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Â° E J Â» A Â« T Â« Â£ H r NORTH IOWA'S DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME "THE NEWSPAPER THAT VOL.U AmrlÂ«tÂ«d Prtn and United PnÂ«3 Fun Leased W)wÂ» MAKES AU. NORTH 10WANS NEIGHIOftS" .i.-v v-xr^j/iji^y^ss-Si^f^jS''^^^*^ HOME EDITION iirmri S*Â«CentÂ» a Capy) MASON CITY. IOWA. MONDAY JANVAKY 15. IMS ^^^ Â· _ ..: ___ TOÂ« fmpa cÂ«antÂ» of Two SecUaa-Sertioo On, KO 84 BEDS DRIVE TOWARD NAZI FRONTIER One Man's Opinion A Kadla Commentary by W. EARL HALL Managing Editor BROADCAST SCHEDULE KGLO. Mason CJ(y, Sand*?, 1:13 p. m. WOI, Amci, Wednesday, Â«;SO p. m. KSCJI, aim City, WctnndMT. Â« p. m. WSDL low. City. Tf.dnej.Uy. 1:K p. m, WTAD, jolney. 111., TfcimtUy, Â«:SÂ» p. ra . Don't Expect Too Much From Wars of the past 2 months *-* on the world's diplomatic front should serve to remind us that a war, oÂ£ and by itself, never settles anything. History contains innumerable proofs of this fundamental fact and now, even before we are dead sure about the mili- fary fates of this greatest of ail wars in which we are now engaged, we are being given a new version of that old, old story. i : . In liberated Greece we have '- seen Greeks kilb'ng Greeks and British instead of directing their fire at the nazis who nearly four years . ravaged their country. They're more interested in taking over control of the new government than they are in bringing the world war to a successful conclusion. In Poland we have seen a division in the ranks of the allies on the question of which local government shall be recognized. Russia insists on having a sizable chunk of Polish territory, which historically she claims as her own. She's also insisting on a "friendly" ''government in Poland. Britain and If. S. take-the position that any such decision as this should be deferred. . In Italy, in France and Belgium, there's a similar jockeying for position in the post-war government. There's a seeming disregard of the fact that the naii enemy^ has not yet been defeated. .'-ijQje/skein'[isr.tangled,.the out^ ;iook.";'anything ^tlit:" r encburaging. Moreover v -tyere's^fery^' likelihood that the act ultimately will be repeated in the Asiatic theater of war. So what? W ELL, it's high time that all of .us.who have entertained the quaint notion that with victory in the war,. the world's problems automatically would be solved should quit dreaming. That just isn't the nature of war. It never was, as a reading of our history books 'will assure us. The most war ever does is 'to provide a nation with the opportunity to solve its . problems.' Sometimes those at the helm make use of that opportunity. More often they do not. That's why wars have recurred down through the centuries. That's why the world is locked in war today. World war I had a double billing. It was labeled as a "war to end wars" and as a "war to make the world safe for democracy." Those high-sounding ideals actuated allied fighting men as they slogged through to victory in that conflict. Even the vanquished enemy was filled nyith hope. Of course, neither of those 2 goals was achieved. Wars weren't banished and the world wasn't made safe for democracy. As a result, World war I has been set down as a miserable failure. *pHAT, I submit, is a slander Â·*Â· and a libel against all who fought and died in that great conflict of 3 decades ago. The plain truth is that World war 1 did all that any war has ever done, all that any war can" do. It brought the enemy to his knees. It laid the foundation for a lasting- peace. The war that had been bravely won on the battlefields was lost at the peace table and in the parliaments of the world, including our own senate. In heaven's name, let's npt lay at the door of our fighting men the sins and misdeeds committed by those charged with winning the peace as they, our fighting men, had won the war. TTE made the rather sweeping * statement that a war of and by itself never settles anything. Some may question that. Some no doubt would cite the American revolution as disproof of my claim. All right, let's look at that war. By winning that conflict, the American colonies were able to break away from their mother country. Without that war, there might never have been a United States of America, That's true. Bat -- and this Is important -there wouldn't ha\e been any United States of America if there hadn't been a constitutional convention. For a half dozen years or so it looked very much as if the 13 colonies which bad won their Independence .would become 13 Balkan states transplanted in America. The fate of our country hung by the flimsiest thread. Ail of those arguments being used today by isolationists against ""sacrificing sovereignty" were trot- Cootinaea OB Pace 2 MacArthur's Troops Expand Beachhead 30 Miles on Lingayen Gulf General MacArthur's Headquarters, Luzon, ()-- U. S. 6th army troops crossed the formidable but virtually undefended Agno river 88 miles from Manila and overran scattered Japanese to expand their Lmgayen gulf beachhead 30 miles*to a total of 45, Gen. Douglas MacArthur reported Monday. The infantrymen in their 5th day of the invasion hurdled the Agno, where the enemy had F expected to make a stand, Â«,. Bayambang, 22 miles from the gulf. They continued south at a pace limited only by the ability Ask Higher the TTT Â±r ,, Wages Instead th* Â«=Â» . , .. of Legislation of supply columns "to Â· keep up with them. Mangatarem was captured by i" 1 ?"* "*""' " Iunaa y w substitute the westernmost spearhead in an higher industrial wages for pend- 8 mile advance brushing through lng worfc-or-fight legislation. 2 enemy skirmishing parties of _ Spokesmen for the American 150 men each. The eastern flank Federation of Labor and the so- hsd mnfa ^:fftn.,lÂ« Â»Â«:Â«Â«. Â»...* .... Cialist narfv tnlri *ia Virtiteo "Â»Â«:i; iao men eacn. The eastern flank Â«Â«e*awuii 01 i^auor ana tne so- had more difficult going but ap- cialist party told the house mill - proached Catablan, 20 road miles tar y committee that breaking the inland, in a 5 mile gain. little step' vÂ»r.r-,.i- Â·Â·--Â·- *i-On this front the Yanks ran best meal into small arms and artillery fire Problems. little steel formula provides the best means of solving manpower from an enemy position of foxholes and dugouts. Eighty-two Japanese and were killed. . a few Americans Extension of the beachhead took in the important rail and highway junction of Damortis on the north and approached Alaminos on the southern side of the crescent - shaped arc. representing gains of 10 and 20 miles, respectively,' from an original beachhead measuring 15 miles. Capture of Damortis. where the Americans found little more than sniper fire, seals off Japanese Iroops on the northwest coast from the only highway leading into the Benguet mountains. Some Japanese military leaders are believed to be in these mountains at Baguio, summer capital of the Philippines. The sweep westward to Alaminos included seizure of Port Saul after a short, sharp fight. Associated Press War Correspondent Fred Hampson reported the Yanks captured a quantity of equipment there-^-the ;firstv instance of Â·ijja'r-- ferial" abandon ed'"by : the' Â· Luzon Japanese. ;.' " ('Â·Â·Â· Hampson said the Japanese apparently did not plan to of fer a defense along the Agno, the strongest natural barrier since the landing. He said the unit he accompanied "met. 100 Japanese not far from the Agno, but thy were lightly armed and put up little fight." . Hampson reported the main problem still was logistics--"unloading equipment through heavy surf and getting the stuff forward across rivers whose bridges had been blown up." He said the Japanese themselves had destroyed fully 2-thirds of the larger bridges leading southward from Lingayen gulf, "forcing the Yank invaders to use slow ferry services to transport vital equipment over sluggish, wide rivers." In 5 days. 26 locomotives, 300 freight cars, more than 400 motor vehicles and 11 tanks and armored cars were destroyed by American warplanes. Numerous enemy aircraft were knocked out in raids on airdromes. Opposing legislative 'action 1o force 4-Fs into war plants or uniforms, Lewis G.-Hines, AFL legislative representative, said current manpower shortages result from the "low level at which wages have been frozen by the war labor board in certain plants." Hines' contended that upward adjustment of wages in plants where-it is necessary to speed war production would have "no significant inflationary effect." "Clearly this is a matter for government to decide," he said. "Does it want war production? Or does it think keeping wages frozen at low levels in certain plants is more important?" Speaking for the socialist party, Albert Hamilton, 31, of Vienna, Va., expressed "absolute opposition" to pending draft proposals. Hamilton said his statement had been a p p r o v e d Thomas, head of YANKS BOMB NAZI RAILROADS London, Iff) -- Almost 1,300 American bombers and fighters from Britain pounded 4 railroad yards in southern Germany without interference from German rt aS v'l el i% M Â° nd: J y 'J ollowi - ng Sun ' Â·Â·'Â«""Â» Oi ^ oor ana "Â« ^o ro day s lafge-Ecale battles m which testimony Monday and Tuesday Â£13 PnCmV a i r n m r f M l n l - n J -- ,.rf*l . . . . . . . - -- 243 enemy stroyed. aircraft were de- Washington. (JP)--Congress was railed upon Monday to substitute party. by the Norman socialist 'If it is desirable for. the government tp underwrite the private ;enferprjseV system/with' profit percentages "ffigrlef"Â·"tMaiire*pSOefore to get businessmen -interested in war production, then there should be no compunction about paying decent wages to workers," Hamilton asserted. "Why not break the little steel formula now and solve some of the most pressing manpower problems?" Hamilton said a draft of civilian workers for private profit "is completely undemocratic and will not help but at this point will hinder production." Â· "This is really bureaucracy with a vengeance," he added. "This is really the army mind applied to a problem capable of a democratic solution." Opposition to work -, or - fight legislation also came Monday from Chairman Mead (D., N. Y.) of the senate war investigating committee, who ordered a reassessment ot manpower needs by his group. Mead told a reporter the committee would call before it this week representatives of the war manpower commission, war production board and the war department to learn whether the job-filling goals previously fixed had been reached by voluntary methods or whether any legisla tion actually is needed. These witnesses also will be asked, the chairman said, whether allied lasses in material and equipment in the Germans' Belgian offensive were such as to force an upward revision in manpower needs. The house gvoup called repre sentatives oi the American Federation of Labor and the CIO for The daylight blow by 600 Fortresses and Liberators, escorted by 675 Mustangs and Thunderbolts, was aimed at Freiburg, Augsburg, Ingolstadt and Reutlingen, all important links on the rail routes which the Germans use to shift troops. Shortly after the American attacks, British 4-engined Lancas- ters drove home 2 more assaults in the newly launched aerial offensive on German fuel sources with a daylight attack on 2 benzol plants at Bochum and Recklinghausen in the 'Ruhr. The American operation apparently was an emergency shift from the offensive on oil centers, 10 of which now? have been bat- terea over the weekend by 3 000 or more bombers. More than 6,000 planes, including tactical units based on the continent, unleashed a mighty coordinated attack beginning Saturday night. Eighth air force Mustangs and Thunderbolts fought a record battle Sunday against the German air force-- up in force for the first time since New Years' day. * An official announcement said American long range bombers were over Germany again at noon Monday, . after RAF heavies "in very great strength" heaped tons of explosives on the Leuna synthetic oil plant at Mersebcrg and on a fuel depot at Dulmen Sunday. 'That is national service in another form," Mead said of the pending bill. "It will take a long time to get it enacted and more time to set up the machinery to operate it. "I think that if any legislation is needed, (ne problem might be bandied more expeditions!? by giving the WTB statutory authority to enforce ceilings on the number of employes in civilian Production Industries and giving (he WMC authority to stop labor hoarding in war plants." Mead said the committee's field agents had been checking for some time in reputed manpower shortage areas and would have their reports ready next week. In the meantime, he said he had suggested to the war department that plants which are being closed because the need for items they manufacture has slackened, be converted to other production and their labor forces held intact. MARCH OF DIMES New York, (#)--The 1945 march of dimes campaign, to provide for an extension of the battle against infantile paralysis, is officially underway. Basil O'Connor, president of the national foundation for infantile paralysis, opening the campaign Sunday said in a radio address over CBS that last year's epidemic --second worst in the nation's history--claimed 19,000 victims. 'v.' ^^^^^^^^^^^'^(^^"V -'/";.?""' :; \ k AV.^IÂ£Â£ ^/% :^:V^-v Â· . ' 3 v * i *' , ; A ^^^^Â»T:^feÂ«/' rt v;^^X i * , ,1 .* r: % .'\-r^w.i-$^v-ftÂ£t -Y:* V *v**r S - -3 INVASION FORCE IN LINGAYEN GULF -- A n LST (left), loaded -with troops and supplies, heads for the beach about the time first waves of assault troops were landing on the shoves of Luzon'in the Philippine invasion. Floats, for portable docks, can be seen on the side of landing ship; other ships are discernable through American-made smoke screen. Yanks Within Mile and J Â£? CLAIM u a Half of Houffalize " WEATHER SLOWS ALLIES ARMIES First Army Moves -.Paris, ^tflQ^TBa.; American,iiit army drove" within 1% miles Mori-? day of the communications center oÂ£ Hauffalize, pivot of a. new improvised German defense line in the flattening Belgian bulge. Heavy fog, a blinding snowstorm and a sharp drop in the freezing temperatures slowed the pace of 3 solidly linked allied armies elsewhere, and again grounded tactical air forces Jate in the day. Clear weather during the morning had permitted some planes to attack the Germans on the southern part of the salient. The famous hell on wheels 2nd armored division drove closest to Houffalize, striking from the north. Third army troops were a bare 3 miles south of the town, and British and Americans were last reported a little more than 3 miles away from the west. Other 1st army troops moved within 6tt miles of St. Vith, northern anchor of the new German arc line spread from Wiltz northwest to Houffalize and thence northeast to St. Vith. The American 1st and 3rd armies linked up south of Laroche forming w i t h the British 2nd army a solid allied front accelerating the German retreat. North of St. V i t h , the enemy mounted a series of counter-attacks against the U. S. 1st army a r o u n d captured Thirimont, touching off a violent tank and Infantry battle.. Despite snow and ice, the Americans made general (tains of 1,000 yards on the northeast flank of the bulge between Stavelot and Malmedy. The 1st army captured 15 places _ a - _ _ , - ^ . M . J t ul _^_^ ci i l l t u L11U shoulder of the salient, and striking final blows to liquidate the 3rd army southeast of Laroche. center of the bulge at its most ex- bulge, the first army captured Lig- FK $Â· sta ,S e ' a PP ear ?d doomed as neuville, eife miles northwest of the allies battered within 3 to 314 St. Vith and 4 south of Malmedy milpc nf T n o +m,T^i r*r* *) --U A -- Â« . . _ _ "-* miles of the town on 3 sides. Beaumont was reached and Cou- _, ,, - ------ - Â· Â· " ""Â·--- jaeauiuuiii. ivas reacnea ana L.OU- ihe Germans tightened their lee, 6 miles northwest of St. Vith, defenses overnight in an effort to Â» was defenses. driving , was taken Near German-held Bovigny, 10 __iiles northeast of Houffalize, the Americans captured B a c 1 a i n, Â· ,-.----- .; ... Mont-Le-Ban and Halconreux, all .ntii 2 ,doiens'-:ol' ; iiibre in anarc arourid the 'larger town; SSg^f^fte^M$S!ito*i The_'JIcLufiaKÂ£e-st,' Vith Highway, Tetungen, 3 miles inside ' GÂ«r- last Tnajor-trafHc'S~aHeryoii 'the many's Saarland opposite Lux-, bulge, was cut Sunday Â·andTbeing embourg. ' ' overrun Monday. : Supreme headquarters said the Nedrin, 5 miles southeast of La- enemy was pouring reinforce- roche, fell after scant resistance, inents into the middle Saar and A cluster of nearby places were upper Alsace plain battlefields, taken including Petit Monnont, where -their earlier -offensive Grand Morraont, Filly and Olio- thrusts had been brought to a mont. Also captured were Wibrln, standstill. Hundreds of American warplanes scourged the lines of retreat Sunday in the best flying weather in days, riddling some nazi convoys lined up bumper to bumper. II the favoraole weather continues, allied air power may be able to wreck great quantities of Marshal von Rundstedt's armor and transport before they reach the German border. M e a n w h il e- in northeastern France the Germans uncorked new attacks against U. S. 7th army lines 8 miles inside Alsace north of Strasbourg. Despite the use of tanks and flamethrowers, the enemy blows made little or no headway, late front advices said. German rearguards in the Belgian salient were being hurled against U. S. first army troops battling 7 miles north of St. Vith, through which von Rundstedt's convoys were hurrying toward the reich border, 4 miles to the cast. Nearly 4,000 allied planes took part in the aerial warfare Sunday, hitting Germany's oil and communication resources as well as plastering the nazis in the Belgian bulge. According to available 4 miles northwest of Houffalize, and nearby Wilogne. On the south side of the bulge, Lt. Gen. George S. Patton's 3rd army was held to less spectacular advances. His 6th armored division thrust a mile.ahead to Michamps, 4% miles northeast of Bastogne. Infantry edged a quarter mile into woods 3% miles northwest of the Luxembourg town of. Wiltz. . Reports to supreme headquarters said the Germans now were finding their command posts overrun by the concentric allied advances. At one unspecified place, a German regimental headquarters was overrun by an advance so swift that the whole personnel oÂ£ the post was captured except the commanding colonel himself. The 1st army captured 15 places figures they knocked down 232 overnight, biting deeper into the nazi fighter planes at a cost of 45 snnnlnpr nf *hra oil,n^t --J _-:i. _ n : _ ^ ~i . allied planes. The first army took Dines on ", t""Â·",. , t , " "M"'Â«aic me me nrst army took Dinex on western tip of the bulge, where the Lieee highway 3 miles nortn' contact was-established with the of Houffalize. Between Malmedy and StaveJot tr.%,.ff-,i;, i_r--I Â· ----"-'"Â·Â· .ocuvEcii raauueuy ana oiavejot HoUfahze, almost in the dead along the northeast side of the T -i- W 5s Â£z ^J; Â»V Â·*Â· . Â»Â·Â· Â· .-_ -.- Â· _ , _ ALLIES CONTINUE GAINS --Allied troops- (arrows) drove south to the Thirimont area on the road to the German bulge supply center of St. Vith, cut the St. Vith- Houffalize road west of Cherain and reached Rpumont, Gives and Foy in advances in the Bastogne sector. T' FORMOSA RAID By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Japanese army headquarters at Formosa announced that "some 200 carrier-borne U. S. planes struck Monday at air fields and communications" of Formosa. The report lacked immediate U. S. confirmation. The announcement transmittec by the Japanese Domei news agency was monitored by the federal communications commission. Â· According to Japanese reports the raid began at 8:30 Monday mprriing vand -lasted almost hours?-Â· " " - ' ' ' " Japs Hint Possible Resignation of Koiso By United Press The Japanese radio hinted Monday that the successful American campaign in the Philippines may force the resignation of Premier Gen. Kuniaki Koiso. Tokyo broadcasts referring to the Koiso regime-were taking the tone of those which preceded the deposal of his predecessor, Premier Gen. Hideki Tojo, following the American conquest of the Marianas last summer. A Japanese Domei dispatch recorded by the FCC said "factions" in the nation's ruling circles were clamoring for a "bold and unprecedented political renovation" anS a "2nd political reformation." Continuing political conferences and a scheduled meeting of the j Koiso cabinet Monday suggested' that the crisis might come to a head before, the imperial diet (parliament) reconvenes n e x t Sunday. bur air .fields and''facilitieisj'i-fhe Japanese army announcement admitted;, Â· ;Â·!"- Five U. S. planes 'were shot down, said- the army report. The American planes hit targets which were worked over by China-based Superfortresses Sunday, and at least 30 Japanese civilians were killed in the raid, the broadcast said. If the .Japanese report is true these 200 planes may be a part ol Vice Admiral John S. Me Cain's carrier force which has been rampaging deep in what was formerly a Japanese-controlled sea except for allied submarine forays. Friday, when last reported, a group of McCain's planes struck a! harbors, shipping, seaplane bases and airfields along the French Indo-China coast. Spillville Man Hurt When Kicked by Horse Spillville --.Joseph Frana me acciden ' TM hile and cut internally and externally HIT DEEP INTO GERMAN-POLISH DEFENSE LINE Berlin Reports Attacks West of Vistula River and in East Prussia Moscow, (IP)--Russian armored orces surged through southern Poland-Monday to within 64 miles of the heavily fortified German Silesian frontier amid mounting indications that tlie new soviet winter offensive may soon spread over the entire eastern front from the Baltic to Yugoslavia. Marshal .Ivan S. Konev's new thrust, which in 3 days has carried across the Nida river on a 37-mile front and drove a deep Â« r eÂ«J?e into the Warsaw - Krakow defense line, appears to be part of a great red army general offensive to clear Poland, liberate Warsaw and.carry the battle to the industrial areas of southeastern Germany. (Bei'lin reported late Sunday night that other powerful soviet forces had begun attacks west of the Vistula at Magnuszew and Pulaxvy, 33 and 65 miles southeast oC Warsaw and along the Narew river north of the Polish capital. Earlier German broadcasts told, of new Russian attacks in East Prussia.) Fighting in sub-zero temperatures Konev's troops made gains Sunday up to 15 miles and captured 200 more localities for a 3- day total of 555. In the northern sector of his salient across the Vistula, however, his troops met sharply stiffening nazi resistance just sooth of Kielce. Other red army elements seeking to push their way-up ,the-Vistula toward Warsaw ran into' th e ' same, hard de- ftnsive.fighUnif.;.. .;; . _ - Â· ' The""lafge riumber'. of -reserv2s which the.nazi high command has already thrown into the mounting battle was beginning to brace the sagging' German. eastern front There was little doubt that the red army must soon meet up with the toughest kind of opposition, since the Germans apparently base their hopes for a defense of the southern corner of the reich on the Warsaw- Krakow line. Military observers In Moscow pointed out that Marshal Kon- stantm. Rofcossovsky's first White Russian army was massed., before Warsaw on the eastern bank of the Vistula ready to give the Germans another big defensive problem. Further north the 3rd White Russian army is poised in East Prussia, augmented by other soviet troops released from the Baltic campaign. A midnight soviet bulletin said (hat 2,000 Germans were slain as the red army took Pjncznw, important road hub and German stronghold between Krakow and Kielce, while other hundreds were slain north of Chmielnik in the drive lo the Nida river. The Warsaw-Krakow railway j.i. Â· - n Â» ,_ . ."".'- J-ne warsaw-^raKow railway driving 2 stray horses out oÂ£ his and highway were cut in the yard. One kicked him in his face, Miasowa-Brzegi area 93 miles throwing him to the ground un- southwest of Warsaw The Bus! conscious. His upper teeth were sian communique disclosed that loosened and his lower jaw bruised other soviet troops had seized the ^nn *iir i r ^ - t n v n i l l t * inrT , , , . - i ~ _ _ , _ 1 1 - T _ . . . . * _ .. Â»jv.i*.i-u. till. railway station ot the important Weather Report FORECAST Mason City: Partly cloudy Monday night and Tuesday. Lowest Monday night about 10 above. Rising temperature Tuesday. Iowa: Cloudy Monday with light snow in cast portion. Partly cloudy Monday night and Tuesday. Little change in temperature. Warmer Tuesday. IN MASON CITY Globe-Gazette Weather Statistics: Majymum Sunday 27 Minimum Sunday 21 At 8 a. m. Monday 21 Snow Trace Precipitation .01 YEAR AGO: Maximum 4g Minimum , 13 GUN POSITION IN BELGIUM-Cpl. Eugene C. Heffner (left) of York, Pa., and Pvt. Laynon W, Breazeale, of .Laure!, M;ss., operate controls on a 155 mm. howitzer set up between 2 trees in the snow in Belgium on the 3rd army front where the "B" battery of the field artillery is sun- porting the 4th infantry division.