The Mason City Globe-Gazette from Mason City, Iowa on January 18, 1945 · Page 14
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January 18, 1945

The Mason City Globe-Gazette from Mason City, Iowa · Page 14

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Mason City, Iowa
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Thursday, January 18, 1945
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ggi E D I T O R I A L Predicting Victory Hazardous Even for Those in Authority flOW difficult it is to lorecas. 11 the time of victory with any degree of certainty, how deep ar the pitfalls of prophecy, we neec but go back to the promises of the past, made not by amateurs bu by men in position to give exper opinion. Here are a few of them Gen. Eisenhower: His late December, 1943, forecast was:- "We will win the. European war in 19M." In August, he said: "The nazis will be licked m '44," bu1 with a reservation--"if everybody does his part." President Roosevelt: In a message in. January to the French committee in north Africa: "1944 Will be the year of victory;" later, he refused to prophesy. Winston Churchill: In June, "The months of this summer may bring full success to the cause of freedom." Later, he set the date after Christmas, then after next Easter, and finally made the indefinite prediction of "extremely heavy fighting for a good long time." Gen. Arnold, on Feb. 14, 1943: "I have an appointment in Berlin a year from today." Admiral King: "The defeat of Germany in 1944 may be expected." Gen. Montgomery, last July: "I believe that is quite likely--out of "the war this year." ^ Gen Clark, in January: "We are confident that 1944 will see us victorious in Europe." . Sen; McKellar of Tennessee, In July: "The red army will be in Berlin' in 60 days. The war .will be over on all fronts in 6 months." Representative Hay of Kentucky, in July: "Germany will capitulate by Dec. 1." It would be reassuring to think that 1945 will see Germany defeated and Japan on the verge of collapse. But victory is assured only by winning today's battle and planning on how to win tomorrow's. Wishes and promises . have no part in the matter. After all, Herr Himmler has promised Germany a victory in 1945 and Hirohito has given the same pledge to Japan. Not until both are decisively defeated and have given up their arms, will victory be certain. "A Little Talk" A NEW song has been heard'on " the air waves recently. "I Had a little Talk With the Lord," it is called, and it's about a soldier in a foxhole during a siege of torrid weather just before a battle on Bougainville. The boys were all on their knees, the song relates, and one of them tells the others how he had had his little talk and asked God for'rain--and he had BO sooner spoke than down it came. In conclusion, the G. I. reminds us all to x Hive a, little talk with the Lord: Have faith and you'll afean Hit reward. Out in the front lines, amid the flak, in sea battles, lighting men do get nearer to their Father. "Praise the Ixird and Pass the Ammunition," and a "Wing and a Prayer," and now "I Had a Little Talk," are lyrical -evidence of thought turned upward. A chaplain on Palau briefed a heavy bombardment group recently this way: "Remember, men, that while you're up there 'tomorrow, the Lord will have Hi receiving and sending station open at all times, on all channels and frequencies, anid you are free to tune in on His channel or pray as often as you desire. There is no radio silence with God." Those who learn the power of 1 prayer under stressful circumstances will remember in their later peaceful years--and the recollection will bear golden fruit. With Morgenthau CECRETARY MORGENTHAITS ··? proposal lor a "strong tax structure" in the post-war years to speed retirement of the national debt will rest in cold storage until the war is won. Then the battle can get under way on national policy to' settle the issue of debt retirement versus a fixed effort to "freeze it." Our own inclination will be very much t o w a r d the Morgenthau point of view in this particular argument. As a matter of fact we feel very strongly that we should have been operating on a "pay as you fight" basis these past 3 years. A Revealing Chart ··THE story of what happens to x an American town which in a 5 year period leaps from a population of 15,000 to a population of 80,000 is interestingly set forth in this chart recently issued by the mayor of Bremerton, Wash., home BEGINNING THE IAST CHAPTK Your Health By Logan Clendening, M. D. EXE EXERCISES A YEAR or so ago.Mr. Aldous Huxley turned from the writing of almost flawless .modern novels to boost the methods of a Mr. Bates for the improvement of vision. In his youth Mr. Huxley suffered an attack of keratitis punetata which left one eye just capable of light perception and the other with about 5 per cent of normal vision. He undoubtedly jot the best of medical advice which evidently was discouraging as to any helpful treatment. But it seems to me a lesson which all doctors should take to heart, that this highly intelligent man was never satisfied with so discouraging a verdict, even though he appreciated the reasonableness of it. · Those of us on the outside can 3e more calm and detached about .t, but we must recognize that lumah urge to try anything that even suggests relief. Mr. Huxley met a woman disciple of the late Mr. Bates who introduced him to a set of eye exercises which includes "winking," "nose reading," "palming," and "sunning." Within a month or more he had learned to read without the Use of lenses and could, read without fatigue and strain for he had learned to avoid he conditions making for strain. He admits his visual acuity has lot increased, but says he has learned to use what he has to greater advantage. The act of seeing is not entirely confined to the eyes. There is a brain part ot it, too, and if I understand what Is meant by Mr. luxley the exercises taught him o sharpen and control the brain centers for vision. He published his experiences in _ book called "The Art of Seeing," which caused considerable comment at the time among oculists most of it unfavorable. I will admit as I read the book it seemed rery foolish and confused, but hen I was never in the position of being afflicted with poor vision. Recently the discussion has come up again in the medical nagazines. Dr. W. B. Lancaster, of Soston, points out that one of the [undamental laws of biology is :hat repetition of an act facilitates ts performance. The first time one makes a billiard shot he does it awkwardly, the 100th tune dex- :erously and with ease. Thus he ninks eye ^xercises are valuable for treatment of color blindness, to increase acuity of peripheral vision, and for speed and facility in doing typing and book- ceeping everi if some ocular defect is present The methods of eye exercises developed up to the present are clumsy, but with scientific oculists giving attention to this field it may be made very useful. It should be stressed and it ......huM «vi_. alr4^eOCU e stressed hard, however, that Jt does real harm to substitute these nethods of eye exercises for other reatment that has proved successful in helping vision in chronic eye conditions. This is where the faddist and enthusiast like Mr Huxley is likely to do harm. He is ridiculous, as Dr. Stewart Duke- Jder, one of the most eminent ivmg oculists, says when he says hese methods result in relief or :ure of such serious diseases of the eye as glaucoma, cataract, ir- itis or detachment of the retina because they "reduce nervous muscular tension." It is a good rule to be sure any reatment one is giving, is not doing harm, and especially is not eplacing a tried and true method The eye is no part of the anatomy o monkey with. There is na field medicine more scientific and let than that dealing with the i. Be sure you have exhausted really tested methods of cure n, as., ome ay esed methods of cure or one of the nation's largest navy bef °« you start in on an untried yards: one. Population Area In Acres Property Talae 13,134 1.S16 26.9SC 29*3 £0,000 I.tTJ 90,000 P«Uce--mtti'.'.' cars .. cycles qitpm' 1 t'I _. . BJrihi Liquor KtetYpYi (uie»j!! ·* - -T authority 12 3 2 10 ES7 158 receipt! Ormde tctoel Blth seho«l , 2.S03 1.2JO m i* sot 165 1,100 120,043 * 3,04! I,CM 359 22 5 ^ 13 1,588 230 3,310 S45.S11 3,993 . 36 37 12 3!7 60 10 4.7SS . 5,007 1,711 SHI Pros and Cons Interesting Viewpoints From Our Exchanges Liberal Arts New York Times: The liberal arts college tends to concentrate on the broader aims of education. Its special danger is that it will fail to fit the education to the student-and that it will disguise this failure by making "character" its hallmark. No one doubts that "character" is a good thing. It merely happens to be hard to measure. Perhaps the real trend of the future, at all stages of education, is toward neither the "practical" nor the "ideal," but toward greater attention to the needs and powers of each individual. Education may have to be custom-tailored rather than ready-made. With higher schooling through the college level becoming as common as a high school training was a generation ago, the difficulties will be many and the money cost considerable. But the cure for mass thmkin gf the basis of other sorts of totalitarianism, is individualized thmfang, and a America j s t o continue its humanistic and individu-' alisuc tradition, it is for this end that we will have to work. Clearing the Air Grinnell Herald-Hegister: Senator Vandenbprg of Michigan, one of the most influential republican members of the senate foreign relations committee, does not speak in the senate often but when he does his words carry weight. He caused a sensation a few days ago with a speech in which .he urged an immediate American-Anglo-' Hussian treaty to guarantee; permanent disarmament of Germany and outlined other items of foreign policy. His speech impressed us as an attempt to cut the Ger- dian knot of misunderstanding with our allies and to clear the atmosphere of our international relations by taking a straightforward and definite position. Just a Suggestion Muscatine Journal: C o n g r e s s seems determined to try everything else before considering national service legislation. So it might ease the present shortage if the navy would li£t its ban on married nurses, and if selective service would comb the government bureaus again (especially OWI), before we set up a halfway draft organization for nurses or threaten our 1345 food production by a wholesale draft of young farmers. Talking Point Marshalltown Times - Republican: If we can't find anything else to argue about with the British we might raise the issue as to who is the better looking, Stettinius or Eden. Da the various postwar benefits provided for men in the armed forces apply also to the merchant marine? In this field seamen are treated separately from the armed services. What is the translation of the words "ex libris" which often appear on bookplates? The e x p r e s s i o n "ex libris" means "from the books of." What does the numeral 4 designate at the beginning of an army serial number? It means that the soldier was inducted under selective service. Which city was captured lint by the united nations, Brussels, Belgium, or Monaco, Monaco? Both of these cities came under allied domination on-Sept. 4, 1944. What states produce the- most electric power? In 1940 the 5 leading states were tfew York, Pennsylvania, California, Illinois and Ohio. Why does the goddess Minerva appear on the California state seal? In Roman mythology, Minerva sprang full grown from the brain of Jupiter. On the state seal she anbodies the type of political birth of the state of California, which was 'admitted as a state without having gone through- trie usual probationary period 'as a territory. What Is the source of President Roosevelt's fortune? . · President Roosevelt" s father was a railroad executive. F'« maternal jrandfather derived his money Irom Pennsylvania mines and real estate. Aside from his present salary the president's income consists of an inheritance from his 'ather, mother and half-brother. How large is the human eye at birth in comparison with Us size when fully crown? ' At birth the eye is two-thirds of ts "adult size. What Is meant by 1-A (H) in ;he draft classification? Men formerly in Class IV-H (38 p 45 years of age) were reclassi- iied with the special "H" designation. Thus a registrant who had no cause for deferment other than age was in Class 1-A (H). Tnis Jassification is no longer used. Registrants deferred by reason of age are now placed in Class IV-A. What has become of Clara Bow, he former motion picture star? Clara Bow, the wife of Rex Sell, is living in retirement on their Nevada ranch. Editorial of Day MIAMI DOESN'T LIKE IT O ELWEOT DAILY REGISTER: Friends In and near 'Miami tell us that citizens of that community and the state of Florida as a whole are faced with some readjustments as a result of the stoppage of horse and dog racer. For example, it means the loss of about 6 million dollars in taxes in Florida, and these taxes had been earmarked lor the Old Age Pension. The Old Age Pension is now faced with some shortages that may seriously handicap the program, at least temporarily. (Here we see an example of what lowans, interested in passage of the school code bills, want NOT to happen. If money for state school aid were to be raised from a special tax, the cigaret tax, for example, whenever anything happened to the tax, the school supporters would have to come to the front and fight for maintenance of that particular tax. Just as supporters of Florida's Old Age Pension program are affected by the loss of their funds, derived from the horse and dog races. As the school code stands now, no special levy will be required in the forsee- able future, and the money, it is advicated, should be taken from the general fund.) In Miami, business interests are declaring that discontinuance of the races will cost them forty million dollars in lost business in that city alone. The state is considering making up its sbc million dollar deficit by an added tax on cig- arets. Houses down there are selling at a premium, we are informed, and it is virtually impossible for one to find a place to live. Of course that compares favorably with conditions in this community. Did You Know? By The Hoskin Service EDJTOS'S .Si OT E-- Bea«r iraJUor UenutlvM ot thli terrlce tmt qnMiUu ·f /act -- not «eaaael -- ahooM ijfn ifctir lull name and aianu ud UeltM * ocnti tor return gaittft. AStreu Glotie-GaietU InfarouUa Bar no. D. C. OBSERVING Local Health Work Goes On have it on the authority of the state department of health that although wartime personnel vacancies in public health nursing staffs have led to an 18 per cent loss in the number of Iowa counties with full- time nursing'service, local health units throughout the state are continuing to function on an extensive scale. Reporting on services for the year of 1944, Dr. C. L. Putnam, the department's director of local health services, "told that, health services in the counties which are organized for full--time public health work were high-lighted by a total of 139,140 school inspections during that year and also by 23,827 nursing visits in cases of" illness. The doctor explained that public health personnel do not give actual care in such cases but that they demonstrate methods of care ind suggest preventive methods to check spread of disease. He told further that field visits in. venereal disease cases totaled 16,928 In 1944, an increase of more than 12,700 over 1943, and among e various other services he listed 8,762 tuberculosis visits, 9,974 visits' in maternity service, 7,999 in infant hygiene, and 9,517 in communicable disease control. Public health engineers in the organized health districts made REMEMBER? FORTY YEARS AGO J. W. Irons has opened up a tea and coffee department in the Chas. E. Mann company store at 113 South.Main street. Mr. Irons is a pleasant young business man and has had several years' experience in the tea and coffee business. Seven cars of cotton 1 goods passed through the city today over the Milwaukee bound lor Shanghai, China. The .goods are from Spartanburg, S. Car., and from points in Georgia. The Milwaukee has handled over 200 cars of such material this season. THIRTY YEARS AGO ' "More light," says the B. O. addition, "more light," says Powder street. And the city commissioners are considering the reply they will make ... It is .probable the commissioners will consider the question of light for these 2 opposite parts of town at their meeting Monday morning. Since the B. O. addition got their additional police protection, they are making additional efforts to improve their "Evanston of Mason City." Saturday night, after 23 'years of service as a barber shop proprietor in Mason City, J. D, Heeler will put away his razors and shears for the last time, having sold his shop in the First National bank building to Jas. McNamara . . . Reeler will from now on devote his timq exclusively to chiropody. TWENTY YEARS AGO J. F. Garvey was the speaker at the January meeting of the Business and Professional "Women's club held Thursday evening at the Damon-Igou Tea gardens. Dinner was followed by Mr. Garvey-s scintillating talk on Ireland. Butter took a 5 cent tumble 'his week and now the best grade retails for 50 cents a "pound. Eggs iiave been 60 cents a dozen and in order to dispose of them grocers were forced to reduce the price :o 55 cents a dozen. TEN YEARS AGO At the meeting of the Wa-Tan- Ye club held at the Hotel Hanford, Mrs. A. I,. Peterson reviewed 'Our Movie-Made Children" by ?orman, discussing the influence of motion pictures upon the minds of children. In spite of slippery streets, a large representation of the P. G. and E. Employees club gathered n the auditorium Wednesday evening for a program and social hour. Earl Smith was the speaker of the evening . . . Following Me program there was dancing with Kelso's orchestra furnishing Ihe music. Refreshments were served with Alma Thompson in "harge. Furrowed Fancies By Ray Murray of Buffalo Center MONET-GO ROUND The government lives off the rich, The rich live oft the poor, The poor live off the government A vicious circle sure. 5,255 visits In general sanitation, according to the doctor, 3,836 to f o o d - handling establishments, 5,669 to dairy farms, and 1,044 to milk plants. At the present time there are 10 organized health districts in the state, "the value of which is becoming more and more appreciated in the communities where service is established," the doctor said. Nursing service is functioning in 40 counties compared with 49 before the war, an} 2 counties have made appropriations for nurses but have not been able to obtain them. --V-An Example for OHien , commend to you for care- iul reading this "pledge of support to the war effort" even after victory over Germany made by employes of the Boston and Maine railroad: "We don't know when V-Day over Germany, will be ... but when it does come, we ... know how we're going to 'celebrate.' On V-Day we'll be working--full time, full speed. "There aren't going to be any parties. Our men aren't going to spike the switches and get to-' gether for any whoopee! There wop t be any empty desks in our office, or freight trains standing idle in our yards. We ask you not to ride our trains that day to go celebrating. m "Most of us wiU 'go to church. We shall thank God, and pray for speedy victory over Japan. We urge you to do the same. "Probably it isn't any of our business what you do on V-Day. But complete victory is everybody's business. The time you might be tempted to take off from your job puts every one o£ us that many hours farther away from the victorious end. "The uproarious spirits you might bring to partying would fall pretty fiat when you bumped into Bob Jones, or Mrs. Smith, or any one ot a million other Americans with boys in the Pacific. · "We . . . make this plea now, so you'll have plenty of time to think it over. And we make it in the sober conviction that only on the day of total victory, and not before, can any of us afford to let down."- -- V-- Cigarat Shortage .have come across various evidences of cigaret shortage in Britain. One London newspaper stated the scarcity was due to 2 things-- "many Americans now have to get supplies ouiside their own canteens and the public is laying away popular brands for Christmas." Doctors Gave Live* note by the current issue of the American Medical Association News that 113 medical doctors died in military service last year. Of this number 70 were killed in action and 43 died in service. The Day's Bouquet To CHARLES E, CORNWELL-for being elected president of the Association for ..the Preservation of Clear Lake. Under his leadership we are confident the association will continue its fine program of working for the preservation of Clear Lake as a recreational center. Mason City Globe-Gazette An A. Vf. L£E KKWSTArOt Issued Every Week Day by the GLOBE-GAZETTE PUBLISHING CO. 121-123 East State street Telephone 3800 LEE P. LOOM1S Publlihet W, EABL HAIL ....Haoutaf Eiltoi ENOCH A. NOREM city Editor LLOYD L. CEEB . . . Adrrrf.'i.'nr Mrr, Thursday, Jan. 18, 1945 Entered a* tecond-clasl cutter April IT, 1930, at the pojtoHlce at Mason City. Iowa, under the act ol March 3, 1878. MKMBTO ASSOCIATED PRESS. The Associated Press is exclusively entitled to the use (or republlcatlon ol all newi dispatches credited to it or not otherwise credited in thla paper and also the local news published herein. SUBSCRIPTION BATES Maioa Clljr ud Clear Lake by yaar, $10 Mlioa City ana clear Lake by week, Mo Oolitde 10e Mile Zont--Per year *10; a months S5.50; 3 months $3; 1 month »L Ontildp gfaion Clfy and Clear L«i« u Within 100 Miles of Mason City and Out- aid* OJ the Carrier, DUtrieta of Kaju City and Clear Lake: Per year by carrier IJ0.09 Per week hy carrier ......" JO Per year or mall tTOO By mall 0 monttu " x ITS By mall 3 month* * ZOO By mafl I month ( .10 GUESS ITfe SO IflH.FCUCS/ «= .TWS W6Nfr WAR-TO Ktue WHAT ACE WE CO*A6,W OEAE--tif US KfWRT--OK SiVER XVH*SS/ FATE SUIMD AVE TO VtDUB RESCUE. B-Bur MHOR/J THOSE POSH Ju FEET Bk 2S\ \tJC-f t A l t . . ^M»JK - -- THAT'S ir AWJOt.'WTTH -fflUj PBcAVSSCN lU. GET Avy HBEND AND *WS SWRU_BAOC TO T BASE.' TEMPTED TO WCS THIS SPOT »«0 UEM/E THOSE UWA.T A COUIMNIST HAS TO GO TMR0UH." JUiffl HIS CARE TAKES ALL MY BlSVEBYlU.rirS / T O TIME AND WHAT STONQTrl AS IF TrW/SHADD ON YOU! HAiPCWOF STRENSIHTriiS MINUTE- -WHEN SUDDENLY I HEARD A BLOOD-CURDUUG- I SAW THE EVIL "^ COME OW?I SORCERESS, MORGAMA; WE MUST - LEFEY-/WDA -SHURJW MS MOST raWTASTlC AHIUAL- Sl THIS IS IM HIS EVIDENTLY THE RESULT OF HEP UACf. 17 CAME FROM A WEAE8V CABIW, AND WHILE J. WAS THOROUGHLY fRlGrTTEREa I CAUTIOUSLY THE ruKc^i--r "WK1MGUV ^ CDMsrmrnofWL - - Y'KKIOW- 1KNOWVOUMEAN VBi-BuriCAnlr SHEADoSsvou 5USW£5S, BUT SPACE SHIP ft NOW Z%£J38KTM*. H.-JL^WW^a-TteMOONNAS ffiffiSSS^y '$*»· » JW OWTKHOTO - ¥. Kplmn, ^KWRED* 1 5!!L^I ^MKS? TM E 6WtE SH1P ATTHE I ASK TMff PREPARED.' TOmr-TO H ZEWTH. VJOVff THE SHIP MISS THE MOON _ I (SIESTIONJ -^^.^ *. W MANY.M/W WILES ! ^ , THE SADDLE OP THE HOUSE? TUB SADDLE CAM? OFF soaor ····

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