The Mason City Globe-Gazette from Mason City, Iowa on April 23, 1936 · Page 4
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April 23, 1936

The Mason City Globe-Gazette from Mason City, Iowa · Page 4

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Thursday, April 23, 1936
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MASON CITY GLOBE-GAZETTE, APRIL 23 · 1936 MASON CITY GLOBE-GAZETTE AN A. W. LEE NEW8PAPEB issued Even Ww* Day by the MASON CITY GLOBE-GAZETTE COMPANY 121-123 Bast State Street Telephone No. 380 LEE P. LOOMS w. KARL HALL ENOCH A. NOREM LLOYD L. GEEB · Publisher Managing Editor City Editor Advertising' Manager 1EEMBEK, ASSOCIATED PRESS ivJuoO ! exclusively entitle to the uso lor tmbltcatloo of .all news dispatches credited to It o not otherwise credited in tula paper, and all local news, MEMBTE, JOWA DAJLX PRESS ASSOCIATION, with Des Monies nevrs and business o'ttlcea at 405 Shops Building. SUBSOHIPTMXN KATES luon city and Clear LaUc, Mason city and clear Lute . by Uu year .'. S7.M by toe wcels S . OUTSIDE MASON CIW AND t'LKAE LAKE Per year by carrier .... $7.0u By mall 6 months _ $2 ; "Per 'week by carrier --'.. $ .15 My mail 3 months $1. Per year by mall S4.00 By mall 1 month .. 5 .6 OUTSIDE 100 MILK ZONE sPer year^.,..$6.0o Six months 53.25 Three months. ,.$1.7 HUNTING IN WRONG PLACE qiHREE well-known speakers joined hands and voice - . · in -Washington this week to launch what they ·called an "emergency peace campaign." More than a little of what was said, it occurred to us, had th ;.,marks of having been uttered with fingers crossed .;_" There was, for example, the 'contention of the firs --lady of the land in the speech prepared by her bu r delivered by another that the government under her ·: husband has been superior to the "record of our peo .i'ple" in, matters pertaining to peace and war. There "was reference to the neutrality bill, to the disanna :| ment conferences participated in by American spokes ''^ men and to the administration's "good neighbor po] ·r icy," all of which have had our editorial blessing. '· But nothing was said about the president's insis -rtence--highly laudable too, let us observe--that Unitec ~ States be prepared on land, on sea and in the air ti .~defend itself against come what may. The Roosevel i program of national defense promises to give Amer S ica the- greatest military strength we have ever hat £But not too great in the face of the world situation ·--let us add again. ·F" Mrs. Roosevelt ignored this highly important fac v?-in her impassioned sorrow over the "shirking of re- ICfiponsibility" by individual citizens. "They forget," sh X; pointed out, "that we as individuals elect the peopl r who shape those policies and we can elect others if ;,";at any time we feel our representatives fail to con =*-iorm with our desires." .While she probably did no ·"- intend so to do, the fact is that she was implanting Sin the minds of all peace at any price pacifists th i-idea of opposing her husband for re-election becaus 1 23ie is realistic about this peace and war business, . 'sr Whether the government has a better record than Sthe people certainly is debatable, with respect to the ^present situation or with respect to the whole past jpCertainly it's been the government rather than the ^people which has led us into every war America =Ehas had. Mr. Roosevelt was a governmental repre- jSTserttative in 1917-18 when as assistant secretary of .^tne navy he helped prosecute a. war against the cen- gtral powers. Our point here is. that Mrs. Roosevelt =is on extremely thin ice when -she seeks to make it that the administration,is on the side of the ^'emergency peace campaign" to the full extent of . iSthe. aims announced this week.'V ; · - . - . ' - . . . ,|£" A member of the English parliament on the same is-program Tuesday stressed the point that "Europe lives ^through one crisis after! another,"'that after each, "an [^increasing effort is made to produce more efficient ^weapons of slaughter and destruction." Then a pro- iSphecy that the next war would specialize on the "mur- ider of the enemy's-women and children more quickly -~than he can 'murder yours." And last aa admonition Sthat true Christians must with respect to war "make SLa definite decision not to have anything to do with £it, but to oppose it.in every way." He didn't, how- 2Jever, offer any assurance that the Christians in his Sown European jurisdiction, or the non-Christians of *J3.ussia and Japan, had been committed to such a 5 pledge. And that's all important. 2.. The mesaagei-of the final speaker was an apology '5 for an economics, which avoids "transforming the eco- Sjiomic competition of private traders and financiers .^into quarrels among governments." That's a "claim :rf'oft-made for socialism and communism but no place in I-; this wide world is there an "Exhibit A" to be held Sup as a clincher of the point. The remainder of this ;alk was devoted to detailing the plan of procedure: ll'tl) Pressure for peace legislation, (2) .poll of churches rfon peace and war, (3) church disavowal of war, (4) ^pledges by individuals not to participate in war, (5) ;r~relea3es to the press of the nation, etc. =r In all of it is the unbelievable assumption that ^America is the key to the : world war problem and ---that there is a quite considerable part of our people S'who dislike war less than the professional exhorters rgagainst war. The plain fact .is that America is part 'Ppf a world that still stakes its reliance in force as a igjneans ofrsettling international arguments, a world Sthat thus far has declined to; accept our many tenders feof leadership in substituting. reason for force. This 5inovement might. conceivably result in making Amer- J3ca defenseless in an armed 1 world. But as it was ^outlined at this Washington meeting, it isn't destined rto add one mite to the chance of banishing war from '5*he fa«e of the earth. ;·£- It's the best contemporary example'known to us isof hunting for the lost key where the light is rather {Sthan where the key is. BOON TO RAILROADS of the interstate commerce commission f-- ordering a nationwide 2 cent passenger fare effective June 2 wffl be a boon to the steam railroad ^companies as well as welcome to the public. i- Western railroads, already on a reduced rate, are^rejoicing over the order. They have learned the les-."son that lower passenger rates increase passenger .^travel and give opportunity to the railroads to be .^competitors for the 'traffic that bus lines and privats ;_automobiles have taken away from the railway com- ·~ Eastern roads that objected to the present order ^showed little appreciation of the conditions surround- -:ong passenger traffic. The eastern railways held their passenger traffic under the high fares more success- "Sfully than did the western roads. It is doubtful, how. -ever, if the eastern railroad companies will not in the ffong run profit fully as much as the western lines ·^through the order. '5 Railroads made a costly mistake when In 1920 they obtained an order from the interstate commerce com- onission Increasing passenger fares to 3 and 6-10 cents '.'in. mile. They won the right to charge higher rates but away their patronage. LOOK OUT BELOW * Our observation is that Iowa's capital city doesn have to have one of its own residents sitting in th governor's chair to get all it has coming--and mayb a little bit more. But the colonel must have thought there was pretty good chance of getting nominated or he wouldn have made the trip clear out here from his home in Maryland. And the discouraging part of it la that high as taxes are,' they are yielding only about half enoug to meet governmental expenditure. Votes based on patronage are very much easier tc control in primaries than in open elections. With all the advertising it has been getting this next World war had better be good. . Why call it "co-operative commonwealth" when the honest term for it is socialism? So live that your obituary writer won't have to write with crossed fingers. Simile: Popular as a tax-collector. The PROS and CONS LANDON'S HEAVIEST LIABIJJTT Christian Science Monitor: Probably the heavies loads the Landon colors have to carry in the presi dential derby are the ardent adulation of the chain of newspapers owned by William Randolph. Hears and the ill suppressed friendliness of the republican "old guard" as exemplified in the backing of forme Senator Walter F. Edge in New Jersey. It is the task of his strategists to reconcile this support with tha of the liberal and young republicans east and west Perhaps this accounts for some of' the studied si] ence of the Kansas Coolidge * * * A man ought no to be condemned because- of his backers. Indeed, the Hearst experience with Hoover and Roosevelt indi cates that he may be good at picking a winner bu not at controlling' his choice. If Governor Landon i strong enough to point out to some of his backers that they have sought him, not he them, their sup port may be no great inability. MULTIPLY--NOT DIVIDE Oelwein Register: Herbert Hoover answered Pres ident Roosevelt's campaign speech yesterday, and one of the things he said was certainly worth giving con siderable thought to. He said that instead of dividing the jobs as Roosevelt urged should be done, there should be more jobs furnished. Increase the jobs, no divide what we have, he said, and that is what we are all saying. It cannot be done unless those who are hi the business handing out jobs are able to make a little money and they cannot do that as long as we are throwing billions out unchecked each year. THE COST OF CONSISTENCY Fairmont Sentinel: The editorial page of the excellent St. Cloud Times scores the lawlessness of liquor sellers, mildly damns.the way booze is handled, says 'the country needs a great temperance revival." Then over on the other pages of the same issue the paper tself drops into the role of a liquor salesman by at- ractive advertising, well paid for. Consistency you ee costs money, and to most newspapers everything is grist that comes to its mill as advertising. WHY SPENCER STANDS OUT Bancroft Register: If the Iowa presidential possi- ility lived, at Spencer instead of. Algona, live Spea- er boosters-would be backing-him to the limit if only ecause of hometown pride,. That's the secret of Spener's growth, and the secret, too,'of the Clay county air.- Spencer citizens put Spencer first and their ersonal prejudices second. FEW UNAVOIDABLE ACCIDENTS Dubuque Telegraph-Herald: No one can say, of ourse, just how many accidents in the state last ear were beyond human control. But since only a egligible number of cars were found to have been mechanically defective, it must be assumed that care- essness, or recklessness accounts for the great ma- ority of accidents. FAVORABLE IMPRESSION Garner Leader: Garner business and professional men and women who had a chance to meet Guy Lin- ille of Cedar Rapids recently when he visited here n the interests of his campaign for nomination on he republican ticket as senator from Iowa were favorably impressed with the Linn county candidate. - PRECISION INSTRUMENT NEEDED Corvallis, Ore., Gazette-Times: A scientific instrument has been invented which will measure a millionth of an inch. This proves the old saying that necessity s the mother of invention. We had to have this in- trument to measure the progress made by a relief worker in digging a ditch. A PLACE FOR ALL FORMS Estherville News: Recently the Chicago Tribune :arried an editorial which voices an opinion held by he Daily News, that there is room in the transporta- ion world for all types of carriers and that no one :an or should try to crowd out all others. FOR INVOKING DRIVER'S LAW Boone News-Republican: An Iowa paper says that although the state has a driver's license law, not many ieople are aware of the fact That's the trouble, and lie sooner the law is made to mean something, the ewer the accidents. LOWDEN HIS FIRST CHOICE John H. Gray in the Wall Lake Blade: It looks like Lowden of Illinois will be the keynoter at the oming national convention. If I had my way about t he would be the next president.of the United States. DICK HAS STUCK TO HIS GUNS Nashua Reporter: We may be a little prejudiced, ut it looks to us like Senator Dickinson is one of he few who has at all times displayed his republicanism pure and unadulterated. TOWNSENDISM IN POLITICS Tiitonka Topic: The balance of power to elect Joe H. Allen, mayor of Des Moines, it is reported was he Townsendites who cast their votes for him at the municipal election recently. EARMARKS OF A DIRTY CRACK Fairmont Sentenel: Another dirty one in the new." Oliver Blake is home from spending the winter in Florida. This town enjoyed his vacation very much." EDITOR'S MAIL BAG IT'S CHARITY NEVERTHELESS COEUR d'ALENE, Idaho---The Apocrypha says: When one buildeth, and another pulleth down, what rofit have they then but labor?" The government's policy is to put unemployed men o work--any work, useful or useless--to save them rom the stigma of accepting the dole or charity. But the men are not cecelved. They know they are ccepting work-charity, and this weakens the fiber of jeir manhood. Real work springs from men's real eeds. Boondoggling springs from artificial needs de- rised and fostered by a political party that desires to eep in power by posing as the poor man's friend-the pose of all demagogs since time began. The ad- linistration round a rich soil for Helping the poor lan. but sowed it with weeds, it has sown the wind, and it shall reap the whirlwind. CHARLES HOOPER. DAILY SCRAP BOOK by Scott .s . .Hin!.t**J'- s . i ' ^ t j j i i j j g i B w E t -WE. WOOD Al-ONE. OF-TfiE. £VPRESS ELfULE IH SANlX MARIA '-TuLE, MEXICO, WEIGHS 604-TONS -- -fHE-rfeEE. )$ FROM 5",0001o 10,000 YEARS OLD AMT 15 CONSIDERED "fitE. OU5EST".LIYINCi ORq ANUSM OM -fJtE FACE ClAY MONEY- PorffB.Ki COINS MAN APPEARS WERE m U5E 1M ON A U.S, STAMP CJERMANV AF1ER COPYRIGHT,. 1936.. CENTRAL PRESS ASSOCIATION "fHE. WORLD WAR LEAD PENCILS IN COLONIAL DAY? WERE HOLDERS WlTfi A STRIP OF qRAPHI-T£- . qRASPEP BY A -TWEETER-LIKE CLASP DIET and HEALTH By LOGAN CLBNDBNINO, Al. V. PHYSIOLOGY OF EAR INTRICATE PHYSIOLOGICALLY the ear may be divided into L · two parts-- the external part, which picks up sound waves as waves, and the internal part, consisting of the organ of hearing, the auditory nerve ':o the brain and the cells of the brain which receive the impulses. In the first part is the external ear, which we see -- then the canal which ends in the ear drum, and the little bones of the m i d d l e ear, which transmit the vibration of the drum to the organ of hearing. Along this part of the hearing apparatus : the transmission has been entirely by the sound wave, which, like any ordinary sound wave, is a vibration in the air; Prom here on it takes' on the nature of a vibration in fluid, as well as a nervous impulse. . The sensory organ of hearing -Ur. Uendemnf Q j - a n O f Corti -- is a sensory nd-organ, just like the buds of feeling in your finger- ips, only far more complicated. It has been compared o a piano board in which every note has an appro- riate separate nerve cell. All of these cells are bathed n a delicate fluid. What .happens . between here and the place whure the sound is recorded in the brain is entirely beyond ur means of comprehension. There is some sort of _nergy:set in play just as there is in a radio between he microphone in New York and the receiving set in xs' Angeles. These are not sound waves. They go much too fast for sound waves, even if sound waves did not die out from inertia. I do not know whether anybody understands the radio wave, but I know that ; do not understand the hearing wave that 4joes from :he organ of Corti along the auditory nerve to the irain. I have heard of an experiment in which the audi- ;6ry nerve in an animal was exposed, connected with an electrical transmitter, and carried to an amplifier a a room 60 feet away. Sounds made in the animal's ear could be heard plainly in this far room, and even differences in the tone of two different voices could e -distinguished. The organ of Corti makes the differentiation; the brain is only needed for interpretation. The mechanical arrangement of the external ear is apparently awkward that it is surprising we are able to hear at all. Sound must enter a small tortuous anal, , be loud enough to vibrate a thick membrane and move three bones in unison, and is then transmitted into a totally different form of energy. That ne can stand in a quiet room with a bare floor and tear a pin drop is more of a miracle than the average teacher has any conception of. In the problem of deafness it is always true that difficulties' in the external part of the hearing me- hanism are not nearly so serious as those of the nervous control. ALL OF US By DIABSHAX.I. MASLW WHY THE VAN DYKES? tEEMS TO ME I see more and more men ·wearing Van Dyke beards these days. You know what a Van Dyke is. If you don't, ask omebody and he won't be able to explain in words, ut he'll make a descriptive gesture at his upper lip nd chin It's a combination moustache and beard hat isn't long enough to protect the face from th» old winds and isn't wide enough to make shaving unnecessary. And nearly every day I see some man wearing ne of the things. Some man who never had that kind f beard before and proves it by the self-conscious way he wears it He's wearing a Van Dyke and e knows you're looking at it It's a nuisance, ut he's sort of proud of it He looks at you alf defiantly as though he were thinking: "Well, if ou don't like it just try to grow one HALF as fine! Sometimes there's a woman at his side--and 1 wonder if SHE had anything to do with his growing that beard Did she say to him: "Tom, I think ou would look fine in a Van Dyke beard. You're ot doing much these days, why don't you spend a ew days growing a Van Dyke?" Does he snort and growl and then think it over- and decide that aft- r all he MIGHT see how he'll look in a Van Dyke? now that it's ON his face what are his present thoughts and feelings? Perhaps it's a dark and malicious plot on the part f the women. Perhaps four or five of them got to- ether and said: "The men are always laughing at what we women do, now we fix our hair, how we ress. Let's try to get all the men to wearing Van 3yke beards--and wnen they do it we'll all laugh at hem and tell them their beards are OUR joke ON HEM." Some joke! EARLIER DAYS FHOM GLOBE-GAZETTE FILES Thirty Years Ago-Mrs. J. c. Stoddard left today for McGregor where she will visit for a few days with relatives. Mrs. G. W. Deertz left today for Winona, Minn., for a visit with relatives. Sheriff Holdren and Chief of Police Goodwin have returned from Marshalltown where they yesterday identified the men who were captured there for opening the safe of the Marshall Vinegar company as the same gang which last winter cracked four safes in one night here. Mrs. Nesmith of Wyoming is in the city for a visit with relatives. Supt P. O. Cole left today for Charles City to attend a meeting of the Big Seven .Teachers association of .northeastern-Iowa which convened there today. Twenty Years Ago--. · . · . Frank -W.; Senneff of Britt was- in the' city on business yesterday. : ' . - . . Mr. and Mrs. O. K. Maben of Forest City were in the city yesterday on a business trip. John E. Boyd of Crpokston, Minn., was in the city on business yesterday. Val Harn of Iowa City is in the city visiting with friends. Arthur Beckel, a student at the University of Minnesota, is home for a week's vacation. J. C. Melson has returned from a few weeks' trip to the Pacific coast. Managers of the Regent, Bijou and Cecil theaters were each fined S5 and costs today for keeping their amusement places open on Sunday. Ten Years Ago-"Abie's Irish Rose," one of the most successful road shows of today, was shown at the Cecil theater last night before a capacity house. Other features at local theaters,, all movies, are: "Rainbow Trail," with Tom Mix, at Star theater; "When Husbands Flirt," with Dorothy Revier, at Bijou; "For Heaven's Sake," with Harold Lloyd, at Palace, and "What Happened to Jones," with Reginald Denny, beginning at the Cecil, today. Vilas H. Whaley of Racine, Wis., Wisconsin department commander of the American Legion, addressed several hundred Legionnaires at the armory last night. A change of. management whereby the Beck Brothers become officers of the company and G. R. Hayden is president was made today in the Cobb House Furnishing company. James Killian of Cedar Rapidg was in the city on business today. TOMORROW APKn, 54 By CLABK BJXXAJRD Notable Births--Dave H. Morris, b. 1872, TJ. S. minister to Belgium Tony Sarg. b. 1882^ famed caricaturist and marionette-maker..... .Dr. Clarence True Wilson, b. 1872, professional reformer Leslie Stainer, known as Leslie Howard, b. 1893, playwright and actor Temuchin, son of Yesukai Bahadur, b. 1162 near the northern bend of the Hoang- ho river, in Mongolia.- He was only 13 when he ascended his father's throne and announced with youthful confidence his intention of conquering the entire world. He did in 20 years become master of all Asia and eastern Europe, destroying--it is estimated --in his wars and expeditions at least 5,000,000 lives. History knows him by the name he gave himself Genghis Khan ("greatest of kings".) April 24, 1702--"Chant de I'Apree der Rhin" was composed by Capt. Claude Joseph Rouget de Lisle, young officer in the French engineer corps, as a hymn for a royalist celebration at Strasbourg. It became L'Marseillaise, French revolutionary battle hymn and national anthem. De Lisle was hunted by revolutionists and starving while they marched to the strains of his song! It is related he heard it with a shudder as he fled through the Alps. "What is the name of that hymn?" he asked his guide. "The Marseillaise," was the peasant's reply. It was then that de Lisle heard the name of his own work, given it because it had been the marching song of the rabble from Marseille which attacked the Tuileries and deposed the king. . Later his mother wrote him reproachfully: "What s this revolutionary song which is sung about France by a horde of robbers, and with which your name is connected?" ONE MINUTE PULPIT--The light of the body Is the eye: therefore when thine eye is single, thy whole body also Is full of light; but when thine eye is evil, thy body also is full of darkness.--St. Luke 11:34. OBSERVING ;SiffTM£ WHAT ARK IOWA'S 10 MOST WORTHWHILE SPOTS? ^-^ wish readers of this depart- (Bfe merit would send me their »§]?'"' idea of' what constitutes the 10 most worthwmie spots in Iowa, considered from the standpoint of either scenic loveliness or historic significance. A writer in the Chicago Tribune two or three Sundays ago presented "the 10 greatest scenic spectacles on earth" and the travel page of that publication has been deluged with other contributions along the same line. Here is a typical list of nominations: 1. Kaurehenjunffa as viewed from IMrjcel- Inr. at sunrfoe. 2. Kilnueu In Ml eruption. 3. The Taj Mahal by mcwnlUhl. 4. The Acropolis nnd the sea from the Ljcabcttui hill. Athens. 5. Angkor \Vnl. cambodln, by moonllrjit. 6. The Alnumlira, Grnnuilii, from the hill of San Ktcvlss «t sunset. 7. Luxor temitlu unit tlic Nile ut su»»et. 8. Tlir New York skyline as viewed from' the hrbor. 9. Fujiyama from' Long Tall pass. 10. The Great Wnll of China from Bright Dragon pass. Here's another that's confined to America: 1. The Grand canyon. J. Mnucne lake. Jasper, Cunadu. 3. The Columbia claclpr, Alaska, with lce~ rjjs breskfnf into the bay from Its 'MO foot null. 4. Carlsbad cavern, 3. si. Mary lake at Going-to-tlie-Sun, Glacier. 6. Slatara falls. 7. The view of the new San Francisco bay bridge from the ferry-. 8. The Giant forest, Sciiuola. 9. Bens lake and Mount Ibb*on, Canada. 10- Gunslght lake and mountain. Glacier, with the mountain's stripes of color and .Its laceworlc of crazy cascades. But, to start with at least, let's confine our consideration to Iowa. What 10 places in Iowa would.be most worth a motorist's time and attention? --o-14 COPIES OF SAME LETTER RECEIVED Bg^ have before me -a letter ad- Sg£ dressed to the "telephone 3?" operator" of a certain Insurance company. It's one of 14 identical letters which reached her in the same mail from a Chicago SUk company. In it she is promised a pair of 'beautiful silk hose absolutely free" f she will send the names of 15 friends who might be interested in playing disloyal to their home town nerchant. But that's another matter. What I set about to comment on here is the amazingly large amount zf ammunition used to hit one single rospect--and not such a hopeful one at that. CHRISTIANITY APPLIED TO DRIVING AN AUTO am told that this "Prayer for Motorists," has been printed and circulated by the tens of thousands by Trinity church of New York City: "Gnutt me a steady hand and · watchful eye. That no man siaU PC hurl n-tieo I paaa by. Ttiou slyest life, nnd I prny no act of mine May take away or mar that gift of Thine. Shelter those, dear Lord, bear me company, Krum the evils of fire and all calamity. Teach me to use my car for others' need, 'or mlsK through love of speed · The beauties of thy world; that thus I may With joy and courtesy go on my way." --O-- : A QUEER CREATURE INDEED IS MAN! *···» have been led 'to reflect on , SSSj the inconsistency inherent in vS?^ human nature . by the nation's reaction to the imprisoned miners in Nova Scotia. Americans have virtually lived by their newspaper and radio to learn the latest news about three (3) men unknown to the world until they were thrust into the public eye by this drama. "What's tie latest news on the trapped miners?" was a query which reached the Globe-Gazette several hundred times. Some were so interested that they made special trips to the office to watch the Associated Press .dispatches coming in on the news room teletype machine. The situation was 'reminiscent of Floyd Collins in the Kentucky cave a dozen years ago. '. "But what's inconsistent about this?" you'll doubtless 'ask. Just this: Next Sunday at least 200 persons are going to lose their lives on the highways of America. It can be predicted -with absolute certainty. That's an appalling fact. But is the average person much disturbed about it ? Not so that you can notice it. We stir ourselves only when it comes to our own family or, o.t least, to our own neighborhood. ; "But there was the element of suspense in the Nova Scotia mine case," some will say. "Highway killings are just mass murder or suicide." Maybe so. But there's an element of suspense about the road slaughter if we chose to think of it in those terms. Statistics tell us that one child out of every five in America today is destined either to meet death or serious maiming as motorist or pedestrian. , , . Aiiswtrs to By FKEnERlO 1. HASKIN PLEASE NOTE--A reader can get *he answer to any question of fact by wrlttac the Magon City Globe-Gazette's Information Bureau. Frederic J. Haskln, Director, Washington, B. C. PIea.se send three 3 cents postage for reply. What is done with money collected as admission fees (luring Garden week in Virginia? K. G. The Garden club of Virginia uses the proceeds for restoration of famous publicly owned historic gardens. List children in Our Gung comedies? K. B. Now under contract: George Robert Phillips McFarland (Spanky), just 7; Darla (Baby Doll) Hood, 4; Carl (Alfalfa) Switzer, - 7; Billie (Buckwheat) Thomas, 4; Eugene (Porky) Lee, about 28 months old; and Patty Doris (Baby Patsy) May, 2. Who founded the Sailors' Snug harbor? R. H. Capt. Robert Richard Randall established Snug Harbor for worn-out sailors. Opened Aug. 1, 1833. · How far from the eyes should a book or newspaper be held? C. W. The Public Health service .says the normal distance is 12 to 14 inches. The printed surface should be leld so the plane of the line of vision is perpendicular to it What does it cost to feed all dogs in U. S.? T. F. Daily estimated at 51,500,000. Why have cashew nuts become so much more generally used here in the last 10 or 12 years? M. H. Until 1923 cashew nuts .were considered among the most risky 'oods to ship because so often at- acked by vermin. In that year ship- ters adopted the process of replacing part of the air in packing cans with carbon dioxide or some other inert gas. This makes such a difference in keeping the kernels that the mports increased from some 100,00 pounds in 1923 to 4,000,000 pounds in 1930 and 15.000,000 rounds in 1934. Tell of fire walkers in Bulgaria. E. M. The fire festival is held annually May 21 at the feast of Saints Helena and Constautine. The perfonn- ra, mostly women and girls, are «iown as Nastinarki. As the wood lurns into embers the Nastinarki lance barefooted around the pits until they fall exhausted by the ires. They rise and in an ecstatic state, dance over the burning pits. How many pounds of food does a Derson eat in one year? i. J. The public health service says hat, depending of course on the economic level, the age and health if the individual, and other factors, the normal intake of food a year raries between 622 and 1,712 pounds i person. How tall is the walling null in rerusalem? C. P. It is 59 feet high, 156 long. What is the difference between a sonata and a sonatina? P. B. A sonatina follows the sonata orm but is simplified. When was the Frontier nursing service organised? L. H. In 1925. Since then, its doctors and nurso-midwives have delivered more than 2,400 women in child- birth, given nursing and medical care to more than 12,500 people and given more than 82,000 inocluations against communicable diseases. What were the last words of King; George V? M. B. The king called for his secretary to whom he murmured, "How is the empire?" How is Eece Homo pronounced? S. E. As though .spelled ek se ho mo. The first e is Short, second e is long; and both o's are long. What Is average size of farms in U. S.? M. E. There are 6,288,648 farms. They cover an acreage of 986,771,016, or 156.9 acres a farm. Is Sun Beau, the horse which holds the world's record for money won in races, still living? Id. S. Sun Beau is living. He is in the stud at a breeding farm in the Shenandoah valley, Virginia. What are the Big Ten of farm crops? E. H. Cotton, wheat, truck crops, tobacco, fruits, nuts, potatoes, corn, hay and forest products are hated as most valuable. Why are sickle pears so named? E. S. Originally Seckel, for a man m Philadelphia, who had the first tree bearing this small reddish-brown pear. Who first culled the versa of Scripture, the Golden Rule? SL A. Not known. The appellation has existed from a very early period and is found in the English language as early as 1674. For Home Canners The Globe-Gazette offers a 48 page booklet containing more than 100 tested recipes for home canning and preserving. Sections on fruits, vegetables, meats and chicken; Tells how to maJce fine jellies, jams, marmalades, fruit butters and pickles; how to bottle fruit juices and salt down fresh vegetables. The berry season is approaching. New fruits and vegetables will be coming into the market every week. Order your copy of this aid to household economy today. Inclose 10 cents to cover cost, postage and handling. Use coupon. The Mason City Globe-Gazette Information bureau, Frederic J. .Haskin, director, Washington, D. C. I inclose 10 cents in coin (carefully wrapped) for the booklet, "Canning and Preserving." Name Street City State (Mail to Washington, D. C.)

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