. Haywood S. Hansell's 21st bomber command had hit Honshu from bases in the Marianas and promised additional details following the return of raiders. Tokyo radio said 80 B-29s participated in the attack, aiming mainly at the Osaka-Kobe area and Hamamatsu, 130 miles to the east. "Some damage" was caused, B Japanese communique said. Osaka, 250 miles west of Tokyo, Is Japan's 2nd largest city and greatest war production center. Its factories turn out iron, steel, ships, tanks, planes, funs and explosives, Kobe, a few miles to the west, handles more shipping than any other Dingle Japanese port and also is a shipbuilding and railway equipment manufacturing center Hamamatsu is a' less important manufacturing city on the Tokyo- Nagoya-Osaka railway. Tokyo previously has reported several nuisance raids on, and reconnaissance flights over, t h Osaka-Kobe area, but it never had been hit in strength by tbi Superfortresses. The Japanese Dome! agency said several echelons of B-29s also made "scattered raids" Fri day on the Chubu and Kinki dis tricts, a wide belt of territory run : from coast to coast across central Honshu, FCC monitors said. The Japanese warned the resi dents of Formosa to expect in tensified large-scale air raids in the future, a Formosa domesti broadcast reported by the FCC said. The Japanese warned the residents of Formosa to expect intensified large-scale air raids in the future, a 'Formosa domestic broadcast reported by the FCC said. Buy your War B o n d s and Stamps from i-our Globe-Gazette carrier boy. hurchill's Policy Given 340 to 7 Vote London, (JP)--Au attempt to ex- ress censure of Prime Minister -hurchill's interventionist policy n liberated lands was beaten 340 7 Friday in the house ot com- ons.. . Technically the vote' was -on a war appropriations- bill. -vSome critical ; laboritrs annouultd be- 'orehand that; alth"ongfi'~they op- osed British policy 'ft. Greece and taly, they would not vote against he bill on the grounds they might be accused of impeding the" war effort. Churchill himself was in the louse during the vote and was cheered wildly as he left with Foreign Secretary Eden. Shortly before the vote, Eden :old commons that Britain would ilace before the forthcoming "big 3" conference a demand for creation of machinery with power o deal quickly and jointly with nternational political problems. ^e said Britain was ready to go to almost any length "in order that the machinery may function." The British government, Eden said, was "not fully satisfied with :he existing machinery for international co-operation on a political plane," and had been "rather troubled" for some time about the setup. In one of the most bitter attacks ever made on the prime minister in commons, a speech which drew protests from members, Bevan declared that "there is no single politician more capable of distorting the facts than the prime minister." He asserted HIT BRIDGEHEAD ON SENIO RIVER Rome, (/P) ---Counterattacking 8th army forces have smashed small bridgehead which the Ger mans established on the soutl bank of the Senio river earlie this week and have driven th enemy back across the stream, al lied headquarters announced Fri day..: ; . . _ ' _ . :.,. i _·;:·_;::;.-, Hea'dmiarters disclosed Thurs day that the bridgehead had bee established near Fusignano, abou 13 miles northeast of Faenza an 14 miles inland from the Adristi coast . Weather Report FORECAST Mason City: Snow Friday after noon and Friday night changin to flurries Saturday. Colder lat Friday night and Saturdaj Lowest temperature Saturda morning about 5 above at Maso City. Iowa: Cloudy with occasional ligh snow and little change in tern perature Friday night. Saturda light snow and colder. Minnesota: Cloudy Friday nigh and Saturday with occasiona light snow Friday night. Colde Friday night and much colde Saturday. IN MASON CITY ' Globe-Gazette 'weather statistic: Maximum Thursday Minimum Thursday At 8 a. m. Friday Snow secret commitments by Churchill YEAR AGO: were a factor in "ihe Greek tra- maximum Minimum of the war now recedonted in the "The ferocij raging is uni war annals of the world, and the Japanese empire is really facing a crisis," the official statement said. Gen. D o u g l a s MacArthur's southwest Pacific bombers have b e e n hitting Formosa almost nightly from Philippines bases, B- 29s from China have attacked the island . 3 times this month and carrier-based planes of the 3rd fleet also have struck repeatedly. There has been no word of the whereabouts of the 3rd fleet since its latest carrier-based air attack on Formosa and the China coast Tuesday, but it was expected to make its presence felt explosively to the Japanese within the next I few days. YANKS TAKE COVER FROM JAP ARTILLERY ON LUZON --American soldiers take cover in a gully just after capturing the town of San Jacinto and the Japs started shelling them. The action occurred shortly after Gen. MacArthur's forces had invaded the main Philippine island of Luzon. CLAIM CAPTURE OF KRAKOW IN SOUTH POLAND Nazis Say Garrison in Budapest Retreated Across Danube River L o n d o n , /P) -- Marshal Staliu nnounced Friday night the cap- ure of Krakow, reported ' by ublin several days ago. At the same time the Russians nnounced a 4th offensive in the Carpathian fringe ot southern 3 ola«d had scored a breakthrough o a depth of 50 miles on a 38-mile ront. The 4th Ukrainian army ed by Gen. Ivan Petrov, hero of Odessa and Sevastopol, captured orlice, 65 miles southeast o£ Crakow; Jaslo, 15 miles northeast i t Gorlice; and 400 other towns, italin said. Stalin's order of the day indi- ated, however, that the Russians n this drive south of Tarnow and vest of Sanok, had advanced much closer to Krakow by forcing both the Wisloka and Dunajcc ivers, north-south tributaries of he Vistula. The Dunajec is about 35 miles east of Krakow. Berlin said the "garrison of Judapest withdrew to the western bank of the Danube," a conflrma- ion of Moscow .announcements .hat the entire German force in ?est on the east bank had been disposed of. The language of the Berlin com- nunique indicated, however, that :he entire Budapest position had been written off in the high command's books. With the. German communique speaking o* the "onpushing Russians" in that sector, it was evident that German forces in Buda, on the west bank, were resigned to soviet occupation of all. quarters of the .city shortly. ·_ ' : Moscow dispatches said 'the : roll::'" of prisoners rose from about 6»,- 000 Thursday night to 65,009 F r i d a y morning in Budapest Less than 3 per cent of Budapest was in German hands Jan. 16, by Moscow account. Budapest would be the 7th European capital to be freed from German domination by the allies. Russian cavalry was thrown into the soviet sweep of western Poland that has covered 70 miles from Warsaw to Lodz in 2 days. Berlin admitted that several key towns shielding the German border had been evacuated and binled that a general withdrawal inside the German border was underway. A mighty frontal drive on Berlin is beginning to take shape, said · Moscow dispatches. Lodz is 250 miles from the German capital. The troops of Marshals Gregory Zhukov and Konstantin Rokossov- sky in the center and north were overrunning the · snow - covered countryside iiv a fashion hardly matched in this war, with Cossacks and Siberian horsemen spearheading the advance. The red air force, out in the strength of 30,000 sorties in the last 72 hours, was reported master of the skies and was sweeping German airdromes just inside the reich's border with massed raids. The German high command .said a battle of the "greatest _._ , , r , f j ferocity" was raging all along Ihc Polish line from Krakow and Czcstochowa to Lodz, Kutno and the Vistula. Moscow dispatches confirmed German reports that Heinrich Himmler's h o m e guards, the volkssturm, had been encountered on the frontiers of Silesia but so far Berlin was the only source of reports that Marshal Ivan Konev's 1st Ukrainian army had actually stormed to the reich's border at the southern end of the Polish front. Th« Russians were grappling with ever-increasing numbers of Germans In that sector and Konev's breakneck advance had been sloued. But Moscow dispatches said the fall of Krakow, capital of Poland in ancient times, was imminent and that red army- units might actually be across the German border. The Russians, 3 miles outside Krakow Thursday night, had wedged into the city streets by Friday morning, said Moscow reports. Konev's tanks already had battled into Polish Upper Silesia southwest of Czestochowa, 15 miles from the German Silestan border, and were threatening the Krakow garrison with encirclement. Faced by the Russian squeeze north of the Carpathians and the drive north of the Danube, which would be given additional impetus with the fall of Budapest, the German high command said it was carrying out a "disengaging movement" in eastern Slovakia, where a thin mountain wedge is thrust into soviet lines. 34 28 28 Trace 51 25 1

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