The Mason City Globe-Gazette from Mason City, Iowa on March 2, 1944 · Page 16
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March 2, 1944

The Mason City Globe-Gazette from Mason City, Iowa · Page 16

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Mason City, Iowa
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Thursday, March 2, 1944
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E D I T O R l A l A Bombing Raid Is No Simple Operation MOT MANY of us unfamiliar ^' with the actual mechanics of an aerial attack on Europe can appreciate the vastness and the complexity of the operation. It isn't just a case of 1,000 bombers and 2 or 3 hundred lighting planes taking off, flying over their target, dropping their bomb load and returning to base. It isn't that ·Imple. Consider the case of one recent assault in great strength on Berlin. A personnel equivalent to 5 army divisions was required. Air crews and ground staffs involved in the venture totaled 57,000 men. To achieve those 35 minutes of deadly climax, in which 2,800 abort tons of bombs were dropped on the target, .thousands of men at dozens of airfields in England toiled night and day. tJEFORE such an attack is "laid" on," weather reports are collated and the numbers of available' aircraft from each group is ascertained. If the weather reports are favorable, preparations are made and a provisional takeoff tune is fixed. The operations staffs at bomber command and group headquarters then confer by telephone over a private system, the line being scrambled to prevent eavesdropping, and producing to any possible wire-tapper merely jumbled noises. I n c a s e t h e meteorologist changes his opinion, a secondary target is usually chosen. If the target is changed, the armorers may have to start work all over again, because the length of the flight indicates the ratio of bombs to fuel load or a different type of bomb or a varied proportion of incendiaries to high explosives may be demanded. Then, perhaps, the attack is called off at the last moment owing to a change of weather, either at home or abroad. Sometimes the operation is countermanded when the air crews are in the Lancasters, Stirlings and Halifaxes waiting to take off. THE record raid on Berlin, more than l.OOB aircraft, mostly Halifaxes and Lancasters, had to ., t leave their bases In the shortest ,, ^ possible time, fly to the rendez- 1 · vous, then, without deviating, reach the target and leave it dead on time, all in darkness and cloud. Not all the aircraft flew at the same height and speed, so that the most careful calculations had to , be worked out beforehand. , r About 7,000 flying personnel were "briefed." Each bomber was t ' groomed all day long by 50 air, - ' craftmen in preparation for the * night's work. Bombing-up alone · fc'. occupied 4,000 men. It took 5 hours to distribute the bombs (4-ton cookies, 2-ton block-busters, smaller bombs and incendiaries), transport them to each aircraft and raise them into the bomb bays. Three-quarters of a million rounds of ammunition were packed into machine-gun belts and stowed aboard. -More than a million gallons of gasoline, .thousands of gallons of lubricant, a great volume of fluid for the hydraulic under-carriages, the de-icing system and the pumps were used. Thousands of radio valves had to be checked. Night cameras had to be examined. On each station trucks were ready for servicing accumulators and filling ·oxygen cylinders. Seven thousand Dying suits were used. IS assault reached a new peak in concentrated bombing, the volume of high explosives and incendiaries poured upon the target area being many. times that at Coventry, the first of all true area bombing attacks. The main body of attackers roared through the night in a massive black phalanx 50 miles long, and dispatched their bombs in 20 minutes. Other heavies, delayed somewhat by interference en route, prolonged the assault to 35 minutes. Mosquitoes following at intervals kept lire- fighters and repair squads in Berlin under cover for 60 minutes longer. Berlin has been the target of some 26,000 short tons of bombs since the attack on Nov. 18 opened the present series, and the battle costs the attackers about 1 aircraft for every 50 tons of bombs discharged. SIESTA TIME IN ARGENTINA Did You Know? By Frederic J. Haskin EDITOR'S NOTE - fteadera »¥»illn, themselves of this tcrvlce for questions of fiet--n*l eg an* tl--*^ a old tig D tb*ir full name and addrrt* and lnef«»e 3 cent* f*i ret am p*»t*fe. Ad 4 re** Globe-Gazette latetmitlmn B · t · · a. Frederic J, U»»kla. Director. ton. D, c. Look Out Below IN ·»· r One thing can be predicted with reasonable confidence about Finnish-Russian relations. Moscow isn't going to make any peace with the same personalities responsible for taking Finland into the war against Russia. · * * * The radio industry will not be giving offense to us if it decides to taper off on the scream background for its crooner programs. * * * Sometimes the world seems divided between people who don't care about your troubles and those who are downright glad. * * ,* It isn't reported that any of the 205 entries in the Russian national anthem contest even mentioned Laddie Lamsy Divey. TPHI; -i- in Looking Ahead IT IS TO BE hoped that the atti- *· tude of Secretary o£ Commerce Jesse Jones that "there is entirely too much planning and talking about the post-war world when the war isn't won yet" doesn't become too general, because if we don't lay our plans well now the titanic task of reconversion hurriedly patched together at war's end, could well result in utter chaos. But Secretary Jones is perhaps partly correct. There has been too much starry-eyed planning, too many rosy dreams by wishful thinkers. But there has not been too much down-to-earth planning --there can't be. We do not, of course, favor concentrating the ration's efforts toward devising an adequate program of reconversion to the point of neglecting the war effort. Winning the War must come first at all times. But we do believe that any concrete and practicable program that can be laid down before the war ends will simplif y the task a thou- ·and-fold. Your Health By Logan Gardening, M. D. TEST FOR AVIATORS A QUERY comes as to what the Schneider test is. I take the answer from a recent book Fighting Fitness--A Preliminary Training Guide, by Dr. C. Ward Crampton. An aviator must p a s s the Schneider test to enter service. A Schneider rating is frequently made on aviators and if one fails he is grounded. Major Schneider, who designed the test, worked with aviators at Mineola. He used the regular tesl of comparing pulse-rates and blooc pressures in two positions, standing and lying down. But he felt that he could get more information as to their physical condition by increasing the tests to six. The result of these gives the Schneider index, 3 points credit for each. Test I. Pulse rate lying down Most great athletes have slov pulses. Cunningham's heart rati is 45 to 48. Lie down, relax, shut the eyes The pulse is taken minute by min ute until it appears to be as slow, as it is going to get. This take about 5 minutes. The credits arc-50 to 70 equal plus 3. 70 to 80 equal plus 2. 80 to 90 equal plus ] BO to 100 equal 0. Test II. Increase of the pulse in standing. Rise and stand for 2 min utes to allow the pulse to assum a uniform rate. Count the pulse b quarter minutes. When two con secutive 15-second counts are th same multiply by 4. This give the rate of the pulse for one min ute. Compare with the pulse whi! lying down. The less the pulse in creases on standing the better Credits--II the pulse increases otil up to 10 beats equals plus 3. If i increases about 15 to 20 beal equals plus I. (And if it has bee fast while lying minus 1). Test III. StanAing pulse rate. I the pulse is slow standing mor credit is given than if it is slo while lying down. Test IV. Pulse rate after exercise. Provide a stool or chair 18'A inches high. Put the right foot on top of the chair. In 15 seconds bring the left foot up and stand on the chair, and bring it down again. Repeat every three seconds. The pulse rats is counted at the end of this exercise. Credits--In general depending on what the pulse rate was before the test an increase of 10 beats only gives a 3 plus credit. Increase of 20 beats or over usually means 2 plus credit, but if the pulse rate is over 90 to begin with, the credit is 0 on an increase of 20 beats. Test V. Return of the pulse to normal after exercise. Endurance athletes may slow the pulse rate down irom 160 to 80 in one minute after a prolonged grind. The Schneider test gives 3 plus credit if it returns to normal in 30 seconds. 2 plus if it returns in 60 seconds, 1 plus if it returns in 90 seconds. Test VI. Blood pressure record OBSERVING average wagered pari-mutuels on *ros and Cons Interesting Viewpoints From Our Exchanges 'tie Criticism of Willkie Oelwein Register: Let not the epublicans forget that Willkie ran great race against the ,champion n the last election, that he polled everal million votes OVER 20 nillion, that he has proved to be only natural leader for the arty. There are those in the G. 3. P. who have frowned on him ecause here and there an idea aralleled that of Roosevelt. There re those, foolish as it may seem, vho believe everything the pres- nt administration does is wrong, herefore any G., O. P. standard nearer that has even ONE policy hat is similar to that of the new eal must be a traitor in the re- iublican ranks. Hooey! Out ot Circulation . Oskaloosa Herald: Things you never hear about any more in- lude balancing the budget; free unch at noon; no down payment; years to pay; trade in your old ar on this year's model; eat more ce cream; 4 per cent on time deposits; for economy's sake e a t anned foods; bananas 5c a pound; regular dinner 25c. \ot Worth a Boy's Life Albert Lea Tribune: Every real American--Catholic and Protes- ant alike--will agree with the bllowing answer to the destruc- ion of the monastery at Cassino, jiven -by a veteran .of the last iVbrld war: "I never saw a single juilding over in Europe which was worth the life of a single American boy." No Slacker Wanted Fairmont Sentinel: Here's a citation for one patriotic Martin county girl. She was engaged to the young man she thought she Loved. The fellow got himself in- lo an occupation that he hopes will keep him out of the army. "Nothing doing," says the young lady. 'I'll marry a soldier, never a slacker." lowans look to the Peace Iowa Falls Citizen: Although the war is far from over, the people at home are beginning now to make sure that the sacrifices made by our men and women in the services and at home have not been in vain. Iowa residents are doing their share to see that we shall not lose the peace. Tribute to George Godfrey Clarion Monitor: George Godfrey was a big-minded man, eminently fair and impartial and possessing a keen insight into human nature, and who carried the confidence of all who knew him. One Beneficiary Anyway Manly Signal: Well these complicated income tax forms are a blessing to one class of citizens-- Is there a word which denote* all types of rubber, natural and synthetic? The term elastomer includes all. What states do not require a premarital examination before the issoint of a marriage license? . Arizona, Arkansas, Florida, Georgia, Kansas, Maryland, Minnesota, Mississippi, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Washington. When did the candy bar come Into everyday use? After the first World War. What disease is most common io mankind? Dental caries, tooth decay. Did Thomas Jefferson ever have supervision of patents? While secretary of state he was by virtue of his office keeper of the records of patents. What is the amount ol money bet on the races In Florida? The daily through the horses, dogs and jai alai is about $1,200,000. Was the son* Jeannie with the Light Brown Hair written about a real person? She is unquestionably Jane McDowell, daughter of a Pittsburgh physician, who married Stephen Collins Foster in July, 1850. Why is a road called a pike? It was first called a turnpike, another name for toll gate. What are the 4 things a man must learn to do to keep his record true, according to the poem by Henry Van Dyke? "To think . without confusion clearly; To love his fellowmcn sincerely; To act from honest motives purely; To trust in God and Heaven securely." Who was the first white child born in New York? Jean Vigne is believed to have been the first. What is the distinction between the initials U. S. N. R. and U. S. N.? The initials U. S. N. R. are used after the name of a naval officer if he is in the naval reserve. If in the regular navy, the initials U. S. N. are used. How did sardines get their name? The name was first applied to young pilchards caught off the coast of the island,of Sardinia. For Those Who Gossip relay this little sermon from Robert Quilleii to those who make a practice of relaying gossip which reflects on the character of others: "Edith is your friend. At least she has always seemed friendly, and certainly she has done you no wrong, nor has she given you any reason to feel unkindly toward her. "Yet you sip's catty listened to a gos- story about her-listened with apparent enjoyment and satisfaction, and then repeated the story as a piece of authentic news., thus malting yourself its sponsor and giving it the authority of your own reputation. "I wonder why. Did you have any motive? Were you trying to hurt Edith? Or dp girls do such things to entertain one another without thought of the consequences? In any case, I'll wager Japan's Wo«a«n Ship* see in Japan's current emphasis on the construction of wooden ships a reflection of the devastating losses suffered by her to her shipping from America's attacks by American planes, surface ships and subs. In a recent radio speech, Rya- taro Nagai, an official of the 'Wood Ships Construction Bureau," disclosed that "many ship workers, in order to save time, are now staying at the factories instead of going home after each day's work." Nagai also revealed that the Japanese government had established a new system'of "responsibility" to spur wooden ship production, setting up a number of "sectional governors," each with a specific quota to fill and each "responsible" for the output of the men working under him. This system, Nagai said, hasn't been used in Japanese shipbuilding since Japan's invasion of Korea, when it was also necessary to build a record number of ships in record that you had no thought of doing time. wrong. j The purpose of Japan's wooden One of the 10 commandments I ? hi ? Progi-tm, according to Nagai, says: 'Thou shalt not kill.' Another says: *Thou shalt not bear false witness.' There are lies of many, many kinds, yet this is the only kind expressly forbidden. And it is classed with murder. It can kill things that are as precious as life itself--a reputa- ton, a career, a friendship, justice. "Think of this when you are tempted to repeat gossip." is to build enough of these vessels to handle all transportation in home waters, thus releasing sturdier vessels of larger tonnage for "front-line service." Nagai said the wooden boats were being built in three sizes: 100 tons, 150 tons, and 250 tons. One of these days before long they're going to make wonderful targets for our American fighters. M«ittel Examination Needed wish there could be a mental examination for those drivers--you've met up with them--who step on. the gas when you try to pass them. I had dealings with one of them on South Federal avenue one afternoon recently. He pulled out from a parking space and I moved over to go around him. With a glint in his eye he pushed his throttle to the floor board and forced me to use my brake to avoid collision with an oncoming car. Then, to provide further proof that he shouldn't be driving an automobile, he turned left at the very next block without any hand signal whatever. As you'd expect, his license plate was so mud-spattered that I could not get his number. All I could see was the first 2 numbers --95. Information, Please! 1. A kookaburra is an exploding shell, a style of painting, a tropical parrot, a laughing jackass. 2. Shortening used in cooking is cornmeal, fat such as lard or butter, baking powder, soda. 3. The man who wrote "The paths of glory lead but to the grave" was William Shakespeare, Francis Bacon, Thomas Gray, Rudyard Kipling. ANSWERS--1. A laughing jackass. 2. Fat such as lard or butter. 3. Thomas Gray in his "Elegy." The Day's Bouquet To THAT BRANCH OF THE FIGHTING SERVICES KNOWN AS THE "SEABEES"--for a vastly important contribution to the war effort which Quite largely is unheralded and unsung. Their heroic performances at Tarawa and the Marshalls in the past month has drawn the admiration of the marines who preceded them by only a few hours in the invasion- ary actions. Mason City Globe-Gazette An A. W. LEE NEWSPAPEB Issued Every w«k Day by th« u» City G)ke-G*lett« Publishing C*. 181-123 East State Street Teleohom J800 Thursday March 2, 1914 LEE p. LOOMIS . . . . Faklliher W. tABL BALL . · Manailnr EllUr ENOCH A. NOKEM ... City Editor LLOYD L. GEEK . Advert l«l or; Mfr. Entered as second-class matter April 17. 1931). at the postoUice at Mason City. [o\va. tsnder the act of Marc!] 3. 1879. MEMBER ASSOCIATED PRESS. Th. AKfCciated Press U exclusively entitled to the use (or re-publication of ali news dlspatcLies credited ia It cr not oUienvlE* credited tn this paper and also the local news published herein. SUBSCRIPTION RATES Mason City and Clear Lakd by year, tiO Mason City and Clear Lake by week, 20c OutiliJe 1M Mile Zone--Per year. 110; 6 months S5.50: 3 months S3: 1 month fl. Outside MMOD City and Clear Lak* and Within 1M Mllei of Maian City IB* Ovtslde «l the Carrier DUtrlcU »f Maun City and Clear Lake: Per year by carrier $10.00 Per week by carrier 9 .20 Per year by mail 9 7.CO By mail 6 months 53.75 By mail 3 months By mail 1 month ..... ..32.00 ..J .70 lying and standing. If the pressure rises in the standing portion the test is good. If it falls bad. The Schneider test shows up excessive smoking, lack of sleep, worry--things that make for softness. LENTEN REDUCING DIET Friday. 500 calorics. Breakfast: ',i grapefruit, no sweetening: 1 slice zwciback, no butter or substitute; 1 cup coffee, no cream or suuar. ..Luncheon: 1 toasted cheese sandwich on whole wheat bread; I tomato sliced en lettuce, mineral oil dressing; 1 cup tea, no cream or sugar. Dinner: Average helping any bro;icd. baked or boiled fish, no fried fish: 2 tablespoons poached cucumbers: 1 slice dry toast; raw or stewed fruit dessert; 1 small cup coffee, no cream or sugar; (1 cup dear aoup may be added i£ desired). the manufacturers o£ headache remedies. Hitler's Cold Feet Davenport Democrat: Hitler is reported suffering from f o o t trouble. Probably feeling a slight chill in the neighborhood of his ankles. Days of Real Sport Knoxville Express: Remember the good old days v.'heii the chief pastime of the young folks was a sleigh ride and an oyster supper? Juvenile Delinquency Cherokee Times: Whatever the cause the problem is one of great concern and is deserving of serious study everywhere. Making It Simple Mankato Free Press: The way to balance the budget is to budget the balance. Our Mail Bag WHO PROFITS FROM tlQUOR? M ASON CITY--What group profits by the legalized liquor traffic? Not the drinker and his family. Not churches nor schools--not the merchants, for dollars paid for liquor cannot buy shoes, clothing nor groceries or household conveniences. Not the city, county or state, as the costs of liquor drinking in crime, accidents, loss of days' work and court expenses far surpass the revenues obtained by licenses. REMEMBER? From Globe-Gazette Files FORTY YEARS AGO Mesdames Scott, Eagley and Fred Randall were hostess to the Rathbone club Friday evening. Cinch was the diversion. Mrs. John Taylor and Charles Wallace won first and consolation prizes respectively. C. H. Gelo left this forenoon for Sheldon, accompanied by P. C. Church, where they will meet with the horsemen of that locality with the intention of organizing a local driving association similar to the organization here. George Deyoe, one of Cerro Gordo county's prominent young farmers, has purchased a farm in Hancock county and shipped his goods to [--J Britt on Saturday. THIRTY YEARS AGO "I want you to help out a little by figuring this thing over," is a request heard by County Auditor Frost coming from some farmer who has just paid his taxes, covering the year 1913, and is positively certain there must have been on error in its computation. And the increase over the last year, of from 30 to 35 per cent, is enough to make them think there is some error. The increase easily explained, however. The assessors raised all real estate 10 per cent and the state board raised it 23 per cent more. That makes the tax of a man who formerly paid §90 about $125. So they go away satisfied with the explanation but not with the size of their tax receipt. TWENTY YEARS AGO Mrs. J. W. Irons entertained 12 friends Wednesday noon at luncheon at her home, 124 4th N. W. The hostess was attired in Chinese costume and met her guests at the door. The luncheon menu consisted of Chinese food, chow mein, rice, potato chips, and each guest had a pot ,of tea. The butter plaques were formed to represent Mali Johng tiles, with the characters of the tiles, the winds and I dragons inscribed upon them. Man ' Johng was played. Jay Decker, president of the Jacob E. Decker and Sons packing Co., returned today from Chicago where he had been for several days attending to business matters. TEN YEARS AGO Mason City postal receipts for February of this year showed an increase of S362.52 in comparison with those of that month in 1933, postoffice authorities announced Friday. Dr. J. E. McDonald, coroner of Cerro Gordo county the past 3 years, Friday announced he would be a candidate for the republican nomination for re-election to the office. Clover Couplets By Ray Murray of Buffalo Center THE RED CROSS WAR FUND How much does It tnvn to you, TU? frlcntf, That where ever yenr boy may it* An organiiation will comforts lend To soften his hurts and woe. You be the judge of how much to. pay Be it only a burl.', o- rive. The traffic ALONE gets the I So » k i n d l y laiy in while or _ profits and \ve women scrimp and J'»y i"ip to keep him alive. Save to support it. Bat freely jive of your eoin. my friend, 7VfR2 ·pTTfTrtfA T \ 7 A M A!Ft^ To ° c * n eoont U as s*ln, not loss, MH. HECrli^A P.. VAA r»Wsi For ,,,,.,,. ^ylni , tl ,* e ,,, rr , MIrr , men 324 First Street S. W. When ?.. ,IT. t. tbe Kxt dm. HOLY COWS von VIEK IN KK TT.' SURVIVORS OF ONE OF THE SHIPS UE 8QUBEP.' IF THEY 6ETTHHU HMK ON US....' wai...WECAM'T CLIMB BACK U?.' SO (SET REAPV TO DROP CLEAR OF YOUR CHUTE. THEBOVSARE GOING TO B£ AWULWORRIEP ABOUT US/ ANPWE BETTER STAOT WORRYING... ABOUT WHATS UNPER THSO.OUD LAYER.' EACH HAS mVESTEO THE SAME AMOUMT OF HOMEY, sorr TUEY WAMT TO OS/IDE TUEM.SO "THAT EACH GETS AW EQUA1. SMABE OF EACH QUANTITY UOvU OO MASHED B~ BOYS i a MEDIUM siz TOO as* AWD-C-BOVS O ev-reA A.RGE POTATOES FOB voau. oo »s T ao -*au! vouru. MARCH DOWM TO THAT FACTORY AMD SEE UtJCLE OAM. HeLU.ec GLAO ID MIRE YOU.THBU'AV SRM4 ABC HESOCO ANOCNCE YOU'VE ESTASUSHK7 COKWECTlCtJS, lT VflU. BE A SIMPLE MATTER TO *MEEOLE HIM OUT TO THE. HOUSE FOB DIKJWSB.THEK)- LEAVE THE RBST IN r _ Hit C BUT, DAMUNGfTHINK 1 EL.M=B! OF MY PQID6.' I CAWT WHAT I SA7S«f DO THAT.' J\ is NO T1M« TO TALK OP PRIDE! BECAUSE 1GEE/VOURE MEN IS A ML SO WEUNSBaONCTD MILKMAIDS' LOCAL ^2- WE WtHK FO' THE DUKE OF BOVIHA AN' WE HAS "^ LA^virtn r*r* TYC nrVJ t OMtVWS TO KILL AV4V MEW 1 THATSA ' ; BREAK R3R us; .'-VeHAVENT AW SEATS FOG THE THATSOUS GOOD DEED I HAV6Nr3OrTH= HEAJJTTO USE.TI-ESE F72SST)ClcEIS--WHEN THOSE BOS CAN'r GET-IN; THESE JUST- CAME 6ACK.' GUESS THEV CCULDNT USE THEM.' MAKE IT 5NAPPY,SANY-- ANKLE TENDER YETJ -'YOU'VE GROWN AT LE»5T THE TRUSTED SERVANT Or R6CO6WZED YOMF TWO FEET TW.IER. 1 / MILORD WUST W-WHKTS THAT? ' GOAL I'M RUNlH'FOit A TOKHOOWHl UT-A D/ST1WT WHItfE IS GffOtftNG, CHAHSIHQ TO A SHARP SOUND UP IN TH£ A If? IF I KlU G£T fff TH' LASra 7ffS£ J/V Sti/PBlS fOftC DOttN IT WO£K

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