The Mason City Globe-Gazette from Mason City, Iowa on April 27, 1936 · Page 4
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April 27, 1936

The Mason City Globe-Gazette from Mason City, Iowa · Page 4

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Monday, April 27, 1936
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MASON CITY GLOBE-GAZETTE, MASON CITY GLOBE-GAZETTE AN A. W. LEE NBIVSPAPEB Issued Every Week Day 6y the MASON Cm GLOBE-GAZETTE COMPANX 121-123 East State Street Telephone No. SSi KEMBER, ASSOCIATED PRESS wfilch Is exclusively entitle to the use for publication of all news dispatches credited to It not otherwise credited to this paper, and all local news. MEMBER, IOWA DAILY PRESS ASSOCIATION, with D Molnea news and business ortrees at 405 Shops Building. SUBSCRIPTION RATES Union City and Clear Lake, Mason City' and Clear Lak by the year $7.00 by the week ? .1 OCTSIDE MASON CIWT AND CLEAR LAKE Per year by carrier JT.OO By mall 6 months 12.2 . Per week by carrier . . . . J .15 My mall 3 months _ J1.2 Per year by mail 14.00 By mall 1 month i .5 OUTSIDE 100 MILE ZONE Per year......$6.00 Six months... .53.25 Three months. ..{I, 1 SOMETHING OF A MISNOMER cpHAT the name, "American Veterans Association, is quite a big name for such a little organizatio was evident in the report recently made by Donal V. Hobard, national commander of the organization on demand of the World war veterans committee o the house of representatives. Membership income at $1 a man totaled 56,528 i 1935. There was a division, however, in the item be tween "national association" and "chapter" income leaving it'doubtful whether the total membership i 3,077 or 6,528. The former is about the member ship of the American Legion in the fourth congres sional district of Iowa; the latter about one fifth th American Legion membership of Iowa. The large total is approximately l-166th of the total Legion membership nationally. The report of the American Veterans' association revealed contributions from 272 individuals in 1934 and 1935. Of these 214 were World war veterans whc pledged all or part of their bonus payment These gifts aggregated ?90,964 and non-veteran contribu tions totaled $9,605. Of the 272 contributors, 209 were from New York, 39 from Boston and suburbs, 9 from New Jersey and 5 from Connecticut. The remainde were scattered through the eastern states, the only two contributions from west of Pittsburgh were from 1 each from Illinois and Texas. Breaking the contributions down further, let u look to New York. Twenty-six of its donors gav Park avenue addresses; 8 were from Wall street, from Fifth avenue, 5 from Broaaway and 1 from Riv erside Drive. In short they came from the pink te section where liveried flunkies opened the door t top-hatted callers. Which is all right, we presume in its way. But the purpose of this -little editorial is to lavit attention to the utter absurdity .of the name,. "Amer lean Veterans association." We think of some othe: nomenclature that would be far more appropriate. WHAT LIES BACK OF IT? ·^·0 ONE angle of the Ethiopian rape by Italy--unless it be the impotence or perfidy of the league of nations--will have a greater interest for Americans than the enthusiastic support of the 1 Italian invasion by the Hearst press in America. This s port has been pronounced in both, news story and editorial from the start of the so-called war. A few days ago, that chronicler of the obvious Arthur Brisbane, devoted a part of his column to detailing some of the "terrible atrocities" perpetrated against Italian soldiers by Haile Selassie's troops. "It would enlighten Englishmen and others moaning about the use of poison gas by Italians if they could see the evidence of Ethiopian brutality laid before, the league of nations," Mr. Brisbane observes. But'in peddling this war atrocity bunk which was forever discredited during the World war, Mr. Brisbane passes over the fact that Mussolini's troops are in Ethiopia on an essentially burglarious mission. Just who is entitled to consideration, bringing the case down to our own home--the armed burglar who enters to kill and rob or the family whose home is entered? . Neither Mussolini nor Hearst has ever given one honest or reasonable explanation of why Italian troops have smashed their way across defenseless Ethiopia. The truth plainly is that Ethiopia's only sin was having the land which H Duce coveted in his ambition to be a modern Caesar. How this can be even debated is a mystery to us. Nothing ever done by the Hearst press is more despicable than this support of a war-mad dictator. If the American public--even that part which falls for yellow journalism--doesn't wake to the miserable- ness of this course, we shall wonder the more whether our average intelligence is great enough for self- government. BOSS OR LEADER? /TiHtS STATEMENT of the difference between a boss and a leader, clipped from J. W. J.'s department in the Chicago Journal of Commerce, is passed along to readers as the best thing that hag been written on the subject: "The boss drives his men--the leader coaches them. "The boss depends on authority--the leader depends on good will. "The boss inspires fear--the leader inspires enthusiasm. "The boss says T--the leader says 'we.' "The boss assigns the slavery--the leader sets the pace. "The boss says 'get here on time'--the leader beats 'em all to it. "The boss fixes the blame for breakdowns--the leader fixes the breakdowns. "The boss may not know how to do it--the leader always knows and shows how. "The boss makes work a drudgery--the leader makes it interesting. "The boss says 'go'--the leader says 'let's go.' "There is a whale of a difference--don't you know!" STREAMLINING POLITICS ·U7HY wouldn't it be' a good scheme for political party managers to hire some of these bridge experts to plan the strategy for the coming campaign? Nowadays the first requisite in politics, as in business, is to give the public something new in order to arouse its interest. What would do this better than a series of diagrams showing the cards held by each party, how the cards could be played most effectively, and means of "squeezing" the opponent in a way to destroy the value of his aces and kings. There could be a series of "asking bids" in the from of platform planks "pointing with pride" or "viewing with alarm;" then a round of "doubling," "redoubling," and all that sort of thing, followed by the play Itself (after the conventions are held and the G. O. P. candidates selected.) In a way, that's the very procedure now being evolved, but the trouble is that politicians don't know how to dress up tbei stuff to fire the imagination of the voters. Come on, you political sharks, and modernize you stuff. FOREIGN AFFAIRS By MASK JR. Bl'EKS rpHE league of nations has signed its own death cer J. tificate, and all that remains of this historic effor to substitute the rule of law for that of force in in ternational affairs is the mutilated corpse. In wha manner and how soon the remains will be interret is yet to be seen; perhaps it will be turned into a mummy and kept on formal exhibition. But the spin departed when the league officially gave up its effort to protect Ethiopia and left Mussolini alone with hi conquest. That was the effect of the resolution at Geneva and the official text made hardly an effort to conceal it A pious hope was expressed that the sanctionist na tions would continue to refuse commercial dealings with Italy, and a milk-and-water resolution wa: adopted condemning Italy for using poison gas, thi effect of which was counteracted by condemning Ethiopia in the same breath for maltreating prisoners The net result of the whole business is the father and mother of a diplomatic licking for Anthony Eden an Great Britain, the weary surrender of any furthe: effort to make the league an international authoritj --and a terrific impetus added to the internatioria armament race, as the large and small nations realiz that each must now look to its own safety in the general war that now impends over Europe. The league of nations has been desperately sick ever since it permitted Japan to assault China and make away with Manchukuo. It was in feeble health even before that, but it has been dying since. Mus solinl gave it the death stroke. No doubt apologists will now emerge in numbers explaining that it died because the United States did not join. Which is buncombe. As a matter of fact whenever the league had real business in hand, the United States played ball with it better than some of its leading members. What actually happened was that the league was born with a fatal weakness. I was in reality a machinery to enforce the unjust Dadly designed treaty of Versailles--an unenforceable international statute. The elaborate machinery for legalistic solution of international disputes was a mask for this purpose, and wherever it seemed that the machinery might in the future be used to re-design the treaty to give the victims a break, the machinery was so fixed that it could not operate. In the final upshot it wouldn't operate at all. It was all an elaborate and costly hoax; and the pity of it is that if the designers had done an honest piece of work it might have been effective. It wil perhaps be centuries before the peoples of the worl will pluck up hope enough to try again to establish a system of collective security. And how many wars and what destruction, will come in the meantime? * * * DONT BE TOO SURE THAT GREAT BRITAIN IS BEATEN rpHE fact that Great Britain failed miserably in ·*· attempting to rally the league against Italy is apparent. It is not so apparent, however, that this ends the business. Great Britain has been beaten" in many a skirmish, but she has never lost a war in Jie long run since the days of Elizabeth. It is more :han likely that her campaign against Italian commanc of the Mediterranean and the sources of the Nile is ust beginning. Napoleon conquered Europe, but fel. n the end. before the dogged machinations of the British. Mussolini will have to be better than Napoleon to escape his fate. Already the British have the matter in hand. They have a naval arrangement with Greece and are mak- ng overtures,to the Balkan league, which will in due course close off Italian ambitions to the. east. Mesl mportant of all is the sudden decision of Turkey o fortify the Dardanelles, in violation .of the treaty if Lausanne, Britain, however, gladly approves, and o does France, however angrily they protest Italian and German treaty-breaking. The point is that a fortified Dardanelles cuts off Italy from the oil ports of ie Black Sea. Britain is retreating in apparent confusion from Geneva, and her massed fleet in the Mediterranean being quietly removed after having failed to overawe Mussolini. But the campaign against the new laesar goes quietly on throughout the near east. It will be a principal motif of international diplomacy hroughout the new chapter of European affairs which is now opening. -* * * WILL GERMANY'S LOST . COLONIES BE RETURNED? rpHE Franco-German affair is in.a state of suspense J- and will continue to be so until after the French parliamentary elections at the end of the month, [·hereafter activity will revive. In the meantime trial balloons are floating up from both sides which give ome clew to the course of the negotiations which will hen be resumed. Both sides, it appears, are considering what might je done to reach a settlement by giving back Germany's lost colonies. This has been a persistent theme Great Britain, and while the government denies ;hat it has been considered, it is noteworthy that Premier Baldwin point blank refused to ansjver a ques- ion in the house of commons as to whether he might onsider it in the future. The German press, always governmentally con- ucted, is full of talk about recovering colonies. A olonial Memorial day was celebrated to fix public ttention on the matter. Perhaps most important of all the logical French ave asked London to get from Berlin a definite :atement of just what Germany wants in the way f colonies, and what promises she is prepared to make bout European matters in case she gets them. Will he, for example, be willing to pledge herself to make no effort to acquire territory from Jugo-Slavia, Austria arid Lithuania? Thus it appears that the provision of a colonial mpire for Germany has been selected as the exit for he impasse created when Germany smashed the Lo- arno treaty and occupied the Rhineland. While France as been conducting military conferences with the elgians and the British general staff as a precaution, nd is now about to open similar negotiations with he Russians, there seems to be a real effort pending o give Germany a good price for promising to keep peace. How good a price may be seen in the fact hat while previous suggestions about colonies to Germany centered about Portugese possessions in Africa, ow Britain herself is seriously envisaging surrender f her mandate over Tanganlika, the fruitful African erritory that was once "German East." British im- erialists and South Africa are furious at the sug- estion, but they might like European war even less. It is still a question, of course, of how much of a ealist Hitler is. The policy of a dictatorship depends n the moods of the dictator, and Hitler may be so et-up by his numerous victories that he may be ncjined to place the price too high. Thus far,«on the hole, Hitler has been successful because he has een taking back what really was Germany's; he has een re-writing the Peace of Versailles to place Ger- 'nany in a position of equality with other great pow- rs. Even the French, outside of the political world, 0 not see this as a great wrong or even a threat, ut now Hitler has gone about as far as public opinion 1 the world will allow. He cannot get back the old erman boundaries in Europe without forcing the ucccssion states to fight for their 1 independence, and lat is all that remains to be done in Europe. -Restoration of the German colonial empire is a air offer, and if Hitler doesn't take it he will be oiish. The alternative is war, a war in which Gerany could not now win. It will take her several years ore to reach a stage of equipment in modern wea- ons in which she could match Prance alone, much ss France, Belgium, Russia and Britain, not to men- on the Little Entente. DAILY SCRAP BOOK . . . . . by Scott HAD -fHREE EYES -TtiE. REMNAH-foF A. EVE OH of -Tte. BElllEVED -To BE- -tflE CjREATEST RECORDED RAINFAU FbR. A. 2.4-HoUR PER.10D--46 IHcH.ES- DURING A-typHooM in-frit- · PHILIPPINES, OL1LY 14-15, A 16- OUNCE 61EAM ENqiME WAS USED OME OF lt EARLY; MODEL'S , 5090 of -THE SfXMPS .cf -THE WORLD M?.E OVE.RPRIN1EP 4-Z7 COEYRIGHT. 1936. CENTRAL PRESS ASSOCIATION BuiL-fiN I8S4- -TfiE SIPER. -HOWEVER WA6 SUPPOSED -HELP PEDAL IttE MA.CH I ME DIET and HEALTH By LOGAN CLENDENING, M. D. MURMUR OF HEART NOT FATAL "/CONSIDERING all we read about the increasing *·' toll of heart disease, what should a young person who has a heart murmur do?" It is unfortunate that a physician ever has to :ell anyone that a murmur can be heard over the leart. Sometimes it is inevitable, as when an applicant for life insurance is refused on those grounds, naturally wants to know why he is not accepted and in that way learns of the murmur. It would be about the only way he would learn of it because a murmur does not produce any symptoms or make Itself known in any way. In a considerable number of instances, the murmur is of a functional nature, anyway--caused..by a temporary change in the viscosity of the blood, or'in the relations between the lungs and heart. These functional murmurs are likely to disappear and reappear, and so far as anyone knows, either the appearance or disappearance is without significance. _ _. , . Due to Change in Valves. Or. Clendemnz Actual murmurs in the heart in young people are due to a mechanical change in the icart valves. Like any mechanical derangement in the presence of a flexible muscle like the heart muscle, it is easy for the muscle to compensate for :he difficulty and simply do a little more work every day. This compensation may last for many years without the presence of any discomfort whatever, and hese patients have been known to live to quite advanced years, well beyond the scriptural limits of hree score and ten. In cardiac clinics one can see whole rooms full of patients who have murmurs, with students and physicians listening to them, while the atients sit placidly there, many of them white haired, laving lived with their murmurs this long time they are quite indifferent to them. Indeed, it probably is not such a tragedy as may be intimated even when they do learn about their murmurs. Some of them have a few black days, and hen brace up and discover that they are not so badly off after all. But, of course, in a few cases the -knowledge leads to brooding and unhappiness. Not Easy to Do. Theoretically, a person with a heart murmur should attempt to reduce his bodily activities, and select em- iloyment that is not too strenuous. Practically, this s not easy to carry out and the patients themselyes usually ignore it. In the circular sent out by the war epartment, the instructions about accepting men for army services, and this under the strenuous condi- ions of war, so far as murmurs were concerned, were s-follows: "Murmurs..may occur to perfectly healthy hearts, specially under the influence of excitement or ex- rtion." And murmurs of this kind- were not con- idered disqualifying for active service. Much more important, apparently, than exertion Is irotection of the patients against infection--tonsilitis, tc., and even the common cold. This is especially true n children. Whether these infections can be prevented r not, at least bed rest and extra care should be maintained when they do' occur. The kind of heart disease that causes the warnings about the increasing toll is of a different sort, ssociated with changes in the arteries and heart muscle. But even that kind is not as bad as it is paint- d. It may also run along for a number of years. With care and medical attention the disability may e kept at bay for a long time. As witness the age t which the peak of the mortality from heart diseases omes nowadays--70-75--which isn't exactly being cut ff in one's prime. TOMORROW APKIT. 57 By CLARK KIX.VAIRD Notable Births--Lionel Blythe, known as Barrymore, b. 1878, cinemactor Hugh L. Cooper, b. 875, distinguished American civil engineer who built oviet Russia's greatest dam and power project Harold Bauer, b. 1873, distinguished pianist and com- oser Jehudi Ashum, b. lf94 in Champlain, N. destined to be the only American to establish a oreign nation--and remain an American. He was 8 and a Congregational minister, when he set up the olony in Africa for freed American slaves which be- ame Liberia. ONE MINUTE PULPIT--For which of you, intending to build a tower, sitteth not down first, and counteth the cost, whether he have sufficient to finish it?--St. Luke. EARLIER DAYS FBO.U GLOBE-GAZETTE FILES Thirty Years Ago-Miss Anzonetta Moore returned yesterday from California. She left the Pacific coast a week before the earthquake so fortunately escaped the experience. .The Rev. C. H. Bonn of the Episcopal church left today for Decorah on church business. Mrs. Hattie Day Ogden and Miss Pierce have returned from a sojourn in Florida and Kansas. Mr. and Mrs. W. A. Hawkins left today for their home in Spring Valley, Minn., after a visit with relatives in the city. Mr. and Mrs. John D. Glass left today for Krein- ersville, Wis., for a few days outing and recreating. Ed Vincent has returned to his home In St. Louis, Mo., after a visit with relatives in the city. Mr. and Mrs. A. C. Griffin returned today from California where they .spent the winter. They were on the train enroute ; from "Los Angeles to San Francisco when the earthquake shock'occurred and we're considerably shaken up although the train was not derailed. Twenty Years Ago-, Miss Mildred Fruden of Dubuque is in the city for a brief visit with relatives. Mrs. S. B.: Holstad and daughter Millie of Northwood spent the week-end in the city with friends. H. Jennings left today for Sheffield where he will be for a few days on business. C. S. Trainer of Ackley was in the city visiting friends yesterday. Miss Anna Volbrecht visited yesterday in Charles City. J. B. Simmons returned last night from a visit at Sioux Falls, S. Dak. L. M. Cisco left today for a week's visit at his home in Finley, Ohio. Mrs. Leo Figge and daughter of Waterloo visited in the city with relatives yesterday. D. A. Royce returned to his home in Finley, Ohio, last night following a week's business visit in the city. Ten Years Ago-Mayor T. A. Potter went to Minneapolis on a business trip yesterday. Mr. and Mrs. B. I. Bright and daughter, Helene, returned today from a three months stay in Florida. Everette and Melvin Burzette, hunted for six weeks by officers in all parts of the middle west on the charge of murdering Morris Van Note, Lime Creek school director and farmer March 13, were arrested at Tulsa, Okla., Sheriff G. E. Cress was notified. Sheriff Cress and a.deputy expect to leave for Tulsa at once. WASHINGTON--The Belgian war debt agreement was approved by the senate today. Mr. and Mrs. John Kinney have returned from an extended trip in the west. Dr. W. J. Egloff was injured yesterday in an automobile accident, suffering serious scalp wounds. ALL OF US By MAKSHAI.L .MASLJ.N FOUR IN ONtf N EARLY EVERYBODY knows that inside of him (or her) are many individuals. If you don't learn it soon, you're sure to learn it later, and you need not be shocked or surprised when you discover that you are not one person, but many. There's the Wise Man; there's the Fool. There's the Brave Man; there's the Coward. And there's the Angel and there's the Villain. The Wise Man part of you knows just what to do, not because of anything he has learned, but because of what he has always known But the Fool makes the silliest mistakes. He may know what to do, but be doesn't do it. His attention wanders, his mind goes blank, he makes errors that make him wonder why the fool-killer didn't get him before he grew up. And the Brave Man, he faces life boldly. In a Efreat crisis he squares his shoulders and takes the slow squarely without flinching, and it never occurs to him that he can do anything else But the Coward, surprisingly, shrinks from even little responsibilities. He wavers and procrastinates and wishes he'd never been born. The Angel is a decent sort, too good for the muck of life, but strong and decent. He is tolerant, fair, unselfish, you can always see the wings sprouting at his shoulder blades But the Villain is peevish, mean and jealous, violent in his hatreds, · tenacious in hs prejudices, and unpleasant type. It makes some men and women quite sad when they begin to suspect that they are so many individuals in one Youths and maidens, particularly, take the discovery very hard As they grow older, however, they learn to accept it with some philosophy and to do the best they can to encourage the better half of themselves and hold the other half down. But, at best, it's no easy job. OBSERVING rii^^ SINGERS ABE BEST WHEN TAKEN IN MODERATION tgtii. am impressed by an item SgS^ from New York how thin a »ss?"^ thread it is that suspends trie thing called appreciation. While the multitude scrambles to pay its mon ey to hear Lawrence Tibbett sing, those in the apartment building occupied by him in Gotham have let it be known that they wouldn't be disappointed if the Tibbetta decided to move. And they have. They're going up into Connecticut on a farm, where the famed concert singer and movie star can exercise his lungs and vocal cords without restraint. They're leaving the building in question saying that they were annoyed by radios in adjoining apartments. But that sounds more like an excuse than a reason from this distance. The case suggests that even the lover of music could have too much of Lily Poris, Grace Moore, Jeanette MacDonald, Gladys Swarthout, Nelson Eddy or even Enrico Caruso-if he had to hear them too often or at too close range. Speaking of Nelson Eddy, when that famous vocalist recently gave a concert at the University of Wisconsin, he sang in the auditorium which is in more or less .unfortunate proximity to the university dairy school and the odors of the cow coi- luge were apparent throughout the program. Coming back to sing an encore, Mr. Eddy announced that he would conclude his program with what seemed to him a fitting number--"London DAIRY Air." HELPING DRUNK DRIVER OUT OF DITCH IS BARKED. received from G. S. a. clip- out of the Billings, Mont., Gazette which contains a safety editorial he thinks might be applicable to the Iowa situation. It has to do with a warning issued by the state highway patrol of that state against helping drunken drivers get their automobiles out of a ditch and on to the highway. It constitutes "giving assistance in a crime," according to the editorial. "To many who haue a natural sympathy for anyone in distress," says the writer, "this decree may seem a trifle too harsh. But most of us must agree that the plight of an individual is unimportant in the consideration of the vital subject of public safety. To all thinking persons, this provision of the highway satrol law is wise and just. 'It must be remembered that every drunken driver is a potential murderer. Let the man or woman behind the wheel go into action with several or more drinks under the belt and the way is .opened .to possible tragedy. The driver loses ordinary caution and in its stead acquires a false confidence and the feeling that it is all right to take a chance. "Such drivers are dangerous when they are traveling the streets and highways but when their automobiles are in the ditch they are safe, having lost the weapon that malms and kills; When a drunken driver is found stranded along the roadside, it is the obligation and duty to advise the nearest highway patrolman. In this manner you lend a hand in preventing a possible needless accident." DEO YOU KNOW THIS ABOUT IOWA BUILDING. , ^·^ had always assumed that Sgjgg the Iowa building at the Chips'* cago world's fair of 1893--a structure which is still Jackson park landmark on the lakeshore.j · drive near the Midway--was espe-»- cially built for the exposition. But W. B. S., writing in the Chicago Tribune, has set me right on this point, aa follows: "Long before the world's fair was thought of, the building now known as the Iowa State building stood as and where it now stands in Jackson park. It was known as the pavilion. When the world's fair was planned there was located north of the art building a double circle of buildings known as the various state buildings, most of which were of stucco, or staff as it was called then. The pavilion, which had been built some four or five years before, was utilized by the Iowa state" commission, and by inclosing the open space below the roof with temporary walls made a very satisfactory building for the purpose. "After the fair was over the temporary walls were removed and the building resumed its original status. I think old timers will appreciate a reference to the original purpose of the building and its use by cyclists and picnic parties as a place of shelter and meeting. The writer attended more than one picnic in his youth in this building." --o-THE SPIDER KNEW WHERE TO GO FOR A QUIET LIFE __ expect this little story about i S f g M a r k Twain, recently ^^ printed in a Connecticut ; newspaper, to be widely reproduced ;in the press of Iowa: ; "Mark Twain once was the editor of a Missouri newspaper. A superstitious subscriber wrote to him saying that he had found a spider in his paper aJid was it good or bad luck. The humorist printed this reply: " 'Old Subscriber: Finding a spider in your paper was neither good nor bad luck for you. The spider was merely looking over our paper to see which merchant is not advertising so that Be can. go to that 'store, spin-his,.web across" the door, and live a life of undisturbed peace ever afterwards.'" Answers to Questions By FKEDEB10 3. RASKIN PLEASE NOTE--A reader can Ret thy answer to any question of fact by writing the Mation City GlotatGazette'ft Information Bureau, Frederic J- Haakln, Director, Washington, D, C. Please send three (3) cents postage lor reply. What is U. S. yearly loss by floods? G. H. The weather bureau says an average of 26 years is 541,580,000. This sum, however, can be considered only a rough approximation, as it is mpossible to obtain statistics on the subject that may be considered close estimates. ere postal money orders used in the Civil war? T. B. First issued Nov. 1,1S64. The reason for issuing money orders at .hat time was due to the fact that it vas so hard to send money to the soldiers during the Civil war. Postal authorities knew the money order system had been used success- 'ully in foreign countries, and so they organized the .money order service. When is an etching an original? . S. . Struck from the original plate. Will Mexico have a flower fete? --M. R. A tournament May 2-6. How is the Washington navel eedless orange reproduced? C. W. Originated at Bahia, Brazil, in the arly part of the nineteenth century ;nd introduced into California y William Saunders of the department of agriculture, in 1870 through Mrs. L. C. Tibbet of Riverside, Cal. The seedless orange is propagated almost entirely by budding. Are many children born after the death of the father? M. T. One child out of every 280 born in the U. S. is posthumous. Will fruits grow in Alaska? S. S. Apples, cherries, peaches, pears, ;rapes, strawberries, raspberries, ilackberries, currants and gooseberries are being experimentally grown in Alaska. Tell of Karlsbad. J. G. It is one of the most celebrated and fashionable watering places of Europe, situated at the western ex- remity of Czechci-Slovakia. Famous or its hot mineral springs, the ally flow of which is estimated at wo million gallons. The name means Charles' bath, Charles IV of France having bathed there. The ity is also noted for porcelain manufacture and has a population of bout 19,000. How long does It take to become dnijr addict? W. S. Lt. William F. Bowler, 65, veteran larcotic agent says, "It takes only rom three to six months to become a confirmed addict and after that dds are against you. The addict irst becomes a liar, then a thief and inally a degenerate. Three-fourths f all narcotic victims can blame heir plight on · criminal environment; 10 per cent started on the ope habit because of doctors' hab- t-forming prescriptions; another 10 er cent started during the World war; and 5 per cent first used narcotics during illnesses." How many parks in St. Louis? O. F. The city has 65 parks. Forest park, the largest, contains 1,381 acres. Other important recreation grounds are the Missouri Botanical Garden, Tower Grove, O'Fallon, Carondelet and Lafayette parks. How much spent annually on golf? E. L. Estimated the ?,000,000 golf players in this country spend approximately $54,000,000 a year on the game, exclusive of club membership and attendant expenses. Does milk sour more quickly In pans or bottles? D. F. In pans because it is more exposed to the bacteria which cause the change. How much does an egg weigh? C. S. . · Average, about two ounces. The average egg is 11 per cent shell, 32 per cent yolk and 57 per cent white. Where is the Perkins memorial drive? W. S. To the top of Bear mountain, a memorial to the late George W. Perkins who served from 1900 as the first president of the New York commissioners of ,the Palisades Interstate park. Work on the drive was started Nov. 21, 1932. It was dedicated Oct. 31, 1934. I I Presidents, Families Who was the youngest inaugurated president? The oldest? Which president was a bachelor and who was his white house hostess ? Which presidents had members of their' families married at the white house? There are many such inti 7 . mate and interesting facts about the presidents and their families--from . George Washington to Franklin D. · Roosevelt--in the booklet "Presidents and Their Wives." Enclose 10 cents to cover cost, postage and handling. Use coupon. The Mason City Globe-Gazette Information bureau, Frederic J. Haskin, director, Washington, D. C. I enclose 10 cents in coin carefully wrapped) for the booklet "Presidents and Their Name Street City State (Mail to Washington, D. C.)

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