The Mason City Globe-Gazette from Mason City, Iowa on May 3, 1934 · Page 3
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May 3, 1934

The Mason City Globe-Gazette from Mason City, Iowa · Page 3

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Thursday, May 3, 1934
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THURSDAY, MAY 3, 193-t MASON CITY GLOBE-GAZETTE A LEE 8TNUICATE NEWSPiMSK MASON CITY GLOBE-GAZETTE THREE MASON 121-123 Ewt State street HP. 3800 LEE P. LOOMIS W. EARL HALL ENOCH A. NOREM JLLOXD JU GEER - . . . Publisher - Managing Editor . - - City Editor Advertising Manager MEMBER OF THE ASSOCIATED PRESS--The Associated Press is exclusively entitled to the use for publication of all news dispatches credited to it or not otherwise credited in this paper, and »--·* also all local news published herein. Mason City and Clear SUBSCRIPTION RATES Mason City and Cleat LaHe. 5£ S SSS G months ...... 52 no I 3 months W-S JS.OO 81* monlh»....t3.00 TBrte mimth»...S Scriptural Thoughl^-This is my rest lor ever: here wUl I dwell; for I have desired it.-Psalm 132:14. MORE "AIR-MINDEDNESS" M ORE passengers were carried by civil airplanes , last year than in 1932, but the mileage flown was Jess. The differences, however, are only slight. There were more than 1,800,000 passengers carried in 1933, and about 5,000 less the year before. In 1933 the miles flown by the planes were 125,865,390, whereas the miles flown in 1932 were 129,111,667. Moreover, during- the last half of 1933, the civil planes flew 45,912 miles an accident. These statistics have just been made public by the aeronautics branch of the department of commerce. The bureau has made public also the fact that California had the largest number of pilots licensed with the department of commerce as of April 1 the number being 2,500. New York is second with about 1,500, and Illinois ranks third with 866. Pertinent or Impertinent CLERGY CONSENSUS A REFERENDUM has just been conducted among American clergymen to determine their attitude toward the question of war-and national defense. Some 13,000 out of the 20,870 queried declared their determination not to sanction or participate in any future war under any condition. By lop-sided majorities, disapproval was voiced against military training in high schools or colleges, against protecting the lives or property of American citizens in other lands and against America's building her armaments to treaty strength. "Substantial reductions in armaments even if the United States is compelled to take the initiative and make a proportionately greater reduction than other nations are yet willing to do" were favored by a five to one margin. Under the heading of "economic and political questions," there was overwhelming indorsement of drastic limitation, through the inheritance tax, of the amount of wealth that may be inherited by an individual, of limitation, through the income tax and the removal of tax-exempt sources, of the annual Income that may be legally retained by an individual, of compulsory unemployment insurance under government administration, of national unions rather than company unions and of "a co-operative commonwealth" as distinguished from the "rugged individualism" capitalism of America before 1929. A bare majority favored private ownership of banks, under government regulation as opposed to a system of socialized banking. A "drastically reformed "capitalism was favored over fascism, communism, socialism or some other political system. Most interesting perhaps of all, however, is the vote on the question, "Do you favor the immediate entrance of the United States into the league of nations?" On this, 10,101 voted yes, 5,987 voted no and 4,158 said they were in doubt. Those opposed and those doubtful combined are almost exactly the same number as those in favor of adherence. It is doubtful whether any other group could be found in America which would, in the light of history be this much in favor of the league of nations. The showing seems to this newspaper to indicate how much detached from things practical our church leadership Last year 33 per cent of our national income waf absorbed by government. This year it will be 40 pei cent, according to calculations. Which is it: Government IN business or Government IS business? .. ^~s. Now we know where all that state government sav ng comes in. The new red book is only half as large as its predecessors under republican rule. If Mr. Tugwell was to go on running the depart ment of agriculture, it was no more than fair that his iay should be raised. -N. For sheer ingenuity Vern Haig's proposal to merge owa with Ames and'then close Ames must be given ligh rank. , . . . - - .. Clergymen holding to the naive belief that America will gato security by making itself defenseless-- like China-- would naturally think of the league of na tions in terms of President Wilson's prediction rathe than as the organization which has actually come t pass. . We are strengthened anew in the opinion that ou good clergymen are at their best when they stick t the job for which they are trained and hired, minis tering to the spiritual life of man. DAILY SCRAP BOOK All make right, Mr. Weather Man. You've proved you can it dry. Now let's see you make it rain. OTHER VIEWPOINTS THE EFFECT OF BOOZE ON HUMOK Mitchell County Press: There are a lot of folks hese days--mostly kids--who seem to think there can be no humor without liquor. If some one acts or alks amusingly you're sure to hear some of them say, "He'd had just enough to make him funny," as hough he possibly couldn't be funny without reach- ng at that so-called humorous stage of intoxication. Twive lately I've heard that sort of comment about men who had indulged in some amusing repartee and :un, and of my own knowledge I was sure that neither lad been drinking at all. As a matter of fact, had they been drinking they wouldn't have been so bright, it's well enough known that intoxication doesn't sharpen the wits, but does quite the opposite. The only way liquor can add anything to the brilliance of any sort of performance is by feeding it to the watcher and listener. An audience with its perceptions dulled )y liquor is more easily amused. I once sat at a banquet close to a man who had been drinking. This man ordinarily has a keen appreciation of wit and humor, and is not amused by anything that lacks real humor: TMt on this occasion he made himself appear rather dumb by going into paroxisms of of laughter over things that struck others as little better than dull. If you want to appear witty and clever, keep yourself sober and get your associates drunk. NOT AVHAT IT USED TO BE Wisconsin State Journal: Lack of business is clos- .ng many liquor stores. In Ohio where a state distribution system has been adopted more than one-half of the state stores face closing because of lack of patronage. Many privately owned liquor dispensaries in Wisconsin are complaining that business is dull and their sales are not what they expected. Liquor will never be sold in the quantities that it was before prohibition. The-general use of automobiles is one of the greatest influences in reducing liquor sales. People of ordinary means cannot buy both gasoline and' liquor; They prefer to ride in their cars. GOOD BUSINESS FOR, THE BRIDGE Oelwein Register: The Marquette bridge company should certainly get behind that project for establishing a nudist colony on the bluffs above McGregor. It would make more traffic across the bridge this summer than anything we have thus far heard suggested. As a matter of fact the bridge company could well afford to see that the land wanted for the project as donated to the company wanting to establish this lony. CAME Wl-frl THE. GAME FROM' MEANING , ""TAKE 1"HI5 OR "PLAY" WOMEN HAVE of A PI-TCH -THAN MEN VOCAX. CORDS AREATrllRP OBSERVING RFC IS PAYING OUT W HEN President Herbert Hoover set up the Reconstruction Finance corporation in January, 1932, as a federal arm to fight depression, the RFC was condemned as a bequest for the bankrupt. Few, save Hoover, a president, saw the time ahead when RFC would not alone pay for its existence but return a profit to the government. The Reconstruction Finance corporation began where the overburdened National Credit association left off. The National Credit association was a voluntary credit pool subscribed by some New York and Chicago banks to help other banks. The RFC set a high price on its rescue activities for two reasons. First, the Hoover administration had no planned economy notions. The RFC was created as 'an emergency institution. It charged 6 per cent from borrowers such as banks and railroads because it iranted to definitely discourage borrowing. Second, the RFC charged stiff interest rates because it was forced to assume stiff risks almost overnight. President Hoover was almost alone in his foresight that some day the RFC would be more of a revenue producer than a rescue agency. Later RFC rates were dropped from 6 to 5 per cent, and then 4 per cent in most cases. History of the RFC has justified the Hoover plans. In the first nine months of this fiscal year 5627,330,234 had been repaid on RFC loans, bringing in a handsome profit to the government in interest. Banks and other borrowers (principally the railroads) are repaying RFC loans at the rate of ?3,000,000 a day. These payments are expected to top the billion-dollar mark by June 30 when the government's fiscal year ends. So rapid has been repayment of RFC loans of late that the Reconstruction Finance corporation will fall nearly $2,000,000,000 under the budget figures for thii fiscal year. This is attributed to decreased needs fo: funds, recovery's spread, and settlement of obligation everywhere. The first Roosevelt budget set up ?3,969 740,000 for the RFC, but in the first nine months th RFC has only distributed $1,287,354,000--about 4 ceota for every dollar budgeted for its use. The railroads have taken the lead in returning thei federal RFC help. The Pennsylvania in its last annua report showed that it has paid back the RFC loan with interest. The Union Pacific managed to reduc its funded debt $7,229,495 in 1933 by retirement o equipment trust notes. Even Dawes' ill-fated Centra Republic loan of $90,000,000 has been liquidated down to 562,000,000. Wise lending, even under emergency pressure, ha made the RFC a sound government investment. It ha profited to an even greater degree than the federal r serve banks. Before the RFC closes shop, the natio will realize that Herbert Hoover planned wisely who he set about to rout depression through the Recoi struction Finance corporation. It is the only deprc sicin agency which has begun to pay out. EDITOR'S MAIL BAG T/J.EK. FIVE. FORMER PRESIDENTS oF-iftE UNIED s-rXi"£$ WERE Living in 1861, ·THE LARGEST NUMBER in-THE HIS-TOB.-/ OF-THE COUNTRY ^^^ discovered the other day an (Hfe Interesting explanation of flB' the device which automatically bars rear-end collisions on the North Western railroad between Denver and Chicago, on the main inc. Just before a train starts on its ourney, the engineer locks what is called the "train control" into operating position by means of a key, .0 which is attached a tag bearing the engine number. This combination of key and tag is called a "token," and can be removed only when the control is in locked position for operation. The engineer must remove the key and give it to the conductor. Until the conductor has received this "token," he is not permitted to allow the train to proceed. Located on the front of the locomotive, about six inches above each rail, is a pair of coils which arc the eyes of the train control. These are sensitive to the flow of the alternating current in the track rails. The inductive influence produced by this electric current is carried back to the "brains" of the system, amplified and controlled for its various duties. The presence of a train within danger distance, prevents current flow. If the train is running above 20 miles an hour when this electric current ceases, indicating the presence of a train ahead, the train control device sounds an alarm and unless the engineer promptly acknowledges that he is in a restricted rone and reduces the speed of the train to less than 20 miles an hour, will apply the brakes automatically. It was necessary to equip 360 lo- omotives and 1.150 miles of track, t a cost of $3,000,000. In Europe this safety measure is uite universally in use but the 'orth Western road--founder of the DIET and HEALTH "By LOGAN CLENDEN1.NU, M. D. REST BEST TREATMENT FOR HEART A LTHOUGH many readers nave asked me to discuss columns EARLIER DAYS Bell* » Dally compilation of Inlerratlnt; Items from 111.' "Ten, Tivcnlj and Thirty rears ABO" Flics of the Ulobc.Oatetle. I ha PROGRESS OR PASSING FAD? MASON CITY, May 2.--Is commercial bus and uck transportation a "mark of progress" or is tiie resent trend toward them due to a fad spirit, which ·ill fade awey in time? We must admit that they ave shown our railroad companies the necessity of eveloping faster .service and better equipment. T,o- ay we find our railroads showing a new mark of rogress with their new types of equipment that can e operated at a swift speed with safety and comfort. The recent sharp increase of revenue freight am', assenger business has proved that fast, modern ser- :ce is what the public desires. There is no surer sign of prosperity coming back than to see the railroads busy and the public is beginning to realize the vital part the railroad prosper- y is to the recovery program of every community. ur railroads are only asking for a fair chance. The lanagements have put new life in their'work since hey can face the future with · confidence, with the ssurance that they will have an even break with their ighway competitors and with the proposed uniform aws favored by 45 states, for bus and truck trans- ortation as to height, weight, width and length com- ng up in the early part of 1935 for enactment. The recent request for our railroad companies to »et in shape to meet their interest obligations and heir work of developing new modern service gives ur railroad executives a heavy program to accomplish in a limited time. They should not hesitate to nvest in extra expense if help is needed. The unprofitable lines must be put on paym° basis ,r abandoned, if the community prefers bus and truck -ervice, as these lines cannot exist any longer by being fed from the profits of the paying- lines. No msiness can succeed if it has a number of departments that are unable to pay their own expenses and in most cases this is the real cause of a business failure. Every community should investigate as to what the subject of angina pcctoris in these columns, LVC refrained from doing so largely because there 5 very little that is constructive that can be said About the only cheerful aspect of the topic that I know is, that if you reach the age of 60 it is u . nllh eiy that you will suffer from it. But you will suffer with so many other things that that itself is rather cold comfort. The only reason for doubting- that the case of Gotama Buddha, who died very suddenly, was actually angina, is that the Gotama was 80 years old at the time the attack occurred. The reason for this is that true angina probably is due either to a spasm of the vessels which supply the heart muscle, the coronary arteries, or to a blood clot forming in these vessels. The consequence in either case is that a certain amount of the heart muscle is cut off from Dr. Clendenins nourishment, and the pain which accompanies the attack is a warning that the heart cannot do its work well and that rest must be taken. Now, these coronary vessels begin to close up and disappear fairly early in life. By injecting theni with a solution which will throw a shadow on the X-ray, it is possible to see the amount of the coronary circulation in any given case, and such photographs have been made over and over again of hearts ol people in different ages, and they show, with great uniformity the fact that the blood supply of the heart begins to" diminish at about the age of 40. The fact is that it begins to diminish at about the age of 20, but the change is not particularly striking until the fourth and fifth decade. In hearts at this age we find that the blood vessels which supply the muscle of the right side of the heart have disappeared to the extent of about 50 per cent. Later on the left side becomes equally impoverished. In fact, in many cases of very aged people who die in old people's homes or alms houses, it is impossible to find any blood vessels which go to the heart at all and nourishment seems to take place by the diffusion of the blood from the heart chambers to the muscle. In this demonstration we have the reason for the occurrence of angina pectoris in middle age, and its disappearance in advanced age. It is easy to see that with a blood vessel which is becoming thicker, less elastic, narrowing its opening, that blood would clot inside such a vessel, and it is this which is the cause of the symptom, angina. If this process occurs rapidly in the years around 50, the closing of the vessel may be fatal, because it cuts off nourishment from a portion of the heart muscle which has not had a chance to protect itself. If, however, we have the process practically completed without accident, then in the ages above 65 and 70, the closure of these vessels is not fraught with such severe penalties. The study of the degeneration of the blood supply to the heart is also a potent lesson to those who feel that bv a strenuous exercise they can, in middle life, recover the health and spirits of youth. Too strenuous exercise, as a matter of fact, is more harmful to these people, and may bring on an attack of angina which otherwise would not occur. There is a limitation to the amount of re-invigoration that can be accom- Thlrty Years Ago-Councilman Sullivan, as chairman of the committee on lights and lighting, has been in consultation with the supervisors whereby some arrangements can be made to put an electric light in the courthouse t0 Tn audience that completely filled the church greeted the Paulist preachers last night. There is a widespread interest in the mission and the attendance has increased at all the services. The Rev. Thomas L Healy delivered a sermon on the subject of Furga- ..'. S. Bagley, brother of Willis G. C. Bagley, is in the city visiting his brother. Fire broke out Friday afternoon m the restauran nortion of the building formerly owned by M. Feather sone, near the Central depot, and the interior wa badly damaged. How the blaze started is a mystery as no one had been in the room and no fire had bee in the building for some time. . . _ , A letter received from Fred Clark by his lathe 3 J Clark, informs him that Fred won fifth place 1 the International Oratorical contest held in Notr Dame. Twenty Years Ago-WASHINGTON--Orders to quadruple the force federal cavalrymen in the Colorado coal strike region went from the war department late Friday nigh President Wilson also issued a proclamation cainn upon all persons in the strike district to surrender a arms and ammunition. TAMPICO--The federal garrison at Tampico na been reinforced considerably, Admiral Badnger re ported to the navy department today. T. S. Bump was in the city yesterday from Wat O. F. Edwards, Grand Meadow, Minn., spent Thuri day in the city transacting business. H. P. Stehn and Adam Gilpin of Northwood wer business callers in the city yesterday. Harry Wells and family returned Thursday fro Beaumont, Tex., where they spent the winter. C. F. Rankin, Fort Dodge, is spending a few day in the city transacting business. Ten Years Ago-The Mason City Chamber of Commerce Glee club will give a concert at Charles City Monday evening, as the special guests of the Rotary club of that city. Mr. and Mrs. Charles Seney returned this morning from several months' stay in Long Beach, Cal. Ray Thompson is spending the week-end in Belle E. W. Ciark, cashier of the Security National bank, is in Spirit Lake today on business. Paul Gentling of Madison, Wis., who has been with the Loken Brothers store there, is making his residence in Mason City, accepting a position with a local store. safety first" movement 914-- is taking the lead. back in spotted an interesting discussion in the Cedar Falls Record the other day about le sleeping habits of man. It was .1 the nature of comment on the National Research council's report hat the night-long sleep, with 16 lours of interrupted wakefulness centers are not yet "wired up" to the rest of its nervous system » it acts like an animal without r.niy matter iti its sleep habits. "Knowing these things now about- sleep, people will look with wonderment at the individual who sleeps in church during a long sermon." the Cedar Falls editor puU in. "The directorate member who sleepily nods during a board meeting, and the luncheon club member who snoozes through a fine program after the "eats" will be sources of curiosity. In these instances it will not be a lack of gray matter, nor insufficient sleep the night before. Perhaps the National Research council can tell us what causes people to fall asleep in public places where they are supposed to register alertness and be more or less sponge- like in absorbing what is going on about them. "To be sleepy in the daytime is to be primordial, but that is no excuse for letting the children stay up to play until midnight, nor i.° it any excuse for grownups to como home when the chickens begin to jump off the roosts and the m i l k man is coming down the avenue." --o-^^^ venture nobody will question (B£ the sincerity of Channing Ifs Daggett, 223 Twelfth street southeast, writer of the following, in defense of the hitch-hiker; "Whoever you are, you're sure a pain in the neck. I've been a subscriber to your paper for the last four years, and I notice every year about this time, that you start to n:tice your so-called thumb-jcrkers. and start your cheap warning to the unsuspecting public to beware of these less fortunatcs who have the guts to hike down the road looking for a job. "Mr. Eye, I've done plenty hitchhiking in the past three years looking for v.-ork, and met plenty of your thumb-jerkers to know they are probably about as good a bunch of fellows as the outfit who lets you write columns like yours." --o-guess we'll have to quit saying that "lightning struck" something or other. The n between, is just a habit man has licked up .since he gained greater iraln power. The scientists further tated that although the habit eems firmly rooted, it really would iot be difficult for man to slip back nto the old-nap pattern of sleep Allowed by the lower animals. The research showed that it requires brains to sleep as humans United States bureau of standards has just ruled that the expression is not scientifically correct, in the sense that a projectile strikes. A stroke o£ lightning, it is suggested, may be likened to a crack resulting from strain in a sheet of glass. It may start at any point in the path which it ultimately takes. Hud travel up, down, or in both dilutes ura.llia LU aiecy aa uuii»«n.j o.»'u i.t«..*. r, do H the gray matter of a man's rections at once if its beginning is brain were removed, he probably at some point between its ends. The would be unable to sleep through direction of cxirrent flow may be m the day, the scientists believe. They either direction say that is why a haby sleeps inter- whether the cloud is .positively or mittenly. The baby's higher Drain I negatively charged. BY FREDERIC'J. HASKIN, DIRECTOR GLOBE-GAIETTE INFORMATION BUREAU IN WASHINGTON Plaine. TODAY IN HISTORY plished in middle age which is imposed by just this change in the blood supply to the heart, and if more middle-aged people would read the lesson correctly, it would do much to decrease the rapidly mounting mortality from heart disease in the United States. miles of a railroad line were abandoned, or any other part of the 1,876 miles abandoned in 1933. Experts claim that weight does more damage to our paved highways than hot or cold weather and many of our people are claiming their taxes are too aigh now. But will we have our present pavement paid for by the time we will have to repave our worn out highways? The small city and rural delivery and farmers trucks are an asset to every community. They cause very little damage to our highways and are feeders for our railroads. The contract and large long haul trucks have been the real cause .of the decrease in L. C. L. railroad freight business," because of unfair regulations. It is the large trucks, many with trailers, which add to the hazards of passenger and local traffic by obstruction of the view ahead. Every driver of a small vehicle has a feeling of relief when he has safely passed one of these hignway trains. It Is the opinion of many people thai large trucks and buses could have interchangeable wheels and be operated on the rails between stations, which in most cases would be a shorter and cheaper route. Perhaps this is coming in the near future. Respcctfullv vours. H.'M. HOFFMAN. 714 Pennsylvania Avenue Northeast. ONCE OVERS By J. J. MCNDV BRAVERY IS ITS OWN REWARD Aren't you a considerable bluffer waen you attempt to prove that you arc courageous? In telling of past exploits you emphasize what you think proves you to be a person of unusual nerve. But it is not surprising that persons .who have known you for some time look rather skeptical when you relate experiences that make you stand out as a hero. Really heroic people don't advertise the fact. They "think of their own performance as something anyone would have done. Heroes never blazon their brave conduct to the rld. You try too hard to create the impression of bravery which only emphasizes the opposite fact. You'd be surprised at the quiet, unassuming persons chosen when selections arc made for important. hazardous work. You talk too much about yourself I" be selected. Men of action are men of few words-- anil those words are not about themselves. world. Notables Born This Date--Niccolo Machiavelh, b. 1469 the original "Brain Truster." His classic work in political economy, The Prince, a study of the methods whereby an ambitious man may rise to sovereign power, caused him to be consulted by secular and temporal rulers. * * Edgar Wilson Howe, b. 18oo, editor and novelist--Story of a Country Town, etc. Sir Ronald Lindsay, b. 1877, British ambassador to the United States. ** Jacob August Riis. b. 1849, philanthropist. * * Juliette Compton, Aline MacMahon and Mary Astor, cinemactresses. 1763--George Psalmanazar died at 74, leaving as his memorial one of the most celebrated hoaxes m history. He invented a race, a language and a history and fooled the world with them! A combination ot Amerigo Vespucci, Thomas Chatterton, Doc Cook and Prince Mike Romanoff in character, he posed as a Japanese convert from Formosa to get money from European churchmen, was accepted as such. To further his deception, he wrote a fabulous history of Formosa, invented a non-existent people, composed a language and dictionary for them, and prepared an exhaustive study of their customs and religion! He never had been any nearer Formosa than Rome, but all these were done so cleverly that bishops of the Anglican church and scholars were taken in. When his fraud finally was discovered, his talent as a hoaxer was so admired that churchmen continued to suppor* him. ]^65 The first medical school in the 13 colonies was established in Philadelphia by Dr. John Morgan who shortly thereafter was joined by Dr. Williarr Shippen, Jr., kin of Peggy Shippen, Benedict Arnold 1 good friend. Morgan taught theory and practice o phycis; Shippen was instructor of anatomy and sur gcry. First students (.10) were graduated in 1768. 1861--President Abraham Lincoln called for 100. 000 volunteers for three months, to put down the re bcllion. What government in Main towns ? P. S. The majority have the form which includes town clerk, board of selectmen, a town treasurer and tax collector. Town meetings are held in the spring, usually in March. A moderator is appointed and articles in a printed town warrant, previously drawn up, arc voted upon by une citizens of the town of 21 years of age or more who have previously registered on a voting list. In some towns a form of city or town manager plan of government is being tried out. What state has most irrigated land? O. H. California. How is the Empire state building heated? O. M. H. The owners contracted for an outside supply of steam for heating purposes. This is derived from two entirely independent steam mains, ·he building has a two pipe vacuum ystem with steam turbine driven acuum pumps discharging through uitable heat exchanges into the ewer. The equipment is divided into our separate zones, the lower up o and including the fifth floor, be- ng supplied from the mains in the ub-basement. The next section is upplied uownward from a set of mains on the twenty-ninth floor ceiling. The section from the thir- ieth to the forty-fifth floors is sup- ilied upward from mains on the wenty-ninth floor, and the top of the building, including the tower from mains on the fifty-fourth floor ceilin". There are about 7,000 radia- seat in 1878. He edited La Patri,and other French papers in the dominion; and in 1SS9 was appointed clerk of the Quebec legislative council. He was long a warm advocate of the political union of Canada and the United States, but in ater lite became less ardent, am! n 1897 accepted the honor of C. ;. G. from Queen Victoria. In English literature, where is th-. v o r d , lioronllicabllitualnltalibus, ound? M. T. This.is the ablative plural of the mediaeval Latin honorificabilitudin- tas, meaning honorableness and is used as a pedantic nonsense word in Shakespeare's Love's Labor Lost. Did Neysa McMein make any V. S. war po'sters for the World war'.' She painted 14. How did Big Tim Sullivan die? Is the Sullivan law still in effect? D. !, Timothy Daniel Sullivan, member of the New York senate from 1894 to 1903; member of congress later from the Eighth New York district, was accidentally killed by a. locomotive near Pelham Parkway. New York City, Aug. 31, 1913. The Sullivan law prohibits possession of firearms without a permit either to carry such or to own one. When President Roosevelt was governor of New York the act was repealed but the repeal was vetoed by the governor. Therefore, the law is still in effect. What is the Delphian society? J. 'A national women's educational organization. It has chapters in all of the states except two, Vermont and Rhode Island. It has a membership of 250,000 and its chapters number 3,500. As many as 30 chapters are banded together in some cities for a city federation. The purposes of this organization are higher education, social progress and personal improvement. Self expression is the keynote of the society. Why is the Transvaal so named? H. D. From the Vaal river. Who was Cyprien? J. M. The pseudonym of Louis Honore Frechette, a French-Canadian poet, bom at Levig, Quebec, Nov. 16, 1839, died on June 1, 1908. He was called to the Canadian bar in 1864. He started the Journal de Levis and his revolutionary doctrines compelled him to leave Canada for U. S. A f t e r some years spent in .-journalism st Chicago, he was in 187-1 plectert liberal member for Lewis in thr Canadian parliament. He lout the AUNT HET By Robert Q u i l l c n ''It was too cold to open HIP. windows like that, but I didn't want ever'body in the club knowin' I'd moki'ii fish for

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