The Evening Post from New York, New York on June 11, 1818 · Page 2
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The Evening Post from New York, New York · Page 2

New York, New York
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Thursday, June 11, 1818
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a.' S : ,;i ..'s - .f - : .' . '1.1' 4 If" t. il ill - - i - - r . t ,1 , 7 ! J : i JfgmTORK Er&Nim POST. THURSDAY, JUNE 11. Mr. King's speech on tint navigation flc Tbt pioiooa and reflections of Ihii great jnn tad - profound Utmaa, "hich - we thii evening pub - ' li - h, M atopic of vital importatkw to tb United - ' State, sod deeply aCccling the darling interest , ; of Great BrHalnja topic, concerning which it may i M considered 91 probable the two nauoo will one day be at er ioui ttsae, ought to rouse and caaMuand the attention of every in who feels . , tu be ought to do lor tie Welfare and the honor ' of this country. Thank God ! we have yet a - 'l ". ' moo j iw, a f w men, of enlarged minds, ho have v capacity to nodentand our true national inter - ' est, and ability to explain and enforce Ukim mea - iurbet calculated to promote them. While we ' - hare auch a nan to represent ui in the national ' councils a (he author of this speech, whom we .' jnay boldly compare with the ablest member of ' . either bouto of parliament, in every qualification ' that fortnt the cooumiuate atatesman, the itate of New - York may assume a prood elevaticn in r the Uuion. ; From tht Notional InttUigenccr, June 9. SENATE OF THE UNITED STATES. April 3, 1818. Agriculture, manufactures, and foreign ccm - Bierce, Mid Mr. Kin, are the true source of , wealth and power of uations ; agriculture is the ." thief and well rewarded occupation of our po - pie, and yiel 1, iu addition to what we waut for our use, a great surplus for exportation. Manu - - factum are ainkiug a sure and steady progress ; and, with the abundance of lood and of raw ma - . facials, which the country affords, will, at no instant day, be sufficient, in the principal branch a, for our own consumption, and furuLh a valuable addition to our exports. Eut, without shipping and seamen, the sur - ' : plnsses of agriculture and of manufactures would depreciate on our hands ; the cotton, tobacco, bread stuffs, provisions and manufactures, would ' turn out to be of little worth, unless we have ships and marioers to carry them abroad, and to . distribute them iu the foreign market. Nations have adopted dittereut theories, as re - . apects the assistance to be derived from naviga tion; tomnnare oeen couicut wium pwivn hi - riga commerce owning no ship themselves, bat depending on foreigners and foreign vessels to bring to them their supplies, and to purchase . M them their surpluses; wiin omers, anu at - 'most erery modern nation that borders uoo the ocean, have preferred an active foreign trau', carried on, as far as consistent with the reciprocal rights of others, by national ships and seamen. . A deacadance upon foreign navigation subjects those who are so dependant, to the known disadvantages anung from foreign wars, ana to the expetoe and n - lt or the navigation 01 oeiu - ' gereut nations the policy of employing a national .hipping i, therefore, almost universally approved ami adopted ; it afiVdj not only a more certain means of prosec iitin foreign commerce, "but the freight, as wall as the profits of IraJe, is added to the stock of the nation. - The value and iuiportarce of national shipping and national teamen, have created among the great mariiime powers, and particularly in England, a strong desire to acquire, by restrictions find exclusion", a disproportionate share ol the general commerce of the world. As all nations have equal rights, and each may claim equal advio'arcs in its intercourse with o - thf - r., the true theory of inter - national commerce Is one or equality, and of reciprocal nenclit; this theory gives to rnterprite, to skill and to ca pital. Ihcirlii't an.! natural ah aula?'; any o - tht r jc - heoie merety arti2ci:.l ; and so far as it .aims at advantages over th.isn who adhnre to L thn cpefi syitrm, it aims at profit at the expence ' of natural nntice The colonial ayslem being founded in this '. vicious theory, has therefore proved to be the litiilful source of di - isatisfjrtion, insecurity and war. AccoHir.f; to thi system, the colo - . nieswere depressdl below the runk of their fellow subjects, and the r. Hi of their inatis trv and their intercourse w'th foreign conn tries, placed under difl'ercnt regulations frnm those of the inhabitants ol the mother country i it was the denial to Americans r.f the r'mlits enjoyed by Englishmen, that produced the tncrican revolution - and the same cai - ,e, . greatly working the cams cfl'ect b Soutli Amcrici. A,tiiojJ the naviitors and di.covcrerj 1' the fifteenth and kixtoetith c.nvurii;j, t'lr Dutch became liiijMy di5ti.v;uiilied, and, by iterprize, economy mid perseverance, make Uieinelvcs tlie en'rept nj'Kunipe and it was not until the mi J, In - of the fourteenth century tiiat Kngland passed her naviatiua act, whicl had for its object, to curtail th: iikvialioii o the Dutch and to t xteiut tier own. Acc'rdiii to Uiis act, the whole trade and intci course between Kngland, Asia, Africa and America, were confined to the shipping and mm ir.ers of Kngland ; and the intercourse between' England and the rest of Europe w., placed under regulations' which, in a great measure, confined the same, to English ships and seamen. This act was strenuously opposed by the Dutch, and proved the occasion of he obstinate naval wars that afterwards followed. ' was victorious, persUted in her navigation act, and, in the end, broke down the monopoly in trade which the Dutch n isscssed. That in vindication of ber equal rulit to na vigate the ocetn, England shouM ho rtsi'tH the mononolv of the Dutch and freelv xieil - i her biuod aud treasure to obtain her just share of the gcoeial CMnmerce, desrrveil the approUa tion of all imnrtial rneu. lint, having accom . pUshed this o Meet, that she sh.mld herstlf aim at aud in the eud rsUbltsh, the same exclusive sy tcai, tiad on a more extemlru scale, is nuiilier cxuistnnt wild her own i.tuiiame principles, nor .compatible with the rights ol otbcv ; wba relatively to her monooly now, are in the like situ - ati jo towarrii Englanrl, tn which Kngland was tow.trds the Dutch, when she asserted and made good ber rigbt against them. By the English art of navigation, the trade of the colonies is reitraiutd to the dominions of the mother county, and none but enIub ships arc al'owed to engage in it. So Inng as colonics aro within such limits ai kav.i to other aatinnt a convenient resort to foreign markets for the exchange or the goridi vrhich tUey liar to sell, for those they want to ty, so locg this system is tolerable ; ' u il the power of a state enables it to increase ti e number of its colonics sod dcendant territories s.i that it becomrs lite mistress of the great milit.irs and commercial stations ttir hout the glohe, thi extension of dominion, and tha nm - qui - iii monopoly of commerce, seem to be incompatible with, and uecrsauily to hridj the n ill lights of other state. la the late rtebate ofthe Eng.ish psrliament the Minister ia the houtt of I (ir.11 atikls.H lVtt insirad of I? tfaouai ium. eiUploy( asroal iu MUiough a aubject cf doubt heretofore, this 1791, forty - oee thootand wi - re htm (l ilG) te - 'tru'Ji is now so weil unJerrtocd, and to uuiver - fluired, exclusive of thise tint were serting in sally admated, that it would be to mipend the w mnic ki in i.i.ii. i urn cnena nttv Das 4 vm.ipi vn'niiev, ia an ui wnicu troops are ne - cestary ; that sixteen of these principnl colonies were acquired sjoce 1791, and six of them grown into that rank froa mere colonial dependencies An t, in the llouof Coremnus, the Minister, al - ludiug tn tit aroitiMtioos made duhng ti.e ynsr w ith Etance, said, that Engl.'nd bad acqcire.1 what, ia former dnjs, would bae h - en th vght romsnce she had acquired the keys of everj ' Creat miKUrv itatinn " U. k i3. aggrandis - m ntof Lr taaa has becssaasurh. th n...i..t. acu,asthemta it - agaiast roOnofHily, aifd devised tho aavigatioa a - .t to break ttdowa, could oeter have anticipated; and it may, ere long, concern other tion to enquire whether laws and principles, applicable to the narrow limits of English dominion aad commerce, at the date of tbe oavigatica act, when colonies and commerce, and even navigation itself, where comparatively in their Infancy 1 law and principles aimed againit mono poly, and adopted to secure 10 England her just share in the general commerce and navigation of the worid, ought to be red hy England to ptr - petnate in her own band a system eqoaHy a exclusive, and far more comprehensive, than that which Kie was th chief agent to about h. Our commercial tystcm is aq open one our oorts and our cosamerca ar free to all we nei ther poonesr, nor desire to powem, colonies ; nor do we object that others should poetess them, unless thereby th genera commerce of the world be so abriired, that we are restrained in our in tercourse with foreign countries .wanting our supplies, and furuif hiug, in return, these which w sun a m ueu of. - But, it is not to tho colonial ay&tem, hot lo a new principle, which, in modern times, has been incorporated with those of the navigation act, that w now object. . According to this act, 00 direct trade or intercdurse can be carried on be tween a colony and a foreign canntrv : but, bv the free - port bill, passed in the present reign, the En&IUh contraband trade, which had been long pursued, in violation or bprjuth laws, between th KnglL - h and Spanish colonics, was sanctioned aud regulated by an English act of parliament ; anu, since the wiiepenueure of the United States, Eugland has pasted law, opening an intercourse aud trade betweeu the West India coloHies aud tho l'iiite.1 Stater, aud, rx - rluOiug the shipping of the United M:Uff, has ronrined the samo to Engli - h ships and sanitn ; departing by this law not only f om the principles of Ui Davigat.ou hit, which she was at liberty to do, by opeuiug a direct intercourse between the col n,csa:il a foreign eountiy, but Cootrollin, vrlhch the hud no authority to do, the reciprocal rights ofthe Uuitrd itatcs to employ their own vcsreli to carry it 011. Colonics Icing parts cf tin nation, arc subject to its rgtilatioiiS but, when :m iutcaourtj and trade are opened between colonics aud a fui tin country, the foreign country b.( nines a party, and has a reciprocal claim to employ iu owu vessels, equally in (be intercourse and trade with such coloiiies, as with airy other t.urlol the uu tion to which tliev belmig. . UoverumenU owe it to the tru:t conaded tJ them, carefully to watch over, and If all suit able means to promote, the general wtlfarc; and while, on arcouut of a small or doubtful in - runveoieucc, they will not disturb a beneficial inttrculirse Lotween their peoplo and a foreign country, LVy ouht not to omit the interpositiou of their correct! re authority, whenever an important puMic interest is invaded, or theuatloniil reputation affected." It is gool not to try experiments in states, unless tho noceMty be urgent, or the utility evident i and we ll to beware, that it bo the reformation that d. awtili i n ll.e change, aud not the desire of chauge Uiat pre tendulh the refonuation." In this cae the importance of the reformation is seen and acknowledged by everv one, and th delay that has occurred in the making of it may call lor explanation. We are unable tostato with accuracy the ton - nage and seamen employed brfo - e the revolution, in the trade between the territories of the Uni ted Stales and the other EngU - h colonies, but it is known to have been a principal branch of the American navigation. The colonic - j that England has inre acquired from France, Spaiu and Holland, together with ilia increase J population of the old colonies, require more thips aud seamen to be employed in the trade now than were engaged m it before toe mucpeuuen' - e ol the United Mates. Without reference to the tonnage and trade between the United Slates and the Englith West livha colonics, during the late wars between Kngland aud France, which, by reason of the suspension of the Englhh navigation act, aud '.he neutrality or the United States, will afford no standard by which the tonnage aud trade of peace rnu be ascertained the present custom house returns are the best documents that we ran consult upon this tubjVt. According to a late report from the department of Ihc treasury, the tonnage employed in this trade duritig tht year 1816, which may be taken as an average, amounted to one hwadred ar. J two thr.iis n. J ton;, reqa'ting between five and ?ix t.iou. - and scaraui. There may be some error in this return, though wc are 11 A able to drtcct it tho magnitude and importance i.f the shipping an I seamen eog'.tic.l iu this trade, will be mori - . readily undrri'tootl by compari on than nthoi wio. 'I he tonnage tliiu employed exceeds thn whole tonii'ige emplot etl 'y ihc Ktigli - h t'jk. t India Company iu i'.s trade wit'i Asia; is nearly a mot' ty of the America:! tnd Eugli - h tonnage employe 1 hetworn the Uni ted States and Eaglan I, and h r possesions in r.urope is equal to 1 1,9 Ani. - ri .an tvnage rm pl'iyed lclween the United States un l England, end is abunst an eighth part of t tic wiioli reu - lered tonnage ol" the United States. To the lo?of pri - ti's nlixh would accrue fu ni an equal participation iu IhU Ira le, may be ad.! - ed the Ion ol an equal share of the freights ni nit bv the vessels engaged in it the araoimi where nfmti - l be mi:d t.i two iiui!uis nfilo.iars. an 1 ... 1 Ts - i. , ,. :,Z .1HJ vy IIIU inrjrcTiill VI . i lurn . sj . 1 n - l.a between th Lnded Afi. tes Ml hrr cown, and betwcpii them an t England l.c :,!.: arc .nadeby Vjigliah vesfe'j btt - veen I. iglai.U :.nJ 1 he United Slates, bc'.arcen t.'ieai aod the t'. i - gltsli colo. .ics, as well ai cetwet - n liicse c. - oouc and Enzlaud. EtiTli?h votr,je arc thus uia.le 01 the tnree sides of L"ie trian - . - le. ithile tho. j i f the United Statts arc tomis ti lrf it. :ou.ewuM auectea. that between tho United States and tlngiwi 1 1 ' uc,l:n:: ,!,! b'1 P"!nt - wr,ber we shall in - . 1 f.t - . r ... :rt; - s - oir own navigation anil seamen, bv pass - But the money value of this great porta cur (,i; i; he observe a : If E.uiland navigatasn, chimed and 1 hiUterio enjoyed . v .,, t j;, the temp, r that we .he may do, England, a.thmgh an ol.t - tt that destrtes ' - "t 1 , t.,ar into a reciprocally hencli' - al arrange - public protection, is not the uiot i:iiOitaut view J r,t,c i:c en ing ti,e navigati m ol ..ctwoccua - 1,1 whi'Ji the cams th.tiild be rcn"il"trl Lv tbej irie', out t'lippi,; will thereby a poilioit senate. W'e mut learn wi. - lotn fioui pa - t ti.nes ; , u toe carrying ti,.de, now eiinsiteiv possessed and while the experience ol Uin latliTta to.) M:en lo. - t on the son, this ought uot tJ be t;i ca t in the afTiirs ofiittions which, living Iraai ag - to age, and profiting by loug eupcricurr, siuuM become witer a? they grow oliler. The pi sent condition of nations, and r.spe ially of the in - habitants of our own coulaient, mcril our watcii - ful attention, and adm.'nUh u t xluri. - h our ni tioxal re?ource', and seaouably to iK - vtse, aud pcrurrrihgly to build up, tho - c et.tblirhmculs, that our present salV'y demands, au J v. hU h may be commensurate wl:h our future dodiny Justice aud m.xlera'ion, which, we confidently h pe, mav preside over, and guide our publir council, have not beru fouu 1 lo be a suthaeni armour for the defenen of uations. " Wisdom, in the ancient aiythol vgy, was represented a5 armed, because exiicrmice had proved. Ilia! good examples and noble precepts fail of th' ir euVacy, unaccompaoied by a twwer to eut.rre Ihfm." Todelrnd our?elves(J our houses, out hatbors, ani our commerce, i:om Lrtign :.g jressiou and violence, a navy is acknowledged In be necessary. From the land sido we are safs 5 agiinit dangers from the ocean, a navy will prove to b our cheap, our cure, aud most effl - itot defence Urn of toe seuale to eater iuto its devsloiueU An efficient oavv never has existed, and can not exist, without a commercial marine ; an 1 the maritime haUiry of Eurupe, which abounds with iu - tructioo 00 this subject, driuonstrales th s political truth, that the naval power of every na'ion is ia proportion to iU esmtnercinl shipping. Money miy build ships, but the Davijj. leo of the great ocean otdy etui mitke seamen ; 9nl!l i in Afinavli An mi!:l. Sl.:. v .TiIia .ni.. jVt, tliat th exduaoa ofouni.i: and sea ', .1 whoproUjtej'tta fojabe mvljaUuu, bawcia tin; UmUi pun - i1 r . . ' ., .. . Staleand IL. .coWc. of lla derWei it! Chiei importance. .'.. I ho prosperity and tartly 01 nation are promoted and established, by institutions early and wisely adapted to these end. A navy, being iicb an ins ti tat ion, and our experience having proved its importance, it ha become the duty of Congress 10. adopt and to enforce those regulation that ate necessary to ita efficient eiiub - liskment. None moro eficacioa can be devised, . than such as entourage nod increase the stnptiiig and the mariners of the country, kod, for this purpose, eicludu thoe of a foreign pow er from a principal brain, h of our own itnriSViand the evening following at Hudson, ti'ii 1 m t.'iaiiH.u aiuii iiuvr cunt uira nmi "Jr ftm if in iKaa sififw rC VnfrltkMfl. Attfl which would educate and hold ready tot service in onr own nav v. were the United Mates, instead of Engluad, in'the possession thereof, a body of several thousand teamen. But. bv nassinar this act.' shall we not rut our selves off from those supplies, width our habits have rendered indispensable f Will not the tng - li - h colonial markets, for supplies hitherto pur rhased among u, and imiortod to them, be lost, and shall we increase our oavigutiou by adi pi mc the law? The d.jcuinenls that have been coinmtmicated to the Senate, by the cbairrann of the ciminuttee of foreign relations, (Mr. Harbour) satisfactorily prove, that we nrn milt pendent ol lha r.r.giisn colonic for a supply of sugar aud Cf floe for oar own consumption ; our aunual re - cx)orlatioii of these article exceeding the quantity or them annually imported from the Knglish colonial ; and, in respect to mm, the other article imported from these colonies, lis exclusion will be thelo's to England of it best, mid nimost only marke' : and its place will be readily supplied by other loreign rum ami ny uranny ; or, wiurn is more pmhabli!, hy domestic spiiit distilled from grain. The exports from the United State to the F.njrlish West India colonics have been estimated ut four millions vf dollars annually 1 the problem lias been disputed ever since the in - ilepcndoiicc ofthe United Stalej, unj still re - mains to be M'Ki' 1, uhethcr t!.ce colonies could o'jtain ficin any other rpiarter the supplies received from the United States. To make this experiment, efl'ectually, further restrict inns and regulations may become neces sary, winch is not now deemm expedient 10 propose IT the ipitttion be decided in t he negative, the kupplii - s will be continued from the United States, ai.d our dhippiuir will be benefited. It" toe a: tides heretofore supplied fnnn this country can be (btaincd elsttviiere, wc must find out oilier markets for otir exports, or the labor employed in preparing them nun - t be applied to R'HTie other branch of industry. We have tiie power, and hereafter it may become our policy, as it is that of other countries, to resort to a regulation, the effect of which would go far to balance any d ssdvantage arising fiotn the loss of the English colonial mar kets. We import annually upwards of six mil lion gallon:, of We. - t In:ia Itum, more than baif f which comes fit) in the r.ngliMi colonies ; we ho import every ear nearly seven million gallons of mtihsses, as every gallon of molasses yields, by distillation, a gallon of rum : the rum in p - irted, to that d. stilled from imported molass - .!., is probably equal to twelve million gallons, wl.ich enormous quantiiy is chiefly consumed bv citizens of the United States. If the importation of rum and molasses, for distillation bep ohibiud, it would require four million bushels of grain lor uistilla.ioii to supply an equal quantity of ardent spirit , and in this way, our ag' icitlttire would be indemnified for any loss it might suffer by losing the ciiumi cuiouiai marfctig. As respects the timber and lumber trade in cluding staves and woods, in all the forms in which we prepare them for exportation, shonld no foreign markets be found to supply those which, by the imposition of high duties, Vve have hist in Kngland, and those which, by the passing of this bill, wc may lose in the English and India colonies, thokC who are engaged in this precarious, and, generally, ill paid and unprofitable bits.ness, will hereafter confine their supplies to our domestic want, which constantly increase, and to the foreign markets, that are neither affected by English duties, nor the bill before us. The timber - cf the country is becoming' scarce, and more and more an object of public concern. The fw es.s upon the frontier of the ocean, and on the great rivers leading to it, are nearly destroyed. , In otlie - countries, and even in Russia, the improvident waste of their timbers, especially in the neighborhood uf their great iron works, is becoming a national inconvenience. M asti, spars, pine and oak timber, Gt for naval purposes, and lor the numerous uses for which liiiilx r and wood arc wanted, were far more a - bundaut, nnd ol better ualily formerly, and Ut. in the memory of mea now living, than they are at the present day 1 and a little more care icon'. im iu U'.e ueo ol our timber, even now, will t .T.!cr i.a important benefit on posterily. The l.r - ii ii i.Hv , however, is, that as respects our v.iivi tiilu tiaiber, we shall not want luroigu mar - U.I t - lor all we have to spaie. As a seimral nile, il is correct, that every person v.ui.i'i be free to loliow the nusine't he may ireKr, si::e, by the fited m, sagacity, and en - tt ipri - e ci ii.tfivirlua's. tlie general welfare is oimiav inv promoieii. i here are, liowevrr, ex ciptionito thiiprinrip'e' ; aad, a general rules alli'it uT.t.n.iny individual mve iGrvWCL Iwr the tomu.on welfare a&y onie 1 - - ,..:tl. - - . . tMuTS eni! 0, t ,alter'nl,1 ,.ive ay lor, an 1 3 1. ;d to, the former; ar.d, in this iaie, the geur.d welfare, and Hie interest that all bate in the ent - i.uragemrnt and protection of 1 e s.iii irg a..d l.uin.n 01 thernan'ry, taKc pre ' .'d. - rn.'; over the private individual interests of P"i wo ve .cui.ahons may thereby be .'by Lng.anil ; il she persist lit her i xclu - ive cys t. - m, iind thus compel us lo meet restriction with eatii - lion, we shall not be t.trs tiy this coorv, 1:11' shall ultimately be gainers. Acrnrrhng to the English navigation act, as well as the act of pailiameiit, Hint departs from it, and opens an intt - rcnttrse between Die English colonies and the Un.te.l states, wu ar excluded .root any share m the iiSvigation between these cd - jnies nnd the United rlaU - c. .V notice is taUrn of the occa sional relaxation cfthe latter act, became by the tloiiblc competition ireatml hy the American ., 1 - - 1 . - i - thc - roelves, as sellers ami hnters in the English colonies, the intercourse is probahl 7 eiitndvaota semis rather than bt - nrfV - i ,1 to us. According to the permanent Ian, Kji.i - U shipping britiks tn us ber West India ui)ilies, and takes iu return the article wanted in these colonic. Il English sbippiti: ie no lunger employed in this service and the article forme rl sent to these rolonie are exported to oilier markets, or the supplies received from them a - e coughl for, and imported hto tl Umted State from other places, the vessels of the United states will he employ ed in this service, and so the navigation and mariners of the country will be encouraged and increased It will he found, as i has been heretofore, that new markets will he discovered, a well to par chase our surplusses as to supply our wants should those oe lost wiui which we nave iormer - ly had intercourse. To be concluded in our next. Oratorio. la the adtertisemcats of the orato rio wbicb i to take place this evtaing, for the last time this season, it is omt'.led lo be stated tbst Mr. A. Tayjor will sing a solo, and that riejel'i German Hymn will be pe - formed on th patent bugle, with variations, by Mr. Willis. T.ckeu may be had at the door of St. Paul's Ciiurch for one dollar. At aa cr.torw pt up ia Worfolk on tLe 2Ut of May, for the benefit of the Female Orphan Asyum,91l dollars and 25 cents were concci. ed over and a'jtve the expencea, and deposited with the Treasurer. It i proper to mention that the professional ecialemi n who asUted, refused any compensation fi - r their services. ' We are informed that Mr. Ineledoo, who left here a few days since on his way to Canada, gav a concert last Monday evening at Poughkeepsie, hich are spoken of in the papers at each f those places, as affording great satisfaction. Steam btat launch. On Thursday the 23th ult. wa launched at Black Rock, an elegant Steam - Boat, bui'.r by Mr. Broa 11 of this city, w ho is one of the proprietors. Mie is intend ed to ply between Black Hock and tho city of Detroit, touching at sonic of the intermediate ports on the American side of the Lake, and is expected to go into operation early in July. d trident Frequent accidents happen in the country at regimental trainings, by the tarelcss use of fire - arms. At one of these parades at Pompton, (New - Jersey,) last Thursday, a musket was discharged, and a buck - shot, part of its contents, struck a young wooia i. who was a spectator, on the left temple, and iuflicted a severe wound, which, it is feared, will terminate her existence. The ridiculous as well as dangerous practice of firing at military reviews with what are called blank cartridges, ami where there are hundreds of spectators, ought to be put a slop to by authority.' Sqttiki aiul erarkert. The law forbidding the firing of squibs and crackers in the streets, is a holly disregarded. At almost every cor ucryou will meet with squads of boys setting them off under your nose, and no notice taken of it. Unless the Jaw is put in force and an example made of some of the offenders, there is little hope fur amendment. 7a capiialatill will be seen by an advertisement iu our paper this evening, signed by the president of tlie canal fund, that au opportunity is affnrJe J gentlemen of capital to invest their mo nty in away that will be not only of great advantage to the state, but to their own individual interest. Benjamin Grayon Orr, esq. was last Mon day t e - clected Mayor of the City of Washington, for the ensuing year. To the Editor cf the ."r - l'ci - fc Fvrning Post Sir, The flattering notice of my recent publication, (an essay on the propulsion of navigable bodies,) which appeared in your paper of yesterday, receives my respectful acknowledgments : But, as a mistaken allusion is made by .Xauiiciu to some observations of mine, respecting an ideal application of the principles it has beru my gtod fortune to discover, it will not be improper for me to observe, that, inasmuch as the natural con dition r.f a fhh under vattr, is essentially diffcreut from the natural condition of a vessel eutaiued by the laws of flotation betu - een trend onf walir, so mud the pructteal mtnns ut propulsiou he dd fcrent as their respective stales ; therefore, although both may be actuated upou the same bti - luvphicai principles, the operutwn must be by tiirersion ; aqil on that account I deem the movement of a fish, however admirable in itself , inadmissible in relation to luper - marm natiga - tton. I am, sir, respectfully, Your obedient servant, C. A BUSBY. 2, Law Buildings, June II, 1818. Extract of Itttcr dated Hataria, Jan. 22, If 18. " There is no produce of any kin ! dr sale in this market at preseut, and scarce ly any of I ts' years crop remaining in this country. New sugars will brgiu to come in, in May, and rr.ffce in tugn - .t ; government is said lo have in store anil in the country about 30,000 piols coffee ; thet had a public sale 10th instan', of 10,000 picoh. which went ofT at 17 1 2 lo 19 I 2, whith with C per f ent to the auctioneer, duty and c harges, stood the purchasers from $19 lo 21 per pirol on board. It is expected they will offer 10,00" more the beginning of next month. They will uot dbposcor any in any other way than at public auction. 1'cop'e think it will go as hin as the last, if not higher, as there arc many vessels partly loaded that rau get nothing to fill up with any other way. Sugar ia nomtuaily 9l 2tcr picol, but noue lor sale." from the A"ii'oim Register, WASHINGTON, June 6. Vh'hait Mat acre. Much has been said in tho rewspapers ofthe tepectine this transaction. All condemn with severily what thr.y deem n (1 1 - grant ent.rmitv on the part ofthe commanding orarrr. Wt have published the ofliciul occoimt of the hflair, and the inttrue lions of the executive of Georgia to enptain Wright ; and we g'tve an extract 01 a letter from general Glassrr.i I; to the editors of th? Georgia Journal, iu which he severely condemns the conduct ol llir cflicer en this occasion. A stalement of (be whole nlfiii is now be - for our readers, who reed no further itiStmction in makirg up their opinion upon this disgraceful affair. We are sorry fo ere cite tio much room t.i join in the centre ; but a it i - mderstnod (hat a court martial has been ordered to investigate tae afftir, we shall await its dee i - ;eo, with a hope that justice will he done, nnd the h. 'Bor of the country redeemed. If our officers have done nn unwarrantable and wanton act, let thm r.iffcr, ttilhout regard to former temeec ; hut if they have acted correctly, let the - m Le honorary vindicated. " Let nothing extenuate, nor aught be cet down in malice." F torn tht Argus, of May 22, printed at Frankfort, I hy ) It will ie seen hy accounts from the arav that Jnckstn has taken two chiefs ol ; uic tilii'i - iiT - mm iihik mwi. iicic ll'fl lucre , cliw, Ui f fficf ora iwiep.n(Jcnt nation a the Seminnlf and hunt them. Were not these much a General Jackson and General Gnines.' It the Indians had taken Jackson and Gaines and hunt iievt, would not the whole country from the Sabuie to the Pasamaqtiodi!y cry out for vengeance, and the extermination of the trwl juro - stt f Vox shame ! Let u t.i I It on more of Uritish cruelty in the East lodies. listens too, ttMt poscssion was taken of the Spanish fort St. Mark because a Scotchman who had been exciting the Indian had taken reluee there. This was right ; for when the Spaniards protect our enemies, they become our enemies themselves Hut what is the sequel Capt. A. the Scotchman, is to be tried by a court martial and we suppose we shall next hear that he is Aunr too . Why net hang him without trial i lxs his color entitle him to any more rcpect tha was paid to the Indi - ao chiefs But we should like tn know by what law, rule, or rightJAtbuthnot could be tried and ordered to execution bv a court nmtial ? It may be just far a respects the individual ; but evcu a murderer should be hung according to laic. Tbert proceeding may betlw most sff. ctual in bringing the war to" a speedy rouclasi n, but they are certainly not the most honorable to our country or to the army. II, however, there stall appear any justification, we shall publish it with avidity : lor we respect the f irjc eral admire the army and lore riur country? repti'ta'itfa too well to ne it sufTr uajT.t:y. v IVoiot fAe' Xcu Edinburgh Jlfagaitrt. V . 1 - Those who feel interested m the progress of the arts, will be gratified, to know, that paper hangings are now manufactured capabU of being wached with so tp add water, and by this peculiar quality aloiie are they to be distinguished from those in common use. Where they have been used, we understand they have been highly approved of. - The public ar iudeblcd to Messrs. C iees tt Co. of Great Newport - street, Long Acre, tor this Valuable discovery. , From the Albany Daily Advertiser, June 10. The council of appointment met at the governor's chamber in this city yesterday, and aic pro' eedius to complete the unfinished business laid over from their winter ssinn. Much i to be done. Many persons are waiting appointments, and there ar many more npplicantsihan there arc offices to bestow. The duties arid e - moluruenls of the office of master in chancery having been so gieatlv circumscribed by a late law, this resource now fails, whie h on All former occasion, was of such 6asy nrcci?, and so readily called in and bestowed on the clamorous np - plicant, who could not he supplied vtiih the particular cilice h want ml . The abridging also the uuinber of judges and jil'tireiof tliu pence, nnd abolishing altogether lite office of assistant justice, has taken from the council that ready small change, which has foofteu quieted (he noisy and hungry expectant. Many pe sens now in office must be left out of com minion, and many who t xpect to bo put in w ill be s tdly ihs.ipjoinscd The present tour of duty of the council, may, therefore, juiily be considered as the most dilfi - cult ar.d arduous they have ever been called cn to perform but let them meet it manfully, and execute ils requirements with fidelity, without favor, affection or partiality, and they will have discharged a most important public duty, which canuot fail of boing honorable t themselves, and n i'.s consequence hi;, - hlv Ponefieial to tho great body of their coustitut i ts. BOSTON, June 9 - By the British schr. Parker, arrived lure yesterday from Halifax, information has been j rerened that tho lire lort Act has been signed; i .1 ? . I ..... I ... ' ny me prince recu., ua was c&i'Ceit - u uui in tho May packet. NOUFOLK.JunefJ. Tim rrivateor brig Regent, capt. Paul, last from Bucuox Ayrcs, alter a successful cruize, is in the bay with specie, to sundry person: in this city. Xr.wronr, June 0. Prize brig. The Ppani - h prize brig and her carcro, has heen lihelied ny tne uoiie - cior oi this port, for a breach of the Revenue laws of the U. iS. Capt. Bame or Hie Bucnos - Ayrean privateer Puerrydon, has claimed the brig and cargo, as having lawfully captured the same from the subjects ofthe Spanish government - anti the five Spaniards, with the prize crew who were put on board, have claimeu salvage for recapturing the same, with the intention of restoring the brig and cargo to her original owners. I'hc trials em these libels will take place at a Special Uisti ict Court, to be held at Providence on the 22d instant. M; Swan, the former prize master of th brig, has arrived at Charleston He states that "on the 9lh of May, at 3 o'clock in the morning, in lat. 32, long 73, the crew rose, and after wounding every officer on board, succeeded in taking possession ofthe brig i a few hours after, they lilt in with the English brig Betsey, bound to Itussia, who was compelled to take the officers on hoard. The Betsey being short of provisions and leaky, three days alter they fell in with the ship Ceres, from Li verpool for Charleston, and were received on bouid." MASSACHUSETTS LEGISLATURE. IN SENATE June 8. The lecretary ritme in with the following message frrm his excellency the go vernor, via. Gtnthmen, tie. " This mornii g I received a letter from the hen. John Quincy Adams, secretary of stale, Mating that his Britanuiv majesty's government had given orders for the delivery to the United : tales, cf Mrose, Dudley ami Frederick iland, and that biiijadier - general James Miller had been, by order of the president of the Ueuled States, authorised to receive possession tf the amc, in their name, suggesting at the same limo, thiit it would be satisfactory to the president, - houl l au office r ijf the state be appointed to attend at (he tin leuder ofthe territory. A copy if the letter of I he secretary ol state will herewith be laid before you. "JOHN BROOKS. " Council 'chamber, June 6." The messag was read and committed to Vessrs. Q'tincy, and King. The house joined Meiers. Balrh, r.f Lnber, Treat, of Barjjor, and Jarvia, if Ellsworth. The committee on tho subject of the delivery cf Moose lslrnd, Ac. reported a resolve authorizing bis excellency (he goteinotir to apponit urn an otiire.r of the militia or this common wealth, as lift may deem suitable, and take such other measures in relation thereto, as in his judgment the interest and dignity of the common wealth my require. In the shin Venus, cant. Beck, for London. which cot to sea vesterdav morniuir. were the - i a following cabin passengers: Mrs. C'obbclt, 2 sons and thres daughters, Mrs. Spencer, Col. vrUnni, Capt. Larr, Messrs. Voun?, liurrows, aud Thompson. It is stated in the Salem Pist, that two of the judges lately appointed for the county of Warren, relusc to take oatli against tliti lung, and that another declines the appointment altogether; in c tnscqnence of which no court can be held in that county until the vacaucies are filled. . MAKK1F.D, Last r vecins bv the Rev. Dr. Milledoler. Mr. Charles W. D.jton, to Mist Jane Child, daugh ter of air. Abraham Cht'd, all of this city. DIED, AtPlattsbure - , on the Istinst. James Bailey, senior, aged 45 years. fc."fA7 - VO POST MARINE LILT. CLEARED. Brig Nortluimhria, Chalicnrr, Miramichi Lion, Chaprtian, Salem Orejimbo, Thomas, Madeira Bailey & Russell Anro. Ireland. Kew - Orleaut Sloop ew - Yrk, Drown, Provieknce Jackson, Jewell, Aorlolk AHhtyF.n rms roMw. Brig Levant, Wtwil, S days from Savannah, with cotton and tobacco, to T Baron, and Ket cham it Weed 13 passenge rs Sch. Milo, Bcatic, 5 davs from. Savannah,' with cotton, to Bogert it Knce'.and, and Mr. Lcliv. - e. Passengers, Mrs. Bradley, Mrs. Ma - gee, Miss Taylor, Messrs. Peck, Voorhies, and A Whitlocft. AKillt rn JAST F.rEJVt.YG, Ship Cotton Plant, Fash, 5 days from Savan nah, with cottqn, rice and tobacco, to H K Toll r A: Co. owners, Willttts k l - awience, F Jenkins fi Son, Smedcs ,c Can. field, and II Vosc Passengers, Mrs. Fabtn and son, Mr and Mrs Pope and child. Miss Ann Rrid, Miss Bland, Mrs Jtr.tch, Mr Te bait and lady, Mrs Alley, MissRiboorg, Messrs Martin, Dclort, Moore, Wide, Burnet, Cpp, and Ca'laham. - - The brig Levant, sch Milo, and bri;r Huntress, all sailed 2 days before for this prt. Sailed in co. brig fc'pe - edy.Pcace, Fo.sdick, for NYork ; and briw On Jackson, fir Providmre. The . ship GioSe had just arrived from N York. B.'tj E.aUt, K.tii.ivr, IT t'.; - ; from Monte - eo Bay, Jam. with turn, sugar sjmKwioUmm to J Troup and WTennuon. - sjesuW capt Troup, and air iind Mrs Johnson ' Brig Commerce, Little, 10 day from gjnt Croix, Basse End, with rum and ugar, to tr. lick, Rogrci - s 1; Son. Passenger, Miss p len, Miss G A Brigpa, Miss Mary M'Kay, sad Mrs. Caroline M Glover, and lervjint. 'Left ohlps Chase, Forbes, for N York June Virginia, Ridgway, do 20lh brig Mary, For Philadelphia in lOdays; and sch Romeo, Little, 35 days from Bilbaa. 5pke nothing1. Brig Superb, Beeves. 4 day from Norfolk, in ballast, to S Coddington. On Sunday Us f llt - nlopcn, i. poke sloop Ltint, from N Tork tor Darien. French sch Sylph, Thorp, 4 days from Richmond, with flour, tobacco, &c. to Robertson i Kelso, T I i v in, 1) Bethune tt Co. C Dubois Trokes, Davidson U Co. Beers & Wooilhuli' Page & Triplett, and Wm Durell U passenl ger. Sch Fortitude, Swain, 5 days from Brand?, wine, with corn meal, to T Buckley & Son.' , hell Dorcas Ann, Titcomb, 3 days from Plii - Ldelphia, a ith flour and cot n meal, to C Yi Amrinjre. Sch t'ocahntt'us, Scybert, 3 days from Tl,;. lade)ihia, with, iron and (lotir, to L'Homme. dieu & Brqtvti, owners, B Gilley, J Adarm Collins I; Co. Hull Browne, C Du Bois, Jas' Eastbunt 4: Cn. lllackwtll & M'Lailan, Hr Callahcr, and others. Sloop Eaglo, Edwards, 4 days from Boiti.n with plaster of paris, to the master. Sw ' brifr astern, supposed to be bound to this port. iltKp Harriet, Collins, 17 days troui Savsji. nab, with cotton, i - kius&c. Aloeip Georpc Washington, Atwood, 4 ekjs from Uoston, with plaster anil elry goods to Davis Si Center, of Albany. ' Sloop Delight, I'vrry, 4 days from Boston with sttnelries, to the nias'e'r. ' f loop llii am, Evans, 4 davs from Baltimore with teas, dry gocn!, & W. V. & J h' Dispatcli LineshMp Rorer, Pwk. 3 days f om Philadelphia, with flour, tea, brick, snuff stoves, steel, ic. to P Grim, owner, Smith k Bailey. Mr. I jng, Gilbert Allen. .nr. i - ang, t - .ilbert Alien, CoUin 8iCo. Lloyd, 11 W Pield, and others. OH.V3, May 27, 30 Arrived, brigs , Seely, N York, via Halifax ; Antelop. Joscpn i.ioyii, t t r ieiu, and others. ST. JOHN Slucher, &cely, Nork, via Halifax; Antelop. i.ii i imiu, sciii - s i tuck do ; Charles, Swacson, do. - Clean 1, schr Olirebranrh, Ncavit, fbrlhs U. States; Friends, Lane, Bostoa; Mary Ami, Ucj rr, NYork. SALEM, June 6. Arrived brig Levant, W',',. litims, '(j di - vs f om Marseilles. Left,sbipCat - i;cs. Dixey, :rbil.ehd, out of qunnmtine. 1st had not commi need ditchnrging ; Eliza, Riley, Norfolk, ilo d ; brigs A!uit;o Park, Lincclg, Boston, dodo ; Eliza and Mary, , Saltui, do ; Pilot, Win?. Philadelphia in a lew dayt:i new hrtg from Philadelphia, (name notrecolled. ed) lay iu the harbour. Spoke about 15 din since, the Ann Maria, of Bath. Captain Pallet, irom Boston, last trout Sandy Bay, where tie bad heen enst away, 6 davs out, for Guadaloupt, all well, who supplied the Levant with scat small articles she needed, and refused the remu neration tendered him, with a generous rfferto pare him part of the provisions he had oo board. 'I his gentlemanly conduct, sq different from what is sometimes met with at se - x, deserve pub Ik. notice, aad Capt. Williams tegs Capt. Pattta to accept hit Pest tnaoBs. BOSTON, June 8. Arrived brig Federal George, Eels, from Baltimore. Brig Collector, Titcomb, from Philadelphia. Sc hr Traveller, Corey, from N York. Schr Alert, W Litton, from Philadelphia. English schr Parker, Mansell, 8 days from Halifax. 1 he brig Waterloo, ! inlay, hence hud arrived at llalif tx Schr Ttkeli, Doane, fiom N York. Ar lied at Quarantine this morning, Frencl hris l.'l1eureiiM - Ioutse, r ucbatd, 31 day trua cayenne. I aei.gers iaies'.r. s. nanur, f. Dukchart. M. Bulb rit e and A. Brue. - HALIFAX, May 18 - 29. Arrived chr au - beth. Walker. 16do from NYork : Uietf York Packet, do. and sailed SSd for Fail U Arrived, trhr Hpringhird, Edwards, from its - York. Sailed, 19th, Lady Pelham Pack 'at N Yi rk T The Spanish brig Buentanu, and Die rrmis - derefhercorgj of ni'ihogany, was advrrtiseto be sold on the 1st lust, foi the henc Cl of the vors, she fitt ing been ndveitised tor six tnort!, and no t biin.hnt oj pearing. bbe was fianu'da - tine on Ibe bijh sas, abaudoned. and wairt - rietl into V&imcutb, where the sale was to Uk '"CHARLESTON, April 3. Arrivd, df I. u i y - A nn, Atnnld, Bordeaux 50 day. Frenrh brig Ducuoitf - Trouiu, Aurray, Hi - vre - dr - Grace, 66 days. Schr. ateli.te, Smith, Havana, 7 days. Sloop Anu - Maria, Foler, iavannah, l6bon Passed in the river ou Monday, bound up, "f Globe, from New - York ; ship Howard, and nother ship, uuknown where from. . Sloop .Vjrning - Flowi r, Knowlcs, Musquito River. Ft Floryhi, 4 days. . . THEATRE. On Friday evening, June 12, will be preieiUii, the musical drama, in 3 acts, ol ROB ROY; OB, Al'lD LiQ irsL Dramatised by Isaac Pocock, Esq. anil K performing in lxmdoa with the greatest applause; with new scenery, dresses, music, &c. Ra - hleigh Osbaldutonr, Mr. PritcnxrJ . Owen, Jones Rob Roy M'Gregor Campbell, Robert Bailie Nicol Jarvie. Ililson Diaua Yemon, Mr. Darlej Helen M'Greeor. f wife to Rob RoO Baron To which will be addad, the farce of I.OI'ER'S OU.iRRF.LS, Or I Ik'P M4 - HTR l.llfli'. MAN. rTT Performance to commence at half put " o'clock, precisely. ' V JHX ABKM. WILL1NK Ai CO. removed from 75 to 79 Washington - street je II ' Cj If Mr. JAMES SP.ABLRN, late super cargo of the schooner Yigilant, of Wilmington, N. C. is now in New - York, be is requested to call on ROBERT GlLLESPiEi sell 1 12 Front - street. 04 - The Comiiu - wnneri ol the Canal mod will in pursuance Ol the art, entitled "anacl respecting navinaLle comuiuuication oci"" tne great itrup 'ii nun nuiuinn lbbi . Atlautio Ocean," receive sealed projosall 3 o'clock, P. M. on Wednesday the 1 i'bdJ July nexf, fdr a loan to the ttate of twotitadrw and filly thousand dollar, tone paw to " - . ' . I :. ...! i first, o inirsiuners ui orn riuai inviaiuieiM, th - fnit Av nl Aurii.t neit. and the Other 00 " first day of October ni xt . The proposal addressed lo the comptroller. . tf 1 he rale ol interest i not to einn " - 'j cent, per Annum, payable quarter J 1 1 ITT r,,in.iiai i ,u iciuiuvi rw. - - - . j, ureiithe eovrrnmcnt. at any time afttl tn ' day of July, 1837. . 7 he oiht er appointed for the purpose m y ly ol rtew - iora, will issue. trawnci - - ,u talcs of stock to the Lenders, und M"?ir. the tratiilerol tocB, as uie same mj " ed. . . l ,t.n t he inferest will I paid at It ttiani - " - nana, in me city ci rtew - suiK, "",;: ,,(. ders it - siding in t'i southern district of ttiit ; and out ot ine si ite - , ami m an :'" lork StBle Bank, in the city oi aiobuj - otct I he Boant will meet at me oerrei. i - , gi cn the said 13th day of July next, at J 0 l . ai. to oprn ar.n tieu. - rntinc yj shall bemadc. By or h r or the Board. JOIINTAILER - Pt ti,n t,m n mir.. Jli'.'li. 3 - 1" ADR Ats HDXFr trunks htuowf Lruuks bdf0? rtivk, tirtssleV UNEiCe. L ITA i - - ti liriirti'itled to drawbvk 1". fila I iiu. 82 J; I! I

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