Page 3 article text (OCR)
MARCH 25 1931 (Silo A Lee Syndicate Newspaper Issued Every Week Day by the GLOBE-GAZETTE COMPANY Telephone No. 3800 121-123 East State St WILL. F. MUSE , Editor W- EARL HALL '. Managing Editor LEE P. LOOMIS Easiness Manager JJUSaiBEB OP THE ASSOCIATED PRESS The Associated Press is exclusively entitled to the use for publication of all news dispatches credited to It or not otherwise credited In this paper, and also al local news published herein. SUBSCRIPTION BATES Dally, per year $7.00 Daily, per week..'. IS Outside of Mason City and Clear Lake Daily, per year by carrier. 57.00 Daily, per week by carrier 15 Daily, per year by mail 4.0( 6 months, $2.25; 3 months, $1.25; 1 month .50 Outside 100 mile zone, daily, per year 6.00 6 months Â§3.25 3 months......... 1.75 Entered at the PostofHce at Mason City, Iowa, aa Second Class Matter Let your life lightly dance on the edges of Time like dew on the tip of a leaf. --KABINDRANATH TAG ORE f ROOSEVELT'S DILEMMA - Â·KTEW YORK state democracy is in the quandary Â·*Â· * which has more than once *ssailed it before. With a progressive, decent and able, governor at Albany, it is faced with the misdeeds of its powerful Tammany wing, which has quaint ideas of government and public responsibility. Governor Roosevelt, personally a man of high type and intelligence, is placed in a most embarrassing situation by the recent revelations, and has been driven into a corner by the definite charges of misfeasance against Mayor Walker of New York which we're placed before him by New York City republicans. Up to this time he has merely passed the charges along to Mayor Walker. The whole country will watch the governor's action on this situation, for it is more than a local matter. Governor Roosevelt has been marked for political preferment by his party and by the progressives of the republican party. Hia "friendly enemies" among the insurgent republicans all but offered him their support for the presidency at the recent Washington conference, and the power of the New York democracy in a democratic national convention is proverbial. Moreover, the governor has strength, personal strength, with democratic groups to whom ordinarily a Tammany candidate is anathema. The fate of the next-presidential nomination and election may be hanging on the decision the governor takes within the next few days. Governor Hoosevelt is not the Tammany type, of course. He is associated with Tammany, he owes his election to Tammany, he has Been the leader of the democratic party in. New York state hi which Tammany is the controlling 1 factor. But he is not even as much of a Tammany man as his predecessor, Al Smith, ,whb was essentially an organization leader. Roosevelt ; -' i "*^'--~- - ^it arx)vt;- f ^tnd. : putrf'ae ;the;' ranks, 'but^the- ' ' ; recent investigations of New York City- touches .'[ Governor Roosevelt personally. Nor. Is he in any sense Â·responsible, directly or indirectly. His concern has been .state administration, and he has been a good governor. But there are a number of his political supporters, and perhaps a few of his New York City intimates, who are tarred with the graft brush. And it is obvious, to say the least, that the New York City administration, which is Tammany in action under the Walker regime, has not maintained the levels of decency, ability and honor which Governor Roosevelt has hefd at Albany. What comes now? Will Governor Roosevelt use the authority of his office to clean up the mess in New York City? Or will he pass the buck back to the municipal agencies and so pass by on the other side, having clearly, by so doing, contributed to the covering and protection of grafters? Or will he boldly and frankly perform his duty against the corruptionistg, and so challenge his friends and supporters in Tammany? The issue is clear; the decision will reveal much of the character and fitness of Franklin Roosevelt for the presidential chair. If he plays politics now, it must follow that independents and progressive democrats and republicans will turn away, disappointed -they cannot support a mau who fails to challenge graft and corruption without stultifying themselves. On the other hand, to defy' the might of Tammany is very likely to lose the New York state delegation for his .candidacy before the convention -- and without that it is doubtful if any man can get the necessary two- thirds needed for nomination. Tammany has placed Governor Roosevelt in a difficult .position. What will he do? MASON CITY GLOBE-GAZETTE A STEP IN THE RIGHT WAY A BILL by Senators Doran and Ickis now before the legislature would reduce membership on county boards of supervisors to three in Iowa except in Polk and Woodbury counties. In those counties the authors believe that a greater membership is warranted. By a vote of 28 to 15 the measure passed the upper house. That's encouraging. Doran and Ickis are on the right traclr. If they follow it intelligently and faithfully enough, they will find that it leads to something in county management which corresponds-to the city manager form of government in the municipal domain. Reducing boards from five or'seven members to three is a step in the process toward centering responsibility in the few. The next step will be to see that those in whom responsibility is placed are qualified to do their job. OTHER EDITORS THERE SHE STANDS; JUDGE FOK YOURSELF ^ . " Bluffs Nonpareil: I n h i s world-famed "reply to Hayne" Webster took occasion, to defend the Z y fi y t nd P atriotis "i of his state, Massachusetts Critics had assailed this record. ' 'Mass achule Its' S ^Y ta M 3 ; Beh Â°i d her and 3 ' ud S e ** yourself-; There is her history; the world knows it by heart The past at least is secure. There is Boston and Concord and Lexington and Bunker Hill; and there they will remain forever." Let us paraphrase; Iowa university! There she rv*^ OW h ^ ^ d 3 ' uclge for yourself .'There Is her history; the world knows about it and appreciates 'it. There is the children's hospital with marvelous cures fpartL Cre * lt -V the , medical mstit "te which stands among leaders of its class in the world; there is a student body increasing so rapidly that facilities are taxed to their limit to care for them; there In this Iowa university town is the center of literature and culture in the country where a few vears ago there was almost barren waste in this field. If future generations of our people are grateful and appreciative they will, when these truly iplendid d *? ^ helr reward3 ' recog y n iz rS and devoted' service to their state and their fellowmen with appropriate and lasting memorials. On these tablets will appear the names of Jessup Boyd, Gemmill and others whom critics now seek to discredit by charging them with lobbying Regardless of what may be done" in this line the university as it stands today will be their monument. The effort to discredit these university builders H U T? 1( L Vel With that of M! Â«ters to discredit Lincoln ana Hughes to mar the_ record of Washington. MAYBE HOOVER WAS RIGHT Fairmont Sentinel: "Slowly, sort -of gradual like It is dawning upon the bonused soldiers that the new bill doesn't permit them to 'draw half the face value of their certificates now.' They can't draw a cent ^Â» m o 6 ? ^ is to borrow s Â°me money from Uncle Sam at 4% per cent interest, putting up gilt-edged security therefor, at the rate of two dollars of security for each dollar borrowed, something auv skinflint money lender would do for just a little more interest. Veterans who are borrowing on their policies are being gypped, just the same as they would be bv anv money loaner, for the interest. Here's eomethine they may not have thot of. Take ?1,000 as .the face of a bocus certificate. The man borrows $500 thereon The interest is 4y 2 per cent annually. Of course not in one caje in a hundred does he intend to pay the interest. He'll let it accumulate to be deducted- when the other $500 represented by his certificate matures fifteen years hence. He doesn't 'stop to think' that the interest, without compounding-, will amount to $337.50 by 1945, so instead of having another 5500 coming he'll be lucky if he has anything- coming, at best only a paltry sum. By .that. time he'll reason that 'drawing aUZ Ms Â· bonus* in 193i" wÂ»Â«rh r f -em/*vo Vtnf vÂ» 1r iiÂ« n r,Â« ^ n ~i DID YOU KNOW? t Illustrated Question Box R. j. SCOTT- M I L K , PLOUR, SALAD PRESS) Nq , LUBRICATING AND tU-UMINArrtNG O I L , g"LYCER.INE., PAINT, VARNISH. C E L L U L O I D , PRIS1TINC5 |Nk , SOAP, WA-TERPROOF , EXPLOSIVES, LINOLEUM, R U B B E R , CQffÂ£.B. AMD MARCJARINE CAN BE MApE PJ2.QM BEAM OP -THIS CHA.NCE o "FI WCJE.R PRINT'S BEING ALIKE. 1^ Bur 1.-to 5 4,OOO.OOp.. BUS HORSE WON -THE DIET and HEALTH By LOGAN CLENDENING, M. D. Author of "THE HUMAN BODY" Dr. Clcndenlng cannot diagnose or give personal answers to letters from readers. When questions ara of general interest however, they win bo takn ill), la order, In tho dally column Address your queries to Dr. Logan Clendcning. care ot The Gtobo.Gazette. Write legibly and not mare than 200 words. OUT OF THE WHEAT MARKET T 11 * 12 farln board has served notice upon the wheat growers that no more government funds will be employed to stabilize the price of that grain during the present year. That puts it up squarely to the producers to curtain production. The government nas invested a half billion dollars in an experiment. At the present time 200,000,000 bushels of wheat is being withheld from the market. This purchase averted the severe break in the domestic price of this primary crop which occurred in Canada and in other wheat producing countries. The operation artificially sustained the American price at twenty cents or more above the world quotation. Its effect haa been to spare the farming areas of the United States the misfortune which has befallen wheat growers elsewhere. ' The farm board went into the wheat business when f'_ it was seen that co-operative organizations were not strong enough to finance the withholding of the growing surplus from the market. The protected price served to encourage an increase rather than a decrease in acreage. The government cannot indefinitely hold the bag. The f huge wheat accumulation in the-hands of the farm board, depresses the world market and 'prevents its dumping at prices which will reduce the loss to the government. The law of supply and demand cannot be permanently set at naught. Failure on the part of the wheat growers to reduce .creage, which burdened the farm board with the re- Iponslbllity to protect them from a procedure which a contrary to economic law, offers proof that govera- enta! Interference in agriculture cannot succeed aa iermanent policy. bonus" in. 19.31. wasn't "such- a hot business deal Of - course'ttS--tlJiÂ£ ijajtewesfr ia "compounded he practically nothing- comifig wHerr the certificate matures. He will in actual fact have settled with Uncle Sam at fifty centa on the dollar." THE MAN WHO WAS SLAPPED Jaiiesville, Wis., Gazette: Probably Gopher Prairie will be glad to learn that Sinclair Lewis got a good slapping from the overwhelming and ponderous Theodore Dreiser, who has a hand like a smoked ham. Ve agree to remain neutral here. We do not care which one got licked. Mr. Lewis has a case of exaggerated ego and mental dyspepsia emphasized since te drew the Nobel prize. Mr. Dreiser can drool thru mpre pages than any writer since G. P. R. James with his three volume novel vogue of the long ago where "a solitary horseman" always "might have been seen riding," etc. ad lib. A slapping match with Dreiser and Lewis would' be like Dynamite Dunn and his atest antagonist furnished by the irritating Joe T enks. If it settled anything it settled that Mr. Lewis an be .slapped. "PRETTY RAW" Grundy Register: The S. U. I. investigation is glt- ing pretty raw. The way the committee is going -bout it one almost forms the conclusion that it s after a band of thieves and that it is going to be badly disappointed if It doesn't find them We have been pointing with pride at bur state university and have regarded it as one of the finest and greatest m the country. It will take more evidence man has been submitted so far during the legislative hearing to convince a majority of Iowa people that the university management has been ejther^ blind or crooked. THE BEGINNING OF A POET Kosstith County Advance: By the way, have we ever revealed how George Free came to write verse? George tells it himself. Years ago, maybe along about 1915, he concocted something about the sidewalk bridge over the ravine near the Chubb home. This was his first offense. He brot it to this writer, who commended it highly. And that was what started George on his career. Since then he has written enough poems to fill a book, and for quality we, for one, will rank them with Eddie Guest's--which may or may not be libel! - DIABETES NOT BAD ANYMORE TAIABETES is riot a bad disease to have any more Â·L- 7 A woman who has had diabetes for some time wrote up her experiences and her cooking recipes She submitted the manuscript to me. I hope to get it published before long-, as it will be a great boon to people with diabetes. We were casting about for a title; someone suggested "My Demon, Diabetes.' But it -Was obviously inappropriate The woman looked so healthy and so happy. She agreed, herself, it would be more to the point to cal it "My Friendly Diabetes." As a matter of fact, the diag nosis of diabetes often saves a per son's life--or at least greatly pro longs it. The man or woman on th shady side of 50, who has been go ing along under a full head o steam, overeating and overexertinc for the needs of .such a body, aud d : disco - Dr. : r discovers "tiiat^ th ere, Â· 1 pressing and frightening-. SUPPORT OF AUTHORITIES COMMENDED Albert IXMI Tribune: Let the Minnesota university heaas alone in their troubles with the suspended liquor drinking students. We commend the students who are supporting the faculty in its determination to keep discipline. Fellowship' of Prayer A Daily Lenten Feature Presented in Co- Operation With the Federal Council of the Churches of Christ in America CHAINS OF GOLD (Read Luke 18:18-30. Text, Luke 18:23). He was very sorrowful: for he was very rich. "It goes by vories," as Janey said in De Morgan's story. That happiness is inversely as one's wealth is a suggestion to ponder. We may not miss the fine character of this man. Mark says that'Jesus loved him. He had noble aspirations. Wealth had not blinded him to the finer things than money would buy. But he was accustomed to comforts which he would' not relinquish, to refinements without which life would seem bare. He had a position and a prestige which came with his wealth, and would go with it. He was not free- his wealth mastered him. As much as any slave he was bound, tho with chains of gold. Either too much or too little may be made out of this story. Jesus did not ?o about telling rich men to give up their wealth. But he did say that very thing to this man. To the man who aspires greatly wealth is a bond. Prayer: O God, Who hast chosen thT poor to be rich in faith, deliver us from the corruptions of wealth and from all covetousness, which is idolatry. Thru Jesus Christ our-Lord. Amen.' ' There is list that can "be give us sounded at on the diet of treatment begin to appear, I IT1 oiirt'U n f * U ^ u_n _ - . Â° f the to a human body to^c^^^a*^TM*^ on the *Â»* Â«Â«** One could cite hundreds of people who have had too much! Dieting after middle age, however, everybody knows, is not willingly embraced unless there is a good and definite reason for it The nlea- sures. of the table are about the only pleasures the elderly have. And they proceed, as the saying is to dig their graves with their teeth. . lea Uvre3 ' et Ia vie est triste," sighed r ^ J have read cvervthi iB and life Â° W3 are not as used n , Pe ?/ii e ttre " ke!y to te bored - Such is ^e dilemma of middle age. But there still remains the happiness of eating. And we fall to with gusto three times a day in spite of the fact that wl have not used up enough energy to justify one meal. It is too bad we cannot restrain ourselves. That is why the policeman diabetes comes really as a friend 'and not as an enemy, .^""l 1 "?." ce . nls '" C Â°L" fÂ« ea 8 ch n nnd E a "elf! JUST FOLKS Copyrighted 1031 "By E HO Alt A, GUEST" NOT FOR HOME CONSUMPTION Aa a writer of books with a brilliant mind He lauded the follies of human kind. "Respectable people," wrote he, "are flat And as dull to see aa a last year's hat. They live by mottoes and age-old saws. They go to church and keep the laws. They work for wages and pay their bills, Leave money to charity In their wills, But they're morons all, for they still believe In Santa Claus' visits on Christmas eve." As a writer of books he battered down The names 6f all who had gained renown, He ran thru the list of the nation's dead Â· And this you would learn if his work you read. They were no better for all they'd done Or the faith they'd shown or the fame they'd won Who chases the women or guzzles beer, For he could prove on his printed page They had all the faults or their day and age. Now a son is traveling the towu around 1 Who is greatly disturbing this mind profound, And this author of books Has taken the whim To speak, not as writer, but father to him. This urge for wildness is causing him grief- In original folly he's losing belief, And he says to the boy: "It would please me best If you'd practice Uie virtues I seem to detest. So cut out the nonsense--you' know what I mean-Be honest, be manly, be fair, be clean." EARLIER DAYS Bring n Dnllj- Compilation of Intcrcstlne Facts from tho "Twenty Years Ago" Files ul tlio Glotc-Gazclte. .MARCH 25, 1011 " A rooster that was about to he offered up as sacrifice to the Sunday dinner epidemic was about to get his at the Stott meat market this morning when he broke away from a hoy who was about to apply the ax. He made a beeline for the first back door he saw open which happened to be the Cobb Housefurnishing company, into which he darted and for 10 minutes the big place sounded like mother's hen coop during setting time. The rooster managed to evade his pursuers for .some time by darting under the furniture or flying to some lofty perch. The teachers and pupils of' the Grant school are planning another one of their good suppers to be given at the building next Wednesday evening, March 29. This is to help pay for a victrola which has been installed recently in the school. Come and enjoy a good supper and a worthy cause. Letters received by friends in the city from former Judge and Mrs. Clifford Smith indicate that after June 1 they will make their'home in Brooklyn N Y The residence will be on Quary Road. Their residence will be in Boston up to that time. The reason for the move, while not definitely known, is understood to friends to indicate that Judge Smith, will be connectet with the i-igal department of the church giving his attenttoiztifsttiiigtitenine. the tegal.ead of the estate of the late Mrs. Eddy. Judge Smith has been reader for the Mother church, Boston, since leaving here three years ago. Mrs. H. C. Shipman arrived home this afternoon from Marengo, 111., where she was called several weeks ago by the serious illness of her daughter. Mr. Shipman returns this evening. Dr. Hemphill, Plymouth, was in the city today. He was accompanied by his sister, Miss Kittle Hemphill, Swaledale, who left for home today after a visit with relatives here. In the high school gymnasium last evening, the junior boys played the faculty in a basketball game and gave them a little skinning. At the end of the last half the scores stood 31 to 17 in favor of the juniors. In addition to the Junior-Faculty game the middy boyg played the blouse boys according to girls rule.s. The players wore maiden attire and according to the feminine ruling, the blouse-laddies won the victory. Miss Carmelita Hamblin won the second place in the district oratorical contest at Blkader last evening against 12 competitors. Miss Hamblin received the most applause of any of the contestants. Waterloo won first place. Arthur Johnson is now with the Gildner brothers naving become associated in the sales department last Thursday. Mr. Johnson is one of the best clothing men in the northwest and has legion of friends in Mnson City and vicinity whom he will be glad to greet in iis new place. On account of the Inclement weather, the millinery display will be continued tomorrow, Tuesday. Misses McCormick. The high school this morning voted for mayor and 'or United States senator. The vote indicated that Stanton will be the next chief executive of the city and that Kenyon will be the next senator. The vote was: Stanton, 97; Cummings, 46; Peedan, 42; Norris, 33; Kirachman, 29; Mott, 4; Brenneck, 0. The vote for senator was: Kenyon, 101; Porter, 73, and Deemer, 25. Old papers--big bundle, 5 cents at this office. Read this backwards: Backwards Everything, evening Tuesday on parlors church at social basket give will church Baptist of people young The A piano recital was given by pupils of Miss Ida J. Knock at her home, 615 North Adams avenue, Saturday afternoon. Following is the program given: Lilly of the Valley, Sartoroo--Hattie Leach; Perpetual notion, HImmelreich--Lois Finch; June Roses, Spanking--Lola Mason; Holiday Echoes, Wolcott--Esther ?agenhart; Dance at Avignon, Oehmler--Lela Mason; Dreams of My Mountain Home, Rathbun--Dorothy HcPeak; Serenade Coquet, Renard--Lois Finch; Softy Sings the Brooklet, Wenzel--May Youngblood; A Quaint Dance, Martin--Katharyn Mensch; duet, Morris Dance, Atherton--May Youngblood and Dorothy McPeak. _~s*--Frederic J. H a s k i n Q. What per cent of men are bald headed? What per cent red headed? H. N. A. About 50 per cent are more or less bald. Two per cent have red hair. Q. How many adjusted service certificates are held by veterans in tlio state of New York? In California? A. Three hundred sixty thousand in New York; 191,038 in California. Q. How many of our marines are now In Nicaragua? C. H. A. About 'a thousand. It is planned to withdraw about half of them by June. Q. What is the meaning of the rard "gigolo?" P. tÂ». A. The word is applied to a man who can be employed to act as an escort at a dance, dinner or function of a similar nature. The word is in popular use in France where it is pronounced as if spelled zhee go lo. Over the radio one hears it pronounced as if spelled jig go lo. Q. Did Frank Mtinsey make ail his money as n, publisher? f. H. A. He laid the foundation of his fortune in the publishing business, but made a great deal by investing in the stock of U. s. steel corporation. Q- How much is the Dorchester hotel In London to cost? R. L. A. Approximately 510,000,000. Q. How much did the new snnlic house In tho Washington zoo cost? A. Ib cost about $200,000. Q. Are restaurants socialized in Russia? K. c. A. The use of these restaurants is increasing rapidly, the fundamental idea being to eliminate the wastefulness of home cooking. In 1929-30 about three million meals were prepared daily and it is planned to increase this rate to 800,500,000 in 1930-31. Large kitchen factories are built m many industrial centers catering to workers as well as their families. Family subscription coupons are sold at reduced rates and special dining rooms for children are being organized. Q. How many Bibles nrc sold annually In the world? J. C. A. According to a survey made K 1930, there were sold in. the fear 1929 thruout the world approximately 36,500,000 Bibles or parts of Bibles. The American Bible society in this year sold 11,102.G44 Bibles or parts of Bibles. The cheaper editions predominate and single books of the New Testament and the Psalms are the greatest sellers. Operating from 1816, the American Bible society Bibles or has -sold parts of 216,198,915 Bibles. Q, They say that republics are ungrateful, but didn't Colombia give Simon Bolivar a big pension? G. H. A. Tlie .Colombian congress voted Bolivar a pension, of 530,000 but ha did not accept it. Q. How does Turkey compare in slzo with somo of tho American slates? L. IX A. Turkey in Europe Is now slightly larger than Massachusetts. The entire Turkish republic la slightly larger than New Mexico and California. Q. Who described architecture as frozen music? I. G. A. Goethe. Thousands of Kovcmment experts are ivorUlnj: constnnlly fr,r thb benefit of nil citizens nf tlin tlnltpd Slntes. Tlicy will work directly for you If you will call for tho frultn of their labors thru our WlMll- InRlon tmmui. stato your Inquiry briefly, \vrllo ctcnrly and, Inclosing 2 cent atumrt tor n, personal Ictlcr In rflilj-, nddrcss Oio ulnlKvGttzeite Information Hurtatl, Fred!?",, J ' Ila Â» Wn Hlrector, Washington, THE EDITOR'S MAIL BAG THINKS KAISER WOULD AGREE PLYMOUTH, March 23.--I was both interested and amused regarding a recent communication in tha "Editor's Mail Bag" from a Carpenter woman who seemed to feel aggravated over the appearance of the wood cut o( tha kaiser in a re-i cent issue of the Globe-Gazette. Sho made the remark that it would have been better had he never been born. I honestly believe that the poor kaiser could heartily express the same wish. He must feel his now lowly condif-jon considerably and tha thot mu=t remain with him that the cause of hia downfall was a very much over estimated idea of hia own ability. As the Globe-Gazette hog not recently published any mora wood cuts of the kaiser we presume the Carpenter lady is still on tho subscription list, MRS A. LARAWAY. BO-BROADWAY TBy Josnrn VAN BAAI.T MEW- YORK, March 25.--A -'apin- *Â· ' ster died the other day leaving half a million dollars and 1,000 relatives have stepped forward to file claims. And lawyers for the hundred and thirty million Wendel estate are receiving letters from "relatives" at the rate of 500 a day. If the number continues unabated the surrogate will have to hold court in the Yankee stadium. How does the old saying go?-"God gives us our relatives. Thank 3od we can choose our friends. v Â» Â· Â« POIFFURE A LA RAINBOW-^ Something ought to be done to preak the hold that the Paris 'ashion racketeers exert on certain diluted female minds in Manhat:an. They've got 'em wearing- wigs this spring, of npp!e green, carrot red, blue, vermilion and platinum ~rey. Park avenue these fine afternoon iooks like a Swiss sunset, vith hair on it. TTH RILL OF T R Y I N G--Mary A Roberts Rinehart tells of call- ing one day upon Alice Paul, "champion of women's rights, and finding her stretched oil her bed in a state of exhaustion. "What will you do with suffrage, when you get It?" Mrs. Rinehart asked. f'l don't care," Miss Paul replied, "the only think that interests roe is to get it." Â· Â· Â· THE ENGLISH CROOK--Jack Wilstach, having written a mystery yarn, went over to London. and investigated Scotland Yard and the English crime situation. ' "It's my belief," he says, "that British police methods are not so good, but tlie crooks over there are feeble and backward; they should send representatives over here to study modern, r a c k e t e e r i n g methods." Years ago, George Aclc summar- zed the British lack of enterprise n crime.-He said that if the murder rate was low in England, it was because the English were overlooking a lot of first class opportunities. Who's Who and Timely Views PROBATION SCIENTIFIC DETERRENT OF CRIME By SANFORD BATES Director, U. S. Bureau of Prisons. _SunroriI Bates WHH horn at Boston. Mfisa.. July 17, igs-l. Hi la YOU'RE THE JUDGE Â·"THREE MEN stood arraigned, charged with break- 1 ing into a store. Taking of evidence began. The evidence showed that Lukes, one oÂ£ the three men, mocked out a window from the rear of a store and entered it. When he came out with an armful of oods, the other two. Wedge and Ryan, waiting on the outside, took charge of it. After Lukes had trans- "erred one armload to Wedge a policeman suddenly came around the corner of the alley. He saw what was going on and gave chase, and after a while, with some help that gathered, the three were captured. It was decided to try the three separately. When he trial of Wedge came up he pleaded not guilty. How would you decide this cose? Malte up your mind before you read tho decision. The decision: The court helil /or Wedge. Tho juclpc* reasoned thus: ' In statutory offense* where the plain Interest r,t Ihe ntntute Is ci InfUct punishment only on the person actually commltllnK the ffenne, others cannot be brot within Its provisions as principals pon proof that they aro alders and abettors. N ARRIVING at a solution the important problem of how to deal with the law breaker we should bear in mind that there is really but one major consideration, that is, the protection to the public. Only as the various activities in our criminal jurisprudence operate to this end will wo make any way. real head- I mean by this that it would be unfair and unwise to single out any depart-----~ ment or activity Sanrord Batca of our cr j me con . trol machinery and compare it, favorably or unfavorably, with other activities. Prisons, for example, are not pleasant places. They have come in for considerable adverse criticism. Of course they should be properly and intelligently operated, but they should be considered as parts of a larger system, each branch of which understands the other and Â· works in harmony with It. The police, district attorneys, courts, probation service, the reformatories and prisons and the parole machinery will work much more effectively if they work with mutual understanding and co-operative effort. We would emphasize the Important part which probation plays in tho governmental scheme. Probation is that measure of control over an individual convicted of crime, imposed by a court in lieu of commitment to a penal institution, whereby the individual may be restrained, improved and reformed thru supervision and guidance of a duly qualified officer and under which the individual may, without further trial, be confined in an institution for failure to meet its demands. The point that I wish to make is that probation is not a magio formula or philosopher's stone which, can be expected to reform criminal over night. It !s, however, a modern, scientific and humanitarian adventure in penology which, properly administered, plays an indispensable part in protecting our communities from the expense and danger of criminal activities. It would ill become, therefore, the advocates of probation to base their claims of public support solely upon the criticism of our reformatories and prisons. My plea Is that we should demand that in each system of criminal Jurisprudence probation departments should be organized to function co-operatively with, the other activities.