The Evening Post from New York, New York on June 12, 1818 · Page 2
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The Evening Post from New York, New York · Page 2

New York, New York
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Friday, June 12, 1818
Page 2
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: FRIDAY, JUNE U. SL KLVG'd SPEECH ON THE HAYIUA TION ACT - I.Co.NCi.tiBW . ""' - We tkb eveoing give - lie coucliwiou of lb masterty. psu - lbrinaBCa. ; It it not cue of those ' speeches which seem principally delivered for the purpose of shewing off the orator 5 on the ' contrary, our whole attention is to ouch engro - ' ed b ine manor before ui that we scarcely per - ceive the speaker. .Such comprehensive and liberal views, each an accurate knowledge of detail, such lucid order, aud och simplicity in ' argument, are Vol Onto be. seen in modern times; but if w hare other men capable ol .'. treating this, important subject with the tame ability, I shall feel much pride ai an American to beheva SJid acknowledge it. , Many gentle - mm, who know ho w to appreciate it great value, '.. have expressed a ttrong with to ee it in a pam - phlut form. We cannot but believe that the dr - ' cn Lttioa oeoch a pamphlet among the more re - fleVting rjart of the people of England, swmld ,'prodace a ealutary change in their customary v &d& of thinking towards this country. - . , , s Cot,' why hat a meamreof this importance ' been ee long deferred .' The explanation which Ufis question requires cannot be made without tome reference to the historvfof our comraunica - ' lion with England, since the peace of 1723, as well as to the views and policy of men andpar - , ties, that have in succession influenced our pub - . lie affaire. , . As according to the powers of England, not - withstanding the actawwledgmentof our inde - ' nendenee. neither trade nor intercourse could be carried on between the United States and her dominions, it became necessary after the treaty . of Deace to oat tome act whereby this trade and - intercourse might be prosecuted a bill for this purpose was introduced id to the Douse 01 com - ' moos by the administration which concluded the treaty of peace with the United Slates. The ' general scope and provisions of the bill corres pond with the liberal principles which were mv tifeitedin the treaty of peace ; they plainly shew that the authors of this bill understood that the true basis of the trade and intercourse between nation', h reciprocity of benefit ; a foundation on which, alone, the friendly intercourse between men and nations can be permanently estamisneu. The preamble of this bill declares, " that it was highly expedient, that the intercourse between ureal Britain ana tne imitea states suoiuu oe established on the most enlarged principles of re . clprocal benefit to both countries," ana as, iron . the distance between them, it would be a consi derable time before a treaty of commerce placing their trade aod intercourse on a permanent foun dation, could be concluded, the bill, tor the pur - ' pose of a temporary regulation thereof, provided, that American vessels should be admitted into the ports of Great Britain, as those of other independent states, and that their cargoes should be liable to the same duties only as the sane merchandise would be subject to if the sam were . the property of British subjects, and imported in British vessels and, farther, that the vessels of the United States should be admitted into the E glisb plantations, and colonies, in America, with assy article the growth or manufacture of the United States, and, with liberty to export from such colonies and plantations to the United States any merchandise whatsoever, subject to the tame duties only, as if the property of British subjects, and imported or exported ia Bri - tkh remiss allowing, also, the same bounties, drawbacks, and exemptions, on goods exported from Great Britain, to the United States, in American vessels, as 00 the like exportations in liri tu!i vessels to the English colooies and planta tions. The persons benefitted by the English exdu aive system of trade and navigation, were put in motion bv this bill, which was earnestly opposed, and, after a variety of discussion, postponed or rejected. About this period, Mr. Pitt, who had supported thu bill in the bouse of commons, resigned his office of chancellor of the exchequer, as his colleagues, in lord Shelbarne's administration, had before done. The coalition admintsra - tion that succeeded, introduced a new bill, which became a law, vesting ia the king and council au thority to make such temporary regulations of the American navigation and trade, as should be . defined expedient. Sundry orders in council were accordingly - made, whereby a trade and intercourse in American and English vessels, between the United States and Great Britain, were allowed, and, with the exception of fih oil, and one or two other articles, the produce of the United States, im ported into Great Britain, was admitted freely, or ' subject to the duties payable on the like article! imported in English vessels from the American colonies. An intercourse, and a trade, in enumerated articles, were also opened, between the United Elates and the English West India colonies, but, with a proviso, (the principle whereof is still maintained against us,) whereby American ves - ' eels were excluded, and the whole trade confined to Englub vessels. After a periodical renewal of these orders, for several years, "the regulations that they contained were adopted by and became an act of parliament. This act was afterwards modified, and rendered conformable to the provision of Mr. Jay's treaty, the commercial articles of which exnuvu in the year 1803 - not long after which data England pawed a new act of parliament concerning the American navigation and trade. This ad maintains the excluiion of American vesseb . from the intercourse between the United States nnd the English colonies, and confines the same, as former acts aud orders ia council had done, to English Yeesels ; it repealed the settlement of du - ' ties pursuant to Mr. Jay's treaty 5 ud, giving - up the policy of the enlarged and liberal system tJ iuterconrsa which had been proposed sm Mr. Tin's bill, it repealed such parts of all former m - t. m. onlfirs as admitted the productions of the United States, either freely, or, on paying Ihe same duties only as were payable on the like ar tides iwjorted from the English colonies and plantations; and, placed all articles the produce of tha United States imported in American vessels, on the same footing as the like article imported in foreign ships Irom outer mreigu cotin. trie - . This new footins - of our trade with Eng. had, the importance whereof is well understood by tbiwe wlw are enriged in supplying her markets with oiats, spars, timber, naval stores, aud pot and pearl ashes, may be regarded as deoieire esdmce of a complete change of policy concerning the Americ an trade aud intercourse which, howevor unutfactory, as respected the colonial traw, na owoms more so, by lbs foregoing , provision of mU act 01 parliament. The policy that mau'desled itself in lh treaty of our iot'.eneaiUnce, aud which is sees in Ihe bill U rerulue the trade and intercourse between England and the United State. nmnara.1 by ihe administration thai made the treaty of .thlid , ha.U o. reciproc - a WS,. a as of Europe borderiagipon, and constantly enterfer. ing with, each other, has been adopted and applied to the United States a people, agricultural more than sjunufactnring or commercial, placed In another quarter of the globe, cultivating, and proposing to others an open system of trade and intercourse ( aod herein as in many other important discriminations, differing from the nations of Europe, and therefore not fit subjects to which these restrictive aod jealous regulations are applicable. Our policy is, and ever has been, a different one. . We desire peace with all nations; and the wars of maritime Europe have taught us, that a free system of trade and intercourse would be the best meads of preserving it. With these principles as our guide, at the ne gotiation of the treaty of peace in 1783, our miniders were authorised to conclude a treaty of commerce with England 00 this basis ; but no treaty was concluded. Afterwards, and when a temporary trade and intercourse were opened by England, looking, as we supposed, to a trea ty of commerce, congress 1 intruded Messrs Adams, franklin and Jefferson to renew the o - s erture of a treaty of commerce, which was done through the Engluh ambassador at Paris, m the year 1784 ; but no correspondent disposition being shewn by England, this secoud overture faded The interest and prejudice of those wlio were benefitted by the monopolies, aod exclusive system of England, were opposed to any treaty with this country, on the principle of reciprocal advantage. The political writers of that day, uu - der the influence of these partial views, or not suthxieutly appreciating the true theory of com merce, contended that it would be lolly to eater into engagements by which England might not wisulobe bound in future; that such engage ments would bo gratuitous; ar, accordiug to their interpretation, congress poesrsseil no power, under tne cooleueralioo, to enforce auy stipula tion into which they might euter ; that no treaty that could be made would suit all the states ; il any were necessary, they should be made with the states separately ; but that none was neccs sary and those who talked of liberality and reciprocity in commercial affairs, were cither will)' out argument or knowledge ; that the object ol England was, not reciprocity and liberality, but to raise as many sailors and as much shipping a: possible. This unequal fooling of our foreign commerce, and the language made use of by England at thir juncture, served still more to increase the puulic discontent ; especially as it was plainly avowed that England ought to render the trade with us as exclusively advantageous to herself, as ber power would enable her to do. Congress harms no cower, under the confederation, to impose countervailing and other Corrective regulations of trade, the states separately attempted to e - stablisb regulations upon this subject. But, as a part only of the stales lowed in this measure, and as the laws that were passed for this purpose differed from each other, the experiment completely failed. In this condition of our navigation and trade, subject to foreign restrictions and exclusion, without a power at home to countervail and check the same, congress resolved to make a nolher effort to conclude a commercial treaty with England. For this purpose Mr. Adams, since president of the United Stales, was appointed, and went to Enzland. Mr. Adams re sided in England for several years ; but found and left the government unchanged, and equally before disinclined to make with us a treaty of commerce. This further disappointment, with the depre - i!ltinV fVUtlt t inn rtf All Muinmtlnn joined to the embarrassment of the public finan ces, prouisceu wnat no interior pressure could nave done ; it produced mo general convention I7U7, tnat lornied the Constitution of the U nitad Slates. Had England entered into a liberal treat; ol commerce with the Uui'.ed States, this conven tion wouU not have been assembled. Without so intending it, the adherence of England to her unequal ana exclusive system of trade and navigation, gave to this country a constitution ; and the countervailing and equalising bill now oeiora me senate, arising from tne same cause, may assist us in establishing and cxtcudiog those great branches ol national wealth and power, wmcn we nave sucn constant and urgent mo - lives to encourage. The establishment of the constitution of the United Stales was coeval with the commence ment of the French revolution. The sessions of the geueral convention at Philadelphia, aud of tne assembly or Rotables at Tans, were held in the same year. Laws were passed by the first consrrcs as semble! under the new constitution, partially to correct tne inequality ol our navigation and trade with foreign nations; and a small discri - tniuation in duties of impost and of tonnage was maue lor uu purpose. Afterwards, in the year 1794, a number of re solutions on - the subject of navigation and trade, were moved in the houie of representatives, by a distinguished member of that body. These resolutions had a special reference to the refusal of England to euter into an equal commercial treaty with us, and aimed at Couutcrvailiug her exclusive system, uuier and more direct resolutions,' bearing on England, were also proposed by otlier members, and referred to the mexecu tion of the treaty of peace, and to the recent cap tures of American vessels by English cruisers, in tne Aa'tican seas. The policy of these resolutions was doulited they were therefore, strenuously opposed, and the extraordinary mission of Mr. Jay, to Eng land, suspended ineiriurtner discussion The l'rench revolution had by this time be come the object of universal attention. War had broken ont between France and Enzland 1 he avowe J policy or our government to avoid war, and to adhere to a system of neutrality, was much questioned t and for a lime it was matter of great uncertainty whether the country would support the neutrality recommended by the pre sident. The universal dissatisfaction, on account nf the commercial system of Englaud, the inexecu - tion of the artirlns of peace, the. numerous captures by orders of the English' government, ol onr vessels employed in a trade strictly neutral, combined with our friendly recollections of the services nf France, and our good wishes in favor of the effort she prof - sseil to le making to establish a free constitution, constituted a crisis most difficult and important. It was in these circumstance, tint president Washington nominated Mr. Jay as envoy to England. - The senate confirmed the nomination and the immediate effect was the suspension of the further disrusnon of Ibe important resold' tioos before the house of representatives. Enzland seems never to have duly appreciated the truo character and importance of this exlra - ordinanr measure. France well understood and rcseoted it. Mr. Jay was received with civility, and concluded a treaty with England on all the points of his instructions. When published, it met with great oppositiou : The article respect - nig the West - India trade, had been excluded from the treaty by the senate, by reason of the inadmissible condition or proviso that was cou "JSKI . n all, m adihltoa to satisfactory ar - coiicerntur English debts, the on - and condemnation of our vessels. aoj the delivery of the ports, points of very K'Ti imporianrc, itcoi,lained art.cIesv. gulafmg the trade, navigation, aud maritime rights of the two countries. No treaty that could have been made with Lngtand would, in the highly excited ttmuercf the country, have sMtfiedit. Bat, SiicCicld, Chalmers, aal Kuox a a . . j.":cal!veparOt,UnnC under Ufferr.ntKJ7e,n.LIT,i;in.7 mc,ts.hJt,navin;aeoi0mou origin, a common ,1!.. r If.. n ire. a comimm law, and kin lied blood; w.,,. 1 awtul capture ci ncniftHnces i f - ac uliar. a not to be found be tween any oltur nation. I.itcad of this polity, ii - i" d'fle. - en. ort is prefei - eO o t. ; t.ugruid has a e - at to pmcr; ud ngiijt the , tmtM ! of w!iiii, we must protect onraelve . a d a w 4 - e vMe to d - i. The inTirate, cauui. - rj .i.vvr, anil H - e - j,xin2code of cooroe end iatcrcvurse, founaed ia jealousy, tud Uteri - v .l MisiXihrn'ruii kniLnnrsaits of the powers o1 f La those whose object il wm to prevent the Jo - try irom taking part in the .war between France and England, aod to prevail upon it U adhere to system of impartial neutrality ; who, moreover, believed, that the safety and even liberties of the country were concerned is the adoption of this course, the treaty provwed a welcome auxiliary. 4 ' It suspended the further agitation of difficult and angry topics ef controversy with England ; it enabled the government to persist in, and to maintain the system of .neutrality which had been recommended by tho lather of his country ; a doUcv. the correctuest and benefits of which, whatever may have been the disagreement of opinion among the puonc men 01 uiose uuiea, will now scarcely be doubted by any one. During the continuance of this treaty, further though ineffectual attempts were made to establish a satisfactory intercourse with the Englhh colonies in the West Indies, and, likewise, to place the subject of impressment on a mutually safo aud equitablo footing. The commercial articles of this treaty expired in 1 S03, no proposal having been made to re. new them. A subsequent negotiation took place, but nothing was definitely coucluded. The peace of Amiens was of short duration. Another war took place bctwoen France and England ; no maritime treaty existed between the United Ptatcs and England ; and (lie manner iu which England exercised her power on the 0 - cean ; the great interruption of the navigation and trade 01 neutral natiuns; the numerous captures of their ships and cargoes under the retaliatory decrees aud orders of France and England, with other vexatious occurrences, revived the former angry feeling towards England, and greatly contributed to the late war with that na t.on. This war was closed not long after thctonclu siouoftlie general peace in Europe; and the treaty of Ghent was followed by a meagre rum - mertial convention, made at London, and limited, in its duration, to a few years only. Neither the spirit ofthencgnciation, nor the scope of the article, afford any evidence that England is inclined to treat with this country on the only principle on which a commercial treaty with her can be desirable, tier decision on this point seems to be beyond question, as our latest communication "infirm us, that her ancient svsU m will not be changed ; mid, in case we are dissatisfied with its operation, that England has no objection to our taking any such measures concerning the same. as we may deem expedient an intimation that putt an end to further overtures on our part, such is the explanation why the measure now proposed has been so long deferred. During the confederation, Congress were without power to adopt it. The treaty concluded by Mr Jay, in ir94, the relaxation of the navigation and colonial laws, during the war between France and England, and the advantages derived from our ncu - tial trade while this war continued, rendered the measure inexpedient during this period. And the expectation since entertained, that more enlarged and equal treaty of commerce and navigation, applicable, in its provisions, to peace as well as war, might be substituted in place of the present commercial convention. lias hitherto suspended the interference of Congress. This expectation must be triven up 1 Enr. land has apprized us of her decision to adhere to her ancient and exclusive system of trade and navigation, and the only alternative before us, is, to submit to the regulation of our own navigation by England, or to interpose theau - I ' . . . r ... - . . 1 . , uiuruy ui uic cuusuiuuuii 10 rtiumcrvau uis same. There can be no hesitation in the choice. The bill before the Senate, is in notliinir un. friendly towards r.nirland it is merely a com' mere il regulation, to which we are even invited a meaaui e strictly of self - dcll - nce, and intended to protect the legitimate resomces of our country from being any longer made ue ot, not as they snotilu be, lor our bent - tit, but, to encrcase and strengthen the resources and power of a loreign nation. The time is propitious . causes that former ly prevented the union of opinions in favor of I Wi is measure no lunger ent ; the old world is at peace and each nation 13 busily em. ploved in repairing the waste of war, by culti. vating the arts, and extending the blessings of peace England has come out of the most Krtentous war that Luiope has ever suflered, not only unbroken, but with encreased power. Her agriculture, manufactures, and commerce were cherished j were without interruji - ikhi, and encreased, while those of neitrh bor ing nations were suspended, interrupted, or destroyed. Her colonies and dependent territories, have been greatly enlarged, at ihe expence of her enem es and reg.ons, with which we and others once had trade and intercourse, having la lien under tne dominion ol tsngiond, are now closed against us. We have no other questions depending 1111 cngunu, except those concerning impressment and the riheiiet and. their set tlement can, in no manner, be affected by the passing ot tins act. ( England is a great and illustrious nation, having attained to this pre - eminence by generous and successful efforts, in breaking down the civil and religious bundacc of former acres. Her paUiots, her scholars, and her statesmen, have adorned her hiibiry, and oiler models for cue initiation 01 oUiers M'c are the powerful desceodents of England, deuring perpetual friendship, and the uninterrupted interchange of kind olfices, and reciprocal benefits M - ith her. Wc have demonstrated, in circumstances the most criti cal, constant and persevering eviderce of this UispoKiUon. Wc still desire the impartial ad justment of our mutual intercom se, and the establishment ol some equitable regulations, by which our personal and maritime rights may he secure fiom arbitrary violation. A settlement that, instead of endless collision and dispute, may be productive of concord, good liumur, and friendship: aud it depends on England, whether such is to be the relation subsisting between us. If this bill becomes a must be follow ed up by ulterior pro. idaus, if requisite, to Willi tlie English laws of allegiance and impressment, we have no other concern, than to exempt our citizens fVom their application : we do not desire the service of F.nijl.sli sea men, and, England should be the last to seize our citizens and firce them into her sen ice. She discla - ms this purpose, but perns s in a practice, to d - scover and impress her own sea - iu 11, that, unavoidably, subjects ours ta ber violence. Whatever ber rights msy be, they should be so used, as not to 11 jure ours. This is a precept of universal jutice a regulation may oe ueviseu, iiiav 11 not prrieci in every case, would be so generally correct, that consi dering Ihe difficulty of the subject, il ought to be satisfactory. I As regards the fisheries, those of the oceah. not w iinm me territorial limns ot any nation, are free to all men, who have not renounced their rights : those on the coasts and bays of the provinces, conquered in AmeiKs, from France, were acquired by the common sword, and mingled blood, of Americans and Englishmenmembers ot the same empire, we, with them, had a common right to these fisheries 1 and, in the division of the empire, Eiighutdctm - firmed our title, without condition or limita tion a title equai'y irrevocable with those of our boundaries, or of our independence itself. Litusque rogamus ' Innocuum, et cunclis unilanquc, auramque pu'.eiueia. m Civ it complete effect "'Ed" th intercourse must be mipTwJly beneficial, or it must not be suffered to exist From A Orjws We learn from captain Clark, of the schr. r airplay, who arrived at quarantine last evening in 14 days from Aux Cayes, that the Haytiaa squadron, cruising off that place, bad captured and sect in one patriot pri vateer and four prises belonging to her, two of them brigs and two schooners. We are informed, that Mess. A. H. Lawrence & Co. of this city, yesterday purchased of the Manhattan Company, half a muhon of dollars, of the. new six per cent 6tock, being half the amount of their late loin to Die stat e, and all they wished to dispose of. .. - ' It is stated in the Philadelphia papers, that criers have been received in that city, from Ihe navy department, to lay down the keels of two 74's at that place. At tha last Mny term of the supreme court cf 1 this "talc, held iu this city, the following geutle - niru were admitted counsellors at law of the said court: Johu Tayler Smith Alexander Forbus Livingston Billings David Doccker Thomas Ucckman Gideon Wilkoxson aud &lah B. Strong Martin Welles Francis A. Livingston J',hn Porter Edward ( harks Baker David W. But Win COMMU.NICATIO.V. At a lata court of over and terminer held in the county of West - Chester, by Mr. Justice Spencer, nine bill of indictment were found a - griinit an attorney of that county for mnl - praclice. These prosecutions were brought forward bv certain gcnllemeu of the bar, who advised and assisted the people without fee or reward. And an arrangement is uow made in that county, whereby counsel will, in any charge again! an attorney at law, as such, givo advice without a fee. The time seems fully to have arrived, when this respectable profession should purgo itsell from the base and noxious practices which have lately threatened lo bl.ut its fairest prospects, and to bring tbe most virtuous and eminent counsel lors in Ihe sate to the level of a contemptible pcttiloer. It is hoped that the example of W e;t - Chetter, ill induce the respectable members of the bar in every county in the state, to associate them selves together for tbe purpose of preventing and punishing all abuses by the profession ; and that they v.ll give the people advice and assist them in prosecutions free of expence. Such a coarse will puu:e the baron a ground which will bid de - 1 - :...): - 1 1 . 1 uauvc w uiir unjuuitni or wui raioer re move them. Tho people have no wish to perse cute lawynrs they are their sons their breth renin .short, they are connected by every tie of kindred and society. - Tbe prejudices which exist have arisen out c( the mal - conduct of the lower orders of the i ro - fession, some of whom may be found in almost every county of the state. 1 nese are the men that should be forthwith prosecuted and hunted down ; they should be made to abandon the profession and to seek their living in situations where they can do less barm. There aro no men iu the community who have it in Iheir power to do so much good or evil as lawyers, and they shoidd therefore be the best of men. The legislature have passed laws that are sufficient to restrain nil abuses let it be the particular province of the bar lo sea these laws rigi'lW enforced, and let no offcuce escape its proper punishment Thus shall tney obtain the full confidence of the people, and be the guardians of the law, the prop aud support of the government. For lit M"ea Yark Arming Post. ' The proposed experiment of olr. Buby has been tried, aud Ihe mct sanguine expectations of an inventor must be realised iu the result. An untrained and very indifferent horse, with badly constructed cliams, m. - tend (.f r - wheLi lor connexion ; the hivtl it - etf not built fir sikh a trial, but altered without adapting tho druu to Ihe required velocity of the water - wheel, aod withal very fnulou the bottom acul sidr.s, were circumstances certainly not the must favorable ; yet with all these, the boat, eighty ftel long anil fourteen broad, was carried fious the.state - pnno lo UoboUcn, and back to Cortlandl - rtrect by one horse, without any propulsive action on Ihe waterthe wheel merely bated a raceway or boat, fixed between tho two bo;iU, and entirely open in front ; but 10 fist as thu race - nay whs emptied, so fast (he presture on tbe inclined pi no, or counter, pushed the boat forward, aud gave a practical illustration of the nnv theory. "There can now remain ao doubt of the ability of Mr. Busby to send the ' Chancellor - Livingston," with her present engine, 15 miles au hour, and lliui at a very eay rate double tho value of that sdmirablc conveyance ; for who would hesitate 1 at paying more for a short passage to Albany, j Uanalongoiie? and the iucreaed number ol inpi win u an auuiuoo;u inducement to travel, 1 auu an auaiuonai source 01 proht lo Ihe owners. I congratulate Mr. B. and the public ch his success, and cannot doubt that he will be amply remunerated, hi reply to the note in yesterday' Past, I do not wish to say any thing at presciit. It still appears to me Hint the plan of water bellows, acting like a fish's bead tdw tlie turace, will be a preferable invention to the wheel and race way. The reasons I still propose to give when some comparative experiments tiiall have beea made. XAUTICU3. NATCHEZ. May 14. The question of Fulton and Livingstnn:s privi - lere is again a'ilattd. by a sun brought in the Ptderal court of New Orleans, asainsl the Steam Boat Constitution. We wait wilu anxiety the result of a question involving the most proaiiocnt interests ci Western America. SAVANNAH, June 2. I'pwardsof 2.V) U. S. troops left this place yesterday, under the command of major Dcakinj, for tiie iouih. ALF.xtsoniA, June 10. Arlingtcn House, the seat of Mr. Custis, a - hout live miles fiom this to - .vn, was struck hy liglitiiinf during th storm nn Saturday morning. The lightning entered the roof and passed down bv a temporary wooden pier, erected to support ihe uiifini.died part of the portico but fortunately without .any itjury ta the building or the family, who were at breakfast at the lime. NEW - BRUNSWICK, June 11. Rulnik gentleman travelling in the steam boat line Irom Philadelphia, had his trunk stolen from behind tbe stigr, in or near this city, on Vlooday evening last. It contained valuable ar tides of wearing apparel, aod some cash. Search being mde, the trunk was (bund in a field in tbe vicinity, but rilled of its contents. A black man by the name of Lemons, being suspected, was taken before a magistrate and on information where he resided, search was made at his house, where tbe clothes we understand were found, and apart of the money. Lemon si we are informed, is an old ofTi - nder, having only recently been discharged f.Mm the state pri'on. I "r" siaovLaft iricicc. " Extract of a latter to the edilorof the Winchester Constellation, dated New - Market, (V.) May : W, 1818. - v.; .: - ' 1 ; Mr. John Camtn, clerk of Amherst court, put n period to his existence a few days co, in ihe following extraordinary. manner: lie attached a quantity of paper by sewing, or some other method, to the sheets ol the bed and then standing np, wrapped himself in the sheets, and deli, berately set them on fire, and burnt himtelf to death. Drink, that fell destroyer of the human rare, is supposed tq be the cause of this horrid deed." . . DIED, This morning, in the 73d year of her age, Mary Allen Kearsing. Her friends, aud thofc of the family are respectfully invited lo attend ber funeral to - morrow afternoon, at 6 o'clock, from Ihe residence of her son, William Kcarting. 873 Bowery. SrfLXIXG POST MJiRWK LIST. CLEARED, Ship Hercules, Cobb, Liverpool Byrnes, Tnrr.bie U Co. Brig Sarah ti Louisa, proctor, Canary Islands G G& S lloulmul Schr. Harvest, Emery, Charleston Sloop Lydia ti Mary, Doughty, Uichmond ii una. Page, Boston Knickerbocker, Webb, Philadelphia .tharto r. fOKF.vMj.v. MiJp Thomas elson, Morgan, SO days from N Orleans, 24 from the B ili.c, witn cotton ad nbacco, to Jones & Megralli, and others. Passengers, Messrs. Forbes, Miller, limis, Tippit. Sailed from the Hul'ue in co. with several vessels, bound to Europe, names not reiollccted Schr Fair Play, Clark,' 14 days from Aux, with colli e, to llcekman. Bray k f.'o. . - niitli 8t Hubbeil, John X I.uir, Peter Scbyen, .lumes Anderson Ac Co. C C Tunis, and John F Uolan. . Left May 2"th, schrsCcrnct, llurk ley, for Baltimore in 6 days Col Lowry, of do. w&iting cargo 1 Thomas, Warren, load ng for noslon ; brig , West, of Portland, waiting cargo ; sch Knapp, just arrived from Baltimore 1 ch Cornelia, Northrop, just arriv - cd from N York ; sch Doit, flutclims, from Charleston. Sloop Express, Rockliff, 5 days from F. eJe - rickshurg, with flour, to Page & l'riplett and Mr. Brovn. BELOW, 6ch Only Daughter, 6 days from Fredericksburg. One brig and 2 sclirs jtKRIVKU IST F.rEXLWi, Ship Illinois, Funk, 4 days from iiordeiux, with brandy, wine, drygooas, prunes, alm"nds&: hemp, to J Kemp, owner, F Keitl - ard, Pott Sc M'Kiune, W Porter, Rhiud k Turnl ull, F Hois gerard. C G Smedberg, k Co. 1) Tilden, P Seig - nelte St Jenney, P Pbiollier, Cz - tc Ri baud, - S ti S Uelonguemare, L (JouJaiii, F ec A Brunei, L Sollier, H Le Roy ti Smi, J S Muii.lWd, Larue, Palmer ti Co. SK Ferlat, Miis Naute, P Larousscllier, J Graham & Co. E bonatie, J G Ogdcn, J U Meynie, Curcicr, Itavesies & Co. AI Clamngemn. ti K0z.1t, L Bonnefiru, L Ledtutu, V A Pedrooi, JSC Bolton, 1) Crasons, Stol - lenwrrck k Brothers, 11 Hammond, the c:ptaiu nnd to order. Pasmeer, Mad. Maute, Messrs IJ Tilden, of Boton, Mordtcni l,ewi., of I'hilad. R F.Mruga, (who return their thanks to c.:pt. F. tor bis attentions during tltp passage ) and 7 in the steerage. Left, April 2d. ships Thalia, Butler, for Philadelphia 30tn ; Concordia, Adams, of Boston; Warrington, Smith, Richmond, lor K10 Janeiro ; brig Moiigiiton, lurner, rs urn, from Port au Prince, all unr. ; brigs Eunice, Wiedurholt.oi do. Irnra Havana, just nrrived; Cosmopolite, Campbell, of do from Port an Prinre, do; Harriet, Catxan, from Philadelphia; fhriulem. York, from .N Vork, both .just arrived. SmfcV, April S7, lit 45, lti, Ion 6,31. Flench ship 1,'Ailo plic, Frmlem.k, S7 du irom ew - (irifnrin, lor Bordeaux. May 2, I at 47, !), 1 n 17 30, ship Rolla, Giles, ol BaltiinbM, t days from the Isle of Kuine for Aiuste nlam, nil we'll, lb'h. U14j, Si, long 41. rtn hcrm. brig with painted orts, 10 days from Boston, 011 u whaling voyage, ilst and 22d, so'.v sf vtral i - lends 01 ice, some as f'if sonth as 40, 20. 2jth. Ir.t39 10, lor.if.1tt, spoke ship Falcon, Lewi. C days from boston for I.ivei mol. 2'jth, lot 9, long 6, ship Strantrer, Chrytie.J 9 di.ts from Pliilrtdeli!u.ior Liverpool. 3Wh, iat 41 10, Ion 61, fl.i.i Henry, Knox, 3 days Irom B. "ton lor Trieste. June 10, evening, schr Ctpla."', 14 hours from bandy lloeU. Bn' Speedy Pcaee, - Fwdi k. o rtnys fmm Sj - varw.ih, with cotton amldr g - .tl", fo") V Pinith,1 at.n'a Bell, owners, B D, sol.ry, J B Marie, Kins k Co. Willetf i - Lawrence, J B Diirp.nrl, J Slur pes and Collins H Co. Paci.gcrs, Mr. Hnn - wood, hdy aud children, Mis Jane Elliot, Mrs. IVw;ll, Mrs. Alexander and two children. Miss Van Yeveren, Mrs Denier ar.rl two daugh'ers, vlis B'liir!. Mrs. Telfair and three dai.h:ers, Mi, Mrr. Copper and chiM, Mr. rjrails - nird, Mr. B - ildTman, Mr, and Miss Schcnek J. Lcngworth and tworiere , Mr. Lang, Mr. Swan, Mi. !?. Lewis, and 7 in the s'eemsj:. Brig llentcr, .Viekti'on, a days from Privnn - nah, with cttnn, to I.MI WickhaiR, Ue llliam&t l)e Lesser), and I'ogert&Kneclaml, lOpassen - gers, al! for Cnnm - ct'icut. Schr Emily, White. 5 dr - ys from Sav.lnnnh, with cotton, "to J Magce 4 Co. Pcuseogers Mr. Woodworth ir.d family, Messrs. Loomis. Brown, Tilley, Lucas Root, Molly, Lovtland, Bercrofl, Goodwin, Rohhin', (Jeddens, Lyuinn, Brooks, r - 'U . 1 l f.. t.vr...lKA.4nn Iat 4 3. lorg 74, spoke schr Clin, from Richmond r. ' ' cchr MCyt )0nvi!le, C days from Charleston, w;th cotton, to S Alley. Fawners, Messrs. Williams, J farks, Toyan, UussaeK, uiiristian, R Kiimier, H J Bowaii, t Hamilton, J Pcto, T Reeves, C Havens, B Plum, and P ilendeison. SchrRoval Oak, Smith, 5 days from Richmond, with coal, to Wm. Re a, aud Waring H Kimerl3. bchr Milo, Pease, 6 days from Savannah, with crttnn and deer skins to A G. Phelps, J B Marie, VV Vernon, Otis fl Swar, J I Phoenix, and H t D Coihe.d. The schr Ino, of N York had arrived at tint stonah in 5 dnj - s Irom Havana. Sionp Virgiiiia 'l'rider, Caswell, 5 days from Charleston, w ith cotlmi nnd lice, to Thorn & Havt - xhurst, owners, U Bethune H Co. and o - tilers. Pjfiengers, Mrs. Winship, Mrs. Caswell and child, Mrs. Wnlson, Messrs. Cuinmings, Johnsnn, aud Franklin. Irloop Susan, .Noble, lulled id CO, for Norfolk. Sloop A'las, James was to sail for N York ins or 3dnys. Sloop Fair American, Reynolds, 4 days from Richmond, with 11 ur, to A Lawrence, T chapter, and the master. CsuaucsTON, June 5. Arrived, brig Sea Gull, iTTnlash, Liverpool, i days. Spoke, May lo, lat 2, long 5H, sloop Maria, 22 days from N London for Martinique. 20th, sclir John, 19 days from for Dcmarara. 29th, lat 2" 35, long 71, 30, ship Ceres, Webber, 5 - 1 days tro.n Liverpool for Charleston. British ch John, Foi - iune, St. Thumbs, 12. specie. On Wrdresday, ol. the bar, spoke n.p orick, li days hom Kennebiink for Sa - van:tih. Cleared, brig Commerce, Messervey, Havre, - sch Jane, Hills Matanzas ; sloop Morning Howcr, huowlcs, Ilarnst.ille. Sailed yesterday, sch Hyder - Ally, Marshall, fvir Huston Groace rowis, S. C. June, 3 Arrived, sch, Emily, Spitlman, Bonaire, Spanish Maine, 22 days with 20 Jack Asses Sivsioisn, June 3 Arrived brig Fr.mcis. Bradford, 1'ortl.ind 21 days; ship How.rd, Loveit, luvcrpoid 63 days. Cleared, brigs liorris, May, Havre ; Gen. Jackson, Pierce, Providence sch Emily, White, NYoik. Vessels in port, 14 ships, 1 barque, 27 brigs, 1 - 1 schrs, and 9 sloops - total 65 as g. - eat a number as has hitherto ever been knowp lo be in port this season. June 4. Ar. brig Harmony, Forbes, NYork 12 days. Cleared, sloop Planter, 1 ew, X York. Cash prices, this day Rice, dull, 5 75 a 6 ; cotton, prime Sea island SO ; Upland 29 a 32 ; tobacco, dull, 89; corn 90 95 ; Philadelphia flour, 13. Freight to iJverrviol, ! i.jyj lb. ftf cahaa June" 5. Ar. sen Juno, Cgnklin, TUvanas days. - '. , - , SALEM, June 9 - Arrived, trig Naiicy Ai. Osgood, 47 days from St. Salvador. JLcff, AbhJ 13, brig DryadB.lumuir, of Newbury port,Vr Boston iu 30 days ; ship isln - r Ames, Taylor ol Newport, for N ork, just arrived waiting car - go; brU,s Alha, lirwe, Salnm,' 10 days; Ld - ward Foster, Ccuthroy, of Boston, for Gibraltar in 10 days; Nantilu', Percival, Boston, justar. nved wailin' carro ; Active, Collins of Salem uncfcstain. Brig Vigilant, Waters, of Boston sailed on the 19ili, lor En Dien. THEATRE. On Frlil.Tx - ,rni'iip I r :), 1.. . . - j - ' i v, nin uu. presented, the musical drama, in 3 actf, of , ROH HOY - on, ac 10 uxo srxc. ' Dramatised by J8a;ic Pocock, Esq. and now performing in London w ith the greatest applause ; with new scenery, dre - ses, mtiiic, Sic. Rashleigh Obaldiston;, Mr Pritchard Owen, onn3 Hob Roy M'Gregor Campbell, 1 Robfrfjon . Bailie NicolJanio, Hilson Diana Vernon, . . Mil. Darley Helen M'Gregnr, (wife to Rob Roy,) Kernes To which will be added, the hrceof LOt'EIVS tyl.iKM - .LS. Or. LI KE MA ST Ell LIKE M A N. ffyl I'crforuiauce to cuii meuie at half pat 7 o'cloik, precisely. J7" A young man who wiileq an expeditiouj n.l legible hnnd, lo iropy a set of mercantile ' oohs, ,Vc will be employed three or four vteeks, lor which a Imnd'ome compensation will ho given Rprorr.nit ndationsaslo character and abihty w ll e - Euguire al Ihii office June 12 ti' 0;r Ordors tir fUiropean bocks, u,au, pifpt tn'ionnry and olher articles, in all lan - ua"' are r - jub.r.y t.Ven at the European Iwk - jtoW ind depot. No. M lroadway, Neir. York, oopo - ito Trinity church ynrd, Dear Wa.,reJ iho plain and low Krms mentioned in the pros - pectu?, which mny be seen iu ,a,a boolc - stora where there is always a l n6a collection of European catalogues of hooks, with prices iu all languages, for the tuc of ladies and geu'.lcmea only. Orders will also be taken on the ssme tertm in every city, town and borough of the union, bv all the merchants, booksellers, printers, and publisher of news papers and magazines. . U D P.FXAli:, Agent N. B. The dwelling part of house No. 96 Broadway to let. je 12 3Uw3w!, vpl Tho fast sailing packet ship RISING Jti&fcSTAI ES,, master, will clear to - morrow, and sail the first opportunity. For remainder of freight or passage, haviug tupei ior accommodations, apply on toard between Pine - street aud Murray's wharf, or to GUIs WOLDS & COATES, - Jo 12 6U Smuh - st. V CUAItLEr(XX, 1 he last sailing schr. hi l.A, Henry LWekil master ; will sail on Sundav. Fur freight of some light goods or passage. apply on board, at C. tl. slip Murray's - hartj or to SAUL ALLEY, je 12 9H Pine street I or S.irANJV.H, The lasl siii'iiu; packet schooner VII.O. Hcniv Beetle, master, will tAi with what freight and passengers may offer, on Tuesday next Apply on board at Fine - it. wain, or to BOGERT k KNEEL AND, 70 South - st. It'ha lim e for sale, 170 V.rdcs prime upland cottcHi, just landing. June 12 5t ' . "Z". fur, - " T Th very superior packet bri HERO, l.Ciilv,muster; lyit'" at Murray's wharf, auU will sul'on Sunday with what freight and pa - ioDgcrs m:ivooe.r. A pi - It on bohrd, or to POT'r Is MKI.NE, Jc 12 ' 56 South street for CJUULWO.Y, 'i - l L. ..t s? a rtr 4 v T ' w . yrj a 111 - ji.ts, sv w . iWi .isauiMis,it su JliiC f""". master, having half her freight tiiaed, will sail 0:1 Saturday loth inst. wea tli'.T permitting. For remainder of freiebt or p issage, apply on board east side Hurling - . ' . . . - . a vr . 1 . 1 . r - r a . , sii'i, or u a.,ou.i v.. 1 ill. 1. r?, je 12 1133 Front - strtet For CU.1KLKSTO.Y, The schr HI RAM, rapt. Chadwick s JCliSti being nearly loaded, is intended to sail pofuivelyon fuetday next; she can take some mare light freight nod accommodate several pat - 'enters, having good accommodations. Apuly on board, west tide Fly - market wharf, or to G Rio WOLDS & COATES, Je 12 68South - sL H ntitig Faper, Hardvait and Uilt Jemllerf. RECEIVED by the Criterion, Hercules, aad Mercury, for sale by L. STANSBIE, 101 Pearl - street. coKSisrisc or Fine thin hot pressed gilt ede London super tone Post Paper Fine thick do do Middle yellow wove do do do Fine yellow wove Foolscap . do I, Laid Foolscap, Laid pot Blue wove thick Folio post Fine copying paper, wood Screws Banbury Locks Black and bright shackle Padlocks Rat traps, till Lccks, cast butt Hinges Curry coinhs &c Gill Chains, Sell?, Keys Ridicule springs Amulet Necklaces, Ornaments, tic &c. Je IZ iw COTTON, vVc b'O bales prune Upland, Cotton, landing from sch'r Lucy, fiom Savannah, for sale by " - SAUL ALLEaV ' 93 Pine street. IN STORE. 92? hales mnstlv urime and rart sonar, fit sale in lots to suit purchasers. Jell. nRY WHITE LEAD. 1W0 kegs, jusl recU y . L V V - - V. 1 .1 VV u 1. ..I. U irom uie new - 1 ir u:u nuiu, at 67 South - rtreet, by ! CAMBRKLENO& PEARSON, Je 12 67 Soulh streeV AUERCITRON BARK. 40 hhdi. Quereif' vifc ron Bark, of very superior quality, lorsaie bv O. G. Si S. HOWLANIV: Je 12 67 Wathington - street. NDI A SUGARS. '.'00 bags strong grained IV Kites tnilin Siicro pnf tied to debenture, just received, and lor sale by G.G. tii. HOWLAND, je lz 0 w sningiop - "T DRY W Mil K LEAD 7 ions EiiglishUry White Lead, f ir sale at 57 South street, by BOORMAN Si JOHNSTON, - Je 1 2 ' - L. IRI3IJBUTTKR. 81 kegs, just received and lor sale al 57 Soulh - street, cy Je 12 BOORM AW ft JOHNSTON. KK. 1 UCkY 1 OBAcCO. 7 hhds. prune Tobacco, lauding and lor sale by JOSEPH OSBORN. ja 12 83 South - street IjM, Sl'GAR, ic. - 74lihds and b.bW prime Muscovado Sogars - , , UI do. - St. Croix Kuui 6 do. Molasses, and , r. - .,' 4 tons Liguunivitse, now landing ana icrsa - ,lfI1,Ue - ,UUD - DERC.VIa.VS, Jelt - - - . ri'L'ttKLY OlILM. scaseslor si JJe ,h" CA5iBRELENG ti PEAMCW.

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