The Mason City Globe-Gazette from Mason City, Iowa on January 12, 1943 · Page 1
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January 12, 1943

The Mason City Globe-Gazette from Mason City, Iowa · Page 1

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Tuesday, January 12, 1943
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NORTH IOWA'S DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME D E P A R T M E N T O F H I S T O R Y A N D A ^ C H I V L D C S M O I N E 5 I VOL. XLIX ASSOCIATED PRESS "THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS MASON CITY, IOWA, TUESDAY, JANUARY 12, 1943 _ ~ + , ~* · * · - » . ^ y t i r v , * u u k j i ^ i , J A 1 \ U A K I 12:, I»4S Tius PAPER CONSISTS OF TWO SECTIONS ^ N f , -J ALL CORN PRICES FROZEN BY OPA Count Heavily on '43 Farm Output in Victory ALLIED CHIEFS aTE VICTOR YIN FOOD FOR 1942 Leaders Job for Observance of Farm Mobilization Day WASHINGTON, (S--President Roosevelt and other united nations, leaders patted American farmers on the back Tuesday for the food contributed to war in 3942 and reminded them that 1943 production is being counted on "heavily lor further steps toward victory. A special "farm mobilization day" radio program, utilizing the facilities of all (he major chains, carried the messages to millions of farmers, both in their homes and in many county meetings. * * * The president's message, read by James F. Byrnes, director of economic stabilization, said, "In spite, of the handicaps under which A m e r i c a n farmers worked last year, the pro due* tion victory they won was among the major victories of the united nations in 1912. * * * "Free people everywhere can be grateful to the farm families who made that victory possible. "Food is a weapon in total war --fully as important in its way as guns or planes or tanks. "Our enemies know the use of food in wap. They employ it cold- bloodedly to strengthen their own lighters and workers and to weak- en. : or exterminate the peoples of the conquered countries. We of the united nations also are using food as a weapon to. keep our fighting men fit and to maintain the health of all our civilian families. We are using fod to earn the friendship of people in liberated areas and to serve as a promise and an encouragement to peoples who arc not yet free." * * * Maxim Litvinoff, R u s s i a n ambassador, told the American soil tillers that their food "played no small part in making; it possible for the soviet troops to deal mighty blows at the fascist troops, to destroy uazis by the hundred thousands. and drive them back." * * * Lilvinoff explained that the German invaders had overrun some of the most fertile areas of Russia, and the only way that Russian troops could keep on lighting--a fight he said red troops were making for the benefit ol all the united nations--was to receive help, from the outside, both in the way of food and munitions. Lord Woollon, British food minister, speaking from London, saici the axis leaders were "depending on you (Amencan tanners) to fail--just as we in Britain are depending on you not to tail, so that we can go on fighting and producing planes and tanks and ships as we have for the past three years." He emphasized that any American food shipped to England "will not be wasted." * * * The president, in his message, said "the united nations are pooling their food resources and uslnr them where they will do the most good." * * ¥ - He said America is not the only one furnishing food to her allies. "Every food producing country among the united nations is doing its share. Our own share in food strategy, especially at this stage of the war, is large because we have such great resources for production; and we are on direct ocean lanes to North Africa, to Britain and to the northern ports of Russia." ihc president said. Secretary of Agriculture Wick- avd said he wanted to thank all the farmers, their wives, their children and other farm workers for their devotion to production last year, and added, "the government is going to help all it can, cut I know how short that help will fall on many occasions. . * * * From the battleground on Guadalcanal, Col. William Ca- Pers James, former chief of staff (·General Vandegrift, marine commander in the Solomon islands, brought this message* * * ^^ "I have seen what nourishment means to our fighting marines in the Solomons, and I can tell you that guns and bullets and fighting hard are no more important than proper food." Hurrying to Down More Japs in Lae An Amencan fighter pilot leaps from the truck carrying pilots from the reaclv room and runs to his P-S8 Lockheed lightning on a field in New oLca A mechanic is reads to start the twin motors The lightnings were credited with destrovln/o, problbh de- stroyina; o C J a p zero fighters in the great battle of American aircraft against an cnemv convoy that attempted to reinforce the Jap garrison at Lae, New Guinea \ tola of 13*8 Jap planes was destroyed, probably destroyed or dama^d * PREDICT LONG TRIAL FOR FLYNN Both Sides Carefully ·· Study Jury: Selection LOS ANGELES, (fCj -- Predicting a long trial--possibly as much as three weeks--state and defense attorneys resumed their tedious task of selecting a jury to try Movie Actor Errol Flynn on rape charges. With both sides making exhaustive examination of venire- men, the defense questioned 12 prospective jurors Monday -- t h e first day of the trial -- a n d the state only five. Jerry Gicsler, Flynn's attorney, seemed particularly anxious to assure himself that they had no prejudice against the acting profession or the motion picture industry, and that the grilling examination of the actor's two accusers would not influence their judgment^ In his turn; John Hopkins deputy district attorney, questioned whether the prospective jurors would give equal credence to the testimony of the two girls as to that of Flynn. "Just because it is Errol Flynn does not mean that you are going to believe him and reject the testimony of other individuals?" he asked. , He wanted to know, too. whether their possible disapproval of the conduct of the complaining witnesses would lead liie vcniremen lo discount their testimony., "You don't believe in a double standard in and outside of Hollywood?" Hopkins asked one of them. "There should not be discrimination in favor, of actors and actresses?" He told the jurors the state did not have to prove consent on the part of Peggy La Hue Satterlee 16 year old Hollywood night club entertainer, and Betty Hansen 1(. former Lincoln. Nebr., schoolgirl who came here seeking film roles. ON' APPROPRIATIONS GROUP WASHINGTON. W)_Repre?eZ tatn-e Ben F. Jensen of Exira Iowa, is one of four congressmen named by house republicans to pos,s on the'appropriations committee. Names of 11 Ships Listed as Among Those Lost in Pacific Hornet Went Down After Inflicting Heavy . Damage on " WASHINGTON. (IP}-- With military security no longer requiring secrecy, the navy publicly added to its list of sunken vessels Tuesday the names o£ the aircraft carrier Hornet and 10 other warships -- all previously announced as lost but not identified at the time , * * * The 20,000 ton Hornet, commissioned only a year before its death on Oct. 26, went to the bottom of the south Pacific off the Santa Cruz islands after a battle that inflicted heavy damage on two Japanese carriers and bomb and torpedo hits on an enemy battleship and five cruisers. The other United States warships, sunk in the furious November battles that broke the heaviest Nipponese attempts to recapture Guadalcanal were identified as the 9,050-totK cruiser Northampton; 6,000-ton cruiser Juneau; G,000-ton cruiser Atlanta; and the destroyers. Monssen. Gushing Benham. Preston, Walke Barton and La f fey. The navy communiques oil the engagements in which these vessels and another previously identified destroyer were lost, showed, however, t h a t a total of 18 Japanese warships were damaged and 37 sunk.jcomprising two tjattlc- ships, eight cruisers, two large destroyers or cruisers, 10 destroyers and 15 transports. The navy announced last Oct. 26 that a carrier was severely damaged after two attacks by Japanese bomber and torpedo planes. Five days later the vessel was declared lost but the casualties among its personnel, normally 2,170 were reported few * * * Describing the Hornet's last hours in a hitherto unpublished intervietv at Nutley, N. J a month ago, .Marine Private George E. Kindmark, a survivor, told of two Japanese planes dive-crashinu (o the decks. The explosions wrecked Ihe superstructure and set the big ship aflame. Patrol pfcmcs from the Hornet opened the battle,- Kindmark related, after spotting an enemy tasfc-rforce off-.-(.tie" isiiindsr 'some 3aO miles northeast of Guadalcanal. American torpedo planes attacked and shortly Japanese bombers retaliated. The enemy planes were dispersed but returned later with a force in which the marine counted 84--planes. "They seemed to have no oilier object than getting us," Kindmark observed. -Other ships were ignored." Even after the Hornet was severely damaged, the carrier's guns kept fiviiKS and the survivor counted 2S falling enemy planes. Then, with the carrier burning fiercely, the order was given to abandon ship. * * * Other American warships; delivered the final blows to'the carrier when it was found that she had been damaged beyond repair. * * ¥ Thus, the force of seven aircraft carriers with which the United States entered the war on Dec, 7, 1041, was reduced to three --the Enterprise, Saratoga and Ranger. Of the other carriers, the Lexington was lost in the battle of the Coral sen, the Yoork- lown nt Midway and the Wasp in the Solomons. 5 Waterloo Brothers in Navy Missing WATERLOO, «!)--The navy department Tuesday advised Mr. and Mrs. Thomas F. Sullivan. Waterloo, that their five sons, 20 to 29 years old, \yere officially listed as "missing in action" after loss of the U. S. S, Juneau in sea battles around the Solomon islands during November. The five sons, enlistees in the navy during late December, 1941, had been aboard the Juneau since mid-February. 1942. when the new 513,000,000 light cruiser was commissioned at Brooklyn.' Missing "due to enemy action," the navy reported, were: George T.. 29, gunner's mate, second class. Francis II., 26, coxswain. Joseph E., 23, seaman, second class. Madison A., 22, seaman, second class. Albert L., -20, seaman, second class. The navy department's telegram message to the parents gave no further details. Loss of the Juneau and other United States warships wns disclosed late Monday in u com- munique. The boys' father is a freight conductor for the Illinois Central railroad here. The mother, who earlier had received special recognition from the navy department for sending five sons into the service, has been invited by Secretary of Navy Frank Knox to christen a new tug. The ceremony, once scheduled for Dec. 28, has been postponed. * * * The five Sullivans were in. ducted ajLD.es Maine* .on Jan. 3, 1942, declaring they were out to avenge a "pal," Bill Ball of Fredericksburg. loira, killed during the Japanese sneak attack on Pearl Harbor. Albert, youngest of the quintet, is the only married brother. His wife and 22 months old son, Jimmy, live here. ' The navy said the Sullivans would be carried on the missing lists until evidence of their true fate could be learned. High naval personnel officials at Washington, D. C, reached by telephone, told the Waterloo Daily Courier at noon Tuesday that the loss of the five Sullivan brothers ranked as "the, heaviest blow suffered by any single family since Pearl Harbor and, probably, in American naval history." It is a navy policy in wartime to separate members of one family, one official said. The Sullivans' enlistments were conditional, however, upon their serving together, the officer reported. Weather Report FORECAST MASON CITY: Colder Tuesday afternoon and Tuesday" night. Lowest temperature Tuesday night -C. IOWA: Continued cold Tuesday night and Wednesday forenoon. MINNESOTA -- Continued cold Tuesday night nnd Wednesday forenoon except not quite so cold west portion Wednesday forenoon- IN MASON CITY Globe-Gazette weather statistics: Maximum Monday 2b Minimum Monday night I At 8 a. m. Tuesday 1 YEAR AGO: M a x i m u m .··' Minimum * Postpone Tire Inspection Deadli WASHINGTON. (/Pi--The office of price administration modified Tuesday its periodic tire inspection program by postponing the Jan. 31 deadline for the first inspection, and providing for less frequent examinations * * # The action was taken, OPA said, to minimize public incon. venlence and to smooth out oc. casional work peaks for the inspectors. * * * A stagger system was put into effect so that there will be three different deadlines for the first inspection. Under the revised program, all * holders of basic gasoline ratio') A coupons will have unlil the end of March for their first tire inspection, and subsequent inspections will be once in each six months, instead of the former requirement of once every four months. Motorists with B or C supplementary books or bulk coupons for fleets will be required to get their first inspections by the end of February. Afler that, inspections for B bookholders will be once in every four months, and for C bookholders and bulk coupon holders once every Ihvcc months. Formerly Ihc schedule called for examinations of cars me * with B and C rations once in two months. In announcing the changes, Paul M. O'Leary, deputy OPA administrator in charge of ra- tioninjr, said tire conservation now will depend more heavily upon voluntary co-operation by motorists. * * * An announcement of a similar postponement on inspection of truck and commercial car tires was expected later Tuesday, from the office of defense transportation. Commercial tires now have a Jan. 15 inspection deadline, but She date probably will be put off for several weeks. 2 BILLS ARE VOTED BY HOUSE Ail Records for Speed in Assembly Broken DES MOINES. UP,_Brcakins all records for legislative speed the house Tuesday passed two bills Ihc second day of the session By a vote of IO-! to 0 the house passed a bill making the deadline for filing soldier's property lax exemption claims July 1 of each year instead of June 1 to make it correspond with the deadline for riling all homestead credit claims. Four members were absent. Two years ago the house set a record for action by passing three bills the third day of the session. Before that tw-o weeks customarily elapsed before any bills were passed. The second bill passed would permit the employment security commission cto enter into reciprocal agreement "K-ith similar commission lo enter into rccip- that an employe who works in more than one stale for the same company may have all his unemployment compensation benefits accrue in one state. The vote was 105 to 0 with three members absent- Youth, Experimenting With Chemicals. Dies MINNEAPOLIS, U.R--Amateur expcriments in a basement chemical laboratory killed Wallace Engvall, 19, Deputy Coroner H. J. Welles reported Tuesday. The youth's mother, returning home late Monday, smclled chemical fumes in the house. Investigating she found her son dead in the basement. The fumes poured from a beaker ot chemicals heating over a burner. REDS CONTINUE TO ADVANCE IN CAUCASUS AREA Series of Brilliant Russian Strokes Along Many Fronts Revealed By. ROGER D. GREENE Associated Press War Editor Soviet dispatches d c c I a r e d Tuesday that wavering German troops had retreated another 20 miles on the eastern approaches to" Rostov, while on the lower Don front the nazi high command was reported throwing masses of tank-led infantry into a desperate new attempt to halt the red armies. Once again, a series of brilliant Russian s t r o k es overshadowed the news from other fronts in the global war. There wove allied bombing attacks on the Italian port of Naples and on Germany's war foundries in the Ruhr. * * * Hiller's hieli command acknowledged that the ·'Russians were kccpins up the offensive in three major sectors, reporting tersely: "Between the Caucasus and the Don. in the area of Stalingrad and in the Don area, the Russians asaiu Attacked in the same focal points as before with strong forces." * * .* Along with this glum comment, a Rome broadcast quoted the German._fpreign office publication; plena Aus Deutschlahd, as declaring: "The most rigid reserve must be maintained regarding the fighting in Russia, as the Russians are displaying their greatest strength now." Soviet dispatches sakt the drive which has carried Russia's Caucasus armies 80 miles from recaptured Mozdok in nine days had put red army forces in a position .to sweep back to the headwaters of the Kuban river and threaten recapture of the German-held Maikop oil fields. * * * A laic bulletin from Moscow said the red army, led by Cossacks slashing their way triumphantly back into their homeland, had already driven Ihe Germans back into the Kuban river region between the towering Caucasus mountains and the river Don. Red Star, the Russian army newspaper, said the Cossacks had returned to their devastated villages and towns in the Kuban area after the Caucasian provinces of North Osetia and Kab- ardino Bakaria hacl been wrested back from the nazi invaders. "On Ihe lower Don area, our troops fought offensive engagements, reel army headquarters announced. "The enemy is striving to stem the advannce of soviet troops, hurling large forces of tanks and infantry inlo the battle. "In one sector, the Hitlerites concentrated about 100 tanks and launched fierce counterattacks. Our troops repulsed all enemy countcrnttacks, disabled 13 tanks and killed more than 300 German officers and men." Driving down across Hie middle Don steppes from the north, the nearest soviet column was reported less than 100 miles from Rostov. Another red army, striking from the cast, was only 60 miles from the great G e r m a n stronghold, whose fall would cut off the land "escape route" of hundreds of thousands of axis soldiers. * * * The new L'0-inilc German withdraw-ill cast of Rostov came as soviet troops, pushing down the railroad from Stalingrad to Ihe Black sea. captured the town of Kubcrlc after an advance from Zimovniki. Other red army columns were reported lo have engulfed town after town in a sweep extending 21 miles north from Kuberlc. and a flanking drive to Vesioly, 30 miles south of Zimoniki. straightened out the front in that sector. BACK LOCAL OPTIO.N DBS MOINES. W--The Iowa anti-saloon league was on record Tuesday in support of local option legislation which it expects to sec introduced in the present legislative session. O. G. Christgau, stajc superintendent of the league, said he understood such legislation was being considered. Wilson Urges No New Iowa Tax Be Levied DES MOINES, iP--Gov. George A. Wilson urged in his farefell message lo Ihe Iowa legislature Tuesday that no new or additional taxes be levied this year, other than those necessary to help win the war or to take care of those who, as a result of the war, have been placed in a position of need. Wilson, who leaves for Washington Wednesday morning to take up his new duties as United States senator from Iowa, spoke at a joint convention of the house and senate in the house of representatives chamber. Gov.-Eiect Bourke H. Ilicken- soper of Cedar Rapids, who has been lieutenant; governor in Ihe Wilson administration, becomes acting governor when Wilson leaves Ihc stale. Formal inauguration of Hickcnlooper as governor nnd Robert D. Blue of Eagle Grove as lieutenant governor is set for 2 i. rn. Thursday. Wilson limited his parting recommendations to the assembly to the admonition that no new taxes be levied, and a further suggestion that appropriations from the 1941 legislature for new buildings which could not be creeled on account of the war should be invested in United States bonds until they can be used. Projects held up by the war included a new $1,650,000 state office building in Des Moines a S300.000 first unit of a new general library at the state university of Iowa, a S45.000 addition lo the state children's h o s p i t a l at Iowa City, and SG50.500 of construction at various board of control institutions. The remainder of the address was devoted to a review of "the condition of the state," and of Iowa's coatrlbutiau to the war effort. "The condition of the state is good." Wilson declared. "The machinery of state government is running- .smoothly and xiitli efficiency. The stale's finances are in better condition than ever before." V -f- V CEILING IS SET GENERALLY AT MONDAY LEVEL Action Is Designed to Halt Further Sharp Advances in Quotation* WASHINGTON, W)-- The office of price administration Tuesday froze maximum corn prices on all exchanges and in every cash and local market over the country so as to maintain present "favorable ratios" between the price of corn on one hand and [he price of livestock, poultry and eggs on the' other. The action, taken to halt further sharp advances in corn prices, was in the form of a temporary price ceiling effective immediately which will be followed by a permanent price regulation which will not permit any increase in the general level of corn prices. ¥ ¥ -¥ The maximum prices, the OPA said, will be generally those at which sales were made Monday. Under the freeze of maximum prices, however, declines in market prices could take place. The OPA said that Stabilization Director James F. Byrnes instructed it to apply the ceiling to corn, previously uncontrolled at all levels. and that Secretary of Agriculture Wickarci had approved the action. , Prices of com futures contracts and prices for cash corn in the recognized cash markets were frozen at the highest -level of prices prevailing Monday. * * * Corn prices at the small local markets were frozen at the highest-level of- prices prevail- . ing Jan. 8-12, fenerally as of Monday. * * * Within the next 00 days, OPA said it will issue a permanent price regulation on corn, which will continue the levels frozen by Monday's action, and will be based on SI a bushel for No. 2 yellow a bushel for ·Taxation is always a matter o f ] corn in Chicago, controversy,'" he continued, "but I" a joint sta: it is highly gratifying to note that the stale docs not impose any millagc lax upon real properly." The stale property tax levy was cut from two .mills to one in 1941, and removed entirely in 1042. The balance in the stale treasury, nevertheless, exceeded $13,000,000 at the close of 1D42. ROUT NAZIS IN HILL POSITIONS Allied Warplanes Again Pound Port of Naples (By the Associated Press) Tank - led British infantry in Tunisia were reported to have driven German forces from hill positions straddling an arterial roaO 1-1 miles south of Mcdjez-El- Bal), which lies 35 miles below Tunis. Frontline dispatches said the Germans, apparently seeking to flank B r i t i s ' h vanguards at Medjex-EI-Bnb, pushed across the arterial road and occupied a hill and a farm. Counter-attacking British troops routed the Germans from the hill on Sunday nnd Monday pushed on. to seize high ground on the eastern side of the highway. "A day of brisk battle left the allies and nazis facing each other across a narrow, stony valley" an Associated Press correspondent at the front reported. ALLIED AIRPLANES POUND ITALIAX PORT OF NAPLES Striking at both' ends of iiazi- occupicd Europe, allied warplancs pounded the big Italian port o f ! Naples in daylight Monday a m i ' bombed the great Ruhr industrial valley in western Germany .Monday night. It was the sixth assault on Ihc Ruhr in nine nights. Coincidentally. British headquarters disclosed that German planes as well as nazi anti-aircraft gun crews were now aidin- in the defense of Italy, reporting that a Messei-schmitt 109 which attempted to intercept the raid on Naples was shot down. An Italian communique said four attacking aircraft were shot down and asserted that only slight damage was inflicted, ~ communique listed 23 killed 75 injured in the raid. tcmenl. Stabilization Director Byrnes. Secretary \Vickard and J. K. Galbraith, OPA. deputy administrator, said present prices for corn c.xcccd 100 per cent of parity, taking into consideration the AAA payments made by lh° department of agriculture, * ·¥ * "Ccilinir price levels set in the temporary regulation," Ihc statement said, "wilt be continued in the later permanent order. There definitely will be no increase in the general level of corn prices." Only seed corn, pop corn, grain sorghums, sweet corn, broom corn and local-farmer-lo-farmer sales of corn were exempted from price control. Agriculture department officials who would not be quoted, said the fi-cey.ing was designed lo preserve a favorable ratio between Ihe prices of corn on the otic hand .IIK! hogs, cattle, milk, poultry and eggs on the other. Present ratios make U profitable lo feed corn lo livestock and poultry. Officials said that com prices have been advancing in recent weeks, due principally lo a sharp expansion in the production oC hogs and poultry, and to prospects that com ami other feed reserves would be reduced considerably as a result of the consequent expansion in the demand for corn. * '·(· f Corn prices advanced from an average of 76 cents lo 80 cenfs * bushel at local markets between mid-Xovcmbcr and mid-December. It was necessary, officials said to bring !hc com price advance- to a halt because livestock dairy ami poultry products are subject ^government p n cc ee jij n g s . "'If corn prices were allowed to go much higher.'' an official ex- The and Buy War Savings Bonds and Stamps from your Globe-Gazette carrier boy. narrow. Tile government would have to raise ceilings on livestock dairy and poullry products in order to maintain a favorable margin, else many farmers would become discouraged and reduce their produclion. The government does not want to raise ceilings on livestock, dairy t.nd poultry product*.'' It was emphasized at OPA that tne ceilings apply to all corn futures transactions on the grain exchanges in Chicago, Kansas City and Minneapolis. The price maximum also applies to cash corn dealings on these markets, in addition to all other recognized cash markets including, among others. Omaha Sioux City. St. Louis, Memphis Cairo, and Pcoria, III.. Cincinnati .Buffalo, San Francisco, Indian-

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