The Mason City Globe-Gazette from Mason City, Iowa on February 29, 1944 · Page 1
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February 29, 1944

The Mason City Globe-Gazette from Mason City, Iowa · Page 1

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Tuesday, February 29, 1944
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NORTH IOWA'S DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME COUP D E P A R T M E N T O F A N O A R C H I V E S "THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH '10WANS NEIGHBORS YOU I* Associated Pna and United Press Fuji Leased Wires (Five Cents « Copy) WILL CUT PORK AND SOME BEEF RATION VALUES New Schedule of Points Will Become Effective Sunday, OPA Announces Washington, (/Pj--Sharp reductions in the ration point values of pork and many beef cuts will go into effect Sunday. But the ration values of veal, lamb, mutton, butter, cheese, lard and all other fats and dairy products w i l l remain unchanged through March, the office of price .administration said Tuesday in announcing the revision. Only the values of spare ribs ave unaffected in a general reduction of pork points. The cuts range from 1 to 3 points, bringing the average ration value of pork down to 1.7 points a pound. Beef cuts used for roasts, rib steaks and stews are also reduced. The point value of canned and ready-to-eat beef and pork items are reduced from 1 to 4 points, while many variety meats and some types of sausage also are decreased in ration cost. The reductions came as a surprise since the OPA had indicated that point values would be boosted steadily during the next JEpw months. Marketing of more livestock tlian had been anticipated was given as the principal reason for the reduction. "The lower meat point values also make full allowance to the housewife," said Price Administrator Chester'Bowles, "for the fact that with ration stamps now to be worth 10 points each, she cets I red point a week less to spend. "A large s h a r e of the meat available · to civilians during March will be pork--in fact/ pork' will make up more than half of the months total meat supply." Bowles said the amount of pork which will be produced during the first 2 or 3 weeks of March "may be at record-breaking levels for this time of year.", "In the case of beef, too, we expee t to h a ve. somewhat more in March/, than': during 'February," ; .Bowles.-sa«K, VBeef~is,~ of-'course" much less plehtifulithah-'porlc, but the smail anticipated increase en' ables us to reduce point values on some cuts." The over-all average ration value of meat in March will be 4.2 points a pound as compared with an average of approximately 5 points in February. The revision of meat values takes into account, the agency explained, that irom now ou each individual will have 60 red points to spend each month on rationed meats and fats, or 4 pbints less (nan in the past. The OPA estimated that notwithstanding this reduction in the number ol points the meat ration in March will be about 8 per cent greater than in February. The retail supply of pork during March is expected to be about 655,000,000 pounds, OPA said, or more than half the month's total of rationed meats. There will be about 5 per cent more beef than the 430,000,000 pounds available this month, it was estimated. The new point value chart lists most popular bacon cuts at one point a pound, down 2 and 3 points from February. Canadian bacon is reduced 4 points, from 9 to 5 points a pound. Most pork roasts are cut 2 points, with loin roasts, for example, being listed at 3 points a pound, 'down 2. Most pork steaks and chops are reduced 2 points, while knuckles, jowls and plates are given a zero rating. Among the beef cuts, both the 10-inch and the 7-inch rib roasts are reduced one point, being listed at 6 and 7 points, respectively. Chuck roasts are reduced one point and all beef cuts generally used for making stews, with the exception o* boneless heel of round, are reduced one to 2 points. For many canned meats, values are cut 2 points a pound. Deviled ham and tongue, for example, will cost 4 points as against 6 ; present. In maintaining present values on butler, lard and dairy products, OPA said that consumer demand had just about equaled the civilian allocation o[ these products during February, "thus making it unnec essary to revise point values fo March." "The March butter allocation i^ not great enough to allow a point value reduction," the agency said. Third of U. S. Families " Have $3,000 Incomes Washington, U.PJ--Although the average per capita income in 1943 was 51,050, one-third of American families now have incomes of more than S3.000 a year, the department of commerce said Tuesday. The average annual per capita income in 1935-39 was only S520, it said, and only 10 per cent MASO.V CITt, IOWA, TUESDAY, FEBRUARY 29, 1911 This Paper Consists or TV.O Sections--Section On* INVASION BOUND--U. S. soldiers march down a dock on a Pacific island--headed for landing barges which will take them to troopships bound for a south Pacific invasion. Russians Fight Inside Defenses Around Pskov REDS WITHIN SIGHT OF CITY Nazis in N. W. Russia Are Gravely Threatened Moscow, (iP)--All territory held by the Germans in northwest Russia ,is. now gravely threatened by the/1 red: army drive in Pskov and there is'evidence that the nazi transportation --/.System..,·-in. *some places' is": beccrmrivilLsorgatHzed; dispatches from the Baltic, front declared Tuesday. (The British radio, quoting the soviet army newspaper Red Star, said the Russians now were 'fighting inside the German' defenses around Pskov," with advanced red army units "within sight of the fortress city." ("Thfe Germans are resisting fiercely, especially along the main road, and the red army has to fight hard for every village' it takes," said the broadcast recorded by the U. S. foreign broadcast intelligence service.) With Hie vanguard of the Russian force, less than 12 miles away, Pskov was reported to be already under fire from red army siege guns. (Earlier, a London interpretation of the Russian communique placed the Russians 6 miles northeast of Pskov at the town of Tor- oshino on the Luga-Pskov railway.) . A dispatch to the army newspaper red star from the Pskov front said that in many sectors the roads are so clogged with wrecked German transport, guns and tanks that special soviet cleanup squads have been formed to clear them away to enable the red army to march through on the heels of the retreating enemy. With colder weather now prevailing on the northern battlefields, night fighting in increasing and Red Star said that soviet soldiers specially training for night operations are pursuing the Germans through the dark hoars. Farther south, Gen. M. M. Popov's army was reputed smashing through an intricate network of German communication lines and fortifications just east of the border of the Latvian republic. At one point Russian troops were only 12 miles from the republic's frontier. .This breakthrough, which lias disorganized German d e f e n s e plans and fighting lines, is seriously endangering Hitler's plans in the north and may shortly have far-reaching results Red Star said. With the: Russians making great headway in this region approximately 70 miles below Pskov it appeared evident that German positions around Pskov cannot long be held, dispatches said. of families had incomes of more than S3.000 during that period. During World war I, annual pc capita earnings climbed 3640. £ ' Young Technicians Employed in Ireland Ordered Home for Draft Belfast, (IP)--U. S. technicians 22 years old or younger employed by the Lockheed Overseas corporation in northern Ireland have been ordered to return home to report to their draft boards as a result of President Roosevelt's order for a review of occupa- ,._. tional deferments. Some arc onto only listing in American forces in the I united kingdom. Gas Coupons for 2,000,000 Gallons Stolen at Dubuque for Dubuque, W)--Gasoline ration coupons and certificates callin" r an estimated 2,000.000 gallons were stolen in a burglary of the Dubuque ration board's office in* =---the old postoffice building here early Tuesday morning. Chief of Police Joseph Strub announced that a vault had been forced open and an undisclosed number of cartons of B and C coupons rolls, many coupons books, iarid = a; quantity: of bulk gas61Ine~-'ceTtificales "stolen- ;-No~ fod' certificates or food rationing books were' takeri, Vha'sty check by "OPA officials revealed, the chief said. Entrance was made through a window leading into another office and the robbery was discovered by a janitor nt 6:30 a. m. A small coupe bearing Illinois license plates, was observed, with motor running parked in an alley back ot. the building at 4 a. m. by a physician. Chief Strub said, and the robbery is believed to have occurred at about that time. OPA Investigators L. F. Beck and H. J. Krone, both of the Moline district office, said that the technique followed in the burglary was % similar to several other recent midwest ration board safe robberies. The combination dial to the vault was knocked off and a diamond point chisel or drill used to force the lock open, they declared. Says Nazi Industries in Ruhr District Are Working Full Blast Stockholm, (/P)--A S w e d i s h cavalry officer returning from a tour of Germany and Poland said Tuesday that, nazi industries "in the Ruhr were working full blast 'despite the heavy allied bombing. Capt. Jan Wilholm Kuylen- stierna said he was surprised to see the factories operating again after having read-reports of great damage there. The Germans have been able to put the plants back into working condition within " months, he declared.' The officer was on a military mission studying German use of cavalry. The nazis are using considerable cavalry forces on the eastern front, lie added. Early Denies Rosenman Had Anything to Do With F.R. Veto Message Wa'shiusto'fi^" CU.P.If^Rel idfcle" -j ti- fbrmants'Monday jrientifiea JudgoT, Samuel Irving Rosenman as the author of President Roosevelt's tax veto message, but White House Secretary Stephen T. Early denied that Rosenman had anything to do with.it. Asked to comment on the report that Piosenman wrote the controversial tax veto message which led to the resignation of Albcn \V. Barkley of Kentucky as senate majority leader, and then to his unanimous re-election. Early said: "Judge, Roscmnan had nothing to do with U. He had no part whatever in, writing the veto message. 'As a matter of fact he didn't even sec it--and that's not an anonymous statement." Republicans already are accusing Mr. Roosevelt of being ill-tempered, abusive, intemperate and violent in his relations with congress. Their reaction follows democratic protests of the lone of President Roosevelt's veto message. Clouds Help U. S. Bombers at Brunswick London. U.R--United States fly- ng ford-esses renewed the attack m Germany Tuesday after a 3- lay recess, bombing the battered aircraft center of Brunswick vir- uall;/ without opposition under cover of dirty weather which im- nobilizecl the nazi fighter force. Headquarters attaches w e r e jubilant over the results of the raid on Brunswick, 120'miles west of Berlin, but were realistic Miough to ascribe the absence of :he German air force to the weather. A solid cloud which covered the "ortresses u-as several thousand :eet thick, and that together with severe icing conditions WHS be- 'ievecl to account for the lack of ·esistance. Observers believed -hat the reduction last week of jerman fighter production would be reflected immediately in the iiazi willingness to fight against odds. Liberator bombers joined in the daylight attack on the continent leading an all-day assault 3h the Pas Oc Calais '-rocket coast" of France. They were escorted by U. S. fighters. , The fortresses rounded out the greatest month in the history of aerial warfare by the returning to Brunswick, apparently to nol- ish off isolated aircraft factory buildings not destroyed in 3 previous raids since Feb. 1. The formations of fortresses did not rival the size of the armadas hundreds strong that last week beat down the German airforc-e in the new visit to the scene of the fiercest American air battles on Jan. 11 and Feb. 10. The raid was the 8th air force's I9th major operation in February --a new all time high equaling the December and January raids combined. Eleven were against Germany. While the fortresses wore out on the Brunswick raid, allied medium and light bombers maintained an all-day attack on northern France. Big forces of bombers and fighters shuttled across the channel against France at intervals One very large force flew inbound over the southeast coast at great height Tuesday afternoon. 14 Jap Ships Sunk by U.S. Submarines, Knox Reveals NAZI AIRFIELDS NEAR ROME ARE HIT BY YANKEES Allied Ground Troops Improve Positions on Anzio Beachhead BULLETIN At The Anzio Beachhead In Italy. ·£)--The Germans opened up Tuesday on 6th army troops in the beachhead with one of the heaviest shellings yet. The shelling was not intensive at any one point, but it scattered all over the area. There also were several air alerts. Allied Headquarters. Naples. (U,R) --American dive bombers pounded German airfields in the suburbs of Rome for the 2nd straight day, a communique disclosed Tuesday, us allied ground forces improved i their positions on {he rain-swept Aiizio beachhead after beating off lew German counter thrusts. While the luftwaffc remained rroundcd by intermittent rain iqualls that hampered ground 'ighting on all 3 main battlefronU in southern Italy, swarms of allied medium a n d fighter bombers itruck repeatedly at enemy targets an the Rome area and alons the nazi-held railroad lines feeding doivn from the north. Other raiders swept across the Adriatic to bomb Jind machine- gun German shinning off the Dalmatian coast. Boy, 15, Who Stole Car Hitchhikes With Wrong Man--Police Chief Bnoiic, W)--A 15 year old Audubon boy was in custody ot the Sac county sheriff Tuesday because he hitchhiked a ride with the wrong person--Police Chief Jack Berry of Boonc. The lad told authorities he stole an automobile at Templeton and drove it to Sac City, there "ex- changing'' it for another machine which ho drove to Webster City. From there he started hitchhiking toward Boonc and officers here were tipped off. Bcrry rccognizcd the lad on a highway near here. WITHIN REACH Sinclair Gives Report of Fine Plane Results London. (U.B--Air Minister Sir Archibalcl Sinclair s;iid Tuesday that the "glittering prize of air supremacy" nov/ was clearly within reach of the allies, together with the prospect of paralyzing German war industry and transport and clearing the road for the progress of allied armies to Berlin. Berlin received in January as great a weight of bombs as fell on London throughout the war. Sinclair told commons in introducing his periodic oir estimates. More than 2,500 British planes were lost in bombing operations from Britain in the last year with nearly 18,000 crewmen killed or captured, Sinclair said. Germany no?,' is using the greatest concentration of anti-air- cralt guns and searchlights ever employed, and the nazi fighter force "is milch jjreatef than thut w i t h which we fought and broke the enemy in ihc battle of Britain, the air minister siiid. "Our losses arc becoming progressively less heavy compared with the effects we are achieving," he said. "The ratio of casualties to the weight of bombs dropped is steadily falling despite the fact that the range of our attacks has been steadily increasing.' Buy War Savings Bonds and Stamps from your Globe-Gazette carrier boy. SUPPLIES FOR FIGHTERS--A huge avmy crane unloads supplies from a coast guard- rnannecUsupply craft pn a bcacli in the Kwajalein atoll in the Marshalls invasion. Nazis Stress Threats to Jap Homeland By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS American advances in the PH- :ific have jolted Japan's man-in- Ihe-strcel into an awareness that lis island is now a part of the front which may become before Ions a target for allied air assaults, a German Transocean News agency broadcast said Tuesday. "This feeling: has been awakened amonff the entire Japanese nation by the appearance of the U. S. fleet off the llariaiias," said a dispatch broadcast by Berlin. A government order limiting open fires in Tokyo houses, the axis report said, had its share "in giving Tokyo's inhabitants the feeling they are now directly included in the front area." It stated ,that "Japan must be prepared at any time to sight enemy bombers," but added that "it is doubtfu^ whether the Americans in theXear future will undertake, on the Japanese mollieriand :iir raids which could only be nuisance sweeps." American fleet units were last reported making heavy air attacks on enemy bases in the Marianas, less than 1.400 miles from Tokyo, on Feb. 22, and the German broadcast credited this blow with opening Japanese eyes to "what space devouring force there is in modern warfare." "One has realized that the American advance in the Pacific is no isolated enterprise in which after rapid' thrusts the attackers recoil to their original positions," it stated, adding that "it seems" A "-~»-i- 11 suiien, adding* inai it seems American A-3G invaders spear- that the Japanese arc not willing headed the assault, diyebotnbing to use their fleet in waters where and strafing the LHlovia airfield the Americans might have air su- 111 Hie southern outskirts of Rome prefnacy." and the Guidonia and Marcigliano fields in the northern part of the city. Lt. Nick Kasun,. Detroit. Mich., htf:J«J ; -the,i HffVi axAlnsV the Ul- ioria lield.isairhjs'f; enemy coastal shipping Adriatic port of Anconu. - -- - TM ···»-»«·» - «*·**!,_ »*» AW» UldUVti--LiiltJ its bombs squarfciyacrossthe/nsui hangars : and the adjacent.railway yards and then swung: uack to strafe freight cars stalled in the yards. The central Italian railway junctions of Chieti and Terni also came under the nllied bombsights, while another raiding force hit at oft the Not a single nazi plane rose lo challenge the raiders, but 3 allied aircraft were lost--through antiaircraft fire or the almost impenetrable flying wenlher. On the embattled Anzio beachhead, American and British troops continued their limited offensive in the area south and southwest of Aprilia behind a steady artillery b a r r a g e that crashed down throughout the day on nazi troops massing before the allied lines. (A United Press Madrid dispatch quoted reports from Rome that Marshal Albert Kesselring was reinforcing his air squadrons in the beachhead area and would launch his expected offensive as soon as the mud hardened sufficiently to permit the movement of mechanized f o r c e s . Men and equipment were said to be clog~ : : the roads south of Rome). nx.i shock troops launched a small-scale attack ygafcl British u n i t s along the upper bank of Uio Moletta river, southwest of Aprilia, Monday, but they were driven back by heavy fire from the British lines. The British then surged out of. thqir trenches and gained new positions in the ravines and rock caves bordering the river. -NAMES DONAHUE CHAIRMAN Hampton--C. B. Donahue of Hampton has been named chaiv- man of the Red Cross fund campaign in Franklin county and plans have been completed for the membership drive to begin March Weather Report FOKGC,:\ST The closing of restaurants, bars, dancing places and "alj places of entertainment which are not necessary to the war .effort" will be effected 'March 5--by government SKILLFUL RAIDS AGAINSTNIftON ROUTES SHOWN American Submersible Attacks Becoming More Successful Washington, (.^--Destruction of. 14 Japanese vessels by American submarines was announced Tuesday by Secretary of the N a v y Knox. The sinkings, Knox said, included 11 medium cargo vessels, a small cargo vessel, a cargo transport and a large tanker. They brought to 611 the number of Japanese ships of all types sunk, probably sunk or damaged by American submarines. Knox also reported that for the month of February, not including Tuesday, Japanese shipping losses caused by all types of American action totaled 189 vessels sunk, probably sunk and damaged. In that tolal, he said, were 22 combatant and 167 non-combatant vessels. . -^ "American submarines are do- ] ing an increasingly skillful job," """ he said in releasing navy, com- munique No. 507 telling: p£,. ;the new sinkings. '·-"" ' "'·" "" Knox added that o activities have been successful regularly aiiese ship losses .._ causes also have beenV "\\ } e)l over 3,000,"' Japanese merchant ': said, "have " causes." It has beeii esti ping of oi'dci'ii another. 3er.lin broadcast I Kno reported. . . . . . ,,._,..,... Those" deprived of a 'jiving by the closing of their businesses wilt receive financial compensation and tax reductions. Geishas affected by the shutting up of more than 4,300 geisha houses in Tokyo also will be given " w a r employment. 'Tokyo teahouses also are included in the restrictions. Government offices may not even close Sundays, but officials alternate'on the shifts so that each has 2 Sundays off each month. Officials' trips will be restricted to only the most urgent cases. Restrictions have also .been placed on the size of audiences in theaters--"for safety reasons." PARLIAMENT IN FINLAND MEETS Communique Expected to Be Issued Later Stockholm, UP}--Sweden will do its best to provide Finland with food if the Finns q u i t the war with Russia, a reliable informant said Tuesday. (A German news agency broadcast recorded in London said the Finnish parliament met at 11:30 a. m. in Helsinki with Premier Edwin Linkomies reading a brief resume of the present situation. It was indicated an official com- munique would be issued later Tuesday.) While a Swedish government spokesman refused to say whether an offer ot food actually had been made to the Finnish government it was a good guess that the government had given the Finns some assurance on that point. Swedish press comment and public opinion generally were hopeful that Finland could find some way out. It was believed nothing yet had Japanese started _ 7,500,000 tons of mi "That they are . .cargo and. trans] o:i"continued, "13 .en.^iii.-the-AviO'Z'-they. operations. V '·'- good luck in ....K.I..B, ,,,.,, able number of Japatjoc u lie said that 1iniMft»'^..^__ rine losses for f*·- ·j-TMr" jgwto«'. of the war have been surprlslnjly. small. The Japanese technique of anli-submarine, warfare, he said, has improved, but "likewise our technique of evasion has improved." I I 1 It I 1 4 A ^ I -- -- -- · · » · · » · · . M t m n m i f j j i ^ v 11 an Mason Cilv- Fair TursHiv n i - M ! hrf PP cned t h a t definitely would -tiason til. ran lucidnv n i g h t . ; ,),CV cnt a Finnish.Titi«in.-, o--;_ lowest temperature Tuesday night in Mason City 18; Wednesday increasing cloudiness: not much change in temperature. , Iowa: Increasing cloudiness Tuesday night becoming cloudy Wednesday; occasional light snow west portion Wednesday; little change in temperature. Minnesota: Increasing cloudiness T u e s d a y night. becoming cloudy with occasional light snow Wednesday, no decided change in temperature. I N MASON CITY Globe-Gazette weather statistics: Maximum Monday 32 M i n i m u m Monday night 18 At B a. m. Tuesday 13 LEAP YEAR 1940: Maximum 22 M i n i m u m g Precipitation Trace Snow nn ground 2.25 Cloudy . a news conference about axis radio reports that an American attack is continuing on Guam, American outpost in the Pacific which was captured by the Japanese early in the war, Knox described them as "just _a misstatement for propaganda purposes." adding that he believed the broadcasts were intended mainly "for local consumption." To an inquiry concerning a statement by an army intelligence officer that loose talk enabled the Japanese to evacuate Kiska in the' Aleutian islands before the American invasion, Knox intimated that he was satisfied with the conquest without a fight * Continue to Maul Japs at Rabaul By R I C H A R D C. BERGHOLZ Associated Press War Writer More than 200 planes poured 104 tons of bombs on Rabaur's harbor and one of its protecting airdromes and according to an allied communique issued Tuesday "pilots reported very heavy destruction." The raid, which occurred Saturday, was the 12th consecutive daily strike and the 7th consecutive time when-Japanese failed to get a single interceptor into the air. Rabaul's defenders have been pounded with 3.205 tons of bombs during the last 26 days--the \vurst maulinc any Japanese position his ever taken in the south Pacific. In addition to the aerial smashes, Rabaul has been shelled twice hy mar.-iudinjr destroyer forces. The destroyer squadron leader Capt. Arlcight T. Burke, told Associated Press War Correspondent Vcrn Haushland the Japanese apparently have given up hopes of retaining Rabaul. "I think those stranded and deserted Japs will collapse, but not soon," Burke soid. Other enemy bases in the south Pacific to take heavy blows from the allied air force included We- wak. main Japanese base in New Guinea, where 80 tons of bombs were dropped: Aitapc, 90 miles northwest of Wcwak, .where '73 tons fcll,_ and the Admiralty .islands in the Bismarck sea," where Lorcngau I A stiffening of the Finnish attitude was reflected in an Helsinki dispatch quoting the newspaper Social Demokratli as asserting that Russian air raids on the Finnish capital may have jeopardized peace negotiations. "Force and threats, as Russia must know of old, will only give rise to opposite reaction," sa'id the paper, mouthpiece of Finance Minister Viano Tanner's strong social democrat party. An apparent reluctance of the Finnish government to abandon its present policy was further indicated in a freshly-signed Finnish-German trade treaty, an-1 airdrome were hit with 36 1 nounced Mbnday night. Finland O f bombs. Waingapoe, far to the has depended largely on Germany Kvcst on Soomba island in the for food suppl.cs throughout *= I Dutch East Indies, caught 18 tons. 1 ' i There was no reported action in j the central Pacific, only a Tokyo Buy \\ar Say-inns Bonds and broadcast cUim that the allies Stamps from your Globe-Gazelle | raided Tarna airdrome in Maloe- carrier boy. (lap atoll-in the eastern Marshall -,_: :__.. , ' .V

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