The Mason City Globe-Gazette from Mason City, Iowa on January 14, 1943 · Page 1
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January 14, 1943

The Mason City Globe-Gazette from Mason City, Iowa · Page 1

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Thursday, January 14, 1943
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NORTH IOWA'S DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME "THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS' VOL. XLIX ASSOCIATED PRESS UNITED LEASED MASON CITY, IOWA, THURSDAY, JANUARY 14, 1943 THIS PAPEn CONSISTS OP TWO SECTIONS SECTION ONE NO. 83 REDS FAN OUT IN CAUCASUS DRIVE QUICK ADVANCE ALONG R.R. TO ROSTOV LISTED British Hear German Officers Are Flying From Stalingrad Trap By HENRY C. CASSIDY MOSCOW, (IP)--The red army's come-back drive through the Caucasus was reported Thursday fanning out wider on both sides bl the Rostov-Baku trunk line as separate spearheads of the assault stabbed on through towns more than 200 miles west and 50 miles north oE recaptured Mineralnye Vody. * * * Despite German attempts at a stand, the Russians were broadening: their offensive front in fighting unchecked by steady rains and wet snow which bogged the fertile valley fields with mud and water. A dozen towns were won back under the red banner in the continuing drive, officials announced. German reports that the Russians had launched new offensives against the Leningrad siege line or on the Voronezh front to the north of the Don bend were not confirmed here. Neither com- muniques nor battlefront dispatches mentioned these sectors. Dispatches announcing the recapture of Novo "Bladgodarnoye Placed the Russian advance more than 20 miles west of the spa town of Mineralnye Vodv, recaptured early this week. Another arm of the offensive swept through Kumagorsky and on past Zhuravsfcoye, 58 miles north of Mineralnye Vody. . * * * In between, on the- straightened Iron*, the Russians reported seizing the little towns of Kalaborka, Orbeliauovka and Pobegailovskoye in the heart of some of the most intensively farmed land in the Caucasus. * * * Battlefront accounts said tanks led the Russian advance, breaking up nazi counterattacks a 1 o n H highways and rail lines of the Kuma river valley near Kuma- gorsky. Red star, mouthpiece of the Russian army, said a large German force had been surrounded in one Caucasian settlement and was under the combined attacks of tanks and Cossack cavalry In their regular early war 'bulletin the soviet leaders recounted a sharp advance along the ''f ,^ ay l ° ^ oslov - a slowln S down of the combined drive northwest of Mmeralnye Vody, the smashing of waves of determined axis' counterattacks in the lower Don " vei " arca ' and new successes in trie Kussian campaign to throw the Germans out of the Stalingrad J act °J"y are a and to exterminate the besiegers. * * * Red army columns slashed ?,"!, no «h from the Mineralnye- tody-Rostov rail line to recap- lure Zhuravskoye. seizing the district center of Novoselitskoye and other large towns in the advance, it was stated. Zhuravskoye is 45 miles west of Budennovsk and 20 miles to the north of it is Slagodarnoyc. at the Head of a rail spur that pushes northwest to meet the Divnoe- Kropotkin railroad. Thus more elements of the Caucasus army are fused with the red army troops that had roiled south through the Kalmyck sleppe to form a vast front now ready to turn west in a.sweep toward Rostov. In one unspecified sector of the Caucasus battle the early com- munique reported that a German infantry and tank counterattack was repulsed with H tanks destroyed and the infantry turned by a flank attack that accounted for 100 German dead. (The German news agency DNB was quoted by Reuters. British news agency, as conceding Wednesday night that soviet tanks had broken the axis main line in the Caucasus.) * f * A series of German counterattacks in the lower Don valley was repulsed with heavy loss to the enemy in all sectors, the Russians reported. * * * In the battle to clear the Germans out of Stalingrad, the city's defenders who had broken through to the western suburbs consoli- aS f f Ann 1 ^ P ositions TM* killed about 400 invaders as they threw back counterattacks, the commu- nique said. (The Moscow correspondent of Reuters reported in London that high-ranking German o f f i c e r s were leaving the Stalingrad area by plane.) Fleeing Germans Eat a Bite Lven an army which is desperately trying to avoid capture or destruction by a relentlessly pursuing foe must take time out to eat. These Germans." members of a field gun crew, look none too happy as they stop for a bite somewhere on the Russian front. This picture was received in London from a neutral source after it had appeared in an axis magazine. Frances Farmer Sentenced to Jail for Breaking Probation Once Glamorous Actress Knocks Down Officer in Melee in Courtroom SANTA MONICA, Cal., (P)_ Frances Farmer, once glamorous screen actress, was sentenced to 180 days in jail Thursday for violation of drunk driving probation, and in a wild melee as she was taken from court knocked down one officer but was finally subdued by others. "Have you ever had a broken heart?' she screamed at a matron as she was carried to a cell * * W That was (he only possible hint as to the reason for a wild 24 hours, marked by a fijfht. which preceded her arrest in a fashionable Hollywood hotel. "Since you appeared in this court last Oct. 24," Police Judge Marshall Hickson asked her ns she was brought before him, "have you had anything to drink?" Her answer was a shout: "Yes, I drank everything I could get, including benzedrine. Must I starve to death to obey your laws?" The judge silenced her to pronounce sentence. ' _. The scene in the matron's office took place after she was refused permission to use a telephone. The sentence climaxed a career which began in Hollywood six years agro. after the Seattle cirl. a university graduate, had made a trip to Russia as reward for winning a home-town newspaper's popularity contest. * * * It was no movie glamor girl who faced the bench, however. Her light blue suit was mussed, her blond hair straggling, her eyes were red. She had spent the night in jail after her arrest in a fashionable Hollywood hotel. A bench warrant was issued last week, charging that the actress had failed to pay the balance of a $250 fine for drunken driving. She had paid S125 at the time probation was granted. * FLING COSTS ACTRESS KOUE IN" FILM HOLLYWOOD. (U.R) _ Actress Frances Farmer's 24-hour film* Thursday cost her a film rote and ended in her arrest on a charge of violating probation. During that time, she allegedly dislocated a hair dresser's jaw on a studio set; she was involved in a night club argument, and finally she was arrested * * * Detective Earl R e I n b o I d awoke her in a fashionable Hollywood hotel Wednesday to take her into custody. He sard she fled to a bathroom and made her reappearance in ihe node When she was booked at the jail, she listed her occupation in an unorthodox fashion that caused the booking officer to jump whin he rtad it. Miss Farmer had been sought for two weeks for violation oi FRAIVCES FARMER probation. A six- month jail sentence for drunken d r i v i n g had been suspended on condition thai she pay a line and remain out of trouble for two years. She paid only half Ihe fine and failed to appear when the balance was due. Edna Eurge, studio hairdresser, brought a battery complaint against Miss Farmer Wednesday charging that she had been slugged so hard by the blond actress that she had lo have her jaw set before she could close her mouth. Miss Surge said she was attacked without provocation while she was setting Miss Farmer's hair. The Monogram Studio later disclosed that Miss Farmer Iiad been removed from the lead role of "No Escape" and that iVfary Brian had been substituted. Emily Grinnell. an aircraft worker, told of the night club argument and said she was attempting to quiet Miss Farmer when the actress slid from her chair "and left her sweater in my arms." · Miss Farmer was divorced last fall by Actor Lief Erickson at Reno. Father of 9 Convicted of Slaying Friend KANSAS CITY, Kans.. (/P)-Wyandotte county district court jurors convicted Albert Marcus. 36, the father of nine children, of first-degree murder in the slaying of lu's friend George AHop-- although the victim's mother. Mrs- May AHop, earlier had asked that prosecution be dropped. The jury of seven women and five men fixed punishment at life imprisonment. Yankee PT's Hit 2 Nippon Destroyers By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS American motor torpedo boats darting into battle against Japanese warships were officially reported Thursday to have damaged two and possibly three enemy destroyers in the waters off Guadalcanal island, in the Solomons. A navy department bulletin said the enemy warships, prer sumably attempting to carry reinforcements to embattled Japanese troops on the island, were forced to withdraw to the northwest as a result of the furious torpedo-boat assault. Two torpedo hits were scored on one ot the destroyers, one hit on a second destroyer, and two possible hits on a third, the navy said. \ The navy's communique said U. S. army troops on the island "continued their advance" under aerial support. ¥ * * Allied warplancs, blasting at Japan's far-ilimg invasion armies from Burma to the South seas were officially credited Thursday with setting big fires at the important enemy base of Lac. New Guinea, and raining destruction on halt a dozen other targets. On the Nov.- Guinea land front, heavy rains slowed efforts to annihilate the trapped Japanese garrison at Sanananda Point, but small allied patrols worked constantly to ferret out hidden pnsi- tions in the swamps and jungles. * * # Gen. Douglas Mac-Arthur's headquarters said united nations r.ir- men bombed Lae, Salamaua, Ha- dang and Finschhafen in northeast New Guinea, striking the heaviest blows at Lae where Japanese reinforcements landed from a badly battered convoy last week. "In a series of co-ordinated attacks, our heavy, medium and attack, units with strong fighter cover bombed the (Lae) airdrome, harbor installations, stores and barges," General lUacArthur reported. "Damage was heavy and large fires were started." * * * Nine Japanese bombers raided tile wharf area at Merauke in Dutch New Guinea, the commun- ique said, but caused negligible damage. In Burma, RAF planes flying from bases in India renewed the attack on the big Japanese base at Akyab, on tne Bay of Bengal, and pounded targets at Kyauktaw 40 miles north of Akyab. BETffHlSEN TAKES STAND Testifies Against Actor Enrol Flynn LOS ANGELES, f/P)--Gazin* squarely and severely at Movie Star Errol Flynn. 17 year old Betty Hansen told a jury Thursday of intimate events in an upstairs bedroom following a dinner party at a Bel Air home last Sept. 27. The blond Lincoln. Ncbr., schoolgirl, the stale's first major witness in Flynn's trial on three counts of statutory rape involving her and another girl, save- her testimony unhesitatingly. Flynn. portrayer of romantic movie roles, watched her closely, chin in hand. * * if. Belly said the act occurred at the home of Fred McEvoy, forme British sportsman, after a dinner party for six. Before dirmer she said. Flynn gave her a drink of liquor she could not identify. She said siic sat on his lap while in a sunroom outside the living room. "At dinner. I ale a little soup and went back to the sunroom." the girl told the superior court jury of nine women and three men. "Then I went back, had some dessert and returned to the sunroom. "The defendant"-- as . she referred to Flynn throughout her testimony--"came out and told me I wasn't feeling well. He said he'd take mo upstairs." Betty began her testimony by saying she turned 17 last Sept. 21 and that she had never been married. * * * She was preceded on the witness stand by her older sister. Jlrs. Patricia Marsden, who testified B«»y was born at 2125 L street, Lincoln. Nebr. Mrs. Marsden said that last Sept. 14, while Betty was residing with her here, they had a dispute and Betty left the house. In two other counts against Flynn, the state alleges statutory rape offenses against Peggy Larue Satterlee, 16, Hollywood entertainer, on the actor's 75-foot yacht Sirocco on Aug. 3, 19-51. RAF DROPS 100 TONS OF BOMBS IN ESSEN RAID Marks 8th Attack on Germany in 11 Nights by Heavy Bombers LONDON, ()--Essen, hard-hit home of the giant Krupp armament works, was battered by 100 tons of explosives and incendiaries Wednesday night in the RAF's third consecutive night attack on the industrial Ruhr .valley, it was announced officially Thursday, * * it. The air ministry sa'id four of the bombers which carried out the concentrated 12 minute downpour of destruction on the repeatedly-raided i n d u s t r i a l center were lost. Other parts of the R u h r also were hit, but Essen was the main target, a communique declared,. It was the RAF's eighth attack on Germany in 11 nights. The communique announced the loss -of one fighter aircraft on operations over France and Holland, and said "Hudsons of the coastal command, without loss, attacked an enemy convoy off the Dutch coast. Two enemy supply ships were hit." So concentrated was the attack that the planes unloaded their deadly cargoes over the tin-get in the space of 12 minutes, the announcement disclosed. * * if. The raid provided a follow- up to a thunderous daylight assault on occupied France and the Netherlands Wednesday in which American flying fortresses played a major role. * * * The previous seven night raids had been directed at industrial cities in the Ruhr valley, including Essen. German night raiders, meanwhile, attacked several places on the northwest coast of England, but the activity was said to be light and no casualties were reported. The raid in whicu the flyin" fortresses participated Wednesday was described as one oi the heaviest ever carried out in daylight over occupied Europe. The principal target of the f rtresses was the industrial city of Lille, which was subjected to its third heavy bombing of the war. "Visibility was good and numerous bursts were observed on the target and in railway, yards/' a communique said. Three of the four-motored American planes failed to return from the raid and two RAF fighters were missing after sweeps over Holland, where transportation and gun positions were blasted. Three German planes were reported shot down. Sharing attention with this activity was the air ministry's disclosure of a three year old war secret--the story ot how Wellington bombers helped clear deadly German magnetic mines from the waters around Britain. * * * In a new booklet on the nil- force, "Coastal Command" the ministry said t h a t the Wellingtons had been equipped with a secret device which set off the mines when the bombers flew over them at low altitude. The device was a hooplikc contrivance extending entirely around the plane and designed to set up a magnetic field with current supplied, by an auxiliary engine. Cut State Income Tax, Hickenlooper Requests ~' f * * * * * * * * ;:= ;.-: a .-:: --· TAKES OATH AS 29THGOVERNOR TO SERVE H Weather Report FORECAST MASON CITY--Moderate temperatures Thursday afternoon, becoming c o l d e r Thursday night and Friday forenoon; moderately strong winds: lo\v temperature 10. IOWA: Colder Thursday night and Friday forenoon; modcratcly strong winds. MINNESOTA: Near cold' wave Thursday afternoon and Thursday night and south portion Friday forenoon. Moderately strong winds Thursday afternoon and Thursday night. Lowest temperature Thursday night 10 or 15 below north and near zero south portion. IN MASON CITY Globe-Gazette weather statistics: Maximum Wednesday 36 Minimum Wednesday night 19 At 8 a. m. Thursday 36 Snow i inch Precipitation .04 inch YEAR AGO: Maximum SB Minimum 20 Iowa's New Governor From lieutenant governor to governor--that's the path followed by Gov. Bourke B. I-licJcenlooper of Cedar Rapids, who Thursday afternoon delivered his inaugural address to the 50th Iowa general assembly gathered in joint session at the statchouse in DCS Moines. (Iowa Daily Press photo) French Take 2 Strategic Tunisia Hills By WES GALLAGHER A L L ! E D HEADQUARTERS IN NORTH AFRICA, (/P)--French troops in Tunisia attacking northwest of Kairoiian captured two strategic heights Wednesday, it was announced Thursday. A French spokesman described the sains as important. He said the captured heights were Jclicl Ilaoub and Jcbel Bou Davouss, which jut from the desert northeastward from Pichon. Algiers, an allied base for the Tunisian operations, had two air raid alerts Wednesday night. (A Reuters dispatch from North Africa said direct contact had been established between Gen. Henri Honorc Gii-uiul's headquarters and the Fighting French of Brig. Gen. Jacques LcClerc-- the first such liaison in the new phase of the African war. (A message to General Gu-itid from Gpneral LeClerc. who has cleaned vip the Fezzan desert area of central Libya in a drive northward from Lake Chad, was delivered by a liaison officer Wednesday, the dispatch said. (How the olficer made the trip was not disclosed, but he might have flown or used an armored car escort.) Bad weather temporarily halted allied aerial operations from the west against Marshal Erwin Rommel's forces in Libya. An indication of the strength the allies arc building up for the coining battles came in a report that the British navy had successfully escorted 371 transports, supply ships anil other vessels tot.ilinR 7.600.000 tons between Gibraltar and North African ports from last Nov. 8, when the AEF made its first landings, to Jan. 8. The French operations northwest of-Kairouaii, a German held communications center southwest or the port of. Sousse. were the only offensive actions along the Tunisian front. Even this action was not touched upon in an allied force communique. "There is no change in the ground situation," it said. "Air activity was light. Our fighters shot down one enemy fighter without loss. "Last night two enemy bombers were destroyed. H is now known that one more enemy bomber was destroyed Jan. 12." ARE INDICTED ON FRAUD CHARGES Another Branch of Anaconda Is Involved WASHINGTON, f/I'i _ Alornc-i General Eicidlc announced Thursday t h a t n federal grand jury a; Providence. R. 1., had indicted th; Anaconda Wire and Cable company of Pawtiickct, n. I., and f j v individuals on cluirycs of conspiring to defraud the govcriiinen and present false claims in connection with wire and cable produced for tlie United States anc British armies. The indictment, made public by the justice department, allegec that defective and untested and cable had been .shipped to tl f i g h t i n g forces as a result of deliberate policy of evasion of ii spcetioii. A similar diarge was placed Dec. 21 by a federal grand jury at Fort Wayne, ind.. asainst the Anaconda Wire and Cable company of Marion. Ind. Both companies arc in a group of eight plants controlled by Anaconda Copper Mining company. The government charged th a I "the conspiracy resulted in the production and delivery to the British war ministry and the United Slates army signal corps of inferior and defective wire and cable which was intended to be used for military purposes.'' Experiments Conducted in Cabin Camp Where 2 Were Found Dead IOWA CITY. (IP,--What Coroner Frank L. Love called "several experiment" w e r e conducted Thursday with :i gas burner .it the cabin camp where a graduate nurse and a University of lown medical senior were found dead Monday afternoon. Dr. Love said the small gas stove found bui-ninn in the couple's cabin would be re-lighted in an effort to establish approximate temperature and oxycn conditions within the 10 by^li foot room where the two blistered bodies were found Monday Meantime Dean Emeritus WiU bur J. Teeters of the college of pharmacy said it may be "two or three days" before he is ready to report findings of a toxicology examination he is making in connection with the case. Sees No Necessity for Additional Taxation for Next Biennium DES MOINES, (fl--Bourke B. Hickenlooper, republican 4G year old Cedar Rapids attorney, became the 29th governor of Iowa Thursday and in his inaugural address called for a "substantial reduction" ot the state income tax lor 1U-J2 and 1943. As the retiring governor, George A. Wilson, had recommended in a message to the legislature Tuesday, Hickenlooper also said he saw "no present necessitj- for any additional taxation for the comiiif bicimium." * * V. Hickenlooper, first, veteran of World, war 1 to become the state's chief executive. observed "a growing national tendency toward bureaucracy by which government is conducted under orders am! regulations, promulgated by appointed officials, rather than by clearly defined statutes," and added: . "I do not refer to the emergency powers of war, but to tlie Browing, peace time tendency that is continuing with' respect tcrrioh- war controls." ' ; "Not since the second administration of Governor KirJcivood-- in civil war days--has an Iowa administration begun and a legislature convened, with our country at war," he told the general assembly. The cintii of office was administered lo the new governor by Chief Justice T. G. Garfield of the state supreme court before a joint, session of the house and senate in the house of representatives cliamlicr. Robert D. Blue, 44, of Eagle Grove, was sworn in as the nc\v lieutenant governor at the same ceremony. The guard of honor for the occasion was composed of members of Uanford Past No. 5 of the American Legion at Cedar Rapids, of which Governor Hickenlooper is a member. The Kcv. Robert Little of the First Presbyterian, church. Cedar Rapids, gave the invocation. Spectators, including a large delegation from the new governor's home city, crowded the galleries in the house chamber and overflowed into the capitol corridors. Hickenlooper urged that there be no tinkering- with the machinery of government while thousands of men arc absent [rom Ilia slate in the armed forces. .*£ j£ .-£ "With over 100,000 of our men now in sci"x T icc--and before this emergency ends, if we raise an army of 8.000,000 to iO.OOO.noo. then no doubt over 200,000 Inwans will be in service--it would be unfair to experiment with or substantially alter functions of government in tlicir absence," Hickenlooper declared. "Our citizens in the armed forces have earned their right to every consideration we can give. They have a right to voice their opinions on important issues and to participate in i m p o r t a n t changes when they return. Tlicir numbers may constitute nearly one tenth of our population. Their interests and their right to full participation are in our charge and we must be faithlul lo that trust." Tlie new governor's recommendations to the legislature, in addition to reduction of the income lax, included increased appropriations lo state board of control institutions to offset the higher cost of food and supplies, and con- sidcrnlion of the question of increased salaries for state employes in the lawer salaried brackets. He nrged that unused appropriations for new buildings remaining from the cnrrent biennium because of the wartime ban on construction should be invested in public securities as a trust "in order to make them available, at the end of the emergency, for the purposes for which they were appropriated." He suggested that the legislature give "careful attention" to the

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