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E d jf HIS wen Â« *Â«T D C P T OF l O f f A , Â· F * M i I M F t i ; i! North Iowa's DAILY PAPER /or f fee Home "TUB NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS HOME EDITION yoL. XL FIVE CENTS A COPV ASSOCIATED PRESS LEASED WIRE SERVICE MASON CITY, IOWA, TUESDAY, MAY 1, 1934 THIS PAPER CONSISTS OF TWO SECTIONS SECTION ONE NO. 175 Girded for Real Fight Senate Saw That in Hull Appearance in Committee. 3 ADMIT 5 TORTURE ROBBERIES Â· A S H I N G T O N , May 1. JP -If there had been any doubt that the senate was girded for the stiffest legislative battle'of the present session over the administration's pending tariff bill Secretary Hull's appearance b e fore that body's finance committee must have removed it. The quiz to which the mild- mannered, silver- haired secretary of state--himself a veteran of many hard fought tariff battles--was subjected by republican stalwarts impressed all who heard it aa merely a forerunner of what is to come. ' Reed of Pennsylvania, heir to the title "high priest of protectionism" held for so long by Smoot of Utah bore down so hard on Hull that at the conclusion he felt constrained to "Mr. Secretary, I hope that despite what I have said this morning you will believe that I hold, as always, the greatest admiration and respect for you." KÂ«cd Leads Foes. Upon the Pennsylvania senator's shoulders rests the responsibility of leading his party's opposition in tht senate to the request of the presi dent to negotiate reciprocal tradi agreements with foreign countries Heretofore tasks like this wen handled by Senator Smoot: With hi! defeat, in 1932 however. Reed mov ed up as ranking republican on the senate finance committee and thu leader for the minority in all con tests involving fiscal affairs. Reed already is on record as be lieving the bill a "menace to the se curity and happiness of every Amer ican home" and a-measure whic! "might 'easily-;upset the;; whole re . ioppositi'oi Millions Made in Stocks Despite SlumpTM***" BRUTAL CRIMES Questions tired at Secretary Hu before tie committee demonstrate this. Party Battle Lines. Republicans ..will battle it ou largely oh two broad principles. Why, they will demand of th democrats, do you propose to giv the president authority to negotiat these treaties, raising or lowerin duties that might bring "incredibl ruin (the phrase is Reed's) to domestic industry, without givin that industry a chance to be -heard The democrats' reply will be: I would take too long. It took tv, CELEBRATION OF MAYDAYCALMIN MOST OF WORLD 1 Killed, 6 Wounded in Havana; Reds Clubbed in France. By ASSOCIATED PRESS. Stringent police precautions signalized the worldwide celebrations of May day. While radical workers organizations had called for unprecedented demonstrations in flaming manifea- :oes, the situation Tuesday afternoon indicated that no tremendous disturbances were likely. The sole danger point at that time appeared to be in Havana, where one person was killed and six shot in the midst of a communist demonstration in mid-town. In other lands, however, the demonstrations assumed the characteristics of a parade staged in Tokip where 7,000 demonstrators marched under the direction of 3,000 police. In Moscow, the Red army corps which constitutes the garrison of the capital led a parade of citizens who cheered the right of 600 tanks and more than 500 airplanes roaring before 'them. Communist meetings got underway on the outskirts of Paris in mid-afternoon without police interference except for one clash late in the day and the situation in the French capital was reported fairly calm- with, business: practically ..nor- BIG NAVY FLEET SAILS THROUGH PANAMA CANAL general strike;' ' Celebrations 'bv communists and socialists'got un'der way in New York about noon but up to late afternoon were quiet and orderly. The New York police were in readiness for any eventuality. Other demonstrations were scheduled for Chicago and there, likewise, the police were being held in preparation. Planes Roar Overhead. VIENNA, May 1. Url--Airplanes reared above the romantic woods of Vienna while gendarmes raced into the concealed spots to raid May day mass meetings of socialists defying \ ears or more to enact the Fordney mass meetings of socialists defying McCumber tariff law and almost! an order of Chancellor Dollfuss to- that long to pass the recent Smoot- Hawley act. The idea here is to act \ quickly. j. Again republicans will say: You / democratic leaders in the past have , ) admitted frankly that tariff making i and revision under the constitution i are legislative duties. Then why de' prive the senate of even the right to ratify these treaties when they are will reply: made? And the democrats That admission, was made by us when times were not as they are now. Again, the idea here is to act quickly. Â· Don't you know that we are still in an emergency? Pioneer Trainman at Cedar Rapids Retires CEDAR RAPIDS, May 1. UP)---A. U Haldeman, superintendent of the (' Cedar Rapids-Dakota division of the Rock Island railroad and declared to be the oldest superintendent in point of service on any railroad in Iowa retired today because of ill health Weal day. Several persons were captured. 48 Arrested After Fire. AUGSBURG, Germany, May 1. LT)--Police today arrested 48 persons as suspected incendiaries following a midnight fire which destroyed the huge Singer hall here. Eye witnesses claimed they heard an explosion while the fire was raging and the police, who placed the 48 suspects "in protective custody," offered a reward of 10,000 marks for the arrest of the actual perpetrators. 10 Injured bv Police. PARIS, May 1. t-PJ--Fifteen thousand communists, after an afternoon long demonstration at the Porte de Vincennest, attempted shortly before dusk to march into the heart of Paris, but were forced back by police who injured 10 with their clubs. The 1,500 were part of a mass meeting of 15,000 communists who had gathered during the day in the Vincennes woods. The smaller number started for the city despite police warnings. When the body reached the lines set by police, the gendarmes charged Against a background of beauty, the U. S. S. Maryland is shown passing through Gaillard cut in the nama cannl when the navy fleet sailed from the Pacific to the Atlantic for spring and summer maneuvers Panama cannl off the eastern coast. An attempt was made to bring the entire fleet through the canal In 24 hours, but it required several hours longer for the movement. (Associated Press Photo). Japanese Trade Drive in Latin America Revealed Tokio Ignores Hull's Claim of Rights in CJiina., PHILIPPINE SOLONS ACCEPT U. S. OFFER EMERY OPPOSES TARIFF MEASURE Manufacturers Counsel a Hearing; Demo Senators Support Bill. into the moving crowd. The manifestants were scattered FORECAST IOWA: Partly cloudy Tuesday night and Wednesday; possibly showers in west portion Wednesday; continued mild temperature. MINNESOTA: Mostly cloudy Tuesday n:ght and Wednesday, probably rain or snow in north portion and showers Wednesday in south; not much change in temperature. LOCAL STATISTICS Globe-Gazette weather figures for 24 hour period ending at 8 o'clock Tuesday morning: Maximum Monday 86 Minimum in Night Si At 8 A. M. Tuesday 70 Monday's maximum temperature was the highest recorded this year --well into the summer heat range. There were indications Monday night of an approaching rain but it failed to materialize. And North Iowa goes on wanting a drink desperately. into side streets and there hand-to- hand battling continued in small groups. General Strike Fails. The widely publicized attempts of radicals to celebrate May day. in (Tarn to PARC 2, Column 9) MAN, INJURED IN ACCIDENT, DIES Howard Hubler, 22, Dies at Waverly From Fracture of Skull. WAVERLY, May 1. LB--Howard Hubler, 22, Marshalltown, died in a hospital here last night from ft skull fracture suffered Sunday when he plunged over an embankment in the big woods near Denver, Iowa, on a special hill climbing motorcycle which he had just purchased. He is survived by the widow, whom he married 10 mouths ago. today to h?ve made phenomenal advances in Uncle Sam's own back yard of Latin America. A department of commerce survey showed .Japanese export increases ranging from 100 '.: 1000 per cent into a majority of South American countries, concededly to the detriment of American export in many instances. These f i g u r e s , placed beside others showing a 50 per cent decrease in American foreign trade in 1933 as compared to 1930, were cited by one official as the cause of an administration desire for speed in negotiating preferential trade treaties. It was 'disclosed also that, in view of the Nipponese advances, the administration has instructed all trade, consular and diplomatic officials south of the Rio Grande for frequent, periodic reports on the Japanese trade program. Communication Ignored. TOKIO, May 1. (JP)--The communication of Cordell Hull, United States secretary of statr on J. _a- nese policy in the Far East was pointedly ignored in a writtr : com- munique k'iven by the foreign office t. the Japanese r ' s s tonight. Although the Hull statement was published complete in local afternoon newspapers, and was the principal topic of discussion -in diplomatic and official circles, the com- munique does not mention it except to reiterate its contention that the head of the American state department indicated the United States' unwillingness to accept the Japanese "hands off Asia" stand. Wait for Reaction. WASHINGTON, May 1. (.Â¥--The state department awaited far eastern reaction today to its polite but direct reminder to Japan that claims of "overlordship in Asia" must stick within treaty limits. . Cordell Hull, soft-spoken secretary of state, unfolded to newsmen last night a statement asserting beneath smooth diplomatic' language that the United States does not approve of Japanese control, as projected, over Chinese affairs. The statement delivered in substance to Foreign Minister Hirota last Sunday by Ambassador Joseph C. Grew in Tokio,.stated in effect: First, that Japan is still a party to treaties for the maintenance of Chinese sovereignty; Second, that treaties cannot be legally "modified or terminated" except by the processes agreed upon by' the contracting parties, and; Third, that the United States has certain rights in China and proposes to keep them. MANILA, May 1. C5)-- Without a protesting vote, the Filipino legislature today accepted the United States' new offer of independence as embodied in the Tydings-McDuffie act and prepared to set up machinery necessary for self government. Under the terms of the measure, signed March 31 'by President Roosevelt, the Filipinos will obtain complete independence in 1945. During the intervening years a commonwealth government, to be set up probably next year, will govern the islands. The two houses, meeting in^ joint session, expressed "appreciation and everlasting gratitude to the president and congress of the United States and to the American people." Collector of Customs. WASHINGTON, May 1. (,P)--Mabel Gittinger was confirmed by the senate as collector of customs for district No. 14, Iowa KIDNAPERS FREE TO GET RANSOM Officials Quit Hunt to Let Grandfather Seek Return of Child, 6. TUCSON, Ariz., May 1. (.T)--The kidnapers of 6 year old June Robles were free today to negotiate for a ?15,000 ransom without interference from authorities. Her father, Fernando Robles. issued an announcement to the kidnapers saying he was ready to meet full their demands and that, at the family's request, official investigation had been stopped to permit unhampered negotiations. Bernabe Robles, reputedly wealthy grandfather of the child, returned from a second trip across the border to Santa Ana, Sonora, where he told a hotel proprietor he had sought the advice of Manuel Gamboa, recognized in that area as a seer. Passing through Nogales on his return, the pioneer cattleman expressed hope that "this little journey is going to lead toward solving of the kidnaping." He did not say v":at advice, if any, he had received from the reputed seer. James A. Emery, general counsel o the National Asociation of Manu facturers, told the senate financ committee today the reciprocal tar iff bill might subject jobs and in vestments to uncertainties. The association, he said, is op posed to the authorization of th president to make trade agreement without referring them to congress "No greater element of uncer tainty could be added to the present difficult economic situation," Emery told the committee, "than the prospect of various industries being vitally affected, not only in themselves, but in their relation to all other industries, by the prospect of tariff changes made without their knowledge vitally affecting their employing capacity. Uncertainties Feared, ( "Neither the jobs of employes nor the National Association of Manu- ners or stockholders should be subjected to the uncertainties of agreements modifying foreign competition without a day in court." The measure before the committee would empower the president in negotiating trade pacts to chang-e existing tariff schedules as much as 50 per cent. Back in 1929, Emery said, democratic finance committeemen, then in a majority, issued a statement objecting to flexible tariff adjustment within severe limitations. This, he added, was far less authority than the pending bill would bestow on the president. Demos Support Bill. Senate democrats presented an almost solid front today for enactment of the Roosevelt tariff bargaining bill. The array of strength for the bill came after its supporters had made a substantial concession to a growing opposition. The accepted modification would grant industries an executive hearing before their tariff protection was changed by treaty. Senator Robinson of Arkansas, the majority leader, announced after a party conference last night that President Roosevelt would accept the amendment provided the hearings were not public. Impair Effectiveness. ; Throwing such hearings open, i Robinson said, would "impair the j REVEAL PROFITS OF MEMBERS OF N. Y. EXCHANGE 'ecora G i v e s Senators Statistics for Last Six Years. WASHINGTON, May - a . /M-Evidence that New York stock ex- hange member firms have made nearly a billion dollars in the past ix years, despite the depression, vas presented today to a senate committee. Ferdinand Pecora, counsel for the senate stock market committee, jlaced before its re-assembled nembers data showing that exchange firms averaged almost $2,100,000 apiece in net profits during :he two boom and four depression /ears. Gathered from the member firms themselves, the statistics showed they have had a total gross income of more than $2,000,000,000 during ;he six year period. Over Million Apiece. During the high time years of 1D2S and 1929 their gross annual revenue averaged far more than 51.000,000 apiece. These and a mass of other hitherto undisclosed statistics relating to market operations were presented to the committee as stock exchange control legislation approached the test in both houses oÂ£ congress. Concededly the disclosure of this data was timed to put the bill "over the top." The move followed .close alter :chajgesjn.the 'house yester 'day'of" a'-e'ampigh of "misrepre sentation" against the legislation by the New York exchange. Buried in Statistics. Buried in the mass of statistic was an amazing story of the do pression's effect. It showed mem her firm profits dropped from $349, 000,000 in 1928 to a loss of 50,000, 000 in 1932 and rose again to 596, 000 000 for the first eight months o la=t year. The total net profits foi the period were $833,167,886. Other high spots in the volumm ous data showed that: The 631 reporting firms had 1,- S71.920 customers in 1929, of whom 811,986 or 59 per cent were cash customers as contrasted with mar- cnnal traders. The firms had 1,028,491 customers during the first eight months ot 1933, of whom 596,376 or 58 per cent I were cash operators. 1 240 Million Sales. Out of 120,000,000 shares of stock sold on the exchange during July, 1933 representing 240,000,000 sales --Â·-- Â·*-Â·' their Cities Passes \\^ Senate 45-28 House Group Votes to Lay Aside Senate Airmail Bill. WASHINGTON, May 1. OK--The senate today passed and returned to the house a modified municipal bankruptcy relief bill authorizing over 2,000 debt ridden cities and taxing units to petition the courts for approval of refinancing plans. The vote was 45 to 28. i Stricter than the bill passed by j the house in the special session, the j measure approved was a substitute il't'ered by Senator McCarran (D.- \[ev.) embodying changes having he indorsement of the administra- jn. It would permit cities to petition he courts for scaling down their debts if they could get holders of 1 per cent of their obligations to .gree on a plan. Would Need Consent. Before the plan could become operative G2 2-3 per cent of the amounts in each class of obliga- -ion and 75 per cent of the aggregate claims would have to consent and purchases, member firms, partners and individual members of the exchange, made 585,000,000. Member firms had 269,915 mai'gm accounts on their books June 30, 1933, as contrasted with a high of 340,019 July 31, 1929 and 203,450 at the end of 1932. Member firms or their partners participated in profits or losses from 213 pools during the six yar period. Pecora contended that the statistics gathered from question- Under the house bill the consent of holders of only 30 per cent of .he outstanding debt is required to initiate a plan before the court assumes jurisdiction and the approval of only 66 2-3 per cent of holders of the aggregate amount of claims before the plan took effect. The total municipal debt has been estimated between $16,000,000,000 and $19,000,000,000 and more than 2,000 taxing units are said to be in default. Kcject Senate Bill. The house postoffice committee voted today to reject the senate ap proved airmail bill and seek enact ment of its own measure. Th_e two: bffls -are different to "nilm1)tOf'* : of respects although- bo\ allow the postmaster general t award one year contracts. The senate bill, however, permi bidders to appaal decisions of th postmaster general to the intersta^ commerce commission and direc the ICC to determine the airma routes and reasonable compensatio for the service. The house bill con tains neither of those provisions. Income Tax Bill. Where the senate would reduc airmail postage to six cents ounce, the house bill would cut i to five cents. Both, however, would call for tii creation of a special presidentiall. appointed commission to make survey and report to congress on general aviation policy. By 81 to 62 on a standing vot the house todaj" accepted all com promises with the senate on th income tax tightening bill that th conference committee recommend ed. A tally had yet to be taken, how ever, on the senate proposal to ad to each individual income tax 1 per cent of the amount otherwi? due. Rejection of this was looke for. inu/Â« IUWA ARE CLEARED UP Woden, Bode, Algona, Whittemore Persons Among Victims. EMMETSBURG. May 1.-- Three. en, the nucleus of an organized ang- of torture robbers, which op- rated in North Iowa over a period f four years, confessed Tuesday to ve crimes. These crimes, char- cterized by brutality in which the ictims were forced to give up their avings, had been believed until to- ay to have been the acts in' laniacs. The three men held are Estel Aners, 45, Decatur. 111., charged as lie ringleader; Ole Thorsland 01 Sode and Joe Thilges of Whitte- nore. One other member of the gang. jeo Bcsch, Bode, now seiTing- a 10 Â·ear sentence at Fort Madison on a conviction of rape, was said by members of the gang to have been an accomplice. $18,000 In Loot. Confined in the county jail at tametsburg, the men confessed shortly before noon Tuesday to a series of robberies and threatened attacks in which ?1S,000 was taken rom farm persons in Northwest Iowa territory. In nearly every robbery the victims were bound and tortured. Questioning by attorneys and sheriffs from nearby counf.es was continued tins afternoon, Sheriff Mont- ;omery said, in an effort to determine whether the three were connected with other thefts in this territory. ; .Sheriff Bert '.Montgomery.-. '.'anil'"~ presented the most comprehensive picture ever drawn of the market's operations. Follows Them Up. He planned to follow them up with similar statistics for the New York curb and other smaller ex- (Turn to race I, Column 2) WILLARD SHARP FOUND POISONED CHICAGO, May 1. (,T)--Willard Caulfield Sharp, 56, identified by papers as a former vice president of Middle West Utilities company, (Insull firm) was found poisoned in his hotel room today and was rushed to the county hospital for , emergency treatment. effectiveness and benefit of arrangements in contemplation." Most of the republican opposition to the measure, already passed by the house, has centered around the fact that the president could negotiate a tariff reduction pact without senate ratification and without giving affected industries a chance to express their views. Several democratic senators from industrial areas had joined this stand. Suffers Broken Arm. CORW1TH, May ].--Vernon Ray, 3, son of Mr. and Mrs. Glenn Francis, received a fractured right Nominates Candidates for Congress, State and Local Offices. j SIOUX FALLS, S. Dak., May 1. ' UP)--South Dakota citizens today were nominating candidates for congressional, state, district and local offices in the biennial state primary election. Notwithstanding an absence of clear cut issues, a record total vote of more than 200,000 was in prospect, compared with a previous high mark of 170,000 cast two years ago. Democratic registration is nea-Jy 100 per cent and republican about 6 per cent higher than 1932. Voters also named delegates to party conventions. The party tickets for state office below governor will arm when he fell off the davenport | be selected in state conventions us- at home Saturday evening. , imlly Iicld in June on call. WAGNER BILL'S CHANCES SLIM Administration Expected t Make Further Efforts at Revision. WASHINGTON, May 1- (^Pi- Further administration efforts at revising the Wagner labor bill were projected today but the outlook for the passage of an acceptable measure at this session of congress was far from good. As conferences were resumed today between Senator Wagner (D., N. Y.). Secretary Perkins, Hugh S. Johnson and Donald Richberg of NRA, there was no indication that the group was near agreement on what constituted workable legislation. President Roosevelt asked this special committee to get together before congress goes further with the biil. In addition. American Federation of Labor leaders moved to consolidate their position for a government ban on all company unions. The present Wagner bill woul'! outlaw employer-dominated company unions. Four British Flyers Die in Air Collision CRANWELL, Eng., May 1. I.Ti-- Four royal air force officers were killed today when two airplanes collided over the airdrome and smashed to earth. All four were dead when j emergency squads reached the wrccki'gc . .. . Deputy Â· Sheriff s .-HarveyvBprout o~i~ Palo Alto "c'tiffity" : tflfitf(fea ' up the gang-, assisted by Sheriff J. F. Johnston of Winnebago count3 - and Sheriff Henry J. Sexe of Humboldl county. The arrests were marie bv Sheriff Montgomery, following ji call from Sheriff Johnston of Forest City recently when he returned Anders from Decatur on a charge of forgery. Anders Idcntirivd. Three members of the H. F. Gneuppel family, which was robbed on the farm home OIK and one-half miles east of Mallard, Nov. .(, positively identified Anders as tlie unmasked member of the trio which robbed them. The robbery was one of five confessed to and was outstanding in that the robbers bound their victims and tortured them with hot irons before taking So.900 from the farm. About 53,500 of this was in cash, SI, 000 of which was in government bonds and $2,500 in personal savings. A confession of this crime was obtained from Anders Monday night nd Palo Alto county officers, assisted by Sheriffs Johnston and Sexe, rounded up the other mem- (Turn (o Pagr L.'. rnlimin ,1) Senate Committee to Reconsider Approval of AAA Provisions I WASHINGTON, May 1. (,Tl--The ! senate agriculture committee- ilecicl- ! ed today to reconsider its recent approval of the bill to strengthen the licensing' provisions of the agricultural adjustment act. Parliamentary Law This is a compilation of the established rules of order that govern the proceedings of all deliberative bo'l- ies, now available through the V'ashiiigton Information bureau o' this newspaper. It is in the most practical form, briefed for ready reference and clarified so that the average person will not get lost in a maze of technicalities. A copy oi "Parliamentary Law" will be scut to any address postpaid for six cents. Use coupon. Mason City Globc-Gazctto Information Bureau, Frederic J. Haskin, director, Washington, D. C. I enclose six cents in coin (carefully wrapped) for the booklet on parliamentary law. Name Street City State (Muii i.i- Wiis'riM.;t'.!i U C.'