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E D I TO R I A L S-Wos Ardennes Push a Nazi Surprise or Mousetrap Strategy? AMERICAN war correspondents .rv. o n that part of the front Â· cracked by the German breakthrough shortly before Christmas are not wholly in agreement as to the surprise nature of the attack. Associated Press Correspondent Henry B. Jameson told a luncheon group in Topeka, Kans., that the U. S. high command "has long been trying to Induce the German army into break-through tactics such as #re now in progress." He predicted that ;Gen". Eisenhower's counter-move would place an entirely new face on the situation within 10 days. THIS observation is strikingly at * variance with the reports which . , came .from the front by another A. -P. correspondent, -Wes Gallagher, who charged the high command with carelessness in its defensive measures; and the army intelligence .-with failure to detect the great concentration of enemy strength. Pierre Huss, ace I.N.S. war correspondent, supports Jameson in . his theory that the allied generals planned a'mousetrap as that play is knoVra on the football field. He reports talks' with several German prisoners c a p t u r e d ,a .week before the drive, who told him that Hitler had gone up and down the line Â· telling the troops to hold until Dec. 16 when they ' would hit the allies so hard it would send them hack on their heels. ; Â· . DELATING that all the corre- ** spondents knew that the point where' the Germans hit was the Â· weakest in the lin%, he adds: "There was a- suspicion in the minds of many of them, however, that it was disguised to be a vulnerable spot as an inducement .to the Germans to get out from behind the Siegfried line where we would get a clean crack at them." He quoted Gen. Bradley as saying on the day after the attack began: "This may be a. blessing in disguise." \ MERICAN losses in men and Â·*"V material were so heavy before the Germans were finally.'stopped that only such counterblows,' as will' destroy the invading force will give -support to the theories of Jameson and Huss; It will be doubted that the allied command had expected the enemy to display the force which marked the .attack. Unquestionably the weather which grounded American observation planes during the critical days when the Germans were grouping for this supreme assault contributed greatly to the initial success of the drive. TT is no military secret, however, *Â· that Gen. Eisenhower preferred to meet the Germans in a climactic assault on the west side of the Khine. To achieve that end or to mousetrap Gen. ,'v'on Rundstedt's panzer divisions, it was necessary to invite attack at a soft spot, from which they could spill over into an area, lacking important military .value and. in which they could be contained, until counterattacks were organized and waged with such effectiveness as to largely destroy this vital arm of the enemy. The next month may tell which explanation 'oÂ£ the break-through- is the more nearly correct. Be On Guard! propagandists enjoyed a Â·* * brief success with their recent Jake BBC broadcast, critical of Britain's American allies under Field Marshal Montgomery, and a lot of Americans, including some newspaper edjtorialwriters, looked silly as a, result of their Â· acceptance. of it as genuine and their quicfc comments upon it. The trick of broadcasting a purported BBC London news report from Germany, with information deliberately calculated to turn American listeners against the British, really was nothing new. Nor was the reaction among those newspapers which all too quickly accepted it as an authentic BBC report. , The average citizen, unless he or she is exceedingly careful, every day is repeating and giving ever-widening circulation to jusl as carefully prepared and just as t r u l y nazi-inspired propaganda designed to drive a wedge of des- sension between allied nations. Stories which some uniclentified "somebody 1 always is ready,, bu never can be found, to authenti cate are retold and passed on b many loyal citizens without much thought to their origin. -Sober consideration of their source, however, should convince any intelligent person t h a t they are as surely nazi-inspired as was the fake broadcast which causet so much confusion, consternation and criticism. War Sacrifice "pOME on, you racing fans; send 'Â·' a postal card to your congressman. . . . Why do we have to sacrifice our recreation, along with everything else that we are giving to the war?" Those are excerpts from a letter to the editor of a New York newspaper anent the govemmen order closing race tracks. Rotterdam, Warsaw, Lublin, Li- Â· dice and Stalingrad papers, please copy! PLANS FOR THE FUTURE Look Out Below Califomians are the next thing to unanimous in their belief that there isn't such a thing as a good Japanese-American. * * * . 'Fact factory". isn't a. bad synonym for what, we usually call a public library. * * * At going salaries in the war industries, it shouldn't be too much sacrifice to stay on the job. Your Health 3y Logan Clendening, M. D. RECONDITIONING T HE sick or wounded service man of the United States is given the best opportunities to ma.ke a complete rehabilitation before being returned to duty or, as is happening more and more frequently, LO civil life. Over 100,000 men are participating in reconditioning in the army hospitals alone. The Reconditioning Program is divided into 4 main phases: Physical, educational, occupational and recreational. The physical part of the pro;ram does- not stop at the use of nedical and surgical methods of reatment. If the man is confined o bed but is physically sound iii most ways, as would be the case vith one in a cast or treated for a eg or arm wound,' bed exercises are.begun as soon-as possible, de- iigned to keep him in good muscu- ar tone. ' As the man's strength' increases, irid he gets out of bed, these exer- :ises are increased gradually in requency and amount, and sup- Â· Jlemented whenever possible by ;ames and sports. Of course, the use of massage and passive exer- ises are begun at the earliest pos- Â·ible moment At the same time recreation, deigned to keep the mind from jrooding on homesickness and how ong the war is going to last, is in- ensivefy .stressed. It is unnecessary to dwell on this very much or the magazines are full of pic- ures of camp shows and ping pong g a m e s , etc., wherever American forces are stationed. But he value of them cannot be overemphasized. I rather wish some or- janizatipn would start them for be civilian population. But the value of these is, to my mind, really less important than lie educational and occupational features of reconditioning. The educational program is primarily designed to effect orientation-to personal problems. If you really want to know what a soldier or sailor worries about, leave your home and family -and go down in the forests of Missouri or Arkansas, tear up your railroad ticket and stay there 6 or 8 months You will wonder about plenty of things. These people have left life be- fiind them when they were pretty young, in the middle of their in- completed education. It would increase the tragedy of this war a billion times if- we brought back men and women and sent them into life with their basic education only half over. Occupational reconditioning is even more important. Most of us have to work- with our hands. Most of us indeed are not fitted for any other kind of work. And we cannot leave it to haphazard chance to find a suitable occupation after the service man has been returned to civil surroundings after all that period of his life when he would be learning a skilled trade is over. Firing a machine gun or locating mines are not professions that are going to do him much good in the United States in 3350, and even the possibilities of navigation and aviation are limited. The returning; service man must be ready to exercise the skills of the machinist and the artisan that will be useful in a new world. So mere medical and surgical skill are not enough for our program of the reconstruction and reconditioning of the men and women who have done our battling. Even with all the programs I have mentioned it will be a tough row they have to hoe and tough on those of us who have stayed at home too. We must face it in the traditional American spirit of resourcefulness and commonsense, QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS M. D. N.:--Is the X-ray a sure test of tuberculosis of the lungs? A.: It is. the surest test we have. Pros and Cons Interesting, Viewpoints From Our Exchanges The Conservation Order Sioux City Journal: Before much more tirrie passes the whole country will be conscious of the fact that "a war is on." At last the American people are to be made aware of the nation's material needs in prosecuting the war cause until victory is won. The conservation policy, backed by, official orders to restrict coal consumption and travel privileges, is the most sweeping yet formulated. And, lest some persons fail to get the point of the whole thing and undertake to ignore it, Uncle Sam means just what he.says through War Mo- bilizer Byrnes, the war production board, the office of price administration, the office of defense transportation and other federal agencies, and the result will be a tightening up in many directions to conserve materials needed for war. Blue For Economy Boone News-Republican: What naturally struck lowans first about G o v e r n o r Blue's inauguration speech was his statement that "no new or additional taxes should be levied during this emergency." In other words, our new governor sees no need for increasing the tax burden of Iowa citizens at this time. With federal taxes eating such a hole in family budgets there are few who disagree with Governor Blue. Spiritual Victory . Council Bluffs Nonpareil: This war is first, last and always a conflict of the spirit. Our victory on the battlefield will be in vain unless we are victorious in the spiritual field. Military defeat can break the physical power of our enemies but it will be only temporary unless we can find some way to change their hearts. No King's X in War Marshalltown Times - Republican: War is no respecter of persons nor buildings. In England 4,800 churches have been damaged and 2,800 destroyed completely. Not a single 1 of the churches in London designed by Sir Christopher Wren has escaped damage. Did You Know? By The Hoskin Service EDITOR'S N O T E--Readers availing themselves ot tbi* service for question* of fact--not counsel--should sign their lull name and address, and Inclose 3 Â· c e n t s for return postage. Addresi GJobe-Gszette Inrorraatfa B u r e a u , \Vaihlu,lou, D. C. How many nations were there in the world when the war began? .There were 207 governmental units, of which 66 were self-governing and either infleyendeht or parts of the. British Commonwealth. Has a defeated presidential candidate ever been elected at a later dale? Cleveland ran for president 3 times, 'always won a popular plurality and was twice' elected. Both John Quincy .Adams and Benjamin Harrison were renomi- nated but not re-elected. How much milkweed floss must there be in a life jacket in 'order to support a man? A life jacket with 2 to 3 pounds of floss will hold up a man in water for about 10 hours. What city in the United States has the most air traffic? Miami, Fla. Is there any difference between the, blood of Negroes and white persons? , There is no evidence that the blood of Negroes differs in any significant respect from that' of white persons. Â·When was the first cotton planted in Georgia? ,In 1757 from seed brought from the Bahama Islands. . Has the Caterpillar club been organized on a permanent foot- This club, composed of fliers who owe their lives to emergency jumps from disabled aircraft, was organized as. a permanent, active body April 6, 1943. Where do most of our Christmas trees come from? - About half come from the Pacific northwest--Montam. Idaho, Washington, ' and ' Oregon. The Lake States, New England, and Canada furnish most of .the others. Under what conditions is the allotment of a. serviceman to his wife stopped? Some of the conditions which would cause termination of a family allowance to the dependent's of a serviceman are as follows: The soldier's conviction of desertion; appointment of the soldier to a commissioned rank; the . soldier's death in, of discharge from the service; death of a beneficiary; remarriage ot a former wife divorced to whom alimony has been payable, voiding the court order under which alimony has been decreed. Day OBSERVING Getting Ready for Post-Wor don't know h o w m a n y"other American communities will w i s h to follow suit but San Bernadino, Cal., has adopted an 'honest -to -goodness program for financing its $1,157,000 postwar public works plans. Its fund raising program, which embraces a one per cent city sales tax and an admissions tax of 3 cents, was put into effect on Jan. 1, following approval by the voters at an election held Dec. .7, Pearl Harbor day. Here's the program in outline: 1. A one per cent city sales tax, to be levied under the general rules and regulations of the state sales tax during 1945 and expected to produce some $400,000 this year. 2. An amusement tax (charter amendment) generally based at 3 cents per admission for all the. aters, motion picture houses, baseball and football games, boxing or wrestling matches, circuses and rodeos, public dances, ice or roller skating rinks and ^museums and store shows. Expected to raise around $100,000 annually, the tax will function as a charter amendment until rescinded. ' 3. A comprehensive upward revision of the business license tax ordinance, expected to raise approximately $200,000 this year. 4. The business license for all shows, exhibitions and games is increased 100 per ' cent for the calendar year 1945; half of the Editorial of SPANISH COJIPLICATIONS T}TJBliQUE TELEGRAPH-HER- Â·*Â·Â·* ALD: Leaders of the project to form a Spanish government in exile predict that it will soon be recognized by Mexico and other states openly anti-Franco. If it should be recognized also by the soviet government, the American and British governments would be on the spot. The political unity of the allies has already been weakened--and the nazis encouraged--by the soviet recognition of the Polish provisional government set up at Lublin, while the united States and Great Britain continue to recognize the Polish government in London. President Roosevelt said in his annual message last Saturday: "We must be on our guard not to exploit and exaggerate the differences between us . I should not be frank if I did not admit concern about many problems, the Greek and Polish, for example. . . . We have obligations, not necessarily legal, to the exiled governments." It would not be unnatural for btalin to recognize any Spanish government in exile which had the support of the Spanish communists. In the 1936-39 civil war in Spain, Russia directly aided the Spanish government while, nazi Germany and fascist Italy directly aided the rebellion led by General Franco. Franco, after winning out, suppressed the Spanish communists, and has been bitter in denouncing Stalin and the soviet union. He signed t h e German - Japanese - Italian anti-Comintern pact, and gave his blessing to the Spanish Blue division which fought alongside nazi divisions in Russia. Former members of the Spanish Cortes are gathering in Mexico City to organize what they call the Spanish Government in exile. They represent a left-wing bloc of the pre-Franco Cortes, but claim that they are not communists. The movement threatens to toss another serious problem, like that in Poland and Greece, into the allied camp, to stir up controversy even before the allies deal the final blow at the Germans. "CHILDREN ARE. TO BE SEEN, NOT TO BE HURT" CERRO GORDO COUNTY SAFETY COUNCIL money so raised will go into the city general fund and half to the postwar improvement fund. Prior to the adoption of the financing program by the city council it;was given wide newspaper publicity. The informational program was so successful, apparently, that not a single Protestant appeared before the council in opposition when the 3 ordinances were adopted. _V-- ' This Doesn't Moke Sense consider it significant that , the ratio of nurses in military hospitals in this country fs.'l to every 22 patients; overseas it's,l nurse to every 12 patients. Against this is the fact that in many of Americans civilian hospitals, the nursing staff today is 1 to 3, 5 or 8 patients. In that contrast is a real challenge. Practically every American family has an immediate relative in the armed forces. It takes good nursing to bring about recovery of those wounded in battle. The American Red. Cross has sent an appeal to every chapter for an immediate effort to obtain 10,000 additional nurses heeded by the- armed forces. Rapidly mounting casualties demand a maximum of medical "and nursing care. The Journal of the American Medical association says 11- hospital units are about to go'over- seas without any nurses--a condi-, fion unprecedented in the history of our country. Â· Â· - t Â· Â· Â· ,' -v -Crooning for a Home. , would say that Idaho's Â· new "singing cowboy" senator, Glen Taylor, had carried out the admonition contained in that popular song, "Sing For Your Supper." In fact he's carried it a step or two further. The Idaho senator resorted to his No.sl accomplishment to get a home for himself and family--not just a supper and breakfast as in the song lyrics. With his wife and children around him--and the ubiquitous news photographers on hand, Taylor crooned: "O give us a home hear the capitoL dome ..." He got results. "Twenty-five or thirty" offers for lodgings answered his lilting pleas, the same voice that had won him his senate seat back in the far west. Perhaps this is the beginning of a new era for the "greatest delib- e^ative body in the world." Instead of oratory will there be crooned speeches--a diversion at least from some of the more -orthodox styles. The Day's @(|V!)' Bouquet swifel I To LARRY HEEB, local, public recreation director, whose departr ment is sponsoring ice-skating on' lighted and supervised rinks at East and West parks for Mason Cityans of all ages and degrees of skill. Instruction by expert skaters also-is.being offered to interested' persons at both rinkjs. The public recreation department, still less than a year old, promises to exert an increasingly good influence on organized recreation for all citizens, in all 'seasons. Mason City Globe-Gazette An A. W. LEE NEWSPAPER Issued Evsft- Week Day by Oie GI.OBE-GAZETTE PUBLISHING CO. Â· 121-123 East Slate Street Telephone 3800 Wednesday, Jan.' 17, 1945 Entered as second-class matter April 17, 1930, at the postolflce at Mason City, Iowa, under the act of March 3 1879 MEMBER ASSOCIATED PRESS. The Associated Press is exclusively -entitled to the use for repubUcatlon of all news dispatches credited to It or not otherwise credited In thts paper and also tho local news published herein. . - : SUBSCRIPTION RATES Huon City and Clear Lake by year, ?lu asan City and Clear Lake by week, 20c Outside 100 Mile Zone--Per year $10; 6 months $5.50; 3 months S3; 1 month SI. . Outside MUCH City and Clear Lake Knd Within 100 Miles of Mason City aufl Oot- slde of the Carrier Districts ot aiason City and Clear Lake: Per year by carrier ..-...-... S10.CO Per week by carrier ............... .20 Per year by mall 5 7.00 By mail 6 months S 3.75 By mall 3 months $ 2.00 By mail 1 month S Â· .70 REMEMBER? FORTY'YEARS AGO There was a good deal of interest stirring-. Saturday at the Milwaukee shops over the presence of a young Japanese by name of Kori. This son of the Mikado is a mechanical engineer and has been sent to America to study-American railroads and methods of handling them by his government. Madam Marguerite Gibson would like a young lady to learn the trade of manicuring, chiropodist, face massage, shampooing and scalp treatment. Call at rooms 1-2 Elks Building. --Ad. THIRTY YEARS AGO Mason City gets a baseball franchise as a present from the Central association, according to the report made by the men who went from here to Waterloo Wednesday. The Galesburg franchise, claimed by New Egan, was declared forfeited and was voted to Mason City immediately after. Thus Mason City will not get any of the former Galesburg players unless it desires to hire them Sixteen were present from Mason City, they being Ralph Law, Tod Ransom, L. W. Sceliars, Sam Foster, James E. Williams, John Sundell, Dr. Morton, Claude Quinby, J. E. Igou, Norman Clarke, Carl Franko, Bert Farrer, Sam Schneider, Charles Harding, Charles Brady and H. A. Smith. TWENTY YEARS AGO. With a large number of his Hancock county neighbors as witnesses, John Hammill of Britt was installed Thursday afternoon as governor of .Iowa. Warsaw--The tension between Poland and the free state of Danzig has been intensified by a decision of the Polish cabinet approving the attitude' of the Polish commissioner in demanding that the Danzig senate apologize for interfering with Polish mail boxes there. TEN YEARS AGO With only slightly over $500,000 of the $120,493,259 in loans on 1933-34 farm-stored corn still to be paid, farmers who availed themselves of the Commodity Credit corporation loans have realized a net gain of $82,989,592, over the loan value of their corn and the cost of the loan, it was announced today by the Agricultural Adjustment administration. Â· Japan is finding its Manchuria experiment expensive, -Finance Minister Takahashi has startled the people of that country with a warning against over investment by Japanese in the puppet empire created as a cover for Japan's colonial ambitions in Manchuria.-Editorial. Furrowed Fancies By Ray Murray of Buffalo Center APPROVED APPLICATION The use of a book for training a child Is a method to which all are turning And often a book is a wonderful help, If applied to. the seat of the learning. i ^HOifV COME AU, THOSE MARINES ON THE BEACH? TM HEY/- mete's OUVMHJK SM/W..AND-. AND SURE-THIS is -v.y THE SPOT WHERE SCOBCMVÂ·]'.'. WAS MAEOCNEO, ftVKJOK \1 MISS THS BREEZES' THE ANJP IN THE SUMMER WISH. FOP- THE SNOW A.N' ICE !! sosHi MtJtaas, i UJISH IT WAS Â·SUMMEfl TT-- Â·? IT WASN'T W POCKETBOOk Â£0 ,1UCH. IT WAS TKAT PAY/N TICKET. DID YOU NOTICE? SHE WAS JUST PANICKY TILL SHE YEAH. 1 THEN SHE WENT TO PIECES' CAVED NOW WASN'T RJNNY? JlT LET ME POP IN HEBE FOB/ DONt HURBY.V 6ET HER POCKETBOOK BACK SOME THINGS I NEED AT HOME WE'VE OODLES OF TIME _X^~ \ , JEEMS-DEAR ME, I WA5 FAMISHEP.' NOT A BITE TO EAT SINCE LUK1CH YESTEEWY = EXCEPT A MOUTHFUL OF THAT REMIUD5 ME.VOUR MAJESTY- I MUST TELL YOU WHAT I SAW 'LAST NIGHT' BEFORE I GOT MIXED UP WITH THE DUKE OF DUNK.'^ f AHEAD.' REALLY,.! COULDU'T DAWC MR. HORflCe/ QUIT HOE51VJG AROUND AND TELL ME WHAT YOU SAW/ THISISTHETEUTH PLATTER OF5TE/UC SMOTHERED 1W OATS FOE W!?. HORACE.' IMAGINE HAVING ABIGMCMSSrAI? $r THE WEDDINGS t HOW ISSHETTAKINQ MV MAKeiASETOTHE ALLEN WORKEDW STORE WITH HB3/ HESTOBE MV6ESTM THE. . UTOE6ROUR AWED SILENCE, WTCHESTHE FIERY 5TKW OF DK1IIW6 flMAE.WWCH 16 THE GlOWNS TRACK OF THE SPW1E 5H\P Â· I T MOUNTS EVER UPWARD AND OHWfcD- A 60UJEN STREAK: AGMNST THE 61WERY STARS - - THE MOMENTOUS JOURNEY INTO SPME HAS BEGUM ru no sissy- --nt. SADDLE *!/ O/vV HOUSe! GEE! THKis stfeuf Â·Â·Â·CMOli, GIDDAf? SCOllT.' MSfITT SAiS THE IDEA 15 TO STA* OV THE HOe$Â£!