The Mason City Globe-Gazette from Mason City, Iowa on January 18, 1945 · Page 1
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January 18, 1945

The Mason City Globe-Gazette from Mason City, Iowa · Page 1

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Thursday, January 18, 1945
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NORTH IOWA'S DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME o c p A n m N r OF THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH 1OWANS NEIGHftORS" TO1 ' 1J *~drt»«ftm»dIMM»i«.gua-L n «d-Wte. . ' . .. UHV. cam . C^ ^ MASON CUT.IOWA.THURSDAY. JANUARY 1«. IMS ~~ ~~ ^ -~ : --__ _ aarmamx M. l**a ^ Tbl» Fnxr Coniats at Two Sections-Section Oa» NO «7 BELIEVE REDS IN GERMANY British Enter Germany ANGLO-RUSSIAN //i Drive Toward Roer YANKS ATTACK 4 MILES FROM REICH BORDER Report Third Army Mopping Up Nazis Trapped Near Nennig Paris, (JP)--British troops invaded Germany at a new point Thursday in a 2Va mile advance from Holland toward the Roer river, sweeping through 4 villages and reeling the Germans back with shellfire and bayonets. In the Ardennes salient to the south, the U. S. first army attacked less than 4 miles from St. Vith, 4 miles Irom the reich. The 3rd army mopped up nazis trapped before the Siegfried line in Germany near Nennig, 12 miles south oE Luxembourg city. -But above Strasbourg, 'the reinforced and increasingly aggressive Germans lengthened their narrow cross-Bbine bridgehead to 9 miles'and captured Strattmatten and Dengolsheim, 15 miles north- cast of tbe Alsatian capital. Ibt · V. S. army, however, won adjacent Sessenh'eim, .lought into the streets of Herrlisheim and.beat down attacks at Batten. -The wbite-caped · Britons'' 61 Lt. Geri. Sir JMiles C. Dempsey^s 2nd - array rcaptur^L.;';§gstjJ^.iJcfit I Overeuid and Overhayen ui .the Dutqh panhandle.'They. swept o n across the frontier in a hook shaped tip of Germany northeast of Sittard in an area about 8 miles from the Roer, 24 from Munchen Gladba'ch (127,001)) and 38 from Germany's llth city o£ Dusseldorf (540,000.) . Echt is 7 miles north of Sittard; Overhoven a half mile north. Susteren and Overeind are between and east of Maeseyck. Dieteren was captured Wednesday. By a trick o£ boundaries, the British will have to again pass through a sliver of the Netherlands before reaching the Roer, guarded to the south by the U. S. 9th army. Sir Miles' new assault still was comparatively small, but was be- ins extended. His main force was on a 2,000-yard front; it was gathering momentum b e h i n't mine-basting tanks. The Germans were · pouring in reinforcements and committing some armor. The 2-day curtain of fog began to lift slowly after dawn, promising air support. The miserable combination o£ snow, ice ant Winding ground haze had been ' perhaps the greatest brake on the allied attack since the start of the week. As the fog lifted in the north, a slight rise in temperature turned snow to slush. ] The first army, perhaps by now fighting again under command ol Lt. Gen. Omar N. Bradley in the re-merged 12th»army group, captured Recht and high ground east of Vi els aim as it pressed upon St. Vith, last large Belgian road center still in .German hands. The closest approach to the junction of 2 railroads and 7 highways funnelling into the Siegfried line was in the Recht area. Row- ever nearly 3 miles of forest and nigged hills barred the approaches to St. Vith, where many Americans were lost in Held Marshal yon Rundstedt's December offensive. Gen. Elsenhower's communi- que noted "lighter resistance." Lt. Gen. George S. ration's 3rd army captured Bourcy and Hard- ingy, on the south side, of what was the Belgian bulge. The army · continued exploratory jabs inside Germany along the Moselle valley. British Mosquito planes all night l o n g supported the Tommies aground, freezing out enemy reserves backing up the line east of the Maas (Meuse) and west of the Boer. Towns behind the battleline ·were burned and Germans lost their shelter in the bitter cold. Swinging north from Dietcren, the British advanced up a narrow road east o£ the Julians canal, Seized Echt arid then wheeled south to link up with other forces ^ advancing from Susteren. The first and 30th (Old Hich- ·ory) divisions of It. Gen. Courtney H. Hodges' first army moved south upon St. Vith side by side throngh snowdrifts laming to muck and against bitter opposition from dug in Germans, Some 24 enemy tanks were destroyed on the western ·57 front Wednesday, attesting to the ififfening German defenses. The 30th gained the most ground and v/as closest to St. Vith. · Around the rest of the flattening Belgian salient, gains were measured mostly in hundreds of yards as the foe attempted to hold ;he elliptical ridge line from St. Vith to Houtfalize to Wiltz in Luxembourg. Rundstedt was striv- j to prevent a collapse which would split his 5th and 6th panzer armies. ' Except for rear guard action, most of the tanks of these commands- had been pulled out and infantry had taken over the defense in the difficult Ardennes mountains. ' It still was touch and so on the 7th army front across northeastern Fiance. Gen. Hermann Balck's first and 19th German armies were throwing harder and harder blows in attempts to retain the initiative against Lt. Gen. Alexander Bf. Patch, hero of Guadalcanal. Most blows were stopped cold. In the Bitche salient 20 miles southeast of " Saarbrucken, the Americans for the most part were doing .the attacking. Steadily but slowly, they were whittling down the original German bulge, but the ground was changing hands only a few hundred yards at a time. The enemy was counterattacking in active defense. The bitterest battle was at Hatten, a bolt in the old outmoded Maginot line. The Germans reinforced their attack on Hatten itself late Wednesday, but .the 7th army held firm: Another force tried .to s t a'$ through the Asch- brucli forest southeast of the scattered village toward the northern end of the Strasbourg Rhine pocket. The Germans" were flung.back. South': of Strasbourg; the French first army front around Colmar remained quiet. Say Wallace VTay Receive abiriet Post -Washington, (fP)--Fresh reports irculated Thursday that . Henry . Wallace will be named seere- ary, of commerce in President Roosevelt's 4th term cabinet. They disturbed senate friends f .Secretary Jesse Jones' and led hem to seek assurance that Jones vould continue in any event as iead of federal lending and fi- lancing agencies. The white house was completely ilent on Mr. Roosevelt's inten- ions and the principals alike made o statements but the report that lie president is .leaning to Wai ace gained wide acceptance in ongrressional circles. Senators Connally (D., Tex) id Bailey (D., N. ,Car.)), close riends of Jones, visited the white house Wednesday. They woulc not discuss 'their talk with Mr. Roosevelt, but the story going the ounds among legislators was this They went to the president to ilead that if he does want Wallace or commerce secretary he shouk trip from that department its urisdiction over the reconstruc- ion finance corporation and subsidiary lending and financial corporations. The great financing agencies vere independent from the time of their creation until Feb. 24 :942, -when their powers and functions iyere, transferred to the.cpm- nerce department. That was argely ; a 'Bookkeeping" ^trsu" etrkoa Tnn AT.'- ntfr : 4-t.'_i- .*liT!_^~ 1J! JAPS REPORT NUISANCE RAIDS B-29's Apparently on Reconnaissance Pearl Harbor, (U.PJ--New B-29 nuisance raids on Tokyo, the Osaka-Kobe area and Korea were reported by the Japanese Thursday, while the American 3rd flee! maneuvered behind a curtain oi radio silence for another strike at the enemy's battered defenses farther south. Hadio Tokyo said single B-29 Fortresses flew over Tokyo at 11 p. m. (Japanese time) Wednesday over the Osaka-Kobe induslria area at 10,a. m. Thursday anc over northern and central Korea about 11:50 a. m., apparently on reconnaissance. . No bombs were reported dropped. The 3rd fleet, which has wrecked nearly 400 ships 'in carrier- plane raids on targets from the Ryukyu islands just south of Japan proper to French Indo China since Jan. 2, has been under radio silence since its aircraft attacket Formosa and the China coas Tuesday. . Superfortresses attacked Formosa in strength Wednesday and Tokyo said 300 of the 3rd fleet's planes simultaneously hit Hong Kong, Canton and Hainan island carying their assault on the China coast into its 4th straight day, bu the latter was not confirmed immediately. SUMMON JURORS IN BREWER CASE Recall November List, 30 Others for Jan. 23 Osage--Jurors for the Novem her term of Mitchell county dis trict court, who had been excusci by Judge M. H. Kepler some tim ago. have been recalled by Don aid Tuttle, clerk of court, to hea the case o£ the state against Mrs Helen Schultz Brewer on a charg of assault with intent to commi murder. The case was sent to Osage from Floyd county district court a Charles City on a change of venu this week. In addition to the regular jury panel for the November term, 3 other jurors have been summonec to appear at 10 a. m. Tuesday. R. E. Holden will serve as cour reporter. iince' Jones' .a? 'that .timeTKeadef ooth jhe RFC and ~th ^department Wallace,, whose;-'term as vice president expires Saturday, has one been reported eyeing the commerce post longingly. Friends who want to see him achieve the democratic presidential nomina- ion in 1948 believe that as secre- :ary of commerce he could win important business support . to weld with the backing he now has amons some labor elements. If the department were strippe_ of its big financial agencies, however, it would lose much of its 'mportance and influence. Although the whole report wa: still in the cloak-room stage, then were rumblings indicating tha Wallace's nomination might run into substantial senate opposition unless some move was made tc keep Jones in the finance posts. Wallace and Jones tangled in an historic quarrel in 1943 when the vice president was head o the board of economic warfare The argument was over whether Jones had stalled in amassini strategic materials. The wealthy Texan stands hig] with many in congress who se him as a stabilizing influence. Th same forces are openly doubtfu of the \yisdom of giving a billion dollar influence to a- man the; regard more as a theorist than businessman. While nomination of Wallace t wield all the powers Jones no\ holds would widen the bread between the white house and thes forces in congress, it undoubted! would quiet the complaints o some new deal forces. They hav been asking "who' won the else lion?"* since the state departmen was . put under ivealthy Edwar Siettinins and a croup of aide, whom they regard as predomi nantly of views which are out o line with the new deal. The ordinary duties of the sec retary of commerce are largel statistical and administrative. 'H lias general charge of such di visions as the census bureau weather bureau and the coast an geodetic survey. He collects sta tistics. concerning foreign and do mestic commerce. He supervise the operation of governmen barge lines and the registration o trade-marks. Pope Expresses Views on Warsaw Liberation Vatican City, (U.R)--Ecclesiasti cal quarters said Thursday tha Pope Pius XII had expressed sat isfaetion over the liberation Warsaw, but at the same tim suggested that it might have com sooner had the Russian force, "whole-heartedly supported" th Polish uprising in the city months ago. The Pope was scheduled to re ceivc a Polish military delegatio headed by Lt. Gen. Wladysla\ Anders, commander of Polis forces in Italy, .Thursday. ACT REVEALED BY CHURCHILL Tells of Agreement on Balkan Dealings to .Stop Future Wars L o n d o n , (JP)--In a lighting peech, Prime Minister Churchill asserted Thursday that he and larshal StaMn had reached an greement on dealing with the ialkans to prevent future wars. He said President Roosevelt had een kept "constantly informed. While insisting, this agreement ras not intended to divide Eu- ope into spheres of influence fter the war, Churchill told commons that Britain would pursue wartime policy of interference n middle Europe so long as he leld office "under, the crown. Thus he challenged the house to .nother vote ot confidence if it disapproved. In rapid-fire order Churchill old the house: Britain will stay in Greece until mpartial elections can be held. The left wing EAM-ELAS- fac- ipns against which British sol- liers have been fighting are "even dirtier than the Germans and must be considered Trotskyite- communists--a p h r a s e many heard as Churchill's absolution for iloscow in the Greek troubles ELAS forces already have butchered up to 1,500 fellow Greeks 'mostly with knives or axes. 1 Britain has no intention of let- ng young King Peter stand in he path of-a regency for Yugoslavia. Be will be ploughed, under y"'Hhe~'ntarcii* : of e vents'* 'niilea ie agrees.--.Marshal Tito mart-be considered ithe : undisputed mastc: of. Yugoslavia. Italy will be free of Germans n a-few months or sooner--they vill withdraw or be thrown out- an'd the hungry weight of a vast iberated territory willbe thrown on a "fragile" government in Rome. -But--and this statesmen' was not .explained--there is no combination of powers in Europe n which "we need Italy as a partner." "We need Italy no more than w_ need Spain because we have no designs which require support o that country," Churchill declared The prime minister's speech opened a 2 day all-out debate on Jie ivhole world situation. At : point he apparently warned thi house not to divide on his poll cies, declaring: "I would warn the house tha if we are going to tear ourselve asunder over all the feuds anc passions of the Balkan countrie which our armies have liberate! we shall find ourselves incapabl of making great settlements afte the war." Without directly mentioning th United States policy of "non-in terfcrenee," Churchill said he ha been exchanging .personal tele grams with Marshal Stalin "abou what is the best thing to do" an asserted "We - keep Presiden Roosevelt constantly informed." And in face of appeals for Icn iency for revolting ELAS forces Greece, the prime minisle warned that whether "it is popu lar or not we shall not hesitat to rescue these hostages (take by ELAS) a n d punish the: slaughter or maltreatment.' Buy your War B o n d s an Stamps from your Globe-Gazett carrier boy. Weather Report FORECAST ,, Mason City: Mostly cloudy wit occasional light snow or drizzl Thursday night, and light sno\ Friday. Lowest Thursday nigh at Mason,City about 20, becom ing colder late Friday. Iowa: Mostly cloudy through Fri day; light snow in northern por tion Friday. Little change i temperature Thursday nigh becoming colder late Friday. Minnesota -- Cloudy Thursda night and Friday with light sno' Thursday night changing 1 snow flurries Friday; littl change in temperature Thurs day night becoming colder Fri day. IN MASON CITY Maximum Wednesday 29 Minimum Wednesday 13 At 8 a. m. Thursday 2{ Precipitation .36 inch Snowfall 6 inches YEAR AGO: Maximum 4' Minimum 30 TANKS REST IN FOREST ON WESTERN FRONT--Following the liberation of the "recaptured" city of LaRoche, Belgium, by American troops, British vehicles line up'in this shelter.on the wooded hillside near the town."This is a U. S. army signa! corps photo. Report Japs Evacuating Personnel From Manila; Yanks Meet Near Tarlac General MacArthur's Headquarters, Luzon, (U.PJ--Field reports ndlcated Thursday that the Japanese have begun evacuating kev per- onnel by air from Manila to northern Luzon and possibly even Formosa in anticipation of the early* -- --: tall of the Philippine capital. News of furtive northward flights by enemy, transport planes reached headquarters as American forces massed strength;,a few miles'abwe Tariac;'B5 miles north of^MSnilaJiriof ; a: new southward lurige.-that: was expected to carry all the .'way. to the great Clark air center, ^25.miles away. 7 Other forces 'widened the American beachhead on the Liu- Rayen gulf north of Tarlac to 65 miles with a 11 mile advance which sealed off the Fangasinan peninsula and secured the west- m flank against the possibility of a Japanese counter-attack. Striking northwest from Ala- ninos, the W£stern column pushed through clear to the northern tip of the peninsula at Bolinao in the face of only negligible resistance from scattered Japanese stragglers. At last reports, the Americans were advancing down the west coast ot the peninsula toward Dasol bay, 15 miles southwest of Alaminos. Sixth army troops also made $ * * * # further progress on the eastern flank despite sharp resistance from .well-entrenched Japanese troops. :One force drove to with- m.a;haU mUe; of Rpsaripj-5 miles inland from -Damdrtis and 14 miles ' ' 'capital of-Baguio. ; - Another cut the main 'central plains north-south highway at Bobonan, 8 miles south of Rosarlo, and a 3rd rammed into Pozorrubio, enemy strong point 9 miles east of San Fabian. Once the Japanese attack routes on the eastern flank have been secured-- and that appeared likely within a matter ot hours -- the Americans above Tarlac were expected to resume their southward march toward Manila. Tarlac, a provincial capital, road hub and town of 17,000, should prove an easy nut to crack and reconnaissance reports indicated the Americans would meet no formidable resistance north of the Clark field air center, if indeed above Manila itself. STOP ACTION ON TAX PLAN - Believe Farm Bureau Pressure Caused Action Des Mollies, (/P)--Action on:proposed continuation of the state income tax 50 per cent forgiveness was postponed Thursday-possibly until next week--upon the request of Sen. Irving ,D. Long (HrManchester)' one -of the.'au- I'^j'Ou "- s^^Tr^~'T^^ b ""VI ^**-. \ Lohg~~said~ the ·postponement was necessitated because he had not received requested statistical information from- the state tax commission. There were growing indications, however, that pressure brought by the Iowa Farm Bureau Federation--advocate of full income tax payments -- and other groups fighting for passage of school code revision measures might have precipitated the postponement. Some senate proponents of- the income tax cut said they felt Thursday was the propitious time for action on the bill, which was reported out of the ways and means committee Wednesday following a hasty session. Discussion also was postponed on a resolution authored Tuesday jy Sen. John T. Berg (R-Cedar Tails) to prevent the appropriation ot any surplus funds for any purposes until provision had been nade for departmental and institutional needs. Berg declared he was not withdrawing the resolution, on which discussion originally was expected Wednesday. "We're sitting by waiting for facts and figures concerning the surplus," he explained. He added, however, that he felt Ihe resolution "already has served its purpose." "The intent of it was to keep forces with special interests from being too hasty until we learn what our course of action should be." he said. The senate received 8 bills In Us half-hour morning session and then adjourned until 1:30 p. m. Sen. E. K. Bekman, (R-Ottumwa), introduced a bill which would allow district mine inspectors to permit firing of shots or blasting in Iowa coal mines while workers were in the pits, provided certain "permissible explosives" the approved list of the u; bureau of mines were used. Another bill provided for the appointment of chiefs of police from civil service eligibility lists such as are used for fire chiefs. ARMORED BREAKTHROUGH POSSIBLE--According to a dispatch fi;om the Philippines front, there is possibility that American armored forces may be able to sweep down the Luzon plain to Manila in a matter of weeks instead of months as first thought. Some army vanguards, striking out from our beachheads at Lingayen gulf, were moving so fast they had to be slowed down to keep in touch with units behind them. Stiffer resistance will undoubtedly be met when the Japs, caught off balance by the initial landings, regroup their forces to the south. Meanwhile, to halt the northward flow of feverish enemy reinforcements, Yank planes have knocked out at least 3 o f - t h e main bridges above Manila. Black area shows U. S. holdings as our forces, spread from their original beachhead. ROKQSSOVSKY FORCES NEAR EAST PRUSSIA Stalin Reports 1,000 Populated Places Taken Including Modlin London, (JP;--Marshal Konstanin Rokossovsky's 2nd White Rus- iian army drove to within 17 miles of East Prussia's southern border Thursday. The right wing of the nammoth soviet offensive in Po- and may already have crossed the frontier of German Silesia. Berlin admitted a wholesale disengaging movement was in process, and one Moscow dispatch said it was believed Germany was now fighting on home soil on the eastern front in Silesia as well as on the western front. Marshal Stalin announced ' tliat more than 1,000 towns and villages, including the fortress o£ Modlin, 15 miles northwest of \Varsaw at the confluence of the Vistula and Bug, were captured by Rokossovsky. Przasnysz, 50 miles north of Warsaw and 17 miles from the East Prussian border, also w a s captured in the thrust along the main Warsaw-Konigsberg highway. , More than 1,500 localities have been' seized since Rokossovsky launched his drive along the Na- rew north of Warsaw with his general objectives the reaching of Dan2ig and the possible isolation of all or most of East Prussia. German military .commentators said Rokossovsky had ·thrown .20 fresh divisions'-, into the power drive ·· toward- the. Baltic, 100'miles north 'of-Przasriysz.' ·" : · --:-·'--; Three great .Russian 000,000 strong on a" 259 mrfc'f vere fast Hbewting" all Peland .fter the capture of Warsaw, Hatom and Czestochowa, and the iermans were reported' falling back to their next natural line of defense, «he Oder river 30 miles rom Berlin. "The liberation of Warsaw an- lounces the forthcoming fall o£ Berlin," proclaimed the Moscow ""ress. Berlin, admitting confusion in he face o£ the smashing on- laught, said Tomaszow, 30 miles outhcast of Lodz, Poland's greatest industrial city, h a d b e e n evacuated, and said Breslau, Gcr- nany's chief industrial city in Si- esia, was "directly in the danger one." The Lublin radio said Krakow, city of Poland's ancient kings, also had been captured. The forces of Marshal Gregory Zhukov, which took Warsaw, and o£ Marshal Ivan Konev were con- erging on Lodz from the east as well as the south. Zhukov, after taking Zyrardow, 25 miles west of Warsaw, struck southwest toward Lodz, 4G miles away. Zhyrardow is 288 miles from Berlin. Konev's first Ukraine army, which captured Czestochowa, the Catholic center known as the ^Polish Lourclcs," struck lor the orman frontier 15 miles distant. It was Konev who was closest, to Berlin, 260 miles at Czesto- chowa. His spearheads were just 35 miles north of Katowice, the Polish Border town where the first wagonloads of wounded w e r e brought back from the front in the 2nd World war. Russian crews in new Stalin super-tanks were threatening to cut off a cluster of German cities in Silesia--Beuthen, Hindenbunr and Gleiwitz--from the main support of German armies to the 2 New Congresswomen Appointed to Foreign Affairs Committee * · Washington, (U.PJ--Two democratic freshmen congresswomen-Mrs. Helen Gahagan Douglas (D. Cal.) and Mrs. Emily Taft Douglas (D., 111.)--have won appointments to the house foreign affairs committee, a post which republicans 2 years ago refused to give to t h e i r beauty-and-brains trust Rep. Clare Soothe Luce of Connecticut. Selection of the 2 Mrs. Doug- lases gives the foreign affairs committee the heaviest distaf representation among house committees and adds one more parallel in the lives oE the 2 congresswomen who share the same surname. north. Breslau, on the Oder river, is 90 miles directly west of Czesto- chowa. At the Oder the Russian armies would be standing on the line which Lublin Poles have claimed for their post-war frontier with Germany. While there was as yet no official confirmation of a Russian crossing into Silesia, an Associated Press dispatch from the soviet capital said it was certain the red army was no more than 8 miles from the frontier and that Konev's guns already were shelling German industrial territory where the smokestacks are thick. For several weeks the red army has been fighting within the eastern limits of East Prussia, a detached part of pre-war Germany. Moscow had not yet confirmed German announcements of a 4th soviet offensive there which had pushed 13 miles or more into the Junkers province. But Marshal Konstantin Rokos- sovsky's 2nd White Russian army, battering forward 25 miles on a 63 mile front which toppled the fortress city of Pultusk on the Narew and 500 other communities north of Warsaw, had advanced

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