The Mason City Globe-Gazette from Mason City, Iowa on January 13, 1943 · Page 3
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The Mason City Globe-Gazette from Mason City, Iowa · Page 3

Mason City, Iowa
Issue Date:
Wednesday, January 13, 1943
Page 3
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WEDNESDAY, JANUARY 13, N43 MASON CITY GLOBE-GAZETTE NEWSMEN SEE JAP PRISONERS Most of 27 Scrawny, Underfed Laborers By WILLIAM F. BOM SOMEWHERE IN NEW GUINEA, Jan. 8--(Delayed)--(If)--To the accompaniment ol the constant drone of planes going to attack enemy shipping and troops in Lae harbor, American and Australian correspondents were permitted to view Japanese prisoners of war. But it wasn't a very impressive spectacle. For the most part, the 27 prisoners we saw were scrawny, underfed members of forced labor gangs who had worked in Papua on air strips, gun emplacements, roads and other military installations. The majority ot these obviously were from the lowest strata. There were a few exceptions, such as a five foot Japanese laborer who answered all the interrogators' questions with fair intel ligence and much humility, keeping his hands at the irouser seams in military style and making a formal little bow at the end ot the questioning. Under an Australian provost- marshal, prisoners are given ample tent space behind barbed wire barricades from which they are permitted to leave almost at wil to perform light tasks around the camp. They arc not fit physically now for any harder work. Some arc wearing Australian army G. I. ^(general issue) shoes but most prefer to remain barefoot. They stared at us almost as han as we stared at them. But th roar of planes always drew their eyes skyward in obvious bewilderment that here was where the. had been told the allies had virtually nothing and that their air- force alone had such terrifymj striking power. PICK TELEPHONE OFFICERS PLYMOUTH--At the annua telephone meeting Arthur A. Hoi royd was chosen as president Boyd Hadson retiring presiden and Charles Siner was chosen sec retary and treasurer. All boar members were, re-elected. Th president will call a special meet ing lo choose a lineman and board operator at an early date. MOTHERS HAIL OVERNIGHT COLD MISERY Cold's coughing, nasal congestion, muscle aches in chest . and back relieved by warming, comfort ing. two-way action of Penetro, the salv with the base of old-fashioned mutto suet, which was Grandma's stand-b\ Demand P«netn;25c, doublcsupply 3a War Department Messages Received by amily Over Weekend SHENANDOAH, (/P)--Relatives f Corp. Olin Eugene Cox, 20, told uesday how they went through he scale of emotions during the ·eekend. Three messages were received ·om the war department about im. The first one said he was killed n action in North Africa. The econd was that he was "missing n action." Both of these mcs- ajjes came Saturday. On Sun- ay official word was received lat he was a prisoner of the kalians. Corporal Cox left here a year jo with the national guard. PFC. James R. Haley of Shen- ndoah, who is also reported as n an enemq prison camp, was in lie same commando company. Cox's mother, Mrs. Gilbert Bobbitt, resides in Omaha. Hoover Says Home Fronts Win (or Lose) War; Writes First of Series of Articles EDITOR'S NOTE: Few Americans have as broad a background as Herbert Hoover for writing about the economic, psychological, political and military factors in the powers now at war. As encineer and world traveler, administrator of Belgian relief, then relief administrator for all Europe, as secretary of commerce under Presidents Harding and Coolidge, and finally as president of the United States for four years, he has bad a front-row seat on world affairs. This is (he first in a, series of articles on "The Home Fronts and Global Strategy." U.S.NEGROES SHOW BRAVERY Stand Up Strongest to Jap Bombing in India By WALTER BRIGGS United Press Staff Correspondent U. S. AIR BASE IN NORTHERN NDIA (Delayed) (U.P.)---The men who stood up with the strongest to recent Japanese bombings in this area and fought back with their chins out belong to : unit of Negro WARNS AGAINST AIMS AT UTOPIA Legion Chief Opposes Certain Wallace Goals WASHINGTON, (U.R) _ Roane Waring, the new national commander of the American Legion, was on record as opposing several of the war aims recently expressed by administration spokesmen. He believes that the war effort will be weakened by "vain and premature planning for a new and never to be attained world Utopia," and that the United States is not fighting cither to preserve the British commonwealth of nations or to rc- By HERBERT HOOVER So important is the home front of the enemy in its bearing on our military strategy that by its correct or incorrect appraisal the lives of hundreds of thousands of American boys might be saved or lost. And healthy home fronts in the unitec nations are essential to win the war. The strategy in global war is not solely a military question. In otal war between great nations, the home front is, in many ways, as mportant as the military front.* Wars can be lost or won on the lome front. Germany lost the last war by exhaustion and collapse o£ the home front which weakened her army. France would have collapsed on the home front in t h e third year of that war had it not been for American support to the civilian population. store freedom to the people of Europe. oppressed There h a v e been e x p l o - sions of western civilization HOOVER '.'We ot the American Legion.' he told government military leaders and committee members of the Legion at a meeting here, "are more interested to win pints ol nitroglycerin that go into bombs than in quarts of milk for the rest of the world." That statement was an obvious reference to Vice President Henry A. Wallace's speech last spring in which he said that one of the objectives of this war should be to obtain for everyone in the world the opportunity of drinking a quart of milk a day. Waring insisted that the main emphasis now must be on making war. "Absolute military victory, a dictated peace and never a negotiated peace should be our single resolve in meeting the challenge of the hour," he said. "Our objective is to kill, to destroy, to wipe out the axis government from the face ol the earth." into world wars before but total war was new in 1914. Great nations in total war, in addition to military forces, now pit against each other their total resources, the total emotions, the skill, the sacrifice, the work of every adull civilian. It becomes a contest ot sti-ength, spirit and endurance ot civilians against civilians, as well as between armies and navies Today the only limitation on the size of the military forces is the number of men who can be spared from the two jobs of producing arms and supplies for the military front and keeping the civilian population alive. · if. %. ¥ And total war is not alone combat between armed men. It is also war between armed men and civilians. Since the last total war the improved airplane and submarine have immensely increased the power of attack upon civil populations and their war efforts. The improved submarine through · its intensified sinking of ships increases the power of blockade; the plane works to relieve and intensify it. The improved plane and th JSHPHTM is a famous ABEL tradition ... so here are YOUR SAVINGS regardless of market conditions. LUXURY OFFERING of SUITS... O'COATS... TOPCOATS by HfCKEY-FREEMAN . . . SOCIETY BRAND · ADLER-ROCHESTER · TIMELY and STERLINGWORTH LAST 3 DAYS ... Thursday . . . Friday . . . Saturday YOU RECEIVE APPRECIATION CERTIFICATES ... the end is SATURDAY night at 9:30 P. M. For each $2.50 you spend you get 25c in trade . . . FREE, on ... CHARGE or CASH SALES . . . but not good on account! Good till January 31, 1943. ' CONVENIENT CREDIT Ask our credit dept. to explain our special easy terms. ie day after the second' Japanese aid, heard descriptions ol the ef- iciency and imperturbability of he Negro troops and relayed a message of "great work" to them lirough their officers. Th'e Negro engineers w e r e among the first back to work after he Japanese zero fighters disappeared after strafing the field and illed up the holes in one runway and worked into the night on another runway plugging a huge pit created by a 500 pound bomb. mproved tank have increased the ower ot land offensive and made le blitz possible. On the othei iand, the airplane has immensely ncreased the power of defense gainst invasion by sea. making t practically impregnable if the ea is wide enough or there an anti-based planes enough. Am he radio has increased the powe: )f propaganda. The united nations have nov closed iron rings around the Euro jean and the Asiatic axis. Bu )oth of them still have tremen dous powers of defense through heir powerful armies with in :eripr lines of communication an iheir air and submarine protectioi "roin overseas' invasion. Japan, ] nas, in addition, great naval ' strength. j With the occupation by united ( nations of bases ill North Africa i and the Pacific, with the growth 1 of our naval, air and ground [ strength, the ring around them ! ;rows closer and closer. But for j some time to come the war is obviously a war of aggressive attri- : tion and the creation oE conditions favorable for major combat blows. ! That attrition is just as vital on i the home front as on the military front. And our powers of attrition j and combat are increasing more i rapidly than the axis. This process of wearing 'down the strength of their home fronts ' is not solely a matter of military attrition, through blockade, sinking of ships, or air attacks or even through propaganda. There are implacable internal forces which contribute. Experience both in the last war and in this war shows that aftcr a certain period steady economic degeneration sets in on the home * * # Their conduct and bravery during and after the Japanese attacks won them the personal commendations of Brig, Gen. Clayton Rissell. commander of the tenth air force operating iu the China-Burma-India theater. and Brig. Gen. Caleb V. Haynes of Mount Airy. N*. Car., commander of the India ta.k force. * * * General Bissell telegraphed Maj Donald J. Jarrett, Oakland, Iowa executive officer of the Negro organization: "Reports say the conduct of the colored troops wa: magnificent in their return to dut' and the damage to the airdronv was repaired almost immediate): after the strafing ended. I desire you and your troops to know trw performance of your duty is in lin of the best traditions of the army. General Haynes, arriving her Officers * * reported several instances of exceptional courage. t. Mack B. Anderson, Gayhill, Tex., stood up in the middle of the airfield firing a machine gun while a Japanese zero fighter repeatedly swooped over him. Watchers said :he Japanese tracer shells "looked like they were passing through Anderson's legs." Eventually his gun jammed and Anderson raced across tho field and leaped into a trench where he whipped out a pistol and continued firing. Two others demonstrating similar bravery were Sfils. Clarence T. Jackson, of Washington, D. C., and Elmer Stephens, of Cleveland, Ohio. Officers praised Sgt. Ralph Snell of Dothan, Ala., for the speed with which he rushed a compan of 150 engineers to repair the bomber airfields. ¥ * * I watched Snel! and unconcernedly wielding pick anc shovel a few minutes after the raid, while many of the rest o us were watching for the possible return of the strafers. One Negro o!dier looked up at me and rinned. "Well, this was nothing. Vhen they going to start a real var?" Doubt Natives in Solomons Islands Ever Cannibals WASHINGTON, (U.P.)-- A head -- anyone's head -- was once considered a cherished possession in the Solomon Islands, but today nothing less than a Jap's head will do. According to ethnologists ot the Smithsonian Institution, the Solomons gained a bad reputation as "the cannibal islands." But there is little evidence that the short. hairy Melanesian black men ot the Solomons were ever actual cannibals. They hunted human beings only because a string of human skulls for n young Mela- ncsian warrior added greatly to sonian ethnologists said. Only one island in the group ; s all exception to this--the island ot Malai- ta. Until recently, Malaita has been i recruiting ground for laborers .o work on the nearby Australian sugar plantations. Although these laborers proved to be excellent workmen and learned to speak English readily, they invariably returned to their island homes as disgusted with the ways of civilization ns ever. his prestige among folk. the women- Few people on earth are as unfamiliar as the inhabitants of the Solomon Islands. Although occasional traders and missionaries have visited the archipelago during the past I O C years, only recently have ethnologists gone into the dangerous interior of the islands and made personal contact with the natives Natives of the Solomon Islands are, on the whole, comparatively friendly to white men, the Smith- SLACKS ARE SANCTIONED GLEN ROCK, N. J., flJ.PJ--It's an ill wind, etc.. the girls at the Glen Rock high school say. They always wanted to wear slacks to classes but the authorities said no. Now, with the girls walking to school because oC the gasoline ban the rule has been suspended on the ground that the slacks give protection against the cold wind. 1 CHOICE* --of millions liaa made Si. Joseph Aspirin tlio world's largest seller at 10f. It's first thought of millions at first warning of rixuplo headache or colds' painful miseries. No aspirin, iran ilo more for you. \Yby pay more? Then too, you jjinto even greater savings on tho larger sizes, 3 tal- lets 20£. 100 tablets, only 35ff. Always bo suro you demand genuine St.Joseph ASPI m N fronts of all nations engaged in total war. In the earlier years the military strength of each nation grows steadily. Production of arms increases. But at some stage, probably about two years, the military trength reaches its maximum size ·me! from there on it diminishes. Jkewise, at some point, industrial production reaches its zenith. Even nore rapidly than armies waste away after their zenith, the industrial machinery, the resources j nnd the productive capacity of the ] civil population wear down. j On the home front of all na- · ions, shortages in food and other \ consumption goods grow progrcs- ; sively due to di\ p ersioii of man- j lower. Armed men consume more · han when they 'were civilians. I The people must work longer and .onger hours at harder and heavier labor. Movement is restricted. Rationing, price and wage re- J strictions are inevitable. Regimen! :ation becomes steadily more onerous and economic dictatorship grows increasingly as war goes on. On the spiritual side grief stretches into every family; emotions become more fragile and intolerant; criticism, freedom of speech become more and more frozen. All these forces are multiplied in civilians by terror of attack from the air and destruction of (heir industries. In the end the multiplication of civilian hardships--in some degree universal to nil nations--becomes a race between them toward exhaustion. The Germans are in the fourth year of war. We have had one year. And in this race of exhaustion, the home front of the greatest staying power, of the greatest resources, of the greatest will to endure and fight is a vast support to the military arm. The weak home front becomes a disintegrating liability to its military arm. That was the case of the allies versus the central powers in 1918, Next: "Germany's Home Front." 3 lowans Sentenced to Reformatory on Draft Evasion Charges DUBUQUE. {C)--Three members o£ Jehovah's Witnesses were sentenced lo three years in a federal reformatory Tuesday morning by Judge Gunnar H. Norcl- byc in the federal court of the northern district of Town. They had entered pleas of guilty to a j charge o£ draft evasion. They' were John Virgil Hosting. Waukon; Frank Donato, Rockford, 111.: and Alvin Henry Thicse. Elkader. In passing sentence Judge Nordbye said: "The courts ot the United States do not respect the freedom of religion to the extent that religious organizations may state what laws they will obey and what laws they will not obey.'' During the first six months of 1942. 23 per cent more people got; married in the United States tlian during the same period in 1941. Baltimore leads the nation with I i marriages up 73 por cent, and! I Washington next, with VI percent.] MONTGOMERY WARD / now on NEW DRESS TO WEAR NOW.. AND FROM only CR1SP-AS-TOAST RAYON ROMAINE CREPES, lovely as Spring's firsi tulips! Yes, and so right for your busy days! Paper-thin 2-piece navies or blacki you can wear endlessly! Sheer dressy pastels! Frosted with white pique or fluffy lingerie. Sizes range from 12 to 44 and 9 to 15. only THRIFTY RAYON CREPES IN SPRING COLORS! Navy, black or paslel rayon' romame crepes thai will perk up your wardrobe without damaging your budget! Prettily styled in one or two-piece dresses--as fresh as Spring! Sizes for juniors, misses, women--9 to 15, 12 10 44. 102-4-6 SOUTH FEDERAL AYE. TELEPHONE 860, 861, 86Z J

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