The Mason City Globe-Gazette from Mason City, Iowa on February 29, 1944 · Page 4
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February 29, 1944

The Mason City Globe-Gazette from Mason City, Iowa · Page 4

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Mason City, Iowa
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Tuesday, February 29, 1944
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4 Tuesday, Feb. 29, 194 MASON CHIT GLOBE-GAZETT QUERIES ABOUT WAR PRISONERS GIVEN ANSWERS Red Cross Besieged With Questions From Kin of Captured Men Washington, D. C. -- With more and more American men being taken prisoner as the war progresses, American Hed Cross chapters throughout the country have been asked many questions and Red Cross national headquarters here has received hundreds of written inquiries, from families of these men. Eight questions most frequently asked, and their answers, today were .provided to the public by the Home Service .section of the Bed Cross. They are as follows: Q. How is Information obtained from the enemy about prisoners of war? A. Under the terms of the Geneva Prisoners of War Convention of 1929, the International Red Cross Committee maintains a Central Agency for prisoners oi war at Geneva. The Central Agency undertakes to forward information ab»tit the location and health of captured military personnel and interned civilians through information bureaus in each warring nation as rapidly as information is received from the various belligerent governments. V. How are the names of prisoners transmitted to this country? A. After the names are assembled by the Prisoner of War In- formatiqn Bureau of the country in which the men are detained they are cabled to the International Red Cross Committee's Central Agency in Geneva which forwards them" to the office of the Provost Marshal General in Washington, D. C. This office keeps a permanent official list of all names received from the International Hed Cross Committee. Q. How Is notification made to the next of kin? A, First notification to the nex 1 *}P t ' la * a man ^ a prisoner oz war is made in the case of: ? (£) A soldier--by the Office of the Adjutant General, War Department. _2) A. sailor--by the Bureau ,, of Navy Personnel, Navy Department. ff) A marine--by the Casual- ty Division of the Marin Corps. (4) A member of the C^«, Guard -- by the Personne Division of the C o as Guard. (5) An unattached civilian -by the Prisoner of War In formation Bureau. (6) Civilian employes of gov ernment departments -- b the employing department After the first notification all correspondence regarding a prisoner of war is addressed to the next of kin by the Prisoner of War Information Bureau. Q. Are reports received over :oreiga short wave broadcasts xmcerninff prisoners of war reliable? A. Relatives and I r i e n d s of American men missing in action should place no faith in the re- iability of reports from foreign Broadcasts purporting to give in- ormation that thejmissing man s a prisoner of war. There have een numerous instances in which he 'enemy statements have proved o be gross distortion of facts or complete fabrications. Q. Should person* receiving nformation regarding American nen alleged to be prisoners of war ry to communicate with them? A. No. They should communicate with the War or Navy Department for confirmation before addressing .letters to alleged prisoners of war. Q. Under what conditions do prisoners of war live and how are they treated by the enemy? A. The Geneva Prisoners of War Convention specifies the rights and duties of prisoners of war. It also provides that repre- entatives of the protecting pow- !rs. (the neutral government entrusted by a belligerent with the protection of its interests in enemy territory) visit the camps to nsure compliance with the provision of the Convention, and permits them to conduct with the consent of the interested belligerents, recognized humanitarian work of Bed Cross. Information regarding the terms of the Prisoners of War Convention under which the camps operate and about specific prisoners ol war camps is available through al local Hed Cross Chapters. Q. What means of cqmmunica- lon are available between prison- irs of war aufl their families? A. Hegular postal channels are open for communication with )risoners of war. However, no mail should be sent until instrue- ions lor addressing letters have een received from the Prisoners if War Information Bureau. Q. Can cables be sent to pris- iners of war? A. Commercial cable rrervice las been suspended to enemy and .enemy controlled countries Cables sent to individuals in enemy territory must be sent hrough Red Cross. Red Cross iome Service in local chapters ccepts cables concerning a pris- ner of war when the, captured nan has been officially reported o be seriously, wounded, when a ritical emergency; has arisen at ome, or when the family has een unable to communicate with le man through regular postal lannels. Specializing ia Acute and Chronic Disease Homo cat, Answered Day or Nitb{ Dr. A. P. Fankhauser, D. C S. O. T. Technician Phone 85* tor Appointments 22 3rd St. N. W. -t. Gov. Blue to Speak t Father-Son Banquet Pope joy -- Lt. Gov. Robert Elue of Eagle Grove, will be the jain speaker at the annual father-son banquet at the Methodist lurch dining room, Wednesday vening. Members of the W. S. . S. -will serve the banquet. The ev. L. E. Gatch is in charge of rrangements. Electric Motor Repairing By Experienced Men NEW AND USED MOTORS BOUGHT AND SOLD ZACK BROS. ELECTRIC CO. 303 Second S. W. Phone 377 EE Our Complete Stock of Seed GARDEN and LAWN Just Arrived · NORTHRUP, KING SEEDS in ' BULK and PACKAGE SCOTT'S LAWN SEED AND TURF BUILDER Package I Ib. to 100 Ibj. 20 E. State Van Ness CD Phqne 17 Armed Service Chiefs Praise Red Cross Work GEN. GEORGE, C. MARSHALL Chief ot Staff^ U. S. Army The workers of the American ted Cross are with our fighting nen throughout the world corn- to rting and caring for them and bolstering their morale. They make a great contribution to the norale of .the army by maintain- ng the vital link between our soldiers and their families. I have had numerous opportunities to observe the work of the Red Cross during the past year at home and abroad. Wherever American troops are located the Red Cross is there lelping. the wounded and the weary, operating canteens, recreation centers and rest stations, as- iisting wherever possible in the lospitals and serving as guide, counselor and friend to,the soldiers. Every American should join with the army in gratitude for the invaluable services being rendered 3y the Red Cross. Every citizen should contribute his portion for :he generous support of the Red Cross War fund. GEN. DOUGLAS MacAKTHUK Jommanrtiny General, Southwest Pacific 'The Red Cross never has failed he American soldier. It has helped him in his hour of danger, it has ustained him in his hour of pain and it has comforted him in his hour of death. Truk May Not Have Been Large Base By SANDOR S. KLELV Washington, (U.R)_The absence f battleship dry docking and ther first class naval maintenance facilities at Truk, noted in he recent American raid there, uggested that Japan mav have loodwinked the world into fae- ieving that Trufc was its "Pearl Harbor." , Naval experts now believe that apan's major outlying n a v a l tronghold is elsewhere, probably n the Bonins, one of the strings islands close to the homeland The Bonins, a group known to be Japanese as the Ogasawara are approximately 600 miles sonth f Tokyo. Paradoxically, the is- ands were first settled by Americans, and Commodore Mathew 'erry, who opened the doors of apan to the civilized world, once bought of developing them as an dvance U. S. base. Most heavily fortified island in tie group is believed to be Chichi ima. This island is approximately 00 miles north of Guam and ap- roximately 1,500 miles west of Vabe island. Failure or the Japanese to de- elop Truk into a first rate naval ase has puzzled naval experts ere. They consider it ideal for the urpose with e x t e n s i v e deep tfater, protected anchorages and arge land masses that would permit the insinuation of all needed lore facilities. Vice Admiral Ben lorreel, chief of the navy's bureau f yards and docks, who has studied aerial photographs of Truk, aid that in American hands Trufc ould be developed into a real ase. The great secrecy with which apac covered its operations at Pmk during peacetime led to beef that it had been turned into n elaborate naval establishment, ut the Japanese were even more ecretive about the Bonins. Only ne foreigner, an American, is nown to have visited the Bonins uring the last 20 years. The story is that he was so lav- hly entertained by his Japanese guides" while enroute, taht he ad practically no opportunity to 3serve his surroundings during is brief stay. According to Fred Henry and iete Roberts, authors of an ar- cle on Ogasawara published in IE semi-official naval institute roceedings, these islands "are ow bristling with Japanese armament of a major advance naval ase." They say this is more nearly apan's equivalent of Pearl Har- or. The islands, they add, are "a osed book to all but the very ighest in the Japanese imperial ouncils." Their article relates that in bout 1810, a group of 80 men and -omen from a "free love'' colony n Louisiana sailed ont in the Pa- fic to live as they liked where icy chose. They ended np in the Bonios. There they settled down ADM. ERNEST J. KIN Y G Commander in Chief, u. S. Fleet There can be no question as to the value of the work of the American Red Cross in wartime. Treatment of the wounded in combat areas, bettering the general welfare of our fighting men, augmenting the comfort oE the prisoners of war and the many other important details which the program of the American Red Cross embraces, merits the support of all. On the home front whenever the need is evident, the Red Cross concerns itself with the welfare of those in distress and renders assistance to the families of our men in the armed forces. This is a colossal undertaking and a- most vital one as it contributes directly in speeding the day of final victory. GE.V. ALEXANDER A. VANDEGRIFT Commandant, U. S. Blarine Corps Wounded, marines are eternally grateful for the life-saving blood plasma, collected from the American people by the Red Cross. We snow plasma has many times spelled the difference between life arid death. As this war enters its crucial stage, we of the marine :orps urge the American people to support their Red Cross to the utmost. ADM. C. VV. NIMITZ Comniander-in-Chief, U. S. Pacific Fleet Wherever the Stars and Stripes fly over Pacific islands, there also is found the symbol of the American Red Cross. Its representatives work tirelessly in tho service of our fighting men. Recreational equipment given by the Red Cross is in our ships at sea. The friendly and merciful hands o£ the Red Cross have everywhere stretched out to oui troops to give them courage in their dark hours of need. I urge all Americans to support the Red Cross War Fund campaign. LT. GE\. MARK W. CLARK Commander of the 5th U. S. Army Wherever the 5th army has moved the American Red Cross has kept pace with its advance; In Africa, ia Italy, at Salerno, at Naples and beyond the Hed Cross is on the job faithfully, continuously providing those special comforts that mean so much to the Tien after hard days of battle. Today Red Cross continues to carry on this work close to the fighting lines. ADM. WILLIAM, F. HALSET, JE. Commander, South Pacific Xaval Force The commendable work being accomplished by the American Red Cross in the south Pacific area is of inestimable value. Serving in its own field of endeavor the American Red Cross contributes to the morale of our fighting forces througf. the many services it offers. Red Cross hospital service, clubs, rest homes, welfare services, recreation, entertainment programs a n d welfare-comfort supplies are only a part of a large and broad service. TWIN ATTACK TACTICS BEST Gradual Change in RAF Strategy Expected London, (U.R--A gradual change from the royal air force's great 1,000 plane raids to the new twin attack tactics used so successfully last week against Schweinfurt and Augsburg was predicted Tuesday by ah experienced air observer He explained that be was not predicting the end of the 1,000 ,pUne attacks, but said be believed that the more economic "one-two punch" was due to become Increasingly popular as a substitute for the old RAF technique of dropping all Its bombs from one basket. It is clear that 10 men can pass through a narrow doorway in single file faster, and with less trouble, than i£ they try it abreast, the observer said, adding that-as far as he was concerned the same principle applied to aircraft. "That is the main reason why you will see more twin attacks," he reported. "Such tactics cut down tremendously the chances of collision over the target, yet at the same time permit effective concentrated bombing." Supporting his theory, an air ministry announcement Monday said that night photographs taken during the double raid on Augs- ·burg before the last bombers left showed large fires and vast columns of smoke pouring ,from the whole area under attack. The pictures showed that the attack was one of the most concentrated the RAP bomber command ever has made. The air observer -said that If GEN. JOSEPH STILWELL Commanding U. S. Army Forces m China, Burma and India The American Red Cross has made an outstanding contribution to the high morale of the soldiers in the China-Burma-India theater Its ceaseless efforts put forth in connection with the special service work of the army have helped to provide a wholesome diversion for the soldiers from their rigorous and exacting war duties Red Cross war funds are vitally necessary to keep these important efforts alive. to live In peace and harmony until Perry visited Japan. ·· Perry stopped aft at Ogasawara and immediately visualized its possibilities as an American base to prevent any possible Japanese encroachment eastward across the Pacific. His plan found no supporters but he nevertheless explored the area and planted the American flag on its soil. Not wishing to offend the Japanese, . the United States finally bowed out of the area, but the free love colonies stayed on and eventually there was inter-marriage with the Japanese. It is said that more than a score of descendants from the original white settlers still remain. Emmetsburg Soldier Gets Medal for Wounds EmmetsbVnr -- Pfc. Raymond Gorley has been awarded the Purple Heart for severe shoulder and arm wounds, suffered during the Italian campaign. He was injured Dec. 22 and has remained m the hospital since. Private Gorey, who is with a tank division was sent to North Africa last June and was later transferred to Italy. In his letter to his mother he stated that he was sending the Purple Heart home to her and that he was getting along fine. Brazilians are the world's oldest rubber-makers. Studyr Youth Center Plans at Iowa Falls Iowa Falls--Further consideration is being given to a suggested youth recreation center. At the second meeting of representatives of clubs, service organizations, and patriotic organizations in the city hall Friday afternoon, a board of directors of 5 members was elected. ; Members of the board of directors are P. K. Wright, secretary ot the Chamber of Commerce; the Rev. N. I. Baxter, pastor ol the Congregational church; Mrs. L. T. O'KeHy, Mrs. Dewey Gilbert, Jr.; and Mrs. Robert Hamilton. Tentative plans are to be presented to the people of the community at a mass meeting before any plan is started. Two senior high school students are to be named to the board of directors who will work with the student council of the high school. MRS. MENDELL BURIED Dows--Funeral services were held at the Presbyterian church at Dov/s Friday for Mrs. Henry S. Mendell who died at the Lutheran hospital'at Hampton at the age ol 7V years. She is survived by 8 children. Her husband died July 23, 1931. 2 I 4 S O F E D MARKET PHONE 916 NORTH IOWA'S LARGEST MARKET MEATY NECK BONES Co ^ib. 4-POUND BOX SLICED BACON 4 Points 75 C e«. TENDER BABY BEEFSTEAK 29! FRESH GROUND HAMBURGER AND PORK SAUSAGE . . MEATY SPARE RIBLETS . 1O C ^ ^^^* ^^B^^ IK TENDER BEEF SHORT RIBS 17« FRESH FISH OF ALL KINDS The bell of St. Peter's in Rome weighs 18,600 pounds. given hi* way, he would eliminate the 1,004-plsne raid* entirely and substitute icvera] waves of bomber* attaeUor the tame target over a period of several hours. -"Such tactics would make night bombing more concentrated, more accurate and make It almost impossible for the weary German lighter pilots to keep up the task of defending the target area," he said. He believes that the repeater method is not only more econom-' ical, but can be just as effective in wiping out large cities as the massed attacks because targets such as Berlin are bombed systematically by sections and there is no reason why several waves of planes could not do the job. FRANKLIN GOES OVER Hampton--Franklin county has gone over the top in the 4th war loan drive, according to D. D. Brarmvell and D. D. Inglis, cochairman of the county war savings finance committee. The quota was $840,000. Franklin county was the only county in the state in which personal solicitation was not used, contact being made by letter stating the receiver's quota. · A D I O N I C H E A V I N G A I D comm WTH MMlATUtt UUUO U«S AMOtTTBtKS Dr. J. Hi Lepper, Opt. t» lit 61. S. E. MM in City. U. Modern Truss Back Pad --Xo ptatradinc st n posts to wear the cloth* lot--n«at. TRUSS FITTING by graduated e x p e r t s . Don't t a k e chances w i t h inexperienced truss fitting! Our experts give yon private, personal service. If you have worn a truss, you will know w h a t real comfort means if you let our experts fit you with a new M O D E R N TRUSS. Old Styl* Trau Back Pad»--Not* lb« cumber- ftom* itud pe»t» causing dUcomlaiL Frankly and refreshingly feminine . . . excitingly new, so figure-flattering . . . the provocative peplum . . . sophisticated side drapes . . . sweet little suit dresses . gay prints, breath-taking pastels. All these--and many more from our fashion-hit collection. THE STORE OF FASHION SUPIRIORITY

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