The Mason City Globe-Gazette from Mason City, Iowa on March 15, 1937 · Page 12
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March 15, 1937

The Mason City Globe-Gazette from Mason City, Iowa · Page 12

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Monday, March 15, 1937
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i - T iSKaaew mifcMffl.TiNi '^^^S3j^i^^ 1 ^^^^^^i^^^^^ia s 3i^^^f i f^ MASON CITY GLOBE-GAZETTE, MASON CITY GLOBE-GAZETTE AN A. W. LEE N E W S P A P E R . Issued Every Week bay by the MASON CITY GLOBE-GAZETTE COMPANY J21-123 East State Street . Telephone No. 3800 LEE P, LOOM1S - . · - : . - - - Publisher ,W. 'EARL H A L L - - - .- 'Managing Editor ENOCH A. NOREM - - - City Editor LLOYD L. GEER - - Advertising. Manager Entered as'second-class'mailer April 17, 1930. at tile post- bllice at Mason City, Iowa, under .the act of March 3. 1879. , l MEMBER, ASSOCIATED PRESS which is exclusively en/ titled to th« use for publication oE all news dispatches credited f- to it or not otherwise credited In this paper, and all local f r\c\vs. . " v j FulJ leased wire service by United Press, f MEMBER. IOWA DAILY PRESS ASSOCIATION, with DCS Moines news and business offices at 405 Shops Building. SUBSCRIPTION RATES Lake. ..5 .15 Mason'City a n d ' C l e a r Lake, ' Mason CUy'and Clear by the year $7.00 by the week OUTSIDE MASON C1TP AND CLEAR LAKE AND WITHIN 100 MILES OF M A S O N CITS Per year by carrier $7.00 - By mail'6 months .... Per week by carrier ....S .15 By mail 3 months .... Per year.by mail S4.00 . By mail I month ..... OUTSIDE 100 MILE ZONE IN IOWA ANI MINNESOTA Per Year ..56.00 Six months'..S3.23 Three months ..$1.75 IN ALL STATES OTHER THAN IOWA AND MINNESOTA Per yr...$S.OO 6 months .S1.50 3 months. .$2.50 1 month. .Sl.Ofl .52.25 .51.25 .5 .50 Those Votes Came High I N ITS comprehensive survey of the 193G presidential campaign the senate political expenditures committee revealed itself as far more concerned over the trend of election costs than the $23,973,329 spent in the last campaign. The senate committee points out that the real cost of the 1936 election would very likely reach 48 millions if the "tremendous volume"; of money spent by'individual and local organization's could be counted. The republican national committee and its allied agencies spent $14,198,802 in the Alfred M. Landon campaign, polled nearly 17 million votes, and bagged but "four electoral votes. Jim Farley's democratic national committee, in spite of 'pious pleas, paid out '$9,228,406 to elect Franklin D. Roosevelt. Of this same labor organizations contributed the "unprecedented" total of $770,32-1. · The senate campaign expenditures committee.is sound in urging an immediate tightening of election laws with respect to political contributions to campaign funds by groups, classes, or special interests. While corporations are already forbidden to contribute money directly to campaign funds, the senate committee found that no less than 63 per cent of the big political contributions "were in some way affiliated with corporations." Obviously the 1936 campaign disclosed neglected weaknesses in our election laws. Congressional franking privileges were sadly abused. The post- office department paid for a good'share of the democratic party's mail publicity through congressional franks. The corrupt practices act must be rewritten before the 1938 campaign, if corporation contributions, in disguise, are to be excluded, and if special interests (like Mr. Lewis' CIO organizations) are to be prevented from bank-rolling national administrations: Curious in the campaign report is the fact that the principals of this 48 million dollar election drama paid out little, if anything. Governor Landon .reported that he had not spent a penny personally, that his entire campaign outlay was borne by the "j party., President Roosevelt's personal^ expenditures were listed as $20 for postage and $65D for:donations-to democratic organizations. The duPont families of "Wilmington, Del., collectively contributed $510,370 to the republican party, the Liberty league, et al. Former Senator Harbour of New Jersey spent $36,573 in his unsuccessful attempt to return to the senate. Harbour was defeated by Democrat William-H.'. Smothers who spent $6,154. . · The 1936 campaign cost more than double what the 1928 "boom year" campaign cost, the republican and democratic parties. Unless the federal government intervenes directly, the manipulation ,of millions to elect a president will scuttle the American form of government. Democracy cannot function in an election that has a 52 cent price tag on every voter's ballot. t _-- *· · ·· "Lost" Billions Recovered A commend able record has been made in the recovery of the assets of banks'that remained closed after the historic moratorium of March, 1933. It will be recalled that doors were locked on 40 billion dollars of deposits when the nation's banks 'were, closed by presidential proclamation March 6, 1933. When the banking business of the country was resumed four .billions remained locked behind the doors of 4,000 banks that di,d not. open. At present, four years after this momentous occasion, three out of these lour "lost" billions have been recovered and only one billion remains locked up in banks closed by the moratorium. In other words the average depositor in one of the banks that did not open on March 14, 1933, has received back 75 cents on each dollar of his deposits. All indications are he will-receive more. This loss, it \vas pointed put, was necessary to purge the system of weak units. The percentage of recovery stands up well compared with the recovery from other groups o£ closed banks in this country. During the 12 years leading up to March, 1933, when there was no moratorium, a total of .11,457 banks closed, locking up nearly six billion dollars. Of this barely 60 per cent has been paid back to depositors. The larger and quicker recovery of deposits from banks closed in March, 1933, can be credited in part to the fact that the Reconstruction Finance corporation poured nearly a billion dollars .into these closed banks in the form of loans on carefully appraised assets. Of those loans about $800,000,000 have already been paid back and full recovery,is expected. Then too the Home Owners' Loan corporation and the Farm Credit administration enabled banks to turn defaulted mortgages into government guaranteed bonds, which then were salable, to obtain more dollars to pay depositors. The general recovery in business, raising the market prices of stocks and bonds, has also contributed to Ihe success of the recovery of depositors' funds. In the years before 1933 when a bank closed depositors were compelled to wait until the assets could be sold and cash obtained to make payments. This would often involve forced .liquidation, foreclosure on many property loans and demands on borrowers for quick payment. · Since the start ql 1934; depositors in most banks, .both state and national, have been insured up to $5,000 through the Federal Deposit Insurance corporation. This corporation, supplied with capital by the national. government, assesses banks to build up a fund out of which payments are made to depositors in banks that close. How effective this plan of insurance will be in a period of deflation remains to be tested, but its operation shows the government now /eels a responsibility for the ' safely ot bank deposits of its citizens. FOREIGN AFFAIRS By MARK BYKKS MUSSOLINI BEPLACES HITLER AS CHIEF OBJECT OF FRICTION IN EUROPEAN SCENE A ROUND the first of the year it was Adolf Hitler "·who was. the bogey-man of Europe. It was from Germany that men and^supplies were pouring into Spain to back up the flagging fascist campaign against-the government, and while Russia was aiding the loyalists, and Italy was apparently holding aloof in order to repair her standing in London and Paris. · Then came the Moroccan affair, in which--apparently on advance information of German intentions--the French accused Germany of landing forces in Spanish Morocco across from Gibraltar. The accusation was not true, but it served as the pretext for.France and Great Britain to announce that if Germany should make such a move, it would be resisted in full force. French troops and British warships ostentatiously backed up the declaration. Simultaneously suggestions were put forward that if Germany would be reasonable, something might be done for her about colonies, raw materials, markets and- loans. Thereafter the international Spanish, neutrality committee, which to that point had been a sour joke, suddenly began to Junction with the aid of Germany and Russia which had previously been lacking, and the immediate European crisis laded. ( In-the last ten days, however, it appears-that the other principal dictator state of Europe has stepped in to carry on where Hitler's courage or audacity failed him. Benito r Mussolini is now carrying the ball, in tactics as recklessly defiant to the peace of · Europe as those . he pursued with Ethiopia a year ago. And, as at that time; he is ranging himself ostentatiously against the naval power of Great Britain. » * , * · ' THINGS HAVE CHANGED A GREAT DEAL SINCE JOHN BULL LAST BACKED DOWN TW THE Ethiopian crisis, in which Mussolini's de- ·"· fiance showed up.the weakness of the league of nations and carried the day against all opposition, Great Britain quite literally "backed down." Whether because her navy was not ready to face the Italian air and sea forces, or because she felt herself held down to the reluctant pace set by a league which had neither courage nor power to risk enforcement of its stop order, the fact remains that the great British naval demonstration in the Mediterranean turned out to be a bluff, and Mussolini sailed his transports into the Red Sea and flipped his torpedo boats and battle planes across the bows of. His Majesty's navy without a come-back. Bui in tile meantime Britain and France have reached a basis of working co-operation against fascist encroachment, as proved by the Moroccan business with Germany. In the meantime the British have raised a tremendous armament program, on sea and in the air. And to some extent at least Franco-British diplomacy has driven a wedge between Berlin and Rome. By a variety of signs it appears that Mussolini is taking more risks in his present activity in Spain than he did in the Ethiopian crisis, * * * PROOF SUBMITTED .THAT ITALY IS LEADING REBEL ATTACK IN SPAIN T\HE Spanish government brought proof in the ·*· last week that not only Italian volunteers but complete units of the Italian regular army, staffed by Italian officers,. are operating as the spear head of the rebel drive on Madrid. They, submitted large poups of Italian prisoners, some '~bt whom talked freely, to foreign correspondents.'And they protested most vigorously to the league of nations and the neutrality committee. Many of these Italian reinforcements for the rebels have landed since Mussolini gave his pledge to the neutrality committee to stop interfering in Spain. It is probably significant that whereas two months ago the outside aid coming to the rebels was mainly German, now it is apparently all Italian. There are still many Germans operating in Spain and Germany is -the source of a great deal of the artillery and aircraft used by the rebels. But these supplies ante-date the final agreement of all the powers to keep hands off Spain. Only Mussolini now is accused of violations. All of this might be 'less significant were it not for the fact that il duce chose this moment for a grand naval demonstration, with maneuvers, in the Italian African ports of Libya, concentrating his forces at Tobruk, the port nearest to Egypt and thus to the British .zone of interest. At the same time Mussolini made much of the completion of the military road across Libya, which extends to the Egyptian border. 'So obviously that it could not'be missed, this Jemonstration is intended to declare to Great Britain that Italy lies athwart her "life line o£ empire"--the sea road between Gibraltar and Suez on the highway to India. "See," says il duce, "when l say the word the Mediterranean becomes an Italian lake. The British navy is powerless to open the road for British commerce. I do as I please in Spain; let the British stop me if they can.'.' The lion growled back in answer, through a sensational speech in the house of commons in which Sir Samuel Hoare, first lord of the admiralty, announced that the navy was ready, that it lad no fears of being able to force a passage through any possible opposition "in narrow seas"--meaning the throat of the Mediterranean where Italy sits astride--and that if anybody tries to block the way "our plans are ready." And they will not be purely defensive, he added. WHAT DOES MUSSOLINI SEE THAT'S WORTH TAKING SUCH SERIOUS CHANCES? ND so, of a sudden, the European crisis believed · to have been passed safely, springs again into life. That it will result in any outbreak of international European war, in spite of the fact that international forces are fighting each other on a steadily increasing scale in Spain, is still unlikely. The consequences of recognizing officially what is actually going on in Spain are too deadly to be faced, in every country. Nevertheless, Mussolini's challenging defiance to Great Britain, from whom he so badly requires financial aid and co-operation in the development of Ethiopia, remains a most disquieting puzzle. What does il duce see in Spain that is worth taking such risks? Suppose the rebels win the war, and-set up a government friendly to Italy--it will add nothing to Italy's present possessions, unless it might be a naval and air base in the Balearic islands. Spain has some iron and a little coal, which Italy needs. But there is hardly enough oE it to justify fighting the French and the British for if. What does it all mean? It is possible--one of the few reasonable explanations--that il duce is making a .flank demonstration to aid Germany, her ally, in making her bargain on colonies with the British and French. For re-imbursement for the risks involved, one might guess at an Italo-German understanding about Austria and Italian penetration into the Danube basin. It seems an extremly risky policy for a rather doubtful purpose, if that is in fact the underlying explanation. But nothing else so well fits the facts. There must be some substantial material reason, for dictators like Mussolini and Hitler, however belligerently they propagandize their peculiar political beliefs, do not make holy wars. Their wars are looting expeditions, or they do not happen. And Mussolini is sounding, o£ a sudden, tremendously w a r l i k e . ·· . · ' -V · , warlike. DAILY SCRAP BOOK . . .by Scott IKDIAvM % OF ANCIENT" MEXICO DRESS Et -tHElR. HA.IR- IK MODER.H I Stic WORE, EARRINGS, HAD. FANS IK'fHE.lFL ' ANO UUS'T BELOW ' KNEES FLAq WrtlcH INSPIRED FRANCIS; BANKER." 1$ ABOUT 35 FE-Hfl-OMQ Arip 2.8 fEHTJ WIDE, AMP HA/; 15 STRIPES--rit ORIGINAU, CUMEKSIONS ARE.I 'FLA.C, WA5 BADLY-FRA.VEO WHEK STEPS/ AlR.- WVfri M6tE.RNlS-fic OF BIRDS , FOR ALLEGORY OP "fHE. KrVVAJO mD!r%H oF A.CU-Z.OKA. IS A. CO M PA.S'J -COPYRIGHT. 1931. CENTRAL PRESS ASSOCIATION ? ' DIET and HEALTH ny L O G A N C L E N D K N I N G . III. n. CHILDREN'S MINOR ILLS TEGINN1NG mothers and fathers are to be pitied -·-* because they suffer so much unnecessary agony. The baby seems to them an infinitesimally small, delicate, highly destructible'object, and every-onee in a while it does something which appears to one with its interests at heart as if it had deliberately attempted to suspend the process of life. One of these thing is breath-holding. It looks, indeed, terrifying but, as a matter of fact, it never did any harm. No human being on earth can voluntarily hold his breath to the point of suffocation, because even if it goes so far that he loses consciousness, as soon as this occurs, the automatic processes of life take over and start the regular function of respiration "'·':·" .'· · · ' · . - ·. :· :'',··:'·-·_'··'·,·"·., · · ' The children who are subject to breath-holding spells usually are nervous and easily affected by sudden shock or fright, or by a fail or hurt. These children rad- idly learn to prolong the agony Pr. Clendeninf when th£ y find that " brings them extra favors or attention. They quickly 3earn to hold their breath at will and the condition gradually increases, especially if thev find that they can get their own way by doing so. If the spells are not from habit, dashing cold water- in the face helps the child regain its breath. When the .spells are from habit, the best treatment is to leave the room and let the child enjoy itn special performance without an audience. If this is done, the little one will soon cease putting on a show. . Similar to breath-holding is crying. My friend, Dr. M. C. Overton, of Lubbock, Tex., in an excellent little book for mothers called, "Your Baby and Child," says: "The rather usual remark that I make in my office is that a crying baby hurts the mother worse than it hurts the baby. Particularly is this true of a mother with her first child, because the young mother is greatly disturbed if her baby cries very much." The commonest cause of excessive crying in the first few months of a baby's life is hunger. Sometimes an overfed baby .will cry from distress and gas. Crying is the only voice a little baby has, and it is good for it to develop normal use o£ its voice. Good lung expansion follows crying and it exercises the muscles. Dr. Overton also says that it is especially desirable that an infant be awakened from 15 to 30 minutes before each feeding and cry. It develops a good appetite for its coming meal. Of course, we assume that nobody has coupled a safety pin into the baby's skin. Short of these things, the best thing to do is to let the baby cry it out. ALL OF US By M A R S H A L L MASLIN APOLOGY TO AN ANIMAL A DEAR FRIEND of mine had a habit of picking "· up all kinds of strange animals and bringing them home. Stray cats, dogs, birds, it made no odds --she liked them, they liked her, it was a'go! I don't think she ever brought home an eagle or a mountain lion or a. rattlesnake, but she would have if she'd found one on the road and it needed her loving care and understanding. The trouble was that while all her strange visitors liked my mother-in-law,- not many ol them liked her friends. I remember the time her star boarder was a long, thin, slinky, weasel-shaped critter that we thought might be a stone martin, but we weren't sure. He loved her. He'd squeak with delight whenever she came around . . . Run up one arm, over her shoulders, down the other arm, play hide-and- go-seek with her, · curl up contentedly in her lap and sleep like a healthy baby. But he didn't like me . . , And I didn't like his slinky appearance or his sharp teeth. He may have had the sweetest disposition any animal ever had, I didn't like his ways . . . He was always lying in wait for me. Trying to scare me . . . He would rush out from under a couch and up my trousers (inside) and then rush down again . . . Lots of fun for him. Not any for me . . . So I was never able to work up any warm affection for him. If you must know the truth, I never saw that animal without thinking of a fellow in our town who was supposed to be a great joker, with a great sense of humor. . . . But I never liked him because it always seemed to me that there was malice in his laughing eyes, envy in his humor, cruelty in all his "practical jokes." His wit was like a nettle, his geniality was a cowardly mask. I kept away from him. That little stone marten couldn't have been one-tenth as wicked as that humnn being whose laughter was'such an unclean weapon . . . I apolo- cize to the little animal. . " EARLIER DAYS IN MASON CITY Told by Clobc- (iazelle File] Thirty Years Ago-SOUTH ORANGE, N. Y.--Wendell Phillips Garrison, editor of the New York Nation, died today at his home here at the age o£ 66. A. E. Lincoln is visiting friends near Thornton today. . , - · A. J. Brown has returned from a three weeks visit at his former birthplace in Lafayette county, Wis. W. C. Verney left last night lor Chicago on a few days business trip. Mrs. Fred Mitchell and children oE Kensett are visiting relatives in the city for a few days. The Misses Jessie Dunn and Martha Rau have returned to Cedar Falls-where they are attending State Normal following a brief visit at their homes here. ,..-.. - . . ' . . - Worlc : began today in reconstruction of the Thorgerson building on Main street. The structure was recently damaged by fire. Twenty Years Ago-Mrs. Helene Willard Grummon and Mrs. E. B. Siesseger returned today from Brownsville,' Texas, where they spent the winter with their husbands, who are officers in Companies D and A of the Second Iowa. Sectional tourney final results included the following cage scores: Sioux City 26, Spirit Lake 1G; Mafshalltown 11, West Liberty 6, and Fort Dodge 48, Algona 8. · . IOWA CITY--With both teams playing listless ball because of the lateness of the season and unusual heat, Iowa lost to Northwestern last night 18 to 15 in the final game of the season for the Hawk- eyes. David McAuley and- Lewis McFadden arc in the city on furlough from Fort Des Moincs. Mrs. F. E. Bliss has returned to her home at pmoha, Nebr., following a few weeks' visit in the city. F. J. Showalter spent yesterday transacting business at Elma. Ten Years Asa-MONTGOMERY, Ala.--A bloody battle was waged in Kilby prison last night by 500 prisoners who chose the supper hour to rebel against a tightening on their privileges. None escaped but 16 were sent to the hospital. Guards quelled the riot with shotguns and tear bombs after two hours o£ warfare. ST. LOUIS, Mo.--Charles A. Lindbergh, former army aviator and until recently air pilot of St. Louis, is preparing to fly from New York to Paris in a land monoplane. His plane will carry the name, "The Spirit of St. Louis." Lieut. Harold Stevens returned t6 Philadelphia last night after a month's furlough with his parents. He will sail soon with his crew for southern waters. Mr. and Mrs. L. H. Henry of Charles City are spending the day here visiting their daughter. L. P. Courshon has entered the field of candidates for councilman under the city manager form of government for a three year term. TOMORROW Ily CLARK K I . N N A l l t U T^IOTABLE BIRTHS--Harrison Williams, b. 1873 1 » in Avon, Ohio, utilities magnate nnd husband of Mona Strader Schlesinger Bush Williams, made famous by press agents for Paris dress sellers as "the best dressed woman" . . . Elsie Bierbauer Wilson, b, 1890 in Columbus, Ohio, actress and writer known as Elsie .Tanis . . . William Busline!! Stout, b. 1B80, automotive engineer and aeronautic designer . . . E. M. Newman, b. 1872, in Cleveland, travel-lecturer . . . Georg Simon Ohm, b. 1787 in Erlangen, Germany, was 40 when he. published the book that was to have tremendous influence on the whole development of the theory and applications o£ current electricity and to cause his name- to be incorporated into the terminology of electrical science. March 16, 1802--United States military academy was created by act ot congress and ordered established at what was then the country's only cantonment, West Point, New York. Two previous attempts, made by George Washington, to induce congress to establish.such an institution had been rejected on the ground it was unnecessary! March 16, 1889--Hurricane at Samoa wrecked three American and three German warships, March 36, 1936--Floods In northwestern states reached heights. , ONE MINUTE. PULPIT--Forsake the foolish, and live; and 50 in the way of understanding.-Proverbs 9:6. OBSERVING First Robin Brings First Sprinff Poem! just heard that the i.first robin "made its ap- ^ pearance in Mason City. That fact seemed to call for a first--and ONLY--spring poem to be. used in this department. It reaches me from Mrs. S. J. Sine of Otranto: We thank Thee Lord f o r days in spring When M o t h e r N a t u r e bares her breast Tu n u r s o In l i f e each d o r m a n t thin; And briit? t h e robins back to nest. We tbank Thee for the first Rreen shoot That pushes up Its timid head And stirs to l i f e each hard brawn root That sleeps witliit; their wintry bed. for odorous warmth of fragrant air And f l a u n t i n g lilacs purple, hold For dainty wild tloivers sweet and rare And tulips w i t h their dups of f o l d . For rosy skies at early jnfirn A n d b l u e b i r d s s i n g i n r i n t h e trees V u r d a n d e l i o n s o n t h e lawn And h u m of busy working-' bec5. For d e w - d r e n c h e d crass at r a r l y morn L i k e d i a m o n d s spark[ii]£ In the sun For iris shoots hut newly born And ttvilight when I h e day is d o n e . Please note--This is all there is, there won't be any morel --o-This Fellow Isn't Helping Safety Any can't help feeling, along with Mayor W. S. Wilcox, ihat the Chicago automobile dealer who recently put out the following statement is hostile to the cause of highway safety: "One can drive this new car from scratch right up to GO miles an hour and not injure it one whit. After the first 300 miles one may drive the car as fast as he wishes where there is no speed limit." Of the 52G deaths on the highways of Iowa last year approximately 300 can be traced to TOO MUCH SPEED UNDER THE EXISTING CONDITIONS. The idea implanted by this automobile man that 60 miles an hour is a good beginning speed for a car is a raucous note in the safely symphony. ·--o--· This Man Cullen Really Knoivs Hotv to Cut Meat am rather hoping that the retail meat dealers of Mason City open their meat cutting demonstration to a few outsiders next Tuesday night. This hope seized me when I learned that the demonstrator is to be Max O. Cullen of Chicago. Though it's been seven or eight years--it, was in the old Chamber of Commerce auditorium now occupied by the Globe-Gazette's composing room--I remember a former visit paid to Mason City by Mr. Cullen. The way that fellow could whack up meat, mak- ing the most unpromising looking pieces appear to be choicest cuts. It was not only informative, it was entertaining. Mr. Cullen is as much an artist in his field as any artist with pen or brush. Those who sit in on his show are in for a worthwhile evening. --o-Two Universities Bar "Hell Week" Horseplay the example set by Northwestern and Wisconsin universities in abolishing fraternity "hell week" will be copied elsewhere. The action at Northwestern followed upon several serious injuries suffered during the boisterous rites at one fraternity. The editor of the Wisconsin State Journal, published at the seat of Wisconsin's university, expressed my ideas in the following words: "Sooner or later students of universities and colleges will learn that nothing of value results from attempts to perpetuate the '.fag* traditions handed down from one generation to another in English colleges. "Neither college nor fraternity spirit has been strengthened by 'hell week' antics endangering the health and perhaps even the lives of under classmen, supposedly being instructed into college or fraternity loyalty. "Dignified ceremonies will be far more impressive to students inducted into college'organizations than stunts, which may result in their injury." Couldn't Even Tell If He Was Hoarse -o--^ submit as the funniest ^^^ thing I've heard on the viS** radio in many a day this observation made- by a KGLO newscaster, Bernard Henry Hook, the other night near the close of the Mason City-Buffalo Center game: "I think I'm hoarse--but there's so much noise here that I can't say for sure." And to speak o£ difficult assignments, this particular broadcast should be mentioned. Mr. Hook had never seen either team play before and had to familiarize himself with every player on the floor. Add to this the fact that he had never broadcast a basketball game before. Football games, several o£ them, but never a basketball game. Under the circumstances I feel that he is entitled to no small amount of credit. Answers to Questions By F R E B E R I C J. 11ASK1N What does the Georgia Warm Springs foundation in New York City do? E. C. Quoting from a letter received from the Foundation: '.'Our work in the fight' against inEantile paralysis is a laboratory job in finding the best treatment for those afflicted; and a national job in aiding those many thousands in the country whom no one institution or doctor can serve single- handedly. In addition to this, there is the job of financing research so that the virus itself can one day be brought under control and eventually stamped out." How many public forums in U. S.? C. D. Moic than 350 forums are listed with the office of education, department o£ the interior. Where was Camp Merrill, an army camp during: the World war located? E. H. B. Near Dumont, Bergen county. New Jersey. WJial percentage .of relumed goods is found in department slorcs? C. B. In stores having a large percentage of charge accounts the returns run as high as 23 per cent, excep' i n the men's depprtments, where the returned merchandise is not a serious item, if the purchases are made by men. Is there any college organization of Boy Scouts? W. II. Alpha Phi Omega is an organization for college men who are interested in Boy Scout activities. When .Pocahonfas became a Christian was her name changed? A. K. When converted to Christianity in April, 1613, she was 1 baptized and christened Rebecca. Are many tulip. bulbs brought from Holland to U. S.? E. W. Estimated between 80,000,000 and 00,000,000 in the fall and early winter months. The total shipment for the fiscal year of 1936 was 107,347,000. Where is the Gobiff-to-the-Sim highway? E. H. In Glacier National park, Montana'. Is Hans Luther, German ambassador (o U. S., a descendant of Martin LuUicr? HI. B. The great Protestant reformer, Martin Luther, has no direct descendants. The ambassador, Herr Hans Luther, is a descendant ol Martin Luther's uncle. Have teachers' salaries increased since last year? J. N. Throughout the country they have risen 10 per cent. Has vitamin B been produced artificially? H. M. It has been artificially produced by Dr. R. H. Williams,' Bell Telephone laboratories, and Dr. J. K. Kline, Merck and company research laboratories. How much mail is sent free of nostape by the ffovernmenl? R. M. Sev.p/i hundred million pieces o£ mail last year, How longr lias the Atlanta Journal been published? F. N. It has celebrated its fifty-fourth anniversary. It was first issued in the afternoon of Feb. 24, 1S83. Atlanta then had 40,000 inhabitants. Who is the national amateur ski champion? J. K. Alf Engen, by a record jump o£ 245 feet, scoring 226.3 points at the. recent meet near Salt Lake City. . . Compare the average temperature of man with that of some animals. L, T, The mean average temperature of man taken in the mouth is 38.4 degrees F.; the average body temperature oE a dog is 100-101 degrees F.; of a horse, 99-100;- cow 101-102; sheep, 104-105; cat 101; pig, 101-103; rabbit, 101-107; monkey, 101. Wliat is the ftrc of St. Anthony? M. L. This was applied to a form of erysipelas. A distemper o£ this character became epidemic in France in 10B9. Many miraculous cures having been effected by the imputed intercession o£ Saint Anthony, the order of Canons Regular ol St. Anthony was founded the next year for the relief of those afflicted with this disease. The order continued to exist until 1790. For wliat purpose was Faneuil hall built? B. T. By Peter Faneuil, out of his private fortune, as a market house and town hall for Boston. KEEP ACCOUNT Saving always is easier in households operated on a monthly budget plan. The new Globe-Gazette "Household Budget Booklet" will help you with your 1937 budgeting ai»d accounting. Thirty-two pages on special durable paper. Twenty pages of text and twelve ruled accounting pages for keeping a daily record ot expenses and income. The special paper will preserve your accounting records indefinitely in either ink or pencil. Every household needs this useful service booklet. Your copy will be mailed direct from our Washington information bureau. Inclo=e 10 cents to cover cost handling and postage. Use coupon' The Mason City Globe-Gazette Information bureau, Frederic J. Haskin, director, Washington, D. C. I inclose 10 cents !n coin (carefully wrapped in paper) for the new "Household Budget Booklet." B Name Street City ", State- _ . (Mail to Washington, D. C.)... s 1 t- f

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