The Mason City Globe-Gazette from Mason City, Iowa on March 15, 1937 · Page 3
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March 15, 1937

The Mason City Globe-Gazette from Mason City, Iowa · Page 3

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Mason City, Iowa
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Monday, March 15, 1937
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.MASON-CITY GLOBE-GAZETTE, MARCH 15 ·1937 THREE Mrs. Boaacti Funeral Will Be Tuesday in Church in Spillville SPIIJjVILLE--Funeral services for Mrs. John Bohaeh will be held at the St. Wenceslaus church Tuesday morning at 10 o'clock. The Rev. J. P. Broz and the Rev. V. J. Hlubek will officiate. Mary Shindelar was born at Spillville in 1867 and died at the Cresco hospital late Saturday evening after failing in health for some time. In 1887 she was married to John Bohach. Five children were born, John Jr., of Cresco, Joseph and Will of near Spillville, Mrs. Helen Balik, Protivin and Mary at home. She leaves two sisters, Mrs. Stella Kacher of Cresco, Mrs. Anna Hula of North Dakota and two brothers, Mike Sr., and Jam?s o£ Spillville. Charles City News U. S. N. Unit Formed by Charles Cityans CHARLES CITY--Organization of a unit of the United States Naval Reserve, the sixth one to be formed in Iowa, was completed in Charles City. Lieut. Charles H. Morgan, Newton, U. S. N. R,, in command oE the Iowa Naval Reserve, Lieut W. K. Hicks, Sioux City, in charge of physical examinations and Lewis F. Langhurst, Cedar Rapids, passed on the candidates and perfected the organization. J. P. Henry is in command of the new unit and the men who met the requirements for admission were John Bernard, James ' Martin, Ed Martin, Claremonl Fritsche, Vernon Krumrey, Frederick Stock, Wilbur Wintermk, Jerome McClain, Thomas Taylor, Arnold Kowalsky, Maiilcy Coover, Max Schufelt, Earl LaBounty, Harry Bird, Gilbert Robert Wright, Sidney J. Carroll, Jesse Lynch, Oke Behmar, Lyle Keiser, Paul Staebler and Martin Curtis. The unit will assemble one night each week for drills. New uniforms and equipment will reach here in about 90 days. Membership in the unit carries with it a two weeks' cruise in summer on active duty. EXPLORING THE HISTORY OF IOWA By JOHN ELY BRIGGS UNIT FIVE INDUSTRIES This is the twenty-ninth story in this series of explorations into the history of Iowa. Another industry will be described in this paper next week. Leaders for Charles City Scouts Chosen CHARLES CITY--Leaders and commftteemen for the Charles City council of Boy Scouts have been announced as follows: · Troop CO, Max Butterfield, scoutmaster; Robert Monroe, assistant; Dr. A. L. Miller, Carlisle Ellis, Carl Nelson, H. D. Floyd, P. A. Lampman. Troop 71, Russell Nies, scoutmaster; Mr. Hawk, assistant; Dr. L. J3,. . VonBerg, Charles Laun, George Veigel, H. "W. Grossman. · · Troop 72, John Mitchell, scoutmaster; S. A. Noah, M. T. Young, J. M. Egerdahl, C. M. Maurer, H. C. Hansen. Sea Scout Ship 366, H. R. McMains, skipper; Max Butterfield, mate; Envin Larson, Alton Sanders, Dr. H. A. Tolliver, Dr. J. F. Tilden. Cub Pack 31, R. R. Mains, cubmasler; Jens Grothe, Dr. R. H. Koenig, Lee Fenholt. Herman Hansen is east district chairman. 3. Washing Machines. The pioneers worked hard. There was much to do, and the days were all too short. The men were up at dawn and in the field as soon as the chores were done. Plowing, planting, reaping, t h e y toiled through the warmer seasons, and during the winter cleared new land, chopped wood, split rails and took care of the livestock. While the men were busy out of doors, the women did uncounted tasks about the house. They cooked three hearty meals a day, made the beds and swept the floor. In the morning there was cream to churn and scrubbing to do; in the afternoon there was wool to spin, cloth to weave and clothes to make. Women's work was never finished. Each day was set apart lor a special duty. Some women baked on Friday and cleaned on Saturday, while others reversed that order. But almost all washed on Monday, ironed on Tuesday, and mended on Wednesday. That was the law of good housekeeping. Any matron who failed to observe the custom was regarded with suspicion if not contempt. Even In bad weather they washed on Monday. Neighbors vied with each other in. filling the clothes-lina first. In the early days the washing was done by hand. If the housekeeper did not have a tub, she probably washed the clothes in the brook and rubbed them clean on a flat stone, just as women have done from ancient times till now. But most of the pioneers broughl tubs or made them. Washboards were made of hard wood with ridges chiseled on the surface. With vigorous rubbing and plenty of soft soap the sheets came out white as snow. But it was a backbreaking task that usually lasted till noon. The men folks often had a cold dinner on Monday. While John Deere and Cyrus McCormick and many others were rapidly improving farm implements, the invention uf labor saving devices for the household progressed 'slowly. Spinning wheeJs had not been greatly changed in centuries. Hand-looms were sim- This is the way washing machines are made in cue ot the biff Iowa factories. pie and rather clumsy. Stone jars with a wooden plunger in the lid were used for churns. Sewing machines were manufactured, but few pioneer women in Iowa could afford one. And apparently nobody thought of contriving a washing machine to ease the worst drudgery of housekeeping. At the state fair in 18C7, two washing machines were exhibited. '.'Doty's Clothes-Washer" and a "Universal Clothes-Wringer" were manufactured in Connecticut and sold by W. L. Winter o£ Marion, Iowa. "Richardson's Little Washer" was a sort of wringer set in a tub. Apparently the garments were washed by squeezing them between corrugated rollers. The Doty washer had a rocking frame of slats suspended in a tub. By moving a handle up and down the clothes were rubbed in the sudsy hot-' water. Three thousand Doty machines were sold in Iowa in 18G7. Perhaps other Wnds not shown at the fair were in use, but they must have been very simple washers. Wringing the water by hand out of a big washing was as hard as rubbing the clothes. To get a heavy garment dry enough to hang out on the line required considerable strength, and the . twisting sometimes damaged the cloth. No wonder the "Universal" wringei was popular. The geared rubber rollers ill a frame that could be clamped on a tub were easily turned by a crank. Bed blankets camj through much drier and fim dresses were not injured. Th' women o£ Iowa bought 18,80 "Universal" wringers in a single year. One day a wood carver in Dav enport, watching his mother bend ing over a steaming tub, decidei he would make a washing machini for her. He went to his shop ant built a tub on legs to save bac bending. In the tub he hung curved frame of slats that couli be rocked back and forth over th clothes. The next Monday hi mother used the machine. Who: she finished her washing long be fore noon, she thought the kitcher clock had stopped. The neighbor were astonished to see her clothes line full so early. "I did it wifl the washing machine my son made," she told them proudly. The news spread. Other women ·anted machines. Presently Wilam H. Voss was spending most f his time making washers. In 877 he opened a little factory, iis machine sold for $10. In a ew years a larger factory was iccessary. He fortrfed'a partner- hip with bis two brothers in 1882. he business continued to grow. The washer was constantly im- iroved. In 1901 the "Ocean Wave" ype was patented. A few years ater the manufacture o£ power machines was be'gun. The Vos's ompany is now among the most mportant of its kind. The washing machine industry segan to grow rapidly about 1900 Vomen who did the family laundry work saw the advantage of ising a machine. Salesmen discovered that farmers' wives were easily persuaded to quit using a -ubbing board. Manufacturers o" lousehold equipment and smal mplements added washing machines to their list of products. In 1898 the Hawkeye incubatoi company iu Newton decided to make a few washing machines Fred H. Bergman hired Ben Mc- :uen to build the machines am peddle them in the country Though these "ratchet slat" washers were not very successful, Berg man believed that the business hac a good future. In 1905 a new com pany was .formed to manufactun the "One Minute Washer." Mon than 9,000 machines were sold In the first year, and in 1910 produc tion reached a peak of 48,000. Meanwhile hand power ma chines were going out of fashion Women wanted washers run b electricity. New models were de signed for motors and gasoline en gines. With them came improve merits in construction. The origiut dolly type was followed by v; cuum, cylinder, oscillator and ag: tator models. The tubs wet- changed from wood to zinc, the to copper, and now to porcelai enamel in attractive colors. Moi than 12,000,000 One Minute Wash ers have been sold. About the same time F. H. Berg man was founding the industi'y i Newton, a washing machine fac tory was started in Fail-field. Th Dexter company prospered. Im provements were made to kee pace with modern needs. All type of washing machines were man 1 .: faclured. The plant occupied 2 cres. Recently it was sold to the elvinator company. At Grinnell the Thompson man- facturing company began making ashing machines about 1898. ater this- company was reorgan- zed as the Grinnell Washing Ma- n'ne company, which became a ioneer in making electric wash- rs. Even the wringer was run by 10 motor. Production increased rom five or ten machines in the eginning to a peak of 115 a day i 1931. Due to the influence and success if Bergman and the One Minute ompany, two other washing ma- hine factories were started in Newton. F. L. Maytag, who had jeen manufacturing corn huskers ,nd self-feeders for threshing ma- hines, began making a power vasher with a swinging wringer about 1907. In a few years the vashing machine crowded i elf-feeders and corn huskers oui of the factory. National advertis- ng increased sales. Presently the llaylag became the leader in its ield. The factory was enlargec and a big aluminum foundry was uilt. Two.thousand machines can 3e made in a day. During the same year the May- ,ag began making washing machines, O. B. Woodrow, John Nelson and H. L. Ogg started to produce in Newton an electric washes which they called the Automatic :t was a pioneer. Other manufac ;urers soon followed the new trail In a few years hand washers became curiosities where eleclricit; was available. Then came the all metal machine that sold for les than $100. The Automatic com pany occupies nine buildings wher 150.000 machines a year can b built. O. B. Woodrow withdres from the Automatic 'company arv started a factory of his own i: Pella. Recently the Woodrow com pany moved to Oskaloosa. Fre H. Bergman's sons are members o the firm. The One Minute, Automatic an Maytag factories have made New ton tlie washing machine centc of the world. The three factorie occupy three corners of a sing street intersection in the north west part of the cil.y. If all th washers made in the United State were put in a ro\v, one out o every three would come froi Newton, and nearly every sccon machine would be an Iowa proc uct. The industry has grown rapidly In 1929 it was the fourth large in the state. While the Newto factories lead in production, th others also are important. In ac dilion to the companies mentione the Brammer at Davenport an the National Metal Products : Waterloo, which makes the "\Va ·malic" m a c h i n e , contribute uch to Iowa's leadership. · Activity Hints. 1. Make a list of the kinds of ashing machines in your neigh- orhood. How many are made In iwa? 2. Suppose your mother wants i buy a washing machine. Find out all you can about several Iowa machines and help her decide upon one. 3. Visit an Iowa washing machine factory. 4. Do a washing In the 'old- fashioned way. Next Week: "Pearl Buttons." Special SALE SHORT TIME ONLY ON 1937 RADIO FLOOR SAMPLES! GENERAL ELECTRIC THIS CONSOLE Radio $·' And Your Old Radio Those General Electric Radios Are AH New 1937 Models! Buy Now! Save! The G-E MODEL E-105 Focused Tone Radio, Regularly Priced at $107.50 . . . Now at Only Plus Your Old Radio! JUST THINK! 10 All-Metal Tubes, Horizontal Tuning Bar, Three Wave Bands, Perfect Reception Guaranteed -- All at This Low Price. NOTE. . . Special Prices Now Prevail on All Our G-E Radio Floor Samples! These Radios Are Fully Guaranteed! TERMS . . . You Don't Need All Cash to Buy One of These G-E Radios . . . Use Our Liberal Time Payment Plan! Phone 17 for Evening Appointment Van Ness Co Future Farmers Meet. CHARLES CITY -- Saturday a get-together meeting oE the Wav- eriy, New Hampton, Cresco, Osage and 'Charles City Chapters of the Future Farmers was held here. The program of events included a (our of the Oliver plant, swimming pool in the Y. M. C. A., basketball and other sporls. Paul Auringer, vocational agricultural instructor, was chairman of the meeting. Charles City Briefs CHARLES CITY--Mr. and Mrs. Harlan Ellis who returned from their wedding trip Saturday were guests of honor at a tea Sunday afternoon at the home of Mr. and Mrs. Melvin W. Ellis, parents of the bridegroom. Mrs. W. B. Johnson and Mrs. J. B. Miner, Sr., presided at the tea table and Mrs. E. L. Walleser assisted in the dining room. Mr. and Mrs. George Whitcomb and Mr. and Mrs. Johnson ot Northwood were out of town guests. Mr. and Mrs. Harlan Ellis will leave tonight for Hartford, Conn., where Mr. Ellis is employed. The ninth grade girls entertained their mothers at a musical tea in the music room of the high school Friday evening. A program under the direction of Miss Lottie Craig, music instructor, was presented. Mr. and Mrs. Malcolm Boyd Dana arrived Sunday night from Princeton, N. J., to visit his mother, Mrs. Ida Dana, and attend' to some business matters. ^ Full military honors were accorded Jay Patterson, World war veteran, by Marshall Shannon post, American Legion, at the funeral services Sunday afternoon at the Grossman funeral home and later at the grave in Riverside cemetery. The Rev. C. G. Prottengeier officiated. Harold Freeland gave a cash bond of $3,000 Saturday and was released from jail on a statutory charge brought by his daughter. William Schaper suffered a severe stroke while on business in the vicinity of Osage and was taken to the hospital there. Leo Schula and Earl VanRees attended a music conference at Cedar Falls Sunday. Dr. W. H. Seymour returned from Denver, Colo., where he has been the last five weeks recovering from the flu. He also took some postgraduate work. Mr. and 'Mrs. C. H. Pnrr received word of the birth of a son to Mr. and Mrs. Maurice Jensen at Castann. Mrs. Jensen was Cliar- Wtte Parr, , , ,full measure of everything you want in a cigarette. At eveiy stage . . . from tobacco farm to shipping room . . . Chesterfield's job is to give you the refreshing mildness and delightful flavor that makes smoking a great pleasure. Experienced buyers see that Chesterfield tobaccos are MILD and RIPE... careful manufacturers see that they are blended to the exact Chesterfield formula. And they see that the cigarettes are made right. . . round, firm, just right to smoke. . . . for the full measure of the good things you ivant in a cigarette ive invite you to enjoy Chesterfields. CopyriRhe 1937, LIGGETT i^Ivtr.s TOBACCO Co. =;;:^;//::'.i^

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