The Mason City Globe-Gazette from Mason City, Iowa on January 17, 1945 · Page 1
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January 17, 1945

The Mason City Globe-Gazette from Mason City, Iowa · Page 1

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Wednesday, January 17, 1945
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NORTH lOWA'J, DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME 1945 "THE NEWSPArEK THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS" I VOL. LI AIM tad Untied Fran CuU low! Wra* (fiv* Cent* · Copyl MASON CHT. IOWA, WEDNESDAY, JANCAMT 17. 1945 Thl» Papet Coexist* at Two Section*--Section On NO. 86 ANNOUNCE LIBERATION OF WARSAW Sixth Army Merges to Sweep Toward Manila EXPECT TO TAKE TARLAC EASILY . Lack of Bridges Causes Speeding Yanks Trouble General MacArthur's Headquarters, Imon, (U.E)--Two strong sixth army column have merged near Paniqui, 36 miles inland, and are sweeping south across the Luzon plains toward Tarlac and Manila virtually unopposed, a front dispatch said Wednesday.^ Tarlac,- a provincial capital and strategic, communications hub only 12 miles south of Paniqui, was expected to fall without a fight and speculation was growing the Japanese'might not even attempt a strong defense of Manila. 65 miles farther south. H. D. Outer, United Press war correspondent with forces on the . Luzon plain, said the two columns joined forces near Paniqui after advancing- from Moncada. four and a Half miles to the north, and Camiling, 11 miles to west northwest. Lack of bridges was causing more difficulty than enemy opposition in the frontal advance on -Tarlac, Qiugg said. He said' 'the Americans may use. the roadbec of the narrow-gauge railway run- 'rning from Moncada as the roadbed for a new highway to Manila ; Five highways merge at Tariac arid its capture - would put the ! 'Americans only 20 miles from the g«;eat Clark field air center and almost half way from the.Un- gayeri gulf to. Manila bay. ThougH there was. no sign Bad Weather Continues on Italian Front Rome, (U.R) -- Indian t r o o p s , ghting their way out of an am- ush at the west flank of the 8th rmy, killed 10 Germans and cap- ured 10 more in the day's biggest ction on the Italian front, head- uarters said Wednesday. A communique reported active atrolling on both the 8th and 5th irmy fronts despite poor visibility. An American patrol of the 5th rmy probed enemy positions di- ectly south of Bologna but was orced to fall back under intense nemy fire. Bad weather curtailed auf oper- tions. . -Japanese, preparations ' . stani ·a ijbrth' pf/.Manfla,; the enemy wa ·£· offering.' stiib^Tesjstaneg.iand;.eyen - tack at the noHHeaSteTn'-'cbrner^o .--; the bridgehead. : Francis McCarthy, United. Press war correspondent in :the north eastern sector, said enemy rests tance was stiffening steadily in th area and there appeared L'ttl doubt that tbe Japanese woul make a last-ditch stand to retain control of the road running from Damortis en the southeast coas of the Gulf of Ungayen to th summer capital of Bagnio, 1 miles to the northeast Brisk fighting was raging les than 1,400 yards east of Damorti he said, but the Americans wer killing at least six Japanese to ev ery Yank lost in the northern sec tor. . ' · (A Japanese Domei dispatc said American convoys, consistin of 50 transports with escorts cruisers and destroyers, had bee attacked heavily by Japanes planes south of Negros Island i the central Philippines.) Most enemy troops encountere · in the frontal advance have bee of poor quality, largely from la bor battalions, and a considerab ·?. .1* V -i- -p. 3(S " :£; B-29'S STRIKE JAP FORMOSA IN DAY RAID Carrier Planes May Have Continued Assault of South China Coast Pearl Harbor, (U.R)--B-29 Super- ortresses bombed military instal- ations on Formosa in daylight Wednesday after carrier planes wrecked at least 30 and perhaps .00 or more Japanese ships off that island bastion and the China lumber surrendered. None offered any organized resistance. Casualties on both sides have been very Tight, the Americans lumbering only a few hundred [espite the stiff Japanese resis- ance at the northeast corner of he beachhead. Tbe Japanese appeared to be hoarding their main orces in northern Luzon aiic smaller numbers in the southern lart of the* island until they can e used to best advantage. In-addition to driving south from Camiling, the Americans also were advancing east toward Moncada in an effort to form a solic 12-mile front. Moncada lies 32 miles inland from' the Lmgayen gulf beachhead. American patrols were revealei. :o be operating in the Cabaruan lills which, though only 100 to 15 [eetjtaU,'.command'the surround ing rice arid "cane fields.- Japanese inortars 'and snipers emplacedl ii the; tiflls had .fired- on the advanc iiag. Americans.-'o'·? -*·· -XVj-ir^ "·- ·' "At·'· the northeastern corner p the beachhead, othrr forces re pulsed the enemy's first 'tan: counter-attack Sunday night an pressed on to within 3,000 yard of Fozorrnbio, 9'/i miles east o San Fabian. Three Japanese tanks were destroyed and the remainde fled. Farther north, troops opened an envelopment drive against enemy forces in the Bosario area. One unit east of the coastal town of Damortis, 8 miles north of San Fabian, cut the main road in the enemy's rear 3 miles west of Rosario. Heavy fighting continued. American forces 5 miles south of Pozorrubio cut Luzon's principal north-south highway for a 2nd time at Binalonan. The highway previously had been severed at Urdaneta, 5 miles farther south. coast in a 3 day assault. Report Total of 686,380, Combat Losses · Washington, (U.R)--U. S. combat losses thus far in this war have been more than 2V? times the total number of American casualties in the last war, a study of official statistics disclosed Wednesday. All-service casualties in World war II, as officially announced here, have reached 686,38(P=including 604,351 for the army and 82,029 for the navy, marine corps and coast guard--as compared with a grand total of 259,735 for World war I. The last war's total included 248,653 for the army and 11,082 for the other services. The totals cover about 3GV5 months of V. S, participation in this war and 19 months in the last. That this is the costlier conflict not alone because it is lasting longer is indicated by a comparison of monthly casualty rates. In this war the rate figures out at 18,805 a month. In World war I it was 13,670. Millions more men are lighting in this war than in the last one. Although the casualty totals are much higher, the ratio among It was possible that planes of army troops overseas is the same Admiral William F. Halsey's 3rd leet extended their attacks on the I Formosa China coast area into a 4th day in conjunction with the B-29 raid. Both Superfortresses and carrier planes attacked Formosa last Sunday and on Jan. 9. A brief war department announcement in Washington disclosed the latest Superfortress strike mounted by Maj. Gen. Curtis Le May's 20th bomber command from bases in China. Though no details were available immediately, it was likely the B-29's struck at airfields, supply dumps and similar military targets. First reports from the 3rd fleet covered only preliminary results of the 2nd and 3rd days--Monday and Tuesday (Japanese time)--of the carrier-based assault on Formosa and the China coast, where targets included Hong Kong, Canton, and'Swatow. v ··.V: 1 . :" : · ;. On Monday, a Pacific fleet eom- mnniqrie said, the nav; flyers-sauJc tons EXTKA VACATION Montrose, Colo., (IP)--Fifty-four pupils of the Riverside schooi, near Montrose, are the happy recipients of a 2-weeks vacation. Their schoolhouse burned down. luimi^nc.aatiuj uic-JUfrYJ 9: ships totaling' aboiit and damaged 9: other ships and. 9 small vessels. ._ ; '.',-""'-·' '';..-,.." · \ Another 82,000 "tons" bf'shipping was sunk or damaged Tuesday, including the 17,000 ton tanker Kamoi, last seen listing, and 2 oilers set afire, the communique said. Though only 30 ships were identified specifically in the commu- lique, the large toll of tonnage isted forY Tuesday indicated the lumber of ships hit during the 48 lour period actually totalled be- ween 60 and 70. Observers believed that when igures are received for Sunday, he 1st day of the attack, the otal number of ships hit may exceed 100. . Eightyrseven planes were de- itroyed or damaged Monday and Tuesday. Twenty-three were shot down, 19 destroyed on the ground and 45 damaged on the ground. Ground installations also were nit heavily. Warehouses, docks and 7 locomotives were destroyed at Takao, Formosa, while build- ngs, ammunition dumps and other installations were destroyed or damaged at Pratas reef, southeast -- 12 casualties out o£ every 100 men. Soldiers now overseas number about 5,000,000 as compared with 2,086,000 at the end of World war I. The sharpest increase over the last war was reflected by navy statistics showing losses in that branch to be nearly 1\'» times those suffered in 11)17-18. The army's World war II total includes 564,351 announced by Secretary o£ War Henry L. Stim T son last Thursday through Dec. 29 -- but not including losses in the Germans' Ardennes counter-offensive -- plus 40,000 which Stimson announced Monday for the Ardennes from Dec. 15 to Jan. 7. Stimson said 18,000 of the 40,000 were missing, but he did not break down the remaining 22,000 between killed and wounded. The navy total used here for this war was released last Wednesday night. The World war I figures are from ; official:-. war FIJI FIGHTERS REACH SEA--Ending a 5-day march, 3 advance scouts of the Fiji regiment attached to the U. S. marines reach Bougainville's western beach. British Troops Enter Dieteren Near Border WHERE YANKS EXPAND BEACHHEAD--Broadening their Luzon beachhead, U. S. 6th army troops have driven to near Alaminos on the west and through Damortis on the east, Genera] MacArthur has reported. Pushing inland, other Yanks took Mangatarem, crossed the Agno river at Bayambang, and approached Catablan. Broken line is the aoproximate battle front. ijartment announcements. . 5 A breakdown of .casualties' for bo thTwarsv not ^including the ; 49,.000 estimate ' f o r , the Ardennes, shows: · T · This war-- 138,393 killed, 370,647 wounded, 73,594 missing and 63,746 prisoners of war. Last war-- 53,878 dead, 201,377 wounded, and 4,480 prisoners. The breakdown for the army and navy, still not including the 10,000 Ardennes casualties, shows: YANKS NEARER TOST, VITH Third Army Tanks Trap Troops Near Butzdorf Paris, (IP) .-- Bayonet-wielding' Britons . of ._. trie ··" 2nd '. -: army ', drove World war II-Army--105,952 killed, 333,849 wounded, 64,283 missing, and 59,267 prisoners of war. Navy--31,441 k i l l e d , 36,798 wounded, 9,311 missing, and 4,479 prisoners of war. of Hong Kong, Monday. The royal navy and Taikoo docks at Hong Kong, among the most valuable installations captured by the Japanese in their southward drive early in the war, were damaged heavily Tuesday, along with harbor facilities and fuel storage areas at both Hong Kong and nearby Canton. The raid was the 1st carrier- borne strike against Canton, 90 miles ^upstream from Hong Kong and the largest city in south China. Swatow, 175 miles northeast of Hong Kong, also was hit, World war I-Army---50,510 killed, 193,663 wounded, and 1,480 prisoners of war. Navy--3,368 wounded. killed and 7,714 No navy or coast guard personnel were reported capture* in the last war, and any marine corps prisoners, for which there are no official figures, are believed to be included in the army total. Persons originally listed as missing in World war I have long since been transferred to other categories. Heavy as this war's American casualties have been, they still are far below British empire losses. Prime Minister Winston Churchill reported in commons on Tuesday that empire combat casualties from September, 1939. to last Nov. 30 amounted to 1,043.534. Of this total. 635,107 were United Kingdom losses. of 'Dietere'n; : betwett' the Maas (Meuse) and Hoer rivers 23 miles above Aachen, in, advances up to 1,000 yards in a resumption' of Gen. Eisenhowers winter offensive. The rested troops crossed the little Roode river at 2 places and pushed steadily on over glassy roads and snow drifted farmlands on the fringe of Germany. The attack was aimed at straightening the allied line to the upper Hoer, whose west bank is held by the U. S. 9th army from Linnich to Schmidt. The TJ. S. 1st army, further reducing the Belgian bulge, drove to within 5 miles of St. Vith, last major road center 'which the Germans held in the salient. Inside Germany to the south, ah undisclosed number ' of enemy troops were trapped near cnp- lurcd Butzdorf by 3rd army tanks The British forces progressed in an icy ground haze. Their attack, 'started with a massive artillery barrage -- Fielc Marshal Montgomery's military trademark -- apparently caught the Germans napping. The Tommies captured at leasi one bridge over the Roode intoc as they advanced, ghostly in white capes, through a relatively soft spo in German defenses. British divisions in the attack had not beei engaged in the batllc of the Bel- gian bulge, now reduced to about fourth its original size. The little Dutch town of Die- *ren Is 2 miles from the German rentier and 6 north of Sittard. Che British appeared to be driv- ng toward, the Koer river on the eft .flank of the U. S. 9th army which guard its banks from Linnich to Schmidt. The fog which shrouded the attack . o f ' infantry "arid "tanks also slowed ;the' pfbgresi'7of · tfie British,. who ' could ,hardly : see "· their buddies f along -th e : ; assault -line. Roads, were glazed with ice an'd sleet Wednesday morning kept them slippery. Underneath all were massive German mine fields, planted during 3 months of lull. The attack presumably was intended to straighten out a German wedge into allied lines, it was backed up overnight by intruder air raids on German billet areas in the towns of Wassemburg and Wegberg just east of the Roer. ' To the south, the German salient in the Ardennes was flattened back until nowhere was it more than 15 miles deep. The V. S. 1st army was battering relentlessly down from the north toward St. Vith, last main road gate back to the Siegfried, line. A few German snipers were being hunted down in the rains of fallen Houffalize. In the Maginot line battle north of the Haguenau forest, the U. S 7th army had withstood 3 days o: an .increasingly powerful German attack against the village of Hatten and- was slowly beating the nazis back from the town. Thrett- fourlhs of it was in allied hands some 2,200 Germans with flame- throwing tanks were in the other fourth. Buy your War B o n d s and Stamps from your Globe-Gazette FDR Renews Demand for Service Act Washington, ()--¥ r e s i d e n t Rooseyelt, renewing his_demand lor national service legislation told congress Wednesday "it is vital'that total bffensershbuld not slacken." v -". - ·"-···'.'r-..;'. ·'.·:; ',;'·'· ^ : Mr. Roosevelt' accompanied his letter with 1 from top army and navy chiefs disclosing that personnel losses sustained by the army in the past 2 months have "taxed the replacement E3 r stem to the breaking point." Mr. Roosevelt asked for speedy action, he said, "so that news may go to our lighting men that they can go all out with confidence that they cannot exhaust the supplies we are sending them and that information may come to our enemies that there will be no slackening of our total offense until they lay down their arms." "The urgent need of this legislation has not lessened, but has increased since the sending of my message," he said. While there has been a trend in the last 2 weeks toward increased manpower placement, he acknowledged, there is danger that it may be reversed by reports that congressional action is likely to be delayed. The measure pending in the house military committct is not a complete national service law, Mr. Roosevelt wrote, but it will go far to secure effective employment in the war effort of all selective service registrants 18 to 45. Fur- POLISH RADIO SAYS RUSSIANS TAKE KRAKOW Reds Admit Capture of Warsaw; Claim New Drives in Poland L o n d o n , VPj--Russian troops captured ravaged Warsaw Wednesday in a pincers clamping in from north and south, and a 3rd g r e a t breakthrough offensive a b o v e - t h e liberated capital has smashed forward 25 miles on a G3 mile front, Premier Marshal S t a l i n announced Wednesday night. The newly-disclosed push is the 3rd distinct phase of Stalin's gigantic winter offensive in Poland. Berlin declared another pile- driver push has slammed into East Prussia, that other Russians are advancing in Slovakia arid that yet other forces in southern Poland had reached Czestochowa, only 15 miles Irora German Silesia. The Polish provisional government at Lublin--which 1st announced the fall of Warsaw--said in a broadcast heard by the FCC that Krakow, seat of the German military government general in Poland a n d ancient Polish seat guarding the Silesian arsenal, also had fallen. Warsaw, the first European capital taken by the Germans in his war, was toppled by Marshal Gregory K. Zhukov's powerful offensive beating up from the south, and then .swirling behind the city, slicing escape roads to the west. His troops closed in from both directions, in concert with forces which forced the Vistula north of Warsaw. The city's fall was announced by Marshal Josef Stalin in an order of the day. Jumping; off Sunday from 2 bridgeheads west of ; the river above Warsaw, the 3rd treat winter- offensive--under -Marshal- Konstantin K. Rokossovsky battered ahead 25. miles: through strongly . echeloned German de- carrier boy. though details nounced. were not an- Navy Embarrassed--It Was Gen. MacArthur Washington, (U.PJ--The war department, in a "memorandum to the press," Wednesday told of the embarrassment of a group of crewmen from a navy attack cargo ship' who served as a shore party directing unloading operations at a Leyte beachhead. A signalman whose job was to keep the sector clear of other craft saw a small landing craft approaching. "Get that boat out of here," he shouted. The ship continued toward the beach. It struck bottom 15 yards from the shoreline. An army lieutenant's head appeared over the ramp. "Send a 'duck' out to pick us up," he called. The assistant b e a c h m a s t e r shouted back in a truculent tone: "Walk in. The water's fine." The l a n d i n g craft's^ ramp dropped. The first man to jump into the waist-deep surf, was Gen. Douglas MacArthur, supreme allied commander in the southwest Pacific. , TRUCK KILLS IOWAN Shenandoah, (IP)--John Larson, retired Burlington route bridge- man, died Monday of a skull fracture suffered last week when struck by a truck. Weather Report FORECAST Mason City: Mostly cloudy Wednesday night and Thursday with occasional light sntnv. No decided change · in temperature. Lowest about 20 at Mason City. Fresh winds. Iowa: Cloudy with occasional light snow Wednesday night and in east and south portions Thursday. Not so cold in east and central portions Wednesday night. Slightly warmer T h u r s d a y . Fresh winds. Minnesota: Cloudy with light snow Wednesday night and east portion Thursday. Slightly wanner and fresh winds. IN MASON CITY Globe-Gazette weather statistics: Maximum Tuesday 20 At 8 a. m. Wednesday 20 Precipitation Trace Snow Trace YEAR AGO: Maximum 40 Minimum 10 NEW GERMAN DEFENSE POINTS THREATENED-Arrows show allied drives against the "Belgian bulge" where Germans were reported trying tceet up a defense line based on St. Vith, Houffalize and Wiltz. The U. S. 1st army captured Houffalize and came within a few miles of St. Vith. Allied forces from north and south made contact ·west of Houffalize, lopping off a small segment of the German salient, but only stragglers and a few suicide squads remained in the severed portion. Broken line is front. Shaded areas have been recaptured. fenses, sweeping up more' ~ 500 communities, Stalin announced in a 2nd order of the day. . ' The great drive below Warsaw through Poland meanwhile had carried soviet vanguards within 27 miles of German Silesia, rich in coal and steel, Moscow dispatches said. Berlin declared the soviet blows in southern and central Poland had not yet reached a peak. Warsaw fell to the Germans Sept. 27, 1939, after a 20-day siege which left the city in ruins. But despite crushing gestapo methods and a huge Ghetto dooming untold thousands of Jews, underground resistance never flagged through five years of occupation. At the end of last July a soviet offensive battered to the Vistula at the edge of Warsaw, and the underground under Gen. Tadeusz Konioroivski (Bor) rose asainsl tlie Germans in full-scale battle. But their fisht became a tragic slaughter. The Russians were stopped in the. suburbs, and the underground r e s i s t a n c e was broken Oct. 3 after a 6 day battle. They had taken heavy toll of Germans, but an eyewitness who escaped said 250,000 Poles died in the uprising. By Jan. 15, it was estimated . . . , . that 770,000 of Warsaw's 1,300,000 hermorc, he said, prompt action inhabitants had- been killed, and s more important than perfecting , hal f u l l y 75 per cenl o[ thc s details. Mr. Roosevelt was asked at his news conference Tuesday about opposition expressed by CIO President Philip Murray to compulsory manpower legislation. The president inquired whether Murray had an alternative. He was told that this alternative involved a better use of voluntary methods. Mr. Roosevelt replied with firmness that he didn't think that would bring results. He said that he would transmit report from army' and navy heads, along with a few words of his own. While Mr. Roosevelt did not go into details, May predicted he would back his pending bill to penalize men in the IK to 45 age group who xvon't take war jobs. The May bill provides for induction into army work units of recalcitrant draft registrants.Com- mittee sentiment, however, favors fining them up to $10,000 and putting them in prison for as long as 5 years. May said the president would leave the penal details to congress. May declined to discuss details of what General George C. Marshall and Admiral Ernest J. King, heads of ihe army and navy, told lawmakers at the white house Tuesday. But he said it had convinced them that action was necessary and that expanded operations in the Pacific and the German counter-offensive in Belgium made it imperative to furnish more men and munitions at once. per cent o[ the capital had been systematically destroyed. Warsaw is a rail-highway hub with communications reaching in all directions over the Polish plains, linking with msn routes between East Prussian and north- cm Germany. Berlin has reported soviet offensives north of the capital, which with the Moscow-disclosed wedges below the city had put Warsaw in danger of encirclement. Moscow was silent also on the Berlin-reported soviet offensive Into East Prussia, which thc Germans said had captured the fortress of Schlttssbcrg. But Moscow dispatches gave this picture of red army break- roughs below Warsaw. Soviet vanguards are only 27 miles from German Silesia east of Rosenberg. The upper flank of Marshal Gregory Zhukov's army is 23 miles south of Warsaw, and red army men are 18 miles southeast of the German life artery, the Warsaw-Silesia railway. Czestochowa, big Polish industrial city near the Reich frontier, lies 22 miles ahead of advancing soviet units. Soviet units were fighting some JO miles from the outskirts o£ Krakow. The rail center of Radom, 60 miles south of Warsaw, had been seized and large German groupings were reported apparently caught in a pincers southeast of Radom. "The Russians arc not sparing

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