The Mason City Globe-Gazette from Mason City, Iowa on January 16, 1945 · Page 1
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January 16, 1945

The Mason City Globe-Gazette from Mason City, Iowa · Page 1

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Tuesday, January 16, 1945
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NORTH IOWA'S DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME D E P A R T M E N T O F i*L*. N ° A f t C H I V t * "THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS" VOL.U i mad Catted fnm FoU Lcmd n» Onto » COPT) MASON Cmr. IOWA. TUESDAY. JAMPAKY It. HOME EDITION [ITTTTTl TAKE SCHLOSSBERG IN EAST PRUSSIA British Strike at Maas River As^Yanks Capture Houffalize GERMANS CRACK ON SALM RIVER Yank Armies Pound Nearer to St. Vith Paris, (.*)--Gen; -Eisenhower resumed., his winter, offensive Tuesday, when troops of the British 2nd army attacked near the Maas (Meuse) river north.of Sittard, e v e n - a s Americans captured Houffalize and "reduced' : the Belgian bulge to a thin shadow of itself. The British-2nd : army struck above Aachen in the'.Dutch ap- pendi? exactly, a month after Field Marshal von Rundstedt had attacked in Belgium, 'disrupting Eisenhower's pressure a t t a c k aimed at the Ruhr and Saar arsenals. · British infantry and tanks struck after a rolling artillery barrage in the mists of dawn and a forward officer said the "great attack 'started well." Initial progress was made against moderate opposition. HAF planes flying support found the battle area so hazy .they were unable to spot the foe or even see the battle. · The British attack was centered between' Maestricht and Mae- seyck, 18 miles northwest of Aachen and 40.miles west of the great Rhmeland arsenal of Dusseldorf. It was. the first allied seizure of the initiative since the German breakthrough in the Bel- gianArdennes area Dec. 16. 'South of the bulge, Lt. Gen George S. Pattern's U. S. 3rd army also "was making of f ensive' · ges- - lures before the Siegfried line capturing 6 German villages this weelf invttfe Moselle vaMey-be- yond LuxentfHHfl-gr-BeSfg^MS the latest captured in an advance of 2 miles from Tettlingen The 3rd army sained up to l/4 miles on a 10 mile front northwest and southeast' ;of Bastogne. Oubourcy, 4 miles northeast of Bastogne, was captured. The. llth armored division, a new outfit commanded by brig. Gen. Charles Kilburn of Silver City, N. Mex., was disclosed as fighting "on the 3rd army front. The division drove a mile northeast of captured · Nox'lUc./An- other of its units took Compogne, 4 miles southwest o£ Houffalize and nearby Velleroux. The llth was the 72nd division identified on the western front. Of these 46 are American. Third army battle reports said the Germans were using secondary roads from Houffalize in ah orderly withdrawal eastward. Just west of Houffalize, the linkup of the first ana third armies indicated that the time was Iowa Dean Named =, President of Oregon Portland, Ore., (U.R)--Dean Harry K.'Newhurn, dean of the college of liberal arts of the University of Iowa, was chosen new president of the University of Oregon twenty-four hours before a formal election scheduled for Tuesday. -, The Oregon state board of higher education announced the choice after a'session of the members Monday." ; Dr. /Newburn. will succeed the late Dr. Donald Erb, who died 13 months ago after being in office 5 years. Since Dr; Erb's death. Dr. Orlando John HolHs, professor.and acting dean of the university-law school, has been 'acting president. . Dr. Newburn,' 39, earned p his bachelor's degree at Western Teachers college, Macomb, 111., in 1928, and took his graduate work at the University of Iowa," where he majored in education and psychology. He obtained his master's degree in 1931 and doctor of philosophy in 1933. Hearing when Lt. Gen. Omar N. Bradley would again bring together under his command the the ordinal iztn army group battle learn, including- these two armies and the V. S. ninth, now guarding the Roer. The first army column approaching Houffalize from the northwest was checked by German vehicles wrecked by artillery. As the slender tip of the salient collapsed, the Germans to the northeast fought like, mad. First army .'forces suffered heavy casualties Monday in trying toJ get mto^thejbny settlement of S"ter- igny, six miles northeast of-Hoirf- Jalize- a battle went into its fisurth (Jay at Thmmont, four miles southeast of Malmedy. The 75th infantry division, commanded by Maj; Gen. Fay B. Pritchett, teamed wito the 30th and veteran first infantry divisions in a power assault with St Vith. The Germans were hurled from had defended Ligrieuville and back tc- Faymonville, two miles to the east. · Altogether, tile first army took seven places Monday, but in some instances, only mopping up was involved. Probably the largest was the road junction of Salmchateu and its adjacent village Bech, nine miles west of St. Vith. Steinback, Beaumont and Font to the northwest of St. Vith were taken. Achouffe and Mont, immediately northwest of Houffalize, also fell. The first army took 1,398 prisoners in the 24 hours ended at midnight BLASTING A BURMA BRIDGE-These photos display ff \ C Tfu y ^ f - U ' S - 10th air force bombardiers as they attacked the Hsipaw Road bridge, located between Manda- Jay and Lashio in .Burma. At top, bombs plummet toward the target and seconds later (bottom) the steel suspension bridge is smashed in 2 and the right abutment wrecked, u. fa. air forces photos. CLAIM PLANS Allies Want Surrender -Churchill" FOR BIG THREE MEETING MADE French Hopeful for Invitation to Conference in Middle East Soon London, (U.RI--Best informed sources said Tuesday that President Roosevelt; Prime Minister Churchill and' Premier Stalin probably will meet in the middle east within the nextrtwo weeks. Both time and place for the conference have been fixed definitely, it was learned, and an advance party of high British officials was preparing to depart on short notice. Churchill probably will remain in London until the last moment, however, then make a quick air journey to the scene. Harry Hopkins, confidential adviser to fllr. Eoosevelt, was expected to arrive In London within I he next few days to confer with Churchill and, British Foreign Secretary Anthony Eden on outstanding Anglo-American problems and the agenda for the "big three" meetings. Stephen Early, the president's press secretary, also may visit London to participate in the preliminary discussions, but it was emphasized that his -main work will be the improvement of press relations at supreme headquarters in Pans. - --- - /I?ejjgnahon of the middle easfras ·-the niost likely sitej-tifyithe-iRo'osfi* velt-Churchill-Stalin meeting suggested that the three leaders might convene again at the Iranian capital of Teheran, where they first conferred late in 1943, or perhaps Cairo. The official soviet news agency Tass denied published reports that Russia, at the request of France, had asked that Gen Charles de Gaulle be invited to participate in the meeting. A Paris dispatch said, however, French hopes were rising that De Gaulle would be invited to the next "big-three" session as result of reports Mr. Roosevelt may visit Paris in February and the meeting may be held there. The French press, at the Quai D'Orsay's suggestion, now refers to the "big four" rather than the "big three," accepting the inclusion of De Gaulle as a foregone conclusion. Non-official F r e n c h sources echoed Tass' denial that France formally had requested inclusion at the conference. The text of the Tass statement, as broadcast by radio Moscow: "The Associated Press diffuses a report, according to which the soviet union, at the request of France, has. asked the United Slates and Great Britain that De Gaulle should participate in the forthcoming meeting of Stalin, Roosevelt and Churchill. "The agency also .states that during De Gaulle's visit to Moscow Stalin promised to demand the inclusion of De Gaulle in the future conference of the leaders of the 1 three states. "De Gaulle was stated to have Pledged support to the soviet union in the question of eastern Europe, while tne soviet union on their part agreed to support France's claims for banding over to her the Rhineland, "Tass is authorized to state that this report of the AP in no way corresponds to reality." London, (U.R) -- Prime Minister Churchill told commons Tuesday that the allies will fight on until Germany surrenders unconditionally, even if such a policy stiffens nazi resistance and prolongs the war. Churchill reaffirmed the allies' insistence on unconditional surrender in answer to persistent questions from labor members at the reopening of parliament after the Christmas recess. His reply came less than 24 hours after Sen. Burton K. Wheeler, D., Mont., charged in the U. S. senate that unconditional surrender was a "brutal, asinine slogan" which was costing thousands of American lives, splitting allied unity; and threatening a 3rd world war. Churchill also: 1--Endorsed President Roosevelt's views that the objectives of the Atlantic charter were as valid as they were in 1941 though all were not likely to be attained immediately and the charter "is not law." 2--Assured the house that Britain would continue to recognize the Polish exile government in London as the legal government of Poland despite Russia's recognition of the rival provisional regime at Lublin. 3--Bevealed that British casualties in Greece from Dec. 3 to Jan. 6 totalled 2,101, including 237 dead, but put off all questions on Greece until after.he has made his statement and debate begins on theJ3reeIfjBituabon Thursday -; ChorchfU's rem»rks^on-the Atlantic Charier clearly showed that he had joined common cause with President Roosevelt in public expressions on the matter as an important step in avoiding Anglo- American dickering and in presenting a more united front at the coming meeting of the allied "big 3* -He also sought to allay criticism of British policy in Greece with a brief comment that he had "every reason to believe that the present government is extremely democratic . . . composed entirely of republicans." Plan Draft of Farmers by Washington, (IF) -, Maj. Gen. Lewis B. Hershey, selective service director, said Tuesday half of all agricultural workers under 26 probably will be inducted by July 1. Under questioning for more than 2 hours before nearly 200 house members. Hershey declined to promise he would issue another directive or "classification" of his January order directing local draft boards to re-examine all farm deferred youths from 18 to 25. There are about 360,000 in this category. v Chairman Lemke, CR-N. Dak.), and others of an informal committee told Hershey that many local draft boards understood his directive to mean they should disregard the Ty dings amendment permitting deferment of essential farm workers. "If anybody is telling draft boards to disregard the Tydines amendment, he isn't talking for the director of selective service" Hershey replied sharply JACK OF ALL TRADES Rushvillc, Mo., (/Pj--Officially E. B. Lott is superintendent o f ' Rushville schools, but .. . During a teacher's illness he had to double in the classroom - Last week the school's janitor- bus driver quit and he had to take over, going to work at 4 a m After school he's coach of the basketball team, and after Friday night's game he had to stay and sweep the gym. Saturdays? He's a butcher in a St Joseph meat market, TRAIN KILLS IOWAN Lineville, (ff) -- Hugh Utton, farmer, was killed Monday when struck by a Rock Island passenger train as he was riding a horse across the tracks at the depot here. The horse and 2 he was leading were killed. Buy yonr W a r . B o n d s and Stamps-from your Globe-Gazette carrier boy. BOMBERS HIT KRUPP FACTORY Pound Oil Plant, Kailyards at Dresden London, (/P)--More than 600 U. S. heavy bombers swept into eastern Germany and hammered a Krupp tank factory at Magdeburg, an oil plant 70 miles south of Berlin and railyards at Dresden and Dessau with 2,000 tons of bombs Tuesday. First reports said they met no fighter opposition. The weather was bad. All 4 targets were within half an hour's flying time of Berlin. Some 650 8th air force fighters flew escort. The Krupps works at Magdeburg produces Mark IV tanks. Some of the 4-engined bombers made round trips of more than 1,000 miles. Carrier Planes Bomb China for Second Day TOKYO CLAIMS 14 Persons LITTLE DAMAGE Halsey's Force Hits ^' Hong Kong, Swatow ' Pearl' Harbor; 0/pf '-- 'Carrier planes of the 3rd fleet turning ,'u" 1 "' lvurtn «J'anr street on mucwo, i«r-^r uigarets, which north after wrecking 69 ships off tne cd e e °f the loop, killing at since last fall have been.one. of French Indo-China, lashed the "iJ persons and injuring 5 the nation's wartime hard-to-get fu^.*.. *- f T» . . » . Others. ' p n m m r i r l i f itic \,,il1 V.*, n,.-- :i -- t*i_ _ i China coast from Honk Kong to Swatow with, bombs and bullets Tuesday. A Pearl Harbor comunique reported without elaboration that Admiral William F. Halsey's air striking forces had opened the attack Sunday - along a 3SO- mile stretch of the coast from Hong Kong north through Swatow to Anoy. Following through M o n d a y , Tokyo said, about 70 carrier Planes bombed and machine- gunned Hong Kong, Canton and Swatow. the latter midway between Hong Kong and Amo'y. Five Planes were shot down and 3 damaged. Tokyo said. "The damage to our side was negligible," the broadcasts added. Formosa, Japanese island bastion athwart the sea aproaches to the China coast, also apparently was hit both days. Pearl Harbor confirmed Sunday's attack and a Tokyo broadcast Monday said 200 carrier planes raided the island next day. The 3rd fleet moved nearly 800 miles north for its latest attacks on the China coast alter scoring its largest one-day toll of the war off French Indo-China Friday-the sinking of 41 ships totaling 127,000 tons and damaging of 28 others totaling 70,000 tons. Two light cruisers and 10 destroyer escorts were among the ships sunk or beached. Two convoys, one of 11 ships and another of 19, were wiped out completely and 3rd decimated. A total of 112 enemy planes was destroyed and 50 damaged. Sixteen Americanyiplanes were lost, but surface forces apparently escaped undamaged. It was one of the most one-sided ·the Pacific war. victories of Fighters paved (he way for the destructive sweeps along a 400- mile stretch of the coast by blanketing 19 airfields and four seaplane bases north and south of Camranh bay at dawn. Fifteen enemy planes were shot down, 77 destroyed on the ground. 20 destroyed on the water and about 50 damaged on the ground. The blow paralyzed the Japanese air force and not an enemy plane oppose the subsequent One convoy of an oiler, four medium cargo vessels, two destroyer escorts and four coastal cargo vessels was sunk in its entirety. All vessels in a second, con- rose to raids. sisting of a light cruiser believed the 5,800 ton Kashii of the Katori class, four destroyer escorts, four oilers, seven medium and small cargo ships and coastal ship either were sunk or damaged forced to beach. BRITISH WAR CASUALTIES -. war in September, 1939 to !ast Nov. 30 totaled 1,043,554, Prime Chicago Hotel Fire Chicago, (IP}--A fast moving, spectacular fire early Tuesday- attacked the 7 story General dart hotel m North Clark street others. Six hours after the* conflagration was discovered firemen con- tinned to search the ruins for bodies of additional persons possibly trapped in the 40 year old stone and frame constructed building. Fire Commissioner Michael J. Corrigan said 13 bodies were found in the wrecked hostelry while one woman was fatally injured when she missed a fireman's net in a jump from a 3rd floor window. Only one of the 14 victims, all of whom were removed to the Cook county morgue, was identified. He was Joseph Feilen, about 61. Scores of persons in the hotel, which contained 75 rooms, were rescued or fled to the streets on r.e escapes. Several leaped to firemen's nets while others were carried down ladders by firemen. Flames and billowing smoke attracted thousands in the loop to the fire and 33 pieces of equipment responded to extra alarm calls sounded. The fire was discovered about midnight and was not brought under control until after 3 a. m. Its origin was not determined immediately but an investigation was underway. Hundreds of spectators saw several of the. trapped occupants leap to safety into firemen's nets from upper rooms of the blazing building. At least a dozen were carrie'd down ladders by firemen. Flames and smoke billowing above the north side of the loop were visible for miles. As Fire Commissioner Michael J. Corrigan, and A. J. Mullaney, assistant fire marshal, led firemen through the still burning hotel in search of other victims who might have been trapped, the walls of the structure threatened to collapse. ; . Bodies of the victims were removed to, the Cook county morgue and hotel employes were called to help in identifying them. At least 2 of the- dead were women--including the woman who was fatally injured in leaping from a 3rd story window. Many of the bodies were badly charred. There .were 60 permanent guests, mostly men, at the hotel. Two servicemen, passing the hotel. when the fire broke out hauled down the lower leaf o f . a fire escape and helped 7 persons on upper floors to descend. They structor Stephan Droter of Toledo. ASKS INCORPORATION Des. Moines, (^--Articles of in- two corporation for the Iowa Wood Preserving company, a Delaware corporation with a postal address at Tama, Iowa, were filed Monday with the secretary of state. The firm, capitalized at 5500,000. T _ J r rn * - i - - i " - - - -- . . - . - » . . . » , -WV* f tut4*.^u al . ^J,JUV,UVU, London, (fe t -- British empire listed its business as the chemical casua ties from the start -.of the treatment of forestry products viuuui-is. Buy your War B o n d s and YEAR AGO: - 7..: 1 ~'j * ...»·*. «uj .iuui »at D n n a s ana Churchill told commons Stamps from your Globc-Gazcttc carrier boy. SMOKERS TO GET 15 CIGARETS Industry to Attempt ' tioh Pla Chicago, (/P) -^-Cigarets, which RUSSIANS HIT POINTS ALONG 600 MILE LINE Threaten Main Rear Communication Line; Advance on Krakow BULLETIN London'. f(/f) -- Marshal Stalin announced Tuesday the red army tiad opened an offensive from 2 Vistula river bridgeheads south it Warsaw. A -special order of the day broadcast by Moscow radio said the assault was led by Marshal Gregory K, Zhukov. The Germans high command announced this powerful Russian drive Monday. London, (/F)--The German high command announced the fall of Sehlossberg, 13 miles inside East Prussia, as Russian armies tore gaping holes Tuesday in nazi defenses along 600 miles of front and seriously threatened one of the main rear communication lines of Warsaw. Nazi broadcasts said "major penetrations" had been made by the Soviets in the Vistula-Bug triangle north of Warsaw and from the Narew ^ bridgeheads south of East Prussia and declared Premier Marshal Stalin's winter offensive' was intended to be the deciding battle of the war. Marshal Ivan Konev's big first Ukrainian army, pounding westward toward Krakow in southern Poland, fought its way into the outer salients of defense of the nazts' Krakow-Warsaw railway line; reputed to be one of the strongest German fortified zones in southeastern Europe. This railway, connecting the Polish capital with Silesia's coal mining and munitions industries, js one of Warsaw's chief arterie* of supply. - ---V-»-*-rfJ Konev's steamroller already was in possession of Kielce on the Warsaw-Krakow only about 49 miles u-, border of German Silesia. Shoving westward- w i t h o u t support of aviation because of fogs,, sleet and snow,'Konev. appeared to be heading straight lor the Warsaw-Silesian line on a sector 20 miles wide. The Berlin radio declared the Russians had sprung a new offensive HI (he Jaslo. area of southern Poland about 85 miles southeast of Kielce, and 70 east of Krakow. This apparently was intended to guard the left flank Krakow*"TM lnt ° the Wa «TM- where. The rationing will not be line and from the commodities, will be available al the rate of about 15 daily to civilians under a voluntary rationing system planned by the National Association of Tobacco Distributors. The association estimated tho average daily civilian consumption last year was slightly more than 11 cigarels. The association, with a membership of 2,800 which controls distribution of cigarels la the-company's 1,250,000 retail outlets, said Monday night that a card system of issuing smokes will be inaugurated within 2 weeks. The plan, described as designed to achieve orderly allotment, would mark the first lime an industry attempted to ration in wartime a scarce commodity. The association's action followed a stand taken by the office of price administration that it would not attempt to, ration cigarets because of the uncertainty of determining the number of smokers. The NATO system did not meet with any immediate objection by the OPA: Under the system numbered va tion cards will be issued by re- --...^ t u u mwns Mondav tailers to consumers who will be greatest 1 day victory sim-p =h required to sign a declaration that ing otf ^vest of the Vi«stiiH i= T they have not obtained cards else- Friday. Vistula last first . d 7- Ve intc the Warsaw- w line was meeting the mass of German referves n reerves now however, and progress may fere Y fhWr e Russians interfere with traffic over the trunk railway southwest of P ? w O U W Strike one of na2i hc of big.: n » P ,, cpe mg the Polish capital M h n q u c said Marshal Ivan S. KoneVs hard- hitting 1st Ukraine army overran ' . The Russian effort ""^V" *»»« inmjn»u£ \vui nut ue .nit: .nussian effort 30011 attempted at outlets for transient still was growing Berlin trade--hotels, railroad and bus nounced that red armies we stations--o rat chain stores. About the move in 10 kev wrinrJ 13 per cent of the available cig- the Baltic to Yugoslavia arets are sold at these places, the Moscow's long silent victorv association estimated. guns sounded off i n volume "rain There is no immediate prospect for the capture of Kielce an fo rany ··substantial" improvement nounced by Premier Stalin in an n supplies this year, the associa- ftder of the day. Kielce. a 6 way II fl 4t«. f.4t*.^ IJT «s~ -- « « » y , e o c a - r o e day. Kielce a B «-a Hon said, stating that in 1914 33 road junction, lies 93 miles south million packs of (ax paid cigarels west of Warsaw and 80 mi!« were produced daily for domestic of the German frontier. consumption, Buy your War B o n d s and Stamps from your Globe-Gazette carrier boy. ' Konev's forces also seized Jedr- zejow and Wodzislaw, junction Weather Report! FORECAST City: Occasional ,, . . ,, , . Tuesday night and Wednesday. Warmer Tuesday night. Lowest about 20. Becoming colder again Wednesday night. Iowa: Snow Tuesday and Wednesday with rising temperatures. Fresh winds. and ^Vednesday, warmer Tuesday night and east Wednesday, becoming c o l d e r northwest Wednesday afternoon, fresh to strong winds with blowing and drifting snow. IN MASON CITY weather statis- G!obe-Gazetle tics: Maximum Monday Minimum Monday At 8 a. m. Tuesday Maximum Minimum ««· i ' 7t "«··«*« w, junction points on the way to Krakow and Zlotniki, 17 miles southwest of Kielce Then, plunging across v,,* , , a , r V w - K «»lc°w highway west of Jedrzcjow, they captured , the village of Trzchoniec in a 16 i mile advance-. n n «, f ° n , the sout hern flank the fall s n o w of Palecznlca placed the Russians only 21 miles northeast of Kra- ·L°}YY a ., kev 'P omt m the enemy's .Polish defense line and guardian of the route to Silesia. Capture of Glogowiany, 28 miles north of Krakow, brought the K o n e v forces within 50 miles of the frontier. Berlin proclaimed the opening of new Russian offensives both north and south of Warsaw. E n e m y broadcasts announced deep penetrations" of German lines at Warka and Pulawy, 30 and 65 miles southeast of Warsaw; In the Bug-Vistula triangle immediately north of the ravaged Polish capital, and a l o n g the Narcw river, 30 miles to Ihe north. The soviet command maintained silence concerning any moves in these areas as w e l l as in East Prussia, where Berlin has been re- porling activity since Saturday. Monday night the German radio said red army troops had broken 23 Minus 6 29 40 IS ^ r _._-.;..?, ,

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