The Mason City Globe-Gazette from Mason City, Iowa on March 7, 1944 · Page 3
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The Mason City Globe-Gazette from Mason City, Iowa · Page 3

Mason City, Iowa
Issue Date:
Tuesday, March 7, 1944
Page 3
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Page 3 article text (OCR)

FARMERS TELL WHY THEY QUIT Retiring Age in Story County Over 50 Years Ames--The average fanner who "sells out" today most likely is retiring and leaving the farm but may continue to do some light work. If he is retiring he probably has been an owner-operator, is financially able to leave the farm and he feels the present is a good time- to sell. He's more than 50 years old, and in most cases he's unable because of age or health to carry on his farm work with a shortage of help. That is the sketch which F. T. Brown, research associate in rural sociology at Iowa State college, draws in an article in the current issue of the Iowa Farm Economist, official college publication. His conclusions are based on a survey of farm sales in Story county from September to March, inclusive, and may or may not be representative of the state as a whole. The total number of sales either held or booked in Story county in the 7-month period has already lopped the record of a year ago. In 1940 there were no farm sales listed in Story county before Dec. 1. In 1943, 31 were listed between Sept. 15 and Dec. 1. In 63 sales cases studied, farm owner sales outnumbered those of tenants 3 to 1 up to Dec. 1. In 60 per cent of (he cases the farmers were retiring either In whole or in part. Most of the farmers who owned the land they are leaving have not fold the land and plan to "look alter the farm." In 15 per cent of the cases, the farmers selling out plan to enter another occupation, probably business for themselves. Ten per cent of the Story county farmers who held sales bought smaller farms. The relatively favorable level of farm income the last few years plus the existence of a ''seller's market" at auction sales this year has increased the desirability for sales. At one Story county sale a Chevrolet truck purchased 4 years previous for ,?S9, brought $320. At another a 20 year old side delivery rake brought $55 and an oil-burning tank heater sold for $50. The history of some of the men who sell out reveals a lonn period of indebtedness. Over-expansion following World War 1 led to the loss or near loss of the home place. Then followed years of fighting debt. Some bought another (arm on a shoestring but at deflated prices. In recent years they have been able to whittle down their debts, and so figure now is a good time to sell out and retire. Here and there (he "seller's market" provides opportunity to wipe off troublesome debts. A total of 55 out of 73 farm sales studied find the owner leaving the farm. But the retiring farmer in the 1943 Story county sale picture slill is well anchored in this community. Only 4 indicated they are leaving Story county. Approximately half of the farmers leaving the farm are known to own houses in town, most of these purchased within the last year. Most of the land owners retiring have not sold their farms. The tenants taking over farms left by these Story county farmers who held sales are all men with farm experience. With 3 exceptions they farmed in 1943. Their average age is 35. Younger farmers taking over feel more equal to the labor and. other wartime problems, Brown found. He predicts many of the farmers retiring this winter will work at least part time on farms next spring and summer. Their retirement is real so far as responsibility is concerned, but for many it is not yet permanent retirement from agriculture. ·PHERD'S »s»n cuvs Fred A. Hill Rites Held at Chapel; Burial at Elmwood Cemetery Funeral services for Fred A. Hill, 77, who died nt a local hospital Saturday following an illness, were held Monday at the Patterson funeral home, with Doctor Hoy C. Helfenstein, pastor of the F i r s t Congregational church, officiating. I. O. O. F. members attended and took part in the services at the funeral home. Earl Dean sang "What a Friend We have in Jesus" and "He Lead- eth Me." Mrs. Roscoe Patton accompanied. Mrs. H e l e n Renshaw, Mrs. Charles Wagner and Mrs. Albert Burke were in charge of flowers. Pallbearers were Charles Wagner, Hurt W o o d w a r d , Ralph Dunn, Edgar Stevens, Albert Burke and Edwin Johnson. Burial was a(, Elmwood cemelery. The Paltcrson funeral home in charge. Postwar Planning Slips Cleveland. L.R) -- Private in- GILLETTE ASKS SEED SUBSIDY Warns Legume, Grass Seed Famine Dangerous AVashincion, (.!)--A threatened f a m i n e of legume and grass seed is regarded by Senator Guy M. Gillette (D., town) "as dangerous as though our armed forces were faced with a shortage of ammunition." The senator has taken steps to forestall what he thinks will be a desperate situation next year unless something is done. He has introduced legislation to authorize appropriation of $35,000,000 to the war food administration (\VFA for distribution to farmers as incentive subsidy payments to spur the production of leeume and grass seeds. Efforts to get more production of grains, livestock and other w;u needs have caused the continued production of seeds virtually to get lost in the shuffle, Gillelte said. To illustrate the gravity of the situation, he cited these statistics The 1341 total supplies o! sudan grass were 104,411,000 pounds. We are starting into the spring of 1944 with only 39,810,000 pounds--not nearly enough even for our normal needs. : Alsike clover supplies have Rural Areas Backing Red Cross Fund Washington, D. C. -- R u r a l cooperation in support of the American Red Cross reached an all-time ligh d u r i n g 1943, and even greater issistance is promised by f a r m eaders and people living in r u r a l sections of the country during 1944. Important farm groups in all sections of the nation, rural newspaper publishers and others interested in a g r i c u l t u r e have indorsed unanimously the 1944 American Red Cross war fund appeal. IIBRIE tint WALLPAPER dustry is doing postwar plannin little -- if any -in the east central region of Ohio. Nobody, the regional office of the U. S. department of commerce reports, is interested -- particularly in smaller towns and cities. the Has the war made you say this? shrunk from 21.302.000 pounds in 1941 to 14,165,000 pounds nt present; red clover from 103,718,000 pounds in 1D41 to 79,250,000 pounds, with farmers unable to get more than 75 per cent as much seed ns they want to plant this spring; sweet clover from 50,564,000 pounds in 1941 to 27,443.000 pounds at present. "Not enough alfalfa seed was produced this year to maintain the present acreage in the country--it \vas impossible to fill the requests of our allies. Seed supplies of all grasses and legumes are inadequate to meet present demands." It can be expected, Gillette said, that the acreage from which the seed of legumes and grasses now in serious deficit will be harvested in 1944 will be much less t h a n the reduced seed acreage of last year unless adequate means are taken to encourage farmers to harvest needed seed. "Under present war conditions," the senator's statement continued, "seed of needed legumes and crass crops can be obtained from no other country. In fact, this nation is beinc called upon to furnish England and Russia w i t h seed, to provide seed for use of (he army and Red Cross ill foreign lands, and further demands for large volumes of legume, grass and other seed will be made by the united nations relief and rehabilitation administration. "This seed shortage is a war emergency of the first concern and our nation will be most remiss and we will suffer dire consequences i f all possible measures are not taken immediately to assure production of sufficient seed of all basic legumes and "grasses." Rural America, represented by 2.902 Red Cross chapters in' communities of less than 10,000 population, raised 128.5 per cent of it 1943 war fund ouota, Red Cros? national headquarters revealed. A total of $23,909,389 was subscribed in communities where these chapters are located. Impressive figures, just released, disclose t h a t rural section: of the nation also arc giving mucl of their time to Red Cross service More than 400,000 certificate for instruction in home nursin; were issued during the past fisca year. Of this number more thai one-third were issued to wome of r u r a l sections. During the past year, 1,500.00 first-aid certificates were issuec a good proportion of. them t farm residents and to 'those wh live in rural sections. Home service, the conncctin link between the soldier in cam or on the battle front and h family back home, is perhaps on of the most important features o Red Cross in war time. In · th more than 2,900 rural chapter home service of the Red Cross conducted entirely by voluntcci in the chapter. The Red Cross reached a new high in disaster service in farm sections during the year, when it not only brought emergency rations to human beings, but also provided feed for thousands of head of livestock marooned by devastating floods in the mid- west. Many c a t t l e were given shots of serum to protect them against disease. Seeds were furnished to farmers when replanting was necessary. Red Cross arrangements w i t h the war production board to han- f Publishers of the American \/f 1\ r*ll f "7 I ress association; Edward G. MrS. Mary LllefSOn, / 1, 'Meal, president of the American arm Bureau federation; Albert . Goss, master of the National range; James G. Palton, prcsi- ent the Farmers Union; Mrs. iconnrcl J. Killey, president the 'ational Home Demonstration ouncil, and Charles Nash, presi- cnt the International Association f Fairs and Expositions. May Move War Housing Unit to Farm Thousands of California f a r m - ers will be in the market for de- mountable war housing units ifter the war, according to a ' :urvey made by a committee com- loscd of the assistant stale direc- pr of agriculture and representa- ives of farm groups arid state and federal agencies. The committee s studying the feasibility of mov- ng demountable war housing units from industrial projects to farm areas in the postwar period. Farmers in 25 counties were asked in preliminary questionnaires how many u n i t s they could use if the houses were in good condition and the figures they gave tolaled 23,000 units. This is approximately 3,000 more de- mountable dwellings than now are occupied by war workers in the state, the national association of housing officials said. California farmers in 18 counties w i l l be in the market for fil,000 feet of lumber, salvaged in the demolition of non-demount- able temporary housing a f t e r the war, if the goods and prices arc satisfactory. When the government wants to gel rid of surplus mechanical equipment, California farmers arc prospective customers for 27,000 jeeps. 20,000 trucks and 17,000 tractors, the survey showed. Dies; Rites Thursday Iowa Falls -- Funeral services for Mrs. Mary Ann F.llefaon. 71, who died suddenly Monday niglu at the home of her daughter, Mrs. Mil ford Whipple, at Austin, M i n n . , whom she had been visiling since November, will be held al the Powers funeral home Thursday afternoon. Burial will be in Union cemetery. Mrs. Ellefson was born M a r y Ann Fiedler, at Rush, 111,, Jan. 15, 187:), daughter ot Margaret and Martui Fiedler. Dec. 30, 18i)l, she was married to Carl Ellefson, who died March 15. 1937, at Gratio;, Wis. The f a m i l y moved to Iowa Falls in 1922. For several years Mrs. Ellcfson made her home with her son and daughter-mil w, Mr. and Mrs. Marion Ellef;on. in Iowa Falls. She was a member of St. Mal- hcw's Episcopal church. She i.= survived by 3 daughters, Mrs. T A'. Tordoff of Williams, Mrs iVhipple and Mrs. H. B. Grupc, l Alden, 5 sons. Frank. Ackley Maurice, Alden: Marioin anc Charles of Iowa Falls; and John Eldora. die emergency needs for restricted materials made it possible for many farmers who had been practically wiped out by tornadoes, floods, fires'and other disasters to rebuild barns, homes, fences and other structures necessary to the production of food. Among farm leaders who have indorsed the Red Cross war fund are Albert S. Hard}', president, National Editorial associalion Walter Sanders, chairman Board MRS. SMITH DIES AT SPIRIT LAKE Wife of Beacon Editor Buried at Iowa Falls Iowa Falls--Burial services for Mrs. O. F.. Smith, former Iowa falls resident who died at Spirit Lake, w i l l be held in Iowa Falls Wednesday a f t e r n o o n . She was a daughter of .Mr. and Mrs. Thomas Hollister. who lived in Iowa Fill's a n u m b e r of years ago. Mr. Hollister owned and operated a jewelry store here at one time. Mr. and Mrs. Smith left Iowa Falls about 1007 and went to Spirit luke, where Mr. Smith hiis edited the Spirit Lake Beacon. Mrs. Smith was active in lied Cross work. Siie was a member of the P. K. O. sisterhood, the Daughters of the American Revolution, the Daughters of Americai Colonists, and the Daughters of Founders and Patriots. Buy War Savings ISoncls anc your Glohe-Gazctt carrier boy. Tuesday. March 7, 19-11 3 1ASOX CITY GLOBE-GAZETTE U. S. a i r force pilots over F.u- rope have noticed t h a t the Germans are using an increasing number of fighter planes equipnec w i t h cannon of larger t h a n 20 mm caliber, Flying reports. William L. Weir Killed n Italy, Parents Hear i'opejoy--Walter Weir received ivord from Washington, D. C., that iiis son, W i l l i a m Lee Weir, 29 t was killed in action, in I t a l y , Feb. !!, 1941. Memorial services will be held hero soon. W i l l i a m I,eo Weir entered the service in M«y, 1941, taking training at Camp Claiborne, La., for t h e I'irst (i months. He loft the United States the latter part o£ November, 1941. He was in the i n f a n t r y . Electric Motor Repairing Ily Experienced Men NEW A N D USKI) MOTORS BOUGHT A N D SOLD ZACK BROS. ELECTRIC CO. :|02 Second S. W. Phone 977 Farm Home Boasts 6,000 Canned Points The basement of the Wade Wolf farm home in Muscatine county holds a bank of fi.OOO green ration points. Those points are the ration value of 275 quarts of f r u i t and vegetables which Mrs. Wolf canned last year. The Wolf stock of fruits and vegetables has a market value of about $110. Miss Frances Byrne, Muscatine county extension home economist, reports t h a t Mrs. Wolf surveyed her canned food supply after a ' h o m e economics group was asked how many points were represented in the canned food. Mrs. Wolf's reply is fairly typical, Miss Byrne believes. Protect rind case nbrased Bkin with Mexsana. the soothing, medicated powder. Also relievo tmrninR, A N N O Y S itching, of irritated akin. CHAFE M O N T G O M E R Y W A R D Wouldn't you rather say this? Hollywood Not Too Distant for Men n Armed Services London--The American serv- ceman overseas will get his moves--the latest from Hollywood-'. the combined efforts of Army pecial Service and the American led Cross can possibly bring them 0 him. The same motion pictures that 'lay the neighborhood theaters n American cities also are shown n portable screens in overseas asc hospitals and Red Cross lubs, day rooms, and improvised pen-air theaters, lifting Amerian servicemen out- of the grim (resent for n few short hours of Tiuch-needed mental relaxation. The films, released through Army Special Service, travel across British country roads in mall trucks -- "Cinemobilcs" -manned by Red Cross workers vho put on a show wherever crviccmcn arc stationed. Somc- imcs the trucks follow a \vcck- ons circuit of engagements at icaltcrcd outposts where electric current doesn't exist. Here, portable generators pro- ·iclc the necessary "juice" so t h a t he show may go on. In the cities, ^inemobilc units rush between Red Cross clubs, setting up 2 or 1 shows in a single evening. Lacking mobile facilities in Australia, Alaska. Iceland, and idvanccd positions in the South Pacific theater, Red Cross workers combine efforts with Army Special Service officers to set up movies out of doors and in Red Cross clubs. G«t Ml detail* about the opportunities the Women's Army Corps offers you. Apply today at any U.S.Army Recruiting Station. Or write: The Adjutant General, 4415 Muni tionsBIdg., Washington 25.D.C. {Women \n essential war ind ustry m ust- h»vc release from their employer or the U. S. Employment Service-) 3 NEW OPPORTUNITIES FOR WAC RECRUITS Undtr cirtoln ondWeni, yoy may now r*qv*»r-- 1. Your Army job. 2. Your branch of service. 3. The Army post where you're assigned. Find out If you qualify WACS... V\\W/IC NHDS YOU! WWMN1 MMT CMtn 2 North Iowa Nurses Become Lieutenants Washincton -- Temporary promotions of 8 Iowa officers and 2 nurses to the rank of 2nd lieutenant were announced Tuesday by the war department. The nurses, both North lowans, arc Apncs G. Tcndal. Eslhcrvillo. and MarRaret Ellen McNally. Ochvcin. They arc in the army nurse corps. AT WARDS YOU'LL FIND Wallpaper at Lowest Prices 1 Looking Fcir .laps Cincinnati, Ohio, tU.P.)--Marine Pfc. Clifford P. Houston spent months teaching j u d o to military trainees nt the University of Cincinnati, but the .Taps still beat him to the draw at Tarawa. In J a n u - ary. 1943, Houston went overseas and saw his first action at Tarawa beachhead. He lost his chance to use j u d o tactics, however. He explained t h a t he was hit by a machine-sun bullet in the neck when still about SO yards from shore. Now at a naval hospital in Oakland, Cal.. all he had to say in a direct letter was "I'm sorry I didn't cct a chance to come to close quarters with those Japs and practice my job." Papers for as low cs 6 roll Come in and see Wards beautiful selection of wallpaper patterns for 1944. Papers of every type end quality for every room in your home! Wards has papers designed to fit any typs of furniture, any color scheme, any budget! You'll find a grand collection of lovely, refreshing patterns on papers of washable, fadeproof or scrubbable quality! You'll find popular, carefully selected harmonizing patterns designed to "go Together" in adjoining rooms. And you'll find oil these papers at Wardi traditional money-saving prices. IVlontgomery Ward M O N T G O M E R Y W A R D WIDE SELECTIONS . . . BRIGHT COLORFUL Marble Linoleum AT WARD LOW PRICES MARBLE LINOLEUM ON FELT BACK This is Armstrong's famous quality Linoleum . . . the easy to keep attractive pattern goes clear through to the back. The surface is the same quality you find in Armstrong's finest, merely lighter weight. INLAID PATTERNS ON FELT BACK Attractive patterns in a wide selection of colors. Inlaid, patterns Ihrough to hack. Same quality 05 above . . . bright Pro Waxed surface I 95 C STANDARD WEIGHT FELT BACK MARBLE LINOLEUM 1 Sq. Yd. Marble pattern inlaid linoleum in heavier weight that will give you much longer wear than the lighter quality. Beautiful, colorful marble surface that is gleaming because it is a wax-scaled surface . . . occasional waxing will keep this linoleum in it's original brightness and makes cleaning so, so easy. -See the new colors at Wards today. .Montgomery Ward

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