The Mason City Globe-Gazette from Mason City, Iowa on April 24, 1936 · Page 4
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April 24, 1936

The Mason City Globe-Gazette from Mason City, Iowa · Page 4

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Friday, April 24, 1936
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MASON CITY GLOBE-GAZETTE, APRIL 24 1936 MASON CITY GLOBE-GAZETTE AN A. W. LEE KEWSPAPEJB laaued Every Week Day by the MASON OITX GLOBE-GAZETTE COMPANY 121-123 East Stall Street Telephone No. 380 1CEMBER, ASSOCIATED PRESS wUsh )· eiduilvely entl to the use lor publication or all cms dispatches credited to It not otherwise credited In tnli paper, and all local new. MEMBTR, IOWA DAILY PRESS ASSOCIATION, with DM Uolnei arm and business olfices at 105 Shops Building, SUBSCRIPTION EATES Unm City and Clear Laxe. Mason City and Clear by the year . S7.00 by the weefc - * -1 OOTSIDE MASON C1U AND CXEAK LAKE Per year by carrier .... $7.00 By mail 6 months ...~« $22 Per week by carrier ...... ; .IS My mail 3 months ....,, 11.2 Per year .by "«" 54.no By mall 1 month ..--... t .5 OTJTSIDE 100 MILE ZONE Per year.TM..$6.00 Six months $3.25 Tore* months...$1.7 A QUESTION OF RIGHTS OENATOR BORAH in an article written for the Red *^ book Magazine makes able answer to an oft-re peated catch-phrase, namely, that -"human rights should be held above "property rights" in the inter pretation of America's organic law. We draw on i here: "And what an inseparable part property rights ar of human rights! There is a very large portion of th human family who will tell you that liberty, family .happiness and contempt were all lost in the selfsam hour that they lost the right to acquire property an to be secure in its enjoyment. The farmers were wis enough to know and brave enough to declare tha when you have made property rights secure, you hav contributed incalculably to human rights and liberty "Taken as a whole, there is · no finer record in protecting human rights than that recorded in th decisions of the supreme court of the United States There have been occasions when the political side o the government felt justified in invading. some o these human rights. The supreme court has invariabl struck down the laws which took away or compromise these rights. It has protected the right of trial b jury. It has protected religious liberty.' It has pro tected personal liberty. And it has done so in some in stances under the most trying and adverse circum stances. "All through our history there have been efforts from time to time to make it appear that the suprem court of the United States is far removed, from th people; but history, speaking the truth, relates a dif ferent story. Whether it has been an ignorant anc condemned Negro charged with the most heinous o; crimes or the combined prestige of congress and th' executive exerting powers beyond the terms of th' constitution, the court has been the tribunal to which the citizen in the last appeal has gone for that protection given him by the constitution." It is made clear in the senator's treatise that a judicial branch of government made subservient to the executive branch, as the legislative branch has "been in the past few years, would mean the seeds of dictatorship, if not the full-grown plant itself. Further, that the change wrought in this direction by one of lofty purpose could be utilized in despotic way by some later ruler not so lofty of purpose. In the same article, Senator Borah disposes of a proposal which has had some editorial support from this newspaper. Again we quote; "It is now suggested that the supreme court pass upon the constitutionality of proposed legislation. I think that a little reflection will convince anyone that this would destroy entirely the highest virtue of:.the court. /Let us suppose that a law has been passed and that during the process of legislation the court had declared the law to be constitutional After it becomes a Jaw, a citizen allege? that it has deprived *»"" of his constitutional right. Where is the unbiased, uncommitted tribunal to ..which we can take! his cause? If he pleads it before a court which has already passed upon the law, his case is prejudged before he has ever been heard He would be places in the position of calling upon the court ,to reverse its opinion. Any scheme which embarrasses the court in giving a free, full, unbiased, uncommitted consideration to the claim of a private citizen strikes at the very foundation of the court's ^nity and worth." Score one here for Earl Smith, Ray Clough and -others of the local bar who took issue with us in our advocacy of declaratory powers for the supreme ·· courts of state and nation! . WHAT GOAL JOURNALISM? rpWO lowaus speaking recently before a group ol ·*· American editors in Washington enunciated two interesting- philosophies of journalism. One urged an editorial participation in all issues--editorial crusading, in other words. The other advocated "giving your readers what they want." Hearstism is a combination of these two objec tives. It crusades on all manner of issues and there ' is no limit to which it will not go in catering to the appetites and desires of its readers. The effect sensationalism, or "yellow journalism," as it has come to be known. Our own ideal lies somewhere between the two se forth by the lowans. We believe there are issues or which, we should have opinions and we believe tha within the limits of truth and decency, the reade should have what he. wants. But we do not go f urth er than this and for some very good reasons--or a least what appear to us to be good reasons. We do not claim a monopoly on right-thinking We believe taat a debatable issue should be debated and that one of our most important duties is provid .ing space for that debate.' We- have seen crusaders assail the integrity of men and women who were o superior character by any test that could be appliec at the same time denying the assailed persons access to their columns for reply. In the working out of the idea of giving the read ers wiat they want, we have seen the lowan in ques tion present as factual matter that which he knew was false. We have in our letter files correspondenc with the editor in question in which there was admission that the falsities had been printed as a matter of "pleasing a certain segment of our readers." - AU in all, we still believe that the prime function of a newspaper is printing all the news it can in a manner designed to enlighten the typical home with out subtracting from, its family ideals. That's our goal Do we reach it? Heavens no. And we probably never will. But there's no harm in aiming higher than you can shoot ' "LOUIE" HOWE MOVES ON W HEN the new deal prepared to move on Washing' ton four names constituted the Roosevelt boar: of strategy: Sad-eyed Louis McHenry Howe, considered the Colonel House of the new administration; Senator Thomas J. Walsh, designated for the attorney- generalship because of his dynamic prosecution of the Teapot Dome case; William H. Woodin, the choice of Roosevelt for the back-breaking responsibility^ of secretary of the treasury; and Raymond Moley, brain- truster and man of mystery about the white house. Now Howe has joined that innumerable caravan with WaJsh and Woodin, Moley has abdicated. Politicians would not need to work so hard durinj political campaigns if they could only remember nol to forget the voters they promised to remember lasl election day. You're about as wrong as you can be if you think you and your children won't have to pay part oj that mounting national debt. It would seem now that Jay-Franklin might come out from the protective cover of his former payroll alias. Those veterans of future wars probably decidec on that name because it's just what they WOULDN'T be. At that, age has undoubtedly been man's greatest reforming agency down through the centuries. Our supreme court would be virtually wiped out if there was compulsory retirement at age 65. Simile: Rare as a defender of Senator Black's snooping committee. The reformer's motto is "Live and let live.--the way I live." · The PROS and CONS SIC 'EM TIGE! Marshalltown Times-Republican: Earl Hall, head of the organization striving to teach driving decency on the highways, confesses that he once favored the practice of the Chicago judge who takes reckless drivers to the morgues and to the hospitals where they must viaw the results of recklessness. Earl now again confesses that he doesn't agree with the judicia system. And, more or less amazing, suggests that he is convinced that a stiff jail sentence would be a more active deterrent. Wherein he is right. If indeed it were possible un der the law and its interpretation by local "judiciaries' to get a jail sentence along with a conviction. Meantime another suggestion, made over and over in this newspaper is that mandatory removal of a license coupon on conviction of a dangerous violation would be a very active deterrent. Which means any violation which has the element of danger in it whether the immediate violation directly puts life in danger at the time it was made. The second conviction of a similar offense would deprive the driver of his license. Thai policy if carried out thoroughly would accomplish generally what the Chicago judge seeks to inculate along with, getting himself and his court "into the papers." The jail sentence suggestion has its undeniable value--but try to do it. To the reckless prominent citizen or the motor moron with influence. The loss of coupons and the ultimate loss of the jrivileg-e to drive if made mandatory upon the minor courts where such cases are usually tried would do more in 10 weeks than argument and "education" and fentle chiding- will accomplish in 10 years. It is not t all improbable that many violators would choose a tiff jail sentence and "lay it out" in preference to los- ng their privilege to drive a motor vehicle. For the inal straw to break the motor moron's back would be .hat loss. However it is a good sight to see the leader of the aovement toward highways and street decency show is teeth. Sic 'em Tige! Attaboy! But if you actually want to put the offender up a tree take his driver's cense. He'll be a Christian jwhen hia.feet get sore. ^m REALISTIC.OLDi ENGLAND ,. Chicago-Tribune- An advertisement recently -to- erted to the London Times reads: -. -- ;. "Boy who is promising: cricketer; can' be received "ublic School next term at specially reduced fees, of 9. pounds .'per annum. Write Box S. 533, The Times. E. C 4" The matter is respectfully submitted for appro- riate action to the Carnegie Foundation, the Big "·en, and the North Central association. If school thletes can be recruited by means of public adver- isement in England, -where amateurism was invented nd professionals are. distinguished from gentlemen, maybe the practice isn't as sinful as has been pre- ended. . r WILSON CAN HANDLE ARGUMENT ' Harian Advertiser: At 52 George Wilson comes refore the-people of Iowa in the very height of vigor to seek the highest office of the state. It is anticipated that should he be the successful candidate in the June primary, he will oppose Lieut. Gov. Nels Kraschel of this city for the office. He is said to be well equipped to ably handle his. end of any argument with our silver-tongued townsman. He has a reputation of be ing a master of parliamentary practice. NOT BROOKHART'S YEAR Webster City Freeman-Journal: Nearly every republican newspaper in the state, is outspoken in opposition to the nomination of Smith W. Brookhart for senator. That, of course, was expected by the former senator. He never did bave much newspaper support, but despite that fact lie was'nominated and elected twice. However, as it appears to the Freeman- Journal, Mr. Brookhart doesn't stand much chance of winning this year. TWO WORDS TO BE DROPPED Marshalltown Times-Republican: The sage of the Mason City Globe-Gazette condemns tie simplifiec spelling of the Chicago Tribune but would favor simplifying- such words as "asafoetida" and "phthisis." Picking out the words you can't spell, eh? But why not drop phthisis on account of its spelling and asafoetida on account of,its smell? A GRATIFYING DEFEAT Rockford Register: People generally over the country who are interested in decent government, have derived not .a little satisfaction from the fact thai Len Small, as a candidate for governor of Illinois made a very poor showing in the republican primary. AN INCONGRUOUS FACT Osage Press: Incongruously enough, farmers are having a hard time to find worth-while men to work on the farms right in the face of a rather long list of men without, work or means of support. The available men either can't or won't fill the bill. INCREASED "IMPORTS Sheldon Mail: You will at least have to hand il to the Roosevelt administration for a tremendous increase in one kind of business. The import business on far mproducts in the past two years has been over a thousand per cent. A THING TO REMEMBER Forest City Summit: Before you abolish the con. stitution remember it is the constitution which makes a man's house his castle--and that.it took years of hard fighting to establish it--most of us think too lightly and too quick! BROOKHART ALMOST SPEECHLESS Algona Advance: Brookhart is up against it for an issue in this campaign: He hasn't anybody to denounce except Dickinson, and that's old stuff. A Brookhart not in the role of denouncer carries no appeal. BIG BROTHER HIGHLY FAVORED Alta Advertiser; Yep. The new deal agricultural adjustment act was a blessing for the little fellow. But as usual, his big brother benefited most--at his expense. IS THIS PROPHETIC? .Boone News-Republican: Ex-Governor Len Small 'ailed to come back in Illinois, and our opinion is that the same thing will happen to ex-Senator Brookhart. DAILY SCRAP BOOK by Scott -COPYRIGHT^ 1936. CENTRAL »MSS ASSOCIATION)- ONE. oF-ttiE MOST UNIQUE TRIBES^^_ IN-trlE. WORLD IS TftE -fRO^LODYtfeS -- EM-flRE VILLAGES LIVE UNDERGROUND. IM -ff\E SAHARA DESE.R.T- I .ARE. OO FEET DEEP, WHERE ,-lftEY WIDEM OirT AND FORM STbRY HOME'S-dkfrl£,\ CjOA-fS AMD 5-tfcRES oF PROVISIONS ARE A1SO KEPT" iK -iftE'SE- BACKWARD FOR IRON iK-iHE ARROWHEADS OF Du-rcti som-rfi SEA ISLAND NArfiVES - SPEAvRS AMD ARROWS HAVE BEEN BEATEN FROM CANMON LEFT" JtH CORREOS llljkrt'r;-TAPERS "" AND 4REASE Wl£K LAMPS- IDEAS IH iiqitriNq DID NOT CHANGE FOR 2..OOO YEARS 7 JELA-Ni BOLIVAR , WA-SrliNqibnV AMERICA., A.V.L'DRESSED UP ON )33o VENEZUELA. STAMP/ DIET and HEALTH By LOGAN ULENDEMNG, M. D. Or. Clendening DEAFNESS NO SIMPLE PROBLEM THE MEDICAL problem of deafness is by no means ·!· a simple one. It must be classified first iato the two great divisions of adult and childhood deafness. Taking up- the problem of deafness in childhood first, we must face 'the fact that there are certain cases which no amount of treatment or preventive measure can help. Some' of these are the born deaf mutes, most of whom have deaf- mutism as an hereditary trait The only thing that can be done with these unfortunates is to institution- ize them, or adjust them so that they are able to make.some place for themselves-in the world. ; . . . . . · -Almost in the same'class-are the children who, as a result of some infectious disease--scarlet fever, meningitis--have some unaccountable alteration in the internal ear or auditory nerve or receptive apparatus in the brain. Of this class Helen feller is an example. She is also the supreme example of the ability, by training and will power, to adjust oneself to so serious a disability. Some such adjustment as she has made is all that can be hoped for in of this kind. There is with children, however, a much larger jroup in which deafness results from infection of the internal ear, tonsils, adenoids or sinuses, and for whom much can be done by proper early medical treatment. A discharging ear usually receives some attention. When it occurs in the midst of infectious disease, such as measles, scarlet fever, whooping cough, or diphtheria, it is treated for a while. The patient gets better, but every once in a while it begins to discharge again. This finally becomes so familiar that no attention is paid to it. These are the dangerous cases which proceed to chronic middle ear change. In a somewhat different class are the nose and throat Infections. The direct- association between the middle ear ana the throat through the eustaehian tube is the connecting link between these two .infections. Most of them can be cleared up without very radical procedure., "~ A child with a chronic runny nose is always a. suspect injthis regard, and the way children blow their noses, or have them blown for them, may frequently aggravate the condition. In children the eustachian tube is short and more open than .in adults. If the child feels his ears by ordinary nasal blowing, he should be taught to hold the handkerchief loosely below the nose and blow into it that way. If a gummy nasal secretion is, present, every means must be taken to loosen up the discharge before the child is allowed to blow his nose at all. It may be permissible in some cases to allow the child to close one nostril with the fingers and blow the discharge out of the other- nostril, but he should be ordered to stop as soon as he feels any 'effect on his ears. So impressed is a prominent New York ear specialist with the fact that Improper nose blowing is the cause of deafness,, that he has called certain conditions "pocket-handkerchief deafness." TOMORROW APMI, 35 CLABK K13-XAIRD Notable Births--Guglielmo (William) Marconi, b. 1874, of Italian father and English mother, wireless pioneer Dr. Felix d'Herelle, b. 1873, Canadian- American bacteriologist. Mary, Princess-Royal of Britain, born 1897 Edwin R. A. Seligman, born 1861, economist and educator. April 25,1719--The first edition of Robinson Crusoe was published, and immediately began piling up a record as the best selling novel of all time. It had appeared first as a newspaper serial, having been written as hack-work by 58 year old Daniel Foe, ex-convict and bankrupt who was nevertheless the most distinguished journalist of his time. He was a snob, too; when fame came, he changed his name to DeFoe because he was ashamed of the humble position of his father, a butcher. »' * * Ten Years Ago Today--Riza Khan Pahlevi, the shah of Iran (Persia, who now is peeved at the U. S.' because his minister was arrested at Blkton, Md., for speeding,) had himself crowned at Teheran. Son of a peasant, he began hia career as a trooper in a Russian Cossack regiment. ONE MINUTE PULPIT--And above all things have fervent charity among yourselves: for charity shall cover the multitude of sins.--I Peter 4:8. EARLIER DAYS FSOSl GLOBE-GAZETTE FILES Thirty Years Ago-Mr. and Mrs. J. D. Glass left today for Wisconsin where they plan to spend a few weeks. Mr. and Mrs. Westfall are enjoying a two weeks outing at St. Charles, La. E. J. Whittle left today for Rockford and Belvidere. 111., on an extended business visit. Miss Mayme Farrell, who is teaching in Sanborn, arrived home yesterday for a brief visit with her parents. Harry Dixon of Watertown, S. Dak., was in the city yesterday on business. Walter Williams of Mazeppa, Minn., was in the city for a short time yesterday visiting friends. Mrs. Bouton and granddaughter returned today irom a visit at Indianapolis, Ind. Twenty Years Ago-Mrs. H. Ferberg left today for Joliet, 111., for a visit with her daughter, Mrs. C. W. Berger. C. R. Nicholson is in Dakota this week looking after business. G. J. Dwan of this city, son of Mr. and Mrs. Tim Dwan has been appointed general freight agent, of the Mexican Central railroad, with .headquarters at Mexico City. Robert Witwer left yesterday for a few days business visit in Chicago. ' Mrs. Millaid left last night for Madison, Wis., where she will make an extended visit with relatives. D. J. Stewart left last night for Chicago on a business trip. A special meeting was called by Mayor Dawson at the courthouse assembly room last night for the purpose of raising funds to aid those suffering as a result of the San Francisco earthquake. Ten Years Ago-FORT WORTH, Tex.--Jack Dempsey today signed with Tex Rickard to fight a world's heavyweight boxing championship bout in September at a place and against an opponent to be picked by Rickard. Mrs. 0. A. Merkel and Carl Reid have returned from Chicago where they attended the toy fair. Coach Grimsley today selected Cecil Kellum, Emil Koerber, Porter North and Val Apland as the Mohawk quarter-mile and half-mile relay teams which will run in the Drake relays at Des Moines. The Mason City relays became a reality today when the national federation Of state high school athletic associations placed its stamp of approval on the meet, which will bs held here May 22. Kenneth Mitchell-of Mason City waas elected president of the junior class at the Iowa State college election yesterday. Miss Grace Moran left today-for Chicago where she will visit relatives. ALL OF US By MARSHALL MASUN [WHICH IS WISER, HEART OR BRAIN? I wrote something to the effect that the wisest decisions we malce are made not by our brains, but by our hearts; not by our intellectual processes, but by our emotions. W. H. D., San Antonio, Tex., writes to tell me that's just my opinion and I am mistaken. And he makes some good arguments, too . . . He asks if I think the World war was a success, blames emotion for it, and says: "If the decision of the world leaders had been dictated by brain, the world would not have suffered'all the woes it has suffered for several thousand years.'" Also-"Had not the brain triumphed over emotion now and then, there could not have been any progress, for emotion is the same today as in the beginning and where emotion rules, disaster follows." And-"The brain must rule in human affairs, just as it rules in the production of things for human needs. . . . Emotion never produced anything that the brain did not have to dispose of in the interest of common sense ... Name ONE." Well, W. H. D., I admire your intelligence and I CAN name one important product of emotion . . . I refer to BABIES, and without babies there's no human race. And I refer you to Love, Faith, Kindness and Courage. I wouldn't be so silly as to argue that the brain is not useful, that the heart can do anything, but I do know that the life that is held too sternly in the grip of the brain is arid and sterile and unhappy . . . and I believe that our profoundest satisfactions come when we obey basic emotions that are older than the useful convolutions of our brains. Both bratn and heart are guilty of tragic errors, but the heart's riches »-.re inexhaustible, while the brain goes easily bankrupt. I have not convinced Mr. D.--but neither has he convinced me. OBSERVING m POLITICAL BROADCASTING WAS STARTED BACK IN '16 had always thought that the election returns in 1920, at which time Warren G. Harding's selection for the presidency was announced, constituted the first political broadcast in the United States. I learn, however, that Dr. Lee de Forest, father of radio, broadcast the Wilson-Hughes election returns in 1916 from his High Bridge, New York, station. Interestingly enough, the announcement was heard by a scant dozen persons with their privately-built receiving sets. That's all there were in the United States at that time. --o-A FEW SAFETY RULES PLACED IN REVERSE. ^^ am indebted to Dorothy V Fischbeck, a Mason City '{SEP*" student at Iowa State college, Ames, for this humorously handled' safety preachment clipped by her from the Iowa State Student, campus publication: "It takes all types of men to' make up the world. Some men.de- sire a. peaceful, quiet life, but they are few and far between. What a monotonous life! Most men desire fame and fortune--power to them; while others crave publicity and excitement. One way to gain publicity is to strive to be the most reckless driver of the year. If any man or woman will follow these five simple rules, he or she may easily reach that goal: "1. Put 'the foot-feed to the floor and by all means don't miss any of the beautiful scenery. Don't drive too fast, but don't let anyone pass you. Have a carefree attitude and let the rest of the cars go by as best they can. "2. Take your half of the road right out of the middle of the road. Someone has said, 'Reserve the left lane for the oncoming car, the driver might want to use it,' but don't take it seriously. "3. Never indicate a left hand turn. It is a poor chess player who gives away his next move. "4. Never honk the horn--it merely wears down the battery. And don't slow up for the sharp curves --that's a sissy practice. '5. Don't worry about the pedestrian, he has more time to worry than you have." PLANT IN ICY SPRING PROBABLY WATER CRESS wondered some time ago what hardy plant it might be that was blooming in the icy waters of the stream flowing through Spring park. Now I understand, thanks to Miss Ida Iversen of the high school staff, that it may have .been water cress. She reports having seen the same plant late in the fall. Also, she's given me a certain sign of spring. The tip is this: When the soft maple blooms, spring is on its way. The bloom this year was about a fortnight ago. "DON'T TRY THIS--IT WONT WORK"--QUILLEN have often heard it said that fflplSone of the principal causes 'elP' i * of "domestic incompatibility" is the presence of a wife's or- husband's relatives in the household. The studies of social workers bear out this contention. While this is known to nearly everybody, there is usually a confidence on the part of those who try it that their experience will be an exception to the rule. Unfortunately, however, there are few exceptions to the rule. Robert Quillen, South Carolina editor, .known to Globe-Gazette readers as the mind back of "Aunt Het," discusses this subject most interestingly in a letter which purports to be to his daughter, as follows: "Some day, if you are lucky, you will marry and nave a home of your own. Then you will have two dads · and two mothers, and these in the course of nature will grow old and helpless and lonely. Perhaps they will need care and a place to live. "Well, when my time comes, 1 shall expect you to do your duty. If I am broke and unable to work, and you are rather well-fixed, I shall think hard of you if you don't take care of me. And your mother, I am sure, will feel the same way. "At whatever cost or sacrifice, even if it requires giving up your car and wearing old clothes, you should see that we have food.and shelter and comfort. "But don't, I beg you, don't let us live in your house. Build us, or the surviving one of us, a shack in the back yard, or establish us as paying guests in a home for the old, or whatever else you will or can', but don't fly in the face of the age-old rule that no house is big enough for two families. "It is the duty and right of every woman to rule her home. And after a lifetime of doing just that, your mother won't be able to fold her hands and play the guest. With the best of intentions, she will interfere and rearrange and do things in her own way, and your right to manage your own home as you see fit will be gone. If you rebel, she will be hurt; if you submit you will be resentful and unhappy. "Old Dad won't try to run the house, but he will interfere with your training of the children and spoil them, and he will assume authority that isn't his. Your husband, however kind he may be, will feel that the house contains one man too many. "It isn't big things, but little things, that grate on the nerves under such conditions. There is loss of privacy, and a feeling of strain, and a general air of 'making the best of things.' Angelic people can do it, but families of that grade are few. "Of course I'm hoping we'll be independent when we are old; but you can't tell what may happen, and it is best to settle the matter now. while it can be -discussed without false pretense and hurt feelings." Answers to Questions Bj FREDERIC J. HASKJN PLEASE KOIE--A reader CM net the answer to any Question of fact by writlns the Mason City Globe-Gazette's Information Bureau. Frederic J. Haskin, Director, \VasUinsum, D. c. Please send three (3) cents postage tor reply. When was the Grand Canal of China, built? E. N. The first section was opened in 486 B. C. and from that time until A. D.-1289 when Kublai Khan finished the last stretch, the emperors of succeeding dynasties opened new parts or repaired those which had fallen into disuse. Its total length is estimated at 3,000 biles. Dd Uncle Tom's Cabin have another title? P. S. In the style of the times, it had the double title, Uncle Tom's Cabin or Life mong the. Lowly. How many members of congress were not born in this country? H. H. Fifteen of foreign birth. Four are senators and 11 ar= in the house. How far back did tne Austrian lip appear in the Hapsburg family? L. A. Said to have appeared with the Emperor, Maximilian I, who lived from 1459 to 1519. What was the name of Goldsmith's Deserted VUlage? S. M. He gave it the. imaginary name of Auburn, but it is probably lassoy in Kilkenny West, Ireland, where Goldsmith's father was pastor. Which is the oldest university In Europe? B. H. The University of Pavia, Italy, founded by Lothaire, grandson of Charlemagne, in 825. Why was Arlington, the Custis estate, so named? H. H. For the ancient 1 Custis homestead on the eastern shore of Virginia. At what time of day did plays begin in the Elizabethan period? A. L. In public theaters, in the early afternoon, between 2 and 3 o'clock, and. lasted for about two hours. What country holds the world speed record for trains? F. W. The world's record of 127.2 m. p. h.was made by a Pennsylvania train traveling between New York and Chicago in 1905. What Is the origin of the expression, appeal from Philip drunk to Philip sober? E. M. Valerius Maximua tells the story of Philip of Macedon. One of his female subjects, not satisfied with a decision of his while in his cups, appealed to the only higher court--the same man in his right mind--and won her case. What was the speed record of Always Faithful, U. S. army homing pigeon? G. R. It won the Chattanooga national j pig-eon race, against 1114 other fly- j ei-s, flying 715 miles at an average speed of 47 miles an hour. The pigeon received a gold medal for outstanding performance in 1935. When did John Galsworthy make his first trip to America? F. S. In 1912 to supervise the production of his play, The Pigeon. How long snould a good coat of paint last on the outside of a house? M. G. Three to five years. Where does the Delaware river meet tidewater? H. G. At Trenton, N. Y., 130 miles above the mouth. Belcw this city the river becomes a broad sluggish inlet of the sea with many marshes along its side, widening steadily into its great estuary, Delaware bay. . Please give me the optional and compulsory age for retirement of assistant postmasters in second class postoffices? G. H. The postoffice department says that retirement after 30 years of service is optional at 68. The age of 70 is compulsory retirement age. Has any person ever found a dead elephant standing on its feet in the open? G. S. No. For Home Canners The Globe-Gazette offers a 48 page booklet containing more than 100 tested recipes for home canning and preserving. Sections on fruits, vegetables, meats and chicken. Tells how to make fine jellies, jams, marmalades, fruit butters and pickles; how to bottle fruit juices and salt down fresh vegetables. The berry season is approaching. New fruits and vegetables will be coming into the market every week. Order your copy of this aid to household economy today. Inclose 10 cents to cover cost, postage and handling. Use coupon. The Mason City Globe-Gazetto Information bureau, Frederic J. Haskin, director, Washington, D. C. I inclose 10 cents in coin (carefully wrapped) for the booklet, "Canning and Preserving-." Name Street City Stats (Mail to Washington, D. C.)

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