The Mason City Globe-Gazette from Mason City, Iowa on January 13, 1943 · Page 1
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January 13, 1943

The Mason City Globe-Gazette from Mason City, Iowa · Page 1

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Wednesday, January 13, 1943
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i V« V M i ' ·---- ----,,__-_,.,._, _..,,,,...,...,,_.,,..,,__ 2 ,' i '31 i ftr 1$ i ill m ii IW * 1! I 1) II i 1 ·f! 1 I S NORTH IOWA'S DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME D E P A R T M E N T OF H I S T 0 3 Y A fi D A R C H I V E D C E 3 l / . O i K E S I A "THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH 1OWANS NEIGHBORS' VOL. XLIX ASSOCIATED PRESS AND UNITED PRESS FULL LEASED WIRES FIVE CENTS A COPY MASON CITY, IOWA, WEDNESDAY, JANUARY 13, 1943 THIS PAPER CONSISTS OF TWO SECTIONS SECTION ONE NO. 82 RUSSIANS RIP NAZI COUNTER DRIVES Destroy 34 Nazi Planes in Raid Near Tripoli 1.1 AIRPLANES ARE ENGAGED IN BLAZING FIGHT German Airmen's Strong Effort to Stop Flying Forts Meets Failure By WES GALLAGHER ALLIED HEADQUARTERS IN NORTH AFRICA, W --United States warplanes destroyed 31 nazi aircraft in the ah- and on the gi-ound in a raid Tuesday 012 Castel Benito airfield, 10 miles south of Tripoli, it was announced Wednesday. * * * B-17 flyinsr fortresses which *sd the attack into Tripolitania. from the west knocked out 20 planes on the ground and downed 14 more during- a blazing 75-mile running battle lush in the air, a spokesman said. * * * (This was the deepest reported penetration into Libya by fortresses based in the west. Other American bombers, B-26 Martin marauders, made an attack last Saturday against an airdrome 10 miles from Tripoli, possibly the same field.) Apparently instructed to stop the fortresses at any cost, the Germans avoided the escort ot Pr38 Lockheed lightnings and raced into the concentrated fire of the big four engined bombers. * * * Despite the enemy efforts, all. of-tfce-Ameriacn planes returned .-_ to their - bow. although one plane e»n»e home on only two motors two hours after the others. ¥ * * Air activity dominated day and night warfare, as reports from the ground fronts indicated only patrolling in the Bou Arada and Goubella areas of northern Tunisia. The RAF's Bisleys attacked the nazi supply line along the Tunisian east coast near the port of Sousse. ranging over the highways by moonlight and blasting trucks and transports with bombs and machinegun fire. The allied strategy of striking Marshal Rommel from both sides was operating like clockwork. * * * From the east the RAF and American air force with the British eighth army pounded Rommel's transport and supply lines leading through Tripoli to Tunisia. * * ¥ (A Cairo communique said Wednesday that Tripoli and Horns, 65 miles farther east, were attacked Monday night and that other planes followed up Tuesday with raids on axis air bases in Sicily, Crete and Lampedusa island). Almost at the same lime the American lightnings struck across the Tunisian border into Tripoli- tania in other attacks. * * * Sweeping close to (he ground above a Ion* line of axis transport vehicles, some ot them crowded with troops, the cannon and heavy machineguns of the swift fighters left a trail of smoke and destruction * * * An air force: spokesman estimated that at least 50 trucks were destroyed, including five filled with troops. 65,000th Landing j --· ~"--g German Bodies on Rood Neor Stalingrad Weeks ago Berlin claimed to have captured Stalingrad. How v i o n g they were is indicated by this photo, taken on a road in that vicinity after attacking Russian forces had rolled over the German besiegers. A large number of axis troops has been encircled west of the city by soviet columns. ONLY ESSENTIAL FUNDS INDORSED State Senate Passes Resolution on Policy DES MOINES, (/P)--The Iowa senate without a dissenting vote Wednesday passed a resolution declaring it the policy of the 50th generals-assembly: t o . appropriate only "furias which support esserit ial functions of state government- and provide for the needy, arid for defense. The resolution now goes to the house of representatives. The senators did not adopt the resolution without considerable heart-searchinsr, however, as lo the extent of the alleged surplus in the state treasury. "Unfortunately," Senator A. J. Shaw (R., Pocahontas) declared, "the impression has gone out that this legislature has a great lot of money. This is the result of the publication of half-truths in the newspapers. 1 had a letter from a man in my district, pointing out that there arc $30,000,009 in the _ treasury but if everyone understood that $20,000,000 O f this goes to pay homestead tax exemptions and old-age pensions, he would see that he have less than $9.000,000 in free funds not set aside or earmarked for some particular purpose." Senator Shaw predicted a 55,000,000 drop in sales tax collection this year because of wartime restrictions on the production and sale of consumer goods. Senator Leo Elthon (K.. Fertile) predicted (hat in addition to a S5.000.000 decrease in sales tax collections there would be a $3,500.000 decrease in use tax, making a total of eight or nine million dollars in revenue that the slate will not get next year. "If we only have eight or nine million dollars in the.state treas- SOMEWHERE IN THE SOUTH PACIFIC. Jan. 12--(Delayed)-Iff)--The scout bomber pulled up lo a stop on its carrier Wednesday, presumably ending just another i-outine mission, but as the pilot. Lieut. (JG) George A. Kiewet of San Diego, stepped to the deck, he was greeted with loud, long cheers. Ordered below to clean up and report back to the deck, Kiewet was unaware he had made history. He soon was enlightened, however, for on his return topside he found the carrier's entire complement lined up to present him with a huge cake. The gift commemorated the 65- 000th landing made aboard the ship. The carrier's present skipper made the 5,000th landing, and its executive officer the 4,000th. Sixty-five thousand is believed to be the greatest number of deck landings ever made aboard a carrier of any navy. Buy War Savings Bonds and Stamps from soar Globe-Gazette carrier boy. Giraud and De Gaulle Will Meet Soon, Spokesman Claims IVew Undertones of Mystery Seen in Probe of Darlan Assassination ui-y now and if revenue falls off that much this year, we do not have any real surplus in the treasury," Elthon declared, Food Prices Gain 1.2 Per Cent in Month "' WASHINGTON, '(JP) -- Prices paid by the average family for food were 1.2 per cent higher on Dec. 15 than on Nov. 17. largely as the result o£ the rise in prices of uncontrolled fresh fruit and vegetables, Secretary " of Labor P e r k i n s reported Wednesday. Prices on food exempt from control by the office ot price administration advanced seven per cent, while controlled foods increased a half of one per cent. Weather Report FORECAST MASON CITY: Rising tempera- t u r e s Wednesday afternoon, Wednesday night and Thursday forenoon. night 5. Lowest Wednesday IOWA: Rising temperature Wednesday night forenoon. and Thursday noon; occasional Wednesday night MINNESOTA: Rising temperature Wednesday afternoon, Wednesday night and Thursday fore- light . snow and north portion Wednesday afternoon. IN MASON CITY Globe-Gazette weather statistics: Maximum Tuesday 10 Minimum Tuesday night -12 At 8 a. m. Wednesday -10 At 2:30 p. m. Wednesday 8 YEAR AGO: Maximum Minimum 35 12 Sign Important Treaty A treaty of great importance to future Chinese-American Delations is signed, above, in the state department at ;J ashington by Dr. Wet Taoming, Chinese ambassador to the United States, and Secretary of State Cordell Hull. The United States agrees in the treaty lo give up the e.xtra-tcrntonal rights and special privileges long held by it and other western nations which have irked the Chinese ALLIED HEADQUARTERS IN NORTH AFRICA, (fl)-- Gen. Henri Honore Girnud, new high commissioner ot French North .and West Africa, and Gen. Charles DeGaulle ot ' (he "Fighting French, wil meet soon, a spokesman for General Giraud said Tuesday night as the assassination of Giraud's predecessor, Admiral Jean Darlan took on new undertones of mystery. ¥ W ··(· Generaf Giraud's spokesman, disclosing that additional "personages of Algiers" had been arrested in the case and others arrested earlier had been released. said th^ investigation of Darlan's assassination Christmas eve was being prosecuted "without consideration of the prominence of the persons involved, nor their political beliefs." * * * The investigation, he said, was being made by military authorities. Asked if the Count of Paris, heading a French monarchisl group, had figured in the investigation, the spokesman said he could not discuss the trend o£ the inquiry, "The murder of Darlan possibly was political," he said, "but the investigation and trial will be conducted merely as that of a criminal for a crime needing punishment." A young man described as Frenchman whose mother lives in Italy already has been cxccutcc as the actual assassin. The new "personages" arrested it was pointed out. arc in addition to the 12 seized New Years eve as instigators oE a plot to kill Robert Murphy, President Roosevelt's personal minister in North Africa General Girnud and others. The spokesman, in announcing 1 the new arrests, said the assassination of Admiral Darlan appeared to have been the "result of a conspiracy reaching in many directions." * * * General Gii'aud, disclosing the arrest of the original 12, said thai some ot them were persona friends and some had assisted ir the American occupation of North Africa. Announcing: the forthcoming meeting of General Giraud ant General DC Gaulle, who has insisted that former supporters of the Vichy government be rcinovec from their posts in North Africa General Giraud's spokesman saic that "many telegrams have been exchanged between General Giraud and General De Gaulle with a view to reaching an agreement.' General De Gaulle, he said wanted a meeting in early January, but this was impossible because General Giraud has been touring the African provinces. Kate Smith Reported to Be Seriously 111 NEW YORK, (U.PJ--Radio Singer Kate Smith was seriously ill of a gall bladder ailment Wednesday and for an indefinite period she will not be able to appear on her three programs. Miss Smith was stricken last Friday night. Physicians said an operation may be necessary orn Ceiling Prices Put Into Effect WASHINGTON, (U.R) -- Ceiling prices on corn went into effect at all markets Wednesday in vhat appeared to be a direct administration challenge to the congressional farm bloc. * * * The farm bloc immediately charged that the order affecting: the nation's largest crop was a violation of the price stabilization law. * ·¥ # The ceilings--set for 60 days vhile specific price maximums are being prepared--fix the top rices of corn below its parity Jrices. But agriculture officials contended they were entitled to nclude government payments to farmers in figuring parity -- a )0int hotly contested by the farm )loc. Government payments, the officials said, would bring the ceilings to 100 per .cent of parity. Prices of corn, futures contracts and cash corn in recognized markets were set at the highest levels of Monday. Jan. 11. At small '.ocal markets, prices were set at .he top levels of any day between Jan. 8-12. * * * The office of price administration issued the order on instructions from Stabilization Director James F. Byrnes and with the approval of Secretary of Agriculture Claude K. Wiek- ard. It was designed to encourage meat, dairy, and eejr production, which officials said would suffer because rising corn prices made it unprofitable as feed. * * '* "Ceiling price levels in the temporary- regulatibii^wni-be continued in the later permanent order --there definitely will be no increase in the general level of corn prices," Byrnes, Wiclcard and Deputy OPA Chief J, K. Galbraith said in a joint statement. The regulations exempted seed corn, popcorn, grain sorghums, sweet corn, broom corn, and local farmer-to-farmer sales. The average bushel parity price of corn is 93.5 cents. The order, it was said, would fix ceilings cnerally 15 to 20 cents below parity, unless subsidy payments are included. Farm bloc opposition was voiced by Senator Elmer Thomas, D., Okla.. Representative Evan Howell, R., 111., Senator Burton K. Wheeler, D., Mont., Representative Fred C. Gilchrist, R., Iowa, and others. Thomas said that the inclusion of AAA payments in parity computation was a penalty against farmers who do not participate in the crop control program. STATE CAPITOL GETTING READY FOR INAUGURAL Hickcnlooper to Be Governor; Wilson Goes to Duty in Washington DES MOINES, f.T)--The Iowa tatehouse took on n festive air .Vednesday as preparations went forward for the COLD WAVE RELIEF SEEN Mason City's 12 Below Is Lowest in Stale DES MOINES, (/P)--Some relief from sub zero temperatures was in sight for lowans Wednesday. The state's low temperature was 12 degrees below zero Wednesda morning at Mason City, followed by 9 below at Charles City and below at Spencer. Other cities where the mercury snnk below zero were Ames and Cedar Rapids, -2. Fort Dodge, -6, and Iowa City -4. Lamoni had the slate high temperature of 26 degrees Tuesday. The weatherman forecast rising temperatures Wednesday nigh and in the west portion Wednesday. Light rain or snow was forecast for the extreme south portion Wednesday night. inauguration of BourkeB. Hickenlooper of Cedar Rapids as 29th governor. Hickcnlooper, who t h e nan lo become Iowa's chief executive s i n c e W i 11 i a m L. liardin .vorld war 1 sc h e d uled Hickcnlooper take the oath of office Thursday afternoon. Robert D. Blue oC Eagle Grove will be inaugurated lieutenant governor at the same time. The ceremonies \vill tuke place before a joint session of the house and senate in the house of representatives chamber. Hickcnloop- er's inaugural address is scheduled to be broadcast, starting at 2:30 p. m. The Cedar Hapids 'man already will have been acting govcrnot more than hours when he m o u n t s t h e speaker's stanc to be sworn in G e o r g e A Wilson's last official act as governor was his biennial message to the legislature, delivered at a joint session of the t w t h o u s e s Tuesday after- left DCS JMoines curly Wednesday for Washingtoi to take up his new duties as United States senator, leaving his successor to be acting governor until the formal inauguratioi: ceremonies., Tuesday night, Wilson, guest of honor at a dinner given by 40 officers of his military staff and the state staff of the Iowa national guard, was praised as "an executive who never was swayed by tiie cries of the uninformed but who did the best for his state that should have been done." ·S * ¥ Speaking for the state guard and for the officers of the national guard, Brig. Gen. Charles H Grahl, adjutant general of Iowa pledged Hickenlooper "absolute loyalty and wholehearted suppor in any task you may assign to us." j Hickenlooper has been lieutenant governor for the past four years under Wilson. Besides being the youngest man to assume the governorship in a quarter o£ a century, Hick- cnlooper is the first veteran of world war 1 to be elected to the office, and the first governor to come from Linn county. While Cedar Rapids has been his home since he took up the practice of lav.' in 3922, he is a native of Taylor county, where his parents, Mr. and Mrs. Nathan O. Hickenlooper, still reside. He is a graduate of Iowa Stale college and of the law school oC the University oC Iowa. He served overseas with the 339lh field artillery in world war 1. Prior to becoming lieutenant governor in 1039, he had served Allied Planes Hit Japs on Rising Scale By the Associated Press Ailied warplanes sweeping the ar Pacific skies from Burniu to he south seas were reported lut- ing the Japanese on a rising icale Wednesday, and in land ightins Gen. Douglas MacAr- hur's headquarters announced ·further gains" against trapped enemy forces on the Pau;m beach *n New Guinea. Survivors of a Japanese invasion army originally estimated at 15,000 troops were pictured as righting the last stages of a los- ng battle, with American and Australian soldiers hacking deeper into the enemy's narrow defense corridor at Sanananda joint. At the same time, delayed messages from American-defended Guadalcanal island, in the Solomons, reported that U. S. army :ropps and marines accounted for 186 known Japanese killed and captured a number of guns on Jan. 2 when they stormed a strategic hill and cleaned out Japanese pockets oC resistance. The assault, reported without detail by the navy on Jan. 5. \v;is carried out under fire from Japanese machine-guns, mortars and rifles, with the Americans capturing the heavily-junglcd hill alter a day-long advance. Other dispatches said American patrols, fighting a series of bitter actions in soggy jungles, had killed nn average of 15 Japanese to each American losl. Miij.-Geii. Millard F. Harmon, commanding general of U. S. army forces in the south Pacific told newsmen it was "just a question of time'" before American troops won control of the key island. BRITISH BOOST CARRIER TOTAL Strength Now Greater Than at Start of War LONDON, m--A. V. Alexander, first lord of the admiralty declared Wednesday that "although u-e have had heavy losses in aircraft carriers, we have more now than we had at the beginning of the war after rcplaciiifc our losses." (Britain has announced the loss o£ five aircraft carriers, the Ark Royal, Courageous, Glorious, Hermes and Eagle. (Since the start of the war she has completed the Indomitable Formidable. Victorious, and Illus trious -- and, from Alexander': statement, apparently also ha. added the new Indefatigable am Implacable to the fleet. Jane': fighting ships listed them ai scheduled for completion in 1342 (This count indicate a total o seven, the only pre-war carrie: REDS DECLARE FIGHT BECOMES MORE VIOLENT Germans Throw Tanks Planes Into Caucasus to Stiffen Stand By HEXRV C. CASSIDY MOSCOW, (/Pj -- T h e Germans threw tanks and warplanes into T stiffening stand in the Caucasus Wednesday in a desperate attempt to cover their forces holding the Maikop oilfields and the Slack sen coast farther west, but the Russians reported further ;ains and more villages captured. Red Star, mouthpiece of tha Russian army, said the battle was jecoming more violent, particu- .arly along the rail line toward Rostov from recaptured Mineral- lye Vocly. V -'f * Battlefront dispatches said the Russians were maintaining- their pressure alonir a whole 100- milc front from deep in the Caucasus to tiic lower Kalmyck steppe, while other forces just to (lie north bore down on the nizi Sal river line in preparation for the siege of Salsk, another milestone on the r.oad to Rostov. W V * Strong German counterattacks were reported on the lower Don front as well as in the Caucasus. Izvostia, the government newspaper, said one such attack in the lower Don threatened an important Russian line of communications but was repelled by. red army reserves moved up nearly 40 miles overnight. The Germans were forced to retreat, Izvestia reported. The Don offensive was hampered by the cold wind which howled across the snow-piled steppes. The progress there was slower than in parts of the Caucasus, but the Russians \vcre reported pressing ahead at a steady enough pace to prevent the enemy from regrouping shattered divisions. * ·¥ v In the close-nuarler fighting in Stalingrad, the red army made an important gain by thrusting forward from a northern factory district to the western outskirts of the city ' * * ¥ Long range guns on the east bank of the Volga continued to shell German lodgements on the west bank around Stalingrad as the Russians kept up their pressure on the German forces that have been cut off there from retreat to the west. (The soviet noon communique said several more populated places fell to the Russian Caucasus army in the night's fighting and added a significant report: That red army planes had swept far west to Krasnodar in a series" of Midwest Food Rationina o Conference Scheduled DES MOINES, (/P)--The food rationing program to be inaugurated soon by the federal government will be explained to food industry representatives fronS nine midwestern states at a conference here Jan. 18. The office of price administration and the newly created food distribution administration will sponsor the session. Extension service directors, nutrition committee chairmen, bankers and trade association officials also will attend. two terms in the house.of representatives. He is * * a republican. FORMER BUSINESSMAN DIES FORT DODGE, . G. Early,, 83. for many years a leading Fort Dodge businessman, died Tuciday in Los Angeles. Cal.. where lie had resided since his retirement in 1916. He operated music stores in eight Iowa cities at one time. The new first lady of Iowa is the former Vcrna Bcnsch of Lansing. Iowa. The Ilickcn- loopers have t w o children, David. 9, and Janet. 12. The family has taken up residence at 3101 Lincoln Place drive here. * * ·* Blue, who succeeds Hickcn- looper as presiding officer o! the senate, was speaker of the house in 1341, and has been a member of the legislature since 1934. He is 44, a native of Wright county, and has been a lawyer at Eagle Grove since his graduation from Drake university in 1922. He was a delegate to the republican national convention in 1932. Mrs. Blue is the former Cath- lenc Beale of Tama. * Thire are two children, Barbara, H," and Donald. 12. Thursday's schedule Includes the customary governor's re- last Sept. 20 that the royal navy's capital ship, carrier and cruiser losses of the last two and a half years had been replaced. ·'We have had in the last three or four months very heavy attacks by U-boats," Alexander said in a speech Wednesday, "and we have taken a very heavy toll of the enemy. "Our naval losses in this war would constitute a great fleet, yet in spite of the fact that we have had to replace those ships today u-e have a far larger strength than in 1939." naval KILLED IN AN AIR CRASH COLORADO SPRINGS, (,p(-Private Newell L. Cadwcil. son of Mr. and Mrs C. F. Cndwcll of Ames. Iowa, was one of six men killed Monday in the crash of an army bomber rado Springs. northeast ot Colo- Buy ,Var Savings Konris and Slamps from your Globc-Gazcttc carrier boy. ccption at 8 p. m., with dancinfc until midnight. The reception will be held in the executive offices, with hiith legislative officials, elective state officials and their wives, and former sovernors and their wives, in the receiving line. * * W In keeping with the times, the decoralion scheme Ihis year is simple, and emphasizes the patriotic theme. Hemlock roping entwined with flags, was used to fesloon the rotunda and to (orm huge "V's" for victory in the main corridor and in the house chamber. Flowers for (he occasion will be furnished by various state institutions. (Ten German planes were destroyed on the ground, about 30 were damaged and two planes were brpught down in an aerial duel, the communique said. It was broadcast by the Moscow radio and recorded in London by the Soviet Monitor. (A German tank advance in the lower Don area was thrown back in vicious fighting and several towns wore occupied in one sector, the war bulletin said. (The Russians also reported that red army shock troops had broken through lo the western outskirts of Stalingrad after bitter fighting in buildings, courtyards and streets. The siege of Stalingrad began H I clays ago, (The besiegers themselves are held in n huge trap before Stalingrad by the Russian columns that fanned out in the winter offensive launched Nov. 19.) The soviet midnight commu- nique pictured the far-flnnr central Caucasus advance moving steadily along both sides of the railway that angles from Baku, oil center on the Caspian, northwestward to Rostov, at the mouths of the Don, near where the river splits to flow into the Sea of Azov 25 miles below the city limits. * * * The recapture of six more points in the Caucasus, including Essentuki, 12 miles west ot Pyatigorsk, was announced Es- senluki's fall carried a Russian column to within 38 miles ot the headwaters of the Kuban river. (The Moscow correspondent of Reuters. British news agency, reported that Russian troops ·which, had speared from Stalingrad down uast Elista through the Kalmyck

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